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THE OH ANGEBURG TIMES.
ISSUED KVEUY FHIDAY MORNINO
MKIdd<:ilAMP& KMYAUUS. Proprietors.
STILES II. MELLICH AMT Editor.
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the viewB or opinions of our Correspond
FRIDAY, FEBUARY~! 3. i880. ~
The Nobiiily of Lubor.
In the early nges of ihc woild the
laborer was held in low estimation,
and given the most degraded position
hi the scale of humanity. The feu
dal lord Iron ted his serfs and vassals
as inferiors in ? very respect, and they
?were made subject, in every way , to
bis will. And, unfortunately, oven in
the present day, such ideas arc linger
ing amongst us.
But it is it cheering sign that a vast
improvement is gradually taking
place in this rcsptcL As the minds
of men become more expanded things
appear in their true light and broader
and more correct views rue held on
The truth is that tho true lord is
the laborer. Iiis hard labor and
caincst toil moves the world. His
brawny arm and sunburnt face are
better badges of honor than the
crowns of princes. It is a cheering
fact, that honest labor no longer de
grades one in the eyes of those whose
esteem is worth having. Tho station
no longer makes the man, but the
man ihc station
Not is labor alono ennobling, but
it is self satisfying. The ruddy
checks, the strong muscle, and the
sweet rest of the honest toiler are
blessings ibr which millionaires would
.gue their treasures, and kings even
CO l (Oil itlillH.
The information acquired by a
? stall'correspondent of the Ken s ami
'Courier in reference to Cotton Mills
'in Carolina, and published in that
[paper on Tuesday is valuable and
?encouraging to our people.
From a review of the subject made
by the editor, we make a few quota
tions which we hope may stir the
citizens of Orangeburg County on this
matter. We have heard the frequent
cry that investments in factories don't
pay, but we think the Jesuits of the
investigation prove to the contrary.
"The 17 cotton factories in South
Carolina have a capital of $2,288,
COO. They have passed through
a period of depressions which the
whole country has know n, and are
now enjoying the benefits of a reviv
al of business. But it is a remark
able circumstance, bearing out all
that we claim as to the superior ad
vantage of a cotton producing .State
for manufacturing purposes, that they
have bteadily made money, and that,
despite the shrinkage of values and
the lower cost of machinery, every
dollar invested in them as capital is
now worth more than a dollar and a
quarter. In other words, their capital
of two million and n quarter of dollars
is represented to day by property
which is worth, at the actual market
rate, nearly three millions of dollars.
The profits of the factories, exclud
ing the Westminister Mill, where the
Clement Attachment is used, have
ranged from 18 to per cent, it year
upon the capital employed. This
has been accomplished under most
unfavoinblc circumstances "
The above shows the value of such
investments to individual capitalists.
18 to 25 per cent, is as good interest
nu any one could expect on his capi
tab l>ut the advantage in building
up the Slate und puttiug us on an
equality in material prospects with
the Northern manufacturing States
are of greater C'Jticcrn to the public.
It is known that the raw material is
now worth about 10 cents, but after
it id converted into yarn it will bo
worth 22 cents per pound. The
seventeen factories consume in South
Carolina about bMJOOO bales of cotton
at 10 cents it pound; this is worth
about $1,621,000 in tho raw state. In
yarns or manufactured material the
game would be .vorth about $3, )0o,?
000. This shows how much addition
al wealth factories give to tho State;
and in building up the State of course
we build up the individuals compos
ing the State.
In Iho language of the News and
"Cotton manufacturing in South
Carolina, without in any way affect
ing the profits of the producer, will
make fortunes and build up large
cities and thriving towns, with happy
and intelligent populations, in this
State, instead of giving these things,
at the expense of the South, to the
people of New England."
It is said that temporary exemption
from taxation has been of great hone
I fit to the factories. We think it
would he the height of folly for the
State to tax those enterprises for
I many years to come, because it is in
this way that the wealth of the State
is increased, and increased wealth
j will give increased revenue.
If wo would think less of politics,
and ?'o more Io increase our wealth
as a people, we would do greater ser
vice to our country. Wealth brings
everything else in its train.
