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The Orangebnrg Times.
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SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1878.
Fio Nino, Pope of Rome, died oiT
Thursday, 7th instant, at 3 p. M.
Cardinals in foreign countries were
telegraphed for, and a meeting will
be held as soon |as possible, to elect a
new Pope. Pius IX was the two
hundred nnd fifty-sixth successor of
St. Peter. His career has )been a
long and eventful one, and his death ,
though long expected, will cast a
gloom over the entire Catholic world.
The Charleston Races.
Thisseason of pastime and pleasure
recurred again on Tuesdny last;
and many of our citizens visited the
city both on errands of busiuess nnd
pleasure. The' weather having been
favorable, we hope their expectations
were hot disappointed and that, each
may have a safe return home, not
without a reminder, however, that
horse-racing is a species of gambling
which adds nothing to the morals or
the pockets of the visitor.
.- ???in i ? - ? ????
Long Branch, L. I.
The storm which prevailed all
along the Atlantic slope last week
was particularly fearful in its effects
upon this fashionable summer rcsorl.
Every hotel, with but a single exeep
tiau, wa3 damaged more or less by
the violence of the wind and waves.
The track of the New Jersey South
ern Railway between Highland Sta
tion and Sea Bright was entirely
washed away. It is estimated the
dascages will amount to more than
It is reported by cable that Greece
has declared war against Turkey and
that the latter has sett au iron clad
to Athens to take away her repre
sentatives. This looks as if the war
like Greek has been watchiug with
upon? 'fP^Mveakened by a death
struggle with the Russian bear. This
is the opportune time to regain a part
of her ancient glory by annexing to
her limited dominion the territories
of Macedonia, Thessaly and EpiriiF.
Her armies are on the march to occu
py these covetei lauds, where much
of the renown of her classic history
was wou; and Turkish forces are mo
ving to resist the invasion. The
world of literature, both religious and
profane, will look on, but not without
a wish that the mother of philosophers
may regain the scenes made sacred
by the labors and writings of the
Apostle Paul and the learning of
The Bill, which had been under
discussion in the Legislature for some
time, to utilize the convict labor of
the Slate, passed the House on the
5th instanti No measure is calcula
ted to benefit the State more than
this it properly carried out. Instead
of being an item of heavy expense,
and :i consequent burden upon the
tax-payers, the convicts at the peni
tentiary can be made a source of rev
enue to the Slate; and the peniten
tiary, in&lcad of being a fattening
pen for lliieve/, can be made a house
of correction whose influence w ill be
felt in every section of tho State.
Society needs a force which can be
brought to bear upon a certain ele
ment in our population to diminish
crime, by making the criminal atone,
in some direct waj, for the wrong h e
docs. To the average negr.) impris
onment is no punishment but rather
a freedom from the labor he hates ;
couple, however, constant and hard
labor with continued imprisonment,
and a restraining influence is imme
diately brought to bear upon every
one who fears the inevitable punish
ment more than he loves his ease.
Besides being a direct benefit to
the State in tin: way of revenue, this
nica> uro will be of benefit indirectly
to tho whole people by build?ng rail
roads cheaply, over which produce
may bo carried at reasonable rates ;'
by working mines from which fertili
zers might bo sold at prices not ruiu
ous to the farmor; aud by erecting
manufactures, which will furnish re
munerative employment to our hon
est poor and cheap fabrics to homo ]
consumers. The benefit could be ex? j
tended still further if the Senate
would amend tho bill so that its pro- |
visions t-hou'd apply to prisoners in
county jails. This would enable the
County Commissioners to keep our
streets, roads and bridges in good
order without taxing the citizens.
Resignation of Judge Haskell.
At a recent meeting of the State
Democratic Executivo Committee,
hold in Columbia, Hon. A.C. Haskell
tendered his resignation as a m3tu
ber of that body because of his
position of Associate Justice of the
Supicme Court. The people of South
Carolina will ever remember with
feelings of gratitude the invaluable
services of Judgo Haskell during the
memorable campaign of 1876. By
his intrepidity of character, skill in
planning aud promptness in execu
ting, the Democratic party was con
ducted tr uirphnntly and snfely
through the most turbulent, period in
the history of our State. The ability
which conceived the plans and the
firmness which carried them to a suc
cessful issue have been fitly rewarded
by the position he now occupies. If
nobility of character, if purity of mor
als, if a high order of mind and if an
unstained past record constitute a
basis for hope, then do we predict for
Judge Haskell an 1 onorahle career,
not only in his present position but in
any other to which the confidence of
the people may call him.
