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'.. - ?
>-day ^r ? iofliued form,
? tears (fell Softly down :
We looked our last on the aged face,
With ita look of peace its patient grace,
And hair like a silver crown.
our own to the clay-cold hands/
^;|or%labor at rest;
l amoiig the blo.^oiu3 white and sweet,
Wo noted a bunch of golden wheat, .
Clasped close to the silent breast.
? . ? ' ?
The blossoms whispered of fadeless bloom,
- Of a land where fall no tears, i
Tho ripo wheat told of toil and care,
The patient waiting, the trusting prayer,
The garnered good of the years. .
?? ... -
We know not what work her hands hod found
What rugged places her feet;
What cro3?-w?.a hew, what blackness of night
Wo saw but tn! peace,'the blossoms white,
^A^^&obunch of ripened wheat.
As each goes up from.the field of earth ;
Bearing the treasures of life,
God looks for some, gathered grain of good,
From the ripe narvest that shining stood, '
But waiting the rcaperjs knife.
'Then labor well that in death you go
Not only with blo.--.sonw sweet?
Not bent with doubt, and burdened with fears,
And dead, dry husks of the wasted years?
But laden with golden wheat.
"Agriculture is the. General Pursuit of Man; it
is the Basis of ell others, and there'
fore, the most Useful and
, ' , Honorable,"
-?"'Ml ".'..?,'if , ,
3 h, 50 m.
10 h, 21 m,
12 h, 32 m,
First Q'tr. |G h, 37 m.
Days. iSun Rises.,Sun Sets.
Frcnn the Southern Cultivator,
, i.i?. Book-Farming.
^Editor Southern Cultivator:?By far .the great
er number of Southern farmers regard Agricul
' iure as a pursuit -of all practice and no theery,
and look upon all scientific inquiry upon the
subject as both visionary and unprofitable.?
They do not seem conscious that there can be
no intelligent system without theory, whilst
daily reasoning from cause to effect in some
sort of way to carry out their own plans. The
prime object of "book f u ming" is to aid them
in reasoning more intelligently, in theorizing
more philosophically, in doing better the very
thing they necessarily do and^onderan.
It is true there are many theories in all pur
suits run to absurdities, and so there will be as
long as there are eccentric and badly balanced
minds. But the abuse of a thing, is no argu
ment against Its use, and the "old Fogy" in his
iron-clad prejudices is as great an extremist, as
the wild, speculative, agricultural chemist.
Each illustrates the old Roman proverb, "safety
la between two extremes." Since, then, we muBt
have theory, let it be an intelligent one, upon
which to base on intelligent practice.
Agriculture is a science in its highest sense,
and requires for its .successful prosecution, a
wido range of information combined with a
BOijind judgment, and a liberal mind ever open
to^nylction.' Even in the most enlightened
system, there will be differences of opinion on
minor questions?but the innin point is to de
velop truth, and all the truth we can. Accept
no man's opinion on mere trust, however high
the authority, for rmmy things are true which
are fjot expedient. Circumstances alter cases.
What may suit one locality, Boil, climate or
condition, may not be fit for another. That
wliloh? is just tWthlrig for a largo planter to do
oj^bwfe'mBy oeAlie^w^rst1 thing for a smaller
one, and that which is often true enough abso
lutely, may be relatively false.
To attempt to farm altogether by the bookf
would soon bring any planter to ruin, and, no
doubt, has made some visionaries come to grief
but wo should thoroughly digest an agricultu
ral work, like a sensible student at law would
Blackstone, and pick only the ripe fruit in the
In all fmming experiments, there are many
contradictions and different conclusions from
the same premises, because the adjuncts wero
different. In South Georgia it is sound policy
tojhavcf.cCtton in narrow rows and wide apart
in'the drill, : while, it is vico versa in North
Georgia. Tho best fertilizer for one section is
often tho poorest for tho other Tho Dixon
plan of farming will suit one and not the other.
Clover and the grasses^ though growing as well
or better in North Georgia, than in Kentucky
or Virginia, do not succeed near so well.
ToeunvuPj-otf tho facta arc necessary, in or
der to form a Just c?nclusion in any system of
agriculture, aiid part of a fact Ift the worst
slough of despond in which any planter can
flounder. It is not the fault of the Agricultural
book or periodical, but a misapplication of their
facts to your particular case.
