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A Gill CULTURAL.
"Agriculture is the General Pursuit of Alan; it
is the Basis of till others, and there
fore, the most Useful and
Days. .Sun Risks!
Full. 0 h, 10 m. [Id. \Moming.
Jm*1 Q'tr. 11 li; 0 in. 9lh. \Morning.
Now. 1 h, So in. llGtli. \Evening.
First Q'tr. l? h, i!5 ,n?. 123th. Morning.
A Word of Caution.
Winter is relaxing its grasp on the
Lh?the days aro rapidly lengthening
?the sun, rising higher and higher above
the southern horizon, is pouring down
his beams more vertically on the sleeping
earth, which, as the swelling buds and
opening flowers thow, is about to awako
from its wintry* sleep and clothe it
self again in the beautiful garments ot
spring. How touching this annual re
surrection of plai.ts?bow stimulative of
hopes?how suggestive of faith! Uncon
sciously we catch its inspiration?past
fa?';,blasted hopes, arc all forgotton,
and the jright dawn of the year quickly
.unfolds and expands to our enraptured
vission, into golden and fleecy harvests.
Buoyant and elastic the farmer begins
his work. Daily we sec.
-"him at the peep of dawn,
Brushing with hasty (stops the dews away,
To meet the huh upon the upland lawn."
The freshly plowed, clean and smooth
surface of the earth ocliglits his eye.
Even the poor, worn old field, from which
perchance, the pound of pho phoric acid
or ammonia hns been extracted, still well
moistened with the rains of winter, looks
rich and fat, and temps him with a pro
mise it can ne'er fulfill. Ah, these beau
tiful visions of spring! Often have we
luxuriated in them?neither would we
uqw rudely dispel them?it is well they
pass before us. Though never realized
perhaps, they accomplished an important
work iu in human life?cheering and
sustaining and stiengthening the soul
when perchance it passes under the clouds
of disappointment nnd failure.?We
would, however, fill out the picture, by
placing beneath the roseate sky, the solid
earth, with its rugged rocks?wo would
caution our readers against too sanguine
expectations. Now that the crop is to be
"pitched," . judge soberly. How often
.does the farmer make his calculations
thus: so many acres in cotton, so many
, bales? so ninny hales at so much per
pound] so many dollars?pay of hands,
&c., &c, so much?cost of corn, forage,
meat, &c, for next year, so much?lea
ving'a ver^ handsom "balance in hi?'pock
et. The end of the year comes ?drought
caterpillar, &c, have brought down the
estimated number of bales one half?
large crops of cotton in other parts of the
world bring down prices much below his
figures?corn and meat have advanced in
price, and finially, an empty pocket and
an unpaid factor's bill, stares him iu the
face. We submit, is the picture overdrawn
or its occurrence rare? Will our renders
therefore pardon us if, in all earnestness,
we urge them not to venture all upon
the uncertainties of a cotton crop alone;
but to devide the risks between cotton,
corn, oats, sugarcane, rye, barley wheat,
clover nnd the grasses.?Southern Culti
Cow Food, its Preparation, &c.
EDITORS SOUTIIKUN CULTIVATOR:'?A
good "savings bank" for all, may be
found at home, and if invested iu as
hereinafter described, will pay sure. To
make the story short and plain, 1 shall
merely give the process as now in prac
tice by one I wot of. A good cow of
.common stock, with a calf ten months
old had so diminished in her daily yield
of milk, by lstof Deoenuler lust, (without
feed) ns to give only about '2 quarts or
less per day.
About that time feeding begun, the
manor whereof, with the preparation of
the same, is as follows: A common cotton
basket lull of pea hulls, are thrown into a
large bin; upon this is thrown nn arm
full of shucks, and one bundle of fodder
both finely cut on a straw culler; upon
this is thrown a peck of wheat brnn.
This is stirred, and sprinkled with salted
water alternately, until ihe w hole mass is
thoroughly mixed and moistened, when it
is packed and weighted down. This is
done in the morning, and is the next
day's allowance. By night, it is in good
case. Now after toil king, two thirds of
this is given the. cow, und the remaining
third in the morning, after milking.
Besides this, she has all the kitchen slops
an arm full of cabbage leaves at noon;
und iu the c veiling three buckets of fresh
water. This cow kept' irk the lot' all the
time, with shelter from the rain?is milk>
ed, as proviotifely Btated, twice'a day-and
now fields three gallons of milk per day
which for richness, cannot bo surpassed,
and this at a cost of only twenty cents per
day!?the barn being the only article
used which costs money, and 20 cents is
a liberal allowance for that. Bich milk
in winter is certainly worth 50 cents per
gallon, and if ro, hero is a clear profit of
one dollar and thirty cents per day on one
cowl Of cour&e-labor is not counted, as
??In the sweat of thy brow," &c. The cow
alluded to cost thirty dollars, aud I may
say the owner deems the investment a
sate one nt least.
