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JtLXL Independent Paperi BeVoted to ,the Intere?^. ,p*'1 ttxe .P^P^;:.-.:, ,; . ., y;? ,p?.^,.m
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' ' VOLUME III.
ORANGEBURG, SOUTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 13, 1874.
8 ^P^?ANDi>ifi ath?ll
Doth lifo nur vivo tlio touch of Death 7
Death's hand alone tho secret holds,
Which aa to each one ho unfolds,
"0 press to know with bated brcatb.
?wJ)teBHri tn^rftr "-?'''?P"1 bere,
Conurcas that hopo to whloh wo cling;
Bntatlll wp grasp at.anythmg.
iT,<Ana BOmDtluioq hope 4nd sometimes fear.
Sonio whisper that tho dead wo knew
H?ver nround us while wo pray,
.Anxious to t-peak. We cannot say;
We only wish ft may bo truo.
I *P0W^ Stolo who has thought,
, i ? v As healthy blood flows through bis volus,
And Joy his present lifo sustains,
} And all this good has uorao unsought.
? ' ux?or more ho cannot rightly pray,
Lifo may extend or lifo may cease;
Ho bides tho issue, snro of peace,
B?ro of tho host in God's own way.
"Porfoctlon waits tho race of man ;.
If, working out this great design,
God cuts us oiT, wo must resign
? To bo tho tituso of His plsn."
But I, for one, feel no such peace;
I daro to think I havo In mo
That which had better never bo ;
If loHt beforo it cau increase.
And oh 1 tho ruined piles of mind,
Dally discovered everywhere,
Built .but to crumblo in despair 7?
r g I dare not think him so inkind.
Tho rudest workman would not fling
_ Tho frsgmonta of his work a*.. _,,
If ov'ry useless bit of clay
Ho trod on woro a sentient thing.
And does tho wlsost worker take
Quick human hearts, instead of stone,
And how and carve them ono by ono,
Nor heed tho pangs with which thoy break i
And more; If bnt creation's wasto,
Would He havo given us sonse to yearn
. For the perfection none can earn
And hopo tho fuller lifo to tasto 7
I think, if wo must ccaso to be,
It Is a cruelty refined,
To inako the instincts of our mind
Stretch o\\\ toward eternity.
Wherefore I wclcorao naturo's cry,
As earliest of a lifo again,
Whero thought shall never bo in vain,
A ml doubt before the tight shall fly.
The evening train was just starting
for its journey out into the solitudes of
country wilds, when .a tall, handsome
man of seven or eight and twenty
'darl?d frantically into tho depot and
Bwung himself, after a perilous fashion,
upon tho platform of the moving oars !
" Just saved myself ! " was his com
plaoent remark, and he settled himself
on tho velvet cushions under the lamp.
"Yes?exnotiy just! " commented a
gentleman who sat opposite. " I tell
you what, Harry Kneller, I shouldn't
repeat that kind of experiment very
often, if I were you."
" Well, you see, I was in a great
hurry, l'vo been getting a. littlo^sur*.
rise for my i?3?ej and" 'ntHaawJw^*rgw
"A eurpriso, eh ? "
"You see," went on Mr. Kneller,
confidently leaning over toward his
friend, "she's exceedingly fond of
fried bysters,"" and up in the country we
never get any of that sort of thing."
-' " So that's tho secret of the pail, oh?"
said.Georgo Arden, laughing good-hu
Mr. Kneller, on getting home, depos
ited bis preoious burden carofully in
the corner of the poroh aud walked in
with a nonohalant air.
"Well, Mattie!" as the blue-eyed
woman came to meet him and put up a
rosy month to be kissed; "supper
ready ? "
"Yes?nhd I'm so glad you come
homo early, Harry, for Mrs. Evarts iB
sick, and they want me to sit up with
"All right!" said Harry, good-hu
moredly. " Go, by all means, my pet."
And ne rubbed his hands, thinking
gleefully of the fine field he should
have |or his "surprise."
