TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM, y
ALWAYS IN ADVANCE
VOLUME V SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 16, 1878. NUMBER 5 /
DeTreville & Heyward
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS
Oraiiffcbnrg C If., S. C.
Will practice in ihe various Courts
\f. J. DcTroville, James S- lleywaru
W. B. TRE AD WEL L
Will attend to patients at their residents
either in Town or Country. Address
through Post Office or'call on me at resi
dent Concr Kussel and Treathvcll Streets.
Prompt, attention will be given and satis
W. B. TRKA1)WELL.
nov 3 Iv
Knowlton & Wannauiaker,
COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
Oruiigcburt? C II., S. C
Aug. B. Knowlton, P. M. WaiinamakuT,
Orangeburg C. II. St. Matthews,
may 5 1877 tf
(Russell St. Opposite llarloy'.s Corner.)
All manner of Smith work and Horse
shoeing properly done.
Fancy Send 1 work. Hailing for Grave
Lot?. A trial Solicited.
pept 1 tf.
Is tho m?gt ifonlal bnlHam ever imul hy
sufferers from pulmonary dlscason. O
It 1b cumpoxed of horhal products, which
riavo a speclflo effect on tho throat anil
udca; detaches from tho air colls oil Ir
ritating: matter; causes it. to ho expecto
rated, and nt once check* tho Inflammation
which produces tho coujfh. A olnirle doso
relieves tho most distressing paroxysm,
soothes n?u ?.?;i?iiosb. nru' enables tho ml -
iVr.-i- to en j..- ciulct rest ut nii: in . Moinj; a
_ yli-nnimt rordfal. It louos tho weak stom
?doH'.* ?rtt " ^slr*ttlhr~*^cs}iii2x<^sad, ft.'r .
What others say about
? TutVs Expectorant*
Had Asthma Thirty Years.
HaltimORB, February 3, 1875.
- *I havo had Asthma thirty years, and never iound
? medicine that had such a hapnv eflect."
W. F. HOGAN, Charlei St
A Child's Idea of Merit.
Niw Oulkans, ffovtmber ii, 1876.
??Tutt'sExpectorant is a familiar name in my house.
V>ly wife thinks it ths best medicine in the world,
end the children say it Is 'nicer than molasses
candy.'" NOAH WOODWARD, 101 N. Poydrss St.
"Six, and all Croupy."
?'I am the mother of six children ; all of tllemhavo
been croupy. Without Tutt's Kxpectorant, 1 don't
think they could have survived some of the attacks.
It U a niolhor's blessing."
MARY STEVENS, Frankfort, Ky.
A Doctor's Advice.
V In my practice, I advise all families to keep Tut l's
Expectorant, in sudden emergencies, for coughs,
caoup, diphtheria, etc."
T. P. ELLIS, M.D., Nowsrk, N.J.
Chta by all druggists. Frlce $1.OO. Offlc*
36 Murray Street, JVeto York.
"THE TREE IS KNOWN BY ITS FRUIT.
MTutt'sPilIs are worth their wricht in pnld."
REV. I. R. SIMPSON, Louisville, Ky.
41 Tutt's Pills are a special hlrsiini? of the nine
ttcnthccntury."-REV. F. R. OSGOOD, Now York.
"I have used Tutt's Pius for torpor of the liver.
They ara superior to any medicine lor biliary dis
orders ever made."
I. P. CARR, Attorney at Law, Augusts, Qs.
MI have used Tutt's Pills five years in my family.
They arc uncounted forcnitivencss and biliousness."
F. R. WILSON, Qoornotown, Texas.
"I hsve used Tutt's Medicine with Jjreat benefit.1'
W. W. MANN, Editor Mobile Register.
"We sell fifty boxes Tutt's Pills to five of all
ethers."?SAYRE & CO.^Cartorsvillo, Gs.
"Tutt's Pills have only"t?" be tried to establish
their merits. They work like mnRic."
W. H. BAR RON, 08 8ummar St., Boston.
11 There is no medicine so well adapted to the cure
?f bilious disorders as Tutt's Pills."
J08. BRUMMEL, Richmond, Virginia.
AND A THOUSAND MORE.
Bold by druggists. US cents a box*. Office
86 Murray Street, Jfew York.
TUTTS HAIR DYE
? FROM THE PACIFIC JOURNAL,
. , -A OR It AT INVENTION
has been made by IJit. TUTT, of New York,
which restores youthful licnuty to the hair.
