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VOLUME III. ORANGEBURG, SOUTH CAROLIN^, THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1874. NUMBER 22?
? ? ' - _
THE BONG OF THE UNIVERSAL.
BY WAI/T ?WHITMAK.
- ? ? ?\
Comp, n&id tho MitBe,
Sing me a sour no poet yet ban chantod:
Slug mo the Universal.
lu thin broad earth of ours,
Amid tbe measureless grossuoes nud tho slag,
EnoloBed and safe within Us central heart,
Ncatlcss tbe seed Ferfoction?
By every 1 ifo a sbaro, or more or loss,
None born but it 1b born?couceal'd or uncoucoal'd,
1 tho seed is waiting.
Lo J keeu-?ycd. towering Science 1
As from tall peaks tbe Modern overlooking,
Successive, absolute flats issuing.
Tot again, lo I tho Son 1?above all science;
Vor it, has History gathor'd liko husks arouud tho
For it, tbe entire star-myriads roll through tho Bky,
In f piral roads, by long detour.',
< Am a muoh-lacklng ship upon tho sea.)
For it, tho partial to tho permanent flowing,
or it, the.r.eal to tho Ideal tends.
For it, tho mystic evolution ;
Not tho right only justiflod?what wo call ovil also
Forth from their masks, iio matter what,
From tho huge, fostoring trunk?from craft and
guilo nud tears,
Health to omarge, and joy?Joy universal.
Out of tbe bulk, tho morbid and tho shnllow,
Out of tho bad majority?tho varied, countless
frauds of men and StatcB,
Klcctric, antiseptic yet?cleaving, suiTueiDg all,
Only tho Oood io universal.
Over tho mountain growths, disease and sorrow,
Au uncaugbt bird 1b over hoverlug, hovering,
High in tho purer, bappior air.
From imperfection's murkiest cloud,
Darts always forth one ray of perfect light,
Ouo flash of Heaven's glory.
Io fashion's custom'* diBcord,
To tho mad Dabol-dln, tbe deafening orgies,
Southing each lull, a strain is beard, just hoard,
From some far shore, tho final chorus souudiug.
O tho blest eyes ! tho happy hearts!
That i-oj.?that know tho guiding thread bo flue,
Along tho mighty labyrinth !
Aud thou, America:
For the Schemo's culmination - its Thought, nud
For these, (not for thyuo'f,) Thou hast arrived.
Thou too Kiirrnundent all;
Embracing, carrying, welcoming all, Thou too, by
pathways broad and new,
To the Ideal loudest.
Tho mrasur'cd faiths uf other lauds?the gran
ilour* of the pabt,
Are uot for Thee ? hut graudcurs of Thluo own ;
Deitlo faiths and amplitudes, absorbing, compre
All eligible to all.
All, all for Immortality !
Love, like the light, silently wrapping all!
Nature's amelioration blo-ising all!
Tho bloB?om?t fruits of ages?orchards divine and
Forms, objects, growths, humanities, to Spiritual
Oive mo, O Uod, to sing that thought!
Givo mo?givo him or her I lovo this iiuonchleBs
In Thy ensemble?whatever else withheld, withhold
not from us,
Dolief in plain of Thee enclosed lu Time nud
Health, peace, salvatioi. universal.
Is it a dream 7
Nay, but the lack of It the dream,
And, falling it, life's lore aud wealth'a dream,
Aud all tho world a dream.
MAGGIE AUD THE BURGLARS.
"Yon are not afraid, Maggie?"
?* Me afraid ! " said Maggie, " I'd
no fear born with mo= As for the
house, it's the strongest fastened ever I
was in. You say yourself there's no
look a burglar could force, and I'm not
the one to let tramps or tho like in of
my free will. God knows tho plaoo
will bo safe enough when yon o >mo
back?as safe as though there were a
regiment of soldiers in it; and I'll have
all. bright for your new wife, Mr.
