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___J _^_V_ ? ? 'I '(VII.'.
VoL II. ORANGEBTJRG, S. C.s FRIDAY, .SEPTEMBER 24, I88O. [ISTo. 39.
_'_ i , .
The Great Weit.
Rdttors Orangeburg Democrat:
It is a trite hut truo saying of the
iLatin poet, tempora mutanlxir et nos
pmiamer in Ulis?the changing times
bring changes to us. The disintegra
tion and subversion of our social and
political systems, which followed as a
sequence of our failure in the war of
secession, and the attempt to remod
el them after the models of New
England, and the disastrous conse
quences to our country of these ill
considered innovations caused many
of our best citizens to look to other
climes and lands for homes. At one
time it was even thought that an uni
versal hegira of the white population
was inevitable, and many good men
did go. But wickedness and fraud
and falsehood in high places could
not 'endure forever, and with the
changes in the administration of the
internal affairs of the State have
come most beneficial changes in tho
social and domestic relations of the <
people, and the alternative of ruin
here or emigration no longer exists.
Having pnssed seven months of the
present year in the rice and sugar
lauds of Southwestern Louisiaua, it
has been suggested to me to present
to oar people through the medium of
your paper a few facts gained by in
dividual observation and experience.
I was induced to go out there through
representations of the surpassing
richness of the lands and the assur
ance of an easily acquired competen
cy, if not a small fortune iu a lew
So far as the laud is concerned
throughout the Delta of the Missis
sippi it is absolutely superb, but flic
drawbacks to success are so many
und so great that I found that too of- j
ten where one man succeeds five fail,
and that frequently success is as
much due to adventitious circum
stances us to any other cause. .Near
ly the whole country might he called
?'bottom land" for it ubounds in
bayous, little and big lakes, marois
flotanUs, (iremb'ing prairies,) and
frog ponds,and the arable land is only
the ridges between these bayous,
lakes and prares. Well-nigh tbe en
lire country is liable to be overflowed
by crevasses in the levees of the
river and. numerous bayous, and the
area of laud above overflow is very
rarely in the market, and when it is,
from 950 lo $100 per aero can hardly
touch it, for it cannot de surprised
for cotton, corn, sugarcane and vege
Tho general health of the country
is good, which is surpassing, but
there is over present upprehension of
yellow fever or cholera during the
autnmpr and autumn, and there is not
a store or house in the country that
has not cholera medicines in it, and
itinerant venders of patent cholera
remedies are frequently passing.
Mosquitos, yellowflies, gnats, alli
gators, crawfish, frogs and snakes are
prodigious in size and quantity. It
is necessary for weeks at a time to
make a smoke after sunset; around the
houses for protection against the
mosquitoes. In some sections horses
and other stock have to be kept oiled
to protect them from winged and j
crawling insects. It is a fine country
for people of wealth for they can go
to the many attractive summer re
sorts on the shores of the Gulf and
avoid these pests and spottrgos. The
water, which is execrable, 1 believe!
to be the exciting cause of tho chole
ra. Throughout my tour of travel I
conversed with all grades and classes
of mon, and from close observation
and experience I have learnt that the
great West is immensely overrated,
and by a comparison of advantages
and disadvantages that South Caro
lina is as desirable a State to live in
as anywhere else. Considering her
social, educational ami religious ad
vantages, transportation facilities,
public improvements and multifilied
resources ?nd industries, and the fer
tility of the soil, which is yearly im
proving and increasing iu value
through the more judicious modes of
fertilization and cultivation now be
coming more geuerally adopted.
Considering these conditions, it is
unnecessary for her young men or
any of her citizens, who have the
means of earning an honest livlihood
here to look beyond her limits for
[ any royal road wealth.
One feature which struck me with
great force and wnich is characteris
tic of the people of the West, except
in Southern Lousiana, where local
attnements of tho people are wonder
ful, is their nomadic character and in
clinations?there is so little perma
nency, so little fixedness of habita
tion. No matter how well settled a
man may be, what his improvements
are, the fertility of his soil or tho ex
tent of hia herds, his place is almost
invariably for sale, and he has hiB
eyes fixed on some point further
westward. Can there botany proper
development of tbe industries and re
sources of a State when this wander
iug, unsatisfied spirit is inherent in
her population ?
