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title: 'Orangeburg times. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1872-1875, February 04, 1875, Image 4',
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I'AIISI AND PLANTATION TOPICS.
From the Rural Carolinian.
deled plants and their teachings.
A friend who had devoted much atten
tion to vegetable physiology, especially
in its relation to agriculture, lately
showed us two interesting specimens of
dried'plants. One was the common
oat, which the botanists class among
the Graminece, or grasses, and the other
vetch, a leguminous plant, allied to the
garden pea, the bean, the lupines, and
n the clovers. The plants had been grown
in flawex-pots, from which the ball of
earth had been taken and carefully
washed away from the roots, leaving
them unbroken and entire. The oat
plant, or, rather, olump of plants, pre
sented a mass of roots whioh would be
likely to astonish the nnobserving farm
er and] opbn his eyes to the necessity
of giving his crop breadth and depth of
soil, as well as something to feed upon.
The bulk and weight of the roots was,
we think, two to one at least as com
pared with tho parts growing above
ground. In the votoh, on the contrary,
the proportion was reveraed?the roots
making not more than one-third of the
entire bulk. Now the vetch, like the
olov&gg, js Jfpund to bo exceedingly rich
in nitrogen, and therefore very valuable
as a green-soiling crop. Whon plowed
under, it enriches the soil by supplying
the roquired nitrogenous plant food, j
Where and how this and similar plants j
get the vast amount of nitrogen, whioh
they store up to enrich the soil, is, per- I
hap:?, an open question. It was former-1
ly believed that plants like vetch, gar
den peas, buckwheat, etc., whoso roots
are comparatively small and of limited
extension, absorb ammonia directly
from tho atmosphere through their
leaves. Lato experiments seem to show
conclusively that this is not tho case.
They get it through the roots exclusive
ly, but it still appears certain that it
must be the atmosphere that supplies
it. It is (in its elements) in the air, tho
rains and the dew whioh permeate the
soil,; and in that laboratory of nature,
and decomposed and mado available in
the form of ammonia. These facts, thus
briefly and imperfectly stated, teach
several lessons of immense practical
value to tho farmer. l.'That different
olasses of plants have different modes of
feeding, as distinctly shown by their
roots. 2. That -certain leguminons
plante, and probably all of them, in a
greater or less degree, ore great pur
veyors of nitrogenous plant food, and
should therefore be made use of as
green soiling crops to onrioh tho land
for the grains and tho fibre-bearing
plantb, tho limo and other nub elements
being; cheaply obtainable to complement
them. 8. That in view of the fact that
the fertilizing elements whioh are elab
orated in the soil come so largely from
the atmosphere, it is of the utmost im
portance that the land \)o well broken
up and the soil kept loose and porous
by judicious1 and-frequent cultivation,
no that air and moisture can freely pene
trate it. ,HHJ
IMPROVEMENT OF CLAYEY SOILS.
One of the principal defeots of olayey
BoilB, especially where they rest upen a
subsoil of the samo nature, is the ex
cess of water which is held in thorn.
The only effectual way in a majority of
oases to get rid of this is by thorough
nnderdraining. This draws off by im
perceptible degrees all tho exoess of
water and opens the soil to the free ad
mission of the air, which in its passage
through it imparts warmth and suoh
fertilizing gases as it may contain.
Open drains or ditohes, though less
effectual, are useful. In some oases
water furrows', terminating in some
ravirie'oY 'flit?h, serve a good pupose.
Lime is exceedingly useful as an ameli
orator of olayoy soils, iudnoing chomi
oal combinations, the mechanical eiTee.
of whioh is to break up tho too groat
tenacity of the clay, while it adds, at
the samo time, an element of fertility
which may perhaps bo wanting. Gyp
sum, or piaster of Paris, has tho same
effect in a still moro powerful degree.
Ashes, coarse vegetable manures, straw,
loaves, ohipa, etc., aro also very useful,
adding new materials to the soil, and
tonding to separate its particles and de
stroy thoir strong cohesion. Olayoy
lands must never be plowed whon wet.
CLOVER AS AN ACCUMULATOR Ol-'NITROOEN.
Wo find it stated that Dr. Voolokor,
by a series of tho most exhaustive an
alyses of soils and of plants, has discov
ered and established the fact that an
immense amount of nitrogenous food
ncoumnlates in the soil during tho
growth of clover, especially in tho sur
face soil; amounting, inolnding that in
the olover roots and tops, to thrco and
a half tons of nitrogen per aoro; equal
to four tons and a third of ammonia.
If this be a fact, the wonderful effects
of olover, votoh, and similar plante on
the soil cease to be mysterious, and tho
farmer need no longer buy ammonia in
his commercial fertilizers, bnt only add
to the soil the limo and other ash ele
ments required, whioh can bo choaply
furnished in available forms.
