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title: 'Orangeburg times. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1872-1875, November 26, 1874, Image 1',
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IER 26, 1874.
NUMBER 4-2: ~
? Tho fia^hln? llght-honso beacon pales beforo
Tbo rnddy harveat-rj -
That bathos, and cf
Aa wllhHn^eTCltfe tile Lv,
A Bhore-belatod sea-bird slowly flana
His strong-plumed, dusky wing.
? J /. .i.!. -f. . ?' ' i
Tbo plor-llghts. Imaged on the waters, molt
To nil vor pillars, auch as visions show
O.' palaces whore fabled OsUphs dwelt. \
In legends long ago.* ' ?
A Binglo boat steals down tbo moonlit track, , ,
Through tho still night Its o ir-strokoa echo far;
Fringed with cleft light, the ontlins sharply black,
Heaven on the harbor bar.
What strange frcightTulls. it ?"^3fonier.heavy sail V
Covers somo form of blurred'and shapeless dread;
Rude la tho pall, but fitted well to veil
The ocean's,outcast dead.
His name, his history t Vain it wore to guess,
But ehort to sum : a waif, a ruiutory : , ,;
Death's mocking gloss" upon life's loveliness;
.A secret of the bcss
TAKING TOLL. | i
Tho road was now and pleasant, too,r V.? *'.'.
By stream and forost winding;
Tho sky was fair, and everywhere
Surprises wo were finding. 1 ' '
Bald 1, " Tis queer 1 the toll-galo'd near,
And you cannot go by it . , . - .
Without a klBP, my pretty iiuPB," *
She said, ?? You'd bettor try it I" u
I took tho toll?a gohorotta dole ?
Dcsnlto her stout resistance.
Bald she, "Tho rate Is very great
For such airfflfng distance."
" If so you say, tako baok th?'pay' ' ' ' ?
To each minutest fraction:
For your sweet take I'll Rla<Uy tako
A lesson in subtraction.''
She whispered,-"Nay^youc laklug ??y
lias robbed mo of a dosen ;
But you're no kin, so don't begin _
To prove yoursolf a cozen." ?'.
Wo journey on tlirongb shado and sunj >
Regardless of the distance,
Aud every day tbo toll wo pay .
Thai sweotcun^ouv exlsteuco
HAMPTON ROADS CO NIE RENO E.
1-4-2. rrci 7T7 fj
Tito An'liit nut Secretary of Wnr of Clio
Confederacy Upon tliat llli
torlcnl Molaoue. Q *jyO 1>
From the Southern Msgozino for November.
BAiitliioRii.'Aiifi?.; 6/ 187dL l i
My Dear Sir?Tho inclosed papers
will Berve to explain a portion of tho j
history of tho Confederate Slates, and
aro sent to you for that purpose. , Tho
"Memoranda of tile conversation at the'
conference in Hampton Roads" was
made shortly aftor my return from that
8lace, with the oxpeotation that Messrs. 1
[unter and Stephens would prepare one [
similar. This does not profess to-be.
full or particular.
In referonco to the origin of that
commisionl have no special information.
Mr. Benjamin requested me to gol with
' him to the house of the president (Mr,
Davis), and, in going, told me of the
commission and the names of its mem
bers. At the president's house wu
heard from him a detailed, ..well-considi
ered statement of the objects of the
mission, and that we must leave forth
with. My conjecture was that the ar
rangements had all been'made through
Francis P. Blair. We were furnished
with a letter from President Lincoln to
Mr. Blair, stating that he was willing to
receive overtares of peace from any
person in authority in the Confederate
States, upon tho basis of peace in "one
common country." This letter was fur
nished to us us tho passport to be re
cognized, and as adequate to take us
through the federal military lines and
to the federal capital. Bat our own
commission was to make peace between ]
" two countries," aud our instructions
were to make no agreement or treaty
providing for the reconstruction of the
federal union. Mr. Benjamin, in his
speech at tho African chu rch at Rich
mond after our return, stated Lho fact of
the prohibition correctly.
