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ORANUEBUIt?, S. C, JUNE 11,1874.
LARGEST CIRCULATION IN THE COUNTY.
Bg**. B1? are in no way responsible for the rieics
W 0pinion$ of our Corretpundenta.^
?V friends wishing to have advertisements
IfiMTttd in the TIMES, must hand them in by
ffeesdfty morning, 10 o'clock.
Ho?cefortli. all legal Advertisements
?f Connty Interest, whether Notices or others,
~, j- will ht published for the benefit of our leaders
whether thoy arc piiid for or not.
?B13 q q 0i J ? i> j}A*OS iBDi
.?fiiia Jhja.itode?gned^have'this drty'sold the
,- . oflice; ??material and good-will of the
1 ': ? Orangebu rg Times to 1 Mr., G. \y\
ihIc%hitehead, who lias been Publisher of
the, paper for some time past, and wo
: bespeak for .him the continuance of
r. ttiftoi patronage of our customers. Mr.
Whitehead has given ur the assurance
ub/J?bat thci tttHik will continue to be true
"^felfe^ui bo will exeijt.eyery,
otuwi^ijif Papof a welcoine
., weekly ylsiwir . to the family, and a first
iii class advertising medium. All contracts
3 %ith advertisers litthd subscribers will
our County, which represents the views
j... of a large majority of our taxpay ing
Jno A. Hamilton,
Jas. H. Fowles,
, ; Orangeburg, 8. C, June 8,1874.
\1 ISU ?M?VS> tJ H WdVA ? WVS? ?14?
continue unchanged. Again we invite i
1 continued support of the only organ it
? !:TO THE\PATRONS OF THE TIMES.
Having purchased the entire outfit, and
? goodwill1 of the Orangeburg Timjls I
present a claim to the support aud sym
pathy of all, i(who must have acknowl
. . edged its . aim in the past to have been
entirely on the side of honest rule, and
against corruption) I propose to make
'' the Times an organ for the public good,
collating matters of interest to the Mer
. chant, tho Farmer, and the home circle,
sfod its counsels shall be for reform
Against the abuses of the day. Standing
'"alf tliu pTtfJti*^Iues upon its uuh niuitaV
without ''public pap," it relies upon the
patriotism of true men to hold it up. Its
columns arc open, to communications npou
any subject tending to edify, and its voice
will encourage a tone of morality, consis
tent with its past record. A careful
review of the market reports will be made
weekly, and the farmers column will be
supplied to our. best ability. Relyiug
upon the hope of success, I appeal to the
taxpayers p? Orangcburg to sustain their
paper. G. W. WH1TEHEAD.
. ill Pine^Grove, June 6th 1874.
Mr. Editor:?Do you know that we
Jhave's.tearaerg; running the Santee River?
\If ;,SP they, have not patronized the
TiM.i:n in advertising their line. Well,
1 will tell you of the one that runs up as
(high as the Buokpam JLanding, (The
Clarendon, commanded by Captain JiW
.t^r). She makes; regular trips, onco in
three weeks, or as near as she can. She
is a light draft boat?drawing about
three-feefc-^and capable of carrying sev
Or^lutbdred bale* of cotton, and makes,
would suppose", about twelve knots an
iiour, perhaps more with the current.
Captain ? Foster ' is a favorite with the
popple, jandjbaa, been running the river
pcveral years; ,and to show the young
fp'ts as well as the old that he appreci
ates pleasure, he gave a general invi
tation to the ladies and gentlemen, that
he would give them an excursion from
Buckingham Lauding to Wright's Bluff,
and back as soon as he could. So the
time came, and when he arrived at
Wright* Bluff, die dispatched a messen
ger up to let it be known that ho would
bo at Buckingham on Tuesday, 26th
of May, and the steamer would leave
precisely at eight o'clock, The an
nonncement was made at Pine Grove
church, and many a heart was mado
glad, as several had not seen a steamer.
Others had not had the pleasure of aride
on ouo. Somo said, "I wlTr not ride on
the boat, I am afraid &rTe--will sink." I
told them there was no danger, and they
ru??t.go an) how, and take the little ones.
As tho day approached, they began , to
think more of it? and finally concludad
to go and pee tho boat, as they had new
seen one. Tho day for tho excursion
came and found them prepared to go to
the river, add before the sun rose a great
number were on their way to the eight.
We drove in linste to get a good placo for
our steeds, and nindo everything secure
for the day, all fixed as wo wished, we
went down to the steamer, and I saw, In
stead of long faces, all wore smiles; even
to C?pt. Foster met us with his usual
smiles and made all feel quite at home.
