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THE OKANOEBUK? TIMMS.
ISSUED EVERY FRIDAY MOUSING
STILES It. MELUCHAMP Editor^
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' Mi;U>.!xAY, JANUARY 20,,188t.
fSIiNDTHK IIascals to THEThKAK.
Gen. Garfleld's answer to the dele
gation of colored men at Mentor will
ifnd a response t lirougliout the South.
The education and elevation (if the
colored people is the earnest desire
of the white people of the South as is
d.-.tindnntly testified by the efforts
.. . de to furnish them with schools.
Ivlliott may prate :is mir-li us he
t leases about the Wrongs f'thccolorod
;de, but he cannot deny the fair
is und fulness of the provisions
made fjr their education, within our
ability, by the Democratic party. If
lb esc colored politieuns who visited
? . o 1'udd really desired to benefit
tie ir people they would seek tnbriltg
about harmony between them and the
whites, instead of doiug every thing
I hey can to antagonize the races by
playing upon ignorance and pre
? dice. Nothing keeps us from liar
inoni/ing and working together, but
lh< selfish intermeddling of oflicc
. eckers. We heartily endorse the
! lowing language of the iXetc* ami
"Gen. Gnrfield will give peace und
union to the w.holc country if lie act
iij Lothe high level of his utterances
at Mentor. The Southern whites wdll
? operate with him in whatever
in >us tires are proposed looking to the
'elevation hud -improvement of the
colored people, with a view to quali
fying.therfi as rapidly as practicable
i.ij make their numerical strength
clfvtetivc in promoting honest govern
ment and, upholding equal rights.
I'ut, its we have said before, there is
no hop.e.(Of this as long as, such per"
sous as Elliott, Lcc and Strakcr arc
liiade the representatives of-'National
. oi.dhuritj, in the South. The first
i'cp must he to send the rascals \o the.
mir! That done, ami the National
'Hees in the South filled with cap
able and upright men?whose bu si;
j ? ss in life w ill .be the faithful dis
iiirgc of .their official duties, sl\ Z
? >t. political manipulation?:thd
hbites and blacks will gravitate to
wards each other in public n flairs,
I tie political alignments w ill be recti
i c 1, and the color line will be blot
? ed out forever."
IHK BIRTH HAY OF LEE.
Wednesday was the Idrlluhiy of
U Vi t E. Lee, whose name will ever
cherished in every Southern heart.
There isu nobility in the life mill
haraeter of Lei* that not only com
tiiaiids our admiration as Southern
er;, but wdiitdi draws the respect of
every lover of true virtue.
In every department of life fien.
Lee's example stands forth as n light
I ? the rising generation.
'Asa citizen, and as a soldier, us n
Christian, and as a College President,
? is Jife was most . remarkably free
?in blemishes, and his in 11 notice was
id ways on thesidoof right.
1* has been the good fortune.of
other nien to illustrate the hero of
iticcess, but it remained for Gen.
Lee to illustrsite the hero <d" defeat,
which is far-grander.
It is at Appomaitox that we love
t to contemplate Lee.
His memorable position a( lliis.try
ing hour, in asking only what was
ight, and not what people may
think, is in itself, n volume of exalt
ed morality n<l heroism.
No changes of time or. sentiment
v i II ever efface the beauty it ml sul?.
iimity o." this noble character.
Ltd its nil cherish the memory and
f.niilatc the cxain| le of so great and
v>od a ins n.
- ? ??
Absenteeism in Congress is getting
Hi be too frequent. Men have no
right to accept public position and
then no! perform their duties. \Ve
are sorry to see that Hampton and
Duller have been dilatory in getting
into their places this session.
