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two dollars imc!! annum. >? GOD TVjSTI^ OUR COUNTRY. always in advance
VOLUME V SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 23, 1878. NUMBER 53
DeTreville & Hoj? ward
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS
OrnngcburK; <'. Bi., ft.
James S- lleywai I
Will practice in the varioiiH Courh
?f the State
W. J. DeTreville,
W. B. TREAD WELL
"Will attend to patient :i< their residents
cither in Town or Country; Address
through Post Office or rail on tnu ill ri i
dent Coner Kussel an?! TroadwcU Street*.
Prompt attention will be given ami hatis*
\V. n. TRKAHWKf.L.
nov 3 ly
Knowlton & Wannamaker,
COUNSELLORS AT LA W,
Orniisebm'.n C- 12??> s
Ang. 15. Knowlton, F. 51 Wannmunker,
Orangeburg C. IT. St. Matthews,
may 5 I s77 n
(Uussell St. Opposite Hurley's Corner.)
All manner of Smitli work anil llorse
shoeing properly done.
Fancy Sen 11 work. Uniting lb" firave
Lots. A trial solicited.
THUM AS UA V:
sipt l t;'.
I? the most Kenliil balsam ever used .by
nifferers from pulmonary diseases.
It is composed of herbal products, wnlcn
have a specific pfTect ??n the throat mid
luniTR; dotnclics from tin- nlr cells nil Ir
ritfitiii(r matter; anuses It to he expecto
rateri, nml at ?nie?- chcuks I lie Itillanmi'n Inn
which producoa the couirb. A slnirlu do*>o
relieves the mnxt (list r<>*,.tiiir pnraxysm.
soothes nervousness, ami cnunlcn tlto -.ui
rerer to enjoy nulet rest at lilirlit. Iteini: t?
ploammt cordial, it tout's the weak stom
ueh, and Ib spocially recouuiiunueu lor
HVhict others say ad c itC
o Tutt9s Expectorant.
Had Aslbma Thirty Years,
I1ai.timohb, February 3, i?7*.
?* I have had Asthma thirty years :??>?* never iountl
Cmedicine that had Mich a happv effect."
W. F. HOGAH, Charl-s St.
A Child's Idea of Merit.
Nbw Oklkans, November ji, 1S76.
"Tutt's 7?xpertnrart is a familiar name in my house.
My wile tliinks it the best medicine in the world,
stnd the children *av Jt is 'nicer than molasses
candy.'" NOAH WOODWARD, 101 N. Poydras St.
"Six, and al! Croupy."
"I itih the mother ofjsix children ; nil ofthemhave
been croupy. Without Tutt's lCxpcclnraut, I don't
?hin U they could have survived some ol' the attacks.
It is a mother's blcssintr."
MARY STEVENS, Frankfort, Ky.
A Doctor's Advice.
*' In my practice, 1 advise all families to Keep Tut'.'
Jtxpectorant, in sudden emergencies, for COUghJ,
croup, diphtheria, etc."
T. P. ELLIS, M.D., Newark, N.J.
Bold by all druffgMs. Frlcv $i.OO. Vjjie.
35 Murray Street, JVeic York.
THE TREE IS MOWN GY ITS r.TblT."
? 41 Tutt's Pills arc worth their wr -htin fynld."
REV. I. U. SIMPSUM, Louisville, Ky.
1 "Tutt's Pills nre a special Me? .>tr of the r>i:- ?
teenth century.*'?REV. F. R. OSGOOD, New York.
"I have ur.ed Tutt'iTPITls tor torpor of the liver.
They are superior to r.ny medicine lor biliary dSs
orders ever made."
I. P. CARR, Attorney nt Law, Augusta, Ca.
" I have used Tutt's Puls five years In my family.
They arc uncounted forcortivcncssaiid biliousness!"
F. R. WILSON, Qeorgotown, Texas.
I ?'! have used Tutt's Me.lii ir!e wit'1 preat benefit.''
W. W. MANN, Editor Mobilo Register.
"We sell fifty boxes' Tint's TilU lo live of all
others."?SAY RE A CO^^Cartarsvillo, Ga.
