OCR Interpretation


The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, August 02, 1881, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1881-08-02/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

? SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April. 1850. "Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's, and Truth's." THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established June, 1S66
Consolidated Aus. 2, 1881. i
SUMTER, S. C., TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1881.
-.
^ ; p Sriblisiied. every Tuesday, , .
B" :H V. ;7v 's -BY THE-?
^HftzfcAman ;ancZ Southron Publishing
^^^^^'?vi i . Company
- V SUMTER, S. C.
TERMS:
Two Dollars per annum-in advance.
A D V-E BTISE lt SK'TS .
* One jSquare. first insertion.SI 00
I Every-subsequent insertion. 50
if Contracts for three months, or longer will
be made at reduced rates.
All communications .which subserve private
?aierestffwiH ^charged for as advertisements.
? ^'Oi)tlXrar??s and-tributes of respect will "be
charged for.
Marriage notices and notices of deaths pub
lishe?fir?e.
* F?^??b work br contracts for advertising
?^address Watchman and Soitikron^ or apply at
."the Office, "to N. G. ?STEEN,
Business Manager.
-mm^?mmm?--a
CUSTER'S SLAYER
"" " . --o
The Noted Red Chief Ma?ces a Speech j
-? The Story of the Massacre of Cus?
ter ?find His Men Recited-An Inter
* esting Slcetch.
*?FORT BCTORD, D. T., July 21.-Af?
ter Sitting Bull and bis two hundred
followers had been brought in and sur- j
rendered to Major Brotherton a council j
?was opened. Major Brotherton, in a
few remarks, forcibly outlined ihe policy
the government intends to follow and j
by which Sitting Bull and bis family j
?shall be guided. He informed them
they would te sent to join the large
portion of their people at Fort Yates, j
Tbey need have no fear of receiving j
any lujuries from the military so long j
as tbey behave themselves properly, j
and, in short, they were to be treated I
the same as those of their people who ;
surrendered daring the Winter. Major ;
Broth?rton's remarks were received, at j
finies, by grant's of approval by nearly j
Wi all of the Indians present, except Sit- j
g ting-Bull. When he had finished the i
'" .-chief was informed that he could pro- j
-ceed with his speech. He remained j
|| perfectly silent at least five minutes, as t
if making a review of his past life, j
Then addressing himself in a *hort j
L ?peeefa,to Indians present (not In. jr- j
3>reted,) he finally turned to hie little !
: ison and directed him to take up his |
eiifle and present it to Major Brotherton. j
i This beic.g -done the chief said :
surrender this ri?e to you through j
? my young son, whom I now desire to !
I ^ct in this manner. He has been a J
Lfriend of Americans. I wish him to j
-iearn of the whites, and-be educated as i
Pf their sons are educated. I wish it to j
be remembered I am the last maui my- j
self to surrender my rifle, and this day I
i^ve^i-vtrO it to you, and now I want :
^??tr^Know how L am going to make a j
living. Whatever you have to give or I
whatever you may have to say I would j
like to receive or hear now, for I don't j
wish to be kept in darkness any longer j
.** T h*ve sent several messengers here j
from time to time, bat none of them j
bave returned with news. The other j
chiefs. Crow King and Gaul, have not j
wanted me to com3; and I have never !
received good news from them. I now j
wish to be allowed to live on this side j
of tb,e Une or the other, as I see fit. j
I wish to continue my cid life of hunt- j
jag, but would like to be allowed to j
trade on. both sides of the line This j
is my COOT.try, and I do not wish to be j
compelled ic give it up. My heart was j
very sad at having to leave tue great j
mother country. She's been a friend j
? to me; but I want my children taught <
* in our natural country ; aud ? also wish j
to feel I can visit two of my friends on j
the other side of the Hoe, viz: Major:
Walsh, and Captain McDonald, wheu- j
-,ever I wish, and would like to visit i
with Lewis Legare, as he has always j
been a friend to me. ? wish to have i
ali people live together upon one ;
reservation of our own on the Little !
Missouri. I left several families at !
Wrood Mountain and between there and :
Guapella. I have many people amono; .
>:^be Yausavauias at Poplar Creek, and j
wish all of them aud those who have j
gone to standing Kock to be collected !
together upon our reservation. My i
people have many of them been bad. i
All are good, now, that their arms and !
ponies have been taken from them." j
Ic an interview with Major Crozier, [
Sitting Ball said : "Buring the Sum- ?
? mer previous to the one in which Custer j
attacked us, he sent a letter to me I
that if I did not go to an ageocy he ;
would fig\rt ?ie, aad I sent word back ;,
to him by his messenger that I did not j
want to fight, but only be left alone I !
told bim at the same time that if he :
< wanted to fight he should go aud fight :
[.. those Indians who wanted lo fight him.
K Custer then sent me word (this was in ;
the Winter.) * * * 'You would I
?y cot take my former offer; now I am';
\ going to fight you this Winter.' I sent !
?; word back and said just what I had said
W? before-that I did not want to fight, j
? ^and wanted tobe left alone, and that
?]fmy camp was the only one that had not j
?Hought against him. Custer again sont
Bija message : "I am fitting up my wag- .
Klpns and soldiers and am determined to
^Bjght against you in the Spring." I
^Bhought that ? would try him again, j
Bpd sent him ft gain, and sent him a mcs
^fcj^e.say injuri?t I did^?oTw?st to fight ;
I^^Btito?fntcd, first of ail, to go LO Brit
^^^?tcrritory, and after I had been there j
Wft? come back, if he still wanted to :
^Kght nie, that I wouicf fight then.
