Newspaper Page Text
dRANQEBURQ,S. C, SEMf. 10,1874.
STILES H. MELLICH AMP, Editor.
Pudusiieii and Business Manage?.
B@,? We are in no xcay responsible for the
views or opinions of our Corresiwndcnts.
Many of the papers of the Stnio aro
placing the name of General Kershaw
at the 'head of their columns as tho
Conservative candidate for Governor.
It will be remembered that wo have
already-endorsed him as, in. our opin
ion, the best man in tho State for this
position, and wo hope that he will bo
nominated by tho Conservative con
vention. Howover, as the good of the
State should bo the solo aim of all, wo
are opposed to any course which may
in any way trammel the action of this
Convention. On thin nnnount wo
should not bo too urgent with our per-,
sonal preferences.. We think General
Kerehaw is the proper man, but our
neighbors may think General John A.
Wagener or some one else. On this
account we are willing to leave the
matter entirely with the Convention,
which, with its better advantages for
gaining light, must assuredly arrive nt
the wisest decision.
It will-bo seed that President Grant
has decided to send troops down South
to maintain order during tho present
political agitations. We think this a
wise precautionary step, if the troops
intend to discharge their duty impar
tially. So far from objecting to their
comiug, we believe that Patterson's
much dreaded Ku-klux Rifle clubs
will volunteer to assist them iu putting
down the rioters. We would also ad
vise all fox-hunters to refrain from
such amusements as may shock the
sensitive nerves of the shining Radi
cal lights. If these lights go out, it is
true we will see no more rioters, but it
is cruel and illegal' for fox-hunters to
put them out.
HONEST GOVERNMENT LEAGUE.
We notice that some of the most
intelligent and honest colored people
of Charleston, being awakened, at last,
to tho truo ooudition of political affairs,'
have formed themselves into a league
styled os?bovet We need no further
evidence that the movement is respect
able, if not strong, than tho fact that
Maj, M. R.J)clancy,dccidedly the most
sensible colored man in the State, is an
active participant in all tho delibera
tions. As is naturally to be expected,
the unscrupulous and diabolical Radi
cal ring, fearing any honest reform
movement that may lead to the termi
nation of their reign of plunder, arc
attempting to break it up by inter
rupting the ward meetings. However
the platform has been adopted and
promulgated, of which the following
extract will give an idea:
"So soon ns this organization is ef
fected, it is proposed to summon n con
vention consisting of delegates from
the various societies. This convention
shall be strictly a colored Republican
convention, representing the honest
colored people of tiio State At the
same time we'invitc that a white con
vention shall bo assembled consisting
of the representatives of the capital of
the J3tate,; It is proposed that the two
conventions, by means of committees
of conference, shall enter into a for
mal covenant, by which they agree to
divide equally between them the offi
ces capable of division, and to unite
upon such as are not. Upon this ba
sis the nominations of the respective
The, plan ig very similar to that of
Minority representation advocated
some time ngo in an able letter to the
colored people by Major Delaney, and
in the taxpayers Convention by Mr.
Chamberlain, at a time when he was
probably temporarily tormented with
an honest desire to quit bad company.
Tho only difference is that it proposes
to divide the offices equally, whilo the
system ?. of minority representation
would divido them according to tho
numerical strength of the two races or
parties,1 which we think moro just.
This inovcmcnt is inaugurated by
tho colored people, ns it properly
should bo; and ? if not defeated by
the ring for tho accomplishment of
their fiendish purposes, will undoubt
ed!^ /cad to'tho harmony of the races
??d tho prosperity of the country. Wo
have always thought, and it js gener
ally belioypd, that the colored penplo
will do better, solely under the guid
ance of the bes.t men of their own race,
than of White men whoso only gbjeoi.
is to Use them as vehicles to office and
plunder; and whoso much boasted
republicanism would vanish before :i
whito majority or tho proposed color
line, as the morniug dew before the
blazing orb of day. Wero it otherwise
|(why did thoy not appear upou tho
stage in 1800 to let their light shine
for tho benefit of tho erring, instead of
waiting until 1865? Such a courso
would have proved their sincerity and
entitled tlicm to public confidenco.
Judge Cook cxibited himself at
Ninety-Six last week. ^,
L. Oass Carpenter has gotten over i
his scare, and has returned to Colum
Hno. J. A. Wagoner of Charleston
is spoken of as a conservative cauidate
Hon. A. H. Stephans has been re
nominated to Congress from one of the
A negro desperado named Lern
Moro, defies arrest in tho vicinity of
Gen. Toombs will probably bo a
canidate fer Governor of 'Georgia at
tho next election.