'?Twit's I'ills have muyto bo tried to establish
their merits. They work like mncic."
W. H. DARRON_. <JB Summer St., Boston.
" There is no medicine s > well adapted t.> the cure
of bilious disorders as Tutt's Pills."
JOS. BRUMMEL, Richmond, Viryinia.
''' AND A TrfOT^TTND MORE,
tisli! by drxinyista. Hit cents n h?.r. Ojjlcc
3li Murray Street, Kcw York,
3 FROM TUR PJICIVIC. JOr/tt.W'lL.
?-\ . "A GREAT INVENTION
has horn inmle l>>- 111!..TfTT, of Isew \'nrk,
?which restores vouthful In aittv to (hi- hair.
Tiint emlnont chemist hns surceeded in
fjrcilucliiK a Hair l>ye which Imitates
nature to perfection. t)id bnahelors may
. now rejoice." f?
l'i-ico $I.OO. Office 8ft Muermi St.,
. JYeto York. Solil by nil druyyists.
iMay 0 1S77 \\
TP?11 S A I j \ *].
A house ant! lot at .Jamison's Turn Out
bounrlod on (bo I'ttr-t by H. ('. Hail
Road;' Will be sold cheap. Apple to
MKS. II. M. A M.i:i:\vs.
aug II If.
vitnr lirotlt sold Low Down
Wu take tho following instructive.
iKirriilivo from n lecture delivered
heibre the Historical Society of the
South Carolina Conference by Rev
A M < 'Ii rietzborg :
'1 h.e v.hiie. population in the Revo
lution amounted to forty thousand.
A ft or the peace, in 17Si), multitudes
from liurope, and the more north erii
part.- of Americ.i, poured into the
Stute. Pendloton and Greenville
counties Idled so tapidly, that, in the
year 1 sou, they alone contained thirty
thousand souls. Ttio last foreign
emigt ttion was in the closing years of
the eighteenth century?the. occasion,
tie insurrection in the Isle of St. Do
A glance at the manners and cus
toms <>! the earlier sott Iers show how
great the change a century makes.
Now, roads, and bridges, ami ferries
abound where then only the Indian
trail existed, end railroads speed the
traveller, when in the early time he
could only trust to his own powers of
locomotion, or to the rude canoe,
lb :;.~t< of burden were Jew, ami goods
and chattels had to he eonvcyed as
! ..-; tin \ might. The swamps, and
branches, and blazes upon the trees
the only guide to the traveller. Dirt
homes were not uncommon, an exca
vation in the lull side giving shelter
until it rude cabin could ba construc
ted. Outside the city of Charleston
i!,.' dwellings were all primitive, and
i \ (ii in the city itself there was noth
ing pi'utial until Ion ? years had gone
The town itself, according to Fi?d
ward t ri| map, published in 1701.
was exceedingly limited in extent,
covering but a modicum of the Penin
sula on which the present city stands.
Goy. A rchda'e sneaks of the wide
11 ad, extending out fi.r three or four
miles, with the noble forest growth ?
] "that no Prince in Europe, by all
I their art, can make so pleasant a
sight." Landgrave rttnith'V account
.-talcs, "that the young girls received
their bonus i t ."> o'clock, having dined
al 1 *_\ i > peeling them to withdraw
about six," as their fathers having
learned to obey ll e Ciirtew toll in
England, retired nl seven in the win
ter, and seldom beyond eight in the
summer time. The i ioms of the nouses
were till unenrpeted, the rough side's
of tin' npertinents of the eo or of the
wooi' used in their construction.