Blaster sent back word and said : *I will
Blight you ic eight days.' I then saw it^
HL .,-as no use-that I would have to fight ; '
?:so t sent him word back : 'All right ;
Wff . o?
.get all your men mounted and I will
get all tn} men mounted ; we will have
% a fight; the Great Spirit will look on,
w .and the side that is in the wrong will
I ,be defeated ' I began to get ready, and
?Bsent twenty yoong men to watch for :
Bbe soldiers. Five soco came back
Br.th word that Caster was coming. !
HT he other fifteen stopped io watch his ;
.movements. When Custer was quite
Bclose ten yoong men came in. When
had advanced ?til! closer two more
Bib cm came in, leaving three still to j
(^ffch the troops. We hud gut up a
medicine dance fer war iu the camp,
' jocTjust as it was coming to aa end two
j?rf?e y?ug men who had stopped but
^Lga&? with word that Custer and the
pEggpps were very close and would be
^t? thc camp in thc morning.- That |
%2ghtire *H got ready for tuc battle.
S My young men all buckled on thei
j ammunition belts, and we were bus
patting strong sticks in our 'cou
sticks.' Early at sunrise two youn
men who bad been out a short way o
the prairie came to me and told me tba
from the top of a high butte they ha
seen the troops advancing in two divis
ioDS. ? then had all the horses drive
into the camp and coralled between th
lodges. About noon the troops cam
up, and at once rushed upon the camp
They charged in two separate divisions
one at the upper end, while the othe
! division charged at the other end c
the camp. The latter division struc
the camp "in the centre of the 25
lodges of the Uncapapa Sioux and clos
to the door of my own lodge. At tb
I time the troops charged I was makin,
medicine for the Great Spirit to help u
and fight upon our side, and as I hean
the noise and knew what it was I cam
out.
When I get to the outside of m;
lodge I noticed that this division ba?
stopped suddenly close to the outer sid
! of the Uncapapa camp, and then the;
! sounded a bugle and the troops firei
! into the camp. [Here Sitting Bul
I made a peculiar noise with his moutl
I and clapped his hands together to im
itate the firing of the soldiers.] I a
once set my wife upon my horse, pa
my war-bonnet upon her head, and toh
her to run away with the rest of th<
women. She did so, but in her hurrj
forgot to take, the baby (a girl) Afte;
she had gone a little way she though
of the child, and came back for it.
gave the child to ber, and she went of
again. I now put a Sag upon a lodg<
pole, and lifted it as high as I could, 1
shouted out as loud as I could to mj
own men, 4I am Sitting Bull follow me
I then rushed at the head of them uf
to the place I thought Custer was, anc
just as we got up. close to the troop;
they fh-.d again. (Here Sitting Bul
again imtuitated for some length of time
the firing of the troops.) When I saw
that the soldiers fired from their saddles
and did bat little damage to us. I order?
ed ail my men to rush through theil
ranks and break them, which they did.
but failed to break the ranks, althougl
we suffered as little damage as before.
? then shouted to them to try again,
and, putting myself at the head of rn}
oien. we went at them again. This
time, although the soldiers were keep?
ing up a rapid firing, from their hor.-es,
we knocked away a whole corner and
killed a great many, though I had only
one man killed. After this we charged
the same way several times ar:d kept
driving them back for about half a mile
killing them very fast. After forcing
them back there only remained five
soldiers and the interpreter alive, and I
told my men to let them live. Then
the interpreter, the man that the In?
dians called 'The White.' shouted out
in Sioux and said: 'Custer is not in
this division; he is in the other.' ?
then ordered my men to come on and
attack the other division. They did so
aud followed me. The soldiers of this
division fired on us as soon as we got
within range, but did us little harm.
When we get right close and were go?
ing to charge them, a great storm broke
right over us. The. lightning was fear
ful and struck a lot of the soldiers and
horses, killing them instantly. I then
called out to my men to charge the
troops, and shouted out; 'The Great
Spirit is on our side; look how he is
striking the soldiers down!' My men
saw this, and they ali rushed upon the
troops, who were misad up a good deal.
About forty of thc soldiers were dis?
mounted bv the lightning "killing and
frightening their horses, and these men
were soon trampled to death. It was
just at this time that we charged them,
and we easily knocked them off their
horses and then killed them with our
'coup sticks.' In this way we killed ali
this division with the exception of a
few who tried to get away, but were
kilted by the Sioux before they could
get very far. Ali through the battle
the soldiers fired very wild and only
killed twenty-five Sious I did not rec?
ognize General Custer in the Sght. but
only thought I did, but I would not be
certaiu about it. I believe Custer was
killed in the first attack, as we found
his body, or what all the Indians thought
was Custer s body. I d-; not think
there is any truth in the report that
he shot himself. I saw two soldiers
shoot themselves. The Sioux were
following, and in a few moments would
nave caught theai, but they shot them?
selves with their pistols in the head.
The bod}" which all the Indians said
was Custer's had its hair cut short.
There were 709 Americans killed. We
counted them by putting a stick upon
each body aud then taking the stiek.s up
again and counting them. We counted
707 carbines Two might have falleu
into thc creek."
- - t ? ? aw. -
A Fiendish Outrage.
