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G. W. WHITEHEAD,
Editor and Proprietor.
ORANGKBURG, S. C, AUGUST 20,1874.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
One Copy for one year, - $2.00
? ?? " Six Months, - - - 1.00
Our friends wishing to have advertisements
Inserted, in the TIMES, must hand them in
by Monday morning, 10 o'clock.
b?.. tVe are in no way responsible for the
vietes or opinions of our Correspondents.
_imiiiiMinn ?in ?.ii im.? im i.,i,n.i ?,
BLACK AS USUAL;
An old dodgo among pirates was to
run a strip of canvas over the portholes
of their craft, thereby giving tho ves
sel an appearance to the incautious of
being an honest merchantman. Once
in range of her guns the mask was re
moved and tho scull and crossbones of
the bucaneor undeceived the unwary.
Our people are quite as gullible as
they were four years ago when the
reformers on trcetops, housetops, nnd
barrel head tops, cried out reform,
reform; And not a few to-day aro
weak enough to believe that Chamber
lain may be a little fitter for Governor
than was Moses. The idea seems to
be; get out the old score of piratcs,and
let a new set come in. "Wo disapprove
of any such change. If thieves muot
be in, let the old hands remain; they
may (as an old conductor on a Western
road once said) "have enough of tho
fancy, while a new one will be obliged
to help himsolf." No the programme
will not suit; Eight long years this
people have waited for reform, until
it is a trite saying even among the less
extreme radicals, that the stealing will
never stop so long as there is anything
to steal. Tlia Governor is publicly
branded as a thief and liar by his clan;
the clan are arraigned as thieves and
liars by the Governor; and amid this
disgusting reeking olla podrida. of
modern government, the people remain
passive, and searcely writhe under the
yoke. The radicals are in for a new
.grab,more huge than before. Dare they
you ask; yes they dare; while we say
aye; in our supinoness. What is to be
done; Do your duty, every taxpayer
should be enrolled in the tax union,
and every tax union should be a cen
sor over every precinct, and every
officer from the muddle-headed school
trustee, to the airaiable profiicient
designing Governor elect, or Governor
expectant should be watched, and if
he steals, or winks at stealing, have
him arrested, as you would tho poor
negro who breaks your corn house,ami
with more propriety send him to jail.
The enemies of the South, are the
enemies of law, of order, and of tho
country generally. In playiug upon
the string of radicalism, which in its
abnormal state is excess, extravagance,
nnd license, they are making music for
the harpies, who with the affected vir
tue of self abnegation, gather around
the body of the State politic to swarm
over it as vultures over their prey.
With the genesis of radicalism(politely
called repulicanism) began the exodus
of every element of decency. Offioe
is used for blackmail; position an
auction mart; law a mockery, and
justice a hideous musk. Now the
putrcsccnt enrcaao is exuding so intol
erable a stench, that some of tho vul
tures are fleeing tho bones of the car
case, and spreading their wings for a
flight to itE-form. In all the virtuous
asseverations of public men since 1867
there has been but one prominent
feature, that an unprejudiced eye could
infallibly detect, in their motives "We
rise though all else sinks." A balloon
tied with a rope, and the rope held by
the crowd below would typify in its
oscillating capers a demagogue at host;
But a radical oflice holder (speaking
abstractly) is the balloon turned loose,
and tho collapse that ensues is ow
ing to the acricl castaway and not
the clement which it is unfit to navi
gate. Public life demands pure men,
strong men, and noble men. Oflice
uuist force the man from his retirement
to its unpromising reward. Ho that
sacrifices all to get office, may sec be
hind the office a compensation that
patriotism spurns, nnd virtue decries
as contemptible. The motives nnd
laws that emanate from tho party, and
force the colored people to hold to
radicalism in spite of aeonviciion that
they .are holding to wrong, must drive
live while population to prepare sueJi
?Asels and safe guards us will pave
theiu from injury. Hence the "white
leagues" forming in J>ouisana and
elsewhere to protect white in on from
being ruled out . ol thti walk.- uf holtest
labor. One fact is patent tho negro is
familiarly patted for cvr> office; and
kicked up the Iii st occasion that offers.
