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OllAIN GELUHG TI_M ES.
OKAMIEHUKU, S. CM. !)K(3,''3, 1874.
STILES B. MELLtCIlAMP, Editor.
- 1 ~-==M^--~
G. W. WHITE11EAD,
FuBuaiiK? and Business Manaokk,
TVe are in no tray responsible for the
vieies or opinions of our Correspondents,
There is no duibt that tue recent
Democratic victories' will iu a great
" measure cause"'the"Republican party
to correct their excesses, and therefore
lend immeasurably to the Reformation
of the country. These victories have
come like a thunder clap upon the
Repablic&Q leaders, and convinced,
them that if they wish to retain power
they must change their policy.
It is the opinion of some that they
will make the most of the short period
they have, for personal aggrandize
ment; but we think they will rather
improve this opportunity by endeavor
ing to present a clearer record for the
campaign of 1876, ami thus secure a
continuance of their .'lease of power.
This disposition is manifested not only
in national politics, but in State legis
lation, against which we have no com
plaint to make, if the result is good
Genuine reform is what we heed in
this State, and if we are so, fortunate
as to g*t it, we shall not stop to enquire
too minutely into the motive winch
induces the Republican party to grant
it. j I
It is said that "Moderation is the
ornament of victory," and we doubt not
that the expression may be used with
equal propriety in reference to defeat.
Outside of our State we have been
victorious; in the State, although mak.
ing immense gains, we have been over
powered. The tendency in the one
case may he over confidence, and in
the other despondency. In either case
moderation is the watchword. It is
this spirit, coupled with Republican
excesses, which has caused our nation
al victories, as well as our immense
If the Democrats of the North and
"West will legislate in the spirit of true
Democracy, which is tho good of the
whole people, and the Conservatives
of South Carolina will continue that
moderation which they have exercised
even under trying circumstances, the
advantages we enjoy to-day may be
made permanent, and considerations
of color no longer present obstacles
to the attainment of good government.
--m . T-"
Tuesday, the first day, was employed
in organizing, Elliott being elected
speaker, and the various Committees
Wednesday, thesecond day was taken
up in notices of numerous bills.
On Friday, the third day, a motion
was made to furnish the members of
the Assembly with the Daily News
papers, but was rejected.
Numerous notices of bills were also
given. A resolution was offered by
Mr. Simpkins prohibiting the assem
bling of armed bauds of men without
authority of low, and another by Mr.
Mul'er to call on Governor Moses to
report the names of those he has par
doned during his term of office, and his
reasons for doing the same.
A motion was made to udjourn until
Monday but was rejected. Another
member thought that 11 o'clock was
too soon in the mcrning for members
to meet as it hardly gave time for the
members to finish breakfast.
On the fourth day n bill came up ir
the Senate to provide for an appropri
ation for the payment of the salaries
and mileage of members, suggestive of
the fact that our Legislators are able
to take care of themselves, whether
school claims and other claims are
settled or not.
In tho HoUse a member asked if
there was any constitutional objection
to a Session on Sunday. This may be
an evidence of a Christian spirit of re
form, but doubtless it would be better
to curtail the recesses, or to commence
A resolution was brought up to in
vestigate the whereabouts of that $47
000 appropriated to build the new
wing of the Lunatic Asylum, and
met with no little opposition. It was
strongly advocated by some of tho
Charleston members, and finally
On the fifth day the standing Com
mitte? s were announced. W H. Reed
ish of this county is on the Commit
tee on public printing ami l'nul Jones
on that of public lands.
Mr. Duncan offered a bill for tho
encouragement of colouization into
Soujth Carolina, which wo hope will bo
supported-v Other bills "mostly of lo
cal interest .were also introduced.
On Tuesday Chamberlain was inau
gurated with unusual pomp and
There can be little doubt that what
is most needed to develop our resour
ces, and infuse new life into our droop
ing energies is, the diversion iuto our
State of a wholesome stream of Immi
gration; e.na yet -how -feeble seems to
be the efforts made in this matter.
