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title: 'Orangeburg times. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1872-1875, April 16, 1874, Image 3',
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?KANGEBUKO, S. C, ?Ptt. 16,1874.
STEPHEN B FOWLES,
EJMtlMR AND MJStNESS MANAGER.
LAftSSST CIRCULATION IN THE COUNTY.
Vg^. tile are in no way responsible for the views
Of opinions of our Correspondents.
Our friends wishing to have advertisements
tuMrtod in the TIMES, must hand them in by
Tuesday morning, 10 o'clock.
Henceforth, all legal Advertisement*
of County Interest, whether Notices or others,
will be published for the benefit of our leaders
whether they rue paid for or not.
OUR CAUSE IN WASLIN010N
To day we will hoar what action Con
gress intends to take about the corrupt ion
in South Carolina. We have been ably
represented, W:raen' are worthy pf
tap boon done by them^thathumau fore
sight and intelligence could accomplish.
As a matter of course the Radical press
of this State been down upon the move
ment, saying that it will be unconstitu
tional and unheard of, if Congress grants
any relief; we grant that it will bo un
heard of, for wo very seldom hear of
honest men getting their dues nowadays.
The constitutionality of tho proceeding is
well sustained by Col. Richard Lathers,
in a letter to tho Washington Chronicle,
his arguments are conclusive. He says:
The duties and rights that grow out of
Governments and people are reciprocal.
If the citizen makes war on the Govern
ment it is treason. If the Government
violates the trust is abdicates ib? power.
And I can hardly believe that Congress
trill aid iu fixing an evil on the people of
0 State, by uny refinement of State rights
or abstract construction of the organic
Jaw, to aid a government in which it is
acknowledged that invention seems to be
exhausted in contriving abuses. Prece
dents can not be relied upon to guide us,
because history does not furnish a paral
lel to the power and effrontery of the pre
aent rule existing without restraint in
bring up the constitution, when they have
been going against it for the lost six
years. We had thought that the consti
tution! like honesty among public officials
played out. If Congress docs order an
investigation?which is all we want?we
will have some hope, but if not, it will
merely he a question of time when we will
have a good government. We need a
change in the State government; this
stealing is getting monotonous, and we
Would like to have a good government,
just to see how it would work. Our only
chance is to get good Immigrants?not
the scum of Castle Garden?to help us
out of our difficulty, and we can get them;
if we go about it right, by offering them
good inducements to settle here, treat
them well, and try and make thera com
Reply to "Clio."
OnANGEuuna, S. C. Apl.12,1874.
Editor Orantjebury Times:
I did not expect that my letter, pub
lished a few weeks ago in the Times,
would lead to an answer from any scurce,
1 .inasmveh ns the views therein contained
I believed to be the reflection of truth
itself. In your issue, however, of the 9th
inst, I discover n rejoinder signed "Clio,"
which, I presume, being interpreted,
means "The muse who presided over
history," or tho name formed from the
four letters used by Addison in writing.
However, with yout permission, Mr.
'Editor, I shall review haitily the points
made by "Clio" against my position, and
convince him, if I can, that I am right
and that he is wrong.
In answer to my assertion that the cob
ored men have been fooled, "Clio" says :
"In the first plnce the negro is not the
fool some take him to be. He is much
more of the knave than the fool in every
respect. lie upholds this thieving gov
ernment, by no means, through innocence
or because ho is fooled into it, but he
does it wilfully, nnd because he believes
he will be benefited by it. He believe*
that high taxation will finally break up
the white farmer, and throw the lands
into his hands, and be intends on this ac
count to uphold it. lie has no thanks
whatever to bestow upon tho thousands
who have, of their own accord, divided
up, and sold their lands to lii.n."