CHEATED?THE BROMU8 BE0ALIMJ8 SWIN
Bometimo ago a speoimen of wheat,
in whioh there were a few grains of
chess, or cheat, was presented to the
Philadelphia Academy of Natural
Soienoes. It seemed at first as if the
scientists wore to bo confounded and
naturo made to con trad iot herself. The
speoimen laid boforo the learned men of
the academy was a head of wheat, to
which small branches of chess were
united, and apparently in n vory natural
manner. The specimen was finally re*
ferred to the " microscopical section,"
who report that the thing was a trick.
The ohess was nearly inserted into the
wheat stalk, and held there by a sub
stanoo" which tho committee believe
to be gum tragaoonth."
winter PLANTING in the south.
In ordinary seasons, our winters in
the lower south, or South Atlantic and
Gulf Ooast regions, are so mild that the
hardier vegetables grow finely, and re
main uninjured during the coldest
months?December and January?-but,
occasionally, severer freezes occur, and
tho gardener must'be content to take
some risks, even in the ease of tho
hardiest speoieB. This, in tho limited
operations of the family garden, he can
well afford to do, for failure costs mere
ly a little not unpleasant labor and a
few seeds, and success rewards him
with an early and excel lent crop. An
excellentoontrivanoe for securing plants
in rows against frost consists in two
boards, a foot wide, nailed together at
the edges in the form of a threo-cor
nerod trough, made of light thin
boards; these are easily handled, and
a few such protectors will be found very
useful. - It is bettor that tho ends
should be closed, though the more shel
ter of the lateral pioees will bo sufficient
in cose of light frosts. In planting
seeds of any kind at this soason of the
year, it is best that tho rows shoul d be
slightly elevated abovo tho general sur
face, and tho covering be light. A good
way is to saw on the surface, and then
scatter or sift over them a little vegeta
ble mold or light soil.
Cabbage WonM.?After trying vari
ous remedies, we have found boiling
hot water from a watering-pot, the
simplest, easiest, and most effectual
modo of destroying the cabbage worm.
If applied quickly and not too long on
the leaves, it produces no injury. It is
easy repeated as ocoasion requires.
It may not bo possible to proouro
sand enough for mixing with large
quantities of roots intended as food for
stock. Tho next best thing to bo done
is to keep them seoure from frost, light
and air, and to prevent heating and fer
mentation by the ueo of air-flues. Oar
rots, rutabogaB, beets and mangolds
should bo stored before they are dam
aged by frost, as thoy never keep well
after boing frozen.? Western Mural.
Family Glue.?We make our glue
in the following way; Crack up the
glue and put it in a bottle ; add to it
common whisky ; shako up, cork tight,
and in three or four days it can be used.
It requires no beating, will keep for
almost any time, nnd is at all times
ready to use except in the coldest
of weather, when it will require warm
ing. It must be kept tight, bo that the
whisky will not evaporate. Tho usual
corks or stoppers should not bo need.
It will become clogged. A tin stopper,
covering tho bottle but fitting as closely
as possible, must bo used.
The United States of America pro
duce annually about 275,000,000 bushels
of wheat, or about 6} bushels per cap
ita. Of this amonnt they consume
over 230,000,000 bushels, or about 5J
bushels per capita; and havo about 42,
000,000 surplus left for sale, The
United Kingdom of Great Britain nnd
Ireland produces annually about 05,
000,000 bushels of wheat, and consumes
100,000,000 bushels, or about 6} bush
els per capita. It has therefore a de
ficit to purohaso, amounting to as much,
of wheat, as all it produces, or 95,000,
000 bushels. Thus, England has two
bushels of wheat to buy where wo have
ono to sell.
Staiu Carpets.?To prevent the pilo
from separating at the edge of the stair
and wearing off, pads are usod ; these
aro mado of a low grado of cotton, cov
ered with tho choapest muslin. A quilt
or comfort that has soon sorvico will
answer the purpose of stair pads. In
additiv, u to increasing tho leaso of use
fulness of tho earpot, tho pads provont
noisy clattering of feet, aud, in ense
tho baby should fall downstairs, tho
injury rocoivod would bo materially
lessonod. Whon first laid down the
oarpot should bo several inches longer
than needed, that it may bo disposed
of after each shaking so that n fresh
placo may oome to all tho edges. A
wisp or small diiBting broom is tho best
for sweeping stair oarpots. After thor
ough sweeping n wot cloth may bo used
to good advantage in removing all dust.
