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?2 FER ANNUM, y
"On we move indissoiawly firm; God and katurk bid the same.
\ IN ADVANC
OM^GEBURG, SOUTH CAKOL^A, THURSDAY, MARCH 1*2, 1874.
THE OKANGEBUllG TIMES
la published every
t>KA NGEBURG,C. H., SOUTH CAROLINA
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d l* 1.1 us Gi.ovkk.
Feb. 10 tf
A T TOK N E Y A T L A \V.
Office ut Court House Stjunre,
O1at.-1l.u1 ., S. C. ' '
weh 13. ]yr
3 rA Xa A 1 J cfc X) I I \ i *LT?,
A I TC) !< X I . Y S A T L A \V,
Oraiigcburjr, S. C.
J*?. V. I/i.Ai:. S. Dinm.i:.
meli ? lyr
III*.'. I.Kit IN
Bjok?, Mkmc and Stationery, and Fancy
?HANGEBURG, C. II., S. C.
MOSES M. BROWN,
JtAKKKT STKKET, ?UAX?EBUK?, S. ('.,
(ni:xt noon to Stuai:s .t Stkkkt'h mill.)
HAVING permanently located 111 the town,
would respectfully solicit the patronage of
the citizens* Every eilbrt will lie used to give
June 18, 1873 18 ly
rilHE UNDERSIGNED IS AGENT FOR
JL the celebrated Prize-Medal Taylor Gin, of
which he has sold 25 in this county. Also, the
Neblctt A Goodrich Gin, highly recommended
by Col. D. W. Aikcn and others.
On hand. One 50 Saw, and (hie 45 Saw
TAYLOR CS IN.
One 42 Sn?v,
NEB LETT Si GOODRICH GIN.
furnished at Agent's prices.
j. A. HAMILTON.
July 10, 1873 21 tf
Geo. W. Williams. ") t Jamks nttmoK. Jit.
Willi Am BitiNiK. \ \ Fa a nk E.Tayi.ou.
Jos. R. RonKUTSON.J (.Robt.S.Catiicakt.
Geo. W. Williams & Co..
Commission Mo rcl units
charleston, s C.
Williams? Brinie & Co,
Com miss ion Mercliant?i
6ft Beaver St, & 20 Exchange Place, New York.
Liberal Advances made on Cotton and
Produce shipped to us at either point.
POET Ii Y.
Tho flower of Love Lies Bleeding.
BY ntCUAKO II?NRY STODDAIIU.
I met a little maid one day,
All in the bright May weather;
She danced, and brushed the dew away
As lightly as a feather.
She had a ballad in her hand
That she had just been reading.
Hut was too young to understand:?
That ditty of a distand land,
"The flower of love love lies blending."
She tripped across the meadow grass,
To where a brook was flowing,
Across the brook like wind did pass.?
Wherever flowers were 'growing
Like some bewildered child she flew,
Whom fairies were misleading;
"Whose butterfly/' I said, "are you?
And what sweet things do you pursue?"
"The flower of love lies bleeding!"
"I've found the wild rose in the hedge,
I've found the tiger-lily,?
The blue ling by the water's edge,?
The dancing daflbdilly,?
King-cups and pansier1,?every flower
Except the one I'm needing; ?
Perhaps it grows in some dark bower,
And opens at a Inter hour,?
"This flower of love lies bleeding."
"I would'nt look for it," I said,
"For yon can do without is.
There's no meh flower." She shook her head ;
"But I have read about it!
I talked to her of bee and bird,
But she was all unheeding:
Ilet tender heart was strangely stirred,
She harped oh that unhappy word,?
"The flower of love lies blcedingt"
"My child," 1 sighed, and dropped a tear,
"1 would no longer mind it;
You'll lind it some day, never fear,
Kor ad of us must lind it !
I found it many a year ago,
With one of gentle breeding;
You and the little lad yon know,?
I see why you are wei ping so,?
Youv flower of love lies bleeding !
"CIVIL RIGHTS" ILLUSTRATED.
Blight, Despair and Desolali -n, the
Result cf "Equality."
SPKlaVIl OK HON. WILLIAM M. LOLIMNS,
Of NOKTJ.I CAltOLINA, ON Ulli: ''CIVIL
Sir, tl-.e negro i - a clinging parasite.
