Newspaper Page Text
ii m ' I- "J. -J?
Tlio *?V ange bin*g'. Times
%* O C A. Tj
It looks like Hugood.
- - mm 9 WM* -? .,
Tho wurm weather is coining.
Kr??A*j accounts Y>f persons who
have- 'peen . riding over the eountry,
the crops Took'line and promising.
A correspondent is needed from
this place for the Columbia '-Regis
"\\'e are reliably Informed that Mr.
James P. Way*intends to construct :i
fine hall over his brick building on
Kussel I street.
Delegates and visitors to ('olttmbia,
during the State Convention, remem
ber Pat Median's restaurant if we
Maul to Vevd well.
Wo are .sorry to henr that .Mr. H.
M. Smith is stitiering from a severe
attack of sickness, and we hope he
will'soon be out again*
The ('olumbia "Hegi^t?f,'s under
the editorial conTttdM W. Pope,
Esq., is an nldo mid independent pa
If Mn.II. p. Snioak is not :i,.l>iick,
he is Solid on the rocks'. Last week
he caught six rock lisli weighing in
nil, over 7(1 pounds. One weighed
over 20 pounds. Thanks for u mess.
We regrer to feariror tho death ob
the 15th of the only child of M r. Cd.
and Mrs. Kilon P>. Wilson in the
second year of its agtt. lhdh parents
died about a year ngoj
We tire pained to learn of the 're
cent death of Mr. C. I). Blooine in
the Fork where he had moved from
Orangeburg. He had nmiiy friends
in our town who will mourn his loss.
.Married on the 2'lrd of May L880,
at the residence of (lid brine's father;
by the Kev. W. F. Chaplin: the Uev.
.1. .1. Gctsingcr to .Miss Maggie
"We have mislaid the cnuiinitniea
tion of "Traveler wlm giveS an ac
count cd* the crops. Ac., on Ifufl
Swamp and elsewhere, lint we 'hope
to lind it in time for our next
Tho St. Paui*a Mctliodisl Sunday
"School wVl'lVJiave :t Fair in the lirst
part of June iV1' the benefit of the
School. The BnVul will also give a
concert later in the month. We wish
much success In bntli\
Mr. W. T. Mulhr otfiu boast id'a
cotton bloom in his livid. ^ We would
like to hear who can beat it> We are
told though that it is from oily of last
years stalks, which. owing\ to our
mild winter, never died. k
The .Missionary I'llibn of Mho
Oriihgebnrg Ihiptisl Association
meets at I.ewisville to-day. The nUd
Union of the Charleston Associations
also meets al Jamisons al the Knute
The following is the li^t of coli
signecs at. S. ('. K. 11. for week end
ing May 2<<tti: d M Hughes, A- Hrn..
J II Livingston, (I M Norris, II L
Taylor. T K Jordan, .1 A llensou, W
We are glad lo notice the re-ap
pearauee on our streets of the vener
able Dr. F.lliott wlm has just pas-jcd
through another severe attack of ill
ness. We hope he may Im long
spared in the community in which ho
is so universally beloved.
- mm ? ??
We have received several curds of
nominations for ollk-e which we will
he pleased to publish if paid for,
Our friends must remember that such
notices'a re advertisements, and must
be put in the same category with
In our common schools too little
? attention is given to reading, writing
and arithmetic! These three studies
stand as the foundation upon which
the superstructure is lobe raised.
They, therefore, require time, pa
tience, and thorough drilling.
Dr. Bowman, of the Lutheran
Church, being in town, we hope that
he will be induced In stay until after
Sunday, so that we may enjoy a ser
mon from him. He is an aide and
eloquent preacher, and it is always
profitable to hear him.
? - mt * mm ? ? -
We are glad to scothal the "liaplisl
Courier" has made so much progress
in the line of improvement since it
has fallen into the hands of Col.
Hoyt, and has been removed to
Greenville. The air of the .Moun
tain City seems t.-- have given it new
life and vigor.
See notice of. Towu Council about
umpering with street lamps.
Tho National Democratic Conven
tion assembles in Cincinnati on the
Orangcburg ought to have one
delegate to the Cincinnati nominating
Convention, and we propose
Hon. Samuel Dibble. Let our dele
gation in Columbia press him.
Alra. Vinco intends to put up a
brick building in place of her present
wooden houses next to .Mr. Way's lot.
