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To the Surf Ivor's Association, at Anniver
sary of 187?.
(Still I mirthful mood and stifle idlo jest.
Ask not for mockery of souls possessed,
Of hallowed thought. The prayer suppressed,
80 long, hath fragrant promise still,
To soothe the breast.
Hushed be the din; from care's enthral release
TIub Bolemn scene. Throw a restrained sin
As calm aa IIcro'b rest. Oh let the peaco
From gybes and bitteracss en free.
This hour's short lease.
.And o'er tho glebo of consecrated earth,
?Pile laureled heaps, as high as martyr*) worth,
And cypress strew, for Fame that had its birth
In freedom's fall 1 The life though brief was
Ere it went forth.
The dinted shield, neglected lies apart,
And glaive no more out ready sheath doth start.
The" trumpet's blare, the grappling hand?the
All sleep; the rest of never ending truce.
"Well done; their part.
Adown the track of life's uncertain way.
Hope wearied prys, amid the gloaming gray,
And pilgrim like looks long for distant day,
That night defers, and darkness mantles o'er.
With gloom alway.
Yet falter not; the march we tread is just,
Truth must be tiuth ; though trampled to the
Forward I guide right; in God he all your trust,
They fell for Eight, and, falling, spurned the
A GR I CULTURAL.
'Agriculture is the General Pursuit of Man ; it
is the Basis of all others, and there
fore, the most Useful and
12 h, 12 ni.lGlh.
1 h, G m. 13th.
? h, 30 m. |21st.
First Q'tr. |G h, 51 in. |28lh.
Sux Rises., Sun Sets.
0.15. I 5.12.
0.10. I 5.12.
0.10. i 5.11.
Humus and Fertilizers.
The Southern Cultivator publishes a
communication calling the attention of
planters who have used commercial fer
tilizers to the condition of their crops,
with especial reference to any difference
observable in the size and growth of the
cotton-plant in the same field, manured,
eulivated and in all respects treated
alike, or on land which, to superficial
-observation, appears to be the same in
different fields. It is desirable to know
why the same amount of fertilizing pro
duces a much better effect on one field
than on another, both seeming to casual
observation to he the same in quality.?
Giving his own experience in the matter
the writer says:
I rented to a frecdman an old field
which has not been cultivated in lifteen
years. It was utterly exhausted before
it was turned out, and was as poor as it
could be. It grew broomsedge until the
pines sprang up, and then the grass and
pines grew together. My cattlg ran on
it. The frecdman cut down the pines,
plowed tho land twice with a scooter,
and with a small plow made what he
called. beds, and in shallow furrow:
made with a scooter, scattered about 150
pounds fertilizer to the acre, and upon it
dropped his cotton-seed, and covered
with a board. On an adjacent field of
tho same quality of land originally, but
which had been kept in cultivation, and
manured every year, I planted cotton,
plowing deep with a two-horse Dodge
plow, and applied 200 pounds of amrao
niated phosphate, with ten bushels rotten
cotton-seed to the acre, and cultivated
Tho frccdman's cotton is better than
Because his ground had vegetable matter
derived from the broomsedge and fine
straw, of which my field had been de
prived by cultivation. I conclude,
therefore, that fertilizers put on land, no
matter how liberally, without a duo sup
ply of humus, thai is, vegetable matter,
is thrown away.
And tho complaints we often hear of the
worthlessncss of the fertilizer is due to
Experiments during two years obvi
ously point to the fact tbut manures
having carbonaceous matter in the form
of humus act better upon the soils desti
tute of vegetable matter, such as a large
proportion of southern soils, reduced by
repeated cropping in corn and cotton,
both of which tend to humus destructoin.
The commercial mauuro acts chemically
upon the soil which has little but mine
rnl elements left, and the result is often,
especially in dry seasons, disastrous to
crops. But homo composts net both
chemically and mechanically. The con
ductors of experiments enn draw a lesson
from them that they plaily show the ne
cessity of either a rational rotation of
crops, including small grains and rest, or
a resort to turning under green . crops,
such as peas and clovor.?Agricultu
A Quaker's Recipe for Keeping Eggs.