He looks up to others as his superiors.
He is an inveterate servant. Free him
how you will, enfranchise him as you
may, he still waits for guidance and sub
mits to command. In nil the Southern
?Slates to-day he i.?. but the tool of politi
cal shysters, who prate of his bodily free
dom while they enslave his soul. Even
here on this lloor (and 1 mean ho disre
spect to any fellow-member by Ibis re
mark) he does nothing, he says nothing,
except as ho is prompted by hi.- mana
gers; even here he. obeys the bidding of
his new white masters, who move him
like a puppet on the chessboard.
The old system ol negro shivery, us
once existing in all the States, is forever
dead and buried, and I have no tears to
shed over its grave. 1 always believed it
would como to an end before a great
while, because I .saw it was changing;
and whatever thing changes must die.
There is in the universe but One eternal,
because there is but One immutable. Sir,
slavery has Infilled its mission, which
was to civilize and christianize an origi
nally savage race. It was God Almighty's
school to which He sent the negro to be
trained and developed. Practically, as
human nature is, it seems the only sys
tem by which lie could have been pro
tected, fed, clothed, and cared for, while
gradually acquiring civilization fron? the
more cultivated race in whose presence
he dwelt. This line of remark may seem
digressive, but I adopt it in defence of
my nrttive Sou'h. She is often derided
I for her slow material progress in the
past, und her late social syftcm is de
dotlliccd as the cause. Sir, I have heard
these rcvilings of my people till my spirit
burns within me.
1 stand here today as an independent
and fearless vindicator of the South. 1
hope I shall not be charged with improp
er sectionalism in so doing. Other parts
of the country feel freu to talk of them
selves here. When we were talking of
the centennial celebration yesterday* we
beard Pennsylvania boast of the glorious
events that have made her renowned;
and Massachusetts took up the retrain
and .sounded her own praises, too. They
had a right to do so. But surely if it is
consistent with national sentiment for
some States to boast of their renown, it
cannot be wrong for other States to dc
feud themselves against unjust reproaches.
It was not slavery, sir. which kepi- ih?
South back; it was the presence there of
four millions of men who came to us ac
first utterly untrained savages; and these
we had to govern, train, and improve, as
best wo might. Herein it was our mis
sion to expand our moral and material
forces, and it entailed upon us great bur
dens; for these men were awkward and
unskillful laborers, wheroby our efforts
were of necessity confined to (he coarser
and more primitive kinds of human in
dustry; and thus we si.fibred infinite
material loss. The North, with her skilled)
and educated laborers and artisans, was
at liberty to devote herself to the more
complex and refined industrial pursuits,
with consequently higher profits and
mure rapid growth in inllucnce. To have
freed our slave laborers, and set about
directly educating them in schools, was,
for many reasons, a practical impossibili
ty. If we had freed them much earlier
than they were set free, andtbiown them
on their own resources, they would have
perished in th.-r helplessness. When
they were freed, immensely advanced as
they then were in practical knowledge of
the arts of civilized lifo beyond their orig
nal condition, consider what immense
cost and labor it has required on the part
of this great Government, through tho
machinery of the Freeman's Bureau and
other agencies, to hold that race up till
it got able to stand alone,
While the North, therefore, can point*
to her great cities, her wide commerce)
a'ud her abounding wealth, as the results
of her efforts, may not the South tru'hj
fully say that (be grand work, oiCivili/.-*
nig and elevating a whole race has lieea
mainly hers? I do not claim, nobody
pretends, that the great and benefieient
results which, under Providence we have
thus wrought out were directly und con
sciously aimed at by us with deliberate
purpose. In our dialings with the Afri
cans we were, oi course,mainly prom;.led :
by those ordinary motives of self-interest!
which move human natro everywhere;'
just as were the Yankee slavers who de- j
ported the negro from his native land !
and sohl him to us. He owes none of us. !
North or South, many (hanks. But I
tlv) maintain that his removal from Africa
and temporary subjection in ibis country,
have been the divinely appointed means
of his civilizat ion and Ohristianizntion.
These things sc im so obvious to me that j
1 content mjself with simply stating them
and leaving them for the reflection oi*:;l!