Wo cannot see tho strength of the
numerous objections and difficulties
that are raised, Our corrupt govcrn
mentis urged us the most fruitful source
of difficulty, but we believe this most
formidable objection could bo removed
.by the 'offering to Iho immigrant of
proper inducements, and the holding
h forth of the prospect of improvement
which an influx of thrifty laud owners
would be certain to secure.
Another difficulty urged is our im
poverished condition, and our inability
to compete ' with tho inducements offer
ed in the West. Wo regard these more
as hackneyed phiases than anything
else. If we are not too poor to pay
exorbitant taxes, we are not too poor
to do something for the enhancement,
of our pioperty, and tho general im
provement of tho State.
As to the superiority of Western
inducements, we are very % much in
doubt as to whether there is more ad
vantage in clearing forests and build
ing houses in a Wild country for richer
but moro precarious lands, than resus
citating old fields in a settled and civi
The fact is there's a lack of energy
on the part of our people, and a seem
ing indisposition on the part of the
Legislature, to do anything iii the
Small fifty aero farms, well tilled,
would add more to our political and
agricultural prosperity than anything
else we could conceive of. Each tract
disposed of would incalculably enhance
the value of the adjoining property.
Wo believe our land owners are
alive to all these facts and arc willing
to sell to immigrants at low prices
and on long credit, and even to
give away a portion of their land?,
but all that is needed is eu 1 erpri.se and
proper combination. Let our peoplo
take hold of the matter in earnest,
whether the Legislature acts or not,
and "n a few years South Carolin a will
be a happy and prosperous State.
A vigorous onslough on Free Ma
sonry has begun in Illinois,
Many citizens ofEdgefield are being
arrested ou a charge of a violation of
the Enforcement act on election day.
Gen Field is at Washington for the
purpose, it is said of lobbying a joint
resolution through Congress, legitemi
zing the Kellog rule iu Louisiana. ?
Judge Mackay in his charge to a
Grand Jury has suggested an investi
gation into certain communications
which appeared iu the WinsboroNcws.
A bright champion of freedom.
Last week Mr. John W. Lagrone a
respectable and peaceable citizen of
Edgefield was shot down in the road
while returning home from Augusta.
No clue has been obtained to the as
A large and enthusiastic meeting
was held in Edgefield on Nov. 30th,
and indignation expressed at the bnso
charges mode against the white peo
ple,and the arbitrary arrest of citizens
The speakers eaid that the charges
were false, and that more intimidation
was practised by the negroes than by
the white people.
A largo Indignation meeting of the
citizens of Columbia was held on Nov.
30th iu opposition to the heavy tax
proposed by tho Radical City Council
Tho frauds of tho provious Radical
administration were thoroughly ven
tilated aud a committee appointed to
investigate an alleged issue of fraudu
lent city bands, and to report what tax
will be necessary to meet the legiti
mate expenses of the administration.
Tho Eighth Judicial Circuit is to be
reformed. Judge Cook has instructed
the Sheriff to provide himself with a
cocked hat and sword, and hereafter
"the habit of tho bar and of the officers
of tho Court shall be black coats." If
they have no other habit that is black
they will do well enough, and, whilo
the Judges arc roviving court ceremo
nial, perhaps they will address thorn
selves to restoring to tho bench its dig
nity aud purity and knowledge of law.
?News and Courier.
Immigration t?the South.
Perhaps the misfortune of drought
and the grasshopper plague w(liich havo
crippled tho West this year, thougli
orriblc enough, in,themselves, nro
y producing hii /Ultimately good
est; in diverting the tide ofimmigra
tion to the South. There are other
causes undoubtedly at work" in turning
the current southward,hut it seems that
at last the flow of a new population
into the Southern States in large num
bers, which has been so ardently de
sired eves sinco thecloso of tho war, is
really commencing, and with proper
attention must continue increasing.