The commissioners did not find their
passport available. At Petersburg there
was detention ; so at City Point, at the
headquarters of Qen. Grant, the mili
tary authorities denying all knowledge
of the matter and awaiting instructions
from Washington. Finally there came
an ofllcer from the war department of
the United States, bearing a copj of
the same-letter of President Lincoln to
F. P. Blair, which was handed to us as
a passport to Washington, and we were
inquired of whether we were going on
the mission that letter contemplated.
In answer we prodnoed the commission
which authorized us to moke "peace
between two countries." Tho general
* commanding (Grant) and the officer de
cided that tho discrepancy was fatal,
aud that we oonld not go. 'in'this con
dition Gen. Grant sent a telegram to
the president advising a reception to
the confederate commissioners," and on
the following day we woro sent to
Hampton Roads, where we found Pres
ident Lincoln and Secretary Seward.
There are some facts in relation to
this delay which came to our know
ledge afterwards. The commission was
appointed and announced tho 27th day
of Jonuary, 1865 ; on the 3d day of
February, 1865? tho conference took
place. In that interval tho thirteenth
amendment to the constitution of the
United States passed throngh congress
by the requisite vote. In one of the
papers of the time (Pennsylvania In
quirer, I think; it was stated thatjSeore
tftry Seward aud Ohief Jnstico Ohase
were on tho floor of the house of repre
sentatives of the United States urging
the adoption of tho measure, and that
the secretary said he desired to uso it
at a conference with the commission
ers ; also that he took the amendment
to Annapolis, procured the governor to
submit it to the legislature, ana caused
it to bo adopted within an hour, and
thon took passage to Hampton Roads to
meet the commissioners.
It will be seen from " the memo
randa" that Presidont Lincoln disa
vowed all 'knowledge* of the ob j cot
of Mr. Blair's mission to Rich
mond, and all connection with that
mission in any form. My information
from other sources is in direct contra
diction of this statement.
Tho second paper I iiioloso is n letter
wirieiuii' w mh iu win, a. aiuLauir^
the confederate senate. There were a
number of the. menders ofthe senate,
and house of representatives who d?
oired to^qpen negotiations for peace in
February; '18155. Tho answer to thern
was: ''.President Lincoln offers no
terms save only>-the restoration of the
national authority and the abolition of
slavery. . Thoro is nothing besides to
negotiate about. Senator Graham re
quested me to address him a letter in
answer to -that preoise objection. I
prepared the letter, of which a copy is
inolon-od, and this letter and these mem
oranda of tho conference were examined
by senators and representatives.
/There was a sort of hesitation, timid
ity, ami dread of responsibility preva
lent whioh resulted' in, inaotiom i My
opinion was that there was enough dis
closed in tho conference to "Warrant tho
expectation that terms of peace could
bo settled .which would avoid some of
tlio evils of ooncfuest and subjugation.
My opinion was that thoro wore no ro
sonroeB for another campaign, and that
without. tho ? settlement of terms of
peace fchero would 00 oonquest nud'shh
jn gat ion. The grounds of this opinion
were submitted: to Qen. Breekinridge,
secretary of war,, a few days after, when
I was advised by Senator Graham that
the president'would not -send another
commission \o negotiate for peace.
Very respootfnllv arirVtrnly yours,
?TOHK A. OAMPBBXiIi.
G. "W. Mrimford, Esq., Secretary South
? *ern Historical Society, Richmond, Va.
Wau Department, Feb. 24,1805.
Hon. 'William. 'A. [Graham. Senate of
the C. S.:
: I understand the position of Mr.
Liucoln t? W that-he Will hot make any
treaty or agreement with the Confeder
ate Slates, but o^l^^hatjhowill trcat or.
confer with individuals'" resisting1 iho
national authority, and will dealnro to
them the terms on whioh ho will make
an adjustment. I do not 'Consider that
this position of Iiis "will* prevent the
settlement of tho conditions.