He is cajoled as tho modern Phoeni
cian, to open up grand avenues of
civilization for the future- and will
soon find himself on the expanse of
disappointment, with a friendless fu
ture, and a darkening night of increos
Mr. Editor.?In the midst of a
political exciteracn t, when our white
citizens are being stirred up by the
hope of better times and the negroes
abandoning the fields for radical mass
meetings, may I be pardoned for an
effort to call the attention away from
theses cones to a subject more tangible
and of equal in port an cc, perhaps,to the
prosperity of the country. I propose
to give you one or two articles touch
ing the farming interest, aud to state
some facts deduced from tho experi
ence of a few practical and successful
It was my good fortune lost week to
accompany the crop committee of
Washington Grange on their visits to
the farms of Mr. Thomas Collier, Dr.
J. W. Summers Mr. J. M. Moss and
Dr. J. A. Keller; and never was the
timo more profitably or pleasantly
spent. Being the "fat man" of the par
ty, your correspondent had his doubts
and fears as to his ability of doing
full justice each day to a walk of from
two to five miles over cotton and com
fields under a July sun; but, whether
it wos the- watermelons?the best he
ever saw, or the grapes,-?the most de
licious, or the cotton and corn?good?
in every instance, or the conversation
?instructive and often full of wit and
pleasant, or the anticipated Grang
er's dinner, he Knows not; but the "fat
man," coat off and sweating profusely,
found himself out ahead in the journey
every time, which proves conclusively
the fallacy of the old proverb, "a lean
dog for a long chose." Should you
ever feel disposed, Mr. Editor, to leave
the Sanctum lor a short recreation in
the country, let me commend you to
these planters for instruction, to their
wives for good dinners and to this
committee for exercise. This lost does
its work well, and especially so to its
satesfaction at the dinner table. This
advice will not be appreciated until
you take it. Permit me here, before
posting on, to suggest to the other
Grangers of our county the propriety
of appointing a similar committee. The
advantages are immense not only for
gathering statistics and imparting in
formation, but for giving an impetus
to the social fcaturo of the order.
Listening to the conversation of these
gentlemen with the committee, I learn
ed a fact which the world, hitherto and
justly, has been loath to admit, that is
the subject of agriculture is rapidly
assuming the proportions of a science.
Success, remunerative success, on the
part of the fanner, requires as much
knowledge of speculative principles as
a chemist does to resolve his com
pounds into their simple elements, or
the philosopher in dealing with his
abstract truths, or the jurist in law.
Indeed so numerous and fixed arc the
principles in this science that eminence
should bo as promptly accorded in the
one case as in the other; and the man
who makes a discovery which estab
lishes a law in this department of learn
ing, should be considered as much a
public benefactor and friend to science
as Franklin in fixing the laws of elec
tricity, or Newton, the laws of gravi
tation. The experience of these and
other successful planters tenches that
no man need expect distinction in
agriculture unless he is willing to com
bat and explode; tho prcconcieved
notions and prejudices which have
based tho judgment of men for ages.
Like Mr. Dickson, ho must by natural
force of mind wring from the public a
verdict that will establish his reputa
tion as one of the most eminent plant
ers of the South.
Formerly agriculture was purely an
art and men wore content to bow, hoo
and plow with little or no aim beyond
the actual supply of the necessary
food and clothing of life, advancing
only a degrco beyond the rudeness of
savage life. Thcie may have been,
and I supposo are, a few laudable ex
ceptions yet we arc obliged to admit
that success was due moro to chance
than to knowledge of theory. Practico
was opposed to theory. Now the ad
vancement of civilization and the
more goncral diffusion of knowledge
havo increased the wants of the world
and forced the planter, at least, to
labor with more definite aims to meet
tin. new requirements. His own per
sonal wants have, by force of circum
stances, been merged into those of the
general public; hence- to meet the
constantly accumulating demands, it
becomes- necessary to apply himself
assiduously to the study of soil, nature
of plants and modes of cultivation of
soil, that he may know whether the
elements of fertility exist in sufficient
quantities and in the chemical and
physical condition to be appropriated
by the plants; of the natnro of plants,
that he may understand their qualities
and their adaptation to different soils;
and lastly of modes of cultivation,
that after he understands the soil and
nature of plants, he may know what
mode to adopt so as to get the largest
yield for the labor to be expended.