Being a subscriber to tho Lady's
Book for very many years and liking it,
I send theo tho following receipt for
keeping eggs for wiutor use. One can
commence packing them now while eggs
are low. It is called "Brook's receipt."
One pint of alum, ane pint of unslackcd
lime, to a bucket of water ; allowing it
to remain all night, stirring it well. In
tho morning, look your eggs over care
fully, seeing that they are all fresh and
sound ; place them in a largo jar, pouring
tho mixture over them. Then cover
them over with a number of newspapers,
then a musliu cloth.
I have seen sixty dozen put up this
way, and they keep elegantly. If theo
thinks it is worthy of a place in thy in
valuable book, I shall ho pleased to see
it among tho receipts.
OLD LONDON DOOK GIN.
Especially designed for the use of tho Medi
cal Profession and the Family, possessing those
intrinsic medicinal properties which belong to
ah Old and Pure Gin.
Indispcnsabloto Females. Good for Kidney
Complaints. A delicious Tonic. Put up in
cases containing one dozen bottles each and
sold dv all druggist, grocers, &c. A: M. Millin
ger ei Co., established 1778, No 15 Beaver Street,
8OR 10 White Laborers to work at Shingle
Factory, near Howe's Pump.
For particulars apply to
M. A. BLAND,
Rowe's Pump, S. C.
Oct. 10, 1873 35 8t
THE EXERCISES of this Academy will be
returned on Monday. September 1st.
Boys ace prepared for College or business,
and young ladies given a thorough course of
The male and female departments arc kept
strictly separate, except during tho recitation
of classes which are composed of both.
Terms, (per month).
CLASSICS - - - - - - $4 00.
ENGLISH. 3 00
We tender our thanks for the liberal patron
age of the past and trust that we shall merit a
continuance of the same in the future.
JAAfES S. HEYWARD,
STILES R- MELLICHAAtP,
july 31?td Teachers.
OFFERS a VARIETY of LADIES' CON
GUESS and LACE GAITERS, small sizes
and below Charleston prices.
Misses' and Boys' Shoes, sewed and pegged.
Serge and Goat Buskins for tender feet. Gen
tlemcrfs dress und heavy shoes.
A variety of goods among which nre
Fruit Cake, English Crackers,
Crushed and Brown Sugars, (very low.
Milk Biscuit, Fruits and Fish
In Cans, Nuts, &c,
Coffees, raw and parched,
Chocolote, Borma, Cocoa,
Essence of ('ofleo, Lard,
In Bulk, Cans and Pails.
Deviled Ham, Sea Foam,
Bacon, Sides and shoulders.
Condensed Milk, English
Crackers. New No. 1
Mackerel, Self Raising Flour
Irish Potatoes, Best
Family Flour, and an invoice of
BLACK SEED WINTER OATS.
JOHN A. HAMILTON
May 20, 1S73 15 if
$20. THE BECKWITI1 $20.
PORTABLE FAMILY SEWING
ON THIRTY DAYS' TRIAL,
With Strength and capacity Equal to any, Itc
gardlcss of Cost.
rpilE Cloth-Plate is the size used by a $100
X Machine is of Polished Plated Steel. At
tachments of proportionate size and quality,
while the entire Machine has corresponding
finish throughout. Braider, Embroider, Guide,
Hemmer, Gathorcr, four sizes of Needles, ci:c.,
arc given with every Machine.
NO TOILSOME TItEAD 0>" THE TREADLE.
Every Machine Cart felly Tested and fully
BECK WITH SEWING MACHINE CO.
Near 17th St. and Union Square, 852 Broad
wav, N. Y.