-o
NEW ORLEANS, July 26.-A special
dispatch from Yazoo City to the Demo?
crat,, says information was received
there yesterday of a horrible affair which
occurred near Satartia, in vbich a
waite giri was outraged and murdered
by <t colored blacksmith named Israel
Fisher. Thinking that he had killed
the girl by choking her, lie threw her
body into a well, and then went to a shop
near by Returning after a little while,
he found the girl standing in the wat<-r,
which was two aud a half feet deep ;
whereupon, going down on the rope he
drowned her, but was then unable to
get out, and was found there with the
dead body of his victim. Citizens who
had assembled, voted on the question
of hanging him, but some circumstances
in the case caused a majority to favor
holding him till after au inquest had
been held.
Five Children Poisoned by a
Servant.
NEW O R LEA NS, J u ly 26.-Five C h i l
dren of Thomas Killen, aired 1. 3, C. S
and 10 years, were poisoned by a color- !
cd servant named Eliza Borley, who I
put rat poison in their soup yesterday. ;
The girl was arrested and confessed the
crime. She says she put the poison in
the soup .to make tho children sick out of ;
reveng^ they having thrown rocks at \
her ap(i called her "nigger,'1 and Mrs. j
Killen was about to discharge ber. The i
little g?rl, aged 3, died; it is hoped that
the o*>er :?.tildrcn will recover.
Colored Equality.
-o
The New Era, a weekly paper ]
lished in Charleston and edited by
ored men, contains some very thou
ful and conservative articles on
political situation. It is the repre
tative of the colored conservati
Democratic element of the State,
gives some home thrusts at Republ
misrule and extravagance. Its editoi
are written with ability and discrim
tion. and exhibit a rare degree of tboi
and culture. Its course has been mai
with temperate and discreet utterai
from the Erst, and is calculated to
tract and unify the brain and influe
of the colored voters. It recogniz
common country, and recommend
common interest in its welfare by al
citizens, without distinction of ri
color or previous condition.'^Tho
number of this paper contains a n
truthful article under the follow
heading: "Are all colored men
equals of each other ?" and treat
on this wise :
"The Northern people as a rule c
j. sider the colored people of the Soutfc
one in principles and attributes, ?
hence form material erroneous opini
therefrom
"In respect to South Carolina, wh
we propose to notice particularly, tl
labor under the delusion that the colo
men who were leaders of their race i
ring Republican ascendancy, althoi
many came from-we don't know whe
really represented the best elemerj
when the truth is, that except in a v<
few instaaces, they represented I
worst It was supposed, and is still
a very great extent, that the nat:
colored mao was so ignorant he need
his foreign brother to map ont a pl
for him to be guided by, and her
they came and gave their distinguish
services (?) to engender distrust a
suspicions and create the prejudh
now existing.
"Now we happen to know soroethi
about the colored people of this Stai
and we know that if these foreigners
yes, foreign in every respect-had nev
come. South Carolina would have be
saved many of the woes she has suffer
and still suffers.
"There is a large number of conser
arive colored people throughout tl
Slate who never took any part in Rac
cal Repu bl i canis rn, because the intel
gence which they possessed foresaw tl
ultimate consequences that would ensi
from the tendency of South Carolii
Republicanism, and therefore kept alo
cntirelv. A few were dragooned i
but they either drifted along with tl
current, or else gladly dropped out in
obscurity, rejoiced to escape from
contamination which was as inc vi tab
as destructive. Here and there we
spasmodic efforts against the tide, b1
they either subsided or if persisted :
proved of no practical effect. But aft?
a tinie of hope, fear and indecisioi
Hampton shivered the shackles on fr?
thought and free speech, and gave sue
partial liberty. It is true that the cou
age of some forsook them, and the
drifted again into the old channel, wh'r
others felt a lingering hope of a poss
bility of change of feeling and a chang
of purpose in South Carolina Republ
canis m. but such hopes have vanishec
the conservative element of the countr
is now prominent, and this has effecti
ally freed the conservative colored eli
ment of South Carolina, and that elemer.
will joiu the conservative white eleinei
and save the State.
"The Northern people are to muc
accustomed from the nolice records an
the sessions courts to see colored, coloi
ed, colored, they fancy that there is
demoralization existing among thee
that marks a lapsing into the lowes
state of degradation, and that as a rul
they are incapable of a development o
the finer parts of man's nature-or ii
other words they possess only the lowe
instincts of humanity-hence wheneve
any newspaper correspondent record
his observations, it is done with such ;
generalization that, those unacquainte(
with the facts fancy that no classificatiot
exists among them, and that as a masi
they are ou one level."
A Life Saved.
Ile wanted legal advice, and when the
lawyer told him to state his case, he
began :
.About two years ago I was fool
enough to fall in love.'
'Certainly-I understand.'
'And for a year past 1 have been ea
gaged to her '
I 'Of course."
'A few months ago I found, upou ana?
lyzing my heart, that I did n?>t love bei
as I should. My affectious had grown
j cold.'
'Certainly they had-go on.'
I 'I saw her pug-nose in its true shape,
! and I realized that ber shoes were No. 0.'
I 'Exactly, aod you made up your mind
I to break off the match ? That was per?
fectly proper.'
'Yes, that was my object; but she
threatens to sue me Tor breach ol prom?
ise/
'Certainly she does, and she'll do it,
too Has she any love letters from you?'
That's thc hang of it. She tallies un
320.'
'And do they breathe your love?'
'I should sr.1 y they did; but 1 think
I've got her tight. All them letters ure
written on wrapping paper and with pen?
cil, aud I've cometo ask you if such
writing as that will stand law?'
'Of course it willi If you had written
with slate aud pencil she could hold you.'
'Great hokey I but is that so?'
.It is.'
'And she's got mc fast ?'
'She has.'
'Well, that settles that, and I suppose
I'll have to give ir. aud marry her"'"
'Unless-'
'Unless what ?'
