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THE ORANGEBUilG TIMES.
ISSUED EVERY THURSDAY MORNINO,
8T1LES U. MELLICHAHP,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
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One Copy one Year.$1 00
" "Six Month* . 75
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ggy- Wg are in no way responsible (er
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THURSDAY, AUGUST 4, 1881.
The clever letter of Mr. Baldwin,!
on our outside of this week's issue,
together with the recent discussion in
the National Teacher's Association
at Atlanta, growing out of the posi
tion taken by Dr. Newell, furnishes
a fruitful theme for reflection.
Mr. Newell's. position, which is
endorsed by Mr. Baldwin, seems to j
be, that in our "old field" or "country
Bchools," only one-fourth as much
spelling, and one-third as much
arithemetic should be taught, "ex
punging fractious entirely," that
history and geography should be
abolished as text books, and used
only as reading exercises, and that no
grammar should be taught at all,
leaving that to the College.
In these views, as we gather from
the reports in the News and Courier,
Hi. Newell found only one man, in
that large and influential gatheriug
of thebest educators from every part
of the Union, to agree with him, and
that was Mr. Rickoff. We read that
at the conclusion of his paper, Dr.
Wm. T. Harris, Superintendent of
the Schools of Missouri, and leader
of the Concord School of Philoso
phy, "jumped to the platform, amid
applause, and said he would protest
against any such change. The stu
dies condemned are the windows
through which the child may look
bej'oud. Grammar, especially, deals
with language, and language re
moves men from brutes. He would
teach thoroughly the first steps and
lay a foundation, whether the super
stucture were placed upon it or not.
Presidept White, of Pardue Univer
sity of Indiana, also defended the
present curriculum as laying a good
foundation." This was evidently the
sentiment of the Association.
We don't know that the idea of
Dr. Newell was altogether wrong, but
when turned in one direction he does
not seem to know where to atop. He
is too extreme. We believe with Mr.
Baldwin that tho tendency is to crowd
the child with too many books in the
elementary school, but we can't agree
wholly with his wiews, as expre ssed
in his letter, nor with those of Dr.
Newell. Their mistake seems to us to
be, an erroneous view of the true aim
of education, which is the training
and developing of all the faculties of
the mind. And what are some of
these which should be directly reach
ed? They are perception, memory,
aud reason. And how are these to
be educated or developed?
To answer this question fully and ?
particularly, would require more space
than could be given, but, to answer
generally, we will simply adopt the
language of Dr. Calkins, the distin
guished educator of New York:
"The child must be trained in
school to learn from nature out of
school. Teaching implies the proper
guida.icc of the learner to the sour
ces of knowledge. Learning is self
tuition; teaching is the superintend
ence of learningor self-tuition. Cram
ming is not teaching. It is the op
posite of developing, since it imposes
ready-made results. For children
from five to ten, teach facts and train
the perception; from ten to fifteen,
train the memory by geography,
declamation, die, and from fifteen to
twenty, train the reason by mathe
matics, logic and the natural scien
ces. First learn the nature of the
child; then what to teach; then the
art of teaching."
If the idea of Dr. Newell is carried
out, the child will be thrown out into
the world with but a portion of his
faculties trained. It will be a one
sided education. The naemorj
should not be entirely ignored. It is
tho store house of the mind. For its
development it requires constaut ex
crcisc as the mus Ics of the bod}-. And
what exercise will Dr. Newell's plan
As to grammar, it is'the key to
language. Language is the vehicle
of thought. We use it as we do our
breath. The infant from the cradle
struggles to acquire it, and it is our
comfort and solace even to the grave.
Grammar unlock? and simplifies it.
Why then deprive the pupil at the
"old field school," where alone he is
to draw all of his education, of its
Before concluding, wc must notice
briefly another point in Mr. Bald
win's letter. He says, "ask any of
the citizens, and they will any that
the expenditure of the public fund in
most cases is a miserable failure."