We stated in last week's review of
the doings of Congress that the Mat
thews Resolutions had passed, which
was simply a declaration Hint the
bonded debt of the United State3 is
pable in silver or gold at the will of
the Government, by a very decided
vote. ? This would seem to indicate
that a similar triumph would meet
the Bland bill on its passage through
the Senate, especially so, after all the
points had been fully discussed by
the House when on its passage
through that body recently. Yet the
Senators, without any regard to the
expenses, are wasting days in going
over the same ground, oblivious of
?V r?ct that after all the bill maybe
destroyed Dy**llie President's veTb.
Whether the remonitizatiou of Silver
will be a panacea for our National
financial ills is a question yet to bo
solved by actual experience. The
causes of these evils are too remotj
to be met by any immedriate remedy.
The measures imtituted to carry on
the war were on so gigantic a scale
as to entail an enormous expense.
To meet this deninud, the Govern
ment introduced an irredeemable
paper system and issued millions of
dollars which had to he bolstered up
by a law suspending specie payment
and demonitizing silver. The fluctu
ations of this curnncy may be the
prime cause of |our money ills, and
any corrective must neccssarilly be
slow and indirect in its action. The
Bland Silver bill can only be such a
Corres ive and like every other
remedy is liable to fail. Ah we look
at tho question the only sure cor
rective is the inauguration of a sys
tem of strict economy in both Na
tional and State affairs, and a spirit
of enterprise on the part of our citi
zens. ?Legislation may aid but can
not force prosperity upon a people.
A determined effort on the part, of
Congress to reduce National expenses,
und a united effort by the State Leg
islature to reduce State expenditures
by a system of rigid economy, will
go far to place our people onco more
on the road to financial independence.
Labor must be freed from the burden
of an unwarranted taxation, and
trade from unjust discriminating
revenue laws, befuro money can be
made uniform in value or prosperity
attend the efforts of our people. Less
Legislation, save in the direction of a
rigid economy, is noedod, Tho sacred
pledges of the Hampton campaign
should remind our Legislators of the
duty of the hour.
The following gentlemeu represent
ed.this county in the Patron of Hus
bandry which was in session during
the first part of this week in Col urn.
bin : Di-3. T. A. Elliott, J. W. Sum
mers, Messrs. D. W. Crook, A. C.
Baxter ;,7. H. Felder.
Orangbburg County S. C.
Editor Oravffeburg Times :
On tho 26th of December last,
some of the ladies and gentlemen of
White Cane Grange No 125, Patrons
of Husbandry, aud others, gave the
people of this 'ommuity an entertain
incut iu the way of Tablaux an 1
v harades. Those in attendance were
delighted. Tho object of the enter
tainment was to raise money in aid of
At the last meeting of the ? Grange,
the following resolutions were un
nnmiously adopted, to wit:
Resolved, That the thanks of White
Cane Grange aro due and are hereby
tendered, to the ladies aud geatleraeu
of the Grange, nnd all other having
participated, for tho pleasing and
entertaining exhibition of Tablaux
and Charades at their hull on the
26th of December last.
Resolved, That the thanks, of said
Orange aro hereby tendered to all
the friends, who assisted in furnshing
the sumptious diuuer on that occa
Resolved, That the above be sent as
a communication to tho Or vngeduro
D. D. Jones.
Secretary ot W. C. G.
Froc eedings of the Legislature.
Columbia, February 2-?In the
House the following bills were passed :
Bill to secure landlords and nthor
persons making advances.
Bill to provide for the preservation
of game and insectinerous birds.
Bill to abolish the pay or witnesses
in State cases. The bill was ably dis
cussed by Messrs. Orr, Memminger
Dibble, Fdcns nnd Buist, and finally
passed with amendment, giviug the
attending witnesses fifty cents per day
and five cents mileage. There was
strong opposition to the bill by most
of the colored members, who did not
seem to relish the idea of cutting
down fees for witnesses. It wni
strongly argued that many witnesses
had no other way of making a living.