" I will bo back before seven to-mor
row, Harry." went on Mary Kneller
a musical clinking among the ohina tea
cups and saucerB, " and you shall have
your breakfast in time for tho train."
"Shall I?" thought Harry, nearly
choking himself with soalding tea, in
his strong sonse of tho implied joke.
" Couldn't have happened better," he
pondered, as ho toasted his slipper
soles beforo the fire, while Mary was
washing the china, and hovering about
the apartmont "on household thoughts
intent"? or Mr. and Mrs. Harry Knel
ler woro young people of limited in
come, and had not yet aspired to the
dignity of "help"?"uo; it couldn't
possibly havo happened better ! A fair
field and no favor; and when Mattie
oomes back to-morrow morning she'll
find breakfast ready, fried oysters and
all, or I'm uncommonly mistaken!
Won't it be a jolly surprise?"
" Good graoious, Harry ! what are
you doing?-' ejaculated Mary, as her
husband gave vent to a very audible
chuckle. "What pletseB you so muoh ?"
" Pleases me? Nothing !" said Harry,
trying to look austere all of a sudden,
and uttering, "I?I was thinking how
lonely I should be without you, dear!"
So Mrs. Harry Kneller tied a littlo
white Cashmere hood over her brown
ringlets, and enveloped herself in a
proaigiouB Scotch plaid shawl, and
tripped away uuder her husbnnd'a arm
to Mrs. Evart'd abode, half a milo be
"Good-night, darling !" said Harry,
stooping to kiss her rosy cheeks at the
"And! say, Mattie,"pursued Kneller,
unable to repress a brief flash of exul
tation, " don't bo astonished at any
little surpriao I may have in store for
you to-morrow morning!"
" Surprise i"
But Harry was off bofore tho disBylln
bio had fairly passed Mary's lips.
"It will bo jolly fun!" thought
With the 11 rat gray dawn of tho ohilly
winter morning Harry Kneller was up
? and stirring with a vivid romombranco
of the lnurols ho was to reap by that
"Where are the oysters?" pondered
he, carefully holding the skirts of hi?
morning wrapper, eo that the fire should
not endanger them. M Oh, I remem
ber ! I left them out on tho piazza.
And ho made a rush for the piazza.
" Frozen, by J^pitMj! Juat myluok
exactly ? 1 frozen like a rook. However,
they're easily thawed out again, on a hot.
are; and I'll put the coffee stowing t?oV
I don't know just exactly what the regu
lation rations cf coffee ^re. but if I fill
the pot half full it crui't help being
strong/', \ \\ ] 1 /? A
Mr. Kneller made K liberal appor
tionment of coffee,' filled up the pot
with water, and placed it on tho net
coals with u countenance expressive of
Seat satisfaction ; while close beside it
o pail of frozen oysters was exposed
to the genial influence.of caloric.
"They'll boil like ginger pretty
soon," thought Harry. "And now
[ I'll stir up a buckwheat or so?I -know
where Mattie - keeps the bag of flour."
"Stir up a buckwheat or so" sounds
remarkably easy, but Mr. Kuoller found
it a more difficult task than he had ap
i prShondedi | | ? ?j|
" I?don't?see where?the hitch?
is," slowly soliloquized our hero. "It
ought to foam over, with little bubbles
on the top, at least Mat tie's always does.
Perhaps the cold weather makes a dif
ference. Halloo! I've forgotten all
about the potatoes 1"
Bat not a potato could be found, and
Harry Kneller, with all the originality
of a great mind, fell back on a pan of
withered yellow turnips, four in num
ber, which he put boiling in a prodigi
ous iron pot, with the oover safely held
down by a couple of flat irons.
" It will boil all the sooner," thought
Harry. " Nothing like an economy of
heat. Now then for the oysters !
Tho frying pan was liberally
anointed with butter and placed on the
Are, and Harry began operations by
impaliug a fat half-frozen oyster on the'
prongs of a fork.