Often do we see heaps of pea hulls and
banks rf shucks thrown ont to rot1?a
nuisance where they lie, and a reproach
to the master of tho premises. Better
save them and invest in the cow "saving
- i a ? mm
SuLi'iiER for Gapes in Poultry,
?M. H, W. Lnmnr writes to the Tribune
that when he was a boy, and big brick
ovens worein use in the South, every
morning when the biscuit for breakfast
were taken out and the oven yet hot,
Sally made up n pone of corn meal (un
sifted) bread, with a heaping tablcspoon
ful of pulverized sulpbcr to the quart of
meal, mixed with water and nothing else
and this was fed to tho chickens and
turkeys morning and evening, and I
never knew one dozen chickens lost with
gapes, as it is known that sulpbcr is dcrth
to parasitical worms. The young turkeys
had a pill of ground black peper given
each morning when they appeared droop
in<r, until again lively. These pills nre
easily made by adding enough flour to
Tiik Early Kobe?Editors Southern
Cvltivator:?As the time for planting
Irish potatoes is near at hand, your rea
ders, no doubt, would liko the experience
of others iu regards to the Early Rose.
Last spring I plowed my ground deep,
open the rows with a small shovel plow,
then droped my potatoes, viz, three kinds:
Early ltose, Early Goodrich, and Pink
eye, and put a small handful of cotton
seed by the side of each hill. I then
covered with a turning plow about three
inches deep. As soon as large enough I
dug from each variety, and found the
Early Rose cerlasnly ten days earlier
than the Goodrich, and the Goodrich one
week earlier than the Pinkeye. The
Pinkeye I think worthless to cultivate.
The Early Rose was cut to a single eye,
while tho other varieties were planted
Respectfully, L. W. HAMILTON.
mticKS I r
MIE UNDERSIGNED RESPECTFULLY
Inf? :ms the public that he ia now prepared to
furnish BRICKS in any quantity. All orders
will meet prompt attention.
J. C, EDWARDS,
may 1 73 ly
PIANOS AND ORGANS,
Moiitlily Instal ments.
TERMS OF LEASE:
All Payments made on Lease will apply toward*
the purchase of the Instrument lAxined.
Pianos veducd at
$400 to $000 : : $75 advance, $25 monthly.
;">?_'?> to ?'?((() : : 7"? advance, 30 monthly.
625 to 750 : : 100 advance, 40 monthly.
Orqans valued at
$125 to 200 : : $25 advance, $10 monthly
225 to 350 : : 40 advance, 15 monthly
300 to 500 : : 50 advance 25 monthly.
W&y- Partie? who oiler satisfactory Security
??an pay for Instruments in notes at 3, 0, 0, and
12 months' time.
Call and Hud out other inducements offered
iu both Time and (.'ash Sales, from
Ageut for Orangeburg County,
may 22, 1873 14 'tf
SASHES AND BLINDS,
Mouldings, Brackets, Stair Fixtures, "Muld
ers' Furnishing Hardware, Drain Pipe, Floor
Tiles, Wiie Guards, Terra Cotta Ware, Marble
aud Slate Mantle Pieces.
Window Glass n Specialty.
White-Pine Lumber for Sale. ???ff
Circulars and Price Lists sent free on applica
tion, by P. P. TO ALE.
No. 20 Ilaync aud 33 Pinckney street,
uet 1 -ly Charleston, S. C.
F. EL W BRiGGMANN
H?S just received a full supply of NEW SPRING GOODS, and
CONSTANTLY ON HAND a full lino of Dry GoodS of nil kinds. He offers
Needed by everybody, at low rates, consisting of BOOTS AND SHOES, GROCERIES,
HARDWARE, HATS, Ac, Ac. ALSO,
The BUTTON-HOLE 8EWINQ MACHINE, (which took first Premium at last County
Fair,) for which he is Agent. ? '
Oall and see for Yourselves.
ALSO AGENT FOR THE
A Rortablo and SPRINKLER.
April 10, 1873 8 tf
PIRK INSURANCE AGJENCY2*
Insure your Dwelling, Store or Stock of Goods in the
LIVERPOOL, L0KD0N AND GLOBE INSURANCE CO
Capital, 920,500,000 in Gold.
This company paid over three (3) millions at Chicago fire, and ov
million at recent fire in Boston. JAS. H. FOWLES, Agent.
J. E. ADGER & CO.
62 EAST BAY, CTTARLEST?N, S. ?l,
The Rotary Harrow which received premium at the Orangeburg Fair. Also,
the Collins; Watt, and a large assortment id" other Plows, Corn-^hollers, Straw
cutters, Collin's Seweeps, Blanchard Churns, Face pi bur Sweeps, Shovel Plows, Turn
Shovels, Scooters, Bull-Tongues, and Agricultural Implements, generally.
Send for circular.
J. E. ADGER & CO.,
38-Cm G2 East Bay, Charleston, S. C.
THREE (3) Desirable building lots; eneh measuring 34J running feet, and in depth 'over
300 feet. Being suitably located on Russell Street, opposite the store of Mr. C. D. KORTJOHN,
it being one of the principal business streets of Orangebnrg. The said lots can be negotiated for
cither singly or as one parcel.
The buildings on the premises are to bo reserved, and time granted to have tlicm removed
or the said buildings can be purchased singly or iu a whole. Terms reasonable, For
particulars inquire of
E. J. OLIVEROS,
AT DRUG STORE.
