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THE OKANUEKL'K? TIM ICS.
I93UHO EVERY THURSDAY MORN I NO
STILES K. MELLICH AMI* Editor and
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One Copy one Year.$1 00
" Six Month* . 75
Rates of Advertising.
One Square 1st Insertion.$1 00
Each Subsequent " . SO
Notices inserted in Locol Column at 20c per
All Subscriptions and Transient Advertise
mentt to be paid for in Advance.
B?ff" y>9 are in uo way responsible far
the views or opinions ">ur Correspond,
Til URS DAYj M A KCl I 24," 188L ~
POP Uli AH EDliCATION.
It is encouraging to note that the
subject of popular education is at
tracting the attention of the press
and of the people.
The Aikcn Journal and licvicu
speaks very thoughtfully and intelli
gently upon the subject. Its edi
torial shows a thorough appreciation
of the importance of the education
of the masses; but we think it makes
one mistake. Impressed with the
inadequacy of t he State fund to make
the public school system effective,
the editor of the Journal and Hcvieic
says, ''abolish the present system,
sweep it out of existcuce and let us
keep the two mills in our pockets, or
levy a sufficient tax to meet the
requirements of a thorough system
w hich will In? an honor to our Slate
and a benefit to our peop'c "
Now we do not think that this ul
t-. rualivu is presented to us. We
agree that the State fund is in
sufficient, but we do not argue from
this that it is necessary either to
abolish the system, or for the State
to augment the fun I. It is doubtful
if the State >.?. .. : h vy any higher
tax in hei present recuperative con
dition. There is no cause for des
pair because our public school Sys
tem is not what it ought to be. It
has improved vastly during Demo
cratic rule, and it will continue t<>
improve, if the subject is agitated.
The State has laid the foundation of
the educational system, and it is only
necessary for communities to build
upon it. The News and ('mirier has
suggested ou<Qimporlaut plan of im
proving the system, and that is by
local taxation. This has been tried
successfully in many of our towns,
in which excellent public schools
have been established. In Winnsboro*
and Chester, especially, has it been
?successful. These schools are sup
ported by the State two mill and poll
tax, augmented by a local tax of 1 A
mills, an act having" lirst been pass
ed through the Legislature giv ing the
people of these towns lh.' privilege
at a public meeting, of levying this
extra tax for educational purposes,
or not, as they pleased. The old
ML /.ion luslitulc at Winnsboro1 is
under the charge of K. Means Davis,
an able educator, who being also
allowed to teach the classics and
other branches not include;! in the
public school course, gives the addi
tional advantage of a classical school
at w hich a thorough business or col
legiate course can be obtained. In
this way the standard of education is
elevated, anil the public school is
But while this w ill do for the tow ns
and cities, we have a plan to suggest
I'u-the country. The local tax sys
tem only suits populous communi
ties. But w hat is to be done with
I he sparsely populated country? Wc
answer, let the co operative plan
work here. Let the patrons co-oper
ate with the State and keep up good
i.ehoois. Utilize the Sta e fund by
running the. schools upon ii as long
as this fund lasts, and then, when it
is exhausted, let there be no break in
the school, but let the patrons im
mediately take up the burden and
carry it on. It is in this way that we
will make use of our taxes to edu
cate our children, and no other. The
public school system could be made
perfect, if wc would only co-operate.
Wc won't co operate, and then we
abuse the w bole system for our fail
ure lo utili/.e what we have. Let us
examine this subject in the light of
its iniportu"- and of the blessing
whic!* i ? '?? "'. "a ils pro per
rod ?o: K.SE.LF.
It is painful to see the dependence
of some men upon others. Many
nu n, when they are called tipoli to de
cide some political question, Instead
of thinking and studying out the
matter for thorns..! ?? i irplieitly fol
low what the leader* i.ut-ir trusted
advisers say. Tliey forgot that they
arc personally responsible for their
vote, and they forget, too that their
leaders are often wofully corrupt. It
is not safe blindly to follow men, be
cause they are esteemed respectable
or occupy high position in church or
State. Such may only be the polish
ed exterior of the temple of deceit
and hypocrisy. The abused are
often the best. :nd the extolled, the
worst ofmer Public opinion is not
an infallible criterion. It is not all
gold that glitters, nor all dross that '
fails to shine. We do not advocate a j
disregard for the opinions of men.
