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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, August 02, 1881, Image 2

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GARFIELD.
So fit to die ! With courage calo
Armed to confront the threatening dart,
Better than skill is such high heart
And belpfuller than healing balm.
So iii to live ! With power cool
Equipped to fill his function great,
To crush the knaves w ho shame the State,
[ lace-seeking pests of honest rule.
Equal to either fate he'll prove.
Maj Heaven's high will incline the scale
The way our prayers would fain avail
To weigh it-to long life and love !
London Punch.
COMMUNICATIONS.
SUMTER COUNTY, July 29, 1881
Editors Watchman and Southron :
As but little has been said through
the newspapers of our County about the
very general, extreme a-od alarming
drouth, prevailing in this and adjoining
Counties, and, indeed, as we are in?
formed, in a greater portion of the State,
and to a considerable extent in the
Southern States, a few dots on the sub?
ject based upon both observation aud
reliable information, and a suggestion
or two through your columns might be
of some interest to your readers and
the public generally. The writer has,
within the last two or three weeks,
traveled over a good portion of Sumter
County, and has had occasion to visit
portions of Richland, Clarendon and
Darlington Counties, and his observa- j
tion is, that except a few sections of j
very small area, viz. Providence, Shi- !
- lob, and above Bishopvillc on the Ker?
shaw line, and, agreeable to informa?
tion, a very few other small sections m
this and the other Counties mentioned,
which may make h-?If crops, or possibly
more, it is not thought possible that one
sixth of a crop can be made. Indeed,
there are whole fields, and some of ?
them large ones, which will not make j
one bushel of corn, and it is questiona- j
ble if some entire farms will make one ?
milling. It is too late for rain to help j
the corn crop, and too late to do but j
little good for the cotton. The thought- j
ful people in many sections are be- i
coming alarmed for the future. Many !
do not know how they will live till
January, and those who can live j
without a struggle, feel* much con- j
cern and anxiety for those who can j
not obtain work, and have no means of j
support. This, many think is not pre- j
senting the gloomy and darker side of !
the picture, for those who never despair ?
fail to discover a brighter side. Very j
many will not be able to 'meet their i
obligations for advances for plantation j
supplies, to say nothing of guano and j
other obligations of the present year, ?
and they have no idea what they can |
CT will do for supplies another year. ' j
It is believed that many Factors and j
Country Merchants who have advanced i
liberally the present year will be mate- !
rially crippled financially, and those of j
them, who may be able to continue ad- j'
vaDees,\will in most cases, fear to do so. j
Many no dcuatwho can give good col?
laterals can arrange for means by
which they can live and be able to make
a crop next year, but many who can
give no collateral or other good securi?
ty cannot obtain supplies and relief.
This being the opinion of many, the
question- arises, what can be done to j
prevent actual suffering, relieve the
people, and enable them to make an?
other crop ? Would it not be practica?
ble, and would it no; be policy and
wisdom for our beneficent Democratic ?
State, whose credit is as good as any ?
Slate in the Union, to come forward !
and relieve the impoverished and help- j
less portion of her people and wards, by j
issuing bonds at a low interest, redeem- j
able in a short time, to raise funds for j
supplies for the destitute, the State
holding first Lien on crops and Real j
Estate on which crops are grown, or by j
some similar or better arrangement j
which might be devised. Is it not a ?
good opportunity for our Democratic i
government to show her impartial and j
unselfish generosity to all classes and j
conditions,, and also to demonstrate the j
first principle of Democracy, to wit : i
A government of the people, by the j
people, for the people. Details and j
length are avoided lest vour columns !
bc tresoassed upon. Respectfully. &c, ?
OBSERVER, j
BiSHorvim:, S. C., July 28, ISSI, j
Messrs. Editors :
As some of the rcadeis of your j
valuable paper may be interested, in j
a financial way, in the result of the 1
present crop of this section, it may j
not be out of place to state 'bottom j
facts.7 With but few exceptions the |
eon) crop is a total failure-the av- j
erage can not exceed a one-fourth j
crop^Ctlton has suffered material- !
ly, pjjfent prospects indicate a one- j
third.cron-all of which is due to:
continued drouth.
