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"ON WE MOVE IND-fcSOLUBLY FIRMJ?30D AND NATURE BID THE SAME.
?4 IN ADVANCE
ORAI^GEBURG, SOUTH CAROLI^^ THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1873.
TUE ORANQEBURG TIMES
Is published every
DRANG E?URG/C. H., SOUTH CAROLINA
v* ?. /.?. . by
ORANGEBURG TIDIES COMPANY.
Xirk Robinson. Agt.
24 In- 48 In
sertion sert ion
column, - - 1 13 00| 55 00| 83 00(125 00
uir ascription hates:
$2 a year, in advance?$1 for six month*.
JOU PRINTING in its all depaituients
neatly executed. Give us a call.
SOUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
Charleston, S. C, June 28, 1872.
On and after SVJNDAY, Juuo 20, the
passenger trains on the South Carolina
ltniiroad will run us follows:
Leave Charleston - G:00 a in
Arrive at Augusta - - 1:45 p in
Leave Charleston - f?:0Q a m
Arrive at Columbia, - 1:00 p in
Leave Augusta ? - 5:30 a 111
Arrive nl Charleston - 1:10 p in
Leave Columbia - 5:20 a 111
Arrive tit Charleston - 1:10 p in
ai gusta night egress.
Leave Charleston ? - 8:10 p m
Arrive at Augusta - - 7:15 :a 111
Leave Angufttt - ? - 0:15 ]> 111
Jfc'rivc at t'luirle^ton ? - 0:8q a 111
> coi.umhia NltillT express
Leave Charleston - 7:10 y, in
Arrive Columbia ? Gil? a hi
Leave Columbia - - 7:10 p m
Arrive at Chailcston - 0:4 5 a in
Leave Summerville - 7:8") a in
Arrive at Charleston - - 8:80 a m
Leave Charleston - "tf:.'].1} p m
Arrive at Summerville at - 4:40 p ni
cam den urancii.
Leave Cam den - - 3:65 a 111
Arrive at Culumbia -. 8:00 a m
Leave Columbia - - ? 10;40 a 111
Arrive at Camdcn - IS:'2~) p in
Day and Night Trains connect nt Au
gusta witbMacon and Augusta Railroad
and Georgia Railroads, This is the
quickest And most direct rouie, and as
Comfortable and cheap as any other route
to Louisville, Cincinnati, Chicago, St.
Louis and all other points West and
Northwest. / ?
Columbia Night Trains connect with
Greenville and Columbia Railroad, and
Day and Night Trains connect with Char
Through Tickets on sale, via this route
to all points North.
Camden Train connects at Kingville
daily (except Sundays) with Day Passen
ger Train, and runs through to Columbia
A. L. TYLER, Vice-president.
S. B. Pickens Geucral Ticket Agent.
DU. THOMAS LEGAUG,
i.ate resident physician to the roper
and city iiospitae ok charleston,
OFFERS his prelcssionnl services to the
community of Orangeburg and to the pub
lie at large.
Office Hours?From 8 to 9 a. in., 1 to 2,
and 7 to 9 nt night.
Office, Market Street, over store of Jno. A.
nug. 14 1873 20 0m
MOSES M. MOWN,
MARKET STREET, ORANGEBURG, S. C..,
(next door to Scraps & Street's hill.)
HAVING permanently located in tho town,
would respectfully solicit the patronage of
the citizens- Every ellbrt will be used to give
June 18. 1873 " .18 ly
DR. II. BAER,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
131 Meeting' Street, Charleston, So. Ca.
DR. BAER keeps n complete assortment of
everything that belongs to his branch of
business ; and makes a specialty of Trusses, Ab
dominal Supporters, Elastic Stockings, Shoulder
Braces, for ladies or gentlemen. Also Mne
neto-Electric Batteries, Homoeopathic Medi
cines; and. Medicine Chests for Physicians or
He is proprietor of numerous valuable reme
dies, and agent fer many more. He cordially
iuvites orders from his country friends.
april 10, 1873 8 - Cm
CAROLINA MILITARY INSTITUTE.
CHARLOTTE, 1ST. O.
\VT1 L be opened on October 1st, next.
For further information, apply for circular
J. P. THOMAS,
W. J. DeTreville.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Ofiico at Court House Square,
Orangeburg, S. C.
IZLAE <& DIBBLE,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Orangeburg, S. C.
J.\s. F. Izi.au. S. DinnLt:.