The judiciary committee of the
House of Representatives, after a
conference with the Supreme Court,
have determined that the best course
to be pursued, in regard to holding
the court* in the various counties,
where the judges do not attend by
reason of the vacancies it) tho olfice,
is for the clerk of the various courts
to dismiss the juries and witnesses on
Monday morning, with instructions
to re;urn on the following Monday;
and then to open the courts, and ad
journ from day to day, until the fol
fuwfiig- JJt?wJWjy .tn<)?iitsr>, SP fb?i4
judges do not attend, they will ad
journ the courts sine die.
In the Senate, the following hills
passed their second readiug, ami were
ordered to be engrossed for a third :
Bill to authorize the County Com
missioners in the several counties oi
the State to allow the erection of gates
upon the highways of the Slate wher
ever in their judgment the same may
Bill to incorporate the Charleston
Bagging and Manufacturing Co.
The following received their third
reading and were ordered to be rati
Bill to declare the title of the State
in the Columbia Canal aud its appur
A n act to repeal an act to alter and
amend an act entitled an act to revise
nnd simplify and abridge the rules,
practice, pleadings and forms of
courts in this State.
Columbia, February 4. ? Mrs.
Fletcher, from Iowa, whose mother
was a Carolinian, ly invitation ad
dressed the House to-night for an
hour, on the importance of industrial
education for girls that they may be
independent, aud make good houso
wifes. She was practical, impressive
and elegnnt, and wo? listened to with
In the Senate, the following bills
passed their second reading, and were
ordered tu be engrossed for a third :
Bill to protect the crops of planters
and farmers in the hands of mer
chants and factors from attachment
and levy lor debts due by such mer
chants aud factors.
Bill to further provide for tho set
tlement of tho bonds of the State
known as the fire loan bonds,
Bill to authorize and require Urn
County Commissioners of Barnwoli
County to levy a speciivi tax and to
build a courthouse and jail at tho
County sout of said County,
Bill to prevent public officers from
issuiug cheeks, except upon funds ac
tually to their credit, or from paying
Cot.ump'A, February ?.?In the
House, a resolution providing that
the committee of ways and means re
poit a plan i\r the introduction of
technical nnd industrial education
into the common school system in the
Stato as suggested to the General
Assembly by Mrs* Matilda Fletcher.
The following bills passed their
third reading, and were ordered to be
enrolled for ratification :
Bill to incorporate the Southern
Land and Navigation (Company.
Bill to renew the carter of the
Episcopal Female Bible, Prayer
Book and Tract Society of Charleston.
Joint resolution to provide for the
payment of the Commissioners ap
pointed under an Act entitled ''An
Act? to investigate and ascertain the
actual bona fide indebtedness of the
various Counties in this State, aud to
regulate the manner of paying the
Bill to protect the crops of planters
aud farmers in the bauds of mer
chants aud factors from attachment
and levy for debts due by said mer
chants und factors.
Columbia, February 6.?The fol
lowing bills passed third reading:
Bill for the preservation of cerlniu
Bill to reduce and fix the salaries
of certain officers, etc.
Mr. Dibble introduced a concur
rent resolution, that the Joint Investi
gating Committed on Public Lands
be allowed to sit during the hours of
the General Assembly.
Ihe Senate, was opened this morn
ing with prayer by the Rov. Dr.
Mr. Lipscomb introduced a mem
orial from the State Grange, against
the reinnctment of the Inn law.
Message No. 18, from his Excell
ency, the Governor, was received,
informing the Senate that he had
ratified the fol owing acts and joint
An act to repeal an net to alter and
amend an act entitled an act to re
vise, simplify and abridge tho rules,
practice, pleadings und forms o f
courts in this State and relating to
An act to incorporate Edisto
Rifles of Orangeburg.
Tm: Last South bun Outuaoe.?
It is asserted by Radical journals at
the North that the colored race nt
the South are continually opressed
and bull-dosed by the Southern
whites, nnd always will be unless the
army is on hand to compel respect to
their ??rights." Tho ex-President of
?Ute Con fed rates, Mr. Jefferson Davis,
is found endorsing a colored man for
President ol a Southern college over
several candidates. The contest for
rresident of Bryan (Texas) College is
between S. Minor,a Mississippi black,
and graduate of a We* tern college,
aud two white ministers. Minor is
said to be highly recommended as a
scholar by Mr Davis, as well as by
Senator Lnmar. This is the last
Southern "outrage," and perhaps
will receive the attention of Presi
A ?lLVER COM1*ctOMISE.?The
Washington correspondent of tho New
York World writes: "There is no
doubt that every effort is being made
to compromise the silver question on
the basis of the trade dollar of 420
grains. Some of the leading silver
men have informally agreed to this.