A. S. Wallace has been renominatcd
by tho Republicans to represent tho
sixth Congressional District,
The Conservatives of Lancaster have
nominated a full county ticket, made
up of men of intelligence and integrity.
Hon. Patrick Walsh, of tho Augusta
Chronicle and Sentinel, is again nom
inated for the Georgia Legislature.
Ex-President Davis made a noble
speech in Memphis lately, on tho sub
ject of tho riots. Ho is undoubtly a
great and good man'
The Abbeville Medium thinks that
tho man who writes Judge Cookie's his
tory may get a chapter from the
newspapers, and entitle it "Cookies."
A new party is organized in Missouri
called the "Peoples Party". Tho Con
vention nominated Gentry for Gov
ernor and Headier for Lieutenant Goy
Hon. Julian Hartridgo was nomi
nated for Congress from the First Dis
trict by -the Democratic convention
held at Brnshear, Ga., yesterday, on
tho seventh ballot.
D. F. Berry the Sheriff of Marion,
was assaulted on Monday lost by
W. D. Johnson and severely stabbed.
Johnson who was shot in the arm, was
sent to jail.
The survivors in the old W. L. I.
of Charleston will hold a fair in that
city to increase the charitable fund
for the support of tho widows and or
phans of their deceased members.
A split has taken place in the Re
publican party of Barnwell County.
One convention is called to meet at
Blackyillc, in the interest of the Leslie
clique, and the other at Barnwell.
The Beaufort Republican County
convention instructed the delegates to
the State Convention to vote for a'
man whose record will not bo a
disgrace to tho party. They arc not
pledged to any of tho candidates.
Col. J. P. Thomas delivered an ad
dress on Monday Aug. 31st in tho up
per part of this State on "South Caror
lina, in the past, the present and fu
ture." It was said to be ono of the
finest and best delivered ever heard.
Ex-Govner Perry is out in a letter
denying that tho Republican party
desire reform. He advises white and
blacks to join together upon n plat
form of honesty, and if the blacks
refuse to vote with us, for tho whites
to refuse to hire them.
Joseph and James Coulter (white)
while working tho road near Su niter
S. C. recently, were brutally assaulted
by two colored men, Preston Shaw
and Major Singleton, with handspikes,
axes, and knives. Tho negroes approa
ched the Coulters stealthily. The latter
were seriously wounded, and may have
been murdered, wero it not for tho
timely interposition of Mr. Chandler.
Dr E. T. Winkler recently of
Charleston has written a very ablo
and interesting nrticlo in tho Inter
national Review on "The Negroes in
tho Gulf States" Ho bolievcs that
tho emigration of tho blacks to the
Southwest will solve the social, politi
cal, and industrial problem of tho
South. Ho thinks tho government
should set apart for them a reservation
as jt has for the Indians,
Good Advice to Farmers.
Mr. Editor:?My laBtcor^raunica
tion ended with Iho necessity for" fnrrn
I era understanding their soils,tiic nnture
of plants and modes of eujjivntion;
this article begins with tho nresump
tiou that this information has been
acquired, and tho farmer link not only
selected his soil and plant, but is ready
to begin tho work preparatory to
planting. Of course thorough drainage
without which no soil can In produc
tive, is assumed. j
Tho first principle, theuy which
seems to bo decided by the experience of
Drs. Summers and Kcller,Mc^rs, Moss
and Collior is, that soil, of ^h a to vor
nature, should bo broken urj as deeply
as possible before planting. The rea
son for this Ecems to be very obvious,
and the advantages, numerous. It
increases the sponginess through which
tho rootlets draw organic'ftjfod from
tho atmosphere without. During sea
sons of protracted drought *tTie roots
aro enabled to pierce dcon arid obtain j
the moist uro from below which gives
tho plant'powor to retain its vigor and
growth for a much longor time. Deep
soiling also may servo tho purpose of
making the roots more fibrous and
numerous, so as to put tho plant in a
position to gather all the available
food in the soil, however merger that
suiplv may be. Tho expedience of
r any other successful planters estab
lishes beyond a douht, deep soiling as
a fixed principle in agriculture.
After supplying the fertilizing ele
ments, of which the soil is suflpcsed to
be deficient, the next step is planting
the seod. Now these gentlemen seem
to be not so well united, agreeing,
however, that close planting^ better
thau the old method of allowing dis
tance for cotton. Dr. Summers and
Mr. Moss asserts that cotton glfcuM be
allowed distance between thtflieds for
the circulation of air, net less than
four icct, and crowded in the drill;.