Here wo see that in some one of these
particulars, and perhaps iff* all, a
knowledge of the principles of chemes
try and physics is absolutely necessary
to successful farming. This knowledge
muat be obtained either by along and
experienced course of experiments, or
by direct tuition in agricultural col
leges. He, therefore, who wishes for
eminent success, must realize the fact
that agriculture is a science involving
not a few fixed laws of its own but the
cardinal principle of every other
science; all of which he must master
by mental labor and apply in daily
practice. To this end we must educate :
our sons because tho wants of the world
the progress of the age and uor own
well-being demand it of us.
?o much Mr. Editor for agriculture
as a science; my next will embrace
the facts deduced from the experience
of these gentlemen. S.
[For the Oranoebuho Times.]
CAw Caw Township, Aug. 13*1844.
Pursuant to the notice of special
meeting by School Trustees of School
District No. 11, the qualified voters,
numbering 104, whito and colored,
assembled at the Caw Caw schoolhouse
O. B. Riley was requested to act as
temporary chairman. Mr. Riley dis
closed the object of the meeting, stated
that the next business iu order was the
election of a permanent chairman and
secretary, which resulted in the elec
tion of O. B. Riley as chairman, and
A. H. Wolfe as Secretary. It was
moved by Dr. J. A. J. Hilderbrand
aud seconded by P. M. Houscr, that
the four (4) mill tax levied joy the
school district on the 27th day of June'
last, be repealed, which was adopted.
It was then moved moved by P. M.
Heuser and seconded by L. A. Zoigler
that a tax of two (2) mills be levied
on tho real and personal pioperty of
Caw Caw township for educational
purposes, which was adopted. Upon
motion of Dr. J. A. J. Hilderbrand,
it was resolved that the proceeding of
this meeting be published in the
Orangcburg papers. There being no
further business the meeting adjourned
sine, die. A. H. Woi.fe,
^> ? i?
[Fon the OnAKOEnuno Times.]
Union Towship, Aug. 14, 1874.
A Tax Uuiou, known as Robert
Swamp Tax Union, was organized on
tho 12th instant with the following
President, Dr. J D Cleckly,
Vice-Presidcut, W A Eastcrlin,
Treasurer, E J Smoke,
Secretary, C C McMillan.
Zion Township, Aug. 14,1874.
On Saturday 14th, Zions Township
organized its Tax Union with the fol
President,C M McMichael,
Vice-President, B H Burton,
Treasurer, Dr. J C Holman,
Secretary A W Thariu.
Executive Committee?D. Smonk,
Wm, Joynor, Jeremiah Riley, S. P.
Smonk and Lewis Smonk.
The next meeting to be held on the
Saturday before tho third Sunday in
September, at the three o'clock P. M.
Cow Castle Township, Aug. 15,1874.
A meeting of the taxpayers of Cow
Castle township, held August tho 15th
organized a Tax Union to known as
the Cow Castle Tax Union of Orangc
burg County. Tho ^following officers
President, D L Connor, ,
Vice-President, Jacob Whotsel,
Treasurer, John Whctsol,
Secretary, J F Jackson,
Executive Committee?W T Patrick
M E Bair and J D Rickenbakor.
The Governor has appointed F. R.
McKinlay, A.B. Knowlton and R. R.
Duncan, Commissioners of Election for
Constitution of Orange Township
Whereas the enormous taxation im
posed upon property in South Carolina
threatens to reduce both proprietors,
and laborers, to ruin, the undersigned
taxpayers of Orange Township, with a
view to co-operation with their fellow
taxpayers of the County, and State, in
efforts for relief, hereby agree to form
a Tax Union for said Township, and
adopt the following Constitution;
1. This Union shall be called the
Orange Township Tax Union.
2. The objects of this Union are:
the reduction of taxation within proper
limits; and the promotion of an honest
and economical administration of State
and County affairs.
