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^SATURDAY, MARCH 0, 1878.
The Public Debt
The discussion in the Geh ( nil As
sembly on the settleuiriiL of t!i ? pub
lic debt, as provided for by tho con
solidation act of '73 bus been going
ou from dny to-day for more than a
week to the exclusion of every other
matter beside mere rot i lie business;
but. late advices seem t?? indicate that
a crisis in the discussion is reached,
and perhaps before wo go to press a
vote will have been taken which will
decide the question either one way or
the other. Tho consolidation a si
provides for the funding of $11.301,
091 at a discount of 50 cents on the
dollar. When this shall h ive !??? u
done as the act provide?, the public
debt will amount to $?,GS2,015. [f
we abrogate the consolidation act,
the ante and tst bellum 1 einocratie
debt will amount alone to 010,-132,
000; to this amount must be added
$5,83-1,000 of bonds issued since ISC8
considered as valid by both parlies.
This will foot up the entire and enor
mous debt of $10.204,000 to be paid
by taxation in a long set ies of years.
These figures therefore pr >ve that the
State bad belter stand by the consult
dation act, even though il be a Radi
cal offspring, and save the people a
debt of about $S,000,000 without
interest, or 10,500,000 with interest
Beside Ibe above, the Democratic
parly through its authorized agents
pledged itself from time to lime to
sustain the settlement tus provided fo r
by tbo consolidation act, and to reject
it now is a sacrifice of faith which
the party can ill afford to make, even
though it has control of the govern
ment. Our success as a party depend s
upon keeping the pledges made in
our season of distress inviolably.
^^^MTwilT rise"it \vi
In our last issue we published the
instructions of the Stale Democratic
Executive Committee to the County
Chairmaus, and accompaning them,
a circular to the local clubs by Gen.
James F. Izlar.
To-day we would impress upon
our citizens the necessity of imme
diate and complete organization of
tho Democrats in every portion of
the county and a I borough preparation
at every point, in order that the par
ty may enter upon llio coining cam
paign with spirit and with every
hope of success. The necessity
such a course is more imperative now
than at any period of our history
since the war : before, tin: burden of
repeated failures depressed the spir
its of our people and caused them to
adopt a policy of almost criminal in
activity. It was thought that our
state despoiled of her property, do
prived of hor equal rights; and with
many of her best citizens proscribed,
had not tho elements of power snfii
cient to make a successful resistance
against the measures she knew to be
unconstitutional,or against the un
reasonable demands of the paity in
control of the government. fOncour
aged by this seemingly de
termined policy on the pari
of our people, tho ruling party
effected the most radical changes in
the organic law of the land?changes
that came near wiping out every
landmark of our former l iberty und
revolutionising the govern tuen t guar
anteed by tho constitution. .So far
bad these usurpations of power ob
tnincd, that the last was: Uncrowning
act of tho Republican party: The
Supreme Court, deprived of its legiti
prcrogative under the constitution,
was made to give only such deci
sions and to maintain only Hindi
views as the 'revolutionist might, bo
people, and ii this policy of cbaiigo
and revolution characterize tho party
in control of national and state
affairs, there will bo virtually a com
plcte destruction of trio constitution
and overthrow of the government.
Judging from the analogy of simi
lar cases in the history of nations, the
success of such a political principle
will result in a disintcrgation like
that of the ancient republic, or the
establishment of a Legislative Direc
tory similar to that of France on the
advent of Nupolion, which will be as
disastrous to cpublican liberty in
America in that was in IT ranee* In
stead ofau institutional and co-oper
ative govcrntu at wo will have :i
centralism as despotic as the litis
sian; or instead of a rule with cti'i
stitutional checks ami guarantees we
will have that ofau inarticulate au 1
irresponsible majority. in cithor
case American liberty as a distinct'vo
feature in politics will be destroyed.
Such then is the imperative necessi
ty which calls us to organize and to
prepare lor the future. Our case
now, in legal phrase, is a goo:l one.