Gov. Simpson has sent a message to
i the Legislature urging the passage of
a registration law. lie says nothing
of ihc cdutatiotnl qualification pro
posed by the Neics and Courier. As
far as can he judged from present in
dications the sentiment of the mem
bers seems to be against this qualifi
cation. It is likely therefore, if any
action at all is taken in the matter, it
will be nothing more than the passage
of a plain registration law, and such
action we think very necessary if
fair and honest elections arc desired.
'1 lie IjCgiM.adiri'.
This body is. now in session, but as
yet tin definite action has been taken
as to the errors in the Supply Bill.
Bills are coining in as lagt hs hail
stones, but there seems to be a dispo
sition to finish the business and come
home. As soon as the Supply Bill is
rectified we suppose the Registration
Bill and otlur matters will be dis
-mmm ? "O. ?
Gen. M. W. Gary was serenaded at
the Charleston Hotel on last Friday
night by the citizens of C harleston.
At the appointed hour a largo con
course of people assembled to bear
this distinguished representative of
Kdgefield. About <S o'clock nficr the
Helicon Band had dispensed t In
most inspiring music tho tall form
of the "Old Bald Eagle" appeared
leaning on the arm of AI tier man
White. He discoursed eloquently
amiably lot about an hour on tjues
lions of finance and education, and was
tre.picnily and loudly applauded. He
made no allusion whatever to the
difficulties between himself and Sena
tor Hampton, except saying that he
had borne a great deal of ruisieprdi
lation for the good of the party, and
was willing to bear more*
His speech was regarded as mode
rate, and was well received. He was
followed by Speaker SUsppiU'd and
Col. Farley in short addresses.
General 11. G. Wortliington,
the notorious carpet-bagger, whose
name is so familiar in these parts,
baa turned up in Washington and is
writing a secret history ot reconstruc
tion ili South Carolina. Here is one
sentence of his philiipic on Honest
.lohn Patterson :
"He is the foulest and blackest
cliaiacter iu all human experience or
contemplation,and is as false as Pro
teus, as treacherous as Ingo, as cow
nrdly as C)mbclit.e, us avaricious as
Sltyleck, n-j mendacious as Annanias,
as treasonable us Benedict Arnold, as
leeheious as Frank Moses,"
Now if, in turn, Patten on will
write up Worthiugton, and Cor hin
will write up .Moses, and Moses will
write up Corbin, and Cor bin, Cham
berlain, wo will have a rich ami racy
book, and we warrant it will sell
The boys in Charleston sent a pe
tition to the City Council praying a
withdrawal of the proclamation of (he
Mayor prohibiting the running of
velocipedes on the streets An ani
mated discussion ensued, participated
in by the Mayor and several mem
bers of Council, and the rights of tho
boys were thoroughly weighed. Fi
nally the nuttier was left to the May
or who promised to give the boys a
fair showing, ami allow them to use
their ve'oc pi des, if they would not
run races < n the principal thorough
Gen. Giant has come down from
his high horsn. Ho insists no longer
on a unanimous nomination, but j
will t?ke it, like any other man, if ho ]
can get it. J
I' orUctf ITuhIic?!
Fork of Kdisto, Feb. 10, 18S0.
Editor (>ru!Kjtbur) Times:
"The Midnight Lino" entirely mis
represented me in your last week's
issue 1 did not nB.sume to speak ibr
tho Legislature, although that body
i3 not infallible, and should bespok
en of or for whenever it commits an
orror, or omits to pass the best laws
lor tho people. 1 did not say that
"Trial Justices were a nuisance," al
though I believo in some instances
they are. I did not then repudiate
them universally, although I do bo
now. What I did say and here
reiterate, was that we get along bettor !
without them than with them. Wheu |
1 used tho personal pronoun "wo" I
used it in reference, more particu
larly to this locality. If however my
knowledge and observation count lor
anything, the masses of the people of
the whole Ft rk, both white ami
colored, do not want any Trial Jus
tices at all, in the Fork at least. It
cannot be inferred from this that the
people "desire to rid the State of law
courts, jails, penitentiaries etc," un
less a vivid imagination such as, "Tho
Midnight Id no" has perhaps, should
constitute Trial Justices all of these.