The nbovo is unfortunate for"Clio,"for
I assert that the co'ored people have been
duped in many instances. I- do not mean
that portion of limn w">o nrr ofliee seek
era, but t?v great laboring mass of tnem;
the untutored, hard* working, honest
cornfield laborers. As* them, nnd thsy
will, in nine cases out of fau> declare that
they have been most shamefully betray
ed in their confidences, ancf design ben
ding their every effort in the coming
struggle to better the condition of our
country, and to lighten the burden of tax
ation. " Therefore I say that it is unfor
tunate, 88 well as unfair, to set all tho
blacks down as "knaves," which means
nothing more nor less, than that they are
Jogues and rascals. There is not a work
ing colored man in this county who will
tell you that he would have voted for
Moses, H?ge, Cardoza, had he foreseen
the heavy weight of taxation which their
administration has brought upon the peo
ple. Indeed, that portion of our citizens
are not the ouiy ones taken in by the
fair promises contained in the Moses plat
form. Many of the leading white Re
publicans, if I am correctly informed,
have been deceived, and arc heartily dis
gusted with the par$,thjay tfiojfi injthqjaa^
election. It is unfair, then, to accuse all
the colored peoplo with upholding a gov
ern raept;thiit oppresses them i as well: as
,the .whites. In answer to "Clios" opin
ion that they countenance high taxation
because "it will break up the white far
mer," I have only to refer hira to the
anathemas uttered by them against tho
"powers that bo," during the recent col
lection of taxes. "Who were louder with
curses of disappointments and censure
than the blacks? Who made the tax
gatherer afraid to put his head out of
his office window ? The "knaves" or the
white taxpayers ?
"Clio" says, "he", the black man "has
no thanks whatever to bestow upon the
thousands who have, of their own accord
divided up and sold their lands to him."
In reply to this I must modestly insist
that my euphuistic opponent is either
misinformed on that score, or means to
be severely ironical, or, to make a strong
point, abandons himself wholly up to his
At this point, Mr.Editor, Clio's "epis
tie" reminds mc somewhat of Tennyson's
''Eagle," except that there is an idea of
grandeur and sublimity-inspired by the
former, while an unenviable sense of
awkwardness pervades or characterizes
the assent and descent of the latter.
But to return. "Clio" says the blacks
h^v%Wo^,ne1?oil TfoV/ day" after day,
through the rays of a burning sun, if it is
not that he may make money, by the
"sweat of his brow," wherewith to pay
the land owners a fair price for his little
farm? Why does he forego the pleasure
of purchasing himself a horse, wherewith
to make his labors less? Because he ha*
not yet finished paying up the mortgage
which hovers over bis horne.;t;ad like r.
hawk over a chicken roost. Why docs
he toil unremittingly during tho day in
the corn and cotton fields, nnd spend half
of the night in cutting and peeling pine
poles, out of which he hopes to construct
a rude cabin for his family to live in?
Because he wants to save his money and
pay the last dollar he owes to the man
"who, of his own accord, divided up, aud
sold hira land"?
This is the ''thanks" he renders, and
this should afford ample satisfaction to
all parties, especially these hard times.
Does "Clio" think that the blacks will
ever have any confidence in tho whites,
or their professions of friendship, when
men'of his inteligenco boldly declare
that ' it is no longer a question of party
in South Carolina,, but one of race"?
What is this but telling them at onco
that they need not look for advice, assj*
tance, co-operation or friendship from the
white man; that one race is arrayed
against the other, and that each one must
look out for itsalf? I seriously deprecate
any such doctrine as this.. Its advocacy,
by any one, will produce no good, while
much ovil may result from it. Docs
"Clio" know that just such ex pressions as
the one quoted, drove the colored people
away from the Reform party of 1870? Is
he endeavoring to bring about tho same
feeling of distrust again? Does he desireto
make the blacks hate the whites? God
I say Mr. Editor, that it is time for ue
to forget our petty prejudice*, nnd look
at the deplorable condition ofSouth Car
olina. Our first duty is to her, nnd it is
idle to devote time to the discussion of a
question which it were best to forget.
Rave her! isxthe watchword. Impractical
ideas and impractical measures, aa I said
in my last letter, are ruinous t<> our pros,
perity. I have respect for the cherished
ideas of all men, especially those who
cling with pathetio tenderness to the dayB
when they ruled South Carolina; but
beforo tho onward march of the new civ
ilization, they must rest quietly in that
retirement where tho events of tho day
have consigned them. The bickering
agents of Northern politicians, and their
opposition to1 take part in tho Govern
ment after the War had declared them no
lunger ffflawr, led to the petty intrigues
which have cursed us on the one hanu,
and to ti haughty indifference on the part1
of the old rulers. I do not say that they
are ambition's honored fools, but I do
say that we can Very well rspn.ro -them
from any further management of the
country which their folly made i theatre
if contention and strife. In their blind
hess they desired to pave their way to
greatness with human hearts and human
gore. Who is responsible for thk exalta
tion of demagogues to office and me depo
sition of merit and worth ? * iA "Clio"
answer the question to himself.