In any event the action of congress
(United States) might bo- required to
carry into ofleet tho stipulations, and
whether those are informally agreed to
or are formally made, it is presuHeo!?*
will not make a wide difference in tho
frail result. - ;
Tho stipulations that the president
can settle under his powers as Dresidont'
it in material to considor. Ho. is tho
commander-in-ohief of tho army, and
has exeroiBed a largo sharo of power as
Bnch. He has the power of pardon by
the constitution, and the aots of confis
cation provide that "the presidenoy
may by proclamation extend to persons
who may.have participated in the exist
ing rebellion, in any state or part there
of, pardon and amnesty, with such ex
ceptions and on such conditions as he
may deem expedient for tho public wel
The aot of congress of the United
States of tho 16th of Jnly, 1862, em
bodies the prinoipal of the provisions
that have been made rolativo to confis
cation. This aob provides that 44 to in
sure the speedy termination of the pres
ent rebellion, at shall be toe .duty of the
president of the United States to oause
the seizure of all the.estate and proper
ties', moneys, stocks, credits, -and effects
of the persons mentioned, and apply
tho same and the proceeds thereof to
the use of the army." The proceedings
are to be in rem in any dint rief Joonrt of
tho United States or.in the District of
Columbia^ and the property is to be
sold under decrees of condemnation.
There is another aot on this subject
upon condemned and abandoned prop
erty, and provides for its sale, etc., etc.,
and that the. party interested may re
claim the proceeds after the war upon
proof of loyalty. ? ! . .
I think the ofleet of the amnesty
would bo to relieve all property from
the operation of the law of confiscation.
My impression is that it would have the
effect to destroy the judicial sales made
under it. These sales were made be
fore any conviction and without service
of process on the party, and it is diffl
cult to realize how the act can bo sup
ported against ono 0'(timed to bo citizen,
and whose loyalty is vonohed by a presi
dential pardon. In this connection all
fines and penalties incurred by any vio
lation of revenue laws would have to be
considered, and a release from arrears
of taxes and duties.
A clause in tho not of 7th June, 1862,
is to this effect: " That tho title of, in,
and to each parcel of land upon whioh
said tax has not been paid as above pro
vided, shall thereupon become forfeited
to the United States, and upon the sale
hereafter shall vost in tho United States
or in the purchasers, at suoh sale in feo
simple, free and disohargod from all
prior liens, inoumbranoee, right, title
and dues whatsoever."
There ore some oondilion? precedent
to tho operation of this section of the
act whioh perhaps have not boon fulfill
ed ; but another sootion imposes a lien
upon the lauds whioh does not dopend
upon any condition. The arrears of
taxes for three years and the stringent
conditions of tho aot will occasion the
forfeiture of a largo amount of property
for taxes if the collection of tho arrears
is insisted on.
/Die legislation upon tho subject of
klavery consiBf a of aots of - congress for
the abolition of slavery in tho District
of Columbia, in the territories, forts,
arsenals, and tho repeal of the fugitive
slave aots. Besides there is an loot to
liberate all slaves in placer, captured by
the United States, and the penal pro
visions of several of the aots1 of congress
provide specially for the emancipation
of slaves of the owner.
Westorn Virginia was admitted to the
Union in December, 1862. It purports
to havo been done upon the. consent of
the people of, that seouon. pi. the state
and of ,the legislature df the state.' - '1
H| In a'number of the states the public
4n'ds have been appropriated by the
Jgate, as (Florida, Alabamp,vMiss"ssippi.
Louisiana", nttd Are&nsaSf ondorr others
a portion of tho publjo money of ? the
United States was, seized.
1 cannot see mysolf that order can be
restored without a long interval between
the decision to ;reconstruct .the Union
and tho consummation ?f that not. ', m J,
question whether this will be agreed to,
but wise,statesmanship clearly indicates
that it would be better that this should
be;adopted as the mode of procedure
r, ,YeiT respeotfully, /r
MEMORANDA OF THE CONVERSATION AT
Tins CONFERENCE IN HAMPTON ROADS.