' We have beard of tbe immense ag
ricultural as well as mineral and
other resoueccs of some pf tbe newer
States ot tbe great northwest-Minne
sota, Colorado, Nebraska, Kan908,
and tbe tide of immigration is pour
ing into those Slates in nstonishish
ing and constantly increasing vol
ume. Bui there is always something
the matter with those States. In one
season there is the grasshopper, then
tbe Colorado beetle, potato bug9 and
every other kind of bug, that destroy
every vestige of vegetation?then
storms and hurricanes and cyclones,
Iben snow six feet deep, and then
a year of drought and consequent
starvation to thousands of poor set
tlors who were induced to settle in
those great lands of promise by high
ly colored railroad show bills and
circulars. Nothing of the kind ever
happens in South Carolina.
My advice to any one who con
templates moving westward is to go
on there and stay sometime and
get all tbe points of the situation be
fore moving permanently. Take no
man's word without the evidences of
your own senses. D. R. Jamison.
Blaine, tbe "plumed knight" of
Maine, is unhoised of the glittering
armor that erst he wore, bedraggled,
and generally sorely discomforted.
Jim Blaine, as he is called by the friv
olous non-respecters of persons, has
experienced another severe fall. lie
is nearing tbe bottom of the hill, and
has leisure to look back at the distance
be has descended since four years ago
when be bad only a hair's breadth be
tweou him and the Presidency. With
the most unflagging and vigorous ef
fort, be has failed to carry his own
State. He is slipping further and fur
ther back from his goal every year,
and must realize that fact. With all
his successes ho has missed tbe object
of his life, and therefore will occupy
a prominent place in the immense col
lection of failures. In common with
the otber leaders who attained leader
ship through strife and hate, he is be
ing forced into the back ground by
tbe peace and good will that extend
the circle of light everytdny, bringing
confusion and weakness to Blaine and
the bats who lived upon darkness and
desolntion. The ruins arc being re
paired, and those who prospered
among them must give way as the
now Union is built up.?a Greenville
Officials who alone are entitled to
the prefix of "Honorable" in free
America. They are aa follows : Tbe
Vice-President of the United States ;
the beads of department of the United
States government; United States
Senators and members of tbe lower
house of Congress ; Lieutcnant-Gov
er.iors of the different Statee ; Judges
of Courts ; Mayors of oities. In no
Stale in tho Union are members of tbe
Legislature dubbed "lion" save in
! South Carolina, and here only by ig
j nernmusses. Sonth Carolina can also
bout the world in captains, majors and
The tremendous physical constitu
tion and energy of the Southern peo
ple, at least of the mules, is some
thing enparalleled in history. That
they spend a good portion of their
nights in riding about and engaging
iu murder, arson, robbery nnd other
crimos is conced.cd.by every Republi
can newpnper and preached from ve
ery Republican slump. An ordinary
race of men would of course, requirer
sleep and rest during tho day-time ;
but no sooner do these Southern ban
ditti arrive' home and take off their
masks and put away their pistols than
they begin the work of the day time by
raising caue cotton and other products
to a larger extont than before the war.
Some of them too, after a hn-d nights
ride, their hands still covered with
blood, go to work manufacturing the
cotton which the other Ku Klux have
raised. They even send lo the hated
North for machinery. A Northern
newspaper says that the Lcwislon
(Maine) Machine Company's works
were never so busy as now. Looms
are being made for mills in Georgia,
North and South Carolina, and the
simps are run at the fullest capacity
to lill the orders. Hence we say that
a people capable of mnnufacuring ami
raising cotton by day, and, in the
classic words of Ilorr, of Michigan,
"hell" by night, are at once the most
vigorous and the most industrious of
any people on earth.?Detrit Free
Ths Old Folks.