This will make a continuous row of
brick buildings from Koliver's corner
to Willcock's. Let the improvement
go on to Doyle's corner.
!Mr. d. (.'. llcmphill bus retired
from his editorial connection with
the Abbeville "Medium" . to.-take a
position on the stall' of the Chlirh'S
tou "News and Courier." Mi-. IL R
llcmphill is now the sole editor of
Mrs.-T. t'. Ilubbell is still lying
very ill, although there is a shade
of improvement since last Week.
Mr. David Snell has also been ill
for several weeks. We hope that the
disease in both eases may by rebuked,
nr. ! that the improvement may be
Attention smokers! The linest
ever offered in this market?if you
want a real g0.6,d smoke, either with
pipe or cigarct, go down to Mr. IL S.
R< :.: ?< k? i 's, und try the Original and
genuine. Durham long.cut smoking
t<|b:u eo. It bist? longer and hold lire
belter I hah any tobacco >vu have ever
used. 1 rice 10cents per package.
TheSi\t!i AnnU.al fiiectiug of the
South I 'arop ia Press Association
will be held in the City of (ircctivillc
on the 1 T111 if dune. A pleasant ex
cursion lu Cincinnati, the Queen
Ci.y of the West, is also arranged
for the Association during the session
of ?!;*c National Democratic Conven
tion. 1: will b>> it delight full trip.
M i -. Kiuaiiitcl Kickenbaeker will
a i . p: nur bjiaujjs lor one of the
bliest lioiiie-raiM'd cabbages wo have
?over seen. iVwas a* httrd and heavy
as a Northern heath ami made-t llrsl
rate dinner. This only shows what I
can lu-done in the South by iniprov- J
in".- our gardens.
We are also indebted to Mr. Street j
for a line mess of Irish potatoes. Hol
bus ii beautiful garden.
The entertainment at Masonic
Hall on Tuesday evening, under the
management of Rev. Johnson, in the
interest of the tailored Presbyterian
Missinncry Society, was a successful
utftiir. Interesting addresses were
made by Dr. Cooke, Rev. (). A. Darby.
I'rof. Lawrence and others, und the
exercises were pleasant, interspersed
with music, both vocal and instru
\ The examination of t he students of
CbhQjn l aivetsity and Agricultural
College* L?lkes place mi ihcTth'nnd]
Sth of JiineVvAYy acknowledge the
receipt of a catalo^nc of the Iustitu
tion, from which we akrc pleased tosee
thai it is in a lb urSshini; condition,
and thai the ciprric.ulum has been
liliieh advanced Hinder 1 lu* skilful and
stn eessfii! itianagiMUeiTt Of President
('ooke ami his cllh/icnt faculty.
Krietul Milburi E. Meyer led lb the
hymeneal altai/ last night a blooming
bride select oil from among Orange
burg's fa ires 4 daughters. The inter
esting eoroinuiny was .performed by
Dr. W. S. Ih/ovihiui in the Lutheran
Church, in jthe prosumbo of a flatter
ing auilienye. The I rai n of attend
ants, with hJhic and groom presented.
ji lovely tiiud da/./ding' appearance.
May peace) ??and joy ever attend t he
happy collide in their journey through
The miiniicipMl eleetioirof our sis
tor town, St J. Matthews, took place on
Monday. M'horo were two tickets in
the field. asVfollows:
III-\V"< i: AT TICK KT.
I/or lotcnuhinl? Henry Davis, dr.
For Wardens IL Jacobson, J. I).
Aut icy. W. C. flla k. S. K. Baldwin.
lNOKI'KN lilM Tick'KT.
Kor Intendant 4-J. W. Kennedy.
For W ardens--*July Ktribby, I). F.
Major, M. JereekyY Sain'l II. Mack.
The following wjas the ticket elec
Intendent?Ilenrfv Davis, Jr,
Wardens?.1. Dl Antley, W. ('.
(lark, S. li Ralllwin, Sam'l II.