She oallcd her master Mr. Archibald
still, this old woman ; but sho was the
only one who ?tili usod his Christian
name. Ho was an elderly man himself,
and had few intimate friends, hospital
ity not boihg one of his virtuos. He
was rich, and there was much that was
valuable in tho house; more ready
money, too, than most men keep about
them ; but then it was as sectiro as a
bank vault?patent lock and regular I
alarms that first sent a bullet into any
one who sought to outer by stealth, and
then rang a bell to wake tho household,
were attached to every door, and a fu
rious watch-dog, that lived on raw
moat, was in tho back gardon. Tho
Van Nott mansion could have withstood
a siogo at a moment's notice.
Mr. Van Nott was a monoy-dealor.
He had ways of accumulating property
which woto mysteries to his neighbors,
and they were suspicions that the little
back' parlor, sacred to business, had
oven scon snch lessor dealings as the
loan of money on good watches, cash
mere shawls, and diamonds of genteel
distress. Two or three mortgages that
ho had bought up had been rathor cru
elly foreclosed ; and ho wbb a hard
landlord, and a bad person to owe
money to nltogetl? . On tLe wholo ho
was^lisliked in the place, and, rich a? ho
was, would havo found it hard to get a
wifo to his liking among his neighbors
at Oakham. However, having resolved
to marry again?there had been a Mrs.
Van Nott, who died years before?he
had sought out a wealthy widow of a
Baving disposition, who lived on a small
farm somo miles out of town, and, hav
ing already disinherited hor daughter
for espousing an estimablo man of small
moans, and turned her only son out of
doors for equally prudent reasons, was
not likely to bring any troublosome gen
orosity into her houshold, and had
offered himpolf to her, and had boon
accepted. And now, though both thoir
economical souls revolted against it,
oustom decreed a wedding of romo sort,
and a honeymoon trip somowhere, and
they had decided to do it as cheaplv as
possible. For this briof tinio Mr. Van
Nott must leave his business and his
house, and it was upon the evo of his
departure that ho held tho above con
versation with his old servant standing
with his poit iia?jteaii in his hand, aud
regarding her gravely.
** Yes, yes," he said, " I presume it
is all Bate enough. And' I'll speak to
the night-watchman, and give him a dol
lar to take a particular look at this
house. Well, good-by, Maggie, make
things as neat as possible, for if they
look dirty my wife may think the fur
niture old, and waut something new
for the parlor." And Mr. Van Nott de
'?Yes, yes," said old Maggie, "no
donbt she 11 have fine, extravagant- ways.
Poor master! What a pity he should
marry, after all?but old fools are the
worst fools. A young thing of eight and
forty, too, when he has a sensible ser
vant, sixty last January, that' known
what belongs to good housekeepings.
If ho wanted to marry why didn't he
ask me? I'd not have gone gallivant
ing and spending. Ab, well, Tie'll suf
fer, not I!" And Maggie trotted away
to begin her sweeping and dusting.
SI 10 had said truly that there was no
fear born with her, but as the night
drew on she began to feel somewhat
lonoly. Her master's presenoe was
strangely missed out of the great house,
and there wae something ghostly in tbe
look of Iiis empty chair when ehe pooped
into the little baok office.
" If I was superstitious," she said to
herself, " I should think something
dreadful was going to happen. I feel
chilly up and down my baok, and keep
thinking of funerals. I'll make myself
a cup of tea, and see if I oau't get
And accordingly old Maggie shut hor
self into the snug kitchen, and lighting
two oandles, drew a pot of the strongest
young hyson, and patting her feet close
to the cooking stove, began to feel much
The old dock ticked away on tho
mantel, the hands pointing to half-past
"I'm going to bed at nine," said
Maggie. "Ive worked wtll to-day.
Much thanks I'll get for it, I doubt.
Hark! What's that?"
It was a sound outbido tho door?a
slow, solemn grating of wheels. Then
feet trod the pavement and tbe bell raug
"A narriago!'' cried Maggie; " bas
he changed his mind and brought her
home at once ? But that can't be, he's
not married yet." And taking one of
the oandles she trotted to the door, but
not before tbe boll had rung again.