Mr. Cameron,of Wiscousiu, presented
an amendment to the silver bill to
this effect in the Senate to-day. Those
of the silver men who expect this say
that it will avoid the coinage of two
separate dollars and furnish a silver
dollar equal to the old Mexican dol
lar, and which will continue to be
used for export purposes. Whether
this compromise will succeed or not
remains to be seen. But leading men
on both sides regard it as very pro
A Sun Francisco dispactch an
nounces a lively demand in the silver
market, coming from the East, and
caused by apprehension of the re
moneti/ntions of that metal. That is
right. The gold men sco thai just as
Boon no the country reasserts the old
dignity of silver, it will go up, and
they may want to welcome it back
full-handed. As to the trade dollsr,
we might bo glad to see it substituted
for the old dollar, if it did not im
mediately get above the par of gold,
and then the brethren might insist on
having their bonds paid in silver only
?which would be a pother trouble.
All kinds of Canned Goods, Brandy
Peaches, Pickles, pnd w)ld Cheap at
In hereby given that the undesigned
trill 6Io their general account as Executors
of Elizabetli Brookbart, with the Judge of
Probate for Orangcburg County, on the 11th
dar of March r.ezt, and ask for letters dis
niissory. T. B. BROOK HART,
l>. B, BROOKHART.
Eebruary 9, 1878.
All persons having Claims against the
Estate of E A I'airey, deceased, will render
them properly aOestrd, and those indebted
will muke puvinent to
'PHILLIP W FA IREY,
feb 2?4t Qualified Executor.
The Undersigned will file bis Final Ac
count ns Administrator of the Estate of
Barbara E Jackson, with Judge of Probate
; on ?th day of March next, and therefrom
ask for letters Dismissory.
L. A. 1RICK,
i feb 2?td Adm'r.
Notice to Creditors.
All persons having demands against the
Estate of Jonah M. Croswcll, deceased will
present the same on or before the lir-t day
of March, 1873, to Augustus T. Smythe,
Esq., at Charleston, S. C, or James E.
Izlar, Esq., at Orangeburg, S. C, and all
persons indebted to said Estate will make
immediate payment to the undersigned.
SUSAN ELLEN CUOSWELL,
feb 2?td Qualified Executrix.
Gin Brancli Academy
FOR BOTU SEXES.
The next .Session will begin on the Mon
day, Jan. 1st, 1878, and Close the last day
of Jtnic, 1S78
Young Men are here given a thorough
Business Education, or prepared for the
Senior Classes of our Leading Colleges.
Young^ Ladies aro prepared for the
Graduating Classes of our Highest Female
The Latin and Greek Pronunciation is
that of the Principal Universities aud Col
leges both of Europe and America.
Discipline mild, but firm. Location
Healthy. Board Cheap.
TUITION PER MONTH:
Primary Scholars.$2 00
Grammar -Scholar?.. 2 ."HJ
Classical Scholars. 3 00
For further information address
P. \V. CORK, Principal.
Orangcburg County, 8 C.
more com m?n
than a bilious
attack ? Who
is not familiar
with the well
p res si on
Spirits, Restlessness, Gloominess of Mind,
Weakness, Dull Headoche, Dirty, Greasy
Appearance of the Skin, Yellow Tinge of
ihe Whites of the Eyes, Loss of Appetite,
and Costivcness. Simmons's Hepatic Com
pound will cure you. Try it..
From James S. Martin, of firm of Martin
A Mood, Grocers, Charleston. S. C:
Charleston; S. c.
I have u?cd "Simmons' Hepatic Com
pound" for the past two years in my family,
.h<ld i\nnsid?* it on.e of tlicln-Ht Pajflyfr Faoi
ily Medicines I have"ever uSH
it to be all that is claimed fori^
j ah. S. Mat
For sale Wholesale and Retail bv
AUSTIN & CO.
DOW 1K ft MOISE,
Proprietors, Charleston, S. C.
For sale bv
l5R. A. C. DU RES,
DR. J. G. WANN'AMAKEU,
PR. A. S. HYDRICK.
ang 11 6m.
N OTIC JE.
OFFICE OF CO. COMMISSIONERS.
