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A GR I CULT URAL..
"'Agriculture is the Qaxcral Pursuit of Man; it
it the Basis of ?II others, and there'
fore, the most Useful and
Full. |12 h, 2 m. 13(1.
LutQ'tr. 14 h, 14 m. 11th.
K?w. |llli,42 m. ! 17th.
FirntQ'tr. j5 It, 11 ni. |24th. Evening.
Days. .Sun KisEs..Suir Sets
Thoughts for the Month,
By common consent, the South is go
in to raise a largo corn crop this year.
Everybody seems to bo convinced that
(except under peculiar circumstances")
it will not do to raise cotton to buy corn.
The fact thnt the price of cotton mny bo
ruinously low, whilst that of corn remains
high, has been recently brought homo
with terrible force to the ull-cotton men,
and the farmer with well-filled cribs is
envy of his neighbors. The credit system
is quick sand upon which our agricul
ture has been built up since the v^rr,'and
the men without provisions are those
who have erected the largest structures
upon this treacherous foundation. When
ready toibegin the operations of a new
year, they find that men and horses must
be fodJ-Jprovi9ions must he had upon any
terms the merchant may dictate?und
thay-think that heavy debts thus con
tracted can only be paid by planting
heavily in cotton. At the end of the
year, the empty crib and barn, as before
drives the poor wretch along the same
downward path; exhorbitant interest on
borroWed money absorbing all the profits
of pis farm, and in addition yearly mak
ing inroads on his capital, until the mer
chant takes his mules and his implements
and finally his land. The farmer, on the
other hand' who has a supply of provi
sions is perfectly iudcpendnnt?tho mer
chant has no holt upon him. Beyond a
little iron for his ploughs, salt sugar and
coffee, and a little cloth, he is obliged to
buy nothing. He is mnsLer, instead of]
idaveof the situation.?That this is so,
any one cau satisfy himself by inquiring
the condition of tho people in those re
gions of the South, when, either from
soil or climate, grain is more generally
raised than cotton. A gentleman from
Floyd co., Ga., recently informed us that
ho had not hcurd the past year of a
single lien given on a crop in that coun
try, and as our Georgia readers know'
that is a wheat, corn and clover country
?"cotton never holding the leading posi
tion. But to return.
Whilst very properly anxious to raise
provisions at home, let us not forget that
to cultivate corn on poor, unmanurcd
upluud, docs not pay, whilst, on the other
hand, an acre of bottom land properly
muuhged, will yield a very handsome
profit. Where avoidable, not an open
ditch should intersect these valuable
lands, but blind ditches, ov( r which the
plough can run and corn grow, should
be present whenever needed. How often
do we see the best spots in bottom lands
occupied by open ditches, and the briers
a;.d weeds on their margins !
Rotation of Gr?ps.
Editor South lux Cultivator :?I
see that you arc trying to induce our far
mers to adopt some system of rotation of
crops; and knowing as I do, both by ex
perience and observation, that it is the
only means by which our country can
regaiu its "ante bellum" prosperity, I
am anxio is to adci my mile to so glorious
9. cause. I sec that some arc saying
"cover ovor our laud with with compost."
which reminds me of what a farmer of
our land said, who in answer to a friend
who aHkcd him the best method of impro
ving land told him to " stack fodder all
over it."?His friend opened bis eyes and
exclaimed, "Good gracious! where is the
fodder to come from?" 1 would like to
know, where is the compost to come from
to cover over a plantation? I think it a
most absurd notion to think of handling
compost two or three times, and raising
enough of it to "cover over a whole
plantation," when we cau get a fertilizer
much better?at any rale a cheaper one.
it won't pay to hire Sambo at ten dollars
per month to haul litter.
. I will give a better and a cheaper plan
than by composing. Let every farmer
sow one-half of tho land he iptends to
cultivate in cotton ibis year in oats, well
put in, and be sure to fertilize tho oats
(your fertilizer will pay,) and immedi
ately after cutting onts, bow 1J bushels
pens to the, acre, put the pens in well,
and you can pur 100 pounds more fertili
zer per acrt: on tho pens, (you won't lose
it,) and alien the pea vines reach their
full size, turn them uudor well with u
double plough, und there let them remain
until tho spring; run n good and heavy
harrow over tho land, run off your cotton
rows, and distribute -your fertilizer, bed
up and plant your cotton ; and my word
for it, you will make more cottou on the
half of your present cotton land, treated
in this way every other year, than you
hnvo been making on the whole. You
will save one-half of the labor, will hnvo
no more gullied land, and will have your
oat crop extra; will have better teams?
more feed, more pleasure iu life, and will
be a better citizen generally.
And now, Mr. Editor, a little on corn.