Do young people ever think that
they will be old ; that they will soon
Yeel that the grasshopper is a burden
and fear is ill the way? Onlj' a few
short years ago that aged man and
feeble woman were young, strong and
full of life; their young hearts were
gushing with tenderness and care lor
? ? i
the little ones who stand in their
places. Do not jostle that aged cou
ple out of your pathway, but rather
lift them with lender care over the
rough declining road. Yon may have
forgotten how they kept your tiny
feet from stumbling and with what
care they watched your advancing
steps.- But they have not forgotten,
aud the time will come when you are
forcibly reminded of it, by the love
you have for your little ones. Will
they hand you the same bittea cup to
drink that you put out for that aged
father and stricken mother. Verily,
"with tho measure ye mete, it shall j
be measured to you again." Think j
of the anxious days and nights your
mother has watched by your sick bed ;
remember her loving care; her pati-'
ence and long suffering with your
fretfuluess, and then let the blush of
shame dye your brow, that you should
be impatient or unkind to her now
that she is old. Old folks aiu such a
trial! Yes, they know it; they feel
it and so will yon be such a trial to
your chi'dreu in tho days that will
surely come : aye. and yoa will re
The Campaign As It Stands.
Senator Wallace says Hancock
will carry Pennsylnniu.
Colonel John G. Thompson hesi
tates not to assert that eleven demo
cratic congressmen will be returned
from Ohio at the coming election.
Mr. English predicts a democratic
majority of 16,000 in Indiana.
Congressman Ellis announoes that
Hancock will have 75,000 majority
Governor Matthews states it as his
deliberate opinion that West Virgin
ia will give Hancock a majority of
General Benjamin F. Butler thinks
I the democrats can easily elect four
congressmen in Massachusetts.
Senator Farley forosoes a majority
of 10,000 for Hancock in California.
No well informed democrat expec
cd lo carry Main last Monday,
Arkansas elected the democratic
stale ticket by an immenso majority.
Hancock will be elected in Novem
ber by a popular majority of 500,000.
? Washington Post. <?
Po8toffie.es in South Carolina.
There arc 682 post offices in this
State, divided between Iho counties as
follows: Abbeville, 28 ; Aiken, 26;
Anderson, 25 ; Barnwell, 23 ; Bcau-j
fort,14 ; Charleston, 23 ; Chester, 14 ; j
Chesterfield, 25 ; Chircndon, 14 ; Col-|
leton,s25 ; Darlington, 16 ; Edgefield,
40 ; ^airfield, 14 ; Georgetown, 7;
Grcebville, 34 ; Hampton, 20 ; Horry,
15 ; Kershaw, 9 ; Lancaster, 19 ; Lau
rene, |J7 ; Lexington, 24; Marion, 29 ;
Marljborougb, 9; Newberry, 14;
OconSo, 28 ; Orangeburg, 17 j Eick
ens, 18; Riehlnnd, 10; Spaitanburg.
41;?umter, 17; Union, 25; Wil
| liamspurg," 19 ; York, 28. Spartan
| burg has the largest number of offices
land Edgefield next. Georgetown has
Hie smallest number, and Kershaw
ami Marlborougb stand next above
her and then Riehland. Spaitanburg
has six offices and Edgefield live more
than Georgetown, Kershaw, Marlbo
rougb and Riehland combined. It will
he seou from this statement that the
distribution of mail matter in tbe sev
eral counties of the Stato is by no
means equal, and we think it a duty
tho ciljzens in tbe destitute districts
owe themselves that steps be taken
at ac early a day as possible to reme
dy tho matter. In this day of advan
cement and enlightenment, going ten
fifteen or twenty miles to a postofllce,
for a paper or a letter once or twice
a month, looks liko a lack of enter
prise.' We have no doubt the people
arc more to blame than the govern
ment for the deficiency.
Colored Men Read This.
The colored Republicans of Patter
son, N.J., are irate, and threaten to
bolt, the Gaifield ticket and form
Hancock campaign c ubs. They are
augcred at the action of the while
members of tho Robinson Battery of
the 2ji&U'd Ward. The organization,
was named after Dominic Robinson,
cx-Asserrblytnan, and a defeated as
pirant for tbe nomination for Con
gress, and the white and black elc
mcnts fraternized. Tho battery soon
became a formidable political coterie
of voters of all hues, and until the
ambition to have a procession mani
fested itself, the meetings were bar
monious. Tbe white brethren were
slightly in the majority, and when
the desire to parade was advanced,
they began to reason that they would
compromise themselves by walking
with arms linked to tbe negroes, and
accordingly judiciously arranged to
have all tbe white members present
at tho last meeting. The motion to
parade was made, much to Ibe de
light of tbe colored members. Tho
next resolution altored their feeliugs,
as the whites resolved that the color
ed men could not parade with them,
except as a distinct body.