"Th*y dredge 'em in flonr first,"
thought Harry, reflectively eyeing his
his oyster; "and where the flour bar
rel is, I'm hanged if I know ! Ah-h f
there it is under the cellar shelf."
And Harry plunged his oyster down
into the white powdery depths, bring
ing it up an oblong sphere of snow.
" That's the time of day 1 Now, my
fino fellow, cook away at your leisure,
whilo I give your brothers white jack
ets, too 1 This is certainly a remark
ably fino flour. How, fragrant tho cof
fee smells 1 _ Hero's, a little drawback?
fryingvp*an" Bot big enough to hold the
oysters! Never mind; we'll put them
in first aud seo md series, like a volume
of popular essays 1" ?
Mr. Harry Kneller paused to wipe
the streaming perspiration from his
brow. Half-past six !? - Mary ~would
Boon be homo?the "surprise" must
really be accelerated !
" I really think th0 oystera must be
done on one side how," said'Harry, eye
ing the frying-pan scientifically and
makiDg a dive at its contents with a
fork, " Halloo ! why, they're as hard
as bullets ! What on earth is the mat
He stared with discomfited eyes at
tho - round, adamantine balls that he
imagined juicy hoar tod oysters !
"I'm not bewitched, am I ?" he pon
dered. "I've heard of money chang
ing to dry leaves, but I never heard of
oysters being transformed to stone ! It
can't bo possible that?it is possible,
and I've been and gone and done it!
I've dredged my oysters in plaster of
Paris that was brought for the garden,
instead of the flour! Here's a pretty
blunder ! All the oysters spoilt!?
twenty-five of 'em at five cents apiece,
and all through my stupidity !"
And at the same moment tho spout of
the britannia coffee-pot parted company
with its main reservoir, and the coffee
grounds, wn'or, and melting; metal
poured into the flro in confused steam,
ashes, and noise.
While Harry Kneller gazed at the
chaos with a ?'lim idea that it would be
best to evaouate the kitchen property
beforo the occurrence of any more dis
asters, the two flat-irons, impelled by
some unforeseen hydraulic pressure,
flew up against the ceiling, ooming nois
ily down among ohina cups and piled
up plates, the pot cover following with
noiso like tho report of artillery, and
giving Mr. Kneller a smart rap. on the
side of the head as it came down, which
stretched him on tho floor, still holding
the fossilled oyster out on the end of a
While Harry lay prono on the kitchen
oil-cloth, considering within himself
whether ho were killed dead, mortally
wounded, or not hurt at all, the door
opened, and Mrs. Kneller rushed in pale
"Ho has shot himself?I knowbe has!
He has committed suicide! Oh, Harry,
my. own, own husband, speak to me !
Tell me you are not dead !"
"No?I don't think I am," enunciated
Mr. Kneller slowly, as his wife threw !
herself on her knees beside him, nearly
strangling him with the fervency of her
embrace. " Only I've smashed the
i ohina, and fried the oysters in plaster
of Paris, and melted the nose off tho
coffee-pot. But I'm not dead, I thinkl"
And while Mary assisted him to rise,
in a little, hysteric tremor botween
laughing and crying, he looked sheep
ishly round on the ohaos and ruin that
surrounded the death agonies of his
ambition as a oook.
" You see, Mattie," ho said, glanoing
dolorotiBly down at his ash-bospriuklod
habiliments, " I wanted to givo you a
littlo surprise, and?"
. "And yon havo entirely succeeded,
my lovo," said hiB wifo, misohievously.1
"You're a splendid lawyer, dear, I'vo
no doubt; but you'll novor succeed in
life as a cook."
"I wish you'd toll me one thing,
Mat tie," he said that evening, as Mrs!
Knollor handed him. his second cup of
"And what is that?"