A MS, history of the Legnro family
twenty year.- later, state.- ' fhe ivhit
inhabitants! veil frugally, as luyur\
bad not yet crept in am n_ the in;
and cxcepl a little rum and sugar
lea and c< fli-c. were mi lent ith whai
their plantation.'- alhudi d them. It
was customary lor families to < 1 in? ? at
12, and take tea at sunset; alter which
the old folks mm an tuiel their streel
door--. nr. like good, obi fashioned
!?( i_-' 1 ( rs, i st id at igi d Kind gr< etiugs
m 1111 c o h ? tli r from house to h on e;
while he 'young peaple assembled in
guuips to walk or p ay ubou! the
sticets. < ii moonlight evenings the
grown girls :111? 1 young men amused
th'.inselves in placing Trays Ace1,
blind man's bull', etc. Marly hours
were much ivgnrded, for ii was con
sidered u great breach of family < 1 i
eiplinc lor a child to .-lay on n ter
nine at night."
Hot ween 1730 nel '-10, the town
consisted < 1 from live to si.\ hundred
houses, mostly of wood cover.'.I with
clapbourels; hut shortly afterwards
the style and comfort of dwellings wer
much improved. No carriages of
any hind existed; travellers were ex
posed to the heat of the sun in open
boats r on horseback. An apro
chriphal record accounts for the pre
sent bend in King street, as the path
in ong which the cattle rame home
from their pas tu rag >.
Another glimpse of the manners
a..d customs of tho people, and this,
too, in tint upper country,closes up
this p i tiou of our subject. James
Duncan, thes >n of the fust settler in
in Ncwberry county , gives the follow
ing description between 1700 and
'ihe customs atp.i aniusemcnls that
prevailed among the first settlors
wore: Wrestling, running loot races,
jumping, fiddling, dancing, .shooting i
blind man's, hull'. Hiuflle the brogue,
(whatever that may !)??.) sol ing of
pawns, rimming the thimble, (wh >
knows what thai is ?) erili and taylor,
grinding the bottle, (a blackened hat
rubbedov r the f-teo >vhiloih>i ;i >?.?..-?
looks ti> see. the not lie dance,) 13 colli
er, I'm bobbed, (hero all soieiiee is at
fault, the last survivor unable to tell
what, that is,) black hear, dropping
the glove, swimming and diving, and
the like. Their dress consisted of
hunting shirts, loggiiis, moccasins \vi t h
buckles and beads upo i them. Tho
men clubbed their hair, and tie I it
lip in a little deer skin or silk bag, or
cued and rolled up in a b'ack rib
bon or hears etil mil dressi d and dyed
back." He pdsitixel) states?see
Mill's -tati-ii'-.s?i but it may well bo
doubled), thai "the men shaved off
their hnir and Wore white linen caps
with rullles ar-und them. The wo
men's dress." ho continual, "washing'
eared caps, Virgi ii bonnets,short and
long gow is. s'avs, stomachers, rpii'tod
petticoats and high wooden-heeled
One of the customs of the country as
lute as 17?0, was, after the manner of
an Irish wake, that of treating at fun
erals. On the authority of Dr. Howe,
we learn: "In the last century the
practice of drinking at burials of the
dead prevailed to a melancholy ex
tent, and not a lew instances are given
of ministers bein g disciplined for in
dulging too freely on such occasions.
And too frequently the living were
not sullieieiitly sober to follow with
becoming decorum their departed
Iriends to the grave.'
. iitdi uiiclerical eon l.i.:t w u not un
common during the century. An
early statute of the neighboring colo
ny of Vi ginia reads :
".Ministers shall not give themselves
to ryots, spending their time idelio hy
j day or by nighi. playing at dice, cards,
j unit oilier oi..a\vi'o. gunu;-, (i .', u.. ...
times convenient, they shall hear or
read somewhat of the Scriptures, or
shall occupy themselves with sonic,
other honest studies or exercise, ill ?
ways doing tin: tiling- that shall an
pertayue to honest e, and en 1 savor
to profit the I lunch oi God. having
always in mynd that they ought to
excel I all others in p-triiy of lifo, and
should be examples to the people to
live well and Christian lie." All ihe
clergy, of course, wi re t ot of this
chaiactcr, Id,; that imi'iy >> to in were
i ' t lind leaders 01 ihe blind;" i> lull v |
t \ ,i i lit. he lie.:- ? i history show !