This is unfortunate*, and yet it seems
to be in accord with the popular cry
that the free school system is a fail
ure. Wc would only suggest that the
calling the system a failure is not the
way to make it a success, The fact
is, tho free school system is a blessiug
or not just as the people make it. If the
people would take it as they find it
au' properly utilize it, it will be a great
blessing. If they depend upon the
public fund alone, it is too small to
do the whole work. To increase it
as the work demands, would require
such a tax that the tax payer would
rebel. As the levy now stands, there
is a sufficient fund to keep the schools
open three or four months. What
then is the plan? Plainly for the
patrons to come to the rescue and
add their means to the public fund
and keep the schools going in each
community at least uiue months in
the year. We know of a number of
schools in Orangeburg County that
are working upon this co-operative
plan with complete and gratifying
success.* There is no difficulty at all.
Just educate the people to this and
all will be well.
Again, Mr. Baldwin says, "a good
plan would be to have an examiner,
with a moderate salary, to examine
and enquire into the efficiency of
teachers." This duty is already in
the hands of a Board consisting of
Mr. W. L. Glaze, Prof. Jas. L. La
Roche and the School Commissioner.
We can testify, from personal know
ledge, that the two gentlemen named
have been thorough and conscien
tious in the discharge of their duties
on the Board, regardless of the ab
sence of the moderate salary.
The examinations, morally and in
tellectually, are as rigid as circum
stances will permit, and the character
and efficiency of the teacher has
been greatly improved.
We are convinced, from the expe
rience we have had, that with less op
position, and more co-operation on
the part of the people, and with in
creased zeal aud work on the part of
school officers, our present system
can auc. will, accomplish all that may
be desired, and will prove a blessing
to generations to come.
The Lien Lavr.
At the meeting of the State Agri
cultural Society in Greenville last
week, a resolution was passed, amid
great applause, that "the lien law
I ought to be speedily, finally and
forever abolished." This is uo un
certain verdict of the agricultural
class on this subject, and as the lar
mers are by far the largest and most
important part of the community,
and are most directly affected by the
law, the decision will not fail to have
its weight. There are arguments
pro and con on the lien law as upon,
all other subjects; but it seems to us
that the true way to consider it iu, in
the light of interest, and iu this way
we will be apt to arrive at a correct
conclusion as to its merits or de
merits. The lien upon the crops is
nothing more than securit}' for
money borrowed. Interest, as is
well known, when not regulated by
law, is always proportioned to the
degree of security. If the security
is bad, the interest will be high. If
it is good, interest, will be low.
And nobody can be blamed for this.
The lien upon the crops is as uncer
tain as the vicissitud* ? of the season?,
and the instability of labor. As a
consequence of this uncertainty,
interest will be high, and we are
little surprised, when we add to this
consideration, the natural disposi
tion to self preservation, which is
common to humanity. The usury
law was passed to protect the money
borrower, but the lien law now en
gulfs h im worse than ever. On the
other hand there are those who claim
that no one is compelled to resort to
the use of this law, ar d that it opens
the way for thos^ who have no other
security to offer to obtain advances.
But we lose sight of the fact that
such enormous interest is ruinous,
and that it hurts the borrower worse
than the lender. What we need is
strong security for the protection of
the merchant, and light interest for
the good of the farmer, and then all
can live. Doubtless the questiou will
be fairly and thoroughly discussed,
and the next Legislature will be call
ed upon to fender a final verdict.