That eminent chemist has succeeded in
producing a Hair Dye which Imitates
nature to perfection. Old basticlors may
now rejoice." q
Price 01-00. Office 36 Murray St.,
Jfew York. Sold by all druggists.
iviay 6 1*77
TTOll S A r/E.
A house and lot at Jnmiaon'a Turn Out
bounded on the. Mast liy the 8. C. Rail
Road' WiHhe sold cheap. Apply to
MKS. II. M. A NEUE WS.
aug 11 tf.
Stllll* l?l*01lt sold Low Down
by A- FISCHER.
The Chufn or Earth Almond.
[tUBLISIIED BY REQUEST.]
The analysis of tin's plant and its
practical use for a cries of years
establishes conclusively its great
value as n field crop, and none other
known in husbandry cut)surpass it as
an auxiliary to the great grain crop
of this country It is extensively used
by the Spaniards as food both for man
and animals, und will be as profitably
employed in this country, when its
value becomes known and apprecia
ted. The fibers, when pounded into
a paste and mixed with water, make
a remarkable emulsion, resembles
milk in appearance, and, wh? n strain
ed, the fat rises to the surface and
looks like cream. 1 his emulsion,
when prepared and sweet nod to the
taste, is a most nutritive ingredient,
and may be used as a valuable substi
tute for milk?ihe remaining oako
lorming a rich, nutritive food for all
ri he cultivation of theCh?fais the
same as cotton or corn, and may be
planted at the .-a me time and grown
between the rows of the latter crop,
like the ground or field pea. The
largest yield, however, is realized by
planting the crop to it self upon thron I
foot beds, as lor cotton?dropping one
or two tubers twenty inches apart on
the bed, and covered with the foot, or
cotton board; or the crop may be plan !
ted on checks two feet nine inch es
square, with one or two seeds to the
hill, covered with foot or hoe, and
cultivated entirely with the sweep, '
running two furrows each way at the
same time. Oue bushel of tubers will
plant from five to tenacrcs. The
harvest is easy and expeditious?a
thrust with a manure fork on opposite
sides of the hill and thrown up, pre
sents a qua it to a halt gallon of tub
ers the size of a post 01 white oak
acorn, and may be gathered from one
to two bushels per day to the bund.
When haTve'ste^l for inarket,tlioTi 1
bera must be well washed und dried
in the sun, or spread on a floor and not
hulked, as heat or fcrinentution will
inj urc them. The seed are better for
planting, taken fresh from the field i n
spring; after remaining all wiuter in
The Chufais a plant of more vitali
ty and can be transplanted in any
stage of its growth with more facility
than any garden or field crop, to the
missing spaces which are "few and far
between," and is far more reliable and
productive, requiring less labor in
cultivation, maturing in one-hnlf the
time of the potatoe or ground pea,
and yields three times as much per
acre. It luxuriates upon all poor or
silich'us soils, endures the most in
tense drowthb, never wiltcring under
burning sun, its deep green leaves re
sembling a luxuriant field of rice, al
ways presenting a cheerful promise,
and never failing to return the reward
of a full fruition when the cultivation
has been generous and complete.
During the most Intal seasons we
have ever experienced upon a field on
which every other specks of crops
have rusted and "dried up" during
the first days of dry weather in May
or June, and from which Wehavouot
gathered, without its spcci/i'S vimntre
live, bushels of corn, nor three htm I
red pounds of seed cotton per acre in
thirty years, an average of eighty two
bushels of tubers per acre have bet n
obtained. Other planters have repor
ted over two hundred bushels per acre
on a more goner- us -oil. What plant
known to th? enlightened husband*
man will yield >o much nutritive food
per acre for the same labor? None
of which we are informed ! How
much happier the present condition
and future prospect of the country,
had this crop been grown extensively
for the past five years. Dot the hun
ger and scarcity now presenting such
heart-rending results answer the short
coming* of a misguided economy.
The comparative value of tho Chufn,
with oilier auxiliary crops for feeding
and raising swine, is conclusive to all
practical and experienced breeders,
being ready for feeding in July and
August, when other auxiliaries are
struggling with most effort for maturi
The nursing sow when mined in
autumn upon the potutoc, ground or |
field pea, ta/ccs on fat rapi lly, milk
dries uj>, ofh-pi ing dwindles and per
ishes for its natural aliment. Tho ro
suit of this stimulated conditiou of
the "sow is known to all practical
breeders. Not so when feeding upon
the Chufh; hoth sow und pig find in
the tubers those iugre lieiits s > es
sentially united for the life-giving
secretion of the dam, and the rap id
development of the offspring; no vo.ro
table food is so much relished by wild
and domestic fowls nor contributes so
much in savory flesh to the inmates
of the poultry yard.