?"? I suppose that arrangements as to
theoo will ho required.
The commissioner' being' * empowered
to settle the terms of poaoo upon tho
recognition of; the' national authority,
would have, to consider very carefully
the .laws that have been made/since''
July 1,1861. ' "?
Besides these arrangements, tho din
banding of tho army, the adjustment of
the public debt, the disposition of the
public property, tho admission of the
states into ipUowshjp,, the suppression
of government that? Hirve- *grown ub
during the war, and affairs connected
with the internal police of the states,
should command attention.
The conference was opened by some
conversation between Mr. Stephens and
Pjendent Lincoln rolative to their'con
nection as members of a committee or
association to promote: the election' of
G moral Taylor as president in 1848
The composition of the association, the
fate of the different members (Freeman
Smith and Mr. ?Toonibs and others), tho
tiiuo that tho parties had served in con
gress togothcr, when Mr. Hunter aud
Mr. Seward beoame members of the
senate,'ami other personal incidents'
wer'o'alliidCTd to.' After this thb parties
approached tlio mibjcct of tho confer
once. ' At a ?very early stage in tho con
versation, Mr. Lincoln announced-with
some emphasis that until tho national
anthorityJ.be recognized within the Con
federate States no consideration of any
terms or conditions could tako placo.
Mr. Stephens then suggested if there
could not be so mo plan devised by
which that question could be adjourned,
and to let its settlement await the calm
that would occur iu .tho passion* and
itritations that tho war had created;
that it was important to divort tho pub
lio mind from tho present quarrel to
some matter in which the parties had a
oommon fooling and interest; and men
tioned tho condition of Mexico as afford
ing saoh an opportunist! \Jf $ $
Gardening in Japan.
A correspondent of the New York
Tribune writes : The nutivo gardeners
possess a wonderful skill in the training
and dwarfing of what iu America would
be large, coarse-leaved trees: the pine
and cedar are -brought into" diminutive
'grote*qr.e. shapes, and tho maple, with
its tiny leavos and delicate colors,'forms
a favorite house-plant. Many thick
shrubs are clipped into the shapo of
various animals; and by the aid of bam
boo twigs as a support a certain fine
leaved vine (of'the* name of which I am
ignorant) is ?o wovon ns to ropresont a
man,jo, pdit,f and other curious devices.
At a certain' flower show, which took
place in Yedo some months ago, a Jap
anese lady,' lifo-size, holding an open
parasol, was aoourately represented by
the peculiar twistings to whioli a oh'rys
anthemu'-e in full bloom was subjected..
Bat the cultivation of fruits and vege
tables is by no means attended with the
success that is met with in the training
of flowers. Fruite.;especially- though
of tempting appearance,' are'most .?f
them utterly tasteless. It is said thut
foreign fruits, when planted in this
country, partake of the tasteleBsness of
the native ones, after, the first year of
bearing, 'Whioh compels the importation
of fresh seeds to supply the wants of
the foreign community. Homo of 'the
fruits and vegetables are of an unusual
size; porsimmons average three inches
in diameter, and turnips are about the
length and thiokness of a man's arm.
A Suicide's Reasoning.
At least one man who know he had
become a bore, and when convinced of
the fact he killed himself. This was a
young spendthrift named Bufenof, the
scapegrace son of a San Francisco '? ban
ker. Before the suicide he wrote a let
ter in which he said : " That the public
should not snspeot that tho deed was
done in a fit of insanity, I state that
after a month's refleotion I take leave of
thin world in the fnll possession of all
my senses, and that I am calm aud col
lected, and I am driven to, this by ex
tromo despair, nervous excitement, eto.
I have gone to the dogs,* .For years I
have doporrod myself correctly in this
world, but during tho last tou weeks I
found that I would havo to become in
volved in debt and live upon the charity
of others. Even now I find that I have
overstepped the bounds, and c*m no
longer obtain a cent's worth of favor.