As so?h as we reached the deck of the
steamer, the time for our departure soon
came, and none refused to tske passngo,
as they had seen something quite difier
cnt to that which they expected. After
leaving Buckingham we stopped twice
before reaching i the Bluff. Whoa we
reached there wo landed, and the Cap
tain said that lib would continue the trip
to Pittckney's Landing, some distance
below. We were* soon under way again,
and soon steamed down to the Landing,
and without making any halt rounded
too'and back for Wright's Bluff, and
when the steamer made fast at her landing
thero it was half-post one o'clock, ebon' j
all disembarked and a table made, and |
the baskets, boxes, <5ic, with the "pies'n
thing*" were ^heaped upon the board,
and I tell you, such a pic-nic as we had.
Every one had their baskets, &c, well
filled with such as made appetites leave,
and when' all had satisfied themselves'
there was plenty left for almost ns many
more, and our party was not so small;
we had about two hundred all told. The
day was clear nnd warm, with a good
breeze, and the Captain had a plenty of
ice water which we drank freely. Every
thing passed off without anything hut
pleasure, and I must say that I never
Baw such general satisfaction on such an
occasion before. Some of the young
folks had a little stamp round after the
music of a violin; others enjoyed a social
chat, and all enjoyed the trip hugely.
Captain Foster has a pet monkey on
board, which became quite a favorite
with the little folks; I noticed that he
liked good things, too such as ice-cream,
take, &c, aud could even take a lump of
ice. We saw an alligator lying on the
bank of the river"and I heard some one
say that was the first they had ever seen.
[ wish they could go down on the St.
Johns, or other rivers, they could tell
something about alligators then. Well,
Mr. Editor, I fear I will weary your pa
tience; and I will let you kuow when we
lave the next excursion, so that you can
tee our port of the country, and enjoy
yourself on our Santce excursions. May
Japtain Foster's shadow never grow less,
in ft may ho "f.ajfot." tUm ?TM-1-? -*?-?
nany years to come. B. A. J.
'What I Know" the Grange Gan Do.
Ma. Editok:?There is a good time
joining. The Grange movement is the
greatest invention of the ngo; we will
liave a glorious time shortly,and oh! won't
ive be happy then. Certainly the world
is improving. The Grange is now com
ing into operation; persons of all ages are
uniting themselves with the order. They
xrc all happy, or they live on hopes of
being so at some future day, at any rate
Lhey affect to be, for I heard some young
ladies of about 46 years and 6 months of
age, a few days ago, say, thrt shortly
they expected to send through tho
Grunge to the North, and get some young
men for husbands. Is this not a great
thing girls? Besides sending North to
get husbands, I am told that a lady
Granger can get hair pins at a great re
duction in price, and many other such
things as that that ladies use.
It is of grent importance that we all
should attend to this matter with earn
estness, persevering and untiring efforts,
together with a .self-reliance on our owu
Come one, como alii and lets join the
Grange* There is great things to be
done. Young ladies, I appeal to you;
you are the ones to take this mutter in
band and carry out the point. Young
men, you mnst lend a helping band too,
you are to be bencfitted as well as the
fair sex. Join the Grange, all of you,
you can get wives so much cheaper that
way than any other, as tha'. is tho main
thing it was intended for, from the fact
that you can send out North aud got a
beautiful wife for almost nothing. Or
if you do not prefer a yankee wife, you
can send to Europe to some Province
there, say Italy, and get you a first class,
I. H. L., number one, genuine, pure bred
Italian famly wife, and then you will
havo a companion tho balance of your
days, in happiness, peace, harmony, and
contentment, and I am sure you will
never regret taking the step you did.
A few words to you, old bachelors.
You have never realized a married life,
you havo always been without any one
to cherish and comfort you in your
troubles and trials, or to help you to re
sist the temptations that often hang over
your pathway of life. Take hohl of this
matter in earnest and secure y?tn long
wished for treasure! Maids (meaningM
of course, those who are advanced inH
age), you who have lived so long in ufyciM
iguorairce, or without any knowledge* ofl
tho pleasure that must necessarily sprin J
from married life, come now and nid w
this work, and it may he that you will
yet realize the happiness of which j?o?
have been ignorant.
, And now, a word to all. "InfUnionH
there is strength;" let ua unile oujselvcsfl
together in this great work, let "progress'
bo our motto. All who contemplate
living happy in the future must make
some prepaiation for it. Come forward,
one and all, and tho time will yet comcM
when wo can congratulate ourselves on
QUID NUNC. ?