.So far as cumulative voting in concern
ed, I believe the idea was conceived iu
wisdom, and will yet obtain in this
country. No right t hi -iking man will
oppose the system, and the sooner it shall
be adopted the belter it will be for the j
All sober-minded men should condemn
jthe following utterance of "Clir?s,":
' jr"j\VVmust look to our own pockets nnd
energies, and never cease sacrificing nnd
'working, until we inuko the whites out
number the blacks."
The ignorant colored man will regard
this extract in no other light than that it
contemplates his exile from home, or a
curtailment of his political ntid civil
rights. Otherwise, why put your hand
in your pocket to overcome his voting
majority. I'm afraid that such a policy
if pursued, will make his breast suspicion's
sanctuary, even against those who "think
as kindly of him" as "Clio." But after
all, Mr. Editor, his letter is paradoxical,
and I dismiss him with the hope thnt he
will improve as ho grows older.
I have done. Rbtuuoax.
Tho New York Tribune says editorially:
"There is now at Washington a '^delega
tion of men from South Carolina-charged
with the duty of denying the^-charge
made by the Tax-Papers' Convention.
That Convention sent its representatives
to Washington with a series of distinct
and credible allegations against the man
agement of the Stale finnnccs; tho aid of
Congress is sought in an attempt to reform
the Government and save the State from
utter bankruptcy. The anti-taxVpoyers'
delegation, as wo may so call them, say
that the others are rebels; that they spell
, negro with two tr's. nnrl ni??? *id?rir
I -.v,? au uuu 06 represent?rt. I go men
who thus seek to belittle the jnfosion of
the tax-payers' delegation arc led by B.
F. Whittermorc, a carpet-bagger, who
was expelled for selling a cadetship. If
anything more were needed to fix the
character of theso men, it may bu addod
that the rank and file of them belong, or
have belonged, to the State Government
of South Carolina?a Government which
l.?fl bven made up vf the worst thtSfcs uV*
plundorers that over infested any commu
nity. Congress may not be nblo to do
much for South Carolina, but the appear
ance there of such a bund of marauders
as those who protest agaiust reform is a ?
pieee of brazen impudence und unparal
leled effrontery." i
<&f\fl SIXT.Y DOLLARS REWARD Will
fjj\?\? bo paid for the recovery or mich in
formation as will lead to the recover^ of the
following stock stolen; One norrel MULE with
flax colored mane and tail, and white nose:
another, a dark bay, thick ?et Mule, badly rub
bed on hind legs; the third, a small, dark,mouse
colored Mule, with zebra marks on legs. These
mules were stolen from Cooper River, Charles
ton County, on the 13th of last month, and are '
conjectured to have been run off in this direc
tion- JAS. S. HEY WARD.
OFFICE CO. SCHOOL COMMISSIONER
OnAHQXBuaa Co., S. C
Notlco is hereby given: that in accordance |
with An Act entitled "An Act to provide for
Ute establishment and support of a State Nor
mal School, approved Feb'y, 1873, a Free Pub
lic Compentitive Examination will be held at
this Office on Monday the 20(h instant, of all
parsons desirous to become Pupils of the State
Normal School. The Examination will!bo
conducted in the same manner as Examinations
for Third Grade Teachers' Certificates. To
secure Admission into the Junior Class of the
Normal School, the applicant, if a male mast [
be fifteen (15) years of age, and if a female four
teen (14) years of ago. To enter an advanced
class the applicant must bo proportionately
older, and before entering all applicants will Ve
required to sign tho following declaration.
"We hereby declare that our purpose in enter,
ing the State Normal School is to fit ourselves
feu iho profession of Teach/injr, and that it in otrr
intention to Engage in Teaching in the Puhljp
Schools of this Slajc." j
Teachers holding Second and Third Gradp
Certificates may he admitted from tho State n|
FRANK R, McKINLAY,
County School Cofnnumonei.
upl U 1
ORANGEBURG, S, C. March 31, 1874.
THE undersigned have this day formed a1
Copartnership, under the name of WILLCOX A
WOLFE, for the transaction of a Tin, Stove and
General Merchandise business.
T?WNSEND I). WOLFE
We ara o flexing our Guanos for (hin seobon on
the following liberal terms:
PHCEHIX G?A?O, PerToneT 2,000 n>s$&7,50.
WILCOX, GIBBS & CO/0 MANIPULATED
GUANO per Ton of 2,000 lbs, $70.00.
($1.00 per ton drayago to be added.) On credit
until 1st November, 1874, with
Option of paying in Middling Cotton, deliver
ed at buyers' nearest depot at 15c per lb.