"No man will ever prosper who has
the curse of a ruined women, upon
him. Tbe murderer of the body can
be tried and executed by the world's
laws, but tbe murderer of the soul Is
tried by heaven's law and the execu
tion is as sure as divine justice."
Aunt Betsy said this as she folded tbe
white hands of a beautiful girl and,
put white flowers and green leaves
about tbe marble cold forehead.
There was a liny baby beside tho girl
mother. The bouse was bushed and
there was mourning such as few
know. Half glad that the mo'her
and child were dead the rest of tbe
family must perform the last sad
office of burial and bear the family
shame. A haunted house! A ruin
ed home 1 God the architect and man
the spoiler. The curse is there, and
the destroyer cannot escape.? Wo
It is reported that in Jasper Coun
ty, Gn., last week, a Mr. Goolsby
who had been missing watermelons
from his patch,, determined to catch
tho thieves at all buzzards. Hence be
procured a quantity of arsenic and in
jected it into a number of his melons,
and tho next morning there were four
dead negroes in the patch and*a sack
of watei melons laying by each.
November bring6 no sectional war,
No bate our prosperous days to mar,
No autocrats, no would-be King,
No subsidy, no swindling King, i
No stifling of tbe public voice,
No plots agaiust the people'e choice,
No fraudulent Returning Boards,
No rulo of armed and lawless hotdes,
No theft of honest freemen's votes,
No Fraud, with all tho word denotes,
No insolent Eight to Seven job,
No games, tho public purse to rob,
No cannon at Congress aimed,
No grabs or steals, however named,
No centralizing despotism.
No deadly heresy and schism,
No petty tyrants, loud and coarse,
No bayonets, no rule of force,
No haughty, donineering few,
No venal, base and selfish crew,
No policy of false pretence,
No small official iusolencc,
No Indian wars, no fraudulent claims,
No mean and hypocritie aims,
No tangled paths and crooked ways,
No Schurz, no Sherman, no Hayes,
No bribes or loans of fees to pay,
No trace of Credit Mobilicr,
No pavement jobs, no salary steals,
No blocking of the nation's wheels,
No move in wrong direction further,
Nj slippery Gurlicld and no Arthur!
Why Don't They Take Him Up.
Mr. George Wilkes, the well-known
editor and proprietor of the New
York Spit it of the Times, in a letter
from France to the New York Sun,
of the 3d, says : ,4I have the rigiit to
say I uever made a bet in my life,
except for pride of opinion?never on
a horse race, never at a gambling
lable, never on a purely gambling
venture, never, in short, except upon
elections. But, now that we are talk
ing about betting, I will bet my old
friend Thos. Murphy, or any other
man, $10,000 that General llancook
will be elected next President of the
United States. He (Thomas Mur
phy) or auy one reading this oiler
may close with it instanter by depos
iting $10,000 with Drexnl, Morgan
oV Co., of Wall and Broad streets.
That distinguished house, if I am
not giving it too much trouble, will
accept the signature at the bottom of
this letter to the editor of the Sun as
my guarantee that they will be at lib
erty to pay the above named amount
to any depositor of like sum in favor
of the converse of my proposition."
Nick Wright is a notable colored
man of this County. He lives near
Little Mountain and carries on a
blacksmith shop as well as cultivates
a small farm. Nick has always been
a Democrat of the JcfFersonian school!
and casts his vote with the property
and intelligence ofthe country. Nick
reads the newspaper. He was among
the fir6t to subscribe and pay for the
MuUwn, and has continued to pay for
it up to the present time. He takes
both County papers and keeps posted
and is raising up an intelligent fami
ly. In this he sets an example to
many white men who take no paper
at all but sponge on their neighbors,
Nick drives to town in his own buggy
and dresses decently and still has
money enough to buy him a dram,
which ho takes with moderation.
The other day he showed us a fine
white vest which he was wearing and
told us it wa9 a present to him from
Colonel W. M. IJaddon, who fell at
head the of Orr's Rifles in 1864. Nick
has worn it for twenty-three years and
it is good yet. It is by such economy
that he gets along in tho world.?!