July 17, 1873 ' 22
F. II. W. BGIGGMANN
HAS just received a full supply of NEW SPRING GOODS, ana
CONSTANTLY ON HAND a full lino of Dry GoodS of all kinds. He oflcre
Needed by everybody, at low rates, consisting of BOOTS AND SHOES, GROCERIES,
HARDWARE, HATS, &c., &c. ALSO,
The BUTTON-HOLE SEWING MACHINE, (which took first Premium nt last County
Fair,) for which he is Agent.
,rJall and see for "STourselves.
ALSO AGENT FOR THE
A. Rortable DPTJMJ? and SPRINKLER. f
April 10, 1873 8 tf
IN MEDICINES QUALITY IS OF THE FIRST IMPORTANCE.
E. J. OLIVEROS, xVL B,
Dealer in Drugs, IVEediciiies,' Rain.Cs, Oils, Var
nish, Non-Explosive Darups, Garden
Seeds, <fec. &c. &o.
PRESOIPTTONS prepared with nccuracy'nnd fidelity, for which purpose a foil and com
olete assortment of PURE CHEMICALS and GENUINE DRUGS will be constantly
LONG Experience?a successful business career of more than eight years in Orangeburg,
and a good knowledge of tlic DRUG MARKET, at Home and* Abroad, will afford
a Builicieht guarantee that all goods sold or dispensed at my Establishment will bo GENU
INE and RELIABLE.
ArrnKciA/riNO the success whieb, in the past, baa ntlended my eflbrts, I have deter
mined to spare no pains to merit a continuance of the patronage so liberally bestowed.
E. J. OLIVEROS,
No. 100, Russell Street,
Orangoburg C. H., S. C.
Feb. 27, 1873, 2 ? ly
DR. A. C. DUKES,
Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals, fine Toilet Soaps,
FANCY HAIR AND TOOTH BRUSHES.
PERFUMERY AND FANCY
TOILET ARTICLES, ;
TRUSSES .AJSTD SHOULDER RR A .OES,
GRASS AND GARDEN SEEDS, PUKE WINES AND LIQUORS,
FOR MEDICINAL TURPOSES, PAINTS, OILS, VAR
NISHES AND DYE STUFFS, LEITE R-P A PER,
PENS, INK", ENVELOPES, GLASS,
OIL LAMPS, &c, &a,
j&?r Physicians Prescriptions accurately compounded.
TWENTY PER CENT., BT BUYING 1
SEGA RS, and
KNOWING HOW DIFFICULT 'TIS TO PURCHASE PURE LIQU
ORS, I have just received n fine assortment; consisting of
GIN, WINES, eye.
I have also on band a large quantity of Augusta FLOUR, D. S. SIDES and
D. S. SHOULDERS, SUGARS, COFFEES, TEAS, and everything else in the
Special attention is given to SEGARS, of which I have a large lot on hand.
CALL AND HE CONVINCED.
C. D. KORTJOHN. ,
Nqv 20, c31 W
The Citizens' Savings Bank
OF SOUTH CAROLINA
ORANGER ?UG BRANCH
Will pay 7 PER CENT INTEREST on SPECIAL DEPOSITS and ? PER CENT on SA\
INGS DEPOSITS compounded Send-annually.
Local Einance Committee.
Hon. TITOS; Wj GLOVER.
Col. PAUL S. FELDER.
Capt. JOHN A. HAMILTON.
JAS. II, FOWLES,
mch 19-ly Assistant Cashier.
LIFE INSURANCE AGENCY 1
Insure your lifo in tiie
PIEDMONT AND ARLINGTON LIFE INSURANCE 00.
This is the largest and nio.-t prosperous of the Southern companies.
JAS. H. FOWLES Agent, at Citizen's Savings Bank.
GEN. J. B. GORDON, PrmdaU. W. C. M0KRJS, Secretary. '
GEN. A. H. COLQUir, ViccPrmdenI C. F. McCAY; Comulting Actuary.
BKANCH OEEICE OF
TM IUI LIU
ASSETS, January lwt., 1873, $1,241,947 40.