Respect for the opinions of Others is
commendable. But we denounce the
substitution of their opinions for our
own. We should weigh well the
opinions of all men and profit by
them, but we should honestly and
faithfully form our own conclusions.
It is the part of wisdom to draw light
and instruction from every source
that we can, but in doing so, it is the
duty of every man to think also for
The practice of making men agree
to a verdict on a jury is an old one.
but we think it is subject to many
If there are men on a jury who can
not agree, it seems preposterous to
keep them under punishment until
they renounce their opinions nncl
agree with the rest, or else enter a
mistrial in the ease. It partakes
greatly, to on;* mind, of the nature ot
bulldozing, and wc cannot sec that it
serves best the ends of justice. Be
sides this, the practice, as now in
vogue, is open to another objection'
It is not an unheard of thing that
jurymen arc bought. According to
the requirement then of all twelve
men agreeing to a verdict, it is only
necessary for a corrupt man to buy
one of the jurymen in order to ob
lain that which is nearly equivalent
to an acquittal, a mistrial. Men ol
thought are agitating this subjecti
ami we think it is a question worthy
of consideral "mn.
SIM LT MILK.
It leaks out now that Demo
cratic Senators in Washington are
forcibly brought to a realization ol
their folly in .sustaining Kellogg in
his fraudulent scat. Kellogg was not
elected Senator from Louisiana w hile
Mr. Spollbrd was, and was clearly
entitled to his seat. Notwithstand
ing this, Gens. Butler and Hampton
championed the cause of Kellogg,
with all their zeal, against I4r. Hill,
who fought bravely and eloquently ill
a hopeless minority. We expressed
our surprise at the course of our
Senators at the time, and our com
mendation of the position of M r.
Hill. It is admitted now that if Mr.
Spollbrd, the Democrat w ho was elec
ted, had been seated, instead ?f Mr.
Kellogg who was not elected, the
Senate would now be Democratic and
organized under Democratic aus
pices in spite of the desertion ol
.Mahone. But it is not for this rea
son, then or now, that we advocated
the unseating of Kellogg and the
seating of Spofford. Wc advocated
it simply for the reason that it w as
right thut the man who was elected
should be seated, instead of the man
who was not elected; and that it was
wrong that the, so called, honorable
Senate of the United States, should
so far tolerate corrupt ion by admit
ting into its halls an acknowledged
MOKE UAkk THAN tiOOD.
The New York Journal uf Cum
merce urges the people of all sections
tosend petitions to President Gar
field for the appointment of the
inch in their several sections known
to bebest fitted for Federal appoint
ments, saying that "even ah unjust
President like the unjust Judge will
eventually yield to importunity; and
the N<ir.s und Courier heads the article
"A Hint for Charleston,1' and, "ihr
duty of the people to demand the
Lor ourselves, wc think tin; idea ot
our "demanding*1 appointments frsm
a Republican administration smacks
considerably of audacity. We rather
k- ?. i< w of the Lancaster Ledger
win li -ays that Democrats who hang
around Washingtonfor Federal ap
pointments are not the sort of men to
be elevated to position, and it would
be bet - r for the South and tin
Democracy thai they shouJdbeie.it
away i ipty. The appointment ol
Southern men to office by a Republi
can administration will do us infinite
ly more harm than good.
TUE HULL SiVAMP ItOAD.
Editor Orangeburg limes:
Will you please publish the follow
The Bull Swamp Road from the
''colored school house" to Orange
burg is in a wretched condition, be
ing almost impassable. The hill at
Air. Wolfe's, near the town, is im
passable. The road has never been
properly worked. ^ Being hilly, and
a clay soil, it needs causewaying,
which it has never received. The
way in whish it has beta worked is
to put rotteu piue poles and brush
in the bad places and h avo the rains
to wush earth on them. I think it the
duty of one of the white County Com
missioners to order the hands out and
j supervise the working of the road
himself, as the colored County Com
missioner lives near the road, and
knows its condition, aud pays no at
tention to it.
John S. Rowe.
J. I. Sorentrue's
SPECIALTIES 1 SPECIALTIES !
Notions! Dry Goods?! Shoes!!!