Rome, G?, *
What is a Grange?
It ii an organisation of farmers. It
has for its object Improvement. It is
designed to elevate and onlighton tho
farmer. It would qualify him fof hia
God-given profession. It aims to bring
about these -objects by association. It
unites those of the Bfeme calling into one .
great brotherhood for the protection of
all. It establishes in every neighbor
hood a looture-roem-^whioli is the
grange itself-'-in whioh the important
truths are unfolded. It disseminates
Taluable information, that all may bo
btnefitted. It eolleots as well as
disseminates. It is an intellectual insti
tution. In calls for an exercise of the
mind. It brings mind in contact with
mind, and yet, bj the contact, other
minds are illuminated by the friction/
It draws our our latent talent. It makes
active and tangible what has been be
fore dormant and unseen. It shows the
importance oi cultivating brains as well
1 as soil. It demonstrates the faot that as
rich harvests are developed by brala
cult uro as by soil culture; that a great
crop of weeds has grown up and smother
ed out. tho usoful plants by the noglect
of brain culture. Tho grange is a social
institution. It makes a grand brother
and sisterhood. It unites by strong
ties those that have been before
strangers. It makes each feel an inter
eat in all, and all in each. It heals up
the wounds of the unfortunate. It
administers comforts to the sick and
elevates tho sufferings of tho distressed.
It is a husband to the widow and a
father to the orphan. It makes ovory
neighborhood one kind, affectionate
family. It is a financial institution. It
seeks to obtain for its members tho
highest price for their products. It
looks to the good of all. It learns how
and when the price can be obtained. It
cuts the Gordian knot which has bound
the fanner to the middle man, who has
absorbed tho chiof profits of his labor.
It buys the necessaries of lifo where
they can be got cheapest and best. It .
throws its protecting arms over and
around all, and weuld make them more
DR. H. BAER,
WHOLESALE AN*f) RETAIL
131 Meeting Street, Charleston, 80. Ca.
R. BAER keeps a complete assortment of
everything that belongs to hia branch of
business; and makes a specialty of Trusses, Ab
dominal Supporters, Elastic Stockings. Shoulder
Braces, for ladies or gentlemen. Also Mag
neto-Electric Batteries. Ilomccopothie Medi
ci ihm ; and Medicine Chests for Physicians or
Families. ?? ?
He is proprietor of numerous valuable reme
dies, and agent for many more. He cordially
iuvitea orders from his country friends,
npril 16, 1873 ?> 8 Cm
Geo. S. Hacker
IDoors Basil, "Blind
rHIS IS AS LARGE AND" COMPLETE,
a factory as there is in the South. All work
manufactured nt the Factory in this city. The
only bouse owned and managed by a Carolin
an in this citv. Send for pricg list. Address j
' QEO. S. HAOKER,
Postoffice Box 170, Charleston, S. C.
Factory and WarcroomsonKing streot oppo- j
site Cannon street, on line of City Railway,
Oct. 30 ly
SASHES AND BLINDS,
Mouldings, Brackets, Stair Fixtnres, "Build
ers' Furnishing Hardware, Drain Pipe, Floor
Tiles, Wiie Guards, Terra Cotta Ware, Marble
aud Slate Mantlo Pieces. ?
Window Glass a Specialty.
?ST" White-Pine Lumber for Sale.
Circulars and Price Lists sent free on applica
tion, by . P.P.TOALE.
No. 29 Hayho and 33 Pinckney street,
oct 1-ly Charleston, S. C.
FRESH SUPPLY OP GOOD
OXESof FRUIT CAKE, CORN HILL
Lemon and milk Biscuit.
1CASE of Original Deviled Ham, a great
relish for the sick.
^ CASE of Lemon Sugar
IpRESH Salmon and Ixibstor, Sea Foam and
Hopsford Baking Powder.
REST FAMILY FLOUR,
SUGARS and COFFEE,
For sale CHEAP for Cash.
JOHN A. HAMILTON
May 29, 1873 15 tf
.Wo will give men and
BUSINESS THAT WILL PAY
from $4 to $8 per day, can bo pursued in your
own neighborhood; it is a raro chance for those
out of employment, or having leisure time;
flrls and boys frequently do as well as men.