Water is getting low, and some of j
the steam engines-of which there j
are several in the neighborhood, find i
it difficult to n.ake ful! time.
Although our people are much dis- j
couraged at thc present condition of!
affairs, they have not lost their usual j
pluck and energy, and are pushing i
new enterprises, with a vim that ?
would astonish those who know only j
the past history of this section. j
It is whispered that we are to have j
railroad connection with some station i
ou the W. C & A. R. R., at no very j
distant day. 'We shall see.7
Wc also have brick making by j
slcam-a very completo arrangement I
which we understand, is an invention j
of Mr. A. Rogers, it machinist of this j
place. The capacity of the mill is .
twelve (12,000; thousand per day,'
and is the property of Mr. W. i>. '.
Carnes.
We have Li Bishopvillc, proper, ;
eight stores, a very handsome live;y
stable, one steam saw, and grist r*;ill, j
two brick mills, aud a lbiy Oak.'- \
The Church-going people are pe?
culiarly fortunate-that is, in having
access to three churches, presided
over by three eminent divines. The
Presbyterian chinch, immediately in
the village, Rev. W. A. Gregg,!
Pastor, a gcntlemn of culture, and
much loved by his congregation and j
all who know him. !
Rev. A. W. Moore, of the M. E.. j
Church, has recently come among us,
and has captivated all denominations,
and is excelled by few.
Rev. Mr. Ball, of the Baptist1
Church, has a flourishing congrega
ion, and is a mau after our own
heart.
Our Smithville tourists have ar
d in lair comliton.
LIPOMA
TUESDAY, AUGUST 2.
J. A. MOOD. M. D. I ?3^"
D. B. ANDERSON, j *eiDIT0RS"
TO THE PUBLIC.
The object of the proprietors of the
Watchman and Tr-ws Southron news?
papers in consolidating the same into
Thc Watchman and Southron is, by
combining capital, experience and en?
ergy, to offer the public a paper worthy
of their support and confidence. The
politics of the paper will be strictly
Democratic, tempered by that liberal
spirit which all men and parties should
show to those who differ from them in
opinion.
The Editorial Department will be
j controlled by Dr. J. A. Mood, a grad
j uate of the highest houor from Wotford
j College, S. C., and Mr. D. B. Ander?
son, one of the former Editors of the
True Southron.
There will be a Religious Depart?
ment to thc paper Edited by Rev. C. C.
Brown, Pastor of the Baptist Church of
the town.
In the near future we anticipate giv?
ing to the people of our section a Tri
Weekly.
Ail subscriptions and advertisements
to either of the two former papers will
be continued by the Consolidated Paper,
aud persons who have paid in advance
for cither in both papers will be cred?
ited with such amounts as they respect?
ively are entitled to.
SALUT AT OBY.
There are certain conventionalities
which popular opinion requires us to
observe, if we would enjoy the con?
scious possession of all those superior?
ities which connoisseurs of propriety
imply in the adjective -genteel." A
disiegard of those usages which \
may be deemed unmeaning or in- j
convenient, or a bold opposition to j
useless customs, may be a very !
praiseworthy means of correcting j
errors in ti e public mind, or of ex?
hibiting those phases of independent j
thought which could not be otherwise ;
displayed, but it evidently requires j
an amount of moral gravity and an !
outlav of active resistance which is i
incompatible with that tranquility of j
mind so necessary to good digestion.
In order, therefore, to pay my re-1
spects to that journalistic custom ;
which requires the assumption of:
editorial labor to be piefaced by a,
formal introduction, 1 hereby make .
my literary obeisance to the public, j
feeling assured that the event will ;
occasion no very profound concern.
I will uot give a descriptive cat-1
alogue of my numerous deficiencies in j
editorial ability, as that would ant ici- j
pate those individual discoveries j
which are so gTatifying to the criti- j
cal mind.
I will, nevertheless endeavor in the j
weekly preparation of our literary .
pabulum to make the bill of fare as j
attractive as possible.
JULIUS A. MOOD.