We have always found that the
farther removed Trial .1 us!ices were
fiotn us the better it was for in Such
has been the experience of th is Town -
ship at all events. Within a cir
cuniference of live, or six miles of
every Trial Justice there has always
been more or less useless acd harm
ful litigation. Not so muc h amongst
the whites as the blacks. The color
ed people in the County, as a class are
uneducated, and given to petty jeal
ousies ami feuds amongst themselves.
They do not comprehend or appre
ciate the. Ioms of iiin.0 and baneful in
fluencesattendant upon courts of law.
They do not uiiilerstand that uo mat
ter who gains or loses the legal point,
is a loser anyhow. They do not
understand that the law should be a
I dernier report to settle all cases which
j cannot possibly be settled otherwise.
I They are easily tempted. We all
can be tempted?if wc could not, why
did our Savior pray "lead u.s not into
temptation." A dispute arises in the
neighborhood about some trivial m*tt
ter; criminations and recriminations
' follow. A Trial Justice being near
! at band the ng: rieved \ arty repairs to
; him, lodges his complaint, and a ca.-?e
j is made out. There are perhaps a
j dozen sympathizers on cither side in
the shape of family connections, and
as many more witnesses. A day is
appointed for trial, perhaps a week
ahead. The constable rides around
several days summons ng jurymen
and witnesses. There is a great ?Iis
play of trumpets. In the mean time
demoralization runs riot throughout
the neighborhood. The shovel and
the hue are laid down. The day ar
rives. The court dons her ermine, or
t in the absence of.the real loya, uses
I pingiuattc airs as a substitute. The
trial comes off, and a great deal of
hard swearing is done. The jury re
turn their verdict?one dollar's dam
ages and costs of the court, perhaps
twenty or thirty dollars A great
deal of time has been consumed?a
great deal of farm work left undone.
There has been much ado about noth
ing, and why ? All because l'eter
cursed John, which you know was
I very w.cked in l'eter, and he should
not have done so.
We do not object to I rial Justices
simply because they are Trial Justices.
We onjeet to them oil account of the
oflices which they perform. They are
allowed too much latitude He want
no law court with jurisdiction to try
any case a single whit nearer than
the Court House. Without assuming
to speak lor the Legislature and
thereby offending "Tho Midnight
Line," I would suggest an Inferior
Court to bo held monthly, at the
Court House, presided over by a I'is
did Judge. This would obviate the
necessity lur Trial Justit es, und miti
gate the letnpta ions anil facilities for
litigation. It would no doubt save
many a tlo'lar to the State, the farm
er, merchant, doctor, and all.
The jet ring suggestion about send
ing me tu the next Legislature has
la-en noted ami thankfully roceived,
When it becomes necessary to pun
ish in; for iuv lu-sdeeds I hope ihe
' people will be more lenient than to
send me to such a place to piopitiate
I do not know ' The Midnight.
Line"?ha\o had no clue as to who
he is. but there is an old adage which
savs something about shakes' taiU,
and I w ill venture the assertion, from
what little 1 have seen of his, that he
cither is or has been a Trial Justice,
and I challenge him to deuy tho
g cntlo accusation.
Butterick Patterns?New Styles.
White Shuttle Sewing* Machine
AH pursoos having claims against the
Estate ?>i" VV*. H. (ilovei deceased, will pre
sent the miiio properly attested, and thoi*e
Indebted to said Kalatv will make payment
J. II. HOOK",
Jannarv 2J/th 18S0.
feh i) ' 2
Sout )i CatrolLn;* Hail Ro:i,<l '
CHANQB OF KCDPnfl.r.
On and after Nov. SOth. 1870. Passenger
Train* on this Road will ran an follow* :
(till farther orders.)
Leave Columbia at.-t 1'? P M.
Arrive at Camden at.M 1* "
Lcare Orangoburg.r> 10 "
Ar rivo at Charleston.9 SO "
Leave Charleston at. 7 Ol A M.
heave Oraugehurg at. 0 f?S ?'
Leave Caniden at. 7 00 ?'
Arrire at Colnmhia at.11 .r>0 "
Way Freight and Passsoger Trains.