3. The officers of this Union shall
be: a President, a Vice President, a
Secretary, a Treasurer, and Executive
Committee of five members, including
the President,and Vice President, who
shall be members ex officio. They
shall boid oracc for one year and until
their successors are appointed and
4. All Taxpayers of this Township
whithout distinction of party or race,
who are friendly to the objects of this
Union, are eligible to membership. -
5. Applications for membership
must be made in writing?be addressed
to the Union?be signed by the appli
cant, or by his authority, and give his
full name and address. They shall be
submitted to the Executive Committee
who may report thereon at any meet
ing of the Union, and a majority of the
members present shall be sufficient to
6. Regular meetings of this Union
shall beheld monthly at such time and
place as shall be fixed by vote. Extra
meetings may be held upon the call of
the Executive Committee.
7. Each member shall pay to the
Treasurer an initiation fee of fifty cents
and also such uniform percentage not
exceeding two per cent on his general
tax for State and County purposes, as
may be called for by tho Executive
Committee with the approval of the
Union; and such percentage shall be
declared und collected before the first
day of-of each year,
o. There shall be prepared and kept
by the Secretary,open to the inspection
First, A full Roater of the names of
the members of this Union,stating the
place of residence of each.
Second, A full Record of the names
of all taxpayers in Orange Township
The Secretary shall also prepare, and
send to the Executive Committee of
the County Union for the County, a
Duplicate copy of said Roster and
9. This Union shall appoint Dele
gates to represent it in the County
Union for Ornngcburg County, as
recommended by the Executive Com
mittee of the Taxpayers Convention.
10. This Constitution may be amend
cd by tho vote of two thirds of the
members of this Union, svbjcct to the
ratification of the Stnte Union, or by
a vote of the State Union subject to
the ratification of two thirds of tho
THE SPARTANBURa AND
NATURE'S HIGHWAY ACROSS THE
Light Grades,, Easy Curves, No Tun
Let it be Built Speedily.
A link in the Air Line Road between
the cities of Cincinnati, St. Louis, Chicago
and Charleston, seventy-four (74) miles
long, with less than twenty (20) miles of
Shorter than nny line from New York,
Philadelphia and Baltimore to cither of
these eitics, and many hundred miles nearer
to these centres of Western Trade than any
existing line to Charleston.
The road that promises to make Charles
ton the market for the trade of the Great
Northwest, the West Indies, South Amor,
icn nud Europe; also an importnnt emigrant
ECONOMICAL IN CONSTRUCTION
SAFE IN MANAGEMENT AND
PROFITABLE IN RESULTS.
An important enterprise for the develop
ment of South Carolina.
Shares Fifty Dollars (50) each, payable
in ten (10) instalments.
Every citizen of this State should own at
least one share.
Charleston with her magnificent Harbor
and genial climate; her immense undevel
oped back country, containing a fertile soil,
tine pusturc grounds und inexhaustible water
power; her contiguity to the West Indies
and South. America, and her unparnUcd
European ocean course, is destined, upon
the completion of this important Trunk
Line, to emero from her prostrated cen
dition and become what nature hnA intended
she should he, the great commercial metropo
lis of the Southern &cction of the United Slates.
LIMIT OP STOCKHOLDERS' LIABILITY.
The following clause in the charter is
published for the information of subscribers:
Sec. 4. "That no stockholder of said com
pany shall he held liable for tho debts, con
tracts or acts of said corporation beyond the
amounts actually subscribed to the Capital
Stock of said Company by such stockholder.
George W. Williams, 15. Bqlhuann, A'va
Gage, Theodore I). Jervev, Theodore G
Barker, John S. Fairly, Gabriel Gannon,
John II. Evins, T. B. Jeter, T). R. Duncan,
James E. Black, John S. Wiley.
Principal Office and address, 25 Broad
street, Charleston, S* C
C. fh M EMM ING ER, President.
A. C. KAUFMAN, Secretary and Treas
urer, july 16, 3ro.
FOR THE BEST FAMILY FLOUR
Lowest prices go to Store of
JOHN A. HAMILTON.
McMICHAEL & BLUME*,
PAY THE HIGHEST CASH PRICE FOR COUNTRY PRODUCE',,
And continue to keep the same on hand for Sale, Cheap for cash.
OUR GROCERY DEPARTMENT
Haying lntely been Replenished, we are offering a better Article for Leas Morer than
ever before. FLOUR, BACON, LARD &C, A SpeciX?.