Dr. Keller, opposing this, argues that
three feet between beds is ample dis
tance to admit the atmosphere to cir
culate freely and like Gen. Johnson is
willing to submit his skill ns spinnt ci
to the test of success. The best, and
only reason given by theso gentlemen
is, that more bolls can be raised to the
square foot by this method than by
any other. It is well to say in this
connection that each of these planters
have fine crops of cotton -Uiat wjU
average very nearly a bale per acre;
Dr. Summers, it - was agreed, would
realize a heavier yield. Very many
eminently successful planters maintain
a directly opposite theory, asserting
that a large yield^caunot he \calized
except by giving distance both ways.;
and their own. equally successful, cx
perience is given as evidence. The
utmost that can he said to reconcile the
difference is, thnt both theories may be
right under certain circumstances;
further rcscrchcs into the habits of this
plant may show more light upon the
subject. At nil events, experiments
have not been sufficiently definite in
results to determine any particlar.
theory as the correct one. The subject
The generally accepted mode of cul
tivation consists simply in frequently
pulverizing the surface soil. Deep
ploughing, whereby the numerous lat
eral roots arc cut to tho the irreparable
injury of the growing plant, has been
abandoned as false in theory and
ruinous in practice. Repeated shallow
plowings keep the surface fresh, and,
during hot weather, in the proper con
(lition to catch tho deposits of dew
which is readily admitted to tho roots
through the pores of tho loose soil be
low. The same principle holds good
with rain. On the contrary,* tho sur*
face being hard, the water runs off
carrying away its fertilizing g^ases and
much of the portions of the soil. Cul
tivation now, does not eonsist^n taking
earth from, or throwing it to tho plant
as formerly, but in pulverizing tho
surface in order to keep it in the proper
condition to absorb rain, dew and the
acids of tho atmosphere, rendering
these fertilizers available for tho roots.
All good fanning depends upon lib
eral and judicious manuring; indeed,
fertility of soil is the only true basis
of success. It is worso than folly for
a man to expect largo crops from bar
ren lands, however deep may bo his
preparations, or neat his cultivation.
The proper clcmontsof plant food must
bo in the soil beforo success can be ex
pected. Hence it becomes a mattor
of tho first importance to know what
elements of fertility tho soil contains.
Now, as heretofore, our farmers dopend
for this knowlcdgo upon experiments,
which are being made in various \vaya
and with as varied results. Theories,
based upon these alone, are uucertuin;
i because whilest they arc successful in
I one case they fail utterly in another,
even in the same neighborhood. Fer
tilizers, succeeding iu one field, often
provo worse than nothing on another
in tho sanio farm. This difference to
tho experiments seems incomprehensi
ble and he .still goes on expending an
amount of capital and labor to little
purpose. ? Experience teaches that
cotton requires certain constituents
from tho soil and cannot be produced
v/hero these aro absent; corn, on tho
other hand, requiring different consti
tuents, will often yield good crops
where co .ton fails. Why this difference?
Would not .science reveal it and give
tho very information the farmer needs.
Analysis of soils would show the ele
ments of fertility contained in them ;
that of plants, the elements required to
produce them. With this knowledge' a
practical farmer would not attempt to
cultivate a plaut, needing ammonia,
in a Boil wanting in this clement; nor
a plant, requiring phophoricacid, in a
soil deficient in that element; without
seeking to supply the deficiency by a
j fertilizer containing the proper consti
tuents. To do so would stamp him not
only as imprudent but unwise in the
first degree. A series of experiments
may accidently determine a principle
in agriculture. Mr. Cur will, in this
way, discovcied that Bluo Vitriol was
a preventativo of rust on wheat; and
Dr. Summers, by a spries of experi
ments, has proved to his.own satisfac
tion that stable monure is a remedy for
rust in cotton; yet science in a majority
of instances would lead us by a shorter
and safer wny to surer results. Ex
periments often prove unsatisfactory
from tho want of a fixed purpose, but
when guided by the light of science,
give us tho best security of success.
Indeed so rapid has been the develop
ments of fixed principles iu agriculture
that the intelligent beginner need I nve
no fonrs of failure on account of inex
perience, but enter * boldly upon his
profession, building his hopes of success
upon tho experience of others. S.
[Fou theOranoeuuro Times.]
Editor Orangeburg Times:
At the suggeston oTa number of the Bab
hath Schools of the M* K. Church, South, at
Orangcburg C. H., S. C, the paster, Uev. J.