Geo. S. Hacker
Doors Sasli, Blind
rlHSlSAS LABOE AND COMPLETE,
a factory as there is in the South. AH work
manufactured at tire Factory in this city. The
only house owiwl ?nd fjinnr.cv?*-*?y Q fc?ONMIH
an In this city. Send for price li*t. Address
CEO. S. HACKER,
PosUtflice. Box 170, Charleston, S. C.
Factory und ^Vareroomson King street oppo
site Cannon street, i>n line of City Railway,
Oct. :50 ly
THE HOME SHUTTLE
?Pfj BJCST, Because i: is perfect in its work
AkJ Rccnurc it has the endorsement of so
?many ladies who use it; because it is .simple,
and because it can be bought complete on table
'tor only $37,00.
JOHN A. HAMILTON.
Agent for II. S. S. Machine,
march 0. 1873 tf
Hj^iiB exercises of this School will be resumed
? JL on Monday September 1st 1878.
TEKM8 PER MONTH :
Beginners -. - - $2.00
Latin and Creek 50c extra, each.
Board per school week . $3,50
? " ? month 12-00
HUGO G. SHERIDAN
SASHES AND BLINDS,
Mouldings, Brackets, Stair Fixtures, Imild
ers' Furnishing Hardware, Drain Pipe, Floor
Tiles, Wile Guards, Terra Cotta AVarc, Marble
and Slate Mantle Pieces.
Window Glass n Specialty.
BS?- White-Pine Lumber for Sale, j^flf
Circulars and Price Lists sent free on applica
tion, by P. p. TO ALE.
No. 29 Hnyno and 33 Pincknoy street,
ocl 1-ly Charleston, S. C.
FRESH SUPPLY OF GOOD
BOX ES of FRUIT CAKE, CORN HILL
Lc^uon and milk Biscuit.
IcXsE of Original Deviled Ham, a great
relish for the sick.
^ CASE of Lemon Sugar .
INRUSH Salmon and lobster, Sea Foam and
. .Hossford Baking Powder.
BEST FAMILY FLOUR,
SUGARS and COFFEE,
For sale CHEAP for Cash.
JOHN A. HAMILTON
Mav 20, 1873 15 if
AN ACT to Hake Appropriations f
* and. Raise Supplies for, tub |
Fiscal Year Commencing Novem
' ^ ' ' l|
Section 1. lie it enacted by the
S*u**o and Houno of Representatives of
of tho State of South Carolina, now mot
and sitting in General Assembly, and -by
tho authority- of tho same, That tho
following sums be, and they are hereby,
appropriated for the payment of tho
various officers and expenies of tho
State Government, that is to say :
For the Governor, three thousand five
hundred dollars; for the Lieutenant
Governor, twenty-five hundred dollars ;
for the Secretary of State, three thoua
. and. dollars; for tho Private.Secretary
of the Governor, two thousand dollars;
for the clerk to the Secretary o f State,
one thousand dollars ; for tho Adjutant
and Inspector General, tweuty-fivo
hundred dollars; for tho clerk to the
?Adjutant and Inspector General, one
thousand dollars; for the Comptroller
General, three thousand dollars; for tho
clerk to tha Comptroller General,
eighteen hundred dollars; for extra
clerical services in the office of tho
Comptroller General, two thousand dol
lars; for the Stato Treasurer, twonty
five hundred dollars; for the chief clerk
to the -Stute Treasurer^ eighteen hundred
dollars; for a Rook-keeper for State
Treasurer, eighteen hundred dollars; for
for tho State Superintendent of Educa
tion, twenty-five hundred dollars; for
the clerk to the Stale Superintendent of
Education, one thousand dollars ; for the
Health Officers, five thousand ouo
hundred dollars; for the chief Justice
of the Supremo Court, four thousand
dollars ; for the two'Associate Justices,
Beven thousand dolln -; *??? eight "
circuit Judges, t^vonty-eight thousand
dollars; for salary for eighteen months
of the Judge of the Inferior court of
Charleston Couuty, four thousand and
ouo hundred dollars; for tho eight cir- ?
cuit Solicitors, eight.thousand dollars ;
'for the Attorney Qeueral, thrco thous
and dollars; for the Attorney General's
elerk, one thousaud dollars; for the
clerk of the Supreme Court, who shall
perform the duties of Librarian or sail
Court, fifteen huudrod dollars^ for the
State Reporter, fifteen hundred dollars ;
for the Keeper of the State House aud
Librarian, ono thousand dollars; for the
Superintendent of the South Carolina
Penitentiary, two thousand dollars ; for
two Watchmen of the Stato House aud i
grouuds, six hundred dollars each; for
the. County Auditors, thirty-two thous
and five hundred dollars ; for the clerk
to tho Auditor of tho County of Charles
lon, ono thousand dollars ; for the un
paid salary of the Auditor of Aikon
County, three hundred and thirty-niuo
dollars; for the Governor's Mcsicngor,
five hundred dollars; for the County
School Commissioners, thirty-two thous
and two hundred dollars.