We hope it will be a wise and satis
Mr. Editor: For several years back
Oraugeburg has been progressing
with wonderful strides. Her material
growth is shown in the large number
of private residences erected and
building now. Her progress is shown
in her improved ami well patronized
schools, and in numerous other indi
cia of a thriving town. She has
made within a few days another and
a very forward step on the road to
civilization. There has been a want
felt here for a long time of some place
of amusement where the young of
both sexes might gather socially and
innocently, and with.mutual bencfitr
a place which would particularly
draw the young men from idleness
and questionable amusements, nn?i
throwiug them with the other. sex, im
prove their morals and manners as
well. This want has at last been
supplied. Miss Thomson's dauciug
school has furnished this desired
need. At this school the young peo
ple meet, and not only enjoy an inno
cent diversion, but arc ti.ught nn ac
complishment which is now recog
nized in the civilized world as a ne
cessity, and which, having mastered
they will never regret through life.
We visited Miss Thomson's school
on several occasions and were im
pressed with the patience, energy and
skill which she exerts in imparting
to her pupils, already nuraberiugover
thirty, that charming accomplish
ment which she so thoroughly and
so gracelully understands. The im
provement in the little ones (girls)
I could not speak of as they are nat
urally graceful, but of somo of *ho
awkward squad of boys, ranging
from 10 years to 30,1 will say, I hard
ly recognized them; they had under
gone such a change for the better.
The graces were showing out in all.
It would be well for all persona
who would avail themselves of .the
talent and experience of this accom
plished lady, not to let this opportu
nity pass, but give their children this
chance cf being happy, and of tho
roughly learning that which is recog
nized as conducive to health, grace
and manner?. Miss T's past splen
did record has been fully borne out
by her success in Orangcbnrg.
When we visited her school we no
ticed such a decided progress, and
we noticed such thorough enjoyment, 1
among the dancers, with such capital
dancing, that we felt like forgetting
our grey hairs and cork-leg and try
ing to be a boy again. Besides the
30 scholars, ranging from the dear
little souls of five and six years up to
the bass toned man of thirty, there
were numerous visitors, all of whom
seemed to enjoy the fun and admire
the woudei ful proficiency of the schol
Miss Thomson, we believe, gives a
Soiiea on Friday*, when all I say can
be verified by the public generally.
Truly M iss Thomson is a blessing to
the civ lization of Orangeburg.
-E Dil (IB lib GLEANING S.
Senator Beck of Kentuckey will be
returned to Congress.
Lamar of Mississippi will undoubt
cdly be re-elected.
Senator Hill is getting over the tu
Splendid rains have fallen above
Conkling says he is done with poli
tics now and forever.
Several election rows occurred in
Kentuckey ou Tuesday.
A new Court House ia spoken of
by the County Commissioners of Ma
Ex-Goveror Saulsbury of Dela
ware died at Wilmington on Tues
Old Kentuckey, as usual, went
Democratic at the election on Tues
Judge Coolcy of Michiganr^pok
cn of as the successor of Justice Clif
Bill Arphas changed his role from
that of a humorist to that of a writer
One hundred and sixty teachers
were enrolled the fiist day at the
Teacher's Institute in Greenville.
The President is recovering so fast
that it is said that his condition need
no longer be the subject of dispatch
The grand jury of Edgeficld have
recommended by a vote of twelve to
one the adoption of the stock law in
Two negroes resorted to the code
in Monroe Co., Ga, on Tuesday UBing
derringers and revolvers. One by
the name of Cheney was killed.
Associate Justice Hunt is fast de
clining into imbecility and will soon,
on this accourt, have to vacate the
The liquor men of North Carolina
aided by the Republicans, calculate
on a majority of 20,000 at the elec
tiou to be held in that State to-day.
Prof. Bell's new invention, the clce
trie balance, was used on the Presi
dent last week and the location of the
ball has been correctly and satisfac
Who would have thought that Gcu.
M. W. Gary and Don. M. P. O'Con
nor would have preceded Alex
ander H. Stephens to the "realm of
?The Institute for colored teach
crs in Columbia closed last week after
a most successful session. Much
good was done, and the teachers who
attended have a decided advantage.
The Charleston Herald says: "It
is certainly true that nothing but the
existence of Radicalism in our midst,
has been the menus of keeping pa
trician and plchinu in the same har
ness for several years past."
