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Tlio C nhypbm'g Times.
ItifiCKD I VI :.Y >.\-;l'l,D-> V MOUNINO.
.?; hm of SuhscTintion.
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. Suhtr.i ipiims iv.nl Tenniticnl Advertise'
vi? uts h I'c y>ii<.'/'??? Ki .?idw.-.-.r.
T'.*;. .V" fieriptu /??<? Snh*cription or Arfrrr
tuctncnts tire V'tilin unless Stinted by Business
fitc* Wc ssro ir no way r< | onsibla for
the views or opinion.* of uur CurrcHpotid
SATURDAY, MAY .". 1378.
]n i.vuv govi rnnictM where tl>e |
people rule by delegating power to
representative.-, two political parties,
and only two tiro necessary lor I he
proper conduct of public affairs?
parties formed by the combination of*
a certain portion of the popu'ation
to establish certain general piinci
plcs i\ r an cud, and by the remain
ing portion to established other prin
ciples for another end. The develop
ment of consti'uiiotiul law, .ho ends
of justice, aud the free and equal
action of the citizens, demand that
such parties be organized upon gene
ral principles and not particular
cases, and lor the .sole object of keep
ing the lalnnce of power in equal
3n nil (bims of govcinmeut there
is a principle of action which pre
dominates, so in a Republican form
we have a social power which is ever
active to rule. 'Ibis clement looks
upon the limitations established by
law as burdensome, und is slow to
regard any right of person or prop
erty which conies in conflict with
it;. pi'Cjuoiccs or imagined prerogative,
and if permitted to remain long
unchecked, would in time become
unlimited power. The natural con
stitution of euch a free government
provides an opposing pi iueip'o which
combats and retardi the social and
forces it to model ate its own vehe
'i bis political clement in our coun
try has been represented for the last
twenty yeais by the Republican
party at the Kurth ami its Radical
wing nt the South. The crcuin
ttanccs of patriotic enthusiasm du
liio cur civil troubles and the
unlocked for results of the war
added greatly to its ranks, and im
parted a power which carried it on
?li-'uui-CTi>^rr?Mo coinpiw?TBrrrtil almost
absolute supremacy had been acquired.
Dining this long period of success,
power was maintained by securing
the control^ of the party to leaders
who desired wealth and erne, and
were unwilling to employ the honest
means by which others obtained the
smuc ouds; ai.d to perpetuate this
control they lured the laboring
classes by promises of a final lelief,
through the party, from the cares in
cident to their inodrs of life. At the
North higher rates of wages and the
control of labor over capital, were
held out ns tue ruling influence, while
at the same time ihe moneyed men
were pacified by favorable tarilf and
bond enactments; at the South the
prejudices of the colored people were,
excited against the white race, and
promises of confiscation of proper
ty were made, by which forty acres of
land and a mule were to be allotted
to each family Single individuals
were caused to look forward to posi
tions in a higher sphere of lift: than
their most sanguine expectations led
them to believe; while the white race
was weakened by discriminating laws
which excluded them from all parti
cipation in the affairs of the govern
ment. Assurance wm made doubly
sure to the ignorant masses in both
sections, by the presence of a large
standing army which pointed to the
verification of the tyrants dogma:
"To the victors belong the spoils "
The legitimate fruits of so base a
policy were manifest in every portion
oi- the Union, nud more glaringly
noticeableattho South ami in Wash
ington and the larger cities of New
.England and the West. At the
Js'oith failures in I usiness circles,
depression in all industries among
the morcyeil classes,and poverty and
want among the laborers lid lowed
the working of the Higher Law; at
the Southj warj of races, political I
blight ami corruption, official ex Ira v j
game and misrule, and government '
<pjTC . ion of tin- while cili/.eus by ?