Executive Department. ^
Sec. 2. For tho contingent Fund of
the Governor, twenty thousand dollars;
for tht contingent Fund of the Treaaur
cr, one thousand dollars ; for the con
tingent Fund of the Comptroller Goner
al, ono thousand dollars; fur tho con
tingent Fund of the Attorney General,
one thousand dollars ; for the contingent
Fund of tho' Adjutant and Inspoctor
General, ono thousand dollars ; for tho
contingent Fund of the State Superin
tendent of Education, fiftcoa hundred
dollars; for payment of the Miloago
certificates of Members of the State
Hoard of Education, ono thousand dol
lars; if bo much be necoasary ; for the
contingent Fund of tho Secretary of
Stato, ono thousand dollars ; for tho con
tingent Fuud of the Stato Librariau,
five hundred dollars.
Tho abovo appropriations shall be
drawn by tho heads of each dopartmont
respectively, and they shall make to tho
next-session of tho General Assembly,
on or beforo December 1st, n detailed
stutoment of tho various expenditures
made by-them under the* head of con
tingent Fund: Provided, That tho
statem?nt?' heroin required shall not
apply to the Govornor's contingent
Fund, but his accounts shall be examin
ed and audited by a committee to be
appointed by the Qeneral Assembly at
its present session, which committee
Ishall report to tho noxt session of the
doncral Assembly,, on or before the 1st
Ijday of December, 1873.
(! Judiciary Department.
Sec. 3. For tho purchaso of books for
Ithe Supremo Court Library, one thous
and dollars, if so much be necesiary, to
bo drtwn on tho order of the chief
.-jJustice; for tho contingent expenses of
?tho Supremo Court, under Section'7 of
San Act ratified tho 18th day of Septem
ber, 18G8, six hundred dollars ; for an ?
attendant on tho Library and tho rooms
of the Supreme Court, five hundred dol
.3am, to bo paid quarterly, on tho war-'
?jtan of tho chief Justieo on tho Treasury,
tho said attendant to be appointed by
and bo removable at the pleasure of said
Ordinary Civil Expenses.
SfiC. 4. For the civil contingent Fund,
twenty thousad dollars, to be drawn on
the warrant of the Comptroller General,
countersigned by too Governor; and the
officers of tho different departments
drawing upon tho said civil oontingont
Fund shall, on or before December 10,
at the next cession of the General Assem
bly, make u report of the amounts they
have bo drawn to tho General Assembly;
for tho purchase of books and stationery
for the various County Auditors of this
State, five thousand " dollars ; for the
support of the Lunatic Asylum, seventy
eeveri thousand five hundred dollars, ten
thousand dollars oi which, or such
amount as the Treasurer's books will
show as yet due on the contract for tho
Same, to be applied to tho completing of
unfinished wing of the Asylum, and two
thousand five hundred dollars for the
paymcnt.of the architect, and tivo thous
and dollars for .floating and furnishing
new wing of the Asylum, to btfpaid
on the warrant of tho Comptroller Gener
al, oh the application of tho Board of
Regents : Provided, That not moro than
two-thirds " of the above appropriation of
ten thousand dollars shall bo drawn
until the work is completed according to
tho contract; for tho support of tho
Sti tc Orphan Asylum, twenty thousand
dollars, live thousand dollars of which to
bo Jcxpeudicd for beddiug and necessary
repairs of tho- building occupied, the
same to be paid in accordance with the
law establishing the said Asylum ; for
tho State Militia, twenty thousand dol
lars of this amount to be applied to
repairs upon tho State Armory, at
Columbia, under the charge of the .