The religious department of this j
paper, which will occupy a portion of ?
the fourth page, under the management j
of Rev. C. C. Brown, by reason of his j
absence will not appear until our next i
issue. i
The article ic this paper, signed
'.'Observer," is from a prominent citi- J
zen, and one entitled to the term of "a S
representative man." As such we give I
place to it, and invite consideration of ?
the suggestions contained therein. I
While we know that the damage to our I
farming interests has been very consid- I
era lie, we had hoped that the general !
average would be much better than he j
i
states it. However, he claims to have j
good information, and we think that, |
granting the facts to be as stated, his
suggestion is timely and important.
THE FENCE LAW
.-0___ j
Oar friends of the Ad ance in speak- ,
ing of the Fence Law refer to Act of the j
Legislature approved June 7th, 1877, '
as the one controlling the Board of j
County Commissioners of this County.
In this they are mistaken, and we ;
would refer them to the Act of thc j
Legislature approved December 24th, j
18S0, page 401, which requires thc I
Commissioners to levy a tax and build I
certain fences. The facts are that thc I
tax for this purpose has been levied and
a part of it already collected ; that cer?
tain contracts have been let, acd some
parts of the fence completed.
- . -<- --
Death of Col. Burch.
-o
Col. John C. Burch, Secretary of
thc United States Senate, who lias
been ill for some time, with organic
disease of the heart, died at his res?
idence in Washington last week. The
funeral services wore held at his res?
idence on the afternoon, of July 29th,
after which his remains were sent to
Nashville Tennessee. The pall-bearers
wore Senators Blair, of New Hamp?
shire, Jones, ol'Nevada, Pugh, of Al?
abama, Butler, of South Carolina,
Johnson, of Virginia, Col. Bright,
Sergent at-Arms, Col. Peyton, Exec?
utive Clerk, and Captain Basset,
Assistant Sergeant. at-Arms.
Mr. Burch was born in Georgia in
18? graduated 3t Yale College in
}8^T was admitted to the practice of
Jaw, entered tho newspaper business
as editor, served during- the war on
staff duty, mostly on General Pillow's
Forest's and Withers In Marc!?,
1*70, was elected to the Secretary of
the Senate. He leaves a wife and
six children.
He was a brother of Mrs. Dr. C. R.
F. Baker, of our County, and was
personally known to many ot our cit
DROUGHT AN ABOLISHER OF
THE LIEN SYSTFM.
-o
The abolishment of the lien law is
being gravely discussed, and at the
Agricultural meeting of the Farmers at
Greenville, S. C , last week, resolutions
were adopted which will be sent up to
the next Legislature in behalf of its
repeal.
Col. Butler, in an address before thc
Agricultural meeting, set forth very
' plainly the damaging effects we were
experiencing yearly from the lien sys?
tem. He presented the following sta?
tistics :
Tn 1ST9 27.470 liens were recorded in eigh?
teen counties, averaging ?86.83 each, and
amounting to ?2,267,1 (37. If the other fifteen
counties had Tee same number each aud av?
eraging the same the whole amount of liens
for 2879 was $4,372,753 and the number of
liens 50,358. The number of bales of cotton
I produced the same year was 516,490 and if
sold at $50 per bile yielded $25,824,500.
This would show that it required about Si 7.70
of the gross amount of the crop sold for to
pay the liens. Now the profit to the mer?
chant cannot be less than 50 per cent ; it has
j been estimated at 54 per cent, or $1,457,588.
j The number of liens given in 3880 was
j 67,518, averaging S109, and aggregating
j $7,359,462. If the crop was the same as in
j 1879, and sold for the same, it required about
! 28 per cent, to cancel the liens, and the profit
! to the factors was probably over S2,00,000.
i It must be remembered that the liens are
! given to cover advances, and represent from a
1 quarter to a half of the indebtedness on the
: crop. The planter then has to pay conimis
I sions on sales, storage, insurance, interest on
J advances, a?d incidental expenses, so that
i the surplus, after cancelling all these claims,
j is very small, and lie is forced to resort to
I the lien system to run his crop another j-ear.