* Leave Colnmhia. ? .10 A M
Arriv-t at Cainden. 1 ?'?> P M
Leave Orangeburg.'??17 A M
ft reheat ? narlesini*. 2 15 P M
*#J-cavc Charleston. 'j 00 A M
Augusta. s no
" Oraiigelmrg. 1 17 P M
Arrive at Columbia. 3 It7 "
5 f" Passengers leaving Colnmhia or'f'har
leston on these trains have to change com
at P.rntichvillc to reach Charleston at 2 1">
p m oi Columbia at ?"> :'7 p in.
Night Express Train,
Glli KU# LAST
Leave Columbia. 9 30 P M
?? Orangeburg. 1 20 A M
Arrive at Atij^u ta . S '.'."> **j
" Charhstu:i. ? oO "
Leave Charleston. U 00 P M
" Augusta. 7 40 "
" Orangeburg. 2 48 A M
Arrive at Columbia. ti 50 "
New York Express
Leave Orangeburg .-. 5 17 A M
Arrive at Augusta.- 9 24 '?
Leave Augusta. 4 OD P M
Arrive at Orangeburg. 9 67 "
Tbc uight Express Train? will run daily.
AM other trains will run daily except Sun
days. Sleeping Cars are attached to Night
Express. Iterths ouly $1 GO to Charleston
or Augusta. This train makes sure con
nections at Charleston with New York and
IL.Itimore Steamers on Wednesdays and
Saturdays, also with Florida Steamers on
Tuesdays and Saturday*, aL-o with 7 a ni
I tram S \ C Hail road for Savannah and
Morula Points. Connections made by
other trains at Augusta with train** from and
to that point, also with all Iraius from and
to Charleston. 1) C ALLEN,
ti P A T A.
JOHN R PECK, (uiural Supt.
A JJ L>tSACS.Sl'KE, Agt Columbia,
I will reoo'iTO on Sunday Fob. 1st
IM ill ti I no keep ooiiMtanilj on
hand, during the Season, a well aeloct
? ted stock of IK) KS ICS ami MULES at
PKICKS lo Sllil the times.
Thoso needing STUCK; will do well H>
MY STA BT,KS
CINCINNATI I'll E A TO N S
and UUCKilES, alway* on hand.
B, Franli Sin fcer.
nov 'I \ .r>m
A [louse with J Uooms and Itaacment
with fire Places Piax/.a with a large Lot
.'?7 ft. Front by :t(k> ft. deep; fioming <>n 3
streets; hoalthy locution. Tonus easy.
T. C. Ill"ItUi;Lb, Auctioneer.
<? R \ I'lOS
The undersigned nflers "o the public gen
erally * ?N K THOUSAND *\ RA PK V1 N KM,
a lai?*e number of choice fruit trees, and a
cl nice lot of flowers < f every variety.
Also, will make up find arrange Flower
Hardens. All of the above warranted to
ive satisfaction,, or no pay required.
Jan.V If A. J'n'llPAK.
PLOW STOCKS, PLOWS, HOES, SHOVELS, SPADES, Sec.
And a complete Stock of
TT A T)T?\F A T>17 OUN3. PISTOI? CUTLERY. roWDKR
Xl.i\.lvlJ >T xVLvl% SHOT, CAPS, CARTRIDGES, *c.
fi>?y- All of the above GOODS n il! he sold nt OLD PRICES notwiiliHtandinj: the
recent ADVANCE on all articles in tin? :inovc line.
The Light Pwiinning Remington Sewig Machiia
The REST ana thof-IlKAPEST Setrin? Machin. manufacture*!.
of all kiuc?a in my line done at the shortcut poiwilde notic?.
i.? I6; nm. P. G. CANNON.
GEO. H. (ORNELSON
The 1*N1)KUSIG> KI) would r*?pectfulhr inform the Pl'HLIC that he in every day
rt 'c'w lug
To hi< alreatlv LARGE STOCK, in a'l the tlitTerent HRAXCIIES. anil tliat the same
I will he disposed of at huidd ??.MOTTO." ''LA ROE S A LI'S and SJALL PROFITS."