" Why didn't my buckwheat batter,
foam over and bubble as yours does ? I,
'stirred if until my arm was. lame."
t ' i My dear, "r said Mary, laughing, ? *dof<
you suppose the buolc wheat batter
didn't know the difference between you
if Of course it's nonsense," said Mary,'
demurely, ."if you mean your attempt
ing to fry oysters in plaster of Paris 1"
.Aud Mr. *Knellor did not answer.?.
Corded jaoonet is the favorite mate
rial for afternoon dresses. %
Teils are almost entirely discarded
during this warm weather.
Embroidered "mule" slippers are, of
course, for dressing-room wear only.
- It takes a remarkably pretty foot,
with a very high instep, to wear a shoe j
The sun lists that the ladies are wear
ing at the seaside, look liko inverted !
ohopping-dishes tied on tho head by u [
bit of blue ribbon.
Very wide soarfs of China crepe, and
of silk gauze, take tho place of over
skirts, by being draped in a similar
manner and tied at the back.
Bustles are being worn again. Of
those tho " pompadour " is the most in
vogue, although there are many who
are wearing full length hoops.
The hats design d for croquet are
Japanese shape, and entirely covered
with white muslin, finished by a black
Velvet bow in the center.
Blaok grenadine over-dress, embroid
ered in the long blaok India stitoh and
made heavy with fine out jet beads, are
among the most stylish of the season.
To accommodate the high ruffs and
collars, the hair is worn high on the
head. Curia of all sizes from little
frizzes to long tresses, aro arranged to
mingle with tbo braids and coils.
*It is very common now for ladies to
have boots made of a P)0C3 of the mate
rial of their dresses. The gay or brown
linens are especially desirable for wear
with linen costumes.
Jabots are again in iavor. The most
elegant of those are of Mechlin lace,
arranged so as to form live or six shells,.!
with loops of dolioalo colored crnpo in
e;aQu.8uol], and a-hcWNkwBtWjiw^PQ^
" There appears to ho some Clmngo in
the stylo of wearing the hair. Tho back
braid is not worn' so low in the neck,
and on top of the head a number of
linger putts are arranged in a nioBt pe
Even linen collars are made to stand
at the neok, and are high at the back,
with very small corners turned down at
the front. For morning wear and trav
eling, figured poro.de is being quite
Striped navy blue cambric takes the
place of tho figured and polka dot.
The demand is greater-than the supply,
as.the manufacturers are preparing their
looms for fall fabrics, and refuse to
make auy more of that style.
The most popular night-robe is that
with a sacque front and double yoke
back. Tho most elegant ones imported
for trousseaux have a square pompa
dour yoke of tucks, insertion and lace,
aud reach the price of 870.
In the glove line the Swedish or Sax
ony kid are the handsomest. Just now
it is so warm, howov r, that even Lisle
thread gloves are vetoed, and the old
fashioned silk mihi are worn by those
who care more for ease thau fashion.
The belts with chatelaine attachments
are no longer novelties, but oar designs
show them the latest and most approved
styles, with the exact methods adopted
for fastening and holding them in posi
Designs for summer boots and slip
5 show a vast improvement on the
unnatural and highly ornamented de
signs of some previous season. These
are shaped to the foot, ore suitable for
walking, for mountain excursions, and
seaside revels in the Band.
For street wear, kid boots, buttoned
or laced high, and with broad soles, are
the popular styles. Low-cut shoos or
ties will bo worn in the street later in
the season. Canvas slippers, or toilet
slippers, as they are called, are made
of yellow canvas and trimmed with
either black or blue braid.
Queen Victoria is tho legal head of
the Episoopal ohnroh of England, and
the Presbyterian ohuroh of Scotland.