Superintendent Spencer F. Balrd,
of the United States fish ctfmmission
writes the department that if he meet
with his usual success in procuring
them he will furnish South Carolina
3,00,000 California Salmon eggs, as
also a supply of those of tho land
locked salmon and California trout.
Ed. Cox, who killed Bob. Alston in
Atlanta, has to feed, harness and
take care of 60 mules in the convict
camp" This is perhaps the lightest
job in the camps, still it is by no
means a soft one. Ed. Cox was a
convict lessee himself, when he fell
into his present trouble, and had the
management of a number of them
His transition from boss to convict
.was one ot the most fitful freaks of
fortune \vc have ever known.
We are determined to reduce our
stock preparatory to taking an inven
tory of the same, and will offer extra
inducements to buyers during the
We have made sweeping reduc
tions in prices through our entire line
Oui bargains are
Linen Dress goods atlO formerly 25
Plaid Dress Goods ? 12? ? 30
Union Lawns ?7 ? 12?
Black all wool bunting 20 ? 30
Colored ,, ? ? ? ? ? 20 ? 30
in a 1 dress goods
Black Grenadines 25, ctf, formerly 50.
Balbriggau Hose 25 formerly 40 cts.
64 thread all linen hemstitched hand
kercheifs 12Aeta, worth 25. Hcmstich
all linen needle worked corners at
15 cts, worth 30.
? i cohse t
at 00 cts worth $1
Linen Damask Towels at 25 cts
worth 40. This is a wonderful reduc
tion and only a few more left. Table
Linens, Napkins, Bed Spreads and
Lace Curtains must be closed
If you need Cassimeres, Cot
tonades, and Flannels, now is the time
-.o buy them. Fans and Parasols
at n sacrifice. Japanese parasols
at 10 and 20 cents. A 4 inch deep
Hamburg edging only 22cts, Our
line of laces is the largest and nlwa3's
cheapest in town.
In the Clothing lino we have
marked down the balance of stock
at prime cost and no humbug. Blue
Flannel suits $J2,50, former price$15
Linen Dusters $2
A Few more nobby styles
straw hats your own prices. Must
SHOES I SHOES! SHOES!
A reduction of 50cts on all low
quartered goods to close out summer
stock. As usual all shoes warrant
ed ai represented.
THE WHITE Sewing Machine and
gaining favor continually.
BUTTERIOKS Fashions for July
and August read}'. Ladies call
and get a copy free.
A FRESH SUPPLY
Jeweller, Orangeburg S. C.
Notice to Consumers of
YOUR attention is called to a few brands
of my line Fmoaking and chewing
Tobaeco'a, alpo Segaraand tegarettra, which
I make a npccialty: ? Chewing?Celebrated
Buzz Saw, the Golden Bar, Corn Cob,
Miquc, Early Bird, Capt. Jack, Aurora
Pan (.ate, Boozl, Wold Unowned Mills
Flora One Cut, and many other brande
which are not mentioned here, alwayB
on hand; 6'moking: W. T. Blokwella Si Co'e.
Durhum, the only genuine, BlockwellB
Long Cut, for PipeB and Cigretts, Morburg
Bros. Melro8e Curly Cut, Smokers Truest
Friend, Lurillord Solid, put up in tin foil,
G. W. Guil & Ax celebrated Crown Brand.
Segara?wirabeHa, Private Stock, Quecie
L ittle Lorcno, Dona Sal, Ornato, Black
H oop, Favorite, tnimpre State. Cigarettes
--Lone Fisherman, Pride of tho North,
Little Joker, Blackwell'B Durham. All of
the above are guaranteed to be first classa
Give mc a cali and be convinced that t
keep the best Tobacco's in the market.
Look for the Blue iStore.
FKaNK BISHER, Agt.
D. I Sil k CO
J E would respectfully ask the public,
to call and examine our stock of
In endless variety.