'You can buy her off.'
'Egad ! that's it-that's the idea, aud
you have saved my life ! Buy her off
why didn't I think of it before ? Say,
where's the Dollar Store ? I'll walk in
on her with a set. of jewelry, a flirtation j
fan, a card case and two bracelets, and !
she'll give tue a quit-claim deed and ?
throw io ail thc poetry I ever sent her j
to boot."-Detroit Fr<<: I'rcsx.
Is not the nomination of Gen. Han- !
cock or any ouc oise by thc Democrats
for 1884, a "little too previous r"
How to Live in Summer.
Food is a part of drink, and drink a
part of food; beth sustain the constant
charges of the body, and are necessary
for its maintenance. Man may have
early come upon the idea to manufacture
beverages from various vegetable sub?
stances, and so have originated the hab?
it of taking fluids, which are nerer
really meant to quench thirst only.
Some are taken for their aroma, for
their supposed strengthening and stim?
ulating qualities, as various wines and
spirits; others, as beer, for their sus?
taining and satisfying properties; others
as some fruit aud vegetable juices, for
their refreshing qualities.
We call the three former, that is,
spirits, wines and beer alcoholic drinks;
their composition we cannot here enter
upon, but their effects upon the human
system, if taken in any undue quantity,
is not so healthful. As regards the hot
season, alcoholic beverages require the
greatest care in their use, and to take
only such wine as are really of a cooling
tendency. When vitality flags very
much, it is possible to give a sudden
stimulus to the nervous system by tak?
ing a small quantity of wine or spirits
with cold water, which will rally an
exhausted person suddenly, and help
him to exert his energies for recovery,
but to drink succssively any quantity of
wines or spirits io hot weather is equal
to trying to commit suicide on the
chance-that the pistol will not shoot
or the rope will not hang. To increase
in Summer the heat of the blood, which
alcohol does, is an irrational ven?
ture.
As far as beer is concerned, the
taking o? it is by many thought a necs
sity, with the thermometer at 90?.
More beer and more beer is called for,
while each glass makes the day hotter
for him who takes it. Beer should
only be taken in the cool of theeveDrng,
and it may somewhat restore the flag?
ging strength after the labor of the day.
It is better to avoid it as much as pos?
sible during the day. We have seen
many areatcd drinks, fruit and lime
juices, mineral waters and iced lemon?
ades, all refreshing and abating the in
fluence of excessive heat from with?
out.
Whatever these may do to cool us
they cannot do away with the results of
dry, parched up food, which occasions
thirst in an undue degree.
To keep drink down, in fact, we
must keep food up to its proper stand?
ard.
A very cooling drink is made of light
clarets, with slices of pineapple, the
peels of cucumber, a lemon slice or two,
a little nutmeg and white sugar; this is
not at every one's door, but such mix?
tures eau be and are made with cheap?
er materials, and at the corner of our
streets a good trade is done in
them.
Rice water, barley water, oat-meal
water, with lemon and sugar, should bc
ready in every house where children
are. These are surely better than cold
tea, which is often given, or milk, that
cannot always be trusted.
Small pieces of ice are very refresh?
ing now and then for the strong, heal?
thy persons, also a drink of water
mixed with vinegar and molasses is
thirst quenching for work people, or a
slice of lemon dipped into white sugar.
Cool the blood without disturbing the
digestion and distending the intestines
and you will get through the day.
A' smuii ice cream now aud then is
refreshing, but a continual use of it in
sultry weather may have very evil con?
sequences.
The humane custom tc erect here
and there a drinking fountain is in the
highest degree praiseworthy; it will
save many a headache, many a faltering
spirit from giving way, and cool many
a parched tongue. But the water in
such fountains must not be of an indes?
cribable taste and a torpid temperature.
Bright and clear it should sparkle, re?
freshing truly. This is a matter of
grave thought to those in authority, who
cao escape from the heat of towns to
the seaside and to sykan shades leaving
the hard worker in the dusty hot smell?
ing city.
The principal needs of life, until now
spoken of, have been food and drink,
though the first place ought, to have
been claimed by air.-Food and
Health.
Ices After Dinner.
-0
It is a very customary thing to eat ices
after dinner; those whose digestion is
not strong should never touch ices, and
should avoid them most determinedly.
However hot the weather may be, a too
sudden cooling process injures a weak
digestion and creates a peculiar feeling
of weight in the region of the stomach.
Ices do not encourage the flow of the
gastric juice, but discourages it, and
where this fiow is airead}* weak it must
uot 1 : diminished:. A great wroug is
committed by the constant consumption
of ioeu and very cold beverages in hot j
weather ; instead of really cooling, the j
reaction creates au irritation which al?
most amounts to inflammation of the
walls of the stomach, and does not al?
low the natural flow of thc accretions,
which is necessary for perfect digestion
It is necessary to waru those who suffer
from a weakened digestion against very
cold foods or drinks, because these !
bring about a peculiar suffering and
diminished vitality. The temperature
of the stomach has to be maintained,
and any sudden chill is fatal to it.
"Cap'u, I hain't g"t no money, and
I want togo to Washington.7- said a
seedy-looking Virgin i au to thc captain
ufa ferry bout at Alexandria tho other
day. "Veli probably belong to one of
the first fa?ii?iies nf ^\ irginia,'- said the
captain, after looking his would-be pas?
senger over. "No.. sir," was the prompt
response. '"I belum: to one of the sec?
ond families of Virginia.*' "?lump
right aboard," said the captain, :'i j
never carried one of that kind before." j
"Look heal). Uncle Muse, vou fooled j
me wid dat ar boss I buy ed from yer ?
las' week, lie jest drapt dead in his j
tracks or a ny w bar else :JS long as ? had i
him, goin' ou twenty years."-Galves?
ton News.