When she is in England her Presbyte
rian'sm is prnotically called " dissent,"
nnd when she reorossca the Tweed into
Scotland her Episcopalianism becomes
" dissent" there. She has a morbid
hatred of ritualism. The Prince of
Wales is inolined to ritualistic ceremo
nies, while his eldest sister, the Orown
Princess of Germany, is a Lutheran;
his brother-in-law, Lord Lome is a
Presbyterian ; another brothor-inlaw,
tho Crowu Prinoe of Prussia, is a Pro
testant Lutheran; a sister-in-law, the
Duchess of Ediuburg, is a Greek Catho
lio: her husband is n Low Ohuroh
Episcopalian; the other brothers and
sisters are Episcopalians and Presbyte
rians by turn, their particular creed de
pending upon their residence for tho
time being. Tho Prinoess of Wales is
naturally bewildered with the mauifold
religions of her royal relations, and
olings to the faith she was taught in
?Iu some localities of Illinois tho
nhinch-bug has already destroyed half
of the growing corn crop. Eutire fields
look as if they .had been drenched with
soalding water, and great alarm is folt
among the farming communities.
Henry RI. Htnnley Sent Out by theNe?r
York Hevnlil and London Dolly Tele
1 grapH to Finish 'Livingstone's Work.
Wo are in the position ibis morning
to nnnounco that - arrangements have'
been I concluded between the proprior*
tors of tho D.lily Telegrapb 1 and Mr.
Bennett, .proprietor of tho New York
aerald, under which an expedition will
ut onco bo dispatched to Africa with
the object of investigating and report
ing upon the haunts of tho slave trad
ers ; of pursuing to fulfillment the
magnificent discoveries of the great ex
plorer, Dr. Livingstone, and of 00m
.pleting, if possible, tho remaining
problems of Central African geogtaphy.
This expedition has been undertaken
by, and will be under the sole com
-maud of Mr. Henry M. Stanley, whose
successful journey " in search of -Liv
ingstone,", upon the suggestion and at
tho charge of tho proprietor of the
Now Yi rk Herald, was tho means of
succoring the illustrious traveler, and
securing to Suienoe the fruit of his
researches, while it enabled' our dis
tinguished countryman to prosecute his
latest investigations. Mr. Stanley will
in a short time leave England fully
equipped with boats, arms, stores, and
all the provision neooessary for a thor
ough aud protracted African expedition.
Commissioned by the Daily Telegraph
and the New York Herald in concert,
be will represent the two nations whose
common interest in the regeneration of
Africa was bo well illustrated when the
lost English explorer was re-discovered
by the energetic American correspond
ent. In that memorable journey Mr.
Stanley displayed the best qualities of
an African traveler; and with no incon
siderable resources at his disposal to
reinforce his own complete acquaint
ance with tho conditions of African
travel, it may be hoped that vetv im
portant results will accrue from thus un
dertaking, to tho advantage of science,
hnmanity and civilization. ?-lAmdon
Daily Iclcgraph, July d.
Paris on Sunday.
U On Sunday Paris puts on its garb of
Biediroval gayetv and rushes madly to
die races. An immense throng of vehi
cles mako their way up the Champs
Illy sees, aud from the Aro do Triom
j>ho seem to cover the long and graceful 1
?Hoy under tho blossoming trees like a'
m of insects. All classes of tho pop
ulation join in"the frequont carnival.
Gambiers, duelists, and statesmen, ar
tists and poets, dukes and legitimists,
the whole corps, apparently, of the
Legion of Honor, clerks, shop-keepers,
students, minglo in the mad chase of
pleasure, an \ don the cap of folly.' Of
tho fairer, but not in this instance al
ways the gentler sex, tho throng is no
less conspicuous. Painted and daring
faces dash by, from whose extravagant
modes of dress the fashion of the world
are governed. Close at their side
d iichesses and famous * women, the
loaders of Parisian sooiety, rich and
languid mothers whose in I ants are at
nurse in the deadly shambles of the
suburbs, American matrons who are
"educating" their children in Paris,
English ladies who have forgotten the
proprieties of Victoria's court. Vir
tue and vice ride on together. The
refinements of the nineteenth century,
the delicacy of cultivated life, the
charms of moral purity, are lost in me
diteval folly. It is as if one were trans
ported back to the city of Rabelais or
of Henry III., saw Catherine de Me
dici amidst her maids of honor, or the
women of the Fronde and the League
at their maddest exploits. In the Sun
day evenings, lam told, ihe throngs of
fashion fill the theatres to listen to
plays from which modesty shrinks, at
which virtue trembles. It is easy to
conceive that in suoh sooiety dissipation
and mad gayety lead to their natural
results, that crime, remorse, despa'r,
brood over tho scenes of fancied pleas
ures. Paris teems with tales of horror
?uunatiiral mothers, frightful fathers ;
the wretohed jhome, the sudden death,
suspicions almost too dreadful to be
told, fates harder than those of the vic
tims of all common misfortune, are
usual themes. There are rumors of
fair American women who have pur
chased titles at the loss of their for
tunes, happinoss, and even their lives ;
of American families who have ven
tured within the oirole of Parisian gay
el y, and been undone, It is certain
that Paris is no safe school in which to
completo an American education.
