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II. G. 8?EKIDAK, i ? ,
, ? o > Proprietors.
Jambs L. ?Sims, I 1
One Vear.$tl OO
Six Months. r>0
First Ituertion, per square.1 <><>
Each Subsequent Insertion.?50
SHERIDAN & SIMS,
Orangeburg, S. C.
Okangkuuuu, S. v.. Nov. 10; 1SS0.
New Jersey lias s.ood up bravely
for honest government, ami we here
by slate that It has I be finest climate
and best cider known, ami no mosqui
And now it turns out that the Mo
rey Chinese letter was a forgery job
put up cu Garfield. Well, wc sin
cerely hope that the perpetrators ol
the hoax will be punished.
Mr. T. W. Briggs, of Clarendon
County, has eight sons whose average
height is six feet one inch, and aver
age weight 201 pounds. The short
est is flve feet ten, the tallest six feet
two, the heaviest weighs 275, and the
lightest 175 pounds.
Arkansas will not be represented
' -in Congress by a negro after all. The
? report that Johnson, a colored barber
was elected over Dunn in the First
District proves to bo incorrect. There
was, it appears, no basis lor it what
ever. It bad its origin in the fcrtih
imagination of some associated press
There arc in South Carolina 1-1,625
more females than males. A Texas
paper says South Carolina girls make
good wives, and advises a few thous
and of them to emigrate to the Lone
Star State, where the male popula
tion predominates acel a passably
. .-good looking woman is certain to get
? a husband
The New York Herald asks "where
arc the Grecubackers ?" The Char
lotto Obseiver replies that Weaver
?will have a close race with the Tem
perance candidate for foot of the list.
1 He polled six thousand votes in Ohio
"out of six hundred thousand, and
about as many in Indiana. Fifty
thousand out of nine million will be
' the strength of "the party of the fu
Tin; election results, so far as they
relate to the political complexion of
the next Congress, are now precisely
known. The Senate after the 1th
of March will consist of ?7 Demo
crats, 87 Republicans and 2 Indepen
dents. Tbu House will consist of 2?3
members, of which 147 make up a
majority. This body will stand as
follows: Republicans 149, Democrats
141, Greenbaekors 3.
There is trouble in Kershaw. The
Kcrsbaw Gazette recently published
an attack on Colonel L. W. R. Blair,
Greenback candidate for Governor.
Ho replies charging that the objee
tionable articles were really the work
of Gen. Jno. D. Kennedy, Lieutenant?
Governor elect, whom be denounces
in bitter terms. Ho also makes on
attack upon the Democratic party ot
(he State,cbarging it with fraud, vio
CO!.. HoHow^e, jNccrelftry <_.f the
State Agricultural Society, tvas rjres
ted on Friday in Columbia while in
the act of delivering the premiums for
the State Fair. Tho charge was that
of intimidation In Newborry County
on election day. Tho marshal who
made the arrest refused to allow Col.
Holloway to complete the announce
ment of premiums, and dragged Iii in
oil before a Commissioner, who dis
missed him ulter examination.
A few days ago near Marietta, Ga.,
petsons were (biven from the field in
which tbey were engaged picking cot
ton, by stones which rose from the
ground aud fell upon them. About
the same time the telegraphic opera
tor at Ozark, Atk., reports that on
tho top of White Oak mountain, two
utiles north of Ozark, stones two
pounds or less in weight have been
rising from the earth and falling like
hail, driving families out into the
NEXT Thursday, the 25th instant,
has been appointed by Guv. Thos. 1>.
Jeter as a day of public thanksgiving
and prayer to Almighty God for hisj
many meicies, ami bus invited all to
lay aoide the ordinary cares and dt.
Ul? anil to devote that day to His'
service. In view of Uic general
prosperity of our people und the cx
citing period through which wc have
passed, it is to he hoped thnt this ap
pointment of our Governor will be sa
New York City was tho only weak
j point in the Democratic line, and she
defeated Hancock, who received
enough to have elect, d him hand
somely with the aid'of New York.
Kelly is roeeiving general condemna
tion for his course, lie denies vehem
ently that he defeated Hancock, and
claims fraudulent colonization by the
Republicans. Whatever may have
been his intentions, his nomination of
a Roman Catholic for mayor of New
York City sounded the death-knell ol
Now that the election isovcr and the
excitement incident to such occasions
has, in .n'nieasuiesubsided, it may not
he out of place to discuss such..topics
as bear upon the general public good
and directly upon our local growth.