ALSO, 107i acres wooded land, five miles from town of Orangeburg.
E. J. O.
Feb. 27, 1S73, 2 XT
CHANGE OF BUSINESS.
BULL, SCOV1LL & PIKE,
Having completed their contracts for the past season; will, for the next ninety
days from Nov. 1st, 1873, to February 1, 1874.
ADOPT THE CASH SYSTEM,
And sell strictly for the cash?No goods delivered until paid for, or produce con
signed for settlement.
Thanking our customers nnd friends, who have promptly settled their contracts
which fell due November 1st. We must now APPEAL to those who have failed
IN PART, and ESPECIALLY to those who are in DEBT for the WHOLE of
their ADYANCEMEMT?and urgently request the PROMPT delivery of that
PORTION of the chop, on the C?sii, as will cancel their obligation in full.
The CONTRACT demands it Tin: TIMES REQClltE IT. We arc compelled to make
these settlements at an early day, in order for another year's operations.
We have a large and full stock of General merchandise, bought at the decline,
ami. We ofleruro goods at extremely low figures, in lo
miliL SCO VIM, & PIKE.
iL ESTATE AGENCY.
The undersigned having formed a co-partnership under the name of FOWLES &
GLOVER, oflcr their services to the community, as Agents for thcSnlc or purchase
of Real Estate, and for collection of Rents, &c. JAS. H. FOWLES,
JU i 1 I'; . 1 ! i 1 > \' I .li. ?1 ( : ' i", 1 h,
At Law Office of Glover & Glover.
Wc olfcr for sale:
A new and hoautiful residence In Or
angeburg, on East side of Railroad, with
fino outbuildings, garden, <fco.
ONE Plantation of Five Hundred
Acres, on Santce River.
A plantation near Fort Motte, 500 nercs,
with dwelling and outhouses in good con-}
tion?water power o p the place.
ALSO, a*, a Bargain, 340 acres (150
cleared) within J mile of Rowc's Bridge
1J miles from Howe's Pump Depot.
ONE Building Lot in the town of Or
Lot belonging to Presbyterian Church
on Amelia, (New) Street?a desirable
Tbo Plantation of Daniel Joynerin
Fork of Edisto, Good dwelling terms easy.
Pacific Guano Company's.
SOLUBLE PACIFIC GUAfrO.
THI8 Guano is how fid well known in all tlie Southern State?, for its remarkable effect* aa
an agency for increasing the product* of labor as not to require ?pecial recommendation froui
us. I*h suo for eight years past 1ms established its character excellence. The large fixed capital
planters may rest assured that its quality and composition is precisely the same as that hereto
J. N. HOBSON, Selling Agent, Charleston, 8. C.
JOHN S- HEESE & CO, General Agent Baltimore.
TERMS?$4t^ cash; $53 time; without interest.. To accommodate planters, they can
order now aud have until 1st of April to decide as to whether they will take at time or cash price,
Where delivered from the factory bv the car load, no drayage will be charccd.
ACID PHOSPHATE, GUANO. BONE, PLASTER, &c. always on hand, quality euarauteed -
J. N. ROUSON.
Dec. Hi 48 3m
"WOULD RESPECTFULLY INFORM MY FRIENDS AND THB
Public in general that I am receiving and "have ready for their in
spection now, the MOST ATTRACTIVE, LARGEST and
BEST ASSORTED Stock of FAXiIi GOODS
ever offered iu this market. Any one
who will take the trouble will
readily convince bim
. self of this
As space will not permit me to enumerate all the different
branches, I can only state that all are fully replen
ished, nnd I invite every one t? call in
and examine for himself. Goods
shown freely and with
GEO. H; CORNELSOtf.
May 7th, 1873, 12 1/
THE CAR OLIJV'A FEE TILIZ ER
Will be Solu-as Follows:
Cash l^i ice-$50 per Ton of 2,000 lbs.
Time IPrice-$55 per Ton of 2,000 lbs.
Payable November I, 1874. Free of Interest. Fricght and Diayagc to be
added. * Its Success is UNPARALLELED, and its stniuinid ii- ANo V
CID PHOSPITAT E \v ill bo Sold as Follows:
Cash Price?$33 per T?n of >2,000 lbs.
Time Price?$38 per Ton of2,000 Iba.
PAYABLE November 1, 1874, Fiee of Interest. Freight and Drayage to be added.
Fou Sale By
I11TL.L., SCOVILL & PIKJG,
ORANGEBURG, S. C.
GEO. W. WILLIAMS k CO,
General Agents,nt Charleston, S. C.
The citizens' Savings Bank
OF SOUTH OA-ROLIISTA.
Will pay 7 PER CENT INTEREST on SPECIAL DEPOSITS and 6 PER CENT on SA\
1NGS DEPOSITS compounded Send-annually.
Ijooal l^inanco Committee.
Hon. THOS. W. GLOVER.
Col. PAUL S. FELDER.
Cnpt. JOHN A. HAMILTON.
JAS. H, FOWI<ES,