General T. L. Kosser, of Minnea
polis, who fonght aga'nst Hancock at
Gettysburg : "One situated like my
self might be excused for thinking
that the 'millennium' is at hand, for
when I sec the Southern 'rebel' soldi
ers earnestly at work under the Han
cock banner and remember what we
were doing sixteen years ago I can
but realize that wc arc living a new
life and ono of strong anomalies."
Young man, don't waste your ener
gies in attempting to wear too deli
cate h shade of clothes; the girls
don't care for thorn. Their ow:i fine
ry occupies their altention.
Subscribe to the Democrat.
The fashions for girio.who.c-lopo just
now arc very . plain. 11 Some 'whiter
drapery, a convenientwindow, a long
lad der, a dark night, a coach, d mih-)
ister, and tho house, pf a friend, and
the elopement is over. If/the irate* f
father, armed with a doubloibarfeldd :
coal shovel cud a- town > constable,
doosi not pursuo, the affair Is, although 1
picturosqne, not exactly a'1 successful-^
elopement. If the father of the bride
relents within two days, the1 foolich
couple are not happy. If it leaks out,,
that the mother, of the bride is' ? in the
secret much of tho pleasure ' of tho
trip is spoiled. If both the father and
mother of the bride are in the secret"';
of her going away, and have abttta-rjjr1 "
eft the ladder near the window, dr^? .'tj
that fact is found out, the elopement
is a failure. In the olden times the,,j,
eloping bride packed all her portable
goods on herself and went away heavi? i
ly laden. Now, as she is about to re
turn in a day or two in her lady friends'
dress, she goes awav quite light.
-!-? ? M
The Signal of Distress.
A colored man was busily engaged
sawing wood for a Galvesloo gentle- .
man. The "man and brother" bad a
largo Masonic breast-pin,on .his ebu*,!,)//
"Do you colored Masons and while"1!
asons affiliate? . . , .
"Don't fillyate wutT a cuss. ;)I))tl
"What's the matter?"
"Dunco, boss, but I's tried it.
Dar is a barkeeper in dis town what -
toted dis heah berry same emblem.' i
I was in distress; hadn't had a dram
in all dat morning. I came in and
g?be de distress signal.'*
"Did he respond?" '
"He didu't respond right. Jjjp,,,.
made a motion at the doah wid one >
hand and reached under the bar. I 9
made tho sign once moah and ho
fetched me betweon de shoulders
with de b?ng starter, jffts as I was
gettin' out do doah." i i?it *
Tmc Abbeville Press and Banner
says: "The impress ton has obtained
that tho letter of Senator. Butlev which ???
drew forth Col. Cash's- letter was a ?
gratuitous one. The feeling was that
tho Senator might well have let it
alone. Wo now learn that that letter i
was a private, ope to Captain Dawaon ?
and cot intenJed fox publication.
Captain Dawson was abseol ftOtt '
the city when it came, o?d lo
some way it got into the piper. But
it was not intended for that puepose,? .
If the Prcse and Banner's information ?
is correct that probably explains*
Gen. Butler's meaning in bjs letter ip
reply tu Col. Cash whore he says
"There are some things I might say
about the publication of ray letter, ,.
but I shall not do so now/' ?
Secretary Thompson wRl chorHy ....
leave again for his home in Indiana !
lo remain until afte/.tbe Sa^e election
\n October. He will prybahiy make \
several speeches before tho end of tho ,.
campaign. A statement ,Uj mn.de hero ?
to day that John P? Neys? Secretary
of the Indiana Ropub\ipftp.Gommlttco
has offered to wager 81,000 that In
diana will go Republican next bnotilty.
If Mr. New has made any suoh ofjep ..
as this, it is simply bluff. livery Ice- -
ding Republican, speaker who has'
been in Indiana expresses doubt oi
the result, and even Secretary Shcr> '
man, who has ' just come from, there
while he professes to believe that the
I Republicans will carry it, admits that ?
j the contest is. to be an exceedingly.
close one.?*J?fi??t?dTe Sah. * ,
Writing from moral Massachusetts
to the Courier-Journal, "JPay" says .
"I find that the country farmer ex
pects to have during his life two or
three wives. Drudgery and hard
work kill oil the women, and the hits-1
band soun supplies her pluco, for there
must lie a woman to do tho chores."
Rural Massachusetts must be the
Bohemia of the United States. What
a funny land where the men kill the
wives by hard work and tho women
submit to it.
Advertise iu the Democrat.