In all the Latest and most Fashionable
Both Staple and Fancy
The World Renowned
LYON BAKING- POWDER
In I, J, A and 1 lb package*, guaranteed
Best of all or money refunded.
Direct from the Mills, and we call particu
lar attention to two of our Fancy brands,
Which cannot be equaled in this Market,
and which in withiu tho reach of the
poor as well aa the rich.
A full and well 8clectcd Steel, from $7 50
to ?12 00 per set.
From $2 to $12.
From the Beat Factoricn in North Carolina
and Virginia, Low for Cash.
For Ladies, Minsen, Children, Men, X'ouths
Boya in great variety.
TIME will not allow us to mention onr
Entire Stock. . Come and look and
you will bo pleased. Buy and you will bo
?>.!. 8MOAS *0?<
Over a mil
lion of THL
Pads have- al
cady been rold
n this country
ind in France;
every one of
rhich has git
sn perfect aat?
We now say w tue afflicted and doattio g
ones that we will pay the above reward
for a single cate of ?, .
-lasse bach: ?
That the Pad fails to care. This Qrea
Remedy will positively and permanently
cure Lumbago, Lame Back, ftciatlta,
Gravel, D'nbctes, Dropsy, Bright's Disease:
of the Kidneys, Incontinence and Betes*
tion of the Urine, Inflamation cf the
Kidneys, Catarrh of the Bladder, High
Colored Urine, Pain in the Bach, Side or ?
Loins, Nervous Weakness, and in fact ail
disorders of the Bladder and Urinary
Organs whether contracted by privata
disease or otherwise.
LadieH, if you are suffering from
Female Weakness, Leueorrhcea, or any
disease of the Kidneys, Bladdci, or Urin?
ary OrganH, - ' ?
YOSJ CAN.BE CIJREDJf
Without swallowing nauseous medicines
by simply n caring
FRENCH KIDNEY PAD,
WHICH CURE8 BY ABSORPTION.
Ask your druggist for PROF. GUIL?
METTE'8 FRENCH KIDNEY PAD, and
take no other. If he has not got it, send
$2.00 and you will receive the Pad by re
PROF. GITLMETTE'S FRENCH LIVER
Wi 1 positively cure Fovci and Agno,
Dumb Ague, Ague Cake, Billious Feter.
Jaundice, DyBpepsia, and all diseases of the
Liver, Stomach a.id Blood. Price $1 60
by mail. Send for Prof. Guilmettc's Tree
tise on the Kidneys and Liver, free by on ij.
FRENCH PAD CO.
For sale by Dr. J. O. Wannamaker
Oitngcburg, C. H., 8. C.
rmay 19, 1831 ly. ..
is now ottering f
in the balance of his
Prices reduced 25 to 75 per ceut.
All those desiring to save money
should not fail to call at the
in the prices of all Summer wear.
Call early and procure Bargains.
The "HOUSEHOLD" SEWING
MACHINE entirely hew, perfect,
easy running and simple. Also the
GREAT STANDARD, "THE
DOMESTIC,*' together with Needles
<kc, always oil hand at
Offick of County Comuishiohkrs, '
Oranqkbuko Comer v.
Orangoburg; 8, C,. July 23rd 1881,
Notice is hereby given, that one or wore
of the board' of County Com minion era
for said County.' will attend at''Slab Land
ing," on North Edisto River, in said coun= ?
on the 28rd day of August 1881; for the pur
pose of giving out tho contract forth* build
ing of a bridge across said North. Edisto Kir
cr at Slab Landing. The contract will h?
awarded to the lowest responsible bidder.
Tho right to reject any and all bids being
A bond with sufficient surety. in doublo
the amount of bid will ho required from
the person taking the contract.
Specifications made known, on the. 2,3v\
day of Auguet 1881,
By Order of Board/ r'
" . L. H. WANN AMEER,
uly -S 3t Clerk of Board.