The cry ever siuce the teaming popu
lation of Europe began to seek now
homes, across the sea has been "Gtr
West," oud of all the millions. who*
have lauded upon these shores, but a
Comparative few havo strayed off from
the solid column which forced its way
steadily westward, and pushed tho ad
vance of civilization over the Missis
sippi river and tho Rocky mountains
to the fertile valleys and rich table
lands of the heart of the continent. At
no time were the inducements to settle
in the South favorable while the West
held out the most promising advanta
ges to all who proposed to make a
lodgment on its soil. Indeed, before,
the war the South cared nothing for
immigration; its labor and social sys
tem wero directly in conflict with it,
and when the conflict came it found
one section of tho country thoroughly
infused with the strength of a mighty
element which the other had Contemn
ed and rejected.
, But with the new order of things
came new opportunities and ncccsities
for the! South. In tho judgment of
many of her wisest friends the shortest
road to pence and prosperity lay
through tho securing of immigration
and the peopling and cultivation of
her extensive plantations by small far
mers who would divide them, employ
more labor and make the tilling of the
soil pay as it never did before. The
animosities left as legacies of tho war,
unfortunate contentions that have been
almost incessant since, and the tumul
tuous and mischievous politics of many
of tho Southern States, have, l'owcver
acted as an effectual bar against the
influx of immigrants in any consider
able number. But with the gradual
emerging of the Southern country from
its wretchedness and turmoil, and the
relegation of State after State to good
government, and the rehabilitation of
thecivil authority, the nltcnt on of im
migrants is attracted to the openings
tor the founding of bnppy homes and
the building of comfortable fortunes
in the South. They each bring a little
monc}, which combined amounts to
heavy capital, and this, no less than
intelligent and industrious labor, is
needed in the South. The system of
forming immigration colonies of two
or three, hundred people, and shipping
them abroad at once to some previous
ly selected location in the United
States for settlement, ought to be an
aid to the South in filling up her waste
country. All tho States have large do
mains to which they might very profi
tnhly ask the attention of the directors
of these immigrant colonies, under con I
dit ions quite as favorable as any which
could be offered front the West. There
have been already more of such colo
nies settled in the South than is gen
erally known, and there is one in par
ticular in Southern Virginia which
has been so successful that is has not
only attracted people from Ivnglnnd,
Ireland, and Scotland, 1 ut its induce
ments even drew from Ohio some
thirty families who abandoned their
old homes, and have never had any
reason to regret their removal to a new
locality. What has been done iu Vir
ginia may be repeated elsewhere in tho
South on the same scale, and tho infu
sion of the brains and strength of the
new comers would give an impetus to
the whole region such as would lilt it
out of the slough of despond, and rem
edy that unnatural condition in which
one-half of tho country overbalances
in wealth and industry the other and
no lees eapablo section.?Baltimore
No Hope of A Republican KesnHcitatiou.
Like all organizations builded upon
fraud and falsehood, tho Republican
party's downfall has been sudden and
crushing. It has etood for years an
immense hollow shell, needing tho
punching of a few holes in it to crura
bio into fragments. It is not too much
to assume that tho Republican party
of yesterday?the par. y of salary grabs
and Credit Mobilior and press gags?
tho bribery and forgery and f orjury?
tho pnrty of dragouades and midnight
raids upon defenceless citizens?tho*
party of Shepherd ring and Custom
house rings; tho party of Sahborn
moiety swindles aud Jayno customs rev
enuo blnck-mai?ng; tho party of mon
opolies and subsidies and land grants
aud grains; the party of Butler, of Came
ron, of Williams, of Pomerry, of Har
lan, of Patterson, of Hippie Mitchell,
of Poland, and of Caipenter, in fine,
the party of all imaginable men and
things that are infamous and odious;
it is not too much to assume that this
Republican party never can he resus
citated as a controlling power in Amor
ican politics. Its sole prestige wub in
its power.?[St. Louis Republican
SOLUBLE PACIFICGUANO-$48 Cash
$53 Time, without Interest.