! candid minds.
Neither ought the negro, or ! is soidis
ant friends, to indulge p< rpclual bitter
ness, as if in all those events any wrong
or any strange thing has happened to
him. We may speculate upon the abso
lute right of every human being, under
all circumstances, to liberty and self-con
tr?l. These are fine ahstactions. But
the order of nature and of Providence,
which is practical, seems (<> bo that every
] man, every nation, and every people shall
pass through a stage of subjection' and
pupilage under some superior authority
before arriving at maturity and enfran
chisement. Mach individual man passes
through this stage of youth and subordi
j nation to his parents before he become?
ofnge. The leading of Israel into Egypt
and into bondage v.us as wonderful and
as necessary at their exodus therefrom.
And as for nations, Spain, France, Eng
land, and tho United Stales and all others
I bcliovc, first went through a period of
dependence on some superior power or
mother country before the) reached in
dependence and authonoiny, The negro
race, therefore, in being required first to
serve and to bo protected, and to learn,
has only obeyed a law of human devel
opment, universal in its application.
Looking at what has been done for
him, the negro has perhaps done less as
yet for him. elf and the world than any
other man in history. Ill his own land
he has always been and still is a savage.
Against his own will, the English and
Yankee slavers stole him from Africa
and sold him into (southern servilude.and
na soon as they had done so and got the
money, tagan to roll up the whites of
their e'ywover tho sin of slavery and to
plot for his freedom. Against his will,
the southern master trained him to regu
lar labor and civilized habits, and grad
ually fitted him for liberty. Then in a
grand conflict of arms among white men,
in which bo took no important part, ho
was freed. Afterward white men, volun
tarily, without any effort of his enfran
chised him, made him a voter, aud em
powered him to bold office. As n freemau.
and voter he has put bad mea in power,i
made suffrage a farce, destroyed public
credit, ruined Btatas, and disgraced re
publican institutions; and the return he
makes is to clamor for more power and
more privileges that he may further*
blight and mildew and waste our general
welfare nnd prosperity. Is it not time to
call a half in this wild, negro-toting lcgis
Idtion ? Is it not best to content ourselves
with the ample guarantees which have
been provided to protect the negro in his
rights of life, liberty, and property, and
set to work to seo if we can save the
institutions of the country, the good name
of republican government, and the
cause of human rights throughout the
It is impossible to undo <vhnt has been
done, nnd nobody purposes to attempt
Chat now, nor ever, unless by common
sense and common consent aud by peace
able means. But we can avoid going
further on the down-hill road. Sir, it is
time to recur to the doctrine in which i?
Bound up the salvation of this country?
the doctrine that this is the white man's
land and ought to be a white man's gov
ernment. I wish I nad timer to eview the
ftebord of the great leaders of the radical
party in the first few years after the war,
und show how indignantly they then
[ Spurned the idea of making the negro a
SHifirngcn and political power in this
country. They have long since gono be
yond tfieir^scrupiei then. Party groed
tirid ambition drove them on; and the
same motive pushes them still on"to pro
pose this hysl and most ruinous of all their
measures. If any happy future retrains
for this coun'.ry, it must soon be delivered
from that party and its reckless policity.
This, sir, I repeat, is the white whit -
man's land, and he is responsible for its
welfare. The temple of liberty founded
here, and toward which all the down
trodden nations turn their faces to pray
for deliverance, is committed to his charge;
Let all the gentiles conic, if they list?
Chinese, Indian, Malay, African?aud
worship, and be amply and chivalrously
protected while they worship, in its outer
courts; but the consecrated priest who
ministers at the alter should be only the
whi :e man.