It is not doubted in the least that
this system is detrimental to the gen?
eral prosperity of our State. This is
conceded by both parties ; the one who
is compelled to get advances, and the
! other who gives them. Like all other
j necessary evils it had its origin from j
! necessity, and as such it was legislated j
j upon and became an established law. i
! Bat the like can be said in regard to j
! most all laws.
i From experience it is seen that as j
long.as the necessity continues the law j
continues. Whether or not the neces- !
sity for the lien system is as urgeDt as ?
when it was first adopted is the ques?
tion. One would suppose from the
number of liens given out last and this
year that the necessity is greater than
ever before.
As long as one part of our people
desire and think it necessary to get
yearly advances and the other part of j
the citizens are willing and abie to j
supply them, the mere fact that this j
law has been repealed and stricken from j
our Statute Books, will have little or
no effect in virtually eradicating this j
system. It originated from necessity j
and so must it be abolished. This year's j
drought has struck the death-blow at
its very roots, and it will finally be the j
cause of the abolishment of the lien j
system in our State.
THE SOUTH CAROLINA E. R.
The legal complications which have
for so long impeded and disturbed the
functions of this artery of commerce are !
at last removed, and a new era of j
activity and usefulness dawns upon {
\ . i
It is not easy for a Carolinian, and ;
especially a Charlestonian, to think of:
this grand old highway as other than i
part and parcel of our common domain, j
and yet it is consoling to know, now j
that the right of property and the legal j
title have passed to Northern capitalists, j
that the beneficial interest, for all the !
purposes of trade and convenience, is, i
and must ever remain in thc people of j
South Carolina.
It is very much to be questioned j
whether, from any other than a senti- !
mental view, the transfer of the prop- ?
erty and its management to non-rcsi- j
dents is a material disadvantage to the
State, or to its Metropolis. Certain it
is that the immense sum which repre-*
scnts the financial value of the road is
substantially acquired as so much cap?
ital in the State. If the purchase had
been made by our own people this sum
must have been diverted from those
other channels of domestic commerce
and eDterprise into which it is now free
to flow.
It is not easy to believe that thc in?
terests of the Northern gentlemen who
are now the owners of this fine property
will lead them to make the affairs of the
road auxiliary to some enterprise which j
demands that the interests of Charles- j
ton should be subordinate or secondary j
to its promotion. It would be a colossal j
undertaking, indeed, which could afford
to pay such an enormous bounty in mere
strategy and tactics; for certain it is,
that the advancement of this road and I
interests of Charleston are inseparably j
associated and inter-dcpendent. We j
have nothing to apprehend from new !
methods, and ideas of business, which j
may supplaut familiar and antiquated j
usages.
The fierce competition, and the strug
gie for existence, among the railway j
lines of thc North have sharpened the ?
iugenuity and disciplined the judgment j
of their managers, and instead of su- j
piueness, inattention and wastefulness, i
we may expect vigilance, energy and :
economy. Subservient as these compa- S
nies arc to legislative authority and die- j
tatiou, they must inevitably fall into :
lines of policy iu sympathy with the j
habits and interests of our people.
It is a significant fact that Northern ]
capital has of late obtained, cither io \
whole or in part, the control of nearly j
all thc leading railway hues throughout
the South, and that from Virginia to
Mexico thc potent sway of the railroad i
king is fdr.. Whatever may be thc |
many causes which conspire to this re- j
suit one fact stands prominently forth, j
that railroads derive their nourishment ;
from the material prosperity of thc j
country iu which they lie, and that j
when Southern industry and Northern
capital arc thus vitally associated neither
the national temper uor sectional ad- .
vantage will suffer by it. - Charleston
Herald
There is no town in South Carolina,
of the same size, where more refine- :
mont, culture and intelligence can bc
found than in Pendleton, and none
over which -Ichabod' eau bc more ap?
propriately writlcu
UNDER THE HAMMER !
Sale of the South Carolina Railro;
for $L275,000.