The multiplication of crime, especial
ly of the more aggravated class,
throughout the country calls for a
cause and when found its speedy re
moval by public seutiment or by the
will of the people organically expres
sed through their representatives.
Tho criminal record of our country,
every section of it, brings the blush
of shame to every lover of peace, pro
gross and order in the land. Murder,
arson, rape aud'olhcr heinous offenses
against good morals aie of daily oc
currence and there seems to be no
power in existing laws to prevent
them. Indeed tlie frequent perpetra
tion of this class of crimes and the
failure of the law to prevent them,
give just cause for mob lido and
Iinching instead of a resort to the due
processes of the courts. When the
citizen is subject to aught else than
the law. there can bo no individual
liberty however nearly that rule may
accord with public opinion. It is not
organically expressed and therefore
not law and ought not to rule. Thai
Um existing laws are not the proper
expression of the public will is evident
from the increased ratio in crime and
therefor.'! proves the necessity of a
revision of these laws. To be healthy
and CUCClive law .-should be directed
againat the causes and not the crimes
themselves. Liquor license, cat tying
concealed weapons and a false sense
of honor, being the cause of murder,
should be the proper subject of legis
lation and not murder and duelling
themselves. Remove the one and ex
emption from the other will naturally
follow just as an individual disease
will yield after its cause is lemuved.
Corruption at elections is so gener
al as to make this mode of express
ing public opinion a burlesque or a
farce ; enact a registration law which
will restore the bcalthfulnesa of the
ballot andcoiruptioo will end at once.
So holding the national and the Slate
and county elections at one lime is a
source of undue excitement from a
conflict of national and local inter
ests; enact a law lo bold slate and
county election in September or lirst
of Oclobcr and national election in
November and this conflict of inter
ests and consequent vi ild excitement
Those are matters or*general inter
cut and slum hi not be passed over In
cur .legislators at their next session
without the needed action. As u
matter of local interest, however, to
Oiungeburg County we mention foi
the careful consideration of oor dele
gallon, the common complaint of un
just weights in measuring cotton.
This may aiiso from a number of cir
ctimslances but a law lo establish a
public weigher lor our town will re
move the cause ami therefore the. in
justice, of which farmers complain.
The IItimber of buyers and the large
amount of cotton justify such a law
without doing an injury to either buy
er or seller.
We meet quite a number of persons
who are disposed to blame Senator
Hampton ami charge him, and other
Southern leaders, with a want of pru
dent discretion io their public utter
ances both at the North and South.
Senator Hampton's Staun ton speech
and I.is pledging in advance the Solid
South to the support (if the Democrat
I ic nominee al Cincinnati particularly ?
call forth the severest condemna
tion of a portion of she press and j
tunny individuals in our country.
Whether the injudicious speeches of
these leaders are more blamable than
those who censure them, seem scarce
ly a mailer ot judgment. Arc they
representative men of the South, and
are they the correct exponents of
Southern political sentiment? If
they arc, why condemn them for ex
pressing both their honest opinion
and ours; and if not, why place them
in public positions or follow their
It will not he denied thai the sen
timent of tho Southern people, when
j the Ciuciunati Convention, met was
unanimous in favor.of whatever can
didate it might put in the Geld. The
sentiment was an honest one and the
South was not ashamed of it. Why
then condemn our leaders now for ex
pressing it then? Nor will it be de
nied that the utterances of Senator
Hampton at Slniinton correctly voic
ed Southern sentiment justly enter
tained ; why then charge him with in
discretion? To censure our leaders,
therefore, for expressing our own
sentiments reflects as much upon us
as them. The Solid South is a God
send to deliver us from the domina
tion of ignorance and tho vilest pas
sions and should be maintained for
ycais to come. Ii'it be the realise of
the defeat of the National Democra
cy, wo cannot help it. Our political
sentiments use based upon truth and
the constitution, they are honestly
entertained as cardinal principles of
civil liberty and we are not ashamed
of them. If their public expression
militate in any wise against the suc
cess of our National party, we and
our loaders are equally .blameless.
Garfield is President.