M akv was the proprietress of a dimin
utive, inoipient sheep, whoso outer cov
ering was as devoid of oolor as congealed
vapor, aud to all localities to which
Mary perambulated, her young South
down was morally certain to follow. It
tagged her to tho dispensatory of learn
ing, ono diurnal sootion of time, which
was contrary to all precedent, and ex
oited tho caohination cf tho Bominary
attendants, whon tho children porooivod
tho presenoe of a young quadruped at
tho establishment of instruction. Oon
sequontly, tho precoptor expellod him
from the interior, but ho oontinnod to
remain in tho immediate vieinity, and
tarried in the neighborhood withont
fret fulness until Mary onoo more Lo
PREPARING FOB WAR.
A. Special Alssiago from tho President?
Recommending an Appropriation for
The president sent the following
message to the senate and honae of
In my annual message of December
1, 1878, while inviting general attention
to recommendations made by the secre
tary of war, your speoial attention was
invited to the importance of the prep
aration for war in the armament of
our sea-coast defenses proper. This
armament is of vastly more importance
than fortifications. The latter can be
supplied very speedily for temporary
purposes when needed. The former
cannot. These views gain inoreased
strength as years roll by. I have now
again the honor to call special attention
to the armament of our fortifications,
and the absolute necessity for the im
mediate provision by congress for the
procurement of heavy cannon. The
large expenditures required to supply
the number of guns for our forts, is tho
strongest argument that can be ad
duced fcr a liberal ssnusl appropria
tion for their gradual accumulation.
In the time of * war suoh preparations
cannot bo made.
The constant appeals ' for legislation
on tho armament of fortifications, ought
no longer to be disregarded, if congress
desires to prepare for important mate
rial, without whioh the futuro must in
evitably lead to disaster. This subjeot
is submitted with the hope that the con
sideration it deserves may be given it
the present session.
[Signed] U. 8. Gbant.
Witiii Wondehs Nbveb Obase??"When
Dr. Walker proclaimed that he had pro
duced from the medicinal herbs of Cali
fornia an elixir that wonld regenerate
the sinking system and euro every form
of disease not organic, the inorednlons
shook their heads. Yet his Vinegar
Bitters is now the standard restorative
of the western world. Under the oper
ation of the new remedy, dyspeptics re
gain their health; the bilions and con
stipated are relieved of everyjdistress
ing symptom ; the consumptive and re
mittent fevers are broken ; tho heredi
tary taint of scrofnla is eradicated!
Skepticism is routed, and this wonder
ful preparation is to-day the most pop
ular tonic, alterative, and blood depur
ent ever advertised in America. We
don't sell rum under the guise of medi
oine. Wo advertise and sell a pure
medicine which will stand analysis by
any chemist in the conntry.
No use of any longer taking the large,
: repulsive, griping, drastic and nauseous pills,
composed of crude and bulky ingredients, and
I put Ui> in cheap wood or paste-board boxoB,
when vro can, by a earef nl application of chem
ical scionco, extract all the cath&rtio and other
medicinal-properties from the mo:>t valuablo
roots and herbs, and concent rato them into a
minute Grannie, scarcely larger than a mus
tard need, that can be readily swallowed by
those of tho most sensitive stomaches and
faBtidiouB tastes. Eaoh of Dr. Plerce's Pleas
ant Pnrgativo Pellets represents, in a moat
concentrated form, as much oathartio power
as is embodied in any of the large pills found
for ealo in the drag Btoreu. From their won
dorfnl oathartio power, in proportion to their
size, people who nave not tried them are apt
to suppose that they are harsh or drastic in
effect, but Buch in not at all tho caso, tho dif
ferent active medicinal principles of whioh
thoy are composed being so harmonized, one
by the others, as to produce a most searching
and thorough, yet gontly and Kindly operating
cathartio. The Pellet? aro Bold by dealora in
An lCx-CouiciicT.it i- In Lnok.
J. O. Borlean, residing at Happy Jack, Lou
lana, who gavo an arm to the ''Lost Causo."
won a $3.000. piece of property in Col. J. E.
Fostor'a Oct. Distribution at Houston, Texas.
Louisianians aro invoBting largely in the Sec
ond Distribution, which takes placo.March 3d.
An irishman called at a drug store to
got a bottlo of Johnson's Anodyne Liniment
for tho Bhcumatism ; tho druggist asked him
in what part of tho body it troubled him most,
?'Bo me soul," said he. "I have it in ivery
houl and corner or mo.
Fon loss of cud, horn all, red water
in cows, loss of appetite, rot, or murrain in
sheep; thlok wind, broken wind, and roaring,
and for all obstructions of tho lddnoyH in
horses uso Shoridan's Cavalry Condition Fow
Qo TO Bivoraldo Water Cure, Hamilton, HI.
Dr. Tail's Expectorant ia th* most valu
able IiUUK Ualsatn ever offered to sufferora from
Pulmonary dlsea?cs. It Is pleasant to take.