A writer in Chamber's Journal says :
" The'great centre of Swiss embroidery
is at St. Gall, aud tho day on which the
work is brought is a festival; early in
the morning tho young women arrive
from all parts in their Sunday attire.
After attend iug service in the ohuroh
they collect in u largo room around a
long table, where each receives a glass
of white wine. They begin to sing one
of their melodies in parts, while the
master goes round the tables, examines
the work and pays for it. If he refuses |
any, and declines to take it, the dispute
is decided by a syndic, who sits^ in the
next room. When examination is over,
the head of tho establishment throws a
mass of embroidery patterns on the ta
ble; each girl ohooses tho kind she.
likes best; it in inscribed in her book,
with tho prico agreed on, and the day
when it is to be returned. They are
very industrious; and by reasons of
their gr<at frugality, aro contented with
v??ry poor remuneration ; and be slight
ly sewing their pieoes nf work together
can have thorn washed at half tho cost.
Iu Saxony tho wages are so low that it
is wonderful how tho women can live
upon them ; in Scotland it is said that
many of the children receive only half
penny a day, A small number in Nan
oy,1 who7<$an embroider coats-of-arms
and crests, earn three shillings a day;
bat from ten tp twenty pence ia the ?SnT
al 'wages. ,|t is a kind of work that en
d?fege*s 'the' sight; ? and' as fashion reigns
supremo, it not unficqiiently happens
that a,style.is abandoned before the or
ders are coniplefedt when the merchant
profits by the smallest pretext to ?enise
.the work from the ? manufacturers ; end
in'this way the loss often faUs upon the
Eoor woman, who: cah'soaroely'bny her
read or clothes."
" Cats"?After Victor Hugo."
In the bnrlesquo novel which Pouch is
now publishing, after tho French of
" Fiotor Nogo" (Victor Hugo), the fol
lowing remarks on cats appear in con
nection with the passage of the hero
through the streets of London at night:
"Antoneroly, muttered to" himself
' Heigho !' and passed along the de
"He seemed, to be treading on the
silent tombs of the nameless and the
," He heard the march of oats through
"They rushed to an attack with load
cries, springing up saddeuly from every
quarter?areas, roofs, balconies, lamp
posts, gutters, laaes, passages, courts,
alleys, and thoroughfares.
"They flew up the trees in the
squares, and seamed madly round the
" All their habits were nocturnal.
" The feline rnle always is to appear
" How many tragic sights have been
witnessed by the statues of the metrop
" At Antoneroly's footsteps the cats
fled, filling mews after: mews with their
"Quiet neighborhood?back Btreats.
These words sum up the .whole of the
" They live in purr-liens.
"It is a quarrel of localities of fami
ly against family ; tabby against tor
toise-shell ; pussy-cat against pussy-cat.
"All our attempts, our movements in
legislation and in education, our ency
clopaedias, our philosophies, our genius,,
our glories, all fall before the Oats.
" Gould its youth be trained ?