P.S.?Tho reason why I am so inte
rested is because I want a wife myfl^SM
and I intend to join as soon as I OUM
work a month or two and get som ?
money. _ Q. Ni^J
B A Good Opportunity tor Land Owners.
I Dr Wm. F. Barton the President of tho
I Ornngeburg Agricultural and Mcchah
I ical Association is now on a visit to
B friends and relatives in the west of
H England. At a meeting of the Board
IB of Directors held shortly before his dc
H par tu re, he introduced the subject of ob
I tabling additional labor, nud kindly
I offered to further any plan for the encour
flagemont of foreign immigration that
fl might seem practicable. After a con
IsideraMe diseussiou, the Board resolved.
I in accepting his suggestions and assis
B tance, to recommend the plan set forth in
fl this article to the p'ahters and land
I owner." of Orangeburg County.
Tho west of England teems with a
I thrifty and industrious farming popula
8 tion, such ai would be especially valua
fl bio in our sparsely settled County.
I Many are actuated by a spirit of Euter
I prise, and are desirous of trying their
B fortuues in the New World across tho
In England, the nverago wages of a
I common farm hand is about ?18 per
I year, say in our currency $100., with
B food and lodging found: for a servant
B woman, to attend to a dairy, cooking,
I washing, &c. about ?12 per year (say
B $06.): for a boy, or half-hand, say 850.
B par year, and found as above. They
B live in the samo house with their employ
I cr, have special sleeping apartments, and
I take their meals in the kitchen. Their
I food consists principally of wheat bread,
I cheese, beans irish potatoes and meat,
B with beer or cider. They seldom use
fl oither tea or coffee, a kind of light beer
H which is made in that country being
I their usual beverago instead.
It is the custom of English farmers to
I employ one man, one woman and one
fl boy as servants, who live on tho premises.
I Tho majority of the laborers live in cot
I tagea near the farms where they work,
B for which cottage they pay rent from ?2
to ?6 per year, according to size and
convenience. This is in our money, fr?re
81 to $3 per month. They hire then
services to the formers by the day oi
week, andduiing tho busy season com
mand the following wages, viz : Goo*1
hands in harvest time from 16 to 24 shil
lings per week, say 85 to 87. ' Mower*
j get from ? to 6 shillings per day, snj
$1.6(X for a days work. Women during
harvest get about 18 penco per day,
about 45 cents. These wages are paid
only during the busy season!?aftei
harvest time, and during the wintei
there is very little demand for Agricul
tural labor. Undordraining, hedging
and ditching, and breaking up lands
when tho freezing will permit, are about
all that con he done in winter, outside of
the regular work done by the permanent
hands on the farm, who are generally a
man, a woman and a hoy, as above
A great deal of attentien is paid to
sheep raising: good shepherds get steady
employment at about 14 shillings a week,
say 8375, with extras duriug lambing
The principal products arc hay, wheat,
oats, rye, barley, irish potatoes, turnips
The foregoing sketch, from data furn
ished by Dr. Barton will give a general
idea of the probable expectations of such
laborers, should they come among us to
seek, employment and homes..
It is to he reracmbeved ihot the climate
of England like that of the Northern
States of the Union, does not admit of
field labor but for a part of the year; and
it will be noticed thatlaboiers are paid
moic or less, according as they aro en
gaged for a single day, a week or a longer
period. The wages ore sometimes paid
in money, sometimes partly in money
and partly in so much beer or cider; in
other respects laborers by the day or
week find themselves. It is to be pre
sumed that in a climate such as ours,
whereby steadier employment for a
longer season may be assured, that tl e
wages would be proportionately let's per
week or mouth.
The Bonrd of directors propose to their
fellow citizens of Orangeburg County to
send on to Dr. Barton, any commuid
eation in writing, signed by a responsible
party, making a distinct proposition fur
the employment of laborers, leasing ol
lands, selling of hinds for cash or on
time, giving of lands in consideration of
the settlement and improving .of the
hmds giving, working on shared -or, 4?
fine, any proposition which any land
Oi.:'^r or planter may see fit to make.
Dr. Bi.-^u offers to submit the proposal*
sent on tos?"'t cf the English laborers as
arc thinking of co.ming to country,
to enlighten them as to any :~ "fters they
may may desire to know, and t<? i...ke
enquiries as to the character and merit?
of such as evince a disposition to give
South Carolina a trial. He will remain
in England until about tho last of August
and it is desirable that every one, who
wishes to embraco this opportunity,
should prepare his statements and pro
posals by tho first of July, so that they
can be forwarded in good time.