B. Cunthcll, appointed Thursday 2?th of
August, for a meeting of the Teachers of tho
.School to take into consideration tho im
portance of drawing up suitable resolutions,
relativR to the death of n much loved Tcacl -
ei"? Mini Fannie A. Dibble, who died on
the 20th bf the month. The Meeting vaa
held this day, as per appointment, at the
parsonage. After prayer by the Pastor,
your correspondent was requested to net as
Tlic following preamble and revolutions
w ere offered and adopted by the meeting:
117knr., it lias pleased almighty God in
his wine Providence to take out of tili?
world the soul of our deceased sinter, Miss
Fannie A. Dibble, for a long time identifi
ed with our Sunday School at a scholar nnd
then as a teacher;
And Wheras, it is eminently proper that we
give expression to our greif as friends, and
to our lo.'s as a school in this mysterious dis
pensation of Divine Providence, therefore,
Resolved, That wo vecognire the Divino I
hand in this inscrutable visitation, and bow
submissively to the will of Him who doeth
nil things well.
Rsolved, That we are called upon to mount
the loss of one of our most worthy nnd act
ive Sunday School workers, whi> wjm always
at her po.-1 of duty when permitted to be
Resolved, That we bIiow our appreciation
of her rare virtues nnd general Christian
chracter by treasuring up lier memory, and
by endeavoring to imitate her many exccl
Resolved. That a copy of these resolutions
he forwarded to the family of our deceased
companion nnd friend, with the nssurenco
of our sympathy nnd prayers in this sore
Resoleed That, these resolutions be for
warded to tho Sourthen Christian Advocate
nnd to the papers of this town, with the
request that they publish them at as early a
day as practie*able.
MISS REBECCA S. ALBEBGOfTI.
Agnin desires to return his Uratoful Thanks
to the public for the magnanimous and lib
eral Support given him. ByassiduduB efTorts
nnd faithful performances of the Responsible!
duties devolving upon him as dispenser of
Medicines, he hope's ever to maintain thicr
confidence nnd patronage. nl2-tf
One Tract of Laud one mile below Branch
ville, on the South Carolina Railroad, con
taining live hundred acres more or less.
One. tract five miles above llranchville on
the Columbia branch of the South Carolina
Railroad containing four hundred acres,
One tract containing about six hundred
acres in Barnwell county, on Kelisto River,
three miles from llranchville- The above
lands arc oak and hickory and arc No. 1 for
cotton or provision.
I will sell several lots in the village of
llranchville well improved. All or any part
of tho above property I will sell on tho most
liberal terms. Apply to tho subscriber at
Hranchville. J. D. D. FA IRE Y.
l}oks, Munc, Stationery, and Fancy
ORANGEBURG, C. H., S. G.
June 11, 1?74 If
GLOVER & GLOVER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office opposite Court House Square.
T. W. Gloveb, Mortimer Glover,
Feb. 10 _tf_
MOSES M. BROWN,
MARKET STREET, OBANQERUEG, S. C,
(NEXT BOOR TO STRAITS A STREET'S MILL.)
U A VING permanently located in the (own
KM. would respectfully solicit the patronage
of the citizens* Every effort will be used to
June 18, 1873 18 ly
ST. MATHEWS ACADEMY
The first term of thia School will begin on
the First Monday in September, 1874, under
the fluperriflion of Mr. Hugo 6. Sheridan.
Instruction will be thorough, and hoyH pre
pared for any class in College.
TUITION PER MONTH.
First grade, or begiunera.$2.00
Second " or Grammer scholars $2.50
Third " or Advanced scholars cS.OO
Latin and Greek 50 cents' extra, each.
Board can be had in excellent families near
the Academy .and also witnin easy walking
distance of the Lutheran and the Methodist
churches at the following rates .*
Per school week..$1.50
Per school month from $10.00 to 12.00
nug. *?0 4t
A Southern House.
(TOO S HACKER'S
DOORS, SA SH and
King, Opposite Cannon Street,
Charleston, S. C.
rhe only house of the kind in thin City own
nnd managed by a Carolinian.
A Largo Stock always on hand, and
sold at 20 per cent, less than Northern
G-eo. S. Hacker
Oha-i'lestoix* S- C
T. O. BOX 170. Ort, no?ly
_._?- . i. JJ
GO TO TEXAS "
VIA 1 UK
LONE STAU 110UTE!
INT?IINATIONAI* & GllKAT NORTHERN B.R.