" Who's that?" she cried, holding tho
door slightly ajar.
V. A stranger," said a voice, " ono who
has Bomcthing particular to say to you."
"You'll have to wait for to-morrow,"
said Maggie. "You can't oomo in to
" My good woman," said the stranger,
"you are Margaret Black?"
"That's my name."
"Mr. Van Nott's housekeeper for
twonty years ?"
"My good womau, if you aro attached
to your master, I liave very bad news
" GraoiouB Lord !" oriod Maggie, but
did not open tbo door muoh wider?only
enough to thrust her head out. " Don't
scare mo, mister. What ie it?"
"Tbo worst you cau tbink of," said
the mnn. "Mr. Van Nott traveled on
the-railroad. Tbere has been an
" PrescrvotiB!" cried Maggie, letting
tbo door fall back, " and him on his
way ?o his wedding. He's badly hurt
" Ho's dead," said tho man. " Demi,
and we've brought him home."
Maggie sat down on a chair and began
" We've done what we could," said
tbo man. "Tbo lady bo was to marry
nnd her friends will bo down to-morrow.
Meanwhile my instructions aro that you
shall watch with him, and allow no
strangers to euter tho house. Thero
aro valuables hero, I'm told, and Mr.
Van Nott's lawyor must toko possessio?
of them, and seal them up bofore strang
er*, have nccesB to the rooms."
"Oh ! dear, dear," cried old Maggie.
"Thatit should oome to this. Yes, I'll
watch alone. I'm not afraid, but?oh,
Then she shrauk back and lot two men
oarry a horrible coffin into tho parlor.
They camo out with their hats off,
and tho other man held bis also iu his
" I regret to leave you all alono in the
house," ho Haid.
" I don't miud that," said old Mag
gie, ;'but it's torriblo, terrible."
"If you'd like me to stay," said tho
" No," said Maggie. " I'vo no fear of
living or dead folk. You can go."
Then sho locked tho door nnd wont
into tho parlor, and ptittiug tbo candle
on the mantel, lookod nt tbe coftln
through her tears.
" He was good enough to me," she
said ; " poor Mr. Archibald ! And this
comes of wanting to marry at this time
of life, and gallivnnting on railroads. I
wonder whether ho is changed much.
I'll take a look," and Maqgio crossed
tho room and lifted tho lid over the faoe
of tho inclosed body.
" I'll take a look." sho said to hor
self ncrain. "I'm not nfraid of dead
In a minute more Maggie dropped
tbo lid again, and retreated, shaking
from head to foot. Sho had seen within
tbo ooflio n face with its eyes shut, and
with bandages about the fcea'1, ond
the ghastly fontnr s of a clown in a
circus, minus tho red mouth.
But it was a living faco, well chalked,
and not her mastor'a, and Moggio know
at onoe that sho had boon well hum
bagged?that tho story of bor master's
death was a lie, and that a burglar lay
within tho coffin, ready to spring upon
her and bind hor, or perhaps murder
ber at any minute.
She could of oeurse open the door
and try to escape : bnt the accomplices
of the man were doubtless outside. It
was a long distance to the nearest house,
and ovon if they did not kill her, they
would execute their purpose and rob
the place before she returned.
*'Master looks natural," said Maggio
aloud, nud tried to collect hor thoughts.
Mr. Van Nott's revolvers were in the
next room, she knew, loaded, six shots
in eaoh. Maggio could use pistols.
She had aimed at troublesome oats with
great success more than once. If she
could secure these she felt safe.
" Poor, dear master," she sobbed,
and edged toward the back room.
"Poor, dear master;" she lifted tho
desk-lid. She had them safe.
She glided back to the front parlor
and Bat down on a chair. She turned
up her sleeves and grasped a pistol in
each hand, and watched the coffin-lid
quietly. In half an hour the lid stir
red. A cautious hand crept up the
side. A wiry eye peeped out. It fell
upon the armed figure and closed again.
" You'd better, said Maggie to hor
Again the head lif tod np.. This time
Maggie sprang to her feet.