Mr'. Mack was I be Jonly ouo elected
from the Independent ticket. Mi
Davis received fori Intendant 11
\otc;.; and Mr. Kennadv 'Ml
The gi?nt'siiit of the South Carols
an Railroad is now going bn, Juliun
Mitchell Esqf; COL C. H. Simoiiton,
Ex-Gov. Clmffibcridih and* other
Railroad lawyers pnrtictp^ii-ing'ln the
arguments' Whatever the. upshot of
the matter may be, V.o hojio the Kail
road will be placed >n n firm nud
substantual basis j i the Slate be
? - . .??????aw?. ?.- ? ????????i
Young Men's CliriMnln Associa
tion meetings. Business meeting to
night at hull'-past eight o'clock.
Young Men's Bible class will be
organised next Tuesday evening at
half past eight o'clock.
The Sunday afternoon prayer meet*
ing will be resumed next Sunday
afternoon ;tt hull* past six o'clock.
It is desired that the people of our
community, young and Ohl, will foul
free to attend those services.
Well ding Room opened every even
ingduriug the week-, free for all.
The meeting of -TownCouncil On
last Thursday.which extended iiktu
t'ie night, was n rather lively one.
Air. De <'If vierte's house on Runs? 11
street was reported as a public Ullis
anee, and the ou^C Was prosecuted by
the Council's r.ltdrnoy. Con. J. F.
I/.lar. Mr. l)e( 'hioviatto was defend
ed by Mr, Abial I.athrop and 1). A.
St raker. After the c'xnmimU ion of
numerous witnesses and exhaustive
speeches on' the pert of the counsel
on eneh side, Mr. 1 )o < ?iiviette was
sentenced to :i !ii e of $115, or 20 ihl.VS
in the Gdhuty Jail. An appeal how
ever was,taken, and the case goes up
to tho ( ireuit ('ourt.
The closing exercises of the Yil
lage Primary rtml Normal School.
Rev. W. I>. Johnson; Principal, takes
[dace next Monday evening at 7:-15
P. M.. at the Brown school house.
The exhibit ion will consist of recita
tions, -.readings' and music by the
pupils. This school is the continu
ation of the Orangeburg free schon!
that has given satisfaction to the
District Trustees and its patrons for
the p:ist three years. About 150
children have been successfully
taught this year. Mr. Johnson feels
that his assistants, Mrs. Sarah A.
Humbert and Mrs. Charlotte K.
Johnson are deserving of the highest
commendation for their faithfulness
-? m ? ^
The moonlight pie nie of the
Luthcratr'Church, nn Tuesday even1
ing, :it the Fair Building, was a very
pleasant affair. The grounds were
beautifully illuminated with Chinese
lanterns, w hich presented a novel and
lively spectacle on approaching. Ar
rangements were made for prome
nades and amusements. The little
children were highly delighted with
their diversions of stealing partners
and other games, and the young men
and maidens hud a pleasant time
generally. The F.disto Hilles were
out in full uniform under Lieut. G.
\Y. Brunsen, and formed an attrac
tive feature iu going through their
The brass band w.-is in at tendance
and enlivened the occasion with soul
stirring music. About 10 o'clock
t!ie I nlioon ascension took place a mid
tire liuz/.ns of the enraptured specta
tors.' ' Refreshments of :i 11 Kinds
were served by t ho ladies. Although
the notice was so short the evening's
entertainment was quite a success,
and we hope w as a source of profit to
The following persons have been
commissioned as enumerators of the
10th l". S. Census for the County of
Amelia Township?Jas. S. Thomp
Brnnchvillc Township?IL L. < 'on
Bull Swamp To-ttnshfp---F. m.
( aw < aw*-F. S. DcTrovJUc,
Cow Castle ?A. J. L. Edwards.
Kdistiv?W. II. Dnnt/ler.
(ioodland?J, ('. Young.
Good by'a?C. S. F.d wards.
Hebron? D. R. Shanuahaii.
Liberty?J. J. Sallcy.
Lyons?L L. Rast.
Middle?T. I*. Stokes.
New Hope--.!. W. Bowman.
Orange -J. A. Sal Icy.
Orangeburg C II.? K.J. Felder.
Pine Grove?A. E. Darby.
Poplar?A. A. Connor.
Providence?rJ, H. Felder.
Union?F. 31. Green,
Willow?W. W. Evans.
Vances?K. L. Dantzler.
Zion?A. W. Tharin.
Butt crick's new patterns for Jam'
arc ready. Call for new fashions,
paper, lit Henry K?hu's.