VROGTAniiG PULMONARY I!A1>
N ASS! Most approved.reliable and well-known rem
edy for Ooimhs, Colds & Consumption. (Jet the gen
uine. Price|i;amall60o. Cutler Bnos.fc Co.,Boston
Agents. Chang Chant: sells at sl<;ht. Necessary as
poap. Go. da free. Chang Chang MTg Co..Iloslon.
/"Ioloukd Soldibk*?Of lato wnr can get nonnly
by writing to c. K. AUNOM). Cincinnati, o.
AMSiiKN I'kacii Kaui.ikst.?Safely by mail, f I
Circular freo. l. u. Amsdk.v. v nrthwge, Mo.
Qifj K. A WKKK. Agents wanted everywhere. For
tp 0 O out in 25c FjiiTen & Walkkk, Dayton, Ohio.
?TR ? ?9fl Vi>r ,,ny nl ,l0n><?. Terms Ireo. Addrest
VW H ?ko. Btinhon A Co.. Portland, Maine
d<90n a month to agents everywhere. Address
uj^ivu Bxorlsior M'y'o Co., Buchanan, Mich.
AOKNTS WANTKO?Men and women f.H a
week or 1105 forfeited. The secret Oreo, write
at once to COWKN A CO.. 8th street. New York.
OPIUM ANTinOTK.--Discovered by a sufferer.
Hundreds cured the lust year. No pain, fond
stamp to M UH. P. U. ilOttSKu. Logansport. Ind.
SOA1KTI1IN? FOR YOU.-Bend atarupand
vet 11. Freo to all. Address
RUHST A Op.,78 Nassau slree , New York.
t???)i \ Dally lo Agruls. RS new urilctes and the
tlPAIV/ best Family Paper In America, with two
16 chromes, iree. A nt.M 'I'g Co .900 Hroanway, N.Y.
?> t> r- PKR 1>A Y commission or aUO a week
?iri^fl salary,and exix-nscs. We offer l( mid will
paj- It Apply now. t >. U'thiin ?.-_.?:n, m hi h m.I i
One box or Cur?'? Instant Ink Powder V
wlllma*t.?plntof ?BT BLACK INX iff Bra mlnnw.. B
?1.15 rerdi, ?1.15 bj mill. XL OIO. Our, ZunaTll'.f.o.. /
Constant Employment.?At home, male or female,
**) u week warranted. No capital required, Par
ticulars and valuable samples reut free. Addiosi
with flc return stamp, C. Iloss, WIUIamsburgh.N.Y.
GTT "KT ? Caialo?iie Free
IM r*i dolph &. Co., 1018 N
Mh ritreci Bt. I^mts, Mo.
P?31 Tn BAltTor Beeret or Cypher WiI tlng.l ?"d
pClland a good nsrjer one yoar. for llfty cents, ??
OCjlAddresH " VKNT11.ATOll," Manuln?- Cid
P*-t ton. West Virginia, Sample copies Iree.ltrd
JUlI.T.l?. CHILDS, TMOY. MIAMI COL'rtl V. o.
fiend stamp for
fllll ll'.fi.I ill-1
ADVERTIBER8I Bend ?O cts. to G_xo. P. How
jilt, & Co,.41 Park Row, N. Y., for their .Pom
phlet of lOU pave*, containing lists of 8,000 news
papers, anil eslfniatea sbowfnv roat of arivertialii
AGrUTC Uf AftlTCn Vor tho fastest celling
AOtfl I 5 ft AW I tU booh over published.
Send for Specimen pages and cur extra terms to
agents. National Puhlishiko Co., Cincinnati,
Onto, or Memphis, Tonn.
A MONTH.?Agents wanted every*
whero Business honorable and Hrst
class. Particulars sent free. Address
WOIITH A CO. Bt Louis, Mo.
THIS paper Is printed with Ink famished by
Charles Eneu Johnson <fc Co., 509 Bo. 10th ft.,
Philadelphia, and 69 Gold Htreet. Now York. For
sale In 10 and 25 lb cans by SOUTHKRN NEWS
PAPER UNION, Nashville. Tenn.
?'OSYCHOMAWCY, or Soul Cham?In?;."
? How vltlicr in way haelnate anil Etta tlx lure and
aftYcllon or?njr ntraon tlieycliooae.lntUnlly. VMS art ?11 r?n
ih ?-, free, by mall,*5 centi! tcf ether with ? MarrlaKe Guide,
ki>Ttl?n Oracle, Drrar-i, Htatl to Ladle.. Ac. MMM*M]4
queer book. Addreaa T. WILLIAMS * co., Put/a, Philadelphia.
rorCaUJoraa. Addrei? *?r?.?? ^V""*?" *w|
?u? natal TtTorlu, fflXXS BLBOU, ?*A.