(j.orbitiut laxnii"!! wuro tho incti
lab it: icsults ol Rh licaii.*ut. In ,
jf Tb' the historic case of UoiieMy |
versus Dishonesty was brought to
trial before tho Supreme Tribunal of
a free government, tho people, a
verdict of "guilty" was rendered
against the dominant parly, and its
execution at tho North was ordered
for the 4th of March when tho in
auguration of Mr. Hayes should
decapitate the inis< i able culprit by
taking Graut (rom tho throne, and at
the South for thu January w< en
that of Hampton should con pleto
the ceremony by driving the con
tcmptablo < hau. her lain with hw,'ou
stabhs from tho Capitol of South
'I Iiuh it t otnplele an ), it is to be
hoped, a linal check ha-* been given
to this social p wer, iho most dan
gerous element in a Republican
Uovcriinient, by disorganizing the
Ucpublicuii party at the North aud
not only disorganizing the Radical
wing ul tho South but dispersing its
lenders from L)uii to liersheba. Ol
the combinations which appear to bo
binning out of the remains of the I
old part}- we may have occasiou I
to speak her -after. In the meantime
le t the Democrats be upon the watch.
He that Halh i'.ar3 to Hear, Let
There never has been, and perhaps
never will be again, a moro moment- i
outs occasion to the citizens of Orange
b?rg than the approac hing election;
and it will decide the question wheth
er the Democrats, understanding
their position, will be united and
conquer, or divided, bo defeated. To
secure so uedrable an cm! us success,
let there be had in every section a
general canvass of the fitness of our
representative men in order that the
most capable may be put ill nomina
tion hy whatever method the Execu
tive Committee, in their wisdom may
sec lit to order.
Upon that election pen? the future
salvation of the county and pros
perity of her citizens of everj* color.
The interest is too great to be tri filed
with by allowing porsounl prejudices
to come in between the citizen aud
bin mani est duty, and the dangers |
are too thick to hazard that interest
upon any untried political scheme, j
It is heller, infinitely better to cor
rect, by w. 11 directed efforts, tin?
evils complained ol in the old Con
vention plan than to incur, in tho
I'ritnury Election system, the dangers
of which wc know nothing. The col
ored votes in tliis county out number
those of the whites by 1200 or 15'JO
majority which wo. mu>l overcome
by fair and diouost moans. Vet we
cannot believe that our col ore I citi
/.ens, especially the intelligent por
tion, with the revelations of the last
few years before them, will refuse to
unite 'j with us in working out at the
ballot box a common prosperity fo r
both rare.-. Reiter counsel than |
thai of the last decade wM prevail
aud the result of the next election
will prove: that South Carolina, and
not ' ibi ria, is to he the: scenes ol
the colored man's moral elevation
and material prosperity notwith
stunding Judge Ma.-key's speech at
[ CO MM UNICATH1).]
I'Uli.or ('roth'/cburt/ Thwi :
Votir last paper being filled with
argument- against the primary system
of nominations, recommcuded by the
State lCxecutivc Committee, it may
he in order in this issue to take a
view ol the opposite side of the pic
Your correspondent has read with
care both your editorial and thu com
munication signed UA lluinpton
Deniuer it," aud ho has failed to find
a tingle argument against the prim
ary system, which eloos n >t apply
with equal, if not greater force,
against the convention system.
Before reviewing these arguments
let us briefly compare the two sys
tems, in order that the subject may
be cle arly understood us doubt ess
much of tlie opposition to the primary
system arises irom ignorance ou the
part ed the people as to its aim and
Doubtloss the chief object of the
State Executive Committee iu re
commending tho primary system was
to abate, if not entirely remove, the
very thing, strangely used as ail argu
ment against it, viz : "Corruption
in the shape of cliques, wirepulling
and nxegihiding." Such are rather
the nil 'in I ants ol conventions than of
primaries !r in the fact thai it. is
mi ch c:.siei for wire-pMilers to mani
puhuc a it u men than to manipulate
the whole people.
Before the war mon wero nomi
nated for office by the people
lb rough the papers or otherwise,
us is proposed by the primary
system, and were elected upon t';eir
merit, and not on account of their
I oliticnl combinations or supposed
Since the, war upon i ho advent of
Radicalism, conventions became
fashionable. In the Radical parly
they immediately b^camo the vehi
cles upon which the shrewdest and
most corrupt politicians iuvaiably
succeeded to ? wer. In the Demo
cratic part)' o. iirso it was different,
but still the increasing tendency to
undue influences through stock
delegates and political combinations
suggested a change- This change is
recommended by the State. Executive
Com mi It co in the primary system,
which refers the matter directly to
i he people.