ihegrcal need everyvsher?? foi a [>en
era I revival <'. religion, which, und or
Ciod, b\ tii Wesley* und Whitciicld
ii Luiupe, ami, about the middle ol
the century, the lilniis and Team aits
in America, was inaugurated, and in
the closing year- id ihe conturv, by
the iiilluc.m.t Methodism, spread
over this' onlineut, and i? stiii spro.i I
ing over the worul
It would be pleasing to know tin
mailer and manner of preaching in
those early days, bui only here and
liiere do we get glimpses of it, or rath
er of the length of the service, or,
more properly, ihe sermon. The
canonical twenty minutes' nfsome,
and the thirty or forty of others of to
day, contrast badiy with the t ipiivor
four hours of tb'e fathers Hut of
course the world in vis, and so should
the srermon. The old Puritan seemed
to consider the more gloomy the re
ligion t ie better the typ.', and if Sun
day could only h.' made a sorry day,
it was all the more acceptable to a
stern juridical deity, a il he that
could not enduro the nineteenthfy or
ninety-ninth head of a discourse, only
showed signs of his gracolossuess,
True, Paul onco preaching long,
until "midnight," Eutycus full down
dead, but to Ihe advocate for long
preaching, wo would say, all tho dif
lerenco lay in the fact that. St. Paul
was the preacher. And at this present,
within our own hounds, a modern
teacher of nonsense insists that six or
seven hours is a moderate length for
But to the past. Sir John Dal
! rymplc, in his history of ihe Dario?
sott leihen t of this early day, says:
"They (the preacher) exhausted the
?pmv?l of the j)c.?[)le, by requiring
their attendance at sermons four or
five hours at a stretch, relieving euch j
other by preaching alternately, but i
allowing no relief to their hearers,
j Tho employment of one of the days
set aside for religious exercise4, which
( wa? Wednesday, they divided into
llifee parts?thanksgiving, humilia
tion, and supplication, in which throe
minister* followed eacdi other. Ami
as the service of the Church of Scot
laud consists of a lecture, with a com- J
incut, a sermon, two prayers, t hree
psalms, and a blessing, the work of
tliMt. day, upon the average of llio
bmjjth of the service of that age, could
not. take up Ic-m ih iu twelve Iruirs ,
tint ing which space of time the colo
ny was collected; au.l kept close to
gcther in the guard room, which was
used as a chinch, in a tropical cli
ntnto, und at a sickly season. They
damped the courage of the peop'o by
j continually presenting hell to them as
the termination of life to most men,
because most men Were sinners. (Ju
rying ihe Pesbytcrian doctrine of j
predestination to extremes, they I
j stepped all exertions by showing that
the consequences of them depended
net on those by whom I hey were
made." Doubtless they might have
said in rejoinder, "an enemy hath
Mrs. Fludd, according to Dr. ITowr,
in her MS. historyol the Legare fami
ly, give* the following scene in church
between the first emigrant, Solomon
Lena re, and the minister, Mr. Stobo.
''Air. Legarc was strict in the ob
servanee of regular loons, aid to his
great annoyance the Rev. Mr. .Stobo,
who preached at one tint sin the Con
gregatioual church, gave sermon.! oi
such uttusal length that they often
inter for red with the dinner hour. A t
length Mr. Lcgire wtw determined to j
submit no longer to such irregularit y;
u'n'iuhc hex* . v. .'..'..-iC.V k&i&i vUj
his family in the mitist of the dis
course, and was about to leave the 1
church, when the Rev. Scotch gentle
man, nreceiviiiy; his intentiotj, called 1
out from the i-u pit: ?'. i y <///<?. u ?
iitt!n fir-r is soon /"?//;' Upon
which irreverent address, the Ihtgii- ;
nut's French blood became excite J, !
and turning about in the mid-lie of
the aisle, be mill mure irreverently i
and not altogether to \\\< credit, re- '
ibrted, you iire ait >>/</Jho!!" i
He i heu quid i v wehi home, with hi s
(a.nily. ate bis dinner, return j:I with
tht.mi to ihe church, an I then liste.no 1
t ? the balitr.ee <>i" the discourse as
gravely as i' i: thing bad occurred."