Adjutant and Inspector General, to be
?drawn on the warrant of tho Comptroller
General, on tho application of. the
Adjutant and Inspector General; for
Quarantine expeusos, twenty-five hund
red dollars ;? for the Keeper of^tho
Lazaretto, four .hundred dollars, to bo
drawn on the warrant of the comptroller
General, on the application of the Port
Physician of Charleston ; for'.he Physi
cian to the Charleston Jail, one thous
nnd dollars; for transportation and
clothing of discharged convicts, three
lundrcd dollars; for tho Catawba In
dians, eight hundred dollars; for the
permanent printing of this^session of
the General Assembly; fifty thousand
dollars, to be expended in accordance
vith an Act to provide for tho publica
fion of the Acts, Reports, Resolutions
fad Journals of the General Assembly;
'or the publication of tho laws passsd at
the prescut session of the General
Assembly, twenty five thousand dollars:
Provided, No contract exceeding that
Unount shall be valid ; lor the payment
.? the commissioners and Managers of
Election, twelve thousand dollars, to be
)aid on tho warrant of tho Comptroller
jeneral, countersigned by tho Governor;
or the payment of the per diem and
oiloago of the mombers of the last
icucral Assembly, remaining unpaid,
en thousand dollars; for deficiency of
Appropriation for legislative expenses,
fifty thousand dollars; for the paymont
m tho services of tho Presidential Eloc
us elected at the last'Presidential eloc
ion, four hundred dollars, if so much bo
eccsssary, to bo paid in aceordanco with
>w ; for the payment of olaims passed by
io General Assembly at its present
usion, severity fivo ihousand dollars, if
) much be necessary, to be paid on the
jrtificntcs of tho olerks of tho two .
Sec. 5. For the support and construe
tion of the Stnto Penitentiary, forty
thousand dollars, to bo paid on the war
rant of the Comptioller General, on the
application of the Suparintendont.
Approved February 26,1873.
A Battle In The Air.
"A most terrific battle between two
birds," says the Virginia (New) Monta.
ni?n of the 14th ult., "occurred between
two largo brown eagles in the vicinity of
the lakes above Virginia on last Wed
nesday evening. When first noticed the
birds were soaring, ono above the other,
at an altitude of perhaps three-fourths of
a mile, and seemed ou a sail for pleasure.
Presently the uppermost bird, closing its
broad wings, shot downward like a* mete
or for two or three hundred feet, and
with a wild/ piercing scronm, lit fairly
upon the back of the other bird. Tur
ning with the rapidity of lightning the
victim clutched its adversary with talons
and bcek, and a fierce struggle ensued.
The savage yells, the striking of huge
wings, and showers of falling feathers,
gave unmistakable evidence of the fero
city with which the ^contest was waged.
"As they fought they fell earthwards,
and, when within five hundred feet of the
ground, they became disentangled, and
each swooped upWards again. Now fol
lowed an interesting trial as to which
should first gain a sufficient altitudo to
make another plunge. The circliug of
the smaller was rapid and close, while
that uf his antagonist was made with
greater limits, and his ascension was
quickest, accomplished. Tho largest ea
gle was soon fully one-half mile high,
and some hundreds of feet, above his vic
tim. Hovering in mid-air for a moment,
as if making sure (of his aim, he again
?U.u.1 Jun? up.u I.Lj ou.oi.ty, ttttifetllff
him as before with a force that seemed
sufficient to kill of itself. Again they
grabbled and fought liku winged demons
?whirling, falling and striking furious
ly for tho space of two or three minutes.
The were now near *tho largest of the
lakes, and gradually descending to the
water. Tho struggles of tho smaller be
came less and less fierce; ho was gotting
weak, and was evidently nearly van
quished, whilo his more powerful aggres
sor seemed to wage the battle with in
"Another moment and the conquering
monarch loosed his hold, and with an
exultant shout of victory soared upward.
The battle was ended his prisoner, limp
and lifeless, fell into tho waters of the
lake with a splash and floated on the s?r
faco without a struggle. We with our
companion tried to got the dead eagle,
but were unable to do so without swim
ming for it. Both birds woro of very
largo size, the largest measuring wo
think fully twelve feet from tip to tip.
The spectacle was exciting in tho extreme
and the victory tragically complete.
The battle had likely commenced before
wo discovered them, as it docs not seem
possible for one to kill the other in so
short a time, although the fighting was
Redemption of Forfeited Lands.