A discount of $10.00 per ton trill be allowed
Our Agents throughout tue State seil at same
price.*? and on same terms as ourselves.
Hand in your orders tc nearest agents, atone*.
WILCOX, GIBBS & CO.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Feb. 5 3m
GO TO TEXAS
LONE STAR ROUTE! .
(International and Gr.hatNojitiiep.h R.R.)
Passengers going to Texas via Memphis and
Little Rock, or via Shrevcpori, strike thin line
at Longview, the Best Route to Palestine
Hcame, Waco, Austin, TfuhtsvHle, Houston,
Galveston and all points in Western, Central,
Eastern and and Southern Texas,
Passengers via New Orleans will ind it the
Best Route to Tyler, Mineola, Dallas, Overtoil,
Crockett, Longview and all points in Eastern
and Northeastern Texas.
This line is well built, thoroughly equipped
with every modern improvement, including
New and Elegant Day Coaches, Pullman Pal
ace Sleeping Cars, Wcstinghouse Air Brakes,
Miller's Patent Safty Platfcrms and Couplers;
and nowhere else can the prssengcr so complete
ly depend on a speedy safe and comfortable
The Long Star Route has admirably answer
ed the query: '*How to to go to Texas?" by tho
publication of an interesting and truthful docu
ment, containing a valuable nnd correct map.
which can be obtained, free of charge, by aci
dressing the General Ticket A gent, Internation
al and Great Northern Railroad, Houston,
Texas* District E.]
AT THE NEW FA IK BUILDING.
TERMS PER MONTH.
English with classics.$1.00
A NIGHT SCHOOL, over Store of Cnpt.
Hamilton. Same terms. Hours from 8 to 10 p. m.
JAMES S. HEYWARD,
JOHN A HAMILTON,
THE MARKET STREET STORK.
HAS JUST RECEIVED A SUPPLY OF
At lowest market rates for Cash.
JOHN A. HAMILTON
May 29, 1873 15 tf
IN CASH GIFTS,
TO BE DISTRIBUTED BY THE
Mercantild Prize Asgoclarion
OP NE"*V YORK
daily Drawings! 11
A PRIZE FOR EVERY TICKET.
1 Cash Gift, $100,0001 75C.G.,*.ich, $1,000
8 " each, 60,000 300 " " 500
12 " " 25,000 200 " " 200
20 " " 5,000l650 " " 100
400 Gold Watche-j - - - $75 to 300
275 Scwin; Machines ? ? - 60 to 150
76 Elegant Pianos - - . 260 to 700
50 " Melodeons - - 50 to 200
Cash GiAs.Silver warc,etc..valued at $1,600,000
A chance to draw any or the above prizes for
25 cents. Tickets describing prizes are sealed
in evclopes and well mixed* On reoedit of 25
cents r. sealed ticket is drawn without choice,
and sent by mail to any address, The price
named upon it will be delivered to the ticket
holder on payment of qne dollar. Prises a*e
immedlately wa\ to, any fldiU-pss by express px
You will know what your prise is before you
pay far it. No blanks, Our patrons can depend,
on fair dealing,
Of f.StONS of the Press.?Fair dealing can
be relied on*?AT. Y. Herald, Aug, 23. A gen?
nine distribution.? World Sept, 9. Not one of
the humbugs of the day,? Weakly Tribune, July
7. They give general satisfaction.?Staate Zci:
tWiHt A"g- 5.
References?By kind permission we refer to
the following;?Flapklin S. Lane, Louisville,
drew $13 000. Misa Hatt|e Banker, Charleston
$9000. Mrs. Louisa T. BJake, St. Paul, Piano.
$0000. Samuel V. Raymond, Boston. $5,500.
Eugene P. Brackett, Pittsbufg, Watoh, $300,
NJiss Annie Osgood, Now Orleans, $600. Emory
L. Pratt, Columbus, Ohio, $7000.
One Cash Gift in every package of 150 tickets
fuarantepd. 6 tipkpts for $1; ll for $2: 25'for
3; 50 for $5; 150 for $15.00
Agents wanted, tn whom we offer liberal in
dneemcnts and guarantee satisfaction. Send all
money exceeding one dollar by express
Address, JOHN. C. HAMILTON &Co
Apr. 9-3ra 24 Pine St. N. Y.
OF THE . .* ?