" You are fixed .quite handy," she
said coolly. " No need of laying you
out if I fire, and I can aim first-rate,
especially when I'm afraid of ghosts, as
I am now."
Tho head bobbed down again. Mag
gie re-seated herself. She knew this
could not last long?that there must be
a conflict before long. It was as she
supposed. A moment more and the
coffin was empty, and a ferocious young
fellow sat on its edge, and thus ad
"Wo meant to do it all quiet," he
su id, " and I don't want to frighten old
women. Jnet put them down."
" I'm not' frightened," said Maggie.
"I'm coming to take them things
away from you," said the man.
" Come,", said Maggie.
He advanced one step. She took aim,
and he d >dged, but a bullet went
through his loft arm, and it dropped by
Furious with pain, he dashed toward
her. Sho fired again, and this time
wounded him iu the right shoulder.
Faint, and quite helpless, he staggered
against tho wall.
" There, you've done it, old woman,"
he said. "Open the door and lot me
out. My game is up."
" Mine isn't," said old Maggie. ?'?Oet
back into your coffin again, or this time
I'll shoot yon through the heart."
The burglar looked piteously at her,
but he saw no mercv in her face. He
went baok to the coffin and lay down in
it. Blood dropped from his wounds,
and he was growing pale. Maggio did
not want to see him die before her eyes,
but sho did not dare go for aid. To
leave the house beforo daybreak would
be to meet this man's companions, and
risk her own life. There was nothing
for it but to play the surgeon herself,
and in a little while she had stopped
the blood and saved the burglar's lifo.
More than this?she brought him a oup
of tea, and fed him with it as if he had
been a baby. Nothing, ho wovor, could
induce her to let him out of his coffin.
About ono or two o'clock she hoard
steps ontside, and knew that the other
burglars were near, but her stout heart
never quailed. She trusted in the bnrs
and bolts, and they did not betray her.
Tho daylight found her sitting quiet
ly beside'her wounded burglar, nud the
milkman, bright and early, was tho am
bassador who summoned the officers of
When the bridal party roturnod next
day the house wa9 neat and tidy, and
Maggie, in her best alpaca, told the
news in laconic fashiou.
" Frightened 1" sho siid-, iu answer to
the sympathetic ojuoulations of hor now
mistress. " Frightened ! Oh, no ! Foar
wasn't born in mo."
Some progress has already been made
in the royal English gun faotoriea at
Woolwich arsonal in the manufacture
of tho experimental 80-ton gun, which
is intended to furnish data lor the con
struction of tho guns of the Inflexible
Tho length of tho gun over all will be
27 foot, tho boro being 21 feet long.
Tho calibro will bo 11 inches, 15 inchos,
and 10 inches successively, the gun be
ing bored up after each series of experi
ments. Tho 14-inch oilibre will take a
projootilo of 1,100 US*, firing n maxi
mum charge of about 190 lbs of special
ly manufactured powder ; the 15 inoh
will take a 1,100 lb shot and about 245
lb* of powder ; tho 10 inch will throw a
1,650-lb shot, with about 300 lbs of pow
der. Tho heaviest gun now in the ser
vice, 12.85 tons (Woolwioh Infant), can
pierce 15 inches of iron at tho muzzle ;
the ranges at whioh the projootiloB for
the 80 ton guu will perform the same
feet will be?for the 14-inch shot, 3,300
yards ; for the 15 inch shot, 5.200 yards;
aud for the 16-inolr ?h?t, G.500?iioarly
four miles. At a fighting range of 500
yards the Woolwioh Infant will pene
trate 14 inohos of iron ; but the 80-ton
gttn, with a 14 inch calibre, will pierce
about 17 inches; with tho 15 inoh, about
18J. inches ; and with tho 10 inoh, about
20 inohos. Tho maximum range at whioli
shells could bo thrown into a fortress
will be?for tho 12-inoh, about 9,000
vards ; 14 inoh, 10,003 yards; 15 inch,
10,200 yards ; 16 inch, 10,300 yardp, or
closo upon sii mile*._
?Mrs. Wynkoop, a strong-minded
woman, has opened n real estate office
in Chicago, and not ono of tho Chicago
papers has dar d to call it a hen-coop.