Passengers going to Texas via Memphis
ami Little Kock, or via Bbrevcport, strike
this line at .Longvicw, the Best Route to
Palestine Hearne, Waco, Austin, Hunts'
ville, Houston, Galveston and all points in
Western, Central, Eastern and and Southern
Passengers via New Orleans will .ind it
tho Best Route to Tyler, Mineola. Dallas,
Overtoil, Crockett, Longvicw and all points
in Eastern and Northeastern Texas.
This line is well built, thoroughly equip
ped with ev**ry modern improvement, inclu
ding New nnd Elegant Day Ccaehes,PuUroan
Palace Sleeping Cars, Wcstinghouae Air
Brakes, Miller's Patent Safty Platforms and
Couplers; and nowhere else can thepnwenger
so completely depend on "a speedy safe and
The Long Star' Route has admirably an
swered the query: '?How to to go to Texas?"
by the publication of an inicrcsiing and
truthful document .containing a valuable and
correct map, srhieh can be obtained, free of
charge, by addressing the General Ticket
Agent, International and Great Northern
Railroad, Houston, Texas* District E.1
THE SFAETANBURO AND
NATURE'S HIGHWAY ACROSS? THE
Light Grades, -Easy Curves, No Tun
Let it be Built Speedily^
A link in tho Air Line llxxuV TSefwcen
the cities of Cincinnati, St LoutK, CiWc?ae*
and Charleston, aeventy-four roiiec
long, with less than twenty (29*1 miles of
Shorter than any line from Netf York,
Philadelphia and Baltimore to either of
these cities, and many hundred miles itear-er
to these centres of Western Trade thaw any
existing line to Charleston.
The road that promises to make Charlcs
| ton the market for the trade of the Great
Northwest, the West Indies, .South Amer,
ica ond Europe; also an important emigrant
ECONOMICAL IN CONSTRUCTION
SAFE IN MANAGEMENT AND
PROFITABLE IN R4?S!#LT8.
An important enterprise for the develop
ment of Souib Carolina.
Shares Fifty Dollars (50) cachy payable
in ten (10) instalments.
Every citizen of this State shout A-own at
least one share.
Charleston with her magnificcat' Harbor
and genial climate; her im me use undevel
oped back country, containing a fertile soil,
fine pasture grounds ami iiiexbaii.-ti'hlc water
power; her contiguity to the West Indies
nnd South America, and her unparallcd
European ocean course, is desthi'-d, upon
the completion of this important Trunk
Line, to cmcro from her prostrated con
dition aud become what nature ha - itrftn lad
she should he, ti e great commercial i"*.S'?ip-?
/i7? of the Southern Section of the Uni1ni*Stdts*.
LIMIT OF STOCKIlol.DKI^' MAimiVVY.
The following ciaUsc in the cliiitter is .
published for thy inform.uioa of hi Ik-vail ?er.-1:
See. -1. "That no stih'klioldcr ??f saiityoiu- .
panv shall he belli liable for thtidehrVje??ti^
tiaets or nets of r<:ii?l corporation b?.y'M.d tho
amounts actually subcerilied to tin' lanital
Slock of-suul Company by such *itH-klma4i,r. ?
George W. Williams. B. IJolImrih?, &!ta
Gnge, Theodore I), Jcrvcy, Theodore it.
Barker. .John S. Fairly, Gabriel t'annoi?,
John II. Kvins, T B. Jeter, \>. It. Dunuatty
i .1 aiiu-s K. Black, .lohn S. Whey.
Principal Oflice and* tuMrcs.-?, 3V Bcuail
street, Charleston, S' C
CG. M KM >l INGER, iWi-Mrat.
A. C. K A CAM AN, Secretary and Ti-w?#
urcr. july hi, 'tin.
THE GRANGE STORE
IS NOW OPEN FOR THE TRANSACTION OF BUSINESS
IN it will be found a large supply of
Groceries, Bagging, Ties &c,
At tho the lowest Cash Price*, ntso prepared to pay the Highest CASH Prices far
RICE, CORN, PEAS, CHICKENS, EGGS, WOOL, WAX, RAGS ard
oil other country Produce.
PATRONS can receive all information in reopect of purchasing supplies traw?gr?
Grange, with the price* &e? Fur furtlier information call at th?
THE GEANGE STORE,
Opposite where WhiUenrorc'? Soap Factory used to be.
Aug. 27-tf_ AGENT
FOR THE NEXT 30 DAYS
T. KOHN & BROER
WILL CLOSE OUT THEIR
Entire Stock of
Without Regard to
Being Determined to Sell for the
arrival of Fall goods.
THEODORS KOHN & BROTHSR
A,?r.9,1874 NEW STORE