Wo must raise more of it; for eveu if a
farmer takes my ndvise about cotton, ho
can't nfford to raise cotton to buy corn
with. We can't a?brd to raise clovor?
it is too slow; wo can't wait for it two or
three years. Let every farmer do away
with clover, and take the common black
pea instead. But now for the corn
plough the land deep aud well, run offl
corn rows on a level, give it some fertili
zer?four feet npnrtis wide enough?
plant one row in corn skip one for peas,
and at the first working of the corn, drill
one half bushel peas per acre iu tho skip
ped rows; cultivate both well with a
fcweep, and cultivate level; and after pul
ling the foddor, with a double plough list
on the pens, covering vines aud all and
let them these remain until next spring;
run a deep furrow over tho pea vinos,
plant your corn in it, throw out the mid
dles immediately, and plant pens where
the corn was, and corn where the peas
were. You will make by this ten bush
els of corn where you made but one. And
you may continue to plant the same land
in corn as long as you live ; and if you
will treat it in this way, will leave it bet
terl>y far than you found it.
? Pea Vine.
Warrenton, "Warren co., N. C, Jan. 10, '74.
TRAVELLERS' GUIDE. 4
SOUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
Charleston, S. C, Oct. 18, 1872.
/ On and after SUNDAY, Oct. 19, the
passenger trains on the South Carolina
Railroad will run as follows:
Leave Charleston - 9:00 a m
Arrive at Augusta - - 5:00 p m
Leave Charleston - 9:00 a ni
Arrive at Columbia, - 5:00 p m
Leave Augusta - - 8:20 a hi
Arrive at Charleston - 4:20 p in
Leave Columbia - 8:40 a m
Arrive at Charleston - 4:20 p m
augusta night express.
Leave Charleston - 8:30 p m
Arrive at Augusta - - 7:50 a m
Leave Augusta - - 0:00 p ni
Arrive at Charleston - 5:40 a in
columbia night express
Leave Charleston - 7:10 p iu
Arrive at Columbia - 0:30 a m
Leavo Columbia - - 7:15 p in
Arrive at Charleston - 0:45 a m
sum m er vi lle tea! n.
I Leave Summorvillo - 7:25 a m
Arrive at Charleston - 8:40 a m
Leave Charleston - 3:10 p in
Arrive at Sunimervillo at - 4:30 p ru
cam den branch.
Leave Cnmden - - 0:50 a in
Arrive at Culuinbia - 11:50 a m
Leavo Columbia - - 1;50 p m
Arrive at Camden - 3:35 p m
Pay and Night Trains connect at Au
gusta withMaeon and Augusta Railroad
and Georgia Railroads. This is the
quickest and most direct route, and as
comfortable and cheap as any other route
to Louisville, Cincinnati, Chicago, St.
Louis and all other points West and
Columbia Night Trains connect with
Greenville and Columbia Railroad, and
Day and Night Trains connect with Char
Through Tickets on sale, via this route
to all points North.
Camden Train connects at Kiugvillo
daily (except Sundays) with Ihiy Passen
ger Train, and runs through to Columbia
A. L. TYLER, Vicc-lVsidonf.
S. B. Picltens General Ticket Agent.
T. B, BOYS^S
One door west of Cornelson's, has the Largest
and Cheapest Stoek of ROOTS and SHOES
ever oflered for sale in Orangehurg.
also a full stock ok
CANDIES, SEGARS, TOBACCO &c
The id ?OVO poods will he sold to the purehaser
ami hard times. All he wishes is a Call and
a Fair trial heforc puschasing idsewhero.
Nov. \Zt IS73 ?'J ly
THE OLD DRUG HOUSE REVIVED,
WITH an ENTIRE NEW STOCK of FRESH and CHOICE GOODS,
HARRAL & PELZER,
167 MEETING SREET, - CHARLESTON, S. C.
Successors to the Old Establslicd Houses of
HAVILAND, HARRAL & CO., Charleston.
HAVILAND, RISLEY & CO., Augusta, Ga.
HARRAL, RISLEY & KITCHEN, New York.
Mar. 5 1874 3m
LIFE INSURANCE AGENCY!
Insure your life in the
PIEDMONT AND ARLINGTON LIFE INSURANCE 00.
Thts is the largest und most prosperous of the Southern companies.
JAS. H. FOWLES Agent, at Citizen's Savings Bank.
FIRE INSURANCE AGENCY ?
Insure your Dwelling, Store or Stock of Goods in the
LIVERPOOL, LONDON AND GLOBE INSURANCE CO
Capital, 120,500,000 in Gold.
This company paid over three (3) millions r.t Chicago fire, nnd over
million at reccut firoin Boston. JAS. II. FOWLES, Agent.
DR. E. J. OLIVEROS.
jMIaniiftictLirer and Jobber,
Drugs Druggist Sundries Sponges &c(
OFFERS FOR SALE A COMPLETE STOCK OF
DRUG GEST ARTICLES
PROPRIETARY Medicines, Perfumery, Sponges, Corks, Paints, Oils and
ALSO A BUPEUIOR ARTICLE OK
GREEN AND BLACK TEA.