?A Baltimore bride, according to a
reporter, wore cnlla lilies in her hair.
Sevan catla lilies in a neat duster on
tho tap of a lady's head would look woll.
All About Pedal Decoration In tnc Good
Old Day* B. C.
At a very early date tbe art of decora
ting the covering for the feet begaa to
dovelpn ; and the pretty feet of the fair
seemed to have betrayed the earliest
susceptibility to pedal ornaments, al
though the use of these embellishments
was by no means confined to them, as
we shall presently see. Some of the
earliest and most distinctive examples
we lind in Jewish records. Thus, in
Solomon's song (7 ohap., iv), the bride
is thus- addressed : " How beautiful are
thy feet with shoes (sandals), O prince's
daughter!" In the case of Judith of
the Apocrypha, although her personal
attractions, the splendor of her attire,
and other ornaments, may have attracted
the attention of the fierce Holofernes,
the Assyrian general, it was her sandals
that '.\ravished his eyes." (Judith, xvi
ohap., 9 v.) A passage in Isaiah gives
us an idea of the character of some of
the ornaments employed. "Haughty
daughters of Zion walking and minoing
as they go, and making a tinkling with
their, fleet. The Lord will take away
the bravery of their tinkling ornaments
about thoir feet." Isaiah, ohap. iii, 16
18.) Tho first approaoh to a boot?and
thero was probably nothing of tbo kind ?
prior'to 500 B. O.?was-in the shape of
a high stocking or groove, a piece of
leather affixed to the front of the shins
as a protection from injury in war, by
meon't of leathern thongs or interlaced
bands of leather. This protection doubt
less ovontuated in the elaborate feetal
greaves which formed an important part
of til i armor of a later period. The
transition of the sandal to the shoo is
perhaps more evident in the sculptured
remains of Persia than in any other of
tho dumb yet eloquent witnesses of an
The bas-reliefs of Persopolis give
many illustrations of tho style of boots
and shoes worn by tho Persians in the
time .of DariuB and Xerxes?between
521 B; 0. and 475 B. C. One of these
is a sort of ankle boot, half shoe, half
sandal ; for what is termed the " upper
leather is little more than the straps of
tho saudals left much broader than usu
al, ami fastened by buttons along tho
top oft the foot. This kind of shoe in
represented as having been worn by
sol diel;?, the upper classes, and attend
ants around the throne of the king.
Other V specimens are completely and
unequivocally shoes, tho characteris
tics of tho sandal boiug apparently en
tirely absent. There are also amon?
thoso sculptures several kinds of boots,
one of them being similar to t'-e three
quarter Wellington of the present time.
A highly ornamental dress boot adorned
the legs of a gaily-dressed youth de
picted on a Thoban painting, and sup
posed to have belonged to a conntry
adjacent to Egypt. It is similar in
form to tho dress of Wellington of tho
present contury, and is a sample of the
boot decoration then prevailing. Ing
hirami, in his Monumcnti Etrwchi,
gives an engraving of a heathen pries?,
taken from an anoient Etruscan sculp
ture, the figure wearing a pair of top
boots exceedingly like those worn by
the ditchers and fishermen of to-day.
Tho Etruscans were antecedent to the
Greoks and Bomans in civilization, so
that this mu?t be very old, although not
so anoient ns tbo Thoban painting just
It is tolerably oloar that tho shoo de
veloped into tho boot, and that Orator
Honsloy's colobrated method of making
shoes had not boon thought of at this
early stage of the world's history. Many
of our readers will rcoolloot the aneo
doto of tho great mob orator, who once,
by a clovor strategy, is said to have at
tracted "tho greatest multitude of shoe
makers ever known to havo been assem
bled on ono occasion" at his oratory
near Lincoln's Inn Fields ne had an
nounced a special discourse to shoemak
ers, and in order to "draw" an audionco,
with tho true genius of sensationalism,
he declare 1 that ho could teach them a
most expeditious way of making shoos.