In my opinion this is not the perma
nent home of the negro. He is sojourn
ing her as a school boy under a course
of tuition. lie will graduate after awhile
and leave school, lie is not increasing
I in numbers. By the census reports, the
African rucc in this country, during
every decade before the last, increased
on an average 22 per cent.; during the
ten years fr..m 1860 to 1870, half of
! which period the negroes were in their
former state of servitude, they gained 0.7
per cent, only, much less than half the
former rate, We may infer then that the
!).7 per cent, was gained before l<SP>f>, and
that from then to 1870 (under freedom)
they increased none, but rather declined
in numbers. The overshadowing white
race is increasing rapidly in the laud.- In
! any event, then, the negro will in course
of time be reduced to comparative insig
nifienncc. But for the present he is here
in sufficient numbers, and makes up a
sufficient fraction of the population in
; thirteen states to be a tremendous hind
rance to the harmony and progress of the
South, if this kind of legislation is to pre
vail. But in proportion as the negroes
become educated and thoir pride and
self-respect are developed, they will feel
they ate in a bind where, in spite of all
laws and pretences, the)' arc looked upon
as pariahs and inferior, and they will
pine for a country where they can be the
real, not merely tho nominal, peers of all
Then will come ttbo voluntary exodus,
whether to Central America, or Cuba, or
Africa (moro probably) to carry back
civilization and the Gospel to their father
laud, where the white man cannot carry
it, I will not venture' to speculate, for the
womb of future yet holds these things.
You have heard how this bill, if pas
sed, will destroy our Southern free schools
Not only is that true; it is true, also, that
it will destroy the white Republican
party in tho South. If I desired only
party advantage, and not the welfare of
thn people of my country is in favor of it
all are bitterly against it, and all will
desert you if you pas it. But the evils
which this bill would entail on us are
too great a price to pay for any mere
party success; and I therefore hope if it
comes to a vote it may be voteu down.
If you destroy our reviving froc schools
what is to beet me of u* ? And especially
what is to become of the orphans of our
soldiers? The negroes will faro better
than they. Private schools supported
by northern donations, by Friends, socie
ties, by liberal contributions from negro
sympathizers everywhere, dot our hills,
aud arc liiled with negro children. I do
not complain of this; I rejoice at it; for
I want all educated, by whatever means.
I am an enthusiastic friend of universal
education. It is of vital importance to
the South that her newly enfranchised
race should be well instructed, But our
poor white soldiers' orphans are forgot
ten. No heart has a pulsation for them
except the hearts of their poverty-strick
en living comrads. We are striving to
build up the ruined foundations, and
again to consecrate the moidering shriucs
of learning for their benefit: but in step
the misguided negro and his, perhaps,
well mcnuiug but mistaken patrons, and
say we shall not do so unless we admit
him there too, despite what wo know is
for his good nnd ours ; nnd notwithstand
ing we everywhere psovide for him out
of our free bounty (for we pay all the
taxes) exactly equal, though separate,
privileges of education. If this spall be
forced on us in spite of our protest, surely
the curse of Heaven, in response to the
orphans cry, will smite the kicked, besot
ted, reckless rulers of this country. ?
The masses of the negroes of the
South do not desire this enforced nssocia
t'.oii in churches, in graveyards, hotels,
schools, and elsewhere, They know full
well, especially, that the intimate inter
mingling of the young will deprave our
children and corrupt theirs. It is the
idle, mulatto, paper col'arcd gentry, who
hang around the street corners and study
bow to live without that faithful industry
to which our worthy colored men of the
South devote themselves, who keep up
this agitation. In North Carolina, as in
the other Southern Slates, the whites and
blacks are living together in amity and
concord. In politics only do they differ.
Ill regard to every other matter the black
man go?s to his old white master for
counsel as to his surest, faithfulest and
and most honorable friend. Has he a
littiel money to lay up? "Old master" is
bis most trusted savings bank. Is be
about to make a trade? "Old master" is
bis most judicious adviser. Is be in troit
hie? He flies for protection to "old mas
ter." Is he in court and his reputation,
the all important ques ion, involved?
