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THE OltANGEHMlG TIMES.
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FK1I > A Y f?CT?li K K 17,1079.
Tarty is an organization or combi
nation of men, who, although they
differ ou minor points, concur on the
main principles, and unite for the
achievement of great ends, which
could not bo accomplished individu
ally. That it is an evil will hardly
bo denied; but it seems to bo an evil
necessary to our political surround
ingfi, and conipsnsates iu a great
measure by its results. Under its
existence our freedom of action is
necessarily curtailed, and individu
ality is, to some extcut, impaired.
But what we lose iu freedom wo
gain in strength.
It is best, also, in a uational view,
that there should be two or more
parties, for they act as a cheek upou
each other aud thereby promote
But it may be asked, to what ex
tent may our individuality be cir
cumscribed or hampered by party.
We answer that fidelity to princi
ple and a desire for the public good
should prompt us to sutler many in
conveniences and even wrongs.
There is, of course, a principle that
rises higher than party, and that is a
sense of truth, right aud justice.
When this is violated our individu
al ity must re assert itself We must
not do wrong for the world. But
c\ui iu such cases tho overleaping of
the party lines is seldom necessary .
The bold, independent aud defiant
assertiou of the right within the part)
lines will bo apt to mould public
opinion iu the right direction iu tho
True men can never bacoina pup -
pets. They will mould the opinions o f
their generation, aud will never sur
render principle o.- iudepen le:ic-2.
The man who never thinks for
himself, but is ready to follow any
leader who happens to be iu high
position, is a miserable sycophant; an d
?worse still is the man who cringes to
power for private gain or the propen
sity to go with the tide.
Independence is what is wanted,
aud instead of destroying, it will
purify aud establish party upou a
more exalted an enduring basis.
Our great curse is,that tho majority
of men don't think for themselves,
but blindly follow party leaders.
We have been favored by a friend
with a copy of the speech of this
adi ml Bcpublicnu politician at the
Academy of Music in Brooklyn last
week. Henry Ward Beecher and
Bcv. W. W. Hicks, who was made so
much of in Charleston a few years
ngo, also spoke.
Conkliug made a telling speech,
and was smnit enough to put bis side
in a very favorable light, but Mr.
Eumar'a opinion of Iiis lack of
veracity seems to be verified by most
of bis asse- lions.
Mr. Conk ling pays: "When the
war was over the Nation displayed
the most marvellous, tho grandost
magnanimity in history."
This is a libel upon i.be nations of
the earth. The South never asked
anything and was willing to be treat
ed as a conquered province.
But where was tho boasted magna
Instead of this the nation did every
thing in its power to humiliate and
degrade its prisoners of war, t he
South. The reconstruction acts show
that, for by them we wero placed
under the basest scoundrels, who
preyed upon our very vitals and
brought us to the brink of ruin. Mr
Conkliug'a expressions in his speech
of a sincere desire for the prosperity
of the South are, therefore, nothing
more than bald hypocrisy. Aguiu.ducs
Mr. Conkling call it magnanimity to
deprive the old veterans of the South
of their pension* who fought the bat
tics of J812, and spilt their biood
and treasure for the Union ?
-J ?? ? ?_._'_.. I
Mr. Conkling also boasts of the
clemency of the government in pun
ishing nobody for treason, and
gives vent to his ire because Jefferson
Davis refuses to ask for a pat don.
This wo call very conveuient "cle
mency." Hon. Jetferson Davis
pressed his claim for a trial, and
desired if he was guilty of treason to
be punished to the extent of the law;
but the United States Government,
knowing it could not make out a case,
backed down. So much for Mr.
Conk lingo' ''national e'etnency. '
We acknowledge that we were a
couquered people and had nothing to
expect, but we want the truth to be
There is much more in Mr. Conk
ling's speech wo could speak of, but
it is not'worth the powder.
Those Hound Pups.
Mi. J. T. Butler of Edgefield is
exhibiting a pnek of hounds in Hide
Park New York to show iheir thor
ough training and com plete subjec
tion to his will.