His method was simple but conclusive,
viz.: to cut off the tops of their Iroots.
The ticket of admission on that occasion
bore the appropriate but mooklng motto
?Onme majus continet in sc tninua (tho
greater contains the less). It is also
sufficiently clear that in a great degree
modern fashion is but an imitation?a
more or less refined ono it may be?of
the other forms and fashions whose re
oords are to bo found on those ancient
mounments. "History repeats itself"
in the way of boots and shoes as with
everything olso, and tho boots of mod
ern day .4 find their earliest exemplars on
these striking sculptured memorials of
nations whose sun of prosperity has
gone down forever, but who onoo occu
pied tho proud place in the world of
"first in arts as in arms."
The great Persian monarch, Cyrus,
was not only a warlike soldier, but a
connoisseur in the art of dross. Ho
was accustomed to wear purple and
white robes, and to encase his feet and
legs in yellow buskins. If a man
was unfortunnte enough to possess tho
dignity of high stature, he recom
mended that he should wear a suit of
buskin or stocking, betweon tho boIo of
whioh and' the bottom of tho foot somo
substnnoe. might be inserted to give an
inoreased bight to the wearer. A simi
lar method of increasing their bight
appears to have obtained among women
ttiBo, for Xenophon, in his (Economic*,
mentions tho wife of Isohomaohus as
wearing high shoes for that purpose.
In the ton bs of anoient Egypt, women's
shoes have boon discovered that dis
tinctly havo this object in viow, for they
aro formed of a stout solo of wood,
to which is affixed four round props?
roally a sort of foot-stool, only flxod
to tho foot, raining tho wearer a foot
in bight. The Phrygian bounot, which
the goddess Minerva is sometimes rep
resented as wearing, is a oharaoteristio
head-dress which finds a fitting coun
terpart in tho Phrygian boot. This
article was worn v*ry high, had four
long flaps or streamers at the top (con
sisting of the leg-skins of animals
whose skins had been used lor body
clothing), and were laced up in front.
"DE PERVISIONS, JOSIAR."
A Couple of Darkles Kzpreaa Their Ideas
Almut Civil Itignt*.
A sapient-looking Fayetteville darkey,
ose ill 11 ting between twenty and twenty -
five summers, overtook an old negro
on the street the other day, ond
wedging .him in a fence corner, pro
ceeded to acquaint him with all the
gorgeous provisions of the civil lights
ill. Young Africa imparted to old
Africa a fund of valuable information,
" Well, Undo Billy, Snmner's swivel
rights bill has passed the senate ob de
United States widout a murmur."
"Is dat so, Jo si ar ?"
"Jess so, Uncle Billy. And say,
Undo Billy, we oolored pnssons is gwine
to see whoBO pervisions is in tho pot.
We's gwine to be allowed to ride free
on de railroad, smoke in de ladies' oar,
and pnt our feet on de peroussions of de
seats wheneber we please 1"
" Is dat bo, Josiar ?"
" Jess so, Unole Billy. And Bay,
Unole Billy, we's gwine to be allowed
to stop at do hotels and set at the head
ob de table, and hab de biggest slices
ob de chicken, and lay around, in de
parlor and spit on de carpets, and make
the white trash hustle demselves and
wait; on us without grumbling ; and
wheneber de boss of de concern
shoves a bill at us, we'll hab him sent to
Washington and obscured in de pleni
" Is dat so, Josiar ?"
"Jess so, Unole Billy. And say,
Unole Billy, we's gwine to be allowed
to go to de white schools, and set.up on
de platform wid de teachers and learn
gehography, triggormanometry, gehom
iny, Dutch, French, Ohootaw, algebray,
rheumatics, de rule ob trioo and do
" Good God I is dat no, Josiar ?''