Our Representative O'Connor
made a speech in the House la.?st
week on the public debt which hits
attracted general attention nml re
fleetscredit upon our District,
Another most disgusting scene has
just been enacted in the Halls of
Congress. It seeins that the black
guardism of Sparks and Weaver was j
not sufficient for one term. We now
have the specimen feat of a Con
gressman coining into tho Legisla
tive chamber, to att? nd to the duties
of his country men who elected him,
most beautifully drunk. Air. Hooker
of Mississippi was the hilarious mem
ber, und so exhilarated was his frame
of mind from too frequent potations
that he conceived it his duty to take
part in every debate. The Indian
bill was under discussion when ho
entered, ami he felt specially called
upon uuder the circumstance* to
play '"big Injin". lie disturbed the
House so that it was impossible to at
tend to business until at last his
friends succeeding in persuading him
that hisScountry would not fall in his
absence, and lie was taken out greatly
to the relief of the members who hap
pened to be sober.
The frequent repetition of these
scenes is a disgrace to our country
and a fearful example to the rising
generation. Unfortunately there arc
many w ho look for decency and de
corum in such high places, and may
bo led to believe that such arc
soihe of t he accomplishments of "high
life." Billingsgate und "corner
groggery" etiquette is getting entire
ly too fashionable. The truth is, there
is often more nobility and gentility
tobe found in the humbler circles of
life than elsewhere, and when the fra
grance of a purer individual'life is
more generally diffused; we may in
dulge higher hopes for public morali
ii vhmonj/ing the hacks
A meeting was held by the Demo
cratic Club of Greenville last week
for the purpose of devising plans for
harmonizing the races, and
nciting blacks and whites together
in friendly discussion of polit
ical matters. Speeches of the most
conciliatory nature, were made by
Gov. I'erry and others, and dually a
resolution was adopted, appointing a
committee of five to carry out the ob -
jeets in view, ami invite the co-ope- i
ration of the colored pe qdei In the
meantime, Elliott and his clan are in
Washington abusing the whites.
?'? Major Woodward, the Chhirimrn of
the Democratic party of Fairfiehl,
has issued an address to the party
calling for moans to meet tin; ex
penses of the unfortunate men who
have been arrested for political pur
poses. The Chairman id' Barn well
or Aiken litis also done the san e.
We don't know to what extent this
political persecution is going on in
Orangtbqrg, but we feel satisfied, if
the money is-needed and called for,
it will ho cheerfully given by every
gooil man in our County.
the Fence law.
I was pleased to sec in your paper
the extract giving the views of Gen.
M. W Gary on tho fence law. There
is no doubt that two-thirds of the
best thinking people of our County
agree with Gen. Gary in this, as they
do in many other matters.
The cost of fencing out cattle is far
greater than the value of tin* cattle.
Resides tins, it is unjust on the land
owners th be burdened with this ex
tra expense to feed other people's
cattle. Nor will those who have no
laud and a few cattle be the losers
by the passage of the law. These
people have most of the labor to pel
form of splitting the mils, and, the
fewer tip' mils to split, the less willlhc
their work. The great dread o'.' the
law by the laboring classes is that
they will have no place to keep their
cattle.. This is a mistake. Land
owners always want to hire laborers
nnd will do all they can to please
them. It is very certain therefore
that they will make provision for
their cattle iii their pastures in order
to retain their labor, otherwise labor
ers'will go toother farmers who will
tnkecare of their cattle. The stock
!:tw would ben great benefit to our
country. All would feel its benefits,
laborer :is ..well us html owner, for
w hat helps one, helps-the other too.
It is early yet, Mr. Editor, to talk
about it, but it would be well for our
ncxl Legislative ticket to be made up
on this Issue. We want, the fence law
to fence in the stock. Let us have it.
What say our law makers?.
Fa it m Kit.
Col. Dudley, of Marlboro, died of
I Mr. Editor:
I was indeed ghul to notice, in your
lust issue, that you spoke of a revival
of the Teacher's Institute in our
County. Ornngchurg, in ieany re
spects, compares favorably with any
County in the State, and there is no
reason why she should be behind in
her educational interests or wanting
in educational facilities?uo reason
why Orangeburg should not have a
first-class Teacher's Institute.