For weeks I'have offered my services for
my board, and thoy havo not boon ac
cepted. It would tako too long for mo
to regain my former status. I havo al
most begged of those who have through
mo made hundreds'of dollars and they
turned from mo with.their dimes in
their pookots. Somo did holp me at
first, but their manner Wait such that to
approach them a second time for a favor
became impossible. , My innermost
thanks to [here follow the names of a
dozen persons |, who have this day that
I tako poison refused mo credit."
'* SOUTHERN 8EBVANT8.
fhe ??tTiiht tt?eatton lYoiti a'southern
Anterior io 1801, G?nthern ? farmora
ana planter^l|ke the centurion Qf old,
had B?rvautt^ under th?ui to whom they
" said go, do thus and b?, and it was" done.
This authority ended with the war, but
the' lesson taught has hot been' commit
ted to momcay, nor have we' attempted
to forget this peculiar but lost privilege.
A servant to black my boots as well as
to harness my horse, to fetch me a pitch
er of waterier to build nie a fire, to go
on errands, or othorwise consume valu
able time, |.a perplexing luxury too
frequently indulged in by menjeho con
fess their poyerty, and are ever ready to
lament their, condition. To be waited
upon is a normal arrangement of south;'
em life. Tho cost of such indulgence is >
an afterthought,.and is seldom, ohloi*;,
lated. From seven to.. ten dollars a,
.month and-his board (the latter, often
considered tlio scraps from the table), is.
the unlit to be the sum total of .the cost,
whilst the "scraps," if vigilant economy
were habit.rally practiced, would , bo
found to exceed in value the monthly
wages, and tho oountloes perquisities of
his position would amount to more than
both wages and board. These employes
are ovory where among farmers, and they,
are expensive superfluities. Should
they be discharged at -Ohristmas, and
the farmers resolve to do this work-then*
selves during 1875, ono year's experience
will teach them how extravagant 'and
useless are such attaches.
This ubiqnitons servant frequently
has a wife, who is the cook or washer-,
woman, with an attendant tribe of little
ones. Thcso/must bo fed, hhd they,'
too, seemingly get'"scraps," which are
offrraer thrown to the dogs and pigs,
because the perquisites of pffioe supply
much m^re dainty fpodl But wood must
be out and hauled, and fires built to keep
theso brats warm, for negro children
seldom wem- ? clothes nowadays ; and
hero begins- another lack of economy.
If the farmer's house is on the road
side, tho wood-pile is on the opposite
side, tho kitchen as far in the rear of
the house, tho well o * water is away off
at the horse lot, and the "cabin" is per
haps still further off in the woods, or
beyond the spring. . Bnt time costs noth
ing, and the cook spends her's hunting
up wood and water, and looking after
her "ohillnu," except when standing
over tho kitchen fire, built of a cord of
wood, a d hot enough for a smolting
Iiet us systemize a Htt'o just there,
and see what might follow. Rebuild
the kitchen within twenty feet of the
pnutry, connect the two by a shed, un
der which have tho well'or pumps, with
the woodshed hard by filled with sea
soned wood; and why should not tho
farmer's own daughter bo the cook?
The wholesome exeroise of kneading
the dough with her own tiny fingers,
and plying the improved stove, would
develop her into a matronly robustness,
tho very envy of many a hot-house plant.
And other beneficial results would fol
low this chauge, not the least of whioh
would be neat and tidy kitchens. Are
southern kitchens proverbially clean ?
Not more so than negro cooks, who are
systematically flUjhy. ?They are adepts
at hiding cleanliness with dirt, and con
sequently most housewives are ashamed
ever to have a visitor think of stepping
for a moment into their kitohen. South
ern farmers, look inspootingly into tho
conduot of your cooks for one week. See
them throw the coffee grounds here out
of the door, there slop through the
cracks, yonder pile up egg shells and
bones on the shelf in the corner; now
scouring a table all smeared with filth
with a dirty rag, and then sousing the
same rag info a pot of dirtier water to
rinse it, and then oleaning out with it
the pan or oven into which the food is
immediately dropoed that is to grace
yonr table, or tiokle your palate within
an hour. Is it any wonder that eaoh of
us,eats his pook of dirt before we reach
our teens ? And yet negro cooks are a
universality at the south, and our daugh
ters are seldom taught to perform this
daintiest of all work.? D Wyatt Aikin
in JRtiral Carolinian.