THE earliest and most FroliUo Cotton In the
world. Makes from 2 to 3 bales psr acre, four
weeks earlier thai: r.r.v r.tl.rr cotton. Bend for cir
culars. Address W. R, McUARLKY, Carrollton,
Carroll connty. Miss.
With persons desiring to exchange Bouthern or
Western Lands, lepreclated corporation bom's or
debts of any kind lor Kt. Louis property. Bargains
Rrocured for investors in Bt, Louis property, and
ill Information as to value and titles Imparted to
clients Westcott. UjtiiMAK ?^RAmaY^CoMnaol
1 n V1 ?" ? t! c?C o rp^
Investing Agent, 518 Pine Street, Ht. Loola, Me.
A Book exposing the mysteries of TITIT T om
and how any ono may oporato enc- TT 11 Li Li 01 ?
cCBsfully with a capital or 8BO or $1UUU. Com
plete Instructions und Illustrations to any addrcna,
?PtirimilDli tc ?5fc CO. BANKKiutandBnoKKR?,
2 Wall i t reel, New York.
SONGS OF JOT!
A NRW COLLECTION OF
HYMN'S ainti? TTJjSTIDS
Rspeclaliy adapted for Prayer and Camp Meollnp?,
Christian Associations and Family Worship, Ily
j. II. Tknnky. Boards,30cents: Flexible Cloth.
3^ cents. Bent postpaid on receipt of the price.
liKlS &, SIItfPARD, Iloaton.
,THffi BKST In tlto World.
ft aiveallnlvental Satisfaction.
40 I ?vi. more Bread to bbl. Flour.
HAVIOVi MILK, KGQ8, AcC.
Ono year's savin c will buy acow
NO NORK SOU It BREAD.
Whiter lichter, sweeter, richer.
KVKIIYBU?V Praises It.
The ladles arc til In lovewlthlt.
8KLX.S like HOT DAKKS.
?Wtsend at once for circular to
HRO. F. OKAHTZ tfc CO.,
170 Onane sc.. New York.
This now Truss Is worn
with perfect comfort
night and day. Adapts
Itself to every motion
of the body, retaining
Rupture uuuer the
hardest exercise or se
verest strain nntil tier
niancntly cured. Bold
cheap by the
Elastic Truss Co.,
08U Hronclway, New York City.
Bout by mall. Call or send for circular and be cured.
And S35.UOO in Gold, at Houston, Toxai,March
3; endo.aed by the City Council. Agents wauted.
circulars. Texas Maps and Pamphlets sent free.
Address J. K. FOSTER, Houston, Texas. A'o eon
neetlon with the Denlton, Way ley ?fr lAtekart, or
any other timitar enttrprUe.
QC A HV TUP criAUTIOX BOOK OF Tin: KKASON.
" fob0; the gbeat south.
AbbN IO. Fee Specimen Pages in BCRIB
NKll'H MAGA/.TNE, fnr 1874.
SOU Patres, and 00O ILLUSTRATIONS.
Tho moat magnificent work ever puutinhed In this
country. Junttne thing for bouthorn aeonts Every
southern man will wish It. Also sold in connection
with above or alone If desired, the splendid Steel
Engraving from Julio's renowned Oil Painting,
entitled ''La?! Meeting of Gen'ls Leo tk Jackson "
Bend for circular to AMERICAN PUBLISH
ING CO., IIB Randolph street, Chicago, 111
WATERS' NEW SCALE PIANOS
are the beat uiadei t'e loach elaatlc, ?rnl a
One stncr'iia; tone, powerful, pure nnrlcrcn.
W A TICK?? CONOKIITO OilUAKS
cannot be excelled in tone or Ueautyi they ilefy
compel Itlon. The Concerto atop ii a fine
Imltntlon o/ the Unman Voice. FltlrKS
KXTRtCimcLY LOW for caali during *M*
Month. Monthly Inatallmcnt? recaivedt
on Pianos, SIO to 8Ul>; orirans, S3 to 81"?
Second Itand Instruments, fju to 9a,
monthly after tlrat Deposit. AOKATa
IVANTaCD. A liberal alacount to Teact.ert.
Hinteler*, Churehe*. 6'choolt, I.otlpes, etc. Npcclnl
inilticcuieiit. to tho trade. llinatratee
CatelomM Malled. Holl ACIC WATKRs
&. BOM, 4SI Uroad wuy. New York. Moxiibl,
Stauflarfl American Billiard TallesT
Patented June G, 1S71, and December 21,1871.
H. W. COLLENDER,
BUl'^EHSOIt T>? 1
No. 718 Broadway, New York ; P. O, Box 1,817.
Cloths, nails, cues, and everything appertaining
to Billiards at lowest prices. Illustrated catalogue
sent by mall.
WLLBOirS OOMPOITHD OF
PURE COD LIVEE
OIL AND LIKE.