"Jess bo, Unole Billy. And say,
Unole Billy, we's gwine to be allowed
to be buried in italic coffins wid lookin'
glasses on de top ob dem, and dey will
hab to carry us on a hearse to de grabe
yard and bury ns on top ob do white
folks, so when de day ob resurrection
am arrived and de angel Gabriel come
tootin' along, he'll sing ont troo his
trumpet, 'All ob yon oolored gommen
rise fust I' And say, Unole Billy, de
pervisions ob dat bill?"
" What's dat you say 'bout pervis
ions, Josiar ?"
" Well, Unole Billy, as I was gwine
on to state, do pervisions of dat bill?"
"Stop right dar, Josiar. You say
dar's pervisions in dat bill ?"
" Jess bo, Unole Billy. De pervis
ions ob do bill?"
"Stop right dar, Josiar. Ef dar'p.
pervisions in dat bill, I want n Back ob
flour dis berry minit. Dam de smokin'
in de ladies' ear, and de gehography,: and
do Latin, and de italic colli us ! 1 want
do pervision. Josiar. Day's all dore ia
in do bill wuff a oont.?Fayetteville
A Chicago Hotel.
Tho following is a translation of nn
articlo in a Berlin paper, which will
convoy an idea of the German estimates
of tho coming American hotel: " Tho
latest American progress in building
will be the ' mammoth hotel,' soon to
be erected in Chicago. This enormous
hotel is to have a frontage of three
English miles long, nnd a depth of
six miles ; the height of seventy-seven
stories, will measure 3,480 feet from the
ground-floor to the roof. Tho hotel
will have no stairs, but five hundred
balloons will always be ready to take
visitors up to their rooms. No room
waiters are te be employed, but visitors
will be served by a nowly patented au
tomatic, pnt up in every bed-room, who
will do all shaving, shampooing, etc.,
to the guests by a very simple and in
genious meohanitm. Supposing tho
guest requires hot water, the automatic
will be able to call down stairs : "A
bucket of water up to room number
ono million three thousand one hun
dred and sovon." and the water will be
up in s<wen seoondsby a patented eleva
tor. Half an hour before table d'hote,
instead of the ringing of bells, a enn
(24-pounder) will bo fired on eaoh floor
to call tho guests to get ready for their
meals. Tbe tables in the dining-rooms
will measure four miles each, attend
ance tc be performed by twelve waiters
on horsebaok on either side of the table
Music during table d'hote will be played
?gratia-by eight bands of seventy-seven
men oaoh. For tho convenience of vis
itors a railway will be built on eaoh
floor as well as telegraph offices. The
prioe for ono bed-room will bo from
$1 to $10. Tho cost of this building is
estimated to bo $080,000,000. Tho
billard room will contain 000 American,
99 French, and 1 English table, aud,
most of tho visitors ezpeoted to bo
Americans, the billiard room will be
fitted out with a spittoon of 100 feet in
?A Now Yorker tells of some ni>'o
grass for front yards. Ho says:
"Couch, or kutoh, grass takes posses
sion of the superficial Stratum aud ever
lastingly splices and plaits its roots into
indistructibie sinnet. It can not bo
rooted ou'i. In India and Persia, where
every blade is scorched by tho blazing
sun nnd hot winds of the dry season,
horses and cattle are fod on tho succu
lent roots. Ono rain shower covers tho
arid, baked, fissured plains with emer
FAOTS AND FANCIES.
?Pi!henco and gentleness are power.
?Leigh Hunt. ?
?Dollars and sonso do not necessari
ly travel together. J > x r.
. ?There is not a daily newspaper in
the state of Florida, .
?Epitaph for a caimibal?Ohe0 wHo
loved his fellow-men. lu z-tf
?A Minnesota granger has .three
thousand acres of beans. ' '; fV*
?Tho best refrain fox drinking bongo
?refrain from them altogether.
?Dr. HayeB measured au iceborg
that got aground in water nearly half a
mile in depth.
. ?"Taxes," said Dean Swift, "'are
the inevitable consequences of, being
too fond of g.orr."