Dr. Barton himself expects to engage
one or two families: and the Board would
suggest that it might work well for two or
three land-owners in tho same neighbor
hood to unite in this enterprise,and each
offer to employ, or otherwise to provido
for the locating of, at least one family.
In this way, two or more families will be
near each other, and there will be more
chnncc of their settling permancutly
among us, as they will not feel so isolated
when they havo some of their own peo
ple near by.
The undersigned will take pleasure In
forwarding any communications which
may be handed to them, and in giving
any further information in their power
concerning the subject.
F. H. W.' Brigomann.
Jacob G. Wannamaker,
Mono an J. Keller,
Lawrence R. Beck with,
O. B. Hi ley,
THE undersigned lakes pleasure in announc
ing to his nutny friends and p&tronn, that he has
permanently located at Orangcburg, C. H.,S.C.
where he will devote hit* entire time, from every
Monday till Friday noon to the practice of
Dentistry in all its Departments. Perfect satis
faction guaranteed in all operations entrufltcd
to his care. Charges very moderate.
Office at Dr. Fcrsncr'? old stand over Willcock
Store. A. M. SNIDEK, S. D.
J)R. E J OL1VEROS
Again desire* to return bis Grateful Thanks
to the public for the magnanimous and liberal
Support given him. By assiduous efforts and
faithful performances of the Responsible duties
devolving upon him as dispenser of Medicines,
he hopes ever to maintain thier confidence and
FOR SALE "1
One Six horse pwtfer r%tBW?'K?^ Engiiie
In fair order, cau be seen in operation every
Saturday, at tho plantation of MrH.D. Griffith/
For terms apply on tbe place, or address X?8,Cv
P. O. Hox 01, Orangeburg, ?. C.
$300??,. month will prove it, or forfeit$1,000
to selljJLAKE'S Shuttle Sowing MACHINE.
Friec'only $20. The best and rhenpcBt Lock
btitch Machine in the United StatesofCanada*
A FEW GOOD REASONS. 5
1. A new invention, thoroughly tested.
2. It makes the Xpcfr-Stlteh ^alik 0 on both
sides, and cannot be'ravelled.
2. Runs for years without repairs.
4. Construction most careful and finished. It
is manufactured bv the mow skilful Machinists.
For Circulars and terms address r^_:
S. BURKE, SON & CO.
t 1?9 Warren Street/JerseyCHy, tf. J,
May 20 1974 ' 3m
OFFICE, Cp. SCHOQL COMISSIONEK
? 1 ' ? OftANOCTU'rfu , OOUMTV, 8. C,
NOTICE is hereby given, that in accordance
with Act of Assembly Approved February
1874, entitled "An Act'to establish certain State
Scholarships in tlie University of South Caro
linn n Free public competitive examination will
be held at this office on Monday. July 6th 1874."
The act provides that but one student shall be
admitted from each County forr.thja Lfi&frjjrear.
Of all tlie applicants for admission the three
exhibiting the greatest proficiency in ail the
branches of study- required fur the admission
of 8tudfctits into the University, will be recom
mended to the State Hoard of examine re, and a
final Examination will be.held 'by' the State
Hoard of Examiners at Columbia on Thgrtday
Octoberlst.'1874; Wmfn We cahtfldaken'K'''letindi
most proficient will be admitted to a Scholar
ship in the University. . .
The successful candidate when admitted will
be entitled to reeesvo Two Hundred Doltara
nnnallv, and tuition free.
May 8th 1874.
f. k: McKinley,
County School Commissioner.
The recent test of Fl^e-Proof Safes
by the English Government proved
. the superiority of /.turn Filling, ifjks
other Safes filled with
Alum and Plnstw-of-Parfsi :
MARVIN & <SO.?
265 Broadway, K. Y.,
721 Chestnut St., Phifa.
QQ TO T E X .\ S
via :? nr.
?LOSE STAR. ROliTK!
11 NTKKN.VTJOX.yl. i>l?d (J II BAT NuUTII r.b? H.H. >
Passenger* going to TeX:;s via Memphis and
Little Hock, or via Sbiyvviwirt^rfki- this line
at Longvicw, the P?est Honte to Palestine,
llcame, Waco, Austin, HnMsviJle, Jlniisti**,
(j.dvestwi and all points in Western, C?itr:?f,
j'a-jcrn aii't] miTl .Smthcrn Texas. .'"_.