1 am ti'iht receiving now and ha vain Storo, thu following popular RRAND8 of
ETI WAN GUANO, ATLANTIC FERTILIZER, ATLANTIC ACID,
KAM IT or POTASH SALT
Whirh will beaoM at LOWEST PRICK*.
I have also he?ii appointed .IGENT for
J. li\ ,A very's & Sons, Louisville, Ky.
(The LARGEST PLOW and WAGON MANUFACTORY i? the
World) and hare received a lot of their 0.5 K, TWO :ind THREE HORSE WAGONS,
aho PLOWS. Give nte a call and see lor vourvclrc?.
C?KO. II. CORXELSON.
.A CHANGE ]
Tlic undersigned would Respectful
ly inform ihe citizens of this mid
adjoining Counties,that he has given
up merchandizing in order to give
his wl ole attention to
Will arrive the coming week a
large lot of line Harness and Saddle
HORSES which will he offered at
very reasonable prices.
Having many years experience in
the above business I feel confident of
giving full satisfaction to every ono
who favors ine with their patronage.
W. M. SAIN,
At the Old Stand.
A UCTIOX K K K 8 5 <? ,
T. (\ 3IUBBKI \i
Wild. ATI KM) TO THK S.W.KS of
Real K-lale, Personal Pioperly. &c , Pub
lic or Private. Hiiainitw ent runted to hitn
will lie promptly attended to.
Oraueehiiri,', So. C.i., Pec. Int IS79.
iiuv 'i?8 1*70.
The undersigned bus- opened nt the old
eland, opposite. Mr. J. P. Hrrley, where he j
is prepared tu ?b> all kinks of work in the
The Black smith Liiif<\
Such *u Horse-shoeing, making plows and I
Repairing-thiggici and Wagons. I
All work vmrantvil to give satisfaction.
jan9 3m WU, HOW JELL, a
Mayor's < Mlioo,
0U ANGKBUU( i, Jan. 28, > 18S0. .
The following Orders aro hereby extend
cd for the government of the /'olice Force:
1. Jan. I'aim "M is hereby appointed Chief
.War dial, anil will_be'obeyed and respected
2. 'The Chief ; Marshal will have charge
of the 1 'f>lice force, and will he held re
.-ponsible fur their actions, unless reported
t<> the Mayor.
*. It will be the duty of the Chief Mar?
shal to give tho', tuen under his control
llnir respective beats, orders, instructions
A"., and to h*c that they are eartied out,
nnd that no Ordinance is violated by.their
inattention or favoritism.
4, It shall be the duty of the Chief Mar
shal and Day men to. make their rospoctive
rounds at least once a night. Iteport nil
neglect uf I.uni'-, inattention to duty, ab
sence front Post <tc
.*>. ?)n anil after this date the! use of
LltjL't'KS while on "duty is strictly pro
hibited, and :he Chief .Marshal ishereby
ordered to remove fromJPost, any membrr
of the Foree under the inilneacc of l.iipior,
and report same to the Mayor.
The Chief Marshal will report all
aianbers ot the Force refusing to obey
7. The Marshals aro expected t<* walk
their respective beats. Sitting iuStorcaor
iloer ?tees will be discontinued. No. Mar
shal k.'will^ v isit .-tons, J>'ar-Rooms, or priv
ate Yards, or Re.iidem.-UH without being
specially sent fer or callsd on,
V. The ChW Mnr-hal will Instruct thoso
mule! Lim to hold no conversation With any
uae ether than pertain- io their business as
0. Smoking while on iUiy duty will l>o
d it.conti imcd
10. A cheerful compliance with thuso
order* will, gain for I lie Police Force the
rtspeel and willing obedience of the com
munity,) a refined to comply wwill bo visited
bv t|ie strictest peiiallies
J. W. M08EI.EY, Mayor.
t . R. JONKS..Cb?jrk.
leb G JH
Mrs. ?7. Oak man, having occupied the
com in >d ions residence of Cnpt. F. II. W.
Kl'igguianu on Amelia street, will accom
modate a low Hoarder**. RatSI resffOBsble
ud ?ari<-f*?etion filar ?? **tee<l.