It is not often that Charleston has t
opportunity of witnessing the sale ol
thirteen million dollar railroad, and t
chance that presented itself on the 28t
I in the sale of the South Carolina Ila
road was not neglected. If there we
only two bidders at the sale there w
a splendid attendance of spectators, w!
stood out to the last, upholding the cri
by their patience and presence and e
couraging the competing parties.
The sale took place in the vaca
square on the north side of the Poi
office building. A large table serv
as a platform on which were plac?
three chairs and a small table for ti
use of Receiver Fisher, Auctione
Blake L. White and a stenographic r
porter. Promptly at eleven o'cloi
these three personages mounted tl
stand, which was speedily surround)
by a crowd of about 500 persons cot
posed of brokers, lawyers, banker
merchants, mechanics, railroad mai
nates and gentlemen of elegant leisur
The windows of the Chamber of COE
merce building which afforded a vie
of the scene were crowded with sped
tors. The weather was not as warm ?
on "Red-hot Friday," but thc rays
the sun were the reverse of cool, and
vast variety of umbrellas were put inj
immediate use. There were ginghan
and silks, bombazines and cottons of a
hues and shades and in all the stag<
of umbrella life, and when the Receivei
who is also the Special Master, mounte
the stand tc read the decree of the Coui
under which the sale was held he face
a sea of umbrellas which covered th
entire square.
Among those who are interested i
the road and who were present wer
Major D. T. Corbin, the attorney c
the Receiver ; Major W. H. Brawler
of the Purchasing Committee, and Mt
John W. Sterling, one of the attorney
of the committee; Col. Samuel Lord
Col. H. E. Young, Major G. L. Buisl
Mr. Geo. W. Williams, Messrs. Mitch
ell & Smith, the counsel for the com
plainants in the case ; Mayor Courtenay
Col. John B. Peck, the superintenden
of the road, and others.
SOME PRELIMINARIES.
Upon taking thc stand Mr. Fishe
read the decree of the Circuit Cour
ordering the sale of the road and th<
decree of the Supreme Court modifying
the appeal and confirming the order o
the Court below.
Mr. B. L. WThite, the auctioneer
then read the notice of the sale as pub
lisbed in the News and Courier. Thi
reading of these documents occupiec
about a half hour, during which th?
crowd stood patiently, with elevatec
umbrellas, wipiog the perspiration fron
their moisteoed features.
When the Auctioneer had finished
reading the notice of the sale the Specia!
Master, Mr. Fisher, said he desired tc
call especial attention to the concluding
paragraph which authorized the Mastei
to require bidders to furnish satisfac?
tory proof of their ability to pay thc
cash portion of the purchase money,
?100,000.
Mr. Samuel Lord asked if the check
would be called for just before knocking
down the property.
31 r. Fisher replied, "That is the
question."
Mr. Lord : "I call for the ruling
upon that before beginning the sale."
Mr. Fisher said he simply wanted to
know if thc bidder would be able to
comply.
Mr. Lord contended that Mr. Fisher
had uo right to call for the check until
the bid he was willing to accept as the
last bid was made. That ho was au?
thorized only to require the check before
the property was knocked down.
Mr. Fisher after consulting his coun?
sel, Major Corbin, said he thought the
check should be required before accept?
ing the bid.
Mr Lord then said he raised that
question.
Mr. Fisher replied that he did not
mean to say he was bound to have the
check, but he wanted to see that the
check was forthcoming.
Mr. Lord said that if he made a bid
and was required to produce his check,
the Master was bound to knock down
the road upon the production of that
check.
Mr. Fisher decided that he would
call for the certified check before he
accepted a bid.
THE ENTERPRISE RAILROAD.
Mr. S. B. Pickens then read the fol?
lowing notice, which was subsequently
handed to the Master :
"I beg leave to state that the Enter?
prise Railroad Company own the 30
pouod rails on about one-half a mile of
track that they are using in the. yards
of the South Carolina Railroad for trans?
ferring freight. They were put down
by agreement with the South Carolina
Railroad, are the property of the En?
terprise Railroad, and, therefore, not
included in this sale."
THE BIDDING.
These preliminaries having been
settled, the auctioneer asked for his
bids, and after a slight pause Mr. W.