All practical breeders of swine con
cur that the most trying period with
this animal are the months of'Febru
ary und March?after surfeiting al I
winter from gleaning the Heids, his
condition becomes deranged and re
quires an alterative by a change of
food; without it, he sickens, nausea
tes spul sleeps, and repeats the same
symptoms from day to day until di
sense terminates Iii? fate. Kolbing
iu the form of vegetable food can be
presented him more acceptable at this
season than a reserved field of earth
Even with the above facts as de
veloped by the analysis of this plant,
agriculturists who pass currently as
intelligences in their vocation, are to
be found who doubt and dread some
goblin damned may haunt their fields
and render "nut and Hermuda grass"
as a plea lor the want of''hog and
hominy," not realizing the truth that
these enemies can be extirpated by
marshaling this crop and hog upon
the same lieid. When reason aud ex
perience prevail, a more enlightened
economy will congratulate the coun
try upon the acquisition of one of the
most valuable crops known to civi
The Fence Law.
KY nON. D. r. CRAYTON.
Progress and improvement is tho
order of the day. We see it at every
turn. We neither sow or reap as our
fathers did. (.'hange is secu iu every
thing save the fencing arouud our
fields. This alone is practiced as it
was 200 years ag<?, and there is no
change that has been made by an
agricultural people where change is
h) imperatively demanded and ao
easily pointed out. To state it would
seem to be all that were necessary; to
argue it, would only be to confound.
The proposed change in the fence law
consists in this, and this only?fence
or enclose stock and turn out crop?.
The arable or cultivated lands is
about ten times as great as is necess
ary for pasture My observation is
that one acre is sufficient for each
head oi cattle, and that hogs pay best
when confined in small pens. I find,
h\ the returns in the Auditor's office
of this county, that the average farm
is forty acres. Ibis is just ten times
as much as is necessary f? r the pas
ture, as no farm of that size should
keep more than four head of cattle.
Assuming these returns to be cor
rect, and to enclose the farms of the
couutrx in ton acre, fields, which I
believe is above the average size, it
would require, estimating rails at$l
per hundred, near 8-100,000 to pay for
the fencing of this county. I believe
it is generally conceded that ten per
cent, annually is required to keep
them in repair. Think of this?810,
000 annually spent in repairing fen
ces; a sum sufficient to pay our Stato
and county taxes. If so, can farmers
prosper under such management?
Prudence and economy cry aloud for
the change. With our forest lauds
reduced more than three-fourths in
forty years, and our population in
creased five-fold in tho same timo, how
long will it requite, at this rate, to
destroy the balanco of tho timbor ? I
think we should leave aome to pos
terity?at least enough to show tho
kind of timber that formerly grow iii
It is argued by some that tb is
change in the fence law is demandod
alone -by the largo land owners. I
contend that the reverse is true. A
prudent man, with a tract of fifty
acres, will retain o.ic half in forest,
whilst a tract of 100 acres will rcquiro
one-third. A tract of 1,000 can bo
kept up with 100 acres, or ten per
cent. As you will readily perccivo,
the larger tho fields?tho smaller
number of rails per acre will be re
quired to enclose them. This being
the case, the poor man, on fifty acres,
has one-half locked up or dead capi
tal; 'he middle man on his 100acres
has but one-third non-productive,
and the party with 1,000 can bring
all into cultivation but 100?thus re
serving but ten per cent.
It may be urged that tho change
will reduce the number of cattle If
so,good will be accomplished, as this
is :tot a grazing country, and as you
diminish the number you improve
the quality. Far better they kept on
suia'l pastures and soiled, thus im
proving the manure heap and saving
time, by having them at hand, in -
stead of coursing them by tho bell, to
be diiven up at night; or, what is
I wots?, suffering them to remain out.
Again, it ia argued that by th>;
proposed change we lose the glean
iogs of the field. I think it is gen
erally couceeded-that more injury is
done the Innd aud subsequent crops
than benefits derived by the stock.