All Orders Promptly nnd Carefully Executed at
DR K J OLIVERO'S
????????????MBaMWWW I-...?-.. mmwa??a???
J. E. ADGER & CO.
62 EAST BAY, CHARIJ:STON, S. C,
The Rotary Harrow which received premium at the Orangcburg Fair. Also,
the Collins, Watt, and a large assortment of other Plows, Corn-Shellers, Straw
cutters, Collin's Scweeps, Blanchard Churns, Fncqubar Sweeps, Shovel Plows, Turn
Shovels, Scooters, Bull-Tongues, and Agricultural Implements, generally.
Send for circular.
E. ADGER & CO.,
33-0m 02 East Bay, Charleston, S. C.
GOODS Of ALL KINDS OEFERED
AT AND BELOW COST;
At .1. McNAMARA'S,
4^* Call nnd satisfy yourself that I am in earnest.
The undersigned having formed n co-partnership under the name of FOWLES it
GLOVER, offer their services to the community, us Agents for the Hale or purchase
of Real Estato, and for collection of Routs, &o. JAS. II. FOWLES,
At Law Ollicc of Glover & Glover.
We oll'cr for sale:
At Citizeus' Savings Bank.
A new* and beautiful residence In Or
angchurg, on East sido of Railroad, with
fino outbuildings, garden, &c.
ONE Plantation of Five Hundred
Acres, on Santee River.
A plantation near Fort Motto, 500 acres,
with dwelling und outhouses in good eon
lion? water power on the place.
ALSO, a*, a Bargain, 340 ncres (150
cleared) within J mile of Rowe's Bridgo
14 miles from Rowe's Pump Depot.
ONE Building Lot in the town of Or
Lot belonging to Presbyterian Church
on Amelia, (New) Street?a desirable
The Plantation of Daniel Joynerin
Fork of Kd isto, Good dwelling terms easy.
HORSES AND MULES
The Best and Cheapest Stock
DE^rer OfFored on tliis Market-.
FOR SALE BY
BOTH SADDLE AND HAENESS.
Call and Examine this STOCK for yourselves. Kow is tho time to buy Cheap
Stablesin rear of Vose & Izlar's store.
Pacific Guano Company's.
SOLUBLE PACIFIC GUANO.
~ ? .... ??'
THIS Guano is now so well known in all the Southern States, foruts remarkable effect* an
an agency for increasing the products of labor, as not to require special recommendation from
us. I*b suefor eight years past has established its character excellence. The large fixed capital
invested by the Company in this trade allbrds the surest guarantee of the continued excellence
of this Guano. The supplies put into market this season are, as heretofore, preparod tinder the
superintendence of Dr. St. Julien Rnvenel, Chemist or the Company, at Charleston, S. C. ' Hence
planters may re.-t assured that its quality und composition is precisely the sa'ne as that hereto
?T. N. ROJ3SON", Selling Agent, Charleston, S. ifj.
JOHN S. REESE & CO-, Geucroi Agent Baitimbre;
TERMS?$4:8 cash; time; without interest. .To accommodate planters, they cau
order now and have until 1st of April to decide as to whether they will lake at time or cash price.
Where delivered from the factory bv the ear load, no drnyngc will he ebareed.
ACID PHOS I'llATE, GUANO, I'ONK, RLASTKR, &e.alwavson hand, quality g?iarantc?<d.
Dec. V 4s 3) a
WOULD RESPECTFULLY INFORM MY FRIENDS AND THE
Public in general that I am receiving ar.d have ready for their in
spection now, the MOST ATTRACTIVE, LARGEST.and
BEST ASSORTED Stock of F AM, GOODS
ever offered in this market. Any one
who will tako the trouble will
readily convince him
self of this
As space will not permit nie to enumerate all the dim*rent
branches, I can only state that all arc fully ivplsa
ished, and I invite every one to call hi
and oxnmine for himself. Gqotbj
shown freely and vvith
May 7th, 1*7:1,
m \J m i\ y
THE CAROLINA FERTILIZ ER
Will me Sold as Follows:
Cash HPrico?#50 per Ton of 2,000 lbs,
Time l?ric?~~ -$55 per Ton of 2,000 lbs.
Pnynblo November I, 187-1. Free of Interest. Frieght and Draygae to bo
3d. Its Success is UNPARALLELED, and its standard is A No 1
VCin PHOSPHATE will be Sold as Follows:
Cash Price-$33 pQr Ton of 2,000 lbs.
Time Price-$38 per Ton of 2,000 lbs.
PAYABLE November 1, 1874, Fico of Interest. Freight and Drayageto bo added.
For Sale By
BULL, SCOVILIj & PIKE,
ORANGEBURG, S. C.
GEO. W. WILLIAMS & 00, i
General Agents, at Charleston, 8. C.