BLACK & WARING, ? j. a. HAMILTON,
(loneral Agent. Agent at Orangoburg, S. C.
MOSELEY & CROOK,
Has Just leceivcd a lot of NICE CLOTHING with a good assortment of
DOMESTIC DRY GOODS, BOOTS, SHOS, HATS, CAPS, CROOKalE
CUTLERY, TINWARE, Ac.
Their stock of Groceries cannot he eurpassed by any in the market for [i
ity and prices.
Call on them opposite Citizens' Savings Bank.
Feb. 13, 1873
VOSS & XZX.AR.
WHOLESALE AN? RETAIL, ^
? SjPvUSSELL STREET, (NEXT DOOR TO BAPTIST CHURCH, p
2 Slaving turned our attention exclusively to
? We arc confident money can he saved by buving from us.
y) JFSy*- Goods Delivered. "X?u
^ October 2, 1872, 4
W. P. RUSSELL & CO.,
CHAELESTON, S. C.,
(Post Office Box 197.)
DOOR, SASH and BLIND Factory?MOULDING end PLAINING MILL.
manufacturers of Building material Generally.
DRESSED FLOORING, CEILING and WEATHER BOARDS, MOULDING FOR
BUILDING PURPOSES IN GREAT VARIETY. NEWELS, E A.ND
RAILS AND BALLUSTERS, AVOOD-TURNlNO and
GOOD and Substantial "Work made an cheap at this establishment as can be made in the Uni
ted States. We have on band the largest stock of the abo\c. South of the city of Baltimore,
all of which, we guarantee will give entire satisfaetior, to all who want gcod and substantial
Thp subscribers are the only practical mechanics?Sash, Blind and Door makers?bv- trad
'carrying on the business in the city of Charleston, and can refer to gentlemen all over this Stat
I Georgia, North Carolina and Florida, as to lhe character of their work for the past twenty yea
NOTICE.?On account of the manner in which we Ikjjc up our work, and our assumption tif
the risk of breakage of Glnxs with ordinarv handling, our goods are shipped over tlie roads in
this State at HALF RATES, which is a great Having to the purchaser of our work.
WS I*. KUSSKI/I , Mi CO., Charleston, S. C.
HENRY G. BET5ILL, (at RlOOS' C arriage Shop.) Orrngeburg, S. C.
Juue 12, 1373 17 6m
GEOEGE H CttKNELSON
WOULD RESPECTFULLY INFORM MY FRIENDS AND THE
Public in general that I urn receiving ;?. -.! have ready for their in
spection now, the MOST ATTRACTIVE, LARGEST and
BEST ASSORTED Stock of g* AX*2j GOODS
ever offered in this market. Any ono
who will take the trouble will
readily convince him
self of I ilia
As space will not permit me to enumerate all the different
branches, I can only state that all are fully replen
ished, and I invite every one to call in
and examine for himself. Goods
shown freely and with
May 7th, 1873,
CEO. II. C'OUNl?L.SO$.
The undersigned having formed a co-partnership under the name of FOWLE" <fc
GLOVEH, oflbr their services to the communityvas Agents for the Sale or purchase
of Real Estate, ami for collection of Rents, &o.
At Law Ollice of Glover & Glover.
Wq offer for sale
A new and bountiful rcsidenco In Or
angchurg, on East sido of Railroad, with
fine outbuildings, garden, &c.
ONE Plantation of Fivo Hundred
Acres, ou Sauteo River.
A plantation near Fort Motte, 500 acres,
with dwelling and outhouses in good con
dition?wator power on the place.
JAS. II. FOWLES,
At Citizens' Savings Bank.
ALSO, a*, a Bargain, 340 acres (150
cleared) within J mile of Rowe's Bridge;
li miles from Rowe's Pump Depot.
ONE Building Lot in the town of Or
Lot belonging to Presbyterian Church
on Amelia, (Now) Street?a desirable