The advantages arising front such
an organization of teachers, properly,
conducted, are many and invaluable,
and, when once understood and ap
preciated, must be apparent to every
one, especially to the teacher The
first and great ? object of every
organization of this 'character, is to
prepare more thoroughly the teach
er for his high and responsible posi
tion. Every otic who has; in sin
cerity, assumed the duties and re
sponsibilities of the soliool room,
with an earnest purposeaitd desire to
discharge faithfully every duty, must
feel how utterly incompetent he is to
meet the thousand and one questions,
by which he is confronted, and to
overcome the difficulties by w hich lie
is met at every turn, some of which
seem almost insurmountable; rtnd
even when he has done his pest, how
The teacher needs the counsel and
advice of those of the profession who
have grown older iu the cause, and
whose experience is more extent led.
More than all, he needs the s> mpnthv
of the common brotherhood. No
where can this advice he Obtained
and this sympathy extended to a
greater advantage than in the Teach
er's Institute. Let our teachers,
both male and'female, nioet together
and enter into a free euterchange of
plans, methods ami opjnions, and the
result will be,? we will have better
teachers, better methods'of teaching)
and the individual members of the
profession will be encouraged in
their arduous labors, and many of
the difficulties which meet the teach
er in his vocation will be removed,
and the profession' will be ? relieved of
much that is unpleasant, and even
.Time nud space forbid inc tit this
writing, from'pursuing this import
J ant and interesting subject further,
but let every teacher'who reads, these'
dines, hastily penned by .one. who is
not a teacher, but who "!bns-' u kind
sympatln for every one who is en
gaged in training the young, and in
all that pertains to our educational
interests bestir himself, and lend
every energy to the establishment of
our Teacher's Institute. This done,
Mr. Editor, we may expect better
A* GROWING NEED.
To every intelligent mind which lias
weighed the matter, the advantages
of the graded school system over any
other must be apparent. However
competent the teacher, it is impos
sible for him to give proper attention
to all the pupils in a school of fifty or
sixt\ during the hours usually al
lotted to school-room work. He must
neglect the smaller pupils, put one of
the larger ones to [hear the
recitations, against which the child
ren, in their hearts at least, rebel,
and for which the boy or girl how
ever '"smart" is incompetent, be
cause not trained, or be must rush
through tojthc injury of bis own
temper and the detriment of the
And again, every man's mind
"cognizes" a thing in a different way.
There is no greater benefit to the
child than to come in contact in the
class room with stveral matured in
tellect which throw variously the true
lights upon tlx- same, or kindred
subjects. Some side light may be
thrown which will make clear a dark
and mysterious corner of the picture, j
He who is ".lack of till trades, is
master of none," is a popular fallacy
that holds good here. No teacher
can tench Latin and Kreuch and AI
grbra, A, 1>. C pothooks, Ac. Ac., as
well as he could teach one of those
branches. The specialist must ever
be the leading teacher. Hut why
multiply arguments':' Even while I
write, time Hies and that school-house
needs looking after. "What school
house?'' Why don't you know, you
man from tl e Fork, that it's time we
should have a graded school with
nice furniture, fine seats, and walls
decorated with maps and black
boards, and an elegant two story
house, nnd lour or five first-class
teachers training five hundred eager,
grasping, God-given minds? "How
are you going to do it?" Well see
here, there are say, from one hundred
and fitly to two hundred children at
school, paying on the average$2 per
month. That is $100, every
month, and $3600 in the school year.
There are two hundred more child
ren in town and near it who ought to
go. A school with four huudred
pupils would be entitled toten first
grade teachers witli snlaries of $10
a month?which allowing live months
school year would b? $2000 more. Ob!
of course $0000 would not cam on a
first-class graded school?oh, no!
Fine school of this kind iu Winns
loro' Wont somebody else give this
ball a kick. I waul to have a turn
again after awhile.
The Lancaster "Ledger" makes
complaints against Gov. Hagood on
account of his appointments in that
County, and another paper censures
him for pardoning Neil Blair.
During the last week several busi
i1cs8 suspensions have taken place iu
Charleston and elsewhere.
At this early stage the Hon. IJ. F.
Cravton is spoken 'of as our next
I). A. Strakcr was along with the
Gnriicld has rather snubbed the
When trains are telescoped the
poor passengers see stars.
"Well, wife, you can't say 1 ever
contracted bad habits." "No, sir;
you generally expanded them."