We adyiscd in our last issile to ac
cept the situation as it, is; we meant
Gariield and all. The South took no
part in his election. Not a single
vole from this section will'be cay I for
him in the Electoral College; yet he
has been elected by a creditable ma
jority of the voters of the country, ol
which the South ia no insignificant
part. Though not of our choosing,
he will be our President, and the
quicker we recognize this fact the
belter for our present prosperity and
future advancement. II is to he hop
ed that Gen. Gariield will recognize
the same fact. The country needs
rest from excitement and the South
especially needs peace between her
political elements. This cannot be
secured by continuing a fruitless
strife, nor by mourning over that for
which there is no remedy. True he
roism consists not in never falling,
but in rifting every time we fall.
EX-JUD?K C. P. TOWNSEND, of
.Marlboro, the leader of the Indepen
dent movemont in that county, was
seized on Ihfl night after the election,
by a man who loved fun moro than
policy and frightened out of his wits.
A knife was brandished in the
Judge's face and he was conducted
through Ihci stieeis of Benuettsvillo as
if to slaughter, but was abandoned hy
the supposed executioner after accom
plishing his purpose. The alfair was
at once sent North ami any amount
of political capital manufactured out
of it. It is just such insignificant of
faiis that are taken hold of by the
truducurs of Southern people and
magnified into lerriblo outrages, aud
made to shape public sentiment at the
North against ilio South. There are
ways innumerable to palm off suchst
j lairs on the credulous Yankee, but
I not one Id disabuse his mind ; indeed
j it seems impossible to givu him a cor
j reel understanding of Southern char*
I acter. Shall it always be so?
Hon. I). Wyatt Aikk.n, of Abbe
ville County, says the Northern Do
niocracy arc a party with a name but
without a principle. He never had
llie fainlcsi hope of Hancock's elec
tion, and believes that the South in
Congress should have nothing to do
with partisan entanglements, but
stand aloof uulil the time to vote,
and then upon all questions of nation
al importance cast a solid vote for
what they believe lobe right, regard
less of the fact whether the issue was
j Democratic or Republican in a parti
san sense. To this policy public sen
timent at tho South seems to be tend
' ing just now. Us wisdom will be
clear before the next election.
ACCOKDINU to the ICllll'JtS GUI* HCXt
Legislative will stand: Semite, .'V2
Democrats and s2 Republicans; the
Ibii c. 120 Democrats ami l Kepub
I cans. This gives the Democrats a
majority on Joint ballot of 152. Al
TiiB General Assembly of the Stute
will meet in Columbia on next Tues
day, when the regular session will
The Senate will be composed of 31
members, 2 of whom arc Republi
cans?1 from Georgetown aud 1 from
The IIouso will bo composed of
124 members, 4 of v?hom are Repub
licans?1 from Georgetown and 8
Of the Senators, 13 are now mem
bers, and of the Representatives 101
arc new members. It will be sccu by
this stutomcnt that a large majority
of our present Legislature aro new
j members, just from the people and is
I supposed to represent the political
sentiments of their constituents. It
may, therefore, be expected that the
sweeping chadge made in the mem
bers of the General Assembly indi
cate new and important changes in
the laws of the State. This is needed
paiticularly in the cases mentioned
in another article, and we trust all
these matters will receive the atten
tion of the Assembly.
A Tribute to Hancock.
The New York Herald says : "Gov.
Cornell's Thanksgiving proclamation
is published, and Gen. Hancock has
probably issued a private and person
al thanksgiving older of bis own.
Among the men who have been prom
inently before the public in the past
few months none have found the ex
citement as distasteful as be ; on the
other hand, no other candidate has
been so magnificently impervious to
malice and n-nd. To emerge from a
heated campaign with a reputation as
good as be started with ia greater
glory than could have been gained
by an election to the Presidency*."
'Tis autumn, and the leaves arc dry
and rustle on the ground, and chilly
winds come whistling by with low and
pensive sound. To ? uard against
coughs and colds you should go to
Dr. J. G. VYaiinumaker drug store and
i get a bo'tie of Coussens' Honey of
Tar. Price ?Oc. White's Cream
? White Vermifuge ia the best worm
j killer. For sale by Dr. J. <J. Wanna
j maker. 2
CottKKCTEU WEEKLY BY .!. C. PlKE.
Middling.0 7-1) to 10
Low Middling.1)1-2 to 1) 3-1
Ordinary to Good.8 3-1 a 0,1-4
K ice, rough. 75
Oats, per ewU,.?.75
Untier, country ."25
FLOUR! FLOUR! I FLOUR1 !1
The City Mills of Nashville, Tenn., is
represented in this County hy
JAM KS A. HAMILTON.