A priui.er becomes a Pressman when !
he squeezes his sweetheart.
Bright Eyes Married.
The Pretty Indian Maiden Wedded to
the Man who Befriended the Pon
cas.
OMAHA, July 26.-Bright Eyes, the
young Indian maiden of the Omaha tribe
whose appeals on behalf of the wrong*
ed Poncas made her known throughout
the country, is married to Mr. L. H.
Tibbies of this city, a gentleman who
interested himself in restoring the Pon*
i eas to the lands of which they were dis
I possessed in Dakota two years ago.
i Bright Eyes is a refined, well-educated
Christian young woman, who would
readily pass for a Caucasian brunette.
She is about 20 years of age, of delicate
and regular features, of pleasing man?
ners She attended school in Elizabeth
New Jersey, for several years, and was
an apt pupil. She has only recently
returned to her old home. She firct ap?
peared in public on behalf of the Poncas
in the winter of 1879 and 1880, and
her pathetic appeals did much to hasten
the righting the wrongs heaped upon
the tribe.
Mr. Tibbies is a journalist of this
.city who was employed by the counsel
for the Poncas to visit and advise with
the Indians on a course of proceeding
to secure their legal rights. He was
hounded by Government spies, who
j maltreated and threatened to kill him,
but he accomplished bis object. Mr.
Tibbies went east with Standing Bear,
a Ponca chief, and made appeals for the
aid of the tribe. Bright Eyes joined
them and they met with good success on
their mission. The acquaintance then
formed between Mr. Tibbies and Bright
Eyes led to their betrothal.
Death of Dr. P. W. Green.
Dr. Frederick W. Green, one of the
oldest residents of this city, died on the
26th, in the 82d year of his age,
after an illness of two and a half years
-principally, of paralysis. The de?
ceased was a native of Massachusetts,
and took up his residence in this eity
in 1822. He came to Columbia when
it was but a village and grew with its
growth, being identified with all its
interests, until disease deprived him of
his wonted vigor. He married in Col?
umbia and reared a large family, all
the members of which are to-day use?
ful, energetic and popular citizens.
He has held but few public positions,
but his private enterprise ranked him
as a valuable eitizen. Family or do?
mestic prosperity and happiness was
his principal aim in life, and nobly did
he succeed in its accomplishment. He
leaves seven sons and two daughters,
besides over a score of grandchildren.
-Columbia Register.
A Dangerous Folly.
The Philadelphia Times comment?
ing on the proposition to frame a spe?
cial statute against attempting the
life of the President, says :
"The whole structure of our gov?
ernment is based upon the principle
I that all men aro equal, and that the
poorest tramp is entitled to as much
: protection us the President himself.
If you depart from this idea for a
I moment-if you introduce the theory !
: of a peculiar sanctity attaching to the
j person of an ofneer or magistrate
j you cut the whole scheme of popular
j government at the roots. It may be
said, and has been said, that an at?
tempt upon the lifo of trie President is
treason to the Nation. But this idea
will not do for us any botter than the ]
other. Tlie life of the Nation docs |
not rest upon the life of an individual, j
Hie President is simply one citizen j
chosen Irom among the rest to per- |
form certain public duties. If he dies, j
another citizen takes his place and
assume*- his duties, and that is all i
there is to it. In despotic countries
it is held to be treason even to speak
against the monarch, and much more, |
of course, is it treason to plot against j
his life, fur the monarch ts the gov
eminent. The President is not the
government, and you can no more
make it treason to the State to at?
tempt his life than }'0U can make it
treason to assail his character. Ile
is a man and a citizen and has all the
protection that the law throws about
every citizen alike-more than that
he has not and ought not to have ana
does not need.
"We can stand a good deal of sen?
timentality that exhausts itself in
speeches and newspaper articles, but
every one should pray to I*e deliver?
ed from sentimental legislation. We
have laws enough ; we only need to
enforce thorn equally Wo have safe?
guards enough ; we only need to pre?
serve them unbroken by forgetfulness
and folly. There is no danger that
this government ever will be brought
to an end by an assassin's shot, un?
less we should come to think of it as
in some way depending upon an in
dividual, and then it would be likely
to come to au end of itself.'7
Fire in Baltimore.
-0
BALTIMORE, July 26.-A destructive
fire broke out this morning in the ex?
tensive pork packing and lard refinery
establishment of Cassard Brothers & Co.,
210 and 212 East Fayett street, entirely
destroying thc building, with -a consid?
erable amount of stock. Thc flames
spread rapidly to the tin can factory of
Geo. JJ. Krebs, which was also destroy?
ed. Several adjacent buildings occupi?
ed as residences took fire and were
damaged to some extent. The loss is
estimated by the fire inspector at ??100,
000. Cassard Brothers & Co-, are in?
sured for ?23.500 on the building and
machinery and ??00.000 nn the stock;
Krebs is insured for ?31.000
Twen ty years ago it was deemed a
great achievement if a horse could make
a mile in 2.17. Only one or two had
cvur accomplished it Now people are
very much disappointed if a horse can?
not do better than-Vanderbilt's MaudS.
did last Saturday at Chicago, when sho
made it in 1.11 j and 2.11. instead of
2 ?0| and 2.10A, which later time she
had previously reached. American
neoplc ?.?Q somct?u?cr very unreason
ible.
?UILLET.