Passc^'CVs vi-PVewt Irir.m.s >WJ!*Tn<r it t rier'
liest Home to Tyler. Mim-ohr. TwIbisvWverii'/w,
t i-'h-kt-tt. IrfingVieW and h'I points in KnstcfJj
ami Northeastern Texa*..
This line is well built, thoroughly equipped
with evry niolern iuiproveriienlj!-jncliidinK
New ami l lrpint I>.iv Uunibcs, Pullman Pal
ace Sleeping Can*. \Vvsth"iglioi?*e Air Hrakcs,
Miller's I'atent S.it'ir IMatforms and lotiph-r*;
and nowhere else can the prssenger r-ortwnplcte
ly depend on a speedy wife and comfortable
io>.*rapy? - *
T'?t? * ??g S'rtr lb?nlt hu* aduiir.-iWr an?weT
j'the u.:n' ?. '"Ho"' jtcs lo jfO to Tt-xasi"7 by the
publication oi\\u '.' ??rcVting ami inithftd docu
ment, eomainhig a vauU'."1* and cnrrvri map,
which can he obtained, frec-o? ^"J'^fifi by ad
dressing the General Ticket A?.:nf .internation
al and lireat Northern Hailroai', 'Huston,
Texas' District !?>.]
?kliL iM?dki.._ !2L
Da. J. p. FiTLra.?Ditnjj ?rem. rare. I imputed at Um
UnitoMUrof 1'ean'? la lbi\ and nft'rSOTHra'tiptriminl,
r^rfecud I>r. Kitler's Vegetable JMteamatla
Syrap and Pills, which I raaratitat an isfUlUli euro
f-r faint Id Und. Tttrtt I (cart. Limbi l?"orrom. K<4
n"v. LU-.I. and sit Hhrumiliadiv x><m. 6v>in|o.ibfiKUl
A,mi. M7K F. A. O>C0URN. A'kJn'y JS^ftr; j?jfi.'?,
Ws: 1: - r. -n?a rro Car ilt7 tt. an4 ?UI Ml i>Cy art t,n* ?p>iw
lu,tu? RsT.Xhot MnrpriT.O D FTantfoiM X*hrt? B?i',C U.
l.?iiiS,Mt-Ju,r.\ r?':v J 8 Hutiiar.sn. CMjrpi;. o I'-^a.'SM.
Si O Smith. PittHord.N. Y. V.t* Jo?. )'. ..--??< k all* Church.
biila..*e AffliclrtljnouHl write Or J'lOrrTl'liita .loMSPi&r
?atorTrarnphleran<rKaaranlt?.f7aU? ;.V)i:>--.?arJf..rar>tci ,
?urablacaie tfueur? no charge, a r ?alit7 Sti<t lv X
FARMERS AND PLANTERS.
Steeping auu Preparing Seods beforo
This preparation.hitely introduced to the Ag
ricultural wprid,appearfrpa) recent ex peri men W
to surpass all that has ever been attempted in
that line. It not only contains all the elements
and fit food for die need jn itajinfant.state, which,
ennbles it to coine up strong and vigorous, oo%
positively claim that no rust smut or blight can,
exist where it is applied, and. provinrj a certain,
preventive against the Potato rot. It dissolves,
readily, and forms a mucilage by which *nj^a
material can be mado to adhere to tho^ sow. .1
Coal Tar being a very small portion of thio yai,- 1
able compound t? prevent the: ravages of birds "
and insects, but ko united and prepared as to..
form ? dry powder, which dissolves readily.one
pound producing one and a half gallon*, or
fifteen pounds of mucilage. On every farm there
are to be found in abundance valuable mate
rials for rolling seeds in before planting, which
should never bo neglected. These aro rich dry
black earth and wood ar.hcs, or lime,and should
be mixed in proportions of one part of wood,
ashes or lime, to three part* of earth. By the
aid of too mucilage, much of this, material can
ho made to adhere to each fkcd,' which never
fails to show good results- It has boen tried on
corn, rice, cotton, wheat, potatoes, peas and all
tho cereals with marked effect, none showing
any signs of rust, bligfit or fungus where it was
applied. Put up in one r*>i\nd Packages at 30
cents per pound, which dissolves and form one
and a half gallon of Mucilages nutficicnt to roll
seed for one acre land. 600 Planters used it last
aeason with remarkable success.
Every Farmer and Planters should use it.
Fon sAj,b nv
KIRK ROBINSON, Agent,
Feb. 26 3ra. "