He says his object is to make
enough money to pay his traveling
expenses, and prove to the people of
tl e North that these blco houndr, of
which so much has 1 < en raid, will
catch or tree runaway .vithout doing
any injury to them.
It is very certain that the South
owes no thanks to Mr. Butler Tor
championing their cause by such ex
hibitions. He is only giving force to
a pi? Iure so easily drawn in the fer
tilo und imaginative minds of the
people of the North, who are so ready
to believe evil of us, and is suggesting
a very acceptable campaigu argu
ment for Republican politicians.
The South needs no vindication ou
this source. Hunting fugitives with
dogs was rarely heard of. Our people
as a class frowned down all cruelty
to slaves. The best proof of this is
the fact that in 1854 under Gov.
Manning's administration two white
men, Motley and Blacklelgo, were
hung at Walterboro' for hunting
down aud killing a slave in this way.
But the North will find it conveni
ent to take a different view, and their
imagination will be stimulated by
Mr. Bulter's exhibition.
It matters not that he represents
nothing but himself, an idle enthusi
ast, bent on a little sport an I gain.
His pastime will be taken as an indi
cation of Southern taste, aud will be
construed to our damage.
For the good of our people we with
that such men would always stay at
home, or at least keep their pups
Kforc about the Coal mines.
The Augusta "Evening News" of
Saturday contains a letter from Maj.
A. H. McLaws, who has been mak
ing practical investigations iuto the
usefulness of tho coal found by Prof.
Bibikov in Richmond County Geor
gia. He gives the result of his in
vestigations in the following lan
"It burns well in stoves and open
grates, with no more kindling than is
required for hard coal.
it needs no qu cker repluuishing
than other coal, and makes a good
j It will not do for blacksmit h's
Very soon it will be tested as a gas
coal, and by the Georgia Railroad.
I learn from the best authority
that it's the same kind as is used by
the railroads in Colorado and other
Several of our citizens state that it
is identical with that used in South
It appears from the above that
Prof. Bibikov has really made a valu
able disco\ery; and the laugh is, very
agreeably for us, turning upon those
who ridiculed him, for the lignites
are also iu South Carolina as well as
Georgia, and may, in view of the re
cent discoveries, become a source of
incalculable wealth to us.
I.rfst the investigation be encourag
ed by all means.
The greatest commentary upon
free government iu America is the
complacence with which the great
papers of die country speak of a
political cause being lost or gained
according us "material aid" is given
or withheld. Especially do we hoar
these reports about Ohio, New York
and other Northern States.
The "mutetial aid," or in plainer
parlance, (he money, seems to he
Such is our boasted self-govern
ment. And so long as the masses are
not lifted from their moral depravit
we cue h ardly expect any thing else
than the dominion of the money
Ab long as any considerable ele
ment of the country can be bought
and sold, self-government will be to
such an extent at least, a farce.
Enough has boon beard from this
State to show that the clectiou there
on Tuesday bus gone against the
The whole truth is, the Hcjniblican
cry of the "Solid South" is mMtiug a
"Solid North." Parties are given
such a section al caste that priu\:iples
Still, Ohio is always regarded as a
Republican State, and there is no
cause for despair.
We must look now to New York,
and if Tildon carries that in opposi
tion to Kellyism,we will be lifted out
ot the bog.
? SoThT South.
The level-headed, outspoken editor
of the Orangeburg Times has got hold
of the right end of tho ' South and
the Presidency," in its relations to,
and bearings upou, a "Solid South."
Ever since the war we have been
making blunders and prejudicing our
interests by a too active participation
in national politics. La us take care
of our own State government, and
leave President-making to those
States that have the votes to elect
him, independent of our dictation and
boasts of a '-Solid South.''?Palmetto
Sy nopsis of Grand Jury Report.
Much of this Report which was
presented to the Court on Wednesday
is de\oted to the condition of the
Roads aud Bridges in the County,
which have in many cases been ob
structed by private individuals.
R. V. Michael Esq., has been pre
sented for obstructing a Road in
Union Township, leading it.to tho
Binnaker's Bridge Road.