New Oause of Toothache.,
Tho researches made by Dr. Sillin,
bne of most experienced of European
dentists, have led him to the opinion
that common or acute toothache pro
ceeds from causes but little considered
or understood. In the center of every
tooth, he says, there is a eavity corre
sponding in shape to that of the tooth
itself, and into this cavity passes,'
through a minuto aperture at the end
of eacu root, a branoh of a nervo, an
artery, and a vein; and, when either by
mechanical injury or decay, this cavity
becomes exposed to the air's action, the
bloo 1 thiokens or coagulates to an ex
tent, beyond tho oapaoity of tho vein.to
remove in tho natural way; inflamma
tion ensues, and pain commences, at
first slightly ; more blood is pumped in
at every pulse of tho heart, through the
branch of the artery, and, tho hard
material of whioh the tooth is formed
being unyielding, a pressure is sot up
on the walls of tho cavity and its con
tents, including the norve. This pres
sure is increased at ovory pulse with
great precision, nanning' intense and
hourly increasing pain?-commonly
known as acute toothache. Another
very general but less painful kind is
that arising from inflammation of the
root and sooket.
?Blook-and-tans have gono out of
fashion, bless 'em! Tiny bull-dogs,
just as small as nature will allow, now
accompany Frenoh ladies on the prom
enado, and sit on the carriage seat.
Tho uglier the better, as the moroso
expression of thoir pup features is a
great requisite in their select ion. Even
.the parnsolsw buttons on one's gar-j
ments and trinket a by the score, .are
adorded tWith thb'; bull; dog's head J and;
a 8u<e!flign ofcifc Jady'S.jvisit to Paris
'tbjs summer, is, the,..canine phiz, thai
. Buying and Soiling Pennies...
There is a mr.n in Now York'city who
is amnssing a handsome fortune by buy
ing and selling pennies, tyro and three
cent pieces, and five cent niokel&i In
m,finy of the newspaper, ofnoea, news,
depots, ferry, pffioes, hotlsea whero cheap
Soods are sold, bakeries and other'
laoes the accumulation of small coin
very often becomes so large as, to- be
cumbersome.. It can not be disposed
?f, for coin in no plenty that customers'
object to taking it in change in any
great? quantity* and in business houses
wher*e It is needed' the regular I s??roes'
of supply sre always ample. The com
might bo sent to the Philadelphia mint
for redemption, but the requirements of
the redemption department are enough1
to disoourago any! business man. To
.send pennies to the, mint they. must
first be sorted and wrapped'in packages
of five dollars each. Coiri: of each sep
arate mintage must be put together. It
will not do'mix the. old-fashioned cop
pers'with the bright or br on EC-colored
nickels, nor can: a two or three -cent j
pieco bo mixed with the pennies. If
they are packed in this way they aro not
even counted at tho mint, but aro.ship
ped back to tho sender without delay or
notice of any.kind." The law also pre
scribes that tho coins shall bo packed
in iron-bound boxes, and shipped at the
sender's expense. As coins are heavy,
the cost of transportation is considera
ble. The ofacials count the money at
their leisure, -and:sometimes the sender
does not hear from his consignment in
nearly a year. He'thus loses tho use ef
his money for that length of time. This
combination. of vexatious details pre
vents thono who'have an accumulation
of coin from'sending it to the mint, and' |
it seems aa (hough the officials at Phila
delphia intended that they should "not
be troubled' with it.
Every day a mar) rides to the newspa
Ser and other offices in a buggy, and
uys the coin whioh has been taken in
from the newsboys and .-the customers.'