DiY.T. C Wnnnamukor has made
soVend improvements in his store,
and has put up a new prescription
stand-, the largest and hand
somest in town, and admirably adap
ted for bis chemical operations. II?
always keeps the purest and best of
medicines and chemicals, and dealers
with him can feel safe in their pur
We feel that we are rather too
much of an interested party to com
ment fairly upon the subject of the
School Exhibition <m Thursday
night. YVc will, therefore, leave the
matter with "Quelqucfois" and
"Picket." wdiose plaudits published
in another place will be highly ap
preciated by llie juvenile participants,
and touch only upon :i few features
of the occasion which we should
properly notice, "ejuelopiefois1" esti
mate of IW pupils in the procession
is not far above the mark. There were
50, besides the teacher.-. Ill being boys
ami 25 girls. The audience in the
< our!; House- was one of the largest
over assembled in ()mngeburg. lie
sides all t b?' sitting space in the hall,
the aisles, windows, doors ami entries
were crowded with the unfortunate
'onesWho were compelled to stand.
Our thanks are due to the audience,
under thetrvini? i iiVumstanee of so
many having to stand, for the order
and decorum which prevailed, ami
for the pntiopee exhibited under the
delay in the commencement of the
per forma nee, caused by the detention
of a mcimfer of the band at a meet
ing of the Town Council, which was
progressing at the same time.
During the exercises of the evening
Prof. Van Orstloll kindly consented
to play a couple of pieces on the
zither, which were highly apprecia
ted ami loudly applauded.
The Kdisto Hand dispensed most
delightful music, and a collection
taken up for their benefit amounted
to $JL1.25. Ml'i Owen, the leader,
deserves speeiitl credit. The specinl
prize referrt'd to by "Quclqticfois" is
the one voted to the school at the
recent Kdisto Hille Fair, and was
neatly Snd grace felly presented by
Mr; Dibble, the Captain of the com
In conclusion, we desire to return
our heartfelt thanks to the ladies of
Orangcburg for flowers, geraniums
-4<iid decorations, and to tin* citizens
generally for various favors.
Arot sta. C a.. O.e. ''?. 187!?.
\V. II. Raicuktt. Druggist:
Dear Sir?I very cheerfully com
mend the Gilder Pills as possessing
all the virtues ascribed to them in
the circulars which envelope the
boxes that contain them. Their ac
tion is gentle and lasting. I say this
from personal experience und from
what I have heard others snj who
have used them. No butter and more
etleetual me:Heine could be desired
by those who sutler from a torpid con
dition of the liver, and I trust you
will have still greater success in dis
tributing so great a blessing to those
who sulfer from a derangement of
that organ whose regul?r action is so
essential to health.
d.\>ii:s .M. Smythk.
For sale Hy Dr. S. A. Reeves.
The decline i;i dry goods has so
far a licet ed the market that some, of
the best prints.are sold from II to 7
cents at Ile'ury Kohn's.
The genuine corn cob tobacco at
D. Smoak iv <'o.'s ai manufacturer's
prices. lb'ware of imitations as
there ate many on tin* market.
A sallow complexion is indicative
of worms. A few doses of Shriller's
Indian Vermifuge will destroy them
and give n bright ami healthy com
The white sewing machine gives Ulli
veral satisfaction. Lightest running,
easiest managed and best satisfying
machine ever sohl any where. A
few more left at Henry Kohn's.
Pcaberry colfee, the best ami cheap
est known in tin* world at D. F.
Smoak A- Co's. ."Money refunded to
any one who uses it without satisfac
Don't you forget it! Dr. Wanna
maker's sot la fount is more popular
than ever. In fuel there has been
such a deinnnd for the cooling
draught Hint the Doctor has been
compelled to employ extra help in
order to accommodate his large run of
customers. Co and refresh yourselves
ami take your nearest friend along
Thin rind breakfast strips, the best
put up and only 10 ets per pound at
D. B. Smoak & (Vs.
Snffcrers, Read This!
If yon are afflicted with Neuralgia or
Headache, you can ho speedily relieved by
taking the Specific Neurnlgine. Speedy in
its action, entirely free from Opium and
other Narcotics, it commends itcctf in be
ing as innocent as efficient.
Hunt, Kankin & Lamar,
"Wholesale Agents, Atlanta.