We hvao control Oftho state govern
meat, ami the national policy cannot,
be considered as inimical to
pure Demoracy. Our truly great
statesmen both N >rth and So nth
st em :it last to have comprehended j
the position of a Hairs and are making
every e?brt to adjust the political !
dillictilties and to restore peace and
prosperity to the country. Indeed
the present indication-, in both sec
lions of the country, arc (littering
beyond cur expectations, a.nd with
the exercise of a little judgment and
the display ? f a little magnanimity
we may expect these indications,
already so satisfactory, to yield re
sulis of the first importance to the
con til ry.
One of the grandest prerogatives
thai belongs to the Deui iCftl'ic party
as a political agency, is to retain the
balance of power and by the purity
ofcondnet which characterized its
statesmen in the past, ami the honesty
ol* its officials; to arrest the progress
of one of the most gigant ic political
revolutions that ever threatened the
overthrow of a government; to wipe
out the record of the basest perjury
ever known in the history of govern
ment officials; and to snatch from the
.-?ess pools of political corruption our
American liberty and transmit \i
pure and untarnished to the children
who are to live after us.
Dot the Democracy of Orungeburg
ari.-e in its might and prepare for the
emergency ..soon to be upon it. To
perpetuate our principles is Certainly
'tirvrortie worx, ami, r?jstingexeTI.31veiy
upon the Democrats as it does, it is a
trust with which they cannot and
dare not trifle. *
Russia and Turkey.
Th C last news from the East indi
cate that the terms of peace between
Russia and Turkey have been settled
and is to be ratified within fifteen
days. The indemni'y to be paid
Russia is fixed at 1,410,000,000
roubles, of which amount 1,100,000,.
000 are to be paid by territorial
cessions. Asiatic Turkey will be
evacuated by Russian forces in six
months and I'mronoan Turkey within
three months. By the treaty the
Ottoman Empire will be greatly
weakened in resources and limited in
territory, and the Russian proportion
ately increased, giving the latter per
haps a controling influence among
the nations of Europe.
Honesty vcisus Dishonesty.
Wc are creditably informed that I
Mr. Copes, our worthy County
Treasurer, has collected $S,000 dol
lars more than the duplicate books
for which he gave his receipt, called
lor. This amount has been paid into
the Slate Treasury, and will probably
be placed to the credit of Orangeburg
Quctiry: Honesty paid over this
large surplus to .ho proper officials
without appropriating it to his own
individual use; what did Dishonesty
do with the same large, surplus a few
years ago ? What 5f
I ro.MM i:nicatki>.]
OlIANGKItUUG, S. ('.,
March 5th 1^7-S.
Fili Hi' ( rttngihurif Time* :
Von arc on the right track, Mr.
bai lor, in giving the farinors of the
County a showing. You are not for
hiding their light under a bushel.
Your report of the proceedings of the
Ornngeburg Agricultural Society at
their last meeting, is interesting and
but also to outsit tuts, i ue?u uiv
missions are valuable and give to all
though fill farmers food for reflection.
It gives thorn valuable, hints which
may h ad to important improvements
on the farm.
1 sec it was stated that certain
laud.-, which had been planted in
corn for several successive yeai_ and
manured highly with cotton seed,
failed to produce the cow pea, and the
question was asked why was it so?
Was it occasioned by the cotton see 1
as a manure, and what is tho remedy?
1 know n practual farmer who has
lWD fields lying alongside each other
only separated by a running branch.
One field produces peas luxurautly,
whilst the other is a complete fail uro.
Now there must be in those fields a
deficiency of some of tho elements of
plant food, necessary for tho healthy
growth of the pea, and I believe that
deficiency to be phosphoric acid,
and wo. Id advise the gentlemen,
owning those lands, to try the follow
ing experiment, viz: Break up an
acre, lay it off in three feet rows,
manure in the furrow hall'an acre
with 100 lbs. of acid p'iosphato, and
one halt acre with 200 lbs. of ash ,
element as prepared at tho Atlantic
Works, and plant the speckled or
shinncy pea LS inches apart on tbo
bed about f:ve peas in the hill. If
lay judgment docs not deceive me the
acre planted will yield peas enough
to pay expenses and leave the laud
in much better condition lor j
futtP'O crops, provided the vines are
left to decay on the land.