6QT**Thc best Flour by the car load for
the least money of the following brands:
Express, Belle, Royal Gem, Spray and
The State of South Carolina,
ORANGE BUI to C< > (j NT V.
By C. B. Clover. Esq., Probate Judge.
117 HERE AS. John J. Salley hath
Ti made suit to me, to grant him Let
ters of Administration of the Estate and
effects of John J. Salley, Sr.. deceaesd,
TIickk are therefore to cite and admonish
ait and singular the kindred and Credi
tors of the said John .!. Salley, Sr.. late
j of Orangeburg County, deceased.Unit they
be and appear, before ine, in the. Court
of Probate, to be held at Orangeburg
Courthouse, on the 2d ol Dee. next,
after publication hereof, a! 11 o'clock in
the forenoon, to tdiewcn tse. if any they
j have, why the said Administration should
I not be granted.
Given under my Hand, this ICth day
of November, Anno Domini 1880.
<:. B. C5 LOVER,
Judge ot Probate O. C.
Nov 11?, 1880?2t
Factor ?fc General Commission Merchant,
Charleston, s. c.
German Kamt or Potash Salt.
Peruvian Guano, Nos. 1 and 2.
Pure Fish Guano, Nova Scotia Land
Plaster, Ground . South Carolina Phos
phate, and other Fertilizers. Also,
CORN, OATS. HAY. &e.
Orders Idled with dispatch, and liberal
advances made on consignments of Col
ton and other Produce. Nov 12-.'hn
A clniinittt I'tii or'w I*Vot ice.
VII persons having claims against the
estate of Mrs. Mary A. Pair, deceas
ed, will render the same, duly attested,
and those Indebted will make immediate
payment to Jas, F. I/.lar, attorney, or
A. 1). FAIR,
Nov 12-.'l Qualified Administrator.
XV tmi ??<l
600,000 COTTON, for which
I will pay one-third of the market value
ol lint cotton and return seed.
Aug 27 CEO. IL COR NELSON.
JUS T RECEIVED
UN BAUN DRIED SHIRTS ?
75 cents to 81.50 a piece,
Gent's Furnishing Goods
of every description at prices
to suit everybody.
REMEMBER 1 REMEMBER!!
The Eipgc Stock of
Of every quality, which I am Belling
at bottom prices.
AND DON'T FORGET
Can be bought for 10 cents
per pound at
J. I. SORENTRUE'S,
Wheeler & Wilson Sewing |
No. 8 IMPROVED.
And all attachments always on hand.
For speed, strenuib, noiseless, perfeo
(t ton of Btlteh and beauty of operation
there is no equal.
James A, Hamilton,
AtlhuHtoru of John A. Hamilton.
Feh i:i, 18.80.
SOUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
Passenoeii Depa ut.m knt.
On and after Nov 10th, 1SS0, Passen
ge; Trains on this road will run as fol
lows: (till further orders.)
GREEN VTLLE EXPRESS TRAIN.
Leave Columbia.*C 10 p m
Arrive at Camden.0 50 p m
Leave Oranjjeburjj .8 2'.) p m
Arrive at Charleston."II 23 p m
Leave Charleston at.G 00 a m
Leave Oranguburg at.8 51 a m
Leave Cuiiulen at.7 UU a in
Arrive at Columbia .11 10 a m
?Daily except Sundays.
Way Freight and Passenger Trains.
* Leave Columbia.5 10 a m
Arrive at Cannier..1 00 p m
Leave Orengeburg.10 05 a m
Arrive at Charleston.2 IK) p m
Augusta.:i 15 p m
* Leave Charleston .0 00 a in
Leave Augusta.7 55 a m
Leave Oranguburg.1 38 p m
Arrive at Columbia.0 2-"> i? m
* Passengers leaving Columbia or
Charleston on these trains have to change
cars at liranchvllle to reach Charleston
at 2 00 p in or Columbia at <i 25 p in.
Night Express Train.
Leave Columbia.u 30 pm
Leave Orangcbtirg. 1 15 am
Arrive at Augusta.8 .'10 a iu
Arrive at Charleston.7 .'to a m
Leave Charleston.0 00 p m
Leave Augusta.l?0l> p IU
Leave Oinilgeburg.l! .'?? a m
Arrive at Columbia.0 11 a in
The Night Express will run daily;
Greenville Express and all other trains
run daily except Sundays. Sleeping
Curs are attached to Night Express.