All good farmers know the great in
jury done to our fie'ds by tho hqof in
wet weather, and yet how few keep
them off. I cauuot see how any sane
man can insist upon the present cus
tom when everything cries aloud for
A Lady's Strange Pets.
Tvry Lions in a Honst? Li ing at Peace
/ With tho Inmates.
ja&W^- lad tea choose a dog. n cat, a
cnriaTy or pony for a pet, not] oiteir
'??;t th nr lives upon them," but rare
ly does one hear of a lady's attaching
herself to such strauge pets as tho
writer saw at Mrs. Lincoln's, 04 How
ard street, a day or two ago. Living
in the family are a couple of lious,
twenty-one months old, brought up
by the hand of Mrs. Lincoln. They
are African lious, a species not easily
reared in this country, but Mrs. Lin
coln has succeeded, by the exercise of
great care, in rearing them t) thct r
present age and size. The male
weighs about 250 pounds, and the
female perhaps fifty pounds less. Tliey
have been at the house on Howard
street since last September, ami until
within n month have had the "run of
the place," going about the rooms
with considerable freedom. As a
measure of caution the police thought
the creatures should be restrained,
and their quarters are now moro
limited than forme? ly, although they
have a sute out-door run and a room
adjoining the kitchen, with only a
i strong wire door separating the apart
ments. Mrs. Lincoln is as free with
her pets as ladh'sare with their pood
les. Sh? plays with them; feeds them
from berhnnds, and has taught them
various tricks. They will kiss berat
her bidding, jump through a hoop,
etc. Bet?re the police restrictions
were pluced upon them, the animals
were accustomed to walk into the
kitchen or parlor among guests, and
go back to their quarters without
offering harm to any one. A year
ago the lioness used to occupy tho
same couch with the lady at night,
but now she has grown too large to be
taken upon a common bedstead. Tho
animals aro quite a curiosity, and, in
their gentleness, show plainly how
potent is the law of kindness, even
with tho brute creation ?lioslon llcr
In a free government the safety of
the State may be in tm re peril from
the well informed, unscrupulous clas
ses, than from the ignorant rabble.
Watch for opportunities of useful
ness. Every day brings them, and
onco gone thoy are gone forever.
Why it Fays to Read.
One's physical frame?his body?
his muscles?his feet?bis hands?is
only a living machine. It is tho mind,
controlling and directing that ma
chine, that gives it power and effici
ency. The successful use of the body
depends wholly upon tho mind?upou
its ability to direct well. If one ties
his arm in a sling, it becomes weak
and finally powerless. Keep it in
active exercise, and it acquires vigor
and strength, and is discipline*- to use
this strength as desired. Just so one's
inihd, by "active exercise in thinking,
reasoning, planning, studying, observ
ing, acquires vigor, strength, power
of concentration and direction.
Plainly then, the man who exer
cises his mind in reading and think
ing, gives it increased power and effi
ciency, and greater ability to direct
the efibrts of his physical frame?his
work?to belter results, than e can
who merely or mainly uses Iiis mus
cles. If a man reads a book or paper,
even one he knows to be erroneous,
it helps him by the effort to combat
the errors. The combat invigorates
Of all men, the farmer, the culti
vator, needs to read more and think
more?to strengthen his reasoning
powers, so that they may help out
and make more effective, more profi
table, his hard toil. There can ha no
doubt, that that farmer who supplies
himself with the most reading, the
most of other men's thoughts and
experiences, will iu the end, it not at
once, be the mo t successful. v
"The mind makes the man," is a
trite but very true adage. How much
above tho brute that toils with him?
is the man who merely works, eats,
and sleeps, and cares for his progeny ?
The brute does all this. The man
rises in dignity, in self-respect, in the
respect of others, just so far .as he
rises in intelligence. We haven cer
tain regard for the ant, or colony of
ant*, that by /olig, oard, p.>i.w./i />;.?,,
gathers a fiue, large, showy mound of
earth?yellow earth it may be, or of
silvery white. Iu what is that man
superior to the ant, who spends his life
wholly in scraping t tgethcr a mass of
laud, und u pile of yellow gold or
white silver, and a large house, lives
in it, and dies there? He may be
called n successful man, a rich man,
but what docs that amount to after
all. If be be rich in good deeds, if he
be an intelligent man, if he be able,
by the superior cultivation of his
mind, bis thinking and reasoning
powers, ? ot only to plan successfully
1 for himself, cut to give wise counsel
to others, he commands our real re
Farmers, think of theso things.