H. Brawlcy started the bidding at
?500,000. Almost before the auction?
eer could repeat thc figures Mr. Sam?
uel Lord bid ?1,000,000, which figure
was cried for about five minutes, dur?
ing which the competing bidders were
conversing pleasantly, appearing to
have no furthur interest in the proceed?
ing. To cry 'one million dollars' in a
monotone with the mercury at 90? is
not a very pleasant job, but its tedious?
ness was lightened by a number of
changes of accent, which varied the
monotony and gave the bidders time
for deliberation and reflection. One
million dwllars ? At a million dollars !
At one million dollars ? At a million
dollars ! At a million dollars ! for the
South Carolina Railroad was the bur?
den of the auctioneer's cry, until a di?
version was made by the appearance of
Mr. Johu W. Sterling, one of the coun?
sel for the Purchasing Committee, who
after elbowiug his way through thc
outer edge of the crowd to the stand
had a short conference with Mr. Braw
ley. Mr. Brawlcy then bid ?1,050,-j
000, which was promptly followed by !
a bid of ?1,100,000 from Mr. Lord. i
At this poiut Mr. Fisher asked Mr.
Lord for whom was ho bidding, to j
which Mr. Lord replied that he
represented Messrs. George W. Wil?
liams, F. J. Pclzcrood R. N. Gourdin.
Mr. Fisher said it was his business I
to satisfy himself as to the ability of tbe J
purchasers to pay the cash portion of ;
the purchase money, whereupon Mr. j
Lord produced a certified check for \
?100,000.
Thc sale then proceeded, the auc- j
tionccr naging the ehauges upon 'one ;
million one h undi-.d thou: aud' aud
'eleven hundred thousand' for ab
thirteen minutes, during which frequ
appeals were made for better bids. JD
ing this interval the Receiver remarl
that it was 'very slow work,' and
auctioneer appealed to the bidders
spare his lungs, an entreaty to wh
the bidders seemed to lend a deaf ear,
Mr. Geo."W. Williams once rema
ed, sotto voce, 'Well knock it dow:
The crying continued; also the appe
of the auctioneer for a fresh bid.
length Maj. Brawley responded to t
appeal and bid $1,200,000, which \
immediately followed by a bid of $
250,000 from Mr. Lord.
After a few moments Mr. Braw!
bid ?1,275,000, and the biddi
halted a few minutes. This was bi
work on the auctioneer, who appea!
to somebody to bid $1,300,000, -j
to change the tune,' but to this tin
was no response. The Master sugge
ed that the Mayor might buy the rc
for the city, but the suggestion faili
to evoke a bid from the Mayor, heasfc
for Col. Pickens, suggesting that
might purchase the road and consc
date it with the Enterprise Railroi
But even this failed to evoke anotl
bid, and the case seemed hopeless.
Finally about 12 o'clock, one hour ?
ter the commencement of the sale, C
Lord announced that he had no furtt
bid to make.
THE SALE.
The auctioneer asked Col. Lord
he was satisfied that the last bid
?1,275,000 was Major Brawley's bi
to which he replied in the affirmativ
A few moments later, after the usi
notice of 'last call! three times!' thero
was knocked down at ?1,275,000, t
highest bid. Major Brawley present
to the special Master a certified che'
on the National City Bank of New Yo
for ?100,000, drawn by M. D. Sear]
and the Master announced that
obedience to the order of Court the Sou
Carolina Railroad had been sold f
?1,275,000 to J. S. Barnes, Samu
Sloan, J. J. Higginson, F. A. Sto
and W. H. Brawley, trustees for ther.
selves and others.
The sea of umbrellas melted lil
snow beneath the rays of the sun, ai
in five minutes the scene presented tl
usual ippearance of Broad street,- ui
disturbed by so important event as tl
sale o? a Railroad.
The sale was conducted admirabl;
and the arrangements of both Mr. Fis!
er and Blake L. White could not hai
been better -Neics and Courier.
Joint Summer Meeting.