Every county arranges its own
plan of conducting primaries, but the
general idea is simply this:
On a certain day before the gener
al election the polls are opened at
every precinct from sunrise to sun
set, during which time every Demo
crat goes to tho ballot box and puts
in his own vote lor bis choice for the
nominees of the party, instead of
twenty-live men clubbing together
and sending a man to the convention
to do their voting for them. The
votes are then counted in such away
as may be agreed upon, and the can
did ites receiving the majority of the
votes are declared the nominees of
Now for a cons i deration of some of
the objections raised against the sys
1st, It is argued by "A Hampton
Democrat," that it will be "the vehi
cle upon which the office-seekers arc
to ride into power "
Now I wouli like t> know if it
makes any di Acre nee with oiRee-scek
ers from whence the ollico comes.
Will the fact that the office they seek
is offered by the convention, instead
of the people, make the number of
office-seekers any smaller, or their as
in rations and intrigues less ardent? In
fact is it not probu'hle that the smal
ler vctc to manipulate, as before said,
and the greater secrecy and oppor
lui itics for wire pulling iu conven
tions, offer a more enticing field fo r
office seekers than the. people through
And again, if men will seek office
it would seem that the people, which
is the meaning of the primary System?,
is the proper "vehicle upon which"
they 'are to ride into power."
The primary plan will to.nd more
to harmony also on this score, that
defeated candidates before conven
Lions will croak ab-uU stock dele
gates manipulations &c, and become
fit subjects for bolting, hut when the
people vote them down in primaries
thwy will be compelled to see and ad
mit that they are not the pooplo's
2nd. 1 t is nrgued that in the prim
ary system the populous sections will
have an advantage over the spir
scdly settled communities.
Now who can fail to see the fallacy
of this argument V Are not all sec
tiens represented in the convention
according to population? Therefore
have not the populous sections at
least the same relative vote and
therefore the same advanlnge in the
convention as they have out of it, or
nt the primaries ? Is not the ratio
the same ?
But 1 assert that the populous sec
tions have even a greater chance of
monopolizing the offices in the con
vention than m the primaries, from
the. simple fact that in the convention
the entire delegation of a populous
section is likely to vote one way, as
the minority is left at home, while at
the primaries this minority can not so
easily be whipped into line. Tbo
danger therefore is not, as expressed,
thitl the town of Orangeburg wi11
munoptdi/e the offices iu the primary
system, but in the convention system .
The country, being able always to
out-vote the town, can very well take
care of iu-elf in the primaries, and
even get some of the town vote, but
m the convention the Court House
holds ten votes in tact and generally
enjoys the advantage of political
shrewdness in its delegation.
3d. It is argued that the people
won't turn out at Primaries, But is
it not worse on this score in the con
vention system ?
Do not Clubs frequently meet with
only ten or fifteen m n and
.-.end delegates fo the Convention
when the club list numbers over a
hundred. Eveu nt Orangeburg Court
House, where the club meets at night,
1 when the merchants and clerks are at
leisure, and almost all aro within
near walkiug distance of tho hall,
w hen the last delegation was sent to
tho convention the highest delegate
only received 34 votes out af a club
numbering over 20 h
Jn tho primary system however,
the importance of the matter, the
natural interest excited, and the
length el time the polls nre open, will
he likely to briug out a hotter pro
portional I) ( presentation, and more
a atitdaetorily reflect the voice of the
4th. A frivolous objection is made
to some oath suggested by the State
Convention. Now all such details of
arrangements aro left to the several
counties to adjust accoiding to their
wishes. Therefore this objection is
anticipated. Besides, whatever ob
ligations rest upon a Democrat in
the primaries, aic equally binding
upon him iu conventions.