The Hol man Bridge Road is repre
sented as having no footway on the
cauecway, and the water n said to be
knee deep at ordinary limes.
All the roads in the Fork of Ed is to
nre represented to be sadly in need of
Jcffcoat's Bridge has never been
repaired and the plea is no money.
Mr. Thomas Cartmill has been
presented for obstructing a road from
lhe"96" Road to Davis* Bridge.
The part of the road leading from
Barnwell to Columbia, near the New
Bridge, is represented to bo in an im
For all of these complaints the
County Commissioners are presented.
The excuse rendered is the want of
the toor house
Is represented as "a disgrace to our
civilization." It is too small, and
badly furnished. Eight paupers
have been provided for inside, aud
twenty-eight outside of this bouse at
I a cost of $1083 79.
I "the county commissioner's office,
I We found in some appareut con
"tue county finances,
We f< und to be iu a dreadful condi
tion. The buck indebtedness is
estimated at about 820,000,*' with
only $1500 incoming to pay it. "The
credit of the County is at zero."
"the school commissioner's office,
We found luirly kept, though we
noticed specimens of spelling posted
on the School Commissioner's door,
and in bis books, which do not relleet
credit upon those having the charge
of tho educational interests of our
We found wed kept aud clean."
the clerk of court's office
Needs better arrangements and furni
Till-: COUHT HOUSE.
The condition of this building is
complained of. The plastering is
represented as in a dangerous state,
and, it is feared might be guilty of
the''high contempt*- uffalliuj during
Better furniture forth-) Court room
and arrangements for the protection
of the shade trees around the buildiug
The Report concludes with con
gratulations to tho community for
"the manifest diminution of crime,"
j and thanks to the Judge for unifon?
kindness snd courtesy extended to all
1 in the discharge of his duties.
For the Orangeburg Times.
1 hinge at BranchviUe.
A Live Tewn.
I will write you a few lines to show
you that BranchviUe is alive. I sec
a letter signed "Vox" in tho last issuo
of your neighbor, and am glad that
somebody has opened the bal! to show
our sister towns and country neigh
bors that BranchviUe is still living,
notwithstanding some drawbacks.
The passage across the river at Fits'
Bridge has been stopped for several
daye just at the time that the cotton
market was iu full blaze. But now
we c'9 glad to say the bridge is re
poCed in good order on tho Baruwell
side, and the Ferry is in running
order at Tucker's, which gives our
town a good trade from lower Barn
well and upper Colloton Counties
These sections which have made lair
corn and cotton crops, and are bow
being blessed with pork and turnips,
add much to our material prosperity.
I can corroborate, Mr. Edt tor,
what "Vox" has said about the im
provements of our town, especially
about tho painting done by Mr.
Mitchel and others, which has added
much to our appearance.
Mr. J. D Kboads' busiuess house
however is not painted, but we bclio ve
this is all it lacks?for judging by the
buggies, carts and wagons daily to be
seen around bis door, w ith the free
meals he furnishes his customes and
the high price he pays for cotton, he
must be doing a booming business.
Now Mr. Editor, if you could stop
here awhile and hear the whistle of
Smoake's and Byrds* steam mill
constantly at work, and see tho rice
*beater and pearler with the complete
liming mill iu process of establish
mcut, you would concur with me
that BranchviUe is alive
'j he merchants are all doing well :
Dukes leads; Loryea well up; Myers
firm as a rock; Bruce up to the mark;
Two drugstores are making money,
and withal accommodating to every
Dr. Crura is fixing up the people's
teeth in pretty style; and we can
boast of having the most gentlemanly
and accommodating Ageut at the
I must not omit our German mer
chants and friends who are doing
well, viz :
Mr. L. Pearlstine near the R. R.
Hotel; Mr. Wolfe Pearlstine merch
ant and watchmaker; and Mr. Jake
Kerish, who is putting up a large
store and dwelling house.
Please, Mr. Editor, publish these
items in your valuable paper, which I
suppose goes to every household in
the County, for if it does not, I know
it ought to.