The comptroller-genoral has written a
letter to an A Keen lawyer in reply to the
question "if lands bought by the Stato
for want of bidders at a delinquent land
sale can be redeemed within ninety days
by tho original owner." To this_ the
comptroller replies as follows:
"1 have the honor to reply that the
act of the General Assembly 'providing
for tho assessment and taxation of pro
perty.' (Section 108,) approved Sep
tember 15, 1808, provides that if tho
lands advertised at a delinquent land
salo of real estate not in cities, towns and
villages cannot be sold for at least one
fourth of its assessed value, that the
county auditor shall purchase sufficient
thereof at that rate for the State, to sat
isfy tho iax, costs and penalties thereon,
but this portion of the said Section 108
was repealed by the act of March 12,
1872, and now there is no law on our
statute books that gives tho county'audi
tor or any other officer any authority to
purchaso any real or personal estate for
the State on - account of any tax; hence
lands connot bo 'bought by the State for
the want of bidders.' -
"The only mode the State has, or cau
get any. title to land offered at a - delin
quent land sale, is in the manner pres
cribed in the revised statutes, title 3,
chapter 13; section 34, viz., by forfeiture,
such lands not being sold for the want:
"The same section.(34) emphatically
declares that the county auditor.shall de
signate such lands as are 'not sold for^
the want of bidders, as 'forfeited/- and '
that'the right, title and interest'> of the
former owner therein .shall'be vested in
and transferred to the Stato of South ?
Carolina, while section 35 (following)
declares how the county treasurer shall
have credit for the 'forfeited list, in dis
charge of his indebtedness. If you will
note carefully sections 36 to 46? inclusive
I think you will decide with me that
.these eleven sections provide only * for
tho redemption of lands 'sold at delin
quent sale,' and not to those ,not sold
for want of bidders/otherwise 'forfciteoV
I know of no law in the State which
refers io lands forfeited to the State for
taxes of 1872 save that above noted,
and when I refer to the joint resolutions
of the General Assembly, session of 1872
?'73,1 there find that twelve (12) of
these thirty (30) resolutions expressly re
late to the redemption of 'forfeited lands
by the former owners, and made 'forfeit
ed' in previous years by-Section 84
above quoted. The action of the Gene
ral Assembly by its joint resolutions
confirms my opinion as to the previous
acts, and I can ' only decido that all
lands'offered for sale at any* delinquent
land fiule' and 'not sold for want of bid
ders, arc forfeited to the State and must,
be so held until sold by an 'act' or re
deemed by a joint resolutioh."
Comments Upon The 8upreme
* Court Decision.
The decision has been given, and of
oourso it is adverse to the white pcoplo
of South Carolina?they alone being, to
any extent, taxpayers. ' * *
But let us make it'a long time before
we pay this same tax!?EdgefiuH Ad
"the most dangerous decision in the
history of the state."
By this decision tho Supremo Court
simply usurps the powers of taxation and
the appropriation of tho public .moneys
from the Legislature. What do these
conspirators caro for that. Legislature?
Do they not know that if a spark of
pride could be injected into, it, or a ray
of light as to their duty in the premises,
eould shiuo iuto tho brains of the legis
lators, a few thousands of greenbacks
would plaster over the greatest sins, and
make them as popular as Honest John
Patterson? This decision surpasses eff
rontery; it is the grasping by tho court1
of tho highest functions of the lt^isla
The decision is tho moat dangorous.
one we have known of since tho history
of our State commenced. It has no
foundation in law whatever. It is a dis
tinct invasion of the sovereign rights
of the General Assembly to dispose of
tho public moneys. If Judgo Willard
can >1h)w one singlo instance of an
annual tax levied and the same diaburg- *
ed without its appearing in tho general
appropriation bill for the year, and this
wo say not of South Carolina only but
of any other State, or tho United States,
then we will confess to having done the
learned judge injustice.
Judge Willnrd's opinion is immenso
in length and weighty in words. He
could not have exhibited more zeal had
ho been tho attorney for tho bondhold-.
er?. This, perhaps, may bo from the
natural cast of his mind, which is that ?
of a vehement .partisan; Whichever
side ho espouses he does it with heart
and soul. Ho is not a man of judicial
mind?has some smattering knowledge
of the law?knows little of tho law or
practico of this State?is exceedingly ver
bose and frothy, with an abundance of
confidence in his own abilities and learn
ing. This decision of the Supreme
Court requires a severe rebuko from^
tho Legislature for tho attempt to in-"
fringe upon tho high, 'privileges given,
and given only, to the representatives
of the people. Judges of courts have '
been before to-day hurled headlong
from thoir seats on the beuch for a