Tribute or Reaped.
Where**, it hath plea-ed Almighty lind,
to remove from bur!!1 ratcrnity, our beloved
Brother, I>. \V. Snell, Therefore he il,
Reunited, That in the death of our worthy
Brother I>. W. Snell. we the members of
Fnell Lodge No. 18*2 A F.andA. M? bow
with humble reverence to the will of the
A (mighty Creator.
Jtefotred, That a page in the minute book,
he inscribed, to the memory of our
deceased Brother, that the Lodge be drap
ed in mourning for thirty days, and the
Krethron wear the usual badge of mourn
lle+ohrd, That a copy, of these resolution*
be presented, to the family, of our deceased
Brother with onr heartfelt sympathy.
llttolvtd. That the County papers, be
requested 'o publish these rifolutions.
A. I). FA1?
Tribute of Reapeet. -
At a regular meeting of the 'Yonne
AtnerieaHteam Eire lOnginct'ompaoy, held
January 5th 1881, the following preamble
and resolution* were pa.s-cd:
Whereas, it has pleased Almighty God
to remove from thin life our Honorary
member Mr. Chan. If. Ilall.it becomes us,
whilst bowing in submission to the dis
pensation of Providence, to express our
sympathy and sorrow at Ids decease;
therefore he it,
Resolved, That in the death of Mr.
('has. II. Hall, we recognize the Ion of one
of our honorarv members, whose interest in
this Company knew no abatement, though
not actively connected with ns
Resolved, That we w ill remember his ac
live interest in this organization, and en
deavor to profit by the example of fidelity
and zeal displayed by him during hid ac
7'?o/re</,That we tender to the family of
our deceased comrad, our sympathy in this
their time of bereavement.
Resolved, That a page in onr minute book
be inscribed tu his memory, and a copy of
these resolutions, he sent to the family of the
Extract from minutes.
T. O. S. DI 7/BLE,
The thanks of the Elliott Hook and
Ladder Company are hereby tendered the
citizens for refreshments furnished at the
lire of Die. ISth 1880.
It. F. BUY A NT,
By permission of the Probate Judge of
Orangcburg County, 1 will sell on Monday,
31st day of January. 1881, at the residence of
Daniel O't'ain deceased, the personal pro
perly of said deceased, consisting of Cattle,
Beg", Sheep, Household and Kitchen
Kuril it lire, tiig, Wagon, Mill Bock, Ac,
CAT 11ER1N K K. O'CAIN,
Jan. l?th 1881.
jan 2Q 4t
Thomas M. laysor,
COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
( oi lier Church and St. Paul Streets,
?rdngflburg, S. C
Pronipt and careful attention given to nil
business entrust ed to mv care,
jan I? 1881 ly
Attorney and Counseller at Law,
OKANGEBUHG, S. C.
OKIce corner of Court House Square
and Church Street, the same
formerly owned and oc
cupied by Wm. M.
June 11 tf
HE best of Drr Salt and Smoked Bsoon
low down at VAN TASSEL'S.
?OTRBfir* Liverpool "Salt in best
order at $1.15 per sack.
I 40 bbls Maine Lime in fine order,
2 dozen more of the Star Axes.
These axes are standard, tried and
true. JOHN A. HAMILTON.
jan 20. 1881.?ly NEXT TO HENRY KOHN.
Xnsrara3a.ce and 2?eal Estate Agent.
Itopreoon/ing a nutnhor of Old aud Reliable Companies, I am pre
pared to ieiiue POLICIES on all clawc. of Property it FA IB and BE AHON A BLK
In addition to my Collecting Buuineu, will attend to Purchasing and Selling
A SMALL FARM in the Town, with a Vineyard.'of about 4 acre* in jjood cnltiratten.
Dwelling and Kitchen on prehtiflOB. Terms reasonable. ?
ALS O FOR S ALIS
Several Building Lot* and two Dwelling* in the Town.
For sdeor rent, 2 story Dwolling on Knsse.ll Street. ?
For particular apply to ??*
Feu,ey COeds, ITronoh. Confectionery,
2?x ta:? Bosos, iFire Wortes?