" The Oat's-cradlo has even been a
*' They .love blind-alloys. ?trango
"A-? colossal Kcalffe77?^jHHPTW
Tittums, an inimeosureable rebellion,,
without strategy, without plan, ohival
rio and savage, appearing like fantastic
blaok, shadows, tails of the past, the
devastation of g'nss, tho destruction of
flower-pots in back yards, the rain of
squares, tho terror of invalids?such is
the sleepless warfare.
* /'Antoneroly passed' on among the
The Duty of a Woman to be a Lady.
Wildness is a thing whioh girls can
not afford. Delicacy is a thing whioh
cannot be lost and found. No art oan
restore to the grape its bloom. Famil
iarity, without love, without confidence,
without regard, is destructive to all
that makes woman exalting and enno
" Tno world is wide, tuesa thing? are small;
They may be nothing, but they aro all."
Nothing ? It is the first duty of a wo
man is*to be a lady. Good breeding is
good sense, Bad manners in woman is
immorality. Awkwardness may be in
eradicable. Baahfulness is constitu
tional. Ignorance of etiquette is the
result of circumstances. All can be
condoned, and do not banish man or
woman from the amenities of their
kind. But self-possessed, unshrinking
and aggressive coarseness of demeanor
m iv be reckoned aa a state prison of
fense, and certainly merits that mild
form of restraint called imprisonment
for life. It is a shame for women to be
lectured on their manners. It is a bit
ter shame that they need it. Women
are the umpires of sooiety. It is they
to whom all mooted points should be
referred. To be a lady is more than to
be a prince. A lady is always in her
right inalienably worthy of respeot. To
a lady, prince and peasant alike bow.
Do not he restrained. Do not have im
pulses that need restraint. Do not
wish to dance with the prince unsought,
?feel differently. Be suoh that you
confer honor. Carry yourselves so
loftily that men shall look up to you for
reward, not at you for rebuke. The
natural sentiment of man toward woman
is reverence. He loses a large means
of grace when he is obligod to account
her being to be trained into propriety.
A man's ideal is not wonnded when a
woman fails in worldly wisdom ; but if
in grace, in tact, in sentiment, in deli
cacy, in kindnes, she should be found
wanting, he receives an inward hurt.?
The Crops in the North-west.
It is qnito manifest that the advioes
from different seotions of Minnesota,
Wisconsin, northern Illinois, and Iowa
indioato that the prospects for tho yield
of spring wheat aro not so flattering as
they were two weeks ago. In faot, it
seems to bo conceded that tho vield of
1874 will bo far below that of 1873.
Reports from all seotions indicate
that th 1 corn orop looks as well as it
did in 1872, nhioh was an unusually
prolific year, and corn is really food
for both man and boast, and thereforo,
of tho very first importance to the
farmer. The weather continues dry,
nnd if tho corn has hereafter a suffi
cienoy of rain, nnd tho country is not
visited by tho early antumnal frost, tho
farmers will mako on their corn what
they will loso on their smaller wheat
crop. The harvest throughout the
north-west generally will at least be ton
days earlier than it was in 1878,
FACTS AND FAKQIEgr
--Tomatoes wore"'first used ih this
country an_nn edible in the year 1819,
but they did not come into, gem oral use
until more than twenty years subse
quent to that date, ; moil
?A pair of old boots, ;^ bag of salt
and a pound of copperas, if dropped
iu'o a spring at the right "time "or the
year, will go a good ways toward es
tablishing a fashionable summer resort,
?Oshkosh, Wis., boasts of a woman
104 years old, arid, as it is popular to
assign some reason for living so long, it
is asserted*that .she: "never used, ker
?Simeon Gray, of Fort' Hobe,1 Dela
ware, shot himself because some one
left a baby on bis. door-step; , How.
much better to have picked up the in
fant and softly handed it along to the
houso around the corner. t,
?In order to make the lowlands in
Louisiana safe for residents, 1,500
miles of levee, or 50,000,000 cubic
yards of wall will, have ,.to be bnilt.