The largest ami best selected stock o
Ladies, Misses and Children'*1
Till 91 Iff KU HATS
ever brought to this inniket from 2.r> cents
t<> $/i a piece,guaranteed to besohl 25 per
cent cheaper than any other retail house
dea ing in ibis line of goods.
IIOSIF.lt Y AXD GJLOYKS!
Indies White Hose front 10 to 60 cents
per pair, the best selected stock in town.
Misses Hose, white Mini colored, from 10
cents up. Lathes and Mi*; es List Thread
liloves. in light and dark shades, ttents
Link and l og ?kin (taumlet* and CHovea
n a le a specially. Several dozen Ladies
?i Buttoned Khin,Opera blindes, still on
hand at 7? els jut pail.
IHtY <;<>oi>s! I
Calico* at ?">, G and 7 cents, and a full line
of Muslins, Lawns, Linen, Suitings, Plaids,
Homespun, Jeans, Cassi meres; Cambrics,
i!be.i at reduced lates.
SHOl h! SHOJESX!
3000 j>air consisting of O^rnKv Lauies.
Misses, Children and Inlauts, at prices to
U HOC Kit I i.S !
Test Hio Coffee ti lbs lor Jl, Light brown
Sugar 11 It's, fancy Flour 'lh lbs in sacks
for $1, White Wine Vinegar strong for
pickling purposes ?Octs per gallon, and
thousands of other things in that line in
AM> DON'T FORGET!
That the highest cash prices will be paid
for Hice, (Jern, peas and a I other country
J. i. SORLNTR?E.
feb 17 1851 ly
To Krise Supplies for the Town ol
Orangeburg, So. Ca., for the Fiscal
Year ending 1st April A D. 1882
ami a Bill to Regulate Licenses.
BkctIOK 1. lit it Ordained by the Town
Council of Ornngebujrg, ami it is bereby
Ordained by tbo authority of tbc Same:
Tbat tbo following Taxes be and are hereby
assessed aud levied for tbc fiscal year Uc
ginning April 1st A. 1>. 1SS0. at and after
tbc following rate?, that \* lo say:
Int. At the rale ofo mills upon the
assessed value of all real estate lying ami
being within Mic Corporate limits of tbe
totru of Orangebnrg, S. C., including every
llnild.ng or oibcr iinprovcmeiita on laud
under Lease from ho lies Corporate or in
tiividuals l?.r any terra of years.
Sr,c IL He it farther O- ^ained, That the
value of all Improvements on Ueal Ksia'o
since last Appraisement shall U- assessed
lor taxation bv the ''lerk of Council.
S>:c. III. lie it further Orduiued, That
every Person, Firm, Company or i erporh
liou engaged in any Trade, Business or
profession beninafter mentioned shall
ohtHin on or before tbc 1st iiay of May A.
I). 187'.?, a license therefor in manner
lot. those com? cueing busine.su after
he 1st April A I> 1HSU. sball obtain n Li
cense before entering upon that business.
-d Kvery Person. Firm, Company or
Corporation required by this Ordinance to
obtain a License lo engage in any trade
business or Profession for which a License
is required shall ngistcr with the Town
, lerk or bis Assistant, bis or ber name or
Style, and in case of a firm or company
(lit ir names or styles of such firms or com
panies, and I heir places of business.
3d, Their trade, business or profession
for ufech a Liceuse is required.
?Jib. The place where such trade, busi
ness i# profession is to be curried oti; all
of which, and answers to questions relative
to which fi st tie fiten ?iii?ier ?uMt;
Sr.e. IV. If any person or persons shall
Cxerciso or carry on any Trade. Business
or Profession for the exercise carrying on
or doing of which a liceusc is re
quired by this ordinance without taking
itul such license as in thai behalf required
he, she or they shall besides being liable
for the payment of the license, bo subject
lo a fine not exceeding $100 or less
than S5 anil to bo imprisoned for a term
not more than thirty days, for each nnd
CTery violation of this ordinance.