Try it gentlemen and let the result,
be known next fall through the
columns of the T;MKS, and yeu will
oblige many iV.riners.
CoT.UMnra. February 27.?The fol
I lowing acts were ratified :
An ant to n mend the law relating
to the drawing of juries.
An act to apportion the taxes on
property transferred subsequent to
An net to amend the fence law.
An act in relation to forfeited
hinds, and redemption for the same.
An act to declare the powers ami
duties of criminal judges without the
circuit in which they reside.
An act toptovide payment for com
missioners appointed to investigate
the bona lit le indebtedness of the var
ious counties of.the Mate.
An uo. to j ire vent fishing with nots
in fiesh water streams during certain
seasons of the year.
f" An ?icT"**oi aiuuiUl mi nut iTrlflxffffi
the convict labor of tho State.
An act to regulate tho mod;; of con
ducting capital punishment.
CoLL'MitiA, March b\?In the
House, a bill, to authorize the .State
Treasurer to pay certain sums ?lue to
the teachers of the State Normal
School; (appropriation, 8018).
The Senate devoted most of its
time this morning to the consideration
of the third reading of bills. The
following passed, and were ordered to
be enrolled fot? ratification :
Bill (House) to amend Section 12
Chapter XXIII, Tille VII, of the
General Statutes, relating to sureties
on official bonds.
Bill (House) to alter an 1 amend,
the school low of South Carolina.
Bill (House) to amend an act en -
titled "An Act to establish uniformi
ty in the sessions of the Circuit
Bill to rccharlev the South Caro
lina Medical Association and to estab
lish a Slate Board of Health ami to
define itH duties.
Chief Justice Willard issued orders
to-day for extra terms of court in
suc h counties as lost their regular
session by the vacancies in the circuit
After the recess in the Senat e to
day the vote ofthat body on the bond
question was polled and ascertained
to be fifteen for the consolidation and
seventeen for adopting the report of
the bond commission.
A Stolen State ?
Kx-Governor Moses tells the New
York tSun that the Board of State
Canvassers "counted out" tbo Til len
1?lectors in South Carolina, and
"counted inM the Hayes Electors.
And, of course, the JSiin believes
Moses, for be is a correspondent after
its own heart.
It is quite likely that if the fraudu
lent Republican votes in the low
country were deducted, the returns if
the election of 1870 would show a
majority of several thousand votes for
tou >.... ic Democratic State ticket,
and a somewhat smaller majority for
the Tilden Electors. But wo have
overy reason to believe that, on th o
face of the returns as submitted to the
Statt; Convassers, tlio Hayes Electors
were elected. Ko counting in was
necessary. It is :i well known fact
that Governor Hampton ran far
ahead ol his ticket The returns, as
Opened nod published in tho Wallace
House, show a majority of 1,13-1 for
Hampton for Governor, and of only
139 for Simpson for Lieutenant?
Governor. A If nycs-aud-Hampton
ticket, containing the names of the
Republican Elector.) and the Demo
cratic candidates for Stale "Hi eers,
was voted; so also was a ticket with
Hampton as the candidate I'orGovor
nor, without the other Democratic
candidates. Taking into account
these tickets and the exceptional
popularity of Governor Hampton, it
is safe to assume that,on the .ace of
tha returns, tho Tilden Electors wero
not elected. Louisiana and Florida
prere stolen; South Carolina was not.
A Banktupt Commonwealth.