Hut, vet, one little fact few may
know, that the woodsouee existing
whore the city <>l Charleston now
stands, was the oratory 'of,John New
ton? ('owners Newton?the Oluoy
b vmnist?th? :i an officer of a slave
sliip. In a letter tinted about 17-1'?,
be speaks of pouring out strong cries
and tears amid that shrubbery; re
turning to Fnghtnd, he became fam
ous as u preacher of righteousness.
I.Y ti. WAN NKR.
I will call my e.-.-ay stray thoughts
ami matters of fact,by an immigrant,
on home n auufuctures, and when
done with the facts I will give you
some figuies. lb-lore I go on this
errand allow me to say, "Don't ex
pect a speech Irom nie." Speech
making ain't my business. Only the
hope that iu\ inattcis of fact will be
beneficial toward enlisting home
entcrpri.-e induces me to take the
This great supporter of a country,
nra we as a whole doing anything in
this State toward introducing it
among us? i am sorry to say no.
Wo never have tried; we never gave
a helping hand and a cheering word
towards introducing it hero. Yes,
there are a few exceptions, among
our editors, who in their papers
sometimes try to awake tho miud of
the people, mid some low mechanics
from the North who u /e immigrated
1 here, anil who ore working hard
against the stream in laying the
foundation of home industry. Many
j amongst you will say, ''Wo get things
so cheap from the North that it would
be no use to try to compete with the
North.'' This shows how little con
fidence we have in ourselves, and how
small nn opinion we have of the rich
ness of our soil, which in every way
is so lavishly bestowed ou us by
1 am young in years, but I have
seen the world, and in my Gfteen
years of t ravel, in which I have ram
bled all over this great Union, from
ea.-t to west, from north to south, over
Mexico, South America, Australia,
Atrien, China, and over the whole of
the European continent, I have never
seen a better, a healthier, and for
manufactures, a more su itable coun
try than the upper part of South.
Find inc a country where there is
such nn abundance of natural water
power, large and powerful enough to
run all the factories in the Northern
States; and what are we doing towards
I using them? Nothing, my friends I
j The waters wi 1 run down to the
sea yet for year? until you get con
vinced that nut fanning alone, but
home manulactu.es, too, will help to
make this State the bauuer State of
the Union. My friends, shall the
waters, nature's great gift, still longer
run idly without paying us their tri
bute? Is not our State gifted with
all the materials necessary to utilize
POKES TS AND TIMUEKS.
Fee our forests ! The pine trees
I arc waiting for the axnicn to fell
them to he hauled to the saw mill,
moulding and planing machines,
there to be turned into prepared
j lumber, with which to build and
: furnish for us comfortable housesaud
? j'u ??; i'.ur ? Now instead of tho h:\'u
ry of a comfortable home, we live in
log huts, :;nd the soft side of a rough
plunk is our bed. There, too, are the
oak and hickory, also waiting to be
cut and manufactured into spokes,
felloes, pick and ax handles, wagons,
&c, The willows on the creeks grow
and die where idle hands might be
employed iu basket work.
What are we doing with our cot- j
ton ? We sell it to the North ?v to !
Englund to he worked into different
cotton fabrics, and in the latter shape
it comes back to us again, an 1 we, as I
n good people, knowing no better, pay
all the freight, commission, manu
lecturing cost and other expenses
w ith a heavy interest, and admire the
wonders of the water powers of the
North, which, with the bei p of ma
chinery, are made from the fruits of
mir soil an 1 with our money. How
many people could we n it employ iu
such enterprise % Well, my friends,
the time is I hope not far away when
we will make our own prints and
other fabrics, and give our Northern
friends a chance o buy from us.
How much wool yearly leaves our
State, bought from us at a lrille ? We
buy this wool back again at enor
mous price in tho shape of woolen
goods, such us clothing, blankets,
hats, Ac. Many of you wear to-day a
pound of wool in the shape of a
Hampton or Tilden hat, the original
cost of which was thirty cenls, and
now perhaps costs you S?. Is it worth
two, three or four dollars to make
such a hat? .1 guess not.