SOUTHERN LIFE INSlTKAWfeMCj<*#
MEMPHIS, TENN.,. Jaimsw>y T,-i8#4i-'
January 1st, 1873?deducting premiums not reported:
income for the ykak 1873.
Premium Receipts and Interest.
disbursements for the year 1873.
Dcnth Loss and Dividends.......
Purchased Policies, Tuxes, Commissions, Advertising,
Salaries, atid nil other expenses
Assets January 1st, 1874.
Net Value on Policies in force and ou losses reported
to the Company.?'..
Surplus to Policy Holders.
; 82,777,092 76'
Southerjl Life Ir^uW^ W^oW^l
j. A: morris,
Atlanta; ad., Maireiil,
In order that our patrons may be kept fully informed relative to the security -and progress of"
the Company, on which thousands are greatly relying for the future welfare of the families, we
take pleasure in submitting the foregoing statement,' which we trust may be as satisfactory to'
them as it is gratifying to ujl.
During the year 1873, the income of the Company was $4,043,249,70. whilst the total outgo
of the Company for the same period was $529,060,41, leaving the net inoome for the year $1,114,
183,29, augmenting the assets of the Company to $2,248,020,35, January 1st, 1874. f he entire
liabilities of the Company, at same date, embracing the reserve on'policies in force and losses
reported and maturing, amounts to $1,70,943,385. which, deducted from assets, leaves a ?umbin..
an to policy-holders, of $304,640,09. ... ' ?
In view of the monetary panic during the four last months of the past year, at n.timc,'toov
when onr receipts should be the largest, it is a source of satisfaction to the Ynanagcmeukand a
gratifying evidence of confidence of onr patrons, that the Company is among the few'jtbat shows
increase of business and assets. Commencing the past success of the Company' as, an earnest of
continued prosperity, we earnestly .solicit the cooperation of our patrons in extending our btipineks
and usefulness A. H. COEQUlTTi Vice President.
HAGOOD & TREUTT.IN, Gcul. Agts. Columbia; A]k 2-2rm
ii .-.- - -- ^- ?' - ??'????- j
COME ONE COME ihi
AND EXAMINE MY FINE STOQK-OF?:. " '
BOOTS AND SttO?'^"
WHICH I am now offering to My Patrons at very reducedroten. >lty buying dlredG&Sjm tilo
Manufacturers, I mn nSte to Sell a FINE SHOE at a -wry low price.- "I Imve ?ty;.Sty'.es of.
SHOES to suit the pu.- baser. " >
IN addition to my ShoL-Store, I have a Select .Ajtwortimint of" - ;.* ' -
Fresh Gr o c erie?j;
Whic' I am offering Ijow Down.
Nov. IS, 1873-ly
IF voir w*^ti. -,,v
Cio To ALEERC0T1TS BAKERY
IP YOU WANT
0? To * ],BKRGOTT1 7? B? K Ei RTf.
f P you want anything it ihc Bakery Lineiujrii ns
GO TO T. W. At?ER?OT^i^ > # *
Apr. 10 1*74 tf
??li 111! II?? I llll M.
MONCY.TIlVlt -<8t- LABOR SAVED
BY USING OU^[ - .
TIN T E P W H IT Ii- EI A D S
FOR OUTSIDE ANtP INSIDE PAINTING.
amn^ cuiinr no r.rv hR rir.QiRP n
mixed READY for IMMEDIATE application
BUI LDERS and CONSUMERS
will CON SU lt their inte r e sts BY te STlNG the' ] j
SUPERIOR MERITS, of this PAINT II
the-trade supplied on liberal te rm s. 1
MANurACTUredby.w^-m>:b| p D O-^^ 1
For Cheap Tobacco,
At 8 plugs for $1.00
At 0 plugs fur 81.00
Go to store of ?*
John A. Hamilton.
A Southenl Souse.
GBO S HACKER'S
BOOBS, S A SH And
King, Opposite Cannon Street,
Charleston, S. C.
The only house of the kind in this City owned
and managed by n Carolinian.
A Largo Stock always on hand, aud sold
at 20 per cent, less than Northern prices.
Geo. 5. Hacker
Charleston, S. C
P. O. BOX 170. Oct. 30? ly
SUttarJ Mirble Mm Um; Moor Wj9??3
tt?pWkit, Fair, ^htfIb<yUpA*&
lh. h all & co,
Thi? cut entered according to Act of Congr*.
in the year 1873, bj I, II. Hall & Co., in'^o*
office of the Librarian of. CongrQPs,*at Wut'
ngton* .; * "r~'