Ohl Virginia without M itey In Meet an
Richmond, Va., Marth 5.?The
auditor of public accounts to-day
reported to the joint committee on
finance of the General Assembly that
the financial condition of the Com.
monwcalth was truly deplorable; thai
no money was being received for
taxes, all payments being made in
coupons, which were at 30 per cent,
discount. The auditor states thai
there is bul ?103 in the treasury, and
that n nc could be borrowed nor col
lected, and that he can run tho State
Government not an hour longer. The
asylums were behind even on the
support account. He had no means
of paying the per diem of members,
and there was $170,000 no.v due to
banks, and they refuse further loan.-.
- ? -o- ? m ? -
Headquarters of tin* State - camera! ic
Kxccuti e ('omuiiHcc.
Columbia, S. C. Feb., 1878.
To ./'I*. /''. Izlar, Qualify Chairman :
At a meeting of the State De n i
tratie lCxccutivj Committee ofSuilh
Caro'ina, held in this city on tho 8th
inatnut, the following rose uti .vore.
licsoked, flint the State Executive
Committee of the Democratic party
of South Carolina ruc.c.om neu H an
immediate reorganization of iho
same in view <>i the campaign uf 187*3
and that County Conventions bo call
ed as soon as practicable it* the sever
1 atMipituJics to elect oiii sort tj? jsj.rv ?
tor th.; noxt twti years.
j In pursuance of the foregoing reso
lution, the Executive Committee di -
rects nlten'iton i > so much of the
Constitution of the pirfy, ml iptod by
the State Cocvcution in August, 1S70
as refers to the county organizations,
as follows :
j AltTICl.E 1. There shall be one
or im>re Democratic clubs organized
in each election precinct, each of
which tdubs .-hail have a distinct ti
lie, 'The-Democratic 'dub;"
and shall elect a President, one or
more Vice Presidents, a Recording
and a Corresponding Secretary, ami
a Treasurer, and shall have the fol
lowing working crinmiitccs, of not
less than three members each, viz:
A Committee on Registration, an
Executive Committee, and such othot
Committees as to each club may seem
j A in*. 2. The meeting of the clu b
should be frequent, after the opening
of the canvass, ami some member of
the club or invited speaker deliver
an address at each meeting, if practi
Akt. 3. The President shall have
power to call an extra meeting of
tho club, and - members of the
club shall constitute a quorum for the
transaction of business.
Akt. 4. The clubs in each county
shall bcluhl together and operate
[ under the control of a County Execu
tive Committee, w hich shall consist of
one member from caee club, to be
nominated by the respective- clubs
and elected by tho County Conven
tion, and such other members as the
ct> nvention may add.
The Executive Committee, when
elected, shall appoint its own oflicc rs
and fill all vacancies which may
arise whon the convention is not in
session. The tenure ofotlico of the
Executive Committee shall be until
the next general campaign, unless
sooner removed or suspended by the
The present County Executive
Committee shall continue in ollicc un
til the first meeting of the County
Conventions under this organization.
Akt. 5. County Democrat c Con
ventions shall be composed of dele
gates elected by the several local
clubs?one delegate for every club,
and an additional delegate lor every
twenty-live enrolled members ?with
the right to each County Convention
to enlarge or diminish the representa
tion accordiug to circumstances.
This conventi on shall be called to
gether by tho Chairman of tin* Exeou
cutiyo committee, under such rules
Iis each county may adopt, aud whcii
assembled, s-lmll bo called to order by
the Chairman of tho Executive Com
mittee; and slmll proceed to o'eet
from among its members a, President,
one or more Vice Presidents, a Score
tary and Treasurer The conven
tiotl shall proceed to business, and
when the same is transacted it shall
adjourn sine die.
Akt. ?. The mode and manner of
nominating candidates for county
offices or for delegates to the State,
?Judicial and Congressional Conven
lions shall be regulated in each coun
ty by the respective Covinty Conven
In this connection, the State Kxo
eulive Committee make3 the follow
Under Article 1, where local clubs
of the last campaign ttre in oxi.->ten"e,
that they be reorganized by the olec
lion of officers to serve the ensuing
two years, an 1 as many additional
clubs formed as may bo deemed cs
sential to the success of the party.