5th. It is sun! that the machinery
of the primaries is too cumbersome
and expensive. I am utterly unable
to see where either the cumbersome
uesb or ?xj t use conns in. Even if
t lie managers of elections require
compensation, what is this trifling
amount iu comparison to the object
aimed at. As to the intricacy of
^machinery; because Fair field, New
berry, Willianisburg and other coun
ties that have adopted the primary
system have dinwn up their plans
with pains and legal precision, why
should this be made a bug bear ? It
would be as reasonable to refuse to
accept a tract of land because the
title-deed was too long and mono
6th. It is argued that the primary
system is dangerous before a politi
cal enemy superior in numbers. But
is not this danger greater in the con
tention system ? Tho duuger hero
alluded to is from sir: boiling oi
I defeated candidates. And is not the
convention bolter a much more for
midable adversary than the primary
bolter, because while the former goes
out with the common and plausible
I argument that he was defeated in the
convention by ring rlolegat.es, and
I that the people would reverse the
j decision, the latter cat ties the dead
I weight of being already defeated by
For the same reasons there is less
danger of bolting at all from the prim'
I arics, and therefore more hope ol
7th. It is said that it may entail
numerous election-. This i* un
necessary. It can be so hit nged that,
one primary election will suffice.
I have thus endeavored, Mr. Edi
j tor, to meet some of the objections to
the primary system, all of which I
tl it k me tin \\n tobe applicable in a
stronger degree to the convention
system. Having already trespassed
too much upon your space, 1 will
draw this article to a close by making
a brief summary of the advantages of
the primal*) over the convention sys
1st. It is more Democratic, com
ing closer to the people, and giving a
better chance for the expression of
the popular will
2nd. It is more apt to give satisfac
tinu,and keep the party together.
3rd. It presents greater obstacles
to wire-pullers, and gives them less
hop c of success.
4th, It will uk this death knkli.
None but Strnightout Democrats
stand any chan ce at primaries. Fu
sionists may as well lurl their tents. ,
Hie only hope of fusion and fusion
hits is in the convention, where prom
inent Democrats and Republicans
may form a combination and carry
out their plans by political tnanoduv
I have thus been lull and proba
bly tedious on this subject Mr. Edi
tor, from the fact that very s .on a
convention must be called for the sole
purpose of deciding this very ques
tion. On this account the clubs
should discuss the matter calmly and
fairly as very soon every Democrat
will have to make up his miud which
he will prefer, the primary or the
convention system. If he prefers
the primary system, let him vote for
primary delegates to the coming con
vention; but, if he prefers tho con
tinuance of the old convention sys
tem, then let him vote for convention
delegates. Or, what is probably a
better plan, let each dub first pass a
resolution defining its position on tho
subject, and then elect its delegates to
the convention, who, whatever may
j i l j Ii i ??Si.i ?
bo their prefereneea or opinions, wi 11
then be bound by the action of their
Pink Ghove, S. C, April 29th 1878.
Kdittir t'rangeburg Timm :
Ab we ecldom tec in your popular
columns, any intelligence from this
section, wo trust you will allow space
for a few "dottiugs."
It was the privilege of the writer to
visit, roeently, what may bo justly
considered one of the finest and most
interesting portions of this county.
It is that, known as the "Fort Mutto
section," which lies on the waters of
the San tee and Congaree river.-. It
contains some of the largest and
most fertile tracts of land in the
county; abounds in beautiful natural
scenery, and, as you are doubtless
aware, is especially rich in associa
tions connected with the pnst?even
as far back as the- Revolution. The
writer while V- ere, remembered that
be was treading on "historic
ground,'' und could but reflect upon
the many changes, which have b?en
wraugnt, within the past century, by
"Old Time" in Iiis flight. Even
Lord Rnwdon, who. it is said, slept
badly one hundred years ago, on ac
count of events, transpiring in this
and adjacent sections, might now re
pose in quiet and security tigpeci
ally, y.r. E liter, could he be ua fortu
nate aa the writer, and find shelter
under the hospitable roof, and be the
guest of Mr. Joseph Guess, who
know;' how to entertain hit- guests as
well as any other Guess that could
be guessed. It was here that the
valorous deeds of the gallant Mrs.
Rebecca Motte were performed.