Pacific (iuano Company 's Compound Aeid
Phosphate of Lime for Composting with cot
ton seed?$33 CohIi, $38 Time without In
To accommodate Planters, they can'order
now und have until 1st April to decide whe
ther they will take at timo or cash price.
When delivered from Factory by carIoad,no
drayage will bo charged. This Guano is now
so well known in all tho Southern State? for
its remarkable effects a* an agency for in
crcar.ing the products of labor as not to re
quire special recommendation from us. Its
use for nine years past has established its
character for reliable excellence. The Bup
fj'ies put into market this season arc, as
icreto!brer.prepared under the superintend
ences of Dr. St. Julian Ravenel, Chemist of
the Company, at Charleston, S. C, hence
Planters may rest assured that its quality and
composition is precisely the same as that
heretofore sold. J. N. ROBSON,
Agent for South Carolina
Charleston, S. C.
JOHN S. REESE & Co., General Agents,
Baltimore. Nc.v. 26-3m
In the Court op Probate.
By AUGU8T?8 B. KNOWLTOH, Esq.,
Judge of Probate in said County.
WHEREAo, Mrs. Ann C. Whigsenbunt
hnth made suit to me to grant lo her Letters
of Administration wiih the will annexed, of
the Estate and effects of Lewis Whissenhunt,
lale of said County, deceased.
These &ro therefore to cite nnd admonish
all uud singular tho kindred and Creditors
of the said deceased, to be and appear be
fore ine at a Court of Probate for tbo said
County, to b? holden nt my Office in Ornngc
burg, S. C, on the 10th day of December
1874, At 11 o'clock A. M., to show cause if |
any, why the said Administration should
not be granted.
Given under my hand and seal this 24th day
of November Anno Domini 1874.
[L.S.] AUG. B. KNOWLTON,
nov 2f?2t 'Judge of Probate.
In the Court of Pnqn.vrE.
Ex J'ttrte J. J. 8alley, Guardian of Fanny
By order of th? Co->rt of Probito, I w ill
sell at the Court House, in Orangeburg, on
the first Monday in Decombor next, a tract
of 112 acres, (30 acres cleared, balance
wood land) with good Dwelling House with
four Booms besides Dining Boom, on wa
ters of North Edisto Biver, about f? miles
from Orangeburg, on the Cannon's Bridge
Road, bounded by lands of Samuel Dibble,.
Win. II. Hart on and the Misses Barton, and
by the said road.
Terms one-third cash, balanco on two and
three years, secured by bond with interest
from date at the rato of 10 per cent per an
num, to be paid annually so long as auy
money remains unpaid, and a mortgage of
the premises. Purchaser to pay for papers
and for rccordiug.
Any one wishing to examine said place
will apply to either W. If. Barton or Abrain
Parker, who resides near the same.
Sheriff's Office, .) E. I. Cain,
Orangeburg C. IL, S. C, V S. O. C
Not. 12th, 1874. >
nov 14 td
EDISTO LODGE, NO- 33,
I. O. O. F. .
Officers nnd Members will take not ccthat
an extra communication will convene at tho
Hall over Mutwrs Vose & Izlarn store on Mon
day the 7th, at 4 o'clock,P. M. A punctual
attendance is requested.
By order N. G.
F. DEM A RS, Secretary;
Observe the >Following,
Mince Meat by the pound and pail Eng
lish plum Pudding a delicacy, Raisins Cur
rants, Citron, extracts Crushed, A C Powder
A full assortment of Fancy Confectionery.
Gumdropa,Burnt Almond*, French mixture
Fruit &c. A fresh assortment of Fancy Cakes
and Crackers, Cream Lemon genuine Snaps,
Red rust proof Oats, Seed Wheat, Seed Rye
A general Assortment of seasonable and
J. A. HAMILTON,
2-4t Market 8trcct.