Also, tha! the committee on llegistra
lion forthwith make a complete reg
istration of all voters, classify ing them
as while and black, Democrat and
Under Article 4, that the County
Executive Committee consist of the
County Chairman and Presidents of
the Local Clubs.
[Inder Article 5. that the county
chairman be ex officio chairman of
the county executive committee and j
of all county conventions,
Under Article (5, that the system of
primary elections by ballott I?; adop
t ed sis the mode of nominating can
didatcs for county officers a id mein
hers ol the General Assembly. While
the principle of primary elections
should be at onco announced, ir is the
decided judgment of the State Execu -
live Committee that the nominations
by primary elections should not tttke
place until a later period in tho cam
[align, ami in regard to which further
reccommcudatious will be male
hereafter as to the details for c in hie
ling the .-aid elections.
When the county convention j have
elected olliccrs, the now county chair
man will at once report to the secre
tary of the State executive; commit
tee, giving the names and post oflioo
address of thcofHoera chosen,togeth
er with the n unes an 1 post offices of
I be presidents of the local clubs, and
the number and member bin of the
John 1 >. K knni:i>y ,
.1 oiks A. llovr, Secretary.
Uttums of I'm1 De.moeratic Kxeentive
OuAXor.nuud ( Jounty,
February '2'.', 1t>78.
Circular A'?. 1. ?
1. In pursuance of instructions
from the State Democratic ICxoctitivo
Committee, herewith transmitted,
local Democrat ic Clubs of the last
compaigu with their alliii ited c dorc I
Clubs, will meet on the Kith lay of
March, A. 1)., 1878, and proceed to
reorganize, by electing Olliccrs und
Committees to serve i'.r the next
2. A County Convention of tho
Democratic Party of Orangeburg
Count) is hereby called by a resolu
tion of the County Democratic Exe
cutive Committee of the Party to
meet at Uran geh urg C. II., South
Carolina, on Saturday, the 28rd day
of March, A. D , 1878, at 12 o'clock,
M., for the purpose of electing a
County Chairman, and an Executive
Committee, and other officers, to serve
for the next two years, as well as to
take such other action as may be
deemed proper for the good of the
3. Representation in this Conven
tion will be one Delegate for each
club, and one additional delegate lor
every twenty-live )(25) enrol led mem
bers. Fractions over twenty-five will
not be entitled to representation.
4. The nomination of party candi
dates will* take place later in tho
5. As soon as each club is reorgani
zed the President w ill forward to Mr.
F.A. Schillloy, Secretary of the county
Democratic Exccutivo .Committee, at
Orangeburg, S. C.,n list of all officers
and committees, with their Post Office
address, ami the number of members
enrolled. Ho will also supervise and
forward a similar report from his affili
ated colored club.
(J. Every effort should bo made to
have as large a turn out of the mem
bers of the several and respective
clubs, on the day fixed for reorganiza
tion as possible, and to have every
Democratic voter in tho precinct not
heretof ore cnrollod, a member of the
precinct club before that day.
' 7. All clubs that have been orgaui
zed since the last campaign, or which
may be organized before the lGth day
of March, A. D., 1878, will report the
fact with namos^of officers,, post oflico
a dress, and membership, promptly to
the Secretary of the county Democra
tic Executive committee at Orange
burg, S. C.
JAMES P. IZLAR,
Chairman 'Democratic Ex. Coin.
V. A. SCIIIFFLEY, Secretary.
KOTIGE TO HOLDERS OF
On nnd alter Monday March 11th 1878,
in accortlmicc with the Act of Assembly
No. Ki"). approved March 3rd 1874, I will
pay in full all School Claims for services
rendered prior to November 1st 1972, that
arc reported to me by the,County School
Commissioner aa unpaid.
Treasurer O. C.
w. W. Sellers,
Ma it ion, S. C. Dee. 22, 1877.