The necessary repairs at crevasses
alone are expected to cost 03,000,000,
of which Unole Sam is expected to pay
?A writer in the Rural New Yorker
says, that cows should be salted every
morning, and in the stable, before fod
dering, hut never after taking water.
This is the practice of the best stock
keepers of Switzerland,1 and ho thinks
it quite i referable to Baiting thorn once
or twice a week, or to keep it constantly
within their reach. '?' "
?At a Frasbyterian churoh, in Sarato
ga, a sermon was recently delivered on
the Christian's; regatta toward^ the
heavenly goal. He was described, as
feathering his oar with precision,' turn
ing the stakeboat of Ufa with all the
resolution of faith, coming down the
desperate course'of the homestretch
with vigor,.fixing his oyo on the heaven
ly Befereo arid taking good care not to
imitate the disciple " Judos and break
his scull. . ? iil ifliw
?A distinguished clerical gentleman
of Wisconsin is somewhat noted- for
parsimony, and for ''dead-heading"
bis. way on lecture'fours, etc. He has
been a great traveler, and at a social
party in, Madison isvj conversation with ,
the hostess, ho Haid ; " Madam,1 do'you
know that T. n\- Lcandor and
Lord Byron, ~bwarn across tho~ Helles
pont?" The lady eaid: "I havo no
doubt but what you did, rather than
to pay your fare on a steamboat."
?There is a Chine so establishment
on camp street), near Julia, Now Orleans,
that manufactures a peppermint oil;
and the following placard can bo a can
in its show-window :
Hed ake .
Bellio7? *? Tlf
Toth. " tits ?-.?!?*/??
this oil anny per eon
ort to have a bottle in his pocket it will
kure eny kino sickness ware it happen."
? Coioken down is said to form a
beautiful cloth when woven. For about
a square yard of the material, a pound
and a-half of down is required.1-The
fabric is said to be almost indestruct
ible, as, in pla?e of fraying or wearing
out at folds, it only seems to 'felt the
tighter. It takes dye readily, and is
thoroughly ?waterproof. There * ap
pears to bo a good opportunity here for
some ingenious person to invent ma
chines to out and treat feathers.
?Canon Kingsley, in his recent work
on "Health and Education," says:
"Did I try to train a young man of
science to be true, devout, and earnest,
accurate, and daring I should say:
Bead what you will, but at least read
Oarlyle. It is a small matter to mo,
and I doubt not to him, whether, you
will agree with his special conclusions,
but his premises and his method are
irrefragable ; for they stand on fact and
?Some enterprising St. Louisans,
with a number of Southerners, have
negotiated for a tract of territory,
which has been found suitable for the
growth in large quantities of the trop
ical plant, pita, the fibre of which Is
claimed to be superior to iute or hemp.
These gentlemen are of the belief that
very simple machinery will prepare
their plant for market, and that its
manufacture will prove very profitable,
now that the production of hemp is de
creasing in this country.
?The Chicago Tribune has been ex
amining into food adulterations in that
city. The special Held selected has
been au analysis of the groceries sold
at the leading grocery stores it that
city. Specimens have been bought
from various establishments, in the
usual course of trade, of sugar, coffee,
tea, soap, syrups, cream of tartar, bak
ing powders, etc., and they havo been
snbjeoted to analytical te^ts by a skill
ful chemist. The result shows that
every artiolo tested is adulterated to a
greater or lees degree.
?Many young people think .that an
idle life nuist' be a pleasant one. But
this is a sad mistake, as they would
Boon find out if they made a trial of the
life they think so agreeable. One who
is never busy can nover enjoy rest; for
rest implies a relief from previous labor;
and if our whole time were spent in
amusing ourselves, we should find it
more wearisome than the hardest day's
work. Recreation is only valuable as it
unbends us; the idle can know nothing
of it. Many people leave off business
and sot He dowu to a lifo of enjoyment;
bnt they find that thoy aro not nearly
so happy as they were before, and they
are often glad to roturn to the occupa
tions to esoape the miseries.