Information having reached my ears, that
there in in circulation a repor t to the effect
that I have been cheated or defrauded out
of live hundred dollars by L. S. Connor, iu
a certain Heal Estate transaction, and know
ing the name to be untrue, therefore I take
tlii:. method of informing the public that
the K?me is n wilful and malicious lie, ai in
all business transactions that I have had
with L* 8. Connors he has acted honestly
A. B. GRIFFITH.
STATE OF SOUTH CAKOLINIA
COUNTV Of OsANOEUl'ItO?In the Common
D. Ellison Hart and other*.,
James L. Ft. Oil more and other*.
Complaint for partition.
Pursuant loan order of the Court of Com
mon Pleas, 1 will nell on Monday 3rd of
November next, before the Court Hnus?,
within the legal bourn, all that tract of
land in the County and State aforesaid
devised by William Hart deceased, to hin
wife Irene, (new al o deceased,) for her life,
with remainder to herchildrcu. Said tract
contain" 300 acres of the homestead, and is
bounded North by lands of Mrs. (Jilmore,
Fast by lam!* of Mrs. E. C. Myern and
South and West by lands of Ira K. Hart.
Conditions Caan. Purchasers to pay for
title and necessary expenses.
T. W. o LOY Kit,
Master's Office, Oct. 13th 1879.
oct 17 3t
OFFICE OF CO. COM MISSION ER'S,
Orangeburg,S.C., Oct. (ith 1*79.
The annual meeting of the Board of
County ' oiinuiKsioiiers will be held on the
first Tuesday after ttio first Monday in
AH persona having elaims against the
County which have not heretofore been
presented will tile the same with the Clerk
of the Hoard on or before the first day of
T. R. MA LONE,
Clerk Hoard Co. Corn., O. 0.
Mm. J- Oakman, having occupied the
COmttM ?*5iui:sjj fvidenca of ('apt. F. Ii. W
Briftgrnann on Amelia street, will accom
modate a fan Hoarders. Kates rsaooanblo
and satisfaction guaranteed.
SOMETHING NEW J
In addition to the LARGE and Elegantly assorted stock of
Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes, Hats, &c.
Also GROCERIES of the BEST QUALITY, Cheaper
than they can be bougbt any where else. The FINEST and BEST Stock of
Whiskies, Brandy, Wines, Gin, Rum, Ac,
The PRICES of which has just been REDUCED 25 to 50 eta. per gallon.
D. E, SMOAK & CO.'S
To be fund between < harleston and Columbia. If you are in need of a
Suit at any price, Pants, Coat or Vest. Don't fail to see them before
Just received 150 barrels FIjOITR which will be sold cheap
ER than the tame quality can be bought in Charleston, to make room for
200 barrels to be iu first November.
Best RUST PROOF WHEAT and OATS on hand.
B. E. SMOAK & CO,
? ^ f CD O
Kj B | S ???
O 3 ^ _ S
s> bd 3 c-> ?
E O go"
t?j ? *
ALSO AGENT for the CELEBRATED
American and White Sewing Machines
NEXT DOOR TO?CORNELSON'S.
GEO. H. CORNELSON
I would respectfully bring to the attention of tho Public that I ara novr
Just bought and now OPENING" which will be S0XsS$ at
PRICES inat will DEFY ?U
As it would require too much space to enumerate all the
which can he secured now, Everybody is especially requested to come and
see for themselves. Respectfully vours,
_ GEO. 1?. COHNELSON.
LOOK BEFORE YOU LEAP!!!
ISxnmine T3efore i>iiving TClsewhero
AT OAPT BHIOGMANN'S OI,r> STAND
Fancy Baker end Candy Manufacturer.
Ke^ps positively the Fincsi ami Largest assortment of Cmfectionory
at Wholesale and Retail for the very Lowest Prices.
A Fresh Stock of Groceries and Canned Goods of all kinds will be
Bold at a Small Advance on cost price.
The Best Brands of Flour, the Finest Cigars and Tobaccos and'Fruits.
Zf 55.c!l?* S Airnishcd with Hot Cbfita arn Heals af. So^r Sg?fes.
Orden for Wedding Cakes and Supplies for Cakes a specialty.
f JOSEPH EROS