After the Brittish had taken possess
ion of her new mansion, converted
her premises into a fort, and com
pelled her to retire and take refuge
in tht* house of her overseer, she
produced, and, it is said, discharged
with her own hand-, the famous
combustible arrows, which carried
terror to the hearts of the enemy,
and fire to her own dwelling, iu
which they were concealed. Noble
womau ! Can history produce an
example of purer patriotic devotion
than this fair daughter of our owu
county '/ It was at this place that
Marion, Lee and Howard dined
together. On one oeeusi n, Ta riet on
came "very near blushing" on ac
count of having horses in his possess
ion, which bad been stolen, from thi.s
section. The Geologist may find
here a productive field in which to
operate; and devotees at the shrine of
tlio beautiful and sublime, may have
all their fancies gratified. It is to he J
regretted that a region so fair and
attractive, shoul 1 ever h.iv-j been
visited by his s.itanic majesty, yet
such is unquestionnh'y true, for "The
Devil's Track" is to he seen p'ainly
imprinted on one of the largest rooks
But to return to our own section.
Our Democratic club ha; been
reorganized, under favorable circum
stances, ami we are now ready to do
the bidding of our leaders ^leisures
looking to the organization of a
colored Democratic rlub have boon
inaugurated. Perfect harmony
seems to exist among all clashes.
I Tho seeds of discord which have been
j scattered broadcast, are gradually
being rooted out, and when the pro
per time shall have come, there will
go up no uncertain sound from this
The farming interests of this com
munity, arc in a prosperous condi
tion, only we sadly feel the need of
rain. This matter, however, is in the
hands of One, wiser than we, and the
gentle and r efresbing showers, will
doubtless descend iu due season.
Intelligence has just reached ub of
the death of Dr. A. T. Darby, one of
our oldesl and most useful citizens.
These dotting are closed with best
wishes for your success.
The Managen* of Election, for the
General Election of 1870, are requested to
make out and forward AT ONCE to the
undersigned their accounts for cervices.
They are allowed $2.00 per day for actual
services, and ten cents per mile one way.
There has been a small appropriation for
the expenses of said Election.
E. A. W EB8TER.
may 14 It
Notice-Is hereby given that I have
this day appointed E. F. Aikcn De
nuty Coroner for Orange Township, and
that said appointment is duly approved of
by his Honor 1\ J. Mackej, Presiding
Judge lat. Circuit.
J. J MITCHELL,
Coroner Orangeburg County.
May 6th a. 0. 1878.
may 14 U
rled Figfi, Raisins, Nuts. Ac., sold
Cheap by A. FISCHER.
OFFICE OF COUNTY TREASURER;
Okanokiuko, S. C, April *i7tli 1878.
In accordance with the Act of
Atwombly No. 499 approved March 22d
1S78, my Hooks: will he open for the collec
tions of Taxes for the fiscal year commen
cing November 1 ?t 1877, from the first day
of May 1878 to the first day of June 1878.
The rates of Taxation nre as fullowa:
For State purposes, 4J mill* on all
For past Indebtedness of Schools, 1 mill
on alt Tux able properly.
Fur past Indebtedness ofCotmty, 1 mill
on all Taxable property.
For ordinary County purposes, ?') mills
on all Taxable properly.
For support of Public Schoola, 2 mills on
it 11 Taxable property.
For I 'tit 1 Tax, One Dollar on each
l ax able Poll.
Office hour.-, from 9 A. M. to 3 P. M.
Treasurer Orangeburg County.
OFFICE OF COUNTY TREASURER,
Obakoedvbo S. C, April '27th 1878.
In accordance witli instructions from the
Hoard of Equalization, I will he at tho
following named places for the collection
of Tuxes for the lineal year commencing
November 1st 1877, on the dates ?et oppo
site the name of each place .
At Orangeburg Court HnuacMay 1st, 2d,
3d, 4th, mil, 7th, 13th, 17th, 18th, 2lih,
25th, 30th and ."1st.
Kovesville, Wednesday May 8th.
; Rranchville, Thursday May Ulli.
1 Lcwisville, Fiiday May 10th.
Fort Motte. Saturday May 1 lilt.
1 Cedar Grove, Tuesday May 14tIi.
i Easier! in's, Wednesday May l?th.
Fehler'*, Monday May 20:h.