Rei ths only 81 50 to Charleston or Au
gusta. These trains make connections'
at Charleston with New York and I5:dti
inore Steamers on Wednesdays and Sat
urdays, also with Florida Steamers on
Tuesdays and .Saturdays. Tho Night
Express makes connections with 7 a m
train on S & C Railroad furSavnnah and
Florida points. Connections made by
other trains at Augusta with trains from
and to that point, also with all trains
from and to Charleston.
On Saturday and Sundays, round trip
tickets are sold to and from all stations
at one lirst-class fare for the round trip
good till Monday noun to return
D. C. ALLEN,
Geh. Pass, and T. Agt.
.Ioiin 15. Peck, Gen. Supt.
J. G. Postum.. AgtOrnngcburg.
Office of County Commissioners, }
OitAKGEUURO County, >
OuANor.nrr.o. S. ('., Nov. 8. 18>0. )
nPhu Annual Meeting of the Hoard of
.1. County Commissioners is adjourned
t<i Tuesday, the 16th instant, when the
Board will again meet to closa up the
business of the fiscal year, 1870-80.
All claimants are noli lied to have their
claims tiled with the Clerk of the board
1 before that date.
L. II. WANNAMAKER.
Nov 12-lt C. B.C. 0. O.C.
UP-COUNTRY RED RUSTPROOF
A lot just received from G. nnd C. R. R.
FLOUR! FLOUR!! FLOUR!!!
Of three grades fresh ground at low
CUT LOAIMPOWDEREDJAND A
MAYUNE HYSON any GUNPOWDER
OLD GOVERNMENT JAVA and RIO
Other; seasonable goods in GENER
John A. Hamilton.
Oct 2 Next to Uenrv Kohn.
A. F. H. DUKES,
I1RANC?VILLE, S. C,
Ia now opening a complete and well se
lected S'lOCK OP PALL GOODS em
Mv stock of SHOES is the largest ever
brought to Brunehvilte,
Just arrived and for sale low :t00 bush
els genuine RED RUST PHOOF OATS..
100 bar rels'.ot GOOD FLOUR for sale
at 'bottom prices.
Ca ijnii? be convinced that it is to your
interest to deal with me. NO TROUBLE.
TO SHOW GOODS.
1 also keep on hand the best and
ehe? pest TOBACCOS to be found in the
The highest cash prices paid for COT
TON and C ?NTRY PRODUCE.
A. F. 11. DUKES,
Oel 1?6 Rrancbville, S. C.
C MAYHEW &SON.
antifacturera of and dealer* hi all
AMERICAN AND ITALIAN
MARBLE AND SLATE
MANTELS, Ac. &c.
JPolishcd G-raxiite "Work.
At the lowest possible prices.
Correspondence solicited with those In
want of anything in the above line.
FOR BOYS AND GIRLS,
npius School opens on the First Monday
X in September annually and continues
uninterruptedly until the last Friday in
TERMS TEH MONTH.
First Grade, advanced English.$3 cuy
Second Grude, Grammar pupils. 2.SO
Third Grade, beginners. 2.00
Latin and Greek, each extra.:. 5q,
Students may enter at any time during
the term, and are charged only from dato
of entrance. Assistance will be employ
ed if necessary.
Board may be had with the Principal
at twelve dollars per month, including
lights and washing; or at eight dollars
when the student goes homo on Friday
and returns on Monday of each week.
Other good families will takj boarders
on same terms.
Students are prepared for the Sopho
more class of any college.
No intercourse allowed between boys
and girls. This is positive,
HUGO G.tSHERlDAN. Principal.
(Formerly McDowell llouso)
HENDERSON VILLE, N. C.
HAVING purchased the McDowell
House, tho undersigned begs leave
to inform tho traveling public that ho haa
furnished it throughout in modern style,
nnd will endeavor to keep a tlrst class
hwusc. Tho proprietor will give bis per
sonal attention to the house, and do all
in his power to make guests comfortable.
The table will he supplied with the best
the market (tflbrds. Polite and attentive
scrvunts. Terms moderate.
A.J. DODAMEAD. Proprietor.
(Formerly of the Virginia House, Colum
bia, S. C.
J. R. TllAOKAM, Clerk.
(Late of tho Columbia Hotel. Colum
bia, S. C April 2d, 1880