We have found this plant of great value'
as a substitute for hay,- and also as a coil?
ing plant. We believe farmers" would
find it profitable if they cultivated it more*
extensively. We have known BL aie who'
have cultivated it not to be fully satis-j
fled with the results; but we believe that j
this was due to an imperfect knowledge of |
the plant. There are several -rarities ; the j
kinds most grown iu this Province are com- ?
monly known as the Foxtail millet and
Hungarian grass; some authorities highly
recommend the Golden millet.
Millet is a rapid aud rank grower, and j
produces large quantities of green food, hay j
or 6eed ; it may be sown in drills or broad- j
cast. If sown broadcast for hay, forty!
quarts of seed per acre will be*required, j
but if in drills for seed, eight or ten quarts
will be sufficient. It requires a dry, rich
and finely pulverized soil, though it will
grow on light, thin land, but, like cereals, j
is not so remunerative. The sowing should ;
not be done until the weather is warm. It j
ripens in sixty to Beventy-five days if the !
weather is favorable, and for this reason I
should commeud itself to the agricultural
ist. Frequently clover and grasses become
partially winter-killed, but whether they
may be profitably left for meadow purposes
is not always discernible until it is too late
to prepare the ground for a cereal crop.
In such cases, if the grass or clover does
not come np to the desired standard, after '{
sufficient time has been allowed, if ploughed
up and the land well cultivated, a profitable
crop of the millet may be grown. lu this
respect alone it should be a great boon to
our farmers.
- It may be cut with a mowing machine,
and dried like hay ; but as the ground has
been so recently ploughed, it is not apt to
become very dusty if handled in this man?
ner. We prefer it cut with a reaper, laying
it off in small sheaves, which if necessary
can be turned by hand with a barley or
large steel fork, and when dry enough may
be put in cocks or drawn from the rows to
the barn.
A. fair average crop of seed is thirty
bushels but when cut for fodder and sown
ou good laud, it should produce from two
to three tons per acre. Some eminent agri?
cultural writers claim it to be equal to good
hay. Horses, cattle and sheep are fond of
it, and if it is properly fed they all do well
on it, bat it is a very rich food, and should
be fed in small quantities, or mixed with
other hay ; this is especially true after the
seed has ripened. When a larger amount
is fed at one time, it will be injurious as so
much unthreshed wheat. If to be used as
hay it should be cut before the seed is
ripe, but not before the head is well
formed.
A farmer who has had experience with
millet states his views as follows :
"I want millet cut when heading or in
blow for horses that are fed gram, but
when used without grain, cut when in the
milk, cure and take to the stack or barn as
soon as possible. I prefer common millet
to tbe other kinds ; the straw is less liable
to be woody, and it is sweeter and makes
abettor quality of hay. The great secret
of feeding it, and what will do away with
all bad results, is simply not to feed too
much. Do not carry as large a forkful to a
horse as if you were feeding straw or wild
hay, especially if seeded. Some feed a
large quantity and allow the horses to eat
the heads off, and then give a full feed of
grain. The effect is the same as if a lot of
' grain in the sheaf ware fed, and then after
the animal has eaten it, to give a .fall feed
of threshed grain."
! If it is used as a solitary crop it may be
cut during the various stages of its growth.
I -Farriers Advocate.
i
A OU AU HOUSE.
In France, when a horse has reached the
age of twenty or thirty it is designed for a*
chemical factory ; it is first relieved of its
hair, which serves to stuff cushions and
saddles : then it is skinned ; the hoofs
! serve to mako combs. Next the carcass is
placed in a cylinder and cooked by steam,
at a pressure of three atmospheres ; a cock
is opened, which allows the grease to run
off ; then the remains are cut up, the leg
bones are sold to make knife handles, etc.,
and the coarser of the ribs, the head, etc.,
are converted into animal black and glue.
The first ara calcined in cylinders, and the
vapors when condensed form the chief
source of carbonate of ammonia, which
constitutes the base of nearly all ammonical
?alts. There is an animal oil yielded which
makes a capital insecticide and a ve rmi- j
fuge. To make glue, the bones are die
solved in muriatic acid, which takes away
the phosphate of lime, the soft residue, re?
taining the shape of the bone, dissolved in
boiling water, cast into squares^ and dried
on nets. The phosphate of lime, acted
upon by sulphuric acid and calcined with
carbon, produces phosphorous for lucifer
matches. The flesh is distilled to obtain
the carbonate of ammonia; the resulting
mass is pounded up with potash, then
mixed with old nails and old iron of every
description ; the whole is calcined and
yields magnificent yellow crystals, prussints
of potash, with which tissues are dyed a
Prussiau blue and iron transformed into
steel ; it also forms the basis of cyanide of
potassium and prussic acid, the two most
terrific poisons known in chemistry.
A snake was killed near llondout, N. Y.,
recently, after j. had completely charm?
ed a cow, and was about to fasten itself
on the cow's body. It measured t>lx feet iu
length.
Gold is, in its last analysis, the sweat o?
the poor, and the blood of the brave.
A RAKE BIRD.
The Kev. F. Tearle, Gazely Vicarage,
Newmarket, informs the London Tims* that
a very rare species of gull (Lams Atrailla)
has been shot in that neighborhood. The
severe weather rouud the coast seems have
have driven it inland, but had not prevented
it from obtaining a supply of food, as when
shot it was very plump aud in beautif ul plu?
mage. The chief featuro of the latter is a
delicate rose tint suffusing all the under?
part from throat to tail. The bird has been
carefully preserved.
Vulgarity in high life is all the more con?
spicuous because of its elevation.