Hue. V. lu every license to be taken out
under or by the authority of this ordinance
? hall be contained and set forth the purpose
Trade. Husincss or Profession, for which
such License is granted and the name or
place of business of the person or persons
taking out the samo
Sk.c. VI. The Town Clerk shall preparo
a proper form of License lo be issued in
each case which License shall bo kept by
the person receiving the same in a conspi
cious place as the Town Clerk may direct
Sec. VII. A License granted after the
1st day of April A. I). 11-80 shall conlinn-? in
force until the 1st day of April A- U. 1H31
and all licenses grunted after the. 1st day
of April 18S0 shall be issued upon the
payment ot a rateable proportion e-f the
whole amount of money imposed for such
Lirense provided however that no License
be grunted far less than three months
thongh the time at the end of the year be
less than that
8t<\ VIII. Kach License granted shall
be dated en the 1st day of the month in
which the liability 1 herelnr accrues and t he
Hicouut to be paid therefor shall be com
puted therefrom until the end of the year;
nnd every person exercising or carrying
on any trade, business or profession shall
keep said License in their possession, and
unless they shall do so shall be deemed
and taken to have no License, and it shall
be the duly of the Towq Marshal and
Detective force to report any violation
kvc IX. fpoii the removal of any per
son or persons from the home or premises
l nt which the trade, business nr professiun
I mentioned in such was authorized it may
j and shall bo lawful for the Town (Merk tc
authorize by endorsement ef such Liconsc,
the person rcmoviug as aforesaid to any
othc place in the corporation to carry on
(he trade, business or profession specified
in stich License at the pls.ee to rrhich such
person may have removed
I Sr.c. X. Fora License to carry on any
| trade, business or profession hereinafter
mentioned shall bo paid to the Town Clerk
cr Treasurer, viz ?
Apothecaries, $25; Ambrotypists for one
year or less $5; Architects, f.i; Agents of
Sewing Machines each 10; Auctioneers and
Commission Merchants, resilient $ !0; no
liceus- s to be granted fer less than six
months; Auctioneers, transient, perdav. $?">.
Harbers each $:* Hanks $01); lluggies that
haul for hire $.'i; Hakeries ami Confectioners
$10; Blacksmiths, $:!; Hoot and Shoe Mak
ers, $:t; Billiard 1'ubles each $20; Hoard
ing houses 5- It rick Yard, $ 10.
Contractors, $10; Carriage Makers $11!.50:
Circuses per day r?"; Carriages, that haul
h>r hire, $ 0, Cabinet Makers $f>.
Logs each >1; Drays $.'t; Dentists, each.
$10; Dealers in lioods, Wares and Merchan
dize other (hun distilled Spirits whose an?
! liual sales are not over $5000, $10; and for
each additional $ lOUO or fraction t hereof, 75
Gunsmiths, $'t: Came Tables of any kind
whatsoever other I lo. 11 Billiard,
Hackt?, that haul for hire $?"?; Linkster?
for this fiscal year or part thereof. $2;
Hotels. $1*2.50; Harness Makers and Re
pairers, $;">; Horsey and Mule* head (soldJ
Insnennoe Companies. life or fire, on
each Company represented. $10.
.Irwc'crs, Watch and Clock Repairers,
$10: Junk Shops, $5.
Liquor Dealers; hy the quart, $-">0; Li
quer Dealers, by the glass tr otherwise,
$100, provided that no Kvensc bo granted
for less than six months.
Livery Stables, $?">; Lawyers, $10 each,
whether in linn or not.
Physicians ? ach $.">; Peddlers per month
$10; Painters each $?>.
Newspapers, each, $5.
ttcpairvrs of Furniture $-; Restaurants,
Sale Stable* each ?30; Shows, side and
concerts, per night $5; Salesmen, Itinerant,
per day, $5.
Wagons that haul for hire $.1; Wheel
Tinners, $10; Tanneries, $5; Tailors, $?*?;
1 dh graph ? ompanie**. $10.
Master Mnchanics $5; Machine**, Rice
Mills $10: Plaining Mills$ft;Grist Mill*
$.r>; Saw Mills $0; Mdlenors$5.
SKC XL Beit further Ordained, That all
1 male inhabitants of the Town of Orange,
burg between the ages of IK and 50 (ac
tive firemen excepted) shall be li'.blc to
road duty, and shall also be subject to a
compound tax of $2 each which said tax
shall be appropriated to the uses and im
proTcmonts of the corporation.