For the pennies and two-cent pieces he
pay ninety ?seven cents a hundred, and
for the three and five-cent nickels he
gives ninety-nine contu for a dollar's
worth. Tho sellers are glad to dispose
of tho coina at this'discount, Tho man
thon rides to about tho only tradesmon
in the city who desire a quantity of pen
nies?the pawnbrokers?and to them
he sells the corns at par, taking their
notes for three months in payment.
The pawnbrokers who have shops
among the poorer classes say that they
need small denominations of fractional
ourrenoy or coin, as many of their loans
do not exceed ten or fif ten cents. Many
poor persons pawn their articles of wear
ing apparel or trinkets only when driven
to do so by the want of a single meal of
food, and such are not particular aa to
the denomination of the money they re
ceive. The pawnbrokers give their
notes without interest, thereby gaining
the use of the monoy for three months.
The eel season is now at hand; the re
cent rains having started them in the
Susquehanna and all the creeks and
streams on their fall journey back to
tide-water, and the consequence is that
large numbers have been caught in dif
ferent parts of the country within tho
past few days.. The eel travel a up stream
in the spring, aud returns down to the
salt waters in the fall, always going hi
large schools. There ore a great many
Eeculiarities oonneoted with the eel that |
ut fow people know of. ' For instance,
there' aro some eight or ten kinds cf
them, of whioh several never enter into
fresh water. Some of the varieties are,
when full grown, ten or twelve feet in
length, weighing one hundred pounds.
The kind hei'e, the common fresh'and
salt water eel';'is'usually from twelve to
twenty four inches in length. Eels, it
has been proved, have both sexes in one,
and spawn somewhat after the manner
of other fish. Like the turtle, they can
travel out of the water for some dis
tance, from stream to stream, so that in
almost every rivulet, however small,
they can be found. The gills or breath
ing organs, are covered up by a most
delicate curtain, whioh acts like a valve
and a reservoir for water, so to speak,
to keep its gills moist during the time
it is out of the stream. It has a heart
iu its tail, the same as is known to < xist
in the salmon, with pulsations at about
ninety-four to the minute.?Pennsyl
The School Boy.
The Bnrlinpton Hawkeyo writes of
tho deceptive little boy : " Passing by
ono of tho oity schools yesterday, wo*
listened to the scholars singing, 'Oh
how I love my teacher dear.' There
was one boy, with a voice like a torna
do, who was bo enthusiastic that he em
phasized evory other word, and roared,
* Oh how I love my tcaeher dear,' with
a vim that loft no possible doubt of his
affection. Ten minutes after that boy
had been stood on the floor for putting
shoemaker's wax on his teacher's ohair,
got three demerit marks for drawing a
pioture of her with rod ohalk on the
baok of an atlas, been well shaken for
putting n bent pin in another bey's
ohair, scolded for whistling out loud,
sentenced to stay after school for draw
ing ink mustaches on his face and black
ing the end of another boy's nose, and
soundly whipped for slapping three
hundred and thirty-nino spit balls up
against the ceiling, and throwing one
big ono into a girl s ear. You can't be
lieve half a boy says when he Bings."
|;;or-|?'!p1iUoBoph?r has discovered tbtot I
men don't object to be overrated* ox- .
oept by assessors,
1 -?A lady reading near Davenport;
Iowa, has a beautiful green lizard in'
her stomach, ?not still is discontented. .,
-4Tfcetf.'headless trunk" of a young
lady, whioh was found in a railroad sta
tion out west, proved to be a Saratoga ~
?A San Francisco paper says there
are two hundred Ohinose gambling
houses in that city, carrying on bus
I iness night and day.
A Voung lady fearful of, becoming
* dev "
stout devotes two hours to every m
because she had read somewhere tha'
'] haste makes waist."
?One of the most exhilarating sights.
in'the .world is to pee. a .newspaper col
lector dunning, an unsuccessful candi
date for his advertising bill.