.). II. Fehlers, Tuesday May 2litt
A finger's, Wednesday May 22nd.
Club House, Thursday May 23rd.
Zciglcr'a, Monday May 27th.
KnotW Mill, Tuesday May 23th
It. S. Gl cat on's Store, Wednesday May
Office bourn from 0 A. M. In 3 Pi M.
Treasurer Orangeburg t'cunty.
may 1 "Jt
Ukao ( Jl'aktkrs Of Skcu.M" llutOAim,
So. Ca., Voi.cn i kkii fvrvric Tnuora,
P.AMHKlt?. S. 21?, April. 1?7S.
Special Orders No. 4, Serie* ?f ls7S.
1. It i* desirable that the Cotlipanici* in
Orangeburg County belonging to d:i* brig
ade he formed into u Ha'tin ion --r Kegi
ricnt. Mid licit tin election he had for field
officer* of same at tin- earlicl period pr.ie*
The Commanding officer of euch oftaM
Companies will, therefore, report to tht-se
Head (Quarters, on or before the lifn-inth day
of May. 1*78, the name of his Company,
the date of his < 'outmission, his post olK?o
address, and a full and complete roster of
the officers and nu n in hi- command.
P.y or.hr Hug. Cell- HAMKKlta.
ANIVC. DIBBLE, fjm"
A. A. G.,20th Brig V.H. O.
in iv 4 3t
MAatliood I How l.o*?. How
'it .I'i-t published, p new edit inn
3?*wv4*j^of l?r. i'nlvcrwelrH Celebrated
bSEHeSI 1'^:' on the rwlicd cur? (wilh
out iiitilichie) .of Spermaiort hiKn or .Vnni
ii.il weakness, involuntary Seminal lo???c?p
Impotcncy, Mental ami physical incapacity,
Impediments to marriage, clc ; also, Con
sumption, Epilepsy ami Kit*, induce] by
Rclf-inditlgencc or sexual extravagance, Av.
SKJjf" Price, in a sealed envelope, onlr
Tlie celebrated author, in this ndmiruble
F.-say, den I v dctiinti-trrite<?, from a thirty
year-' successful practice, that the ahinuiug
consequences of self-abuse may be radically
cured without the dangerous use of internal
medicine or the application of the knife;
pointing out n much'of cure at once simple,
certain, and effiictual, by mean* of which
;very sullcrer, no matter what Iih condition
may he. may cure himself cheaply, and
t?3g~ This Lecture should be in the
Hinds of every youth and every man in tho
Sent under se il, in a plain envelop*, to
any address, pott paid, on reeciptofsix
EClltN or two postage stamps.
Address the Puhlisliers,
TH E BULVERWELL MEDIC IL CO.,
41 Ann St., New York; Post Office-Bex, 45S?L
may 4 ly
AdiitiuiMf rntor'M Notice.?AH
persons indebted to the Instate of Dan
iel Rilcy, deceased, will make immediate
pay men;; and all persons holding claims
against said Eft tale will present the same for
payment to the undersigned on or before
the firs: day of January next or they will
be debarred payment.
O H R1LEY,
.1 KI I K IT UILEY,
apl 27?3t I'ualilied Administrator*
"forestclen a cca de&y.
? BOARDING, HIOU SCHOOL
FOB BOTH SEXES.
Foreiit Glen Academy i? hituated on tho
daily stage line between Durant and Lex
ington, about four niiloH from theeele
brated Cast ill inn Spring?.
This is one ofthe cheapest institution* of
its grade in the South.
Young men are here given a thorough
business education, or prepared for the
senior clauses of our leading College?.
Young ladies are prepared for tho
graduating clashes of our highest Female
The Latin and Greek pronunciation Is
that of the principal Universitiefl an*
Colleges, both of Europe and America.
Location healthy. Discipline mild,
but firm. Roth board and tuition, very
For further imformation atldreat
P. W. CORK, Principal;
api'l 27 it
wy& ??.fto. Orer tooIMmtN?msltl*?"
tr.fll 1|'U vnatri. tfe.SuppljCo N?ifr>l)!?.T?s*
. aprM 27