How many hides are yearly ship
ped to Baltimore and New York to
be returned again in leather or in the
shape of boots and shoes ? And what
kind of an article do we get exchange?
Why, the most inferior iu the world !
Instead of boots and shoes of full
stoi k, we get them of the worst kind
of manufacture, as are made from
split leather with shoddy work. Why
don't we tan our own hided and make
our own hoots and shoes ? There is
. timber enough in the upper part of
South Carolina . to run fifty largo
tanneries for years, aiul how many
have wo got? Hardly any! Tho
tanners of the North pay from 812 to
?18 for a cord of bark an I live by it.
We can get any amount of it from
S3 to ?G per cord. Toe tanners South
are obliged to sell their rough slock
to Baltimore and Northern markets,
where it is finished, sold then to
Northern Bhoe manufacturers, and our
own leather comes back to us as
Northern leather in harness, boots
and hhocd Many of you wear to day
a pair of Northern boots or shoes
made of Southern stock. The general
Opinion here is that leather and shoe
luateral manufactured here is of no
account. In this you are mistaken.
Encourage your tenners. Sell them
good hides, and I warrant you they
will g've you good article back ugaio.
By hunting around your farm
premises, you will find old iron en
ough to make farm implements, mill
gearing and other "iron ware to last
you for fifty years. Gather your old
iron before it becomes worthless. Start
a foundry?we have pin? timber
enough to keep a large foundry in coal
for a long time?aed buy your iron
ware for one-half the coat you do
How many of yo'i do not love a
good cigar, good smoking or chewing
tobacco ? What becomes of the to.
bacco which you raise ? Most of it is
shipped to the North and come back
to you in the shape of Havana cigars,
or of Durham smoking or some brand
of chewing tobacco. Y m get from
eight to fifteen cents for your weed,
and after it has been sent North and
been flavored a little, you buy it back
at from sixty cents to oue dollar and
over a pound for smoking tobacco or
pay for it in the shape of cigar j from
five to fifteen cents apiece.
FRUITS AND V EG KT A B T. CS.
Just sec the large amount ofpeach
j ey. tomatoes, berries, peas^?foj^wh?^t^.
you fed up to the "North iLU^tfnTflrywP?^
I get but a trifle, and then when winter
conies you pay enormous prices for
ihe fruits of your own soil by going
to some storekeeper and buying a can
of Bai:im .re canned tomatoes or
peaches. My friends, I could go on
for a whole day in showing you what
we can and what we don't do, but I
know that you will all say, "Howcan
we start such enterprise when we
don't know bow to do it?" I wiH tell
bow. Encourage immigration
Through it you will encourage homo
manufacture. Induce the right kind
id' immigrants to come here, and 1
assure you that in less than no time
you will see home industry flourish,
and our beloved Palmetto State in a
prosperous and healthy condition.
Before I close my essay, I will give
you some statistics of the amount of
money which yearly leaves our State
never to return:
Supposing we have, at a low guess,
700,000 inhabitants in this State,and
put down, as an average, S30, which
are spent by young and old during one
year?it gives us the small sum of
S21,000,000. Then put down 7000,
000 with two pair of shoes or boots
a year, at an average of $2 per pair,
82,800,00. 100,000 sides of leather,
such as sole, upper and harness leath
er, at 03 a side or skin, $300,000.
100.000 inhabitants who smoke or
chew tobacco at an average of $10 a
year, 81,000.000. 700,000 hats, al
lowing one new hat every year, at an
average of $3, $2,100,000. Further,
we allow for farm implements, farm
ware, tools, Ac, 600,000. Together
it sums up, S27,800,000.
No wonder we are poor, then, if
this sum leaves our State yearly,
never to return. Why ccu't we keep
it here ? If wo try we can, and I
hope we w ill all join hand in hand,
and lift our State, by agriculture and
home manufacture combined, to that
station where she ought to be.
'1 he latest style the fair sex have
uow-a-days to comb their hair?hang
it against the wall.
Rev. John Bean, of Baltimore, U