?s fire is discovered by its own light, so
i< virtue bv its own excellence.
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.
-~?
Fifteen French Ships Bombarding
Gob?s-Tke Boers and the British
-Jewish Persecutions in Russia
Compulsory Education in France
The Shipment of Infernal Machines
from, America to England-Afghan
istan Affairs, Etc.
LONDON, July 25, -A Times dispatch
says a telegram from Medhie announces
that fifte?n French ships are bombard?
ing Gabre.
LONDON, July 26.-In the debate in
the House of Commons yesterday on
the vote of censure of the government's
policy in the Transvaal, moved by Sir
Michael Hicks Beach, and which was
rejected, Mr. Gladstone shovred by
a comparison of dates that peace over?
tures bad begun before the disasters to
the British occurred. To have with?
drawn the terms of peace which were
offered before the disasters occurred,
? on a point of military honor, and to
I insist on a certain number of victims
being slaughtered to expiate the British
defea.s, would have been wicked, cruel
and mean. He, therefore, contended
that the government had done every?
thing possible to vindioate the authority
of the Queen except by shedding more
blood.
A new Indian 4 per cent, loan,
amounting to ?3,000,000, has been
j allowed at a price which, allowing for
j exchange, is about equal to 86?.
LONDON, July 26.-Ia thoT?ou^e of
Commons this evening on the consider?
ation of the committee's report on the
Land bill the clause proposed by the
Bight Hon. Hugh Law, attorney-gen?
eral for Ireland, providing that DO land
commissioner shall be capable of sitting
j in the House of Commons during his
j tenure of office, was agreed to.
i VIENNA, July 26.-Telegrams report
! fresh persecutions and pillaging of Jews
! in the government of Pultova,- Russia,
\ Seventeen villages have been entirely
! deserted.
PARIS, July 26.-The commander of
I the French squadron telegraphs: We
! arrived off Gobes Sunday, surprised the
town and landed a force of men without
I opposition. Resistance was confined to
j two adjacent villages, which the sailors
had to take by assault, and during
which the French lost seven wounded
The villages being too far from the
coast were subsequently evacuated.
Two hundred sailors ocoupied Gobes.
Troops will shortly relieve them.
ROME, July 26.-The Republican
j Associations have resolved to organize
j legal agitation throughout the Kingdom
j for the repeal of the law of Papal
! guarantees.
LONDON, July 26.-In the House of
Commons to-day Sir Charles Dilke,
Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs,
i replying to Hon. Edward Stanton,
j Conservative, said that the government
bad reason to believe the reported ru?
mors of the annexation of Koochan un?
founded.
A dispatch from Pretoria to-day says :
"The hitch in the negotiations contin?
ues. The Boers have not met the
Royal Commissioners since tb? 20th
inst."
A Par h 'dispatch says that the Chara
I ber of Deputies has passed the compul
I sory education bill, rejecting the Sen?
ate's amendments, but special dispatches
received here state that the Senatorial
amendments were accepted.
The British press, irrespective of
policies, agree ia expressing the belief
that England can rely on the good faith
of America in endeavoring to prevent a
renewal of overt attempts by conspira?
tors against thc British Goverement.
The Manchester Guardian says : Amer?
ica will doubtless omit no efforts within
j its capacity to discharge its obligations,
I not only towards international fellow
I ship, but the common interests of Lu
? mauity. The difficulty is to see what
j more America can do to prevent the
j infernal machines being shipped than
i England to prevent their landing. The
j same journal doubts the wisdom cf ask
I iug the Federal or State authorities to
j put a check on the safety valve supplied
j by the vaporings of the Fenian press,
j The Standard thinks thc American
! police could surely by this time have
; discovered something as to who shipped
i the infernal machined. Public opinion,
j it says, will demand full inquiry, and
I we are sure the American government
i will, consist-ntly with it3 own munici
! pal law, show every desire to help us.
? We hope due diligence will now bear
! the same interpretation as in the Ala
i bama oasa. We demand no damages*,
j we only ask friendly aid in checking an
. infamous conspiration.
The Morning Post thinks thc time
J has come wheo America should adopt
j similar measures towards O'Doaovan
. Rossa and others who abuse her hospi
I tality, as England did towards Johansn
! Most. As regards the attempted repc
! tition of outrages, it says : "We will
j not do to America thc injustice of sup
! posing that only a sense of personal
! risk to her own citizens will induce her
\ to take strong measures."
Patrick Talfourd Hickcok, charged
! with threatening to kill the Right Hon
! orable Wm. E. Forster, was committed
j for trial to-day.
j A dispatch received from Tunis says :
I The Bey's troops have deserted en j
j masse. There are hardly enough left j
i to guard the palace. No ofiicer is wil- j
j ling to take thc respon>ibility of leading
i the few who remain against the insur- j
j gents.
I PARIS, July 29.-Duriog his reply
to the inquiry of the Duke de Broglie,
ia the Senate yestcrday% as to whether
the government intended to advance on
j Tunis, Mr. Bartholemy St. Belaire dc
I dared he had replied in perfect sincerity
! to thc british government that he rc
i garded a good understanding with Kng
j laud as essential for the interest of thc
j two nations, and the paramount inter
! ests of civilization and humanity ??
I concluded, "We have made evei y v"2rort
I with that object, and trust wc have
j succeeded,1'
j The Viceroy of India telegraphs from
j Candahar, on the 23d inst., announcing
I that Ayoob lyhao, having arrived with
j his army within two marches of the
j Helmud river, is negotiating for peace.