Address J> LAT%VM <& CO.,
292 Washington St, Boston, Mass.
Sept. 4?1873 20 Ot
F. H. W. BRIGGMANN
HAS just received n full supply of MEW SPRINO GOODS, and
CONSTANTLY ONJjLAND a full lino of r>ry OoodS of aU kinds. He on-ers
Needed by everybody, at low; rates, consisting of BOOTS AND SHOES, GBOCEB1ES,
HARDWARE, HATS, &c., &i\ ALSO,
The BUTTON-PIOLE BEW1NC1 MACHETE, (whicli took first Premium at last County
Fair,) for which ho is Agent.
Call and see for Yourselves.
? also agent for the
..A. OPortable I>TJ]ViaP and SRRINKLEiB. ,
April 1u, lo/o . 3 tf
IN MEDICINES QUALITY IS OF THE FIRST IMPORTANCE.
B. J.'OLIVEROS, M. D,
Dealer in Drugs, Medicines, DRaints, Oils, "Var
nish, Non-Ex.piosive Lamps, Garden
Seeds, ?fcc. &o. &o.
PRESCIPTfONS prepared with accuracy and fidelity, for which purposo a full and com
plete assortment of PURE CHEMICALS and GENUINE DRUGS will be constantly
LONG Experience-?a successful business career of more than eight years in Orangeburg.
and a rood knowledge of the DRUG MARKET, at Home and Abroad, will afford
a sufficient guarantee that all goods sold or dispensed at my Establishment will be GENU
INE and RELIABLE.
Appreciating tho success which, in the past, Iura attended my efforts, I have deter
mined to spare no pains to merit a continuance of the patronage so liberally bestowed/
e. j: oliveros,
No. 100, Russell Street,
Orangeburg C. H., S. C.
Feb. 27, 1873, 2 ly
DR. A. C. DUKES,
Dugs, Medicines, Chemicals, fins Toilet Soaps,
FANCY HAIR ANP TOOTH BRUSHES.
P REUMR Y AND FANCY
TRUSSES -AJSTD SHOULDER BR?.OE8,
grass and garden seeds, pure wines and liquors,
for medicinal purposes, paints, oils, var
nishes and dye stuffs, letter-paper,
pens, ink, envelopes, glass,
putty, NON -explosive
OIL lamps, &c, &c,
Physicians Prescriptions accurately compounded, -?a
BARGAINS, IIA RE BARGAINS!
J. W. Patrick/&. Co.,
RESPECTFULLY CALL THE ATTENTION OF EYERY ONE DESI
rous of obtaining *
B ARQ AIN8,
To the fact that they are now offering, and will continue to do so for THITY
DAYS, their stock of
DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, <fec.
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES, IN ORDER TO MAKE ROOM FOR THGIR FALL
stock. \ve keep theCELEBRATED STAR SHIRT. ;
Guaranteed to FIT and "WEAR better than any other; Measures taken and made to order.
We expect to increase our
And continue to mrko it a SPECIALTY, where ^.n be found any and every VARIETY desira
ble, from the BEST HAND MADE to the more common grades. Consult your own interest,
before purchasing elsewhere, by inspecting .our slock.
J. W. PATRICK &, CO.,
March 20,1873 28 ly BuseelT Street, Orangcburg, 8. C.
The Citizens' Savings Bank
OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Will pay 7 PER CENT INTEREST on SPECIAL DEPOSITS and 6 PER CENT on SA\
INGS DEPOSITS compounded Seini-annuajly.
Local Finance Committee.
Hon. TIIOS. W. GLOVER.
Col. PAUL S. FELDER.
Capt. JOHH A. HAMILTON.
1 . JAS. H, FOWLES,
mcli 19-ly Assistant Cashier.
LIFE INSURANCE AGENOY1
Insure your life in tho
PIEDMONT AND ARLINGTON LIFE INSURANCE 00.
This is tho largest and most prosperous of tho Southern companies.
/ JAS. H. FOJVLES Agent, at Citizen's Savings Bank.
GEN. J. B. GORDON, Prcndent. W-S\flQWSi ,
GEN. A. H. C0LQU1T, Vicc-P,c*idcnl C. F. McCAY, ConsulUng Actuary.
BRANOH OFFICE OF
ASSETS, January. Isfe., 1879, $1,941,947 40.