?He that is ungrateful has no guilt
but one; all other orimeB may pass for
virtues in him.?Young.
?A Brooklyn gill has jafst rejected a
suitor because his nrrrowasn't long
enough to go round her. ?fei'
?All the difference?-A wnef running
away is a scamp, bat the policeman's
ohaso after him is a scamper.
?He who saddens at thought of idle*
nosB cannot be idle, and he's awake who
thinks himself asleep.?Keats.
?To make a dog add, multiply, or
subtract, tie up one of his paws and ho
will put down three and carry one.
?Men spend their lives in tho service
of their passions instead of employing
their passions in the service of their
??Our thoughts aro epochs in our
lives ; all else is but as a journal of the
winds that blow while we are bore?
?As an excuse for rejecting a widow
er, a fair young damsel informed a
friend that she did not want a "warmed
?In this country there is a doctor to
every 618 of tho population, while in
Franco and England there is only one
to every 2,000.
?Inviolable fidelity, good humor,
and complacency of temper outlive all
the charms of a flne face, and make the
decay of it invisible.
?A Sunday-school scholar being ask
ed what became-of men who deceive
their fellow-men, promptly exclaimed,
" They go to Europe."
?"For a young woman to begin ?o
pick lint off a young man's coat collar"
is said to be the first symptom that the
young man is in peril.
?Ono thing is clour to me, that no
indulgence of passion destroys the spirit
ual nature so much as respectable self
?An Illinois boy rubbed arsenic on
his teeth so that he could bite his fa*
thor in the leg and dose him when the
old man hauled him over his knee.
?"If a naughty girl should hurt
you, like a good girl, yon would forgive
her, wouldn't you?" "Yob, marm,"
she replied, "if I couldn't catch her."
?A Maud Mailer laughed heartily at
a young haymaker when the yellow
jackets got up his nankeen trousers, but
when they got up her'n it wasn't so
?" Please, sir," said a little girl who
was sweoping a crossing for a living,
" you have given me a bad penny."
" Never mind, little girl, you may keep
it for your honesty."
?Honest, thinkers are always stealing
from each other. Our minds are full
of wnifs and esttays whioh we think are
our own. Innocent plagit rism turns up
?It is a law of nature that faint
hearted men should be tho fruit of
luxurious countries, for we never find
that tho same soil produces delicacies
?Tho amiable is the voluptuous in
expression or manner. The sense of
pleasure in oursolves is that whioh ex
cites it in others ; or tbo art of pleasing
is to seem pleased.?Hazlitt.
?A New York state editor, who has
been on an excursion to Alabama, with
a company of journalists, puts "Lou*
isville against the world for tobacco,
whiaky and pretty womon."
?Public opinion cannot do for virtue
what it does for vice. It is the essence
of virtue to look nb ve opinion. Vice is
consistent with, and very often strength
ened by, entiro subservienoy to it.
?All my own experience of lifo teach
es me the contempt of ounning, not the
fear. The phrase "profound ounning"
has always seemed to me a contradiction
iu terms. I never knew a ounning mind
whioh was not either shallow, or, on
some points, diseased.?Mrs. Jameson.
?A man who was seen coming out of
a Texas newspaper office with a split
nose, with ono eye and with one ear,
explained to a policeman that ho ?ui?r
ed the office simply to inquire if the
editor was in. "And he was in," the
viotim mournfully added.
?Tho intellect has only one failing,
whioh, to be sure, is a very considerable
one,?it has no conscience. Napoleon
is tho readiest instanco of this. If his
heart bad. borne any proportion to his
brain, he had been one of tho greatest
mon in all history.?Lowell.
?The fashionable girl of the period
now takes her Bewing machino with her
when sho goes to the watering-places,
for there she will get " ideas" which
the machino will work out. Tho wise vir
gin keeps her dress goods in the piece
until she sees how the rival McFhmsy
has her summer toilet made ; and this
makes tho rival MoFlimsy "awfully
mad," for if there is ono thing sho
hates more than another, it i? to havo
her clothes copied.