K?r nale by I'rs. A. C. Dukes, and J. Ot
may 14 lm
Ilnx A- Bro.'s celebrated sugar
cured hatiis guaranteed sound and
sweet Iii A cent.-; a I I). B. Smoak ?V
Will You Believe It ?
Woman's heal friend. To relieve the
aching licart of woman, and bring joy
where sorrow reigned supreme, is a mission
before which the smiles of 'kings dwindle
into utter insignificance. This is the pecu
liar province of Hradfield's Female Rcgii"
bitor, which, from its numberless cures,
is appropriately styled ?'?Woman's Best
Friend." The distressing Complaint known
as '-whites," and various irregularities of
the womb, to which woman is subject, dis
appear like magic before a single bottle of
this wonderful compound. Physicians
Prepared by Dr. j. Lradficld, Atlanta,
tht , iml -old at $!.50 per bottle by Dr. A.
C, Dukes, and also by Dr. J, ?. Wanna
Now IN PERFHCT IIKAI.TII.
Near mariktta, Ga., .March 21, 1870.
.S'i'tne months ago 1 bought a bottle of
Hradfield's female Regulator, and used it
in my family with the utmost satisfaction:
have recommended it to three other fami
lies, and they have found it just w hat it is
recommended, /fhe females who have
used the Regulator arc now in perfect
health, ami able to attend to their house
hold unties. Wo cordially recommend it
to the public. Rkw II. B. Johnson.
may 14 lm
Respectfully returns his thanks to
his many customers for their past
patronage, and hopes to merit the
same in the future by keeping con
stantly on hand fresh meats of every
kind at. his old otnltd, in rear of the
Pout office, during the present year.
LISA' of J uelainacd I-oticis
? '? Itemaining In the I'ost Office at
Orangeburg C- If., t'rangeburg Cbuntv,
May 10th, 15th 1880:
D. A. Aver.-, Urban Havs.
O. II- H?rn, Kiitn J?ne'lfowoH,
Hr. J.C. Oclnnri, (4th cInhm.)
.Mrs. A. It. Punt Mowes Lease,
(War RfelesKiut, dordau Aubinson, col.
Hisb Sarah Sanders, Rev. K. Seward,
Corrected every week by Mcssr*. Hui.L
FRIDAY, May 28, ISSO.
Middlings.....'. 11 (a\
Low Middlings. lO'uUOj
t orn.7.r>f? P0
New Corn .
Fodder, per 1.00 lbs. 1 lu
Hough Rico.$ 1 '.\iy
?c offer the foIloTV
iiigstaiidajfd Goods fox
Best Calicos 5 c.
Merino Dress Goods 10 c.
Colored Linen Embroidery 5 c.
Long Cloth, yard wide. 10 c.
C. D. KOMJOHtf.
Notice io Creditors.
All persons having claims against the
K-tato of Jacob O. heilt, late of Orangc
burg County, deceased! are hereby requir
ed to present and prove the sann-, before
the undersigned, as special Master, on or
before the 10th day tu"duly It*SO, or else
they will be debarred navnient.
C P. GLOVER.
Orungehurg, C. IL, .May 14th Lsso.
max- 14 -It
I am selling my Old Stock
To make room for Fall Good*.
New and I',ntost Styles
A fil'J htock of
Landrech's Garden Seeds
On hand. Now is the time to plant for
Summer use. Call at once.
W. P. Robinson.
FOR a Cool Drink otfCreb
Apple Cider, go to Wallace Cannon's
IMPROVED PATENT LIVER PAD!
Nkv-kr Get? Habd.
Ca* dk Ma.dk ant fc'i ukn^th Oesikxd. Law
TwiCK as !..?:.<;.
Slieuet Cur?l vatout DnigeJag U? CjiUa.
Chills and PeTcr,
Sick 4 Nenoni
Th?fl4 P i>l* Our* ;ilt i">l?m?rs t>r Ab*nrT>tton. Nn
Noxlwtlf fills, Oils, nr |Vi>(hiuili jTlctUcUtM nrv tak. n
IntothisStomach. Thn I'ml* nrctrurij nv-r Uie fit
of the Stolmich. covcrlnK Uto Oriit /Vrrvur ciitm.
apt) tha l.iv. r !?:?<? Kbunwti. A K?t'tle i'KCteMc
Totilc is nWorPdl intot'iccln-ulallonortl.o Itlnodnii'l
Llvvr.purifj i::-,' tttc Uli?I, MimHatim- Mv.-raml
Khlneyi In hi-nlUiy sctun, n>i\ .?: h< nltm ti,
StUltlnvil l .ili^, -t f ?.?<!. J'i |. :f ,<r ]'> PI ?I and It
wen. S.ii.u BY AI.Ii D::: i.c (?Tt.or rent by Mail
.Miui if.irtUT.t nt 8!t .?; 41 Norm I.ibi:rtt Sr4
Tobacco, Rrundy Peaches &clj at Wal
lace (Yimou's oM stand.
come at last!