Now, and for a few coming months,
while tho field work does not press,
devote some time each day or evening
to mind development. Lop off, if
need be, a dollar ot two here or there,
and with it buy one or two books,
especially those treating of your own
business, of the character and nature
of the soils you till, of tho crops you
raise, of the animals you have to do
with, their differences and character,
etc. This will lead to further think
ing and reasoning; it will devclope
mind-power; it will make you more
intelligent; it will raise you higher in
your own estimation, and higher in
the estimation of your family, and of
your neighbors. It will aid you in
planning better for the future, and
will thus really pay in dollars and
cents. Subscribe for some good pa
per dovoting a whole or a part of its
space to agricultural subjects, and se
lect some book, fu stone that will inter
est both yourself and family. Let it
be road and studied well. When its
thoughts becomo your own, lend it to
a neighbor and get him to read it.
Then choose another book, and do
the same \x\ih it. Next summer's toil
will bo moro cheerful, you will have
more to think of while following tho
plow, the harrow, etc.; aud wo firmly
believe that a year from now you will
have more dollars in your pocket.
Tho population of Africa is about
O Memory ! tliy voice is sweet, and
the low murmurs of thy speech full
on the heart like perfect music Thy
power is marvelous?stronger than
death's, more potent than the grave's.
All generjtions have known thee, and
th}' empire stretches backward to the
beginning of the world. At a word,
u, motion, of thiue, the past, which
until then was blank and black, is
made luminous with glowing deeds
and radiant faces, ami all manuer of
bright things. Thy hand passes over
their blackness, and makes the over
vaulting and far-reaching years liko
a starry sky. Thy voice is never sil
ent. The language of the heart is
thine; and songs, and the voice of
greeting, and tremulous farewells,
sadly sweet, come floating up to us;
nor is laughter wanting, or the low
murmur ot prayer. In thy right
hand is wisdom, and in thy left, con
solation. Hope springs oat of thee as
a llowcr out of its nati\ e soil; and faith
itself finds support by leaning on thy
arm. Memory, that findcth her per
fect love in God, and in man, accord
ing to the measure of his days, a life
not Ip-kr perfect?what should \vr. do
without her? Amid our failures sho
rccallcth some autedating triumph,
and the bitterness of our cup is made
tolerable to our lips. Wheo pierced
with human bereavement,she bindeth
up our wounds with recollected mer
cies; and God seems dearer and nigher
to us because of her power.
A Devout Life.
Devout life has untold power. Like
the forces of nature, it is often hid
den or obscure, but it holds and
shakes the world. Men may refuse
?o hear your preaching; they are not
able to cvado the argument of a
blameless and holy life. The aroma
of it fills all the atmosphere; its doc
trine dist|Us like the gentle dew, or .
its words to the eud of the world;
there is no speech or language where
its voice is not heard. Your religion,
lu be of any worth, must besuch a
life. Profession is well, but it is only
the gateway to the life?only the
sign of the inward substance. The
Gospel was not proclaimed to give
you a creed, but to render possible to
you a devout life. You will be a
power among men, hot in proportion
to your knowledge, or your natural
endowment, bat in proportion to the
sanctity and fulness of your roligioua
- ??^b?. i ?
In the mild climate of Rome, fires
are rarely needed in winter, and on
chilly days braziers with charcoal art)
placed in rooms. The pope has a hor
ror of fire, and w ill not allow it in his
presence in any form, lie sometimes
sutlers from cold hands, and in that
case orders his "palietta." This is a
small hollow ball of silver, fillod with
hot water. The pope holds it until
the cold ceases.
WB ? MM
"Why didn't you put on a clean
collar before you left home?" called
out an impertinent young fop to an
omnibus-driver. '"Cause your mother
hadn't sent home my washing," waa
the extinguishing reply.
Eighteen hundred revolutionary
ladies have been flogged in .Rueaia,
and whole citi- of the province of
Kowono have been banished to Si
The boy who grows up with an over
whelming fear of dogs will not de
velop iuto a book agouti in afterlife.
The imports of Franco during 1877
amounted to 6751,273,600, and tho
oxports to ?695,864,600.
Great Britain has expended $59,
000,000 in twelvo years in building
ships of war.
Every cloud, and cvory prosperous
pocket-book, bos a silver lining.
Most horses havo bridle tours.
A cow belle?tho milk maid.
xml | txt