JAMES A. WILLIAMS
H ovine and Coacli Painter
Residence on Markot Street,
ORANGEBURG, S- C.
IZXjAJR, & DIBBLE,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Orangeburg, S. C.
Jas. F. Izlar. S. Dibdle.
W. J. DeTreville,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Office at Court House Squaro,
Orangoburg, S. C.
etch 13. ly
New Goods, New Goods,
HAS JUST BEEN RECEIVED AT THE
Aod in rear of the Grocery, is the
ftfareh 20 ?;)A FIBCHER, ?
Bacon, Sugar Coffee & Flour
JUST RECEIVED AND FOR SALE AT
REDUCED PRICES FOR CA R,
Cheap Grocery House of
J S ALBERGOTTI.
Feb. 19 1874 tf Cornet Russeii Street and Railroad.
W, K. CROOK
HAVING JUST OPENED A FIRST CLASS
GROCERY AND LIQUOR STORE,
Would call the attention of the public to Ins well selected Stock of
Bacon,Flour,Lard, Butter, Molasses Sugar, Coffee,
Syrup, Can Goods, LIQUORS 0?.
OPPOSITE BULL, SCOVILL & PIKE
T. B. BOTD
HAS JUST RECEIVED A LARGE STOCK OF THE BEST
BOOTS SHOES, GROCERIES &C,
Which he will sell low down
ALSO THE LARGEST STOCK
SEGA.1! S AND TOBACCO
Ever offered in this market. No humbug, Call and convince yourself.
T. B? BOYD'S
GROCERIES, LIQUORS & CIGARS
C. D. KORTJ )TTN",
Agent for HAZL1TT ? t O S.
Hygienic Tonic Bitters.
r .. y ? - "
ITS Ingredient* are strictly Vegetable and as prescribed by all cducn'cd PliTatriana
in tlieir practice. t
Nov 20, c31 l v
Messrs. LAZARUS $ MORRIS,
OPTICIANS AND OCULISTS,
Have with a view to meet the increasing demand for ihcir Celebrated
Appointed E. EZEKIEL,
Dealer in Clocks, Jewelry, Silver and plated ware, &c.
Sign of Big Wattf^ *Ornngcburg, S.O., as tlieir solo agent for this pine*.
Spectacles TJnparraled by any for tlieir Strengthen
ing and Preserving (Qualities.
Producing a *?lear and Distinct Vision
As iu the Natural Hea.thy bight. 1 hey are the only Spectacles that preserve
as well assist the Sight! And are the Cheapest because the Best, always last
ing many years without change being necessrrv
Aug. 27-tf AGENT
INTENDED FOR ALL!
WHETHER YOU ARE OUR REGULAR CUSTOMERS OR NOT
T. KOHN & BRO.
Auk to Examine their MAGNIFICENT STOCK! No trouble to show our Goods.
You will he tempted, you will buy, unless you can resist everything, you will uot be im
portuned to buy, you will bo treated courteously and shown freely. We are very
anxious to part with numerous BARGAINS IN
DRESS Goods, Woolen Goods $>e, &o.
Which will be found on Examination to present as many Claims to Cheapness as any
similar Goods ever sold here.
Shawls, Scarfs, and Ties in endless varietyjofalljGrad? *nd prices
Resides in every respect tho Largest Stock of Pomcatic and Staple Goods in any house in
Orangeburg * Those in need of
Clothing and Furnishing Goods will 8nd the best assortment
and the lowest prices at __
T. KOHN & BRO.
We sell tho celebrated Burlocks DIAMOND Sil I KT brand
of which is too well known to need any special montion.
Roots, Shoes, Hats, and Caps^^*?***"?"*"**
ou hand and new oneacomhig
WK Receive Fresh Goods and Bargains daily from the beet Markets, so
when in town, or desirous of purchasing don't fail to call on .
THEODORE KOHN & BROTHER.