CHINA TOILET GOODS, MANTEL PIECE ORNAEEMTS,
And everything in the HRISTDIAS GOODS Line.
Unheard of B ARO A INS. Conic and examine my Stock 80* that yon
may know where it is BEST to INVEST your money. 1 hnvo nho a fine
Stock of SWEET MEATS and JPaiiCV Grooe^ies ** prices
which defy compctetion. Polite and atien?ve Gentlemen to nhonr and noil
Could any one xtav away Pappose yon ?hnidd May airny.
In County. State or Town, The truth is dimply thi?,
I don't think they would, I - Tho bargnin? that other* get.
So call around, yea call around.' I You'd be ?uro to mi?*.
('linnipion tiroeer, Oraiig?bnr&, &? C'?
A N D
i hotographic Gallery
In now open ami ready for business in all
branches of the art.
Ip order to aeconmodate all my friends
I i?hall be pleased to have you enl I and get
ElflET. FERROTYPES FOR $1.
. Don't forgvl tbc place
\ A. H. LEWlN,
"i Kcit to Dr.'hct ves' Drug Store 1
. nov 2t> ? 1?S0 tf
OflVr* to IiIh friend* juid the
public, at the store recently occupied
A full Stock of (Jenoral
?A call solicited and satisfaction guaran
Will be m%de a specialty.
W. B. THOMPSON.
June 4 1880 ly
P A LEFVENDAHL
BOOr & SHOEMAKER,
Has just reeelred a full line of Shoemak
er's material, consisting of
And other articles in my line of hmdneea
all of which I mi offering low down. _
Of all grades'and the best material.
All orders for hoots or shoes will receive
prompt attention, and warranted to givo
entire satisfaction. Prices reasonable.
Repairing dona in tho neatest manner
and on the shortest notice.
Jj^ay I w ill not he responsible for work left
with um longer than three month:'.
P A LKFVKNDAIIL.
fob 27 ly
James Van Tassel,
On hand and receiving daily Fresh Oro?
rics, and the Einest Brands of Liquors in
town. II ROH TON 'STREET,
ORAKGEBURO, S. C.
All persons who have engaged trees from
my Nursery will plcwo call for them as
soon as possible.
Also 10(H) Grape Plants of every variety,
two yeaM old and well r?otcd, at 10 cents
each or $8 per hundred.
dce3-tf A. JOURDIAN.
CluiutpalRii Larger Ileer,
bottled by the English Holding Co.,
prescribed by Physicians as the most
healthy beveragetin the world. Fresh and
pure. For sale at Wallace Cannon's old
Maud, by J. DEE ANDREWS, Agt.
CA31PAIGS' OTIS !
Good Government, for State and
NEXT COMES ECONOMY!
r'i^O buy ttie ,lw?t article for the leant
[i m<'nry increase* the lasting qtialitira
ific content* in our purse a,nd ?nable? u* to
bur a great many things for a little
1 ofl'er tlie following article* 20 per cent
below itM market value, the. goods having
been bought boforc the rcc*nt advancement
of prices .
50 hid* FLOt'Rnf the best brands.
TABLE BU IT KB 30 and 3a eta pr !b.
CHOICE HAMS* 10 etaprlb.
PUKE LEAF LARD 10 cu pr lb.
And Iii? beat RIO COFFEK 6 lbs ft>r $1.
i\ \, AT ?
J. I. Sorentrue
. DEALER IN
The undersigned would respectfully la
form the cititens of this and adjoining
Couuttee that ho ?III furnish, oa the - aaoat
MY OMNIBUS willeontinaa
to meet every train
Done on the shortest notiee by careful and
trusty hands. Give me a trial
W. M. SAIN,
At the Old Stand.
Done in the best manner and on ike
most reasonable terms. Also
Of overy description done on the
shortest nuti ce and at moderate
Work respectfully solicited.
W. H. HO WELL,
Op posite Harley'i Corner.
rpiIE very best quality of (Hit'Edge BuK
JL ter at VAN TASSEL'S.
CAR LOAD OF
WILL UK RECEIVED AT