Hl. V??' OicSDEr.!., Jr.*
IMioto and Ar list.
Has opened ii Gallery in front of Mcron
cy's Hotel, where the public can have Pho
tographs taken of first class and artistic
(inisli. Nothing but first class work done
this Gallery. Cull :tnd examine samples
at Ot|llerv; All wishing pood
work done can lin'vu the chance without
having the expense of going to the Citv
for the Maine. Call and set me. All work
cash when von sit.
"C. M. VAN* ORSDELL, Jn.
a pi J tf
South Carolina Hail Road.
(.'1IANCIK ok Hcitrtouxr.
(In and af er Mity tilth, 1880, Passenger
Trains mi this Road will run as follows '?
(till further 'mlcrsj)
(?rci'iivillo Ks press _Trai n i
Leave Cohiiubia at.4 IK P >L
Arrive at CamdcH at. 7 45 M
Leave Urangeburg.6 05 "
Arrive at Charleston.? 00 "
(an nu WKST.
Leave Charleston at.>... 5 45 A M.
Leave Orangeburg HL?.". 8 40 "
Leave CanldeU at. 7 00 *'
Arrive at Columbia at.10 30 "
Way Freigut ami Passonger Trains.
* Leave Columbia. 5 40 A M
Arrive at Caniden.12 00 P M
Leave Urangeburg.10 08 A M
Arrive nt t harleston.~ 2 00PM
Augusta. d 23 "
? Leave Charleston. 9 00 A M
?' Aiighfft:i.'..>ti. 8 00 "
?' Oraugcburg. 1 16 P M
Arrive at Columbiat.???<^o?.<???. 6 37 "
* PuMengera leaving Columbia nf'Cbar
to?tnn nn (hem trains have tochange_c.ua
at Hraiieltvillc to reach Charleston at~2UO
p in or Columbia at 5 37 i> in.
Night Express Train,
Leave Columbia*. 9 30 P M
?' Orangeburg. 12 30 AM
Arrive at Augusta. 4 50 '4
Charleston. ? 20 "
*Passcngcrs to arrive in Chnrlenton at 6 '20
A. M., have to change cat's at Branchville
if they are not in the sleeping cars, which
goes through without a change.
Leave Charleston.,..u~.i,?>.i 9 65 P M
Augusta. 7 40 "
" Orangeburg. 2 45 A M
Arrive at Columbia. 6 10 "
New York Express.
Leave Orangeburg . 6 47 A M
Arrive at Augusta. D '2i '?
Leave. Augusta.i. f> 00 P M
Arrive at Oraflgehurg. 9 57 '*
The (IreenviHc Kxprcsi and (ho
night Express Trains will run daily.
AM other trains will run daily except Sun
dav*. Sleeping Cars are attached to Night
Kxpress. Hertha only $1 50 to Charleston
or Augusta. These trains, make , sure con
ucctious at Charleston with New York and
Rabiinnre Steamers oh WedheMlay? and
Saturdays, also with Florida Steamers on
Tuesdays anil Saturdays, also with 7 a m
tram S ?S: U Railroad for Savannah and
I Florida Points. Connections made by
I other trains at Allgnstn with trains from and
I to that point, also with all trains from and
i toChhrlcstoW. DC ALLEN,
U P & T A.
JOHN 1". PECK, Ciencral Snpt.
.1 ti. POSTEbh, Agt., Orangeburg, S.C.
A m at Dwelling with 4 Rooms, Firo
I'laecs, and Kitchen attached, with a Ix>t
'2 acre; in a healthy location. Terms made
easy. Appv to
T. C. HUBnKLL, Auctioneer.
A TRUE TONIC
fOR m BY ALL DRUGGISTS.