. ?A bill has passed the Oregon senate
whioh provides that husbands and wives
without children may ' bo considered
divoroedjjy- simply ceasing to live to
?It is estimated that the world con
sumes annually 250,000,000 pounds of
[ tea and/ 718,000,000; pounds of coffee.
China furnishes almost all the tea, and
Brazil tho coffee.
'?The maddest kind of a woman is one
Who spends a half hour in arranging
her toilet before descending to tho par
lor on the arrival of a visitor?who
proves to be a book agent.
!,?A disgusted old line-back voter at
Ottumwa, Iowa, put in a ticket which
read : " For general principles, Gen oral
Jackson; for congress, don't care a
dam; they all Steal, anyhow."
-A fashionable but illiterate New
York lady, traveling on the continent,'
writes to a friend that she has'just seen
the " museum of iniquities " in Geuoa,
and -shq dbee I think it is " perfectly
' ?Mr. Dubois, of Fall river, has had
t^o blood of a livo lamb introduced into
his veini, as a remedy for consumption.
It is probable that there will be no un
usual effect save an abnormal fondness
for all girls named Mary.
?ilev. J H. Todd, of Sioux City,
played a rather neat little joko on his
wife, the other day. While she was un
suspectingly engaged in half soling nis
winter trousers, he quietly, clipped out
r at thcback.gato and eloped with a mil
?An old gentleman in Stowe. Ver
mont, tells, how he broke off drinking
liquor. Every timo bo took a drink he
would drop a shot' into the glass, and
as it filled up his potations grow grad
ually, smaller and finally ceased alto
i ?At Nenilly, in the suburbs of Paris,
there is a harem, which the polios have
inquired into and?left alone. It is the
home of a Turk. He has 160 wives,
but keeps the mass of them at Constan
tinople, and only brings twelve to Paris
at a time.
I ?You know in the old country, when '
anything unfortunate happens, to the
good people, it is called ''affliction,
whioh is to be overruled for their spirit
ual good ;" but when it happens to be
the heterodox, it is "a judgment."?
? "Nobody surpasses me in this
specialty," said a Cincinnati girl to her
new iover the other night as she gave,
him a parting kiss with a report to it
like that of a pistol.. The astonished
youth walked away wondering where
that girl got her experience.
?"Mamma, where do tho cows get
.the milk?" asked Willie, looking up
from the fearning pan of milk whioh he
had been intently regarding. " Where
do yon get your tears?" was the an
swer. After a thoughtful silence he
again broke out, " Do tho cows have to ;
be spanked ?"
?H the times are hard stop your
paper, but do not shorten your allow
ance for whisky or tobacco. A good
Sapor in a family is a great comfort to
io wife and children, but that is no
reason why you should provide them
with a weekly luxury at the expense of
a daily necessity.
?In Scotland, on the ordination of
elders, a grave old elder delivered the
charge ; " Me brethrin, rule wo el, rule
weel, but rule sae that nae a man ar
bairn i' the kirks will know that thoy
are ruled. Me brethrin, pray God to
give ye common sense. It is a chief
grace o' an order."
?An Aberdeen preacher recently com
mented in the following complimentary
way upon the conversational value of
men and women: "There is the samo
difference between their tongues as be
tween the hour and minute hand?one
goes ten times as fast and the other sig
nifies ten times as much."
?A youth who attended a Scotch re
vival meeting for tho fun of the thing,
ironically inquired of the minister
whether he could work a miracle or not.
Tho young man's curiosity was fully
satisfied by the minister kicking him
out of tlio church, with tho malediction,
"We can not work miracles, but we
can oast ont devils 1"
?To fill tho place ef the jaunty laoe
pockets that ladies took delight in
wearing en the left side all summer,
fashion has decreed for winter a saucy
looking, but very pretty, pocket made
of fur. The European style, we hear
from a correspondent, is made of mink,
with an edging of . seal, or seal, with
sable edging, ornamented with silk or
silk and chenille tassels. They are at*
taohed to the waist with heavy brown
silk cord. Mink will again be largely
worn, but seal is all tho rage?sealskin