BLACK ?& WARING, J. A. HAMILTON,
General Agent. Agent at Orangeburg, 8. O
?? VOSB & XZLAR.
p, WHOLESALE AND ?ETAll* 1
g ^RUSSELL STREET, (NEXT DOOR TO BAFHST CHTJRC&
43 Having turned our attention exclusively to ?
'S ? o
? We are confident money can be saved by buying from us. 'w
*?j ?@f Goods Delivered. -??a
gc October 2,1872, 4 ly g
W. P. RUSSELL &. CO,
(Post Office Box 197.)
DOOR, SASH and BLIND Factory?MOULDING and PLAINING MILT*
Hanufacturera of Building Material Generally,
DRESSED FLOORINO; CEILING and WEATHER BOARDS, MOULDING FOR
BUTLDIN" ^TRPOSES IN GREAT VARIETY; NEWELS, BAND
RAII 3 AND BALLU8TERS, WOOD-TURNING and
OOD and Substantial Work made an cheap at this establishment as can be made in the Urf
V? ted States. Wo have on hand the largest stock of the above, South of the city of Baltimore,
all of which, wo guarantee will give entire eatisfactior, to all who want good and sal
The subscribers are the only practical mechanics?Sash, Blind and Door makers?by trade,
carrying on the business in the city of Charleston, and can refer to gentlemen all oVer tab State,
Georgia, North Carolina and Florida, as to the character of their work for the past twenty .years.
NOTICE.?On account of the manner in which we' box- up Our work, and our assumption ?f
the risk of breakage of Glass with ordinary handling, our goods are shipped ever the roads in
this State at HALF RATES, which is a great saving to the purchaser of oor work.
tti,?? n^?, , nW. P. .BUSSELL & CO., Ckarlest?, B.a
HENRY G. BETSILL, (at Ricas' Carriage Shop.) Ormgeburg, S. C.
Juuo 12,1873 17 . i ftn
CfEORGE H CORNELSON,
I WOULD RESPECTFULLY INFORM MY FRIENDS AND THE
Fublic in general that I am receiving and have ready for their in
spection now, the MOST ATTRACTIVE, LARGEST and . '
BEST ASSORTED Stock bf SPRING GOODS
over offered in this market. Any one
who will take the trouble will
readily convince him- "
self of this
? . ? . fftCt
As space will not permit me to enumerate all the different
?* ? ? ? .
branches*, I can only state that all arc fully replen
ished, and I invite every one to call in
and examine for himself. Goods
shown freely and with- '
out charge. *
CEO. II. CORNEL-SON.
May 7th, 1873, 12 v
The undersigned having formed a co-pnrtnBrship under the name of FOWLES A
GLOVER, offer their services to the community, as AgentsTor^h^cSide^or purchase
of Real Estate, and for collection of Rents, &c. . JAS. H. FOWLES,
JULIUS GLOVER, | At Citizens' Savings Bank.
At Law Oflicf of Glover Glover.
We offer for salo:
A now and beautiful residence In Or
angeburg, on East side of Railroad, with
fine outbuildings, garden, &c.
ONE Plantation of Five Hundred
Acres, on Sautce River.
A plantation near Fort Motte, 500 acres, -
with dwelling and outheuses m good coh-1 on Amelia, (New) Street?-a desirable
dition?water power on the. place. | ouilding site.
ALSO, a*, a Bargain, 340 acres X150
cleared) within } m?e of Rowo'a Bridge ;
1J miles from Rowefs Pump Depot,
ONE Building Lot in the town of Of
Lot belonging to Presbyterian Church
Insure your Dwelling, Storo or Stock of Goods in the
LIVERPOOL, LONDON AND GLOBE INSURANCE CO
Capital, $20,500,000 in Gold.
This company paid over threo (3) millions at Chicago fire, and over ono (1) q
million at recent lire in Boston.. JAS. H. FOWLES, Agent.
Kirk Robinson '
Books, Music and Stationery, and Fancy
A T THE ENGINE HO USE, '
ORAKGEBURG, C-H., S. C.
?"*FFIOE OF SOUTHERN EXPRESS CO.
Freights intended for the 8:80 Down Train
must be left at tho ofBoe of tho Agent the day
before, oa may be brought to tho train on the
morning of leaving, where they will be yts?
ceived. Other freight received as twuab
JOHN A. HAMILTON,
July 10,1873, & ' |if