"Old master" is there ready to swear for
him and stand by him when everybody
else knows he is unworthy. He was
formely faithful to "old master," and
"old master" is ftill faithful and partial
*o him. Such is our universal experi
ence in the South. And natural laws
are gradually scaling all questions con
cerning the proper social relations be
tween the two races ou a practical and
reasonable basis. Why, then, come in
with your theories und experiments, und
oct of mere wantonness disturb our
peace? Shall we never have done with
this empirical legi bit ion? Shall we never
have done with this endangering of our
social and political machinery by sub
jecting it continually to new and unneces
snry strains? Why not leave time to
crystallize the heterog neons elements
and solidify and beautify thcF abric of
our marvolously strange ami novel south
But some may say: "If tho negroes do
hot desire it, the law will be a nullity,
and will give you no trouble." Ah! but
there will always be restless und illinten
tioncd individual negroes to thurst in
the applo of discord among us. Especnlly
will there always be base white men to
prompt them to do so if they need nrompt
In conclusion, I earnestly apjiesftvto"
the majority hereto spare us, under a^
our misfortunes, the tint- Id evils of this
ill deriscd measure. However you may
receive the declaration, I do aver that
we of the South menu well by the UcVrd,
we mean well by you, we mean well by
the whole co?ntrV. By our VotcPrh
favor of the centennial celebrati?ir,*rit
Philadelphia, we have shown oTTr liilereVC1
in the common national gl?fy. By our
recent support of extraordinary nfdi'flbr
the outfit of the navy, in apprchenslon'oft
difficulty with a for, ign powci^wcyhay^
proved our loyal purpose to ns^istj fyf
main lining the national honor and oyr
readiness to march with you in ev*cry^
future emergency untief the ^'ohT* flag.''
We have, beta sorely tried sorely humii
iated. Crushing defeat on the field
above all tilings tries the manhood of a;
people. We can, however,-trecuperate-*
rom that when we remember that it was,
not Englishmen, nor frenchmen nor
. ? . . , ? ,t-fi?/
Prussians, iur it wai only our feIlo\\
Americans iii superior force who did or
could thus overwhelm us. But try us'lib*
further; trample on us no moro ; sport
with cur miseries no longer. Else .yott
will break the spirit of a generous race;
you will quench their manly hope; you
will oblibcratc their pride and ambition;
you will paralyze their patriotism and'
you will doom one half of this glorious
land to pcrpcttiol blight, dispair and
ccsolation.?Day Book. ' ,j
A Husiuxn's Fatal .Mistake.?
llheubcn M. Murdock, a special bfiice^
who does police duty in Greenwood
Cemetery, Brooklyn, shot and killed his
wife, Emma C. Murdock. Ho says; that
his wife started to visit some friends in
Flutbush, with the intention of fitnyjng
all night. Murdock, who was ofi' duty,
remained at home in tho eyeniug.
About half past 9 o'clock bis nttcntic-ri.
was attracted by auoi.se in the yard.
Taking bis revolver, be went into the
ys.rd and saw n finni entering bis cellar
door. He fired, a lid the heavy fall of
the supposed intruder? testified to tbo
accuracy of his aim. Ho rushed to tbo
spot, and was horrified to fidd bis wife,
with v. bullet in her head. Death was
inttaiitancoii', as she did not utter oven
The police and neighbors, were soon
on the spot, aid Murdock was arrested.
The police were unable to find any
evidence to contradict the assertions of
tbe husband, but locked him up pending
an investigation. Murdock is a middle
aged mun and is said to have been at
one lime a captain of police in a neigh
boring city. The neighbors are una
ware of any domestic troubles and those
acquainted with the family belicvo that
tbe shooting was accidental.
A gentleman said that Nantuckethor
ses were celebrated for their general
wortblcssncss imbecility, and marvelous
slowness. Ho said a citizen sold one to
a cavalry officer during the war, and
warranted him to be a good, war horso.
The soldier came back afterwards in a
toweling passion, and said he dad been
swindled. "As how," said the Nantuek
etef. "Why, there's not a bit of go in
him, and you warranted him to be a good
war-horse." "Yes, I did, and by Jove
he is a good war horse?he'd sooner die
A Boston lady, while under morphine
stole a $:>7fi set uf fursj
What kind of essences docs a young
man want when he pops the question I
A lnay editor in Ohio reads all his
exchanges in bed. He finds it the easi
est way to fill up his sheet.
A man cannot see tbe poiut of a joke
when be is at the but.
A Pennsylvania manufacturing estab
lishment has begun discharging men for
telling falsltomls. Tho New York Mail
thinks that this plan, if generally carried
out would bo apt to paralyze the imlusties
of the country.
Portland, ?reganj is a bad place for
thieves. A polia justice recently sen*
fenced a fellow to thirty days imprison
ment in tbe County jail for stealing an
ojg from a grocer.