Sn\ Xll. He it further Ordained, That
Hucksters License shall not bo lixble to
any deduetien on account of the time in
which such License shall be issued.
I Src. XI IL lie it further Ordained, That
ilhe owner or owners of degs within the
[ Town of Orangcburg 8. fJ. shall pay a tax j
of $1 upon each and evci/ dog owned by J
him, her or them, and that (he ewner or
1 owners thereof shell be provided with a
I collar tobe lurnished at the expense of the
Town, and on and after tho tir.sl day of
June next ensuing, any dog ewrtcd by any
I persou living in s.iid Town, found upon the
streets without such colUr shall bo taken
! up by the Marshal and the owner nolsifled
I thereof, and it such owner or owners shall
fail to pay the license upon such dog or
dogs within five days alter being so notifi
ed, said dog or dogs shall be killed.
Bkc. XIV. Heitfurther Orduintd, That
all ordinances or parts of ordinances levy
ing a tax or prescribing thy modo or time
of returning or paying the sauio or any
other regulation in relatiou thereto arv
hereby continued in full foroo and effect so
fir as the samo are not in conflict with the
I provision of this ordin ance.
skc. XV. He it fmther Ordained, That
all Town Taxes on real estate re
quired under this ordinance shall be paya
ble within (HO) thirty days from the (20)
twentieth day of April A. D. 1US0. All
taxes unpaid after the expiration of the
j thirty (30) days shall bo subject lo an ad
ditionai tax of twenty per centum on real
estate and twenty per centum on Licenses.
' St.c. XVI. lie it further Ordained, Thai
all approved claims against the Town
be icccived in payment of taxes and liccn
scs and other dues against the W wit.
Sec XVII. He it further OrdainedTbut
the fiscal year shall begin on the first day
of April. A. D. 1H0S
Sxc. X\T1 L i>V it further Ordained, Thai
this ordinance shall remain in force until
amended or repealed,
SEC. XIX. lie it 'further Ordained, That
all ordinances or part of ordinances mili
tating against this ordinance be and the
Banjo are hereby repealed.
Ratified March -2th, 1SK0,
.1. S. A1.bkro?tti1 Acting Mayor.
t\ It. v w- t>rk.
Regular and Transient Boarders can get
good aud reasonable Board at tins excel
lent Boarding House which I have opened
to meet the growing needs of Orangeburg.
It in located in a desirable locality, con
venient to tlie business portion of lue town
and travelling public.
F. H. W. BRIGQMANN.
mar 10 3m
Okakgebukg?Ik Common Plkas.
Elernbeth C. L. Dnkes, and A?bury P. H.
Duke*, as Distributees and also as Ad
mistrators of the Estate of Abraham S.
Abraham S. Dukes, Jacob T. Dukes, Ed
ward G. Dukes, ferry 0. Dukes, Marion
F. Dukes, Ailer C. A. Dukes and W. C.
By virtue of tbc decree of the said Court
I will sell at Orangeburg ourt Mouse, on
the rirst Monday in April. 1M8I( during the
lawful liours ?>f sale, the following Heal
Estate of which the late Abraham S. DukeH,
Was seized and poK?esned at the time of his
death, situate in Orangebnrr County:
1. that certain lot ef land in Kranehrillc,
fronting East on Main stroct 07 feet, anil
running bark on the North line along
Edwards strest ^0?'> feet, bounded .South by
lot of Ashury P. H. Dukes, and West bv lot
ef J. I). Rhoad.
'i- That certain tract of land, known as
the Mill Bond tract, containing lUU acres,
more or lr?, and bounded by land* of
Frederick, and Fairy and Abraham 8.
Terms--One-half cash, and the balance
on a credit of one year, with interest from
day of Sale, and secured by hond and mort
gage of premises purdiaKcd, atid purchaser
lo pay for papers and recording.
0 it a n u Kiicna?In Common Pleas.
Anna M.'Millions and R. Benson Tarrant
as Administtators of the P-state of John
R. Millions, deceased, Plai.iliffs
Thomas M. Rayzor, and others, Defendants.
By virtue of I he judgment in this action,
1 will *rll at auction, on the first Monday in
April 1881, at Orangeburg Court House
during the '-egal hours of sale:
All that certain tract of land containing
??A acres, more or less, situate in the
County of Orangeburg, and bounded North
by land of Thomas C l'hillips, and having
such shape marks, courses and distances as
arc set forth in plat of John J. galley De
puty Snrrevor,datcd September 10, 1>,S1 ?