Wtlbor'r. Cod Liver Oil nml Lime.? Peisons
who have been taklngCod LlverOII will heplei>fed
to learn that Ur. Willior I'asnttrcceded, from direc
tions of several pronstinnal gentlemen. In com
bining the pure oil anil Mmo In euch a maunerthat
it Is pleasant to the> taste ami its efTects in lung
complaints P.re truly wonderful. Very many i?er
sons whove ea?-o? were pronontieed hopeleiw and
wh'i had tiiken the clear oil for a long tlmn with
out marked effect, have been entirely cured by
using this preparation. Re Bure nnd gut the grnu
tne. Mamiliu-iure I nnly by A. ft, WlLBOKl
t hemlHi, Itostou. Bold by ell drugglsta.
t>?M. A?ENT8 WAKTEil
lo .oil the
By Mm. Htcnhonoo r>f Salt lA?n City, for 8ft
? ein; Ihovrlfcof n Mormon Illnh l'ric.C It lava
liar* llic uhh()ltnllf4"of llio Mortnoua aa a "us'tte
?wtte tn,n,i,i,tfrtil." Uriclit, l'nre anil Good.it
i< Ilia beul im ?r Imnk out, and oiittclta all othern
ihr** in cur. Mialitrra iay " G?k1 nntd it:'
Everybody mil Ii. W? want .I.OOO more truity
?M\ and will mall flutnt Free to all who will
I it.:o J'-imi.l.lrU with full partlcnlara. *ntfrte.
AdilryM Hucfa City t'ublbhlng C?j-, CINCINNATI, OHIO.
Who wish a Thorough preparation for
bnslncB?, will find suporlnr advantages at
Mooro's Southern Business UNIVERSITY, Atlanta, Ga.
Tho largest and IlOBt Prnetiral nuslnoss School
In tho South. DTtTSttidcnts can enter at any time.
AfsTSond for Chtaloguo to B. F. MOORE, Pras'i
. ;>.-?(..? ItlnerrA,
II*r<tTvira Dealer* flell Th.m.
Von^a $ l,v?V I y ninil, po>t l ?>"!,
C'uculaia free, AtMrvti
II. \V. ntu.?Co. Deeatur, 111,
An Interesting IIIub
trated work of 26C
J pages, containing
valuable Information for those who are married or
oomtemplate niarrlago. Price lift y cents by ninll.
sddnss int. BBTTO' DIHPKNSAKY. 19 North
Klghth I..":. Louto, Mo
T*blfoMzmmi!:?!&frf all kinds,
?Dt* ?^elusive makera of tho ''Patent Ivorjr*? or Celluloid Knife. The moat Durable Wlilto
Handle known. The Handles nover ?ret loose, are not nfTected ny liot waior. aIwhtf rkiT Vnr
tfio ?? Trado Mark." MKHIOKN CUXLKUV COlUPAKlf?' on the blade. Warranted ami
by all dealers In Cutlery, and by tbo MEKIDKN OUTL-ERY CO.. 49 Chambers street, New York.
MINERAL ROCK SPRING,
Cures Dropsy. Dyspepsia, Diabetes, Constipation,
a ravel. Jaundice, Brlght'b, Disease Scrofula.
Fever Serf a, Femlne Wenkneas.ln all Ita forms,
nil Diseases of the Kidneys and Diver.
Paicx.?Barrel:, ?12; half do. ?7; cans. Juki, demi
john n nnd bottle', &o cts per gallon; packages ex
tra. Money most accompany tbe order. Fend
stamp lor our book of 32 pngts, giving description
ef tbe above diseases.
O. O. OLIN & CO.,
. VI Rttkcslia. WIs.
f%t> mm TO 920 PER RAT easily rondo t?
25cv anyone. We want men, women, boys and
? "H girls, all over tho country U> sell oar Fin*
%S$W IttmW "t00' Koirrarlngs, Chrcmos, Crayon Draw
^S* ..lags, Illuminations, Photographs, etc, etc
We now publish the finest assort most over placed before
the public, aad onr prices are marked down so low a* to
darr nil composition. Those who cannot giro the buM
n?s their whole Ihiiu, or so far away tmxa homo, can add
a handsome little sum to tholr Income, by werkln? for as
In their own localities dating their spare time.