? MADRID, July 26.-The Spanish am
! bassador at the Vatican will bc in
I structed to convey to the Pope the deep
j regret of tho Spanish government at
I the disturbance daring the removal of
- the remains of Pope Pius IX.
NEWS ITEMS.
Three more victims (deaths) in Bal?
timore from the toy pistol.
During 1880 it is s?id 108 men were
banged by Lynch law ia Arkansas.
Tobacco crop very poor in Connecti?
cut.
Twenty-four thousand persons drink
daily from the free ice water tank near
the New York Post office. A great
many strangers visit the city, yoirsee'.
the last seat vacated in the New
York Board of Brokers sold for ?32,
500. In 1857 a seat only sold for
??500.
The State ?iepaf?me?? has received
notice of the ratification of the tw<"?
treaties between the United States and
China, which were exchanged at Pekin*
July 10th.
Spurgeon says that London is getting,
to be the most heathenish city ^nder
the sun, and the necessity for "evange?
lical work ttefe is greater than ever.
Howard Carroll, of die New York
Times says that General Rote*'<).
Scbenek, 'now racked with pai?^speads
most of his time upon a sick b?$?
Dean Stanley always spotte in fefmsr
of affectionate appreciation of hisenthu*
siastic reception in America; and'thy
large proportion of American cat?ers^t
the Deanery proves that the estimation
in which he was held in America Tra*
not weakened.
Senator-elect Lapham's town, Canan
daigua, felt quite beside itself on the
22d. "Guns were fired, bells were
rung and flags were unfurled," says the
Rochester Democrat, "while in the
evening bonfires blazed and sky rockets
boomed, making the occasion mach like
a Fourth of July.
An attempt to get tip a rousing Land
League demonstration in Dublin on
Sunday was a failure. The whole, did
not exceed 3,000 men.
The "largest man" now known iu
the U. S. is said to be at Rochelle,
Illinois. His weight is given at 720
pounds and bc is classed as "young."
Gen. Grant is represented as having *
on just at this time a particularly large
disgust. It stands up all around him
like an old-fashioned shirt-collar.
Out of eight living U. S. Supreme
Court Judges there is but one Democrat
-Judge Field of California. It is a.
Republican Court when party issues are'
up,
Th os. S. Moorman, Esq., of New?
berry, and Prof. W. W. Duncan, of
Sparfanburg, will start in a few days
to "London to attend the Methodis?i?gu;
menical Council. They^ will saffron*
New York, Ang. 6th, io ?he steamship
Berlin, of the Inman Line.
At the Saratoga races July 28th, in'
the iast race-a steeplechase-Pose
Guard fouled with Wayfarer, causing
the latter to turn a complete somersault.
The riders were uninjured: but Way?
farer had a hole Cut in his shoulder ten
inches deep, and was so badly injured
that he was afterwards shot.
Mrs. H. T. .Helmbold has. bought
an action against the New York Blo?
press. She lays the damages at ?100,
000. The gist of the charges were
that Mr. Bennett had epuapped various
females; that Mrs. Helmbold among
others was the victim of his gallantry ;.
that he had resorted to many and ex- .
traordinary artiSccs to decoy his vic--'
tims, and in substantiation varions al?
leged affidavits were produced.
? A Professional View of it,
! -O
Yesterday afternoon two young med?
ical students met in a Fulton strj
saloon and fell into canversatioiv-fjiTtne
assassination. . / ..
*I am inclined to think the attending
physicians have misapprehended the
President's case; what say, you doctor?'
asked one,
'I agree with you doctor,' replied the"'
other. 'As soon as they, discovered
that the bullet had penetrated the laud?
able pus, they should have made ap ef?
fort to extract li.1
O? y idea exactly. And if pertition
tis supervened, they could readily have
reduced it with a borax gargle. Don't -
you think they might have lowered thc
peritoneal wall into the abdominal cav?
ity so as to have reduced the pressure
on the liver, doctor V
'They might, doctor, bufc would'nt
that have produced lesion V flA
'Certainly. But, doctor, they^?uu?d
then have turned the lesion over, and
in that way reduced thc respiration at
the start f"
'You are right, doctor. If l d been
there I should have drawn the bullet
back and downward, in order to relieve
the iuflamed parts.'
'I see; and tied the arteries at your
leisure. Yes. yes. Did you get the
impression that any of the ligament?
were cut by the bullet V
'I think one of the interior vessels
was severed, and the rush of blood into
the stomach is all that saved his life.
Have you considered, doctor, that the
bullet, may pass into thc femoral artery
and make the patient lame?'
'No, I hardly thiuk so. If these
physicians understand their business,
they'll tie the spinal cord around the
bullet, and then they can .?uil it out ac
any time. I woudn'trecommend its re?
moval now.'
'Certainly not, doctor. I thought of
one thing that would have worked well
in tbs earlier stages, but it's too late
now, and that was during the fever to
increase thc temperature until the bul?
let melted, permitting ii to pass off
through thc wound.'
'A most capital idea, doctor! Why
on earth did'nt von recommend it at the
time?'
'Oh! I was'nfc called into ?the case
and didn't like to intefere What did
you think cf Old Brcyfogle's lecture on
the sub clavian artery
'lie is an old ass! Anybody knows
tkat the clavian arteries arc thc root, of
sciatica, which will only yield to ampu?
tation. Going to thc base ball game
to-morrow";'
'Yes, Fm scorer. Good day, doc?
tor!*
'Good day, doctor."
There's been a heap of medical wis-,
dom wasted on the President's wound,
and.not altogether by ihc younger n?
of thc profession. - Brot-Wj/r. EjL?k

xml | txt