January 16th 1878.
Sealed proposals will be received at this
office for the renting of the Poor House
Farm on the old Charleston Road near
Oran^eburg until the 2nd day of Feburary
next, at which time it will be rented to the
highest bidder. Parties desirous of rent
ing will be required to give good security,
the names of whom must be enclosed with
Notice to Contractor**.
The main Arch of Fitz's Bridge near
Branchville will be let out to the Lowest
Bidder, (to be built anew) on the 19th day
of Feburary 1878 at 12 o'clock, nt the
Bridge by the County Commissioners.
By order of the Board.
T. R. MALOS E, Clerk.
jan 25 4t
W. F. ROBINSON,
Respectfully informs the citizens of this
County that he has opened at the Store of
Mr. Webb Bull's prepared to do all kind of
wo: k on
Watches, Clocks and
on the shortest notice. Charges reasonable.
All work warranted to give satisfaction.
Will aloo keep constantly on, hand.
IjUtirirclh'm Garden Heerte
fresh and genuine. Give me a call.
JqJT Pf.rsons having left work with the
late E. Ezekiel will please call immediately
for the sa,tne.
The Stock on hand is ofiercd below cost.
The beat make of Calendar Clocks at $18
oct 20 ly
The undersigned respectfully informs the
Citizens of the Town and Connty that bo is
prepared to do up and make Mattresses on
the shortest notice. Alto will conduct an
Upholgtery business. Prices will be as low
as possible. Qrdera, solicited.
junofj , tf
UR nr 10 lbs for $1 at
(Ihoice Breakfast Strips. 8old low
J down by A. FISCHER.
Cocoa iVu(8 for the County of Orange
burg, Hold Cheap at
Irklcd I'igH Feet rind FuUon Market
Bicf. First of the Season. Sold by
_ A. FISCHER.
A ?MINISTE ATOli'S NaTIOEr
Partie? indebted to Thomas Oleaton
deceased, yill make payment and those
having demands against him will present
them duly at rested to It. 8. Oleaton, E?q.
K. S. OLEATON,
jan 2G 4t
Ah internal remedy, which
eradicates tlie cause of these dis
eases from, the system.
" Carefully prepared from the
prescription of an eminent phy
sician, and universally regarded as
the most reliable, remedy for auch
diseases In the world.
DO WIK MOISE, Agent,
Charleston, S- C.
nov 17 Cm
for l'amptitelt uddrei? Dk. Sahford, NhT Y?*b%
jan 2? ly
OSt Family Flour sold by
Irish Polaloe?, Onions and Apple?.
Sold Cheap by A. FISCHER.
est I,if|?lorn, Scgarn and Tobacco
in town to. A. FISCHER'S.
Ali kinds of Christmas \Joou* can uu
found at A. FISCHER'S.
chI IIlo Coffee ?.t
That large and commodious Brick Store,
formerly occupied by Mr. C. H. Jones.
For terms r.pplv to
MRS. M. E. MCXAMARA*
aug 11 It
DK. 1$. F. MIICKENFUSS
Dentist Boom? over Srore of Mr. Oco~ H?
J?y- Charges Reasonable.
I") niS)inS> Laver*, Boxes awl Quar
^urranlH, Almonds, Gelatine?
^iltron, Pecans* liroma.
Chocolate* Oranges, Apples?
nee Ufert?? in Buckets and by the
Bnrnl Almonds, Marsh Bffal
Cocoa Strips, Jelly Work,
Clhoice Family Floar?
rushed, Powdered, A and bellow
ohn A. Hamilton,
Next to Oeo. H. Cornelson's.
Sample Bottles 10 cents.
Hon. Alex. H. Stephens.
Hon. James M. Smith, Ex-Gov. ofGa.
Hon. Jo-cph E. Brown, Ex-Oov. of Ga.
Hon. Robert Toomhs.
See circular around Sample Bottle, &
A.C. DUKES, M *?.
ME RR ELL'S KEPATINE
for the Liver, 10 cents, at _
A. C. D?KE?, M.D
Regular size bottle, $1.
A Sure Cure for JJispepsia, Indigestion?
and Liver Complaint,
cot 20 My..
~\\T arrantcd Hams only 12J| cts.
W per lb. Sold by
_ A. PI8CHEB1
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Orangeburg, S? 0J?
Ifta?- Office in'rear of Masonic Hall.
March 3 -