Wo ham many old agonts at work for ns who bare
made eanvasalnx for books, papers, etc, their business
forynsra,and they all report that they can BHI much
tnoro money at wwk for us than at anything olao. Oar
firlces aro so low that all can aflord to pnrohaso. and
linrof ore the pictures sell at eight at almost ?very houac
New beginners do as well as agents who hare had largo
?rperieD.ee, for our beautiful subjects and low prices an
appreciated by all. To moke large sales everywhere, aU
an agent has to do Is to show tho pictures from bouse to
bouse. Don't look (or work elsewhere until yoa turn
seen what great Inducements we offer roa to make
money. We havo not space to oxphdnaU here, bat send
us your address aad wo will send full particulars, free.
the finest and most pleasing in this country, aad ore In
dorsed by nil the leading papers. Including the New York
Herald. Thoso who cannot giro tbe business their entire
attention, can work up their own localities aad moke a
handsome ?um without eier being away from nemo orer I
night- Let all rrho want pleasant, profitable amplaymeo).
without risking capital, send us their addresses at once,
and learn all about tho business for themselves. Plots*
stato what paper yon saw this advertisement la.
O v_ Ar t Publish era,
No. 617 St. Charles Street, St. Loula, Wo.
cantlnoes to treat all esses of obstacle* to marriage, b*oo
mj.urlUes, erery oltmeot or *lckaeai ?bleh rcaolU five
InJlierellon or Imprudenee, with snpixelleled snoo&as
Dr. WV? eftabllabment 1* chartered by the Stato Ol UU
aoiirl, waa founded and haa been citabtlahed to en ir
eafe, certain and rellsbls relter. Being a gradual* a
aereral medical college*, and haTlog the experience u ?
long and ?aece**rul lifo in hl* ?prclaltlc* be (as perfMtc
recite* that are effectual la all these ease*. Ula patiaatt
are belog treated by mall or expreaa everywhere. He
matt? r who failed, call or write. J'rom the groat num
ber of application* he la enabled to keep hie chart.**
low. 3u pages, giving fall lymptoni, for tno a'anvye
K0| agej. a pnpntar book which thonld be' read by ereri
bMr- No married pair, or person! eonterarUtlog mat
rl.gcan OSWrJ to do without It. It contain, the cream ti
tnt.:le?l literature oo this eu?-Joet, tbe reaolUof Dr. w.'s
one expcrlene?:.lao the beat thnoaht. frora late work*
>n iurepe sod America. Seat scaled, post-paid tut A ru.
Acertain and euro cure, without Inconvenience,
and at home. An antldoto tint stands purely on Its
own merits. Send for my quarterly mngazlno (ft
cosUyou nothing), containing certificates of hundreds
that Iisto been permanently cured. I claim to have
discovered and produced tho fiiist. obiuixal and
only 8pbk CtXBK FOB OI'IUU xat1x0.
DR. S. n. COLLINS, La Porte, Ind.
n.M. WOOLEY,Bole Agt. Southern States,
HAIimCTJRED at Home; No
Publicity. Terms moderate.
Tlwo ?h?rt. Pour yearn of un
paralleled siicccfs. Describe rose.
400 testimonials. Addrcssl)r.F.K.>lsr?h.(Julncv.Mlch,
itiOftii and expenses a month to agents. Address
IpfcwW A.l. bTODDAHD, JencsvUlo, Mich
MORPHINE HABIT speedily
cured by Dr. lleck'a only
known and sure Remedy.
for treatment until cured. Cf.il on or address
DR. <J. 0. BECK,
113 John, street* CINCLNXAT1, Omo.
The Hp ritual Mys ery. the Medium's Hecrei, Mo
diiimsnlp, Materialisation, taucht In two books, oy
t?n> wf rid famed Seer. Or P. H. nsndolpli. Price
(otbo.'U work*. 7? cents. Address.
K. COIteOf, Puhllsi er, Toledo, Ohio.
WHfcN wrluag to advertisers please motitn i
the name of thin paper. No o m. *. ft.
The American Newipnper Union nnmbar?
over l.coo papsrs, aoparatcd into seven subdivis
ions. For separate lists and cost of advertising,
address 8. P. SANBOBN, 114 Mouroo 8.., Oklaago.
Dr. J. Walker's California Yin.
Cgar Bitters aro a purely Vegetable,
preparation, made chiefly'from tho na
tive herbs found on tho lower ranges o!
tho Sierra Nevada mountains of Califor
nia, tho nicdieinal properties of which
aro extracted thorcfroni without the uro
of Alcohol. Tho question is almost
daily asked, What is tho causo of tbo
unparalleled, success G* Vin??ak Krr
TErts?" Our answ er Is, that thoyrciubYO
tho causo of disease, and tho patient re
covers his health. They aro tho great
blood purifier and a lifo-giving principle,,
a perfect Ilonovator and. Invjgorator
of tho system Nover before in the* .
Instory of tho world has a medicine booni,
compounded possessing tho rcmnrknble*?
qualities of VlKKOARBlTTKHS in bjBSUOg the*
M.:ck yf svsry disease mrtn is heir They
aro n gentle Purgative- as well as a Tonic,,
relieving Congestion: or Iuflninuiation oP
tho Liver and Visceral Org?.r>?. in Bilious
The properties of Diu Walkbr's
VihkoarItiTTKBS aro Aporiont, Dinnhorotio,
CnrniiuaUvo, Nutritions, Laxative, J>iure(ic,
?edntive, Counter-irritant, Sudorific, Altera
tive, and Anti-Bilious. ?