( eing a tract bargained by tbe lale John H.
A/ilhous to the said Thumas C. Phillips,
Terms of sale?One-fourth Cash, and the
balance on n credit ol one. two anil three
years, hearing interest from day of sale and
secured by bond and moitgagfof the premi
ses purchased, Purchaser to pay for papers
THOM AS \V. GLOVER,
Maker's Office. March 9, 1S.S1.
5 Cts. per Yd.
JUST RECEIVED aT
0 R2LA.T SEDUCTION
Closing ont the entire .Stock of
\\ inler Dress Goods
01 all descriptions at exceptionable^
Also]onr entire 8f\ck of
Consisting of Bova, Youths and Men's wear
will be closed out at
To make room for large purchaser of
Offered in Children* and Ladies Cloaks,
Bhawls, Men's wear, Ac <tc
FALL STOCK OP
Just received and will be sold cheap.
HEW &#&XSCG STOCK
Will be opened in a few wcoks.
will be sold CHEAP at
The undersigned have formed a copart
nership for the practice of medicine in all
its brauch?. Office at Dr. Fnir's drugstore
in the villnirO'of St. Matthews. 4 .
W. l. POU. m. d.
W. t?C. BATES, if. D.
M> 8 f x
CALL AT THE
BREAD, HOLLS, CAKES,
AI?o Raisins, Carrsnta, Citren, Nu??
and Canned Ooodaof all kind*.
A fresh lotlof Confectionery now
on hand, and a full a.?rtoi imoul of
Vis: Cups and Saucers, Vases, Toilet 8?U,
Lolls, Tea Sets, Mugs, Tin Tots ?f all
descriptions, Lamp Stands. Chil
dren's Chairs, Wagons, Hook
ing Horses, Ac , Ac , Ac. j
Call at oner and get what you want for
Christmas. Partie* wishing articles fer
Christmas Trees will do Well to come now
white they can make a good selection.
Don't fail to eall at
T. W. Alberjfotki'?
And be ooeiTiaoed v&at Kamt?. Clans will
soon b* hero.
T II K
Brought to Orangeburg C. If.
Come at onre and sec for Yourselves.
Leader of LOW PRICKS in Orange
Next to the CALIFORNIA 8TORK.
mar .'I 3t
THE UNDERSIGN ED
?f TtlTcrH to IiIh fricsidn and fbe
public, at the store recently occupied
A full Stock of General
A call solicited ^>nd satisfaction guaran
Will be made a apodalty.
W. B. THOMPSON.
jiine 4 1SS0 lr
James Van Tassel,
Cn band and receiving daily Fro-li Oro
rie?. ami the Kittest Hra ds of Liquors in
ism. RltOHTON STRKKT, *
ORANOKUURfi. 8. 0.
A fine lot of
Sold & Plate Jewelry,
Ladies, Misses and Children Sets,
Rings, Charms, &c.
Watcho and Clods
MILPRKN'S KARS MERCED frei?
of Charge when Lings are I'oujhl.
( all before hnvins ?dsewhere.
W. F. H?>b in son.
Ws&TCgM ft TTTETrt,
A5D DRA1.BR IN
Musical Instrument?, Ac.
All those in need of a good pair of
SPECTACLES or EYEGLASSRS
ean be perfectly suited.
jflOF* All repairs car*fully and
octS 1380 tf
Olt AISTO EBURG
G. "^ATECKlir & SON,
ONE DOOR LAST OF
Dr. J. G. Wannamaker,
INT aamfacturers. *??" ??d
Dealers in all kinds of American and
Murhle nml Slate Mantels,
And all kinds of [Stone Work furn
ished to any design.
Polished Granite Work
Either Native or Foreign to order at
Lowest Possible Prices/
Correspondence solicited with those
in rrant ot any work in the above
line. oct 1?ly
Afr. C R. Jones keeps good hsrses nn.l
buggies for hire, and is also prepared to do
all kinds of hauling promptly on shot t
notice. Terms reasonable
C. R, JONER.
EST qnalitv Condensed . Hlk at