DYR GOODS and C^OTHINC*,
AT AND BEIaDW COST.
BOOTS, SHOES, HATS and OAFS on Hand,
The following floe brands of SEGARS. such as "La Floresta,"' "Lyon," genuine "FigsroV
Tobaccos of every grade on hand. A fresh supply of Lager Beerr topped sn&vtmfy for use.
THIS IS THE TIME ANS PLACE
T?P*^ANY^I1INCL?ttU ^SHiI^iTHE?^^OCERY LrNB SUCH AS'
Flour Bacon, Prepared Ham, Lard, Better, MoUas-sa, Sugar, Coffee Ac, A, AT THE;
And in rear of the Grocery, is the
"WHICH is kept full of the finest grades of LIQUORS; SEGARS Ac,, wE&h will be
Sold to suit the purchaser. Call and sec for yourself.
March 26 . 1374 tf
ENTERPRISE CLUB ROOMS,
DBMARS * WOLFE,
HAVE JUST RECEIVED A FRESH LOT OF LIQUORS AND SEG&RS; ANI>
SIT 1 Receiving everyday the
. Patronage of* tlie Public,.
"WHO come in there to pass a pleasant hour, by playing a social gome of'Billiard* on theft
newly fitted tables. If you want anything
In the Liquor Line
GO to the Enterprise Club Rooms, for yon will find in it everything'
segars of the following popular brands
IMPERIAL REGALIA, LONG TOM, GOLDEN EAGLE, JA ROSE,
PERCY 8EMPLE, LA NO.MEA, 8WKET HOME, HENRY CLAY
Ja?.1 1874. tf
J S ALBERGOTTI,
-CORNER RUSSELL -STREET AND RAIL ROAD AVENCTL
HAS a full Stock of everything in the GROCERY l?nc "?J Receiving daily
to has already Full Stock Fair Dealing and low price* U the motto thin Hou?e?
Just Received a Lot of Prepared Haut, Dried Iteef,
BACON. SIDES, riHOLDERS, HAMS, 8TRIPSr SUGAR. COFFEE,
FLOUR Molasses, Syrup, &c, at reduced prices. Call and he convinced.
??""ORDERS Promptly Filled and Delivered Fwc ot Chnrjge.~T?a
FOR SALE ;
1. Platform SCALE, in good Order, Capacity XOOO pownd?.
Feb. 19 1H74 * If
OEOROE H. CORNELSON,
BEGS TO INFORM HIS FRIENDS and THE PUBLIC IN GENE RAI ,
THAT HE IS NOW RECEIVING III*
And that the same will bc-rcady in a few days for inspection. It comprises all the latent
novelties in all the different brunches of
DRY GOODS, HATS, ROOTS, SHOES
GLASS,WOOD and WILLOW-WARE,
A nice Assortment r eady made Clothing*
THE same having been bought with an EYE to the Wants and Necesutie* of my
Customers under the present Hard Times, I am enabled to give everybody Full va
the Money and full Satisfaction, Inviting an early Ins|>celion, I remain Repectfully Yonm,
OEO. 11. CORNELSON.
May 14,-1874 tf
? GS^?9 m ^
?? ? 2
P A o.
P3 ? *
NU F AC1URERS OF BUILDING MATERIAL GENERALLY
Dressed Flooring, Ceiling, "Weather Board?,
Mouldings for Building Purposes, in Great Variety.
NEWELS, HAND-RAILS, vALLUSTERS, "WOOD-TURNING and SCROLL
GOOD AND SUBSTANTIAL WORK made as cheap at this establishment aa can
be made in the United States. We have on hand the largest stock of the above, South of
the city of Baltimore, all of which wo guarantee will givo entire satisfaction to all whe
_. i t . l __1. Tl,? ....!, ..,..:i.?.. . ...... il.., ??1,. nmnilinl mwlitinir-l?KfUn
the character of their work for the past twenty years. NOTICE?On account o! me
manner in which we box up our work, and our own assumption of the risk ?*. j**??****?
of Glass with ordinary handling,*our goods are shipped over theroads^in thlawatea^
HALF RATES, which is a great saving to the purchaser of otir work.
. May 21, ' W. P. RUSSELL & CO., Charleston, S. C.