Grateful Thousands proclaim vin.
kg at: Bitteks tho most wonderful In
vigorant that over sustained tho sinking
No Person can take these Hitters
according to directions, and remain long
unwell, provided their bones aro not de?
Gtroycd by mineral poison or othex
moais, and vital organs wasted boyoad
Bilious, Remittent and Intel*
mitteilt rovers, which are so preva
lent in the valleys of our groat rivers
throughout tho United States, especially
those of tho Mississippi, Ohio, Missouri^
Illinois, Tennessee, Cumberland, Arkan
sas, Red, Colorado, Brazos, Rio Grandoj, -
Pearl, Alabama, Mobile, Savannah, Ro
anoko, James, and many others, with*
their vast tributaries, throughout ono
entire country during tho Summer and?
Autumn, and remarkably so during sea
sons of unusual heat and "dryne-ss, are
invariably accompanied by extensive de
rangoments of the stomach and liver*
and other abdominal viscera. In their
treatment, a purgative, exci ting a pow
erful influence upon these various or
gans, is essentially necessary. There
is no cathartic for tho purposo equal to
Dr. J. Walker's Vinegar Bitters,
as they will speedily removo tho dark
colored viscid mattor with which the
bowels aro loaded, at tho same time
stimulating tho secretions of tho liver,,
and generally restoring the healthy
functions of tho digestive organs.
Fortify the body against disease
by purifying all its fluids with Vinegats
Bitters. No epidemic can take bold
of a system thus fore-armed.
Dyspepsia or Indigestion, Headv
ache, Pain in tho Shoulders, Coughs.
Tightness of tho Chest, Dizziness, Sour
Eructations of tho Stomach, Bad Taste
in tho Mouth, Bilious Attacks, Palpita
t at ion of tho Heart, Inflammation of the*
Lungs, Pain in tho region of tho Kid
neys, and a hundred other painful symp
toms, aro tho offsprings of Dyspepsia.
Ono bottle will provo a hotter guarantee
of its merits than a lotigtby advertise
Scrofula,.or King's Evil, wS!te
Swellings, Ulcers, Erysipelas, Swelled Neck,
Goitro, Scrofulous Inflammations, Indoloafc
Inflammations, Horonriol Affections, Old
Soros, Eruptions of the Skin, Soro Eyes, etc
In those, as in all other constitutional Dis
eases, Walker's Vinboar Bittbrs bavo
shown thoir great ourativo powers in tho
most obstinato and intractablo cases.
For Inflammatory and Chronic;
Rheumatism, Gout, Bilious. Remit- .
tent and Intermittent Fovors, Diseases o*
tho Blood, Liver, Kidneys and Blruhior,
those Bitters havo no equal. Such Diseases
are caused by Vitiated Blood..
fagod in Paints and Minerals, euch as
lumbers, Typo-Bottore, Gold-beaters, and
Minors, as thoy advaueo in lifo, are sabjeot
to paralysis of tho Bowels. To guard
against this, tako a dose of Walkbr'svUsV
boar Bittbrs occasionally.
For SKin Diseases, Eruption?, Tefc*
tor, Salt-Khenm, Blotches, Spots, Pimplosy
Pustulos, Boils, Carbuncles, Uing-wormsv
Scald-heud, Soro Eyos. Erysipelas, Itch.-.
Scurfs. Discolorations or the 8kin, Humors
and Bi8oasos of tbo Skin of wbatovor name,
or nature, aro lito'raily dug up and carried
out of tho system in a short timo by the ai;c?
of those Bittere.
Pin, Tape, and other Worms?
lurking in tho oystom of so many thonsand&y
aro effectually destroyed and removed. 2To? *
?vstem of medicine, no vermifuges, no an?.
tnehninitics will free the system from womit?
like theso Bitters.
For Femalo Complaints, in young
or eld, married or single, at the dawn of wo
manhood, or the turn of life, these Tonic
Bitters display so decided an iufluonce that
improvement is soon perceptible.
Cleanse tho Vitiated Blood when
ever you find its impurities burstiug through
the sJrin in Pirnplos, Eruptions, or Sored;
clcanso it when you find It obstruct od and
sluggish in tho veins: cleanse it when it is
foul: your feelings will tell yon when. Keep
tho blood puro, and tbo health of the. system
r. ii. McDonald a v.o.,
Druggists ami Gen. Agta., San Franelcoo, California,
and cor. of Wwrdnfton and Charlton SU., N, 9.
BQlt] inj-all Dragglat* ami Dealer?? J