Jllfjurs. A, F. Merril A- Co., Philadelphia,Pa.:
Gentlemen?Some three years ago I vrna
taken with something like asthma. Tlieat
taeks at first came at night, nnd whil.it
asleep. It would awake me, and I would
have to get up and sit np till it would wear
oil'. These attacks became more nnd more
. ....... i :_.i_i ?_
llt-tplvui, ilIKi ii? ...>.->..? niwiv. ii.C.TZ SR
violence until the springof 187?>, when they
became alarming. 1 had to sit up most of
the nights, could not breathe in any other
position, and not in a Hitting posi.ion with
out very paitiful ditliculty. It was attended
with very had c ough. Thee.t pectorations
wen- of a while frothy character nnd very
tough 1 became very weak and feeble.
My physich'n did what he could, but to lit
tle purpose. If be knew what ai ctl ine, he
kept it concealed from me. I, however, wait
satisfied thai the dread disease of conMiiip**
lion wa- fasl Belting in upon my lungs"
Providentially 1 saw the reconiim-ndnt'on
of the lion. Alex.JH. SiepMcrwof tfieOI?ba
F.ower Syrup, ami having known him fur
years, and also of his physical infirmities, ?
determined to make a irial of the Syrup. I
bought a buttle and commenced taking it a*
per direction.*. 1 felt a sensation of re'irf
after the first tlttse (taken at night.) bill bad
to gel up 1? fine day ami sit up its usual. I
rotitini ctl to take through the next day m
diiecteil and ai night before retiring. 1
have not Ii id id get up since- 1 continued
to :ake it regularly until I took three bat
tle*. The trough gradually subsided,
brk tiHrtvp, tan-nnie cfcnr ami easy / ?hU - flu* ????
twelvemonths I have been in perfect health
- no eo'ngh, no nsllouotic iilicction, and I
cheerfully altribtite my cur? tu the ma of
the (ilobe l'n.wer Spmp, and would recou**
mend it lo all similarly ntiUcied. Mr
ofiieial mitl professio, nl hdrors uro pnrtiuu
larly straining to the lung*, but 1 am per
fectly sound and well, and have no setup
loins of any lung disease. 1 keep somu ??f
tip- Syrup on hand, and perhaps onco a
month lake a dose of it, which I thiuk
keep- the lungs vigorous and healthy.
I have '.ecu thinking for aoine time that
I won .I add my testimony to the virtue* of
the Globe Flower Syrup, end now take oc
casion to do so; and if you can tnaku auy
use of tlu- above so as to benefit the suffer
ing everywhere, you are at liberty to do so.
w. \V. SELLERS,
Solicitor 1th Judicial Circuit iu 8. O.
Ca lobe Flcwer C'eii?fa Nyrttp.
Kor sale b/
mar i) * A. C. DUKES, M. D.
The undersigned hereby gvies notice
that he will file his final account, aa
Guardian of Mary M. Rilcy, with the Judge
of Probate for Orangeburg County on tho
first day of April next and ask for lettors
JAMES M MOSS.
March 2nd 1S78.
Office of School Commissioner.
? Orangeburg S. C. Feb. 18th, 1878.
Notice is hereby given to the Board of
Trustees of the various School Districts,
that you are strictly warned to close your
schools tut soon as the money apportioned to
your Districts are expended, And be very
careful not overate it because if you do, It
can not be tilled here
School Cominis ?ioner.
fob 23 _St?
W. F. ItOBINSON,
Respectfully informs the citizens of this
County that be bos opened at the Store ef
Mr. Webb Bull's prepared to do all kiud of
Watches, Clocks and
on the shortest notice. Charges reasonable.
AH work warranted to give satisfaction.
Will also keep constantly on.hand
Luudreth'g Garden Seeds*
fresh and genuine. Give mo a call.
?fc?y Persons having left work with tfc?
late B. K/.ekiel will please call immediately
for tho same.
The Stock on hand is offered bcTow cost.
The best mako of Calendar Clocks at $18
oct 20 If
est Family Flour sold by
IrlHli Potatoes, Onions and Aoplco.
Sold Cheap by A. FISCHER.