Greenville has been highly honore
during the week by the joint meetin
of the State Grange and Agriculture
and Mechanical Association. The,
are a fine looking, intelligent body c
men, and their discussions of pract
cal questions connected with agrien
ture and mechanical arts were deep!
interesting. They convened in th
Court House on Tjesday at 10 A. M.
and at once proceeded to business
Hon. B. F. Crayton, President of th
State -Agricultural and Mechanics
Society, and Hon. James N. Lipscoml
Master of the State Grange, presided
and the meeting was opened by pray
er by Rev. Dr. J. C. Furman. Hon
M. L. Donaldson, President of th*
Greenville Agricultural and Mechani
cai Association, delivered tbe wei
coming address, and was replied t<
by Hon. Jas. N. Lipscomb, lion
B. F. Clayton made the opening ad
dress.
Col. Wallace, of Columbia, intro
duced S. F. Livingston, Chairman o
the Georgia delegation, who sbiftec
the duty of speech-making on to the
shoulders of Rev. David E. Butler o:
the Georgia delegation, and a bettei
selection could not have been made,
Mr. Butler has the happy faculty o
always instructing an audience, and
was peculiarly fortunate in this in?
stance, as he kept the entire assem
blage in the best of humor, and by
his keen wit and good humored allu?
sions provoked roars of laughter and
generous applause.
The Chairman of the delegations
were directed to furnish the Secreta?
ry with a full list of delegates after
recess.
E. R. Mciver, of Darlington, read
an essay upon the cultivation of up?
land cotton, which elicited considera
ble discussion, which was participa?
ted in by several delegates, and much
valuable information was gained.
Just before recess a communication
was read from Sloan Bros., who,
with their accustomed liberality, in?
vited the joint convention to partake
of copious daughts of cooling nectar
from their Arctic Soda Fountain, lt
is needless to say the invitation was
accepted promptly, and the members
adjourned from labor to refreshment
at once.
After recess J. W. Summers read
an essa\r upon the cultivation of up?
land rice, which was followed by an
essay by Dr. James McIntosh, of
Newberry, on ..Immigration." After
the discussion of this question, Mr.
C. II. Moise read au essay on "The
labor question of the South," but the
hour being late he did not finish,
but announced the continuance of his
address on Wednesday. An invita?
tion from Colonel Hammett for the
members to visit Piedmont on Thurs?
day was received and accepted, when
the meeting adjourned.
At the opening of the meeting on
Wednesday P. J. Berckmans, of
Augusta, Ga., delivered an admirable
dissertation on fruit culture. Mr.
Moise then concluded the reading of
his essay.
Various questions, such as "Thc
advantages of the Grange," "The
lien law," "Hillside draining," "The
stock law," "Transportation," "Cul?
tivation of sugar cane," "Benefits
of an agricultural journal in South
Carolina," were discussed, either by
written essays or orally, and we
regret that our space will not permit
a more extended report of the pro?
ceedings. Thc usual complimentary
resolutions were paused, and the
meeting adjourned sine die. It was
one of the most harmonious, pleasant
end profitable meetings ever held by
thc societies and the presence of the
Georgia delegation added greatly to
the interest of the occasion. On
Thursday most of the members visi?
ted Piedmont.-New South.
A Fool Once More.
"For ten year? ray wife was confined to
her bed with auch a complication of ailments
that no doctor could tell what was the matter
or cure her, and 1 used up a small fortune
in humbug stuif. Six months ago I saw a U.
S. flag with Hop Bitters on it, and I thought
1 would bc a fool once more. I tried it, but
my folly proved to be wisdom. Two bottles
cured her, she is now ns well and strong as
any tmiu's wife, aud it cost rae only two
dollars. Such tolly pave."-II. W.; Detroit,
Mich - r-cc /Vf.';.
THE MARKETS.
WILMINGTON, N. C., Aog. 1, 6 P.M.
SPIRITS TURPENTINE-The market was
firm at 37 cents per gallon, with sales re?
ported of 75 casks at that price.
ROSIN-Tbe market was firm at $1 75 for
Strained and $1 80 for Good Strained, at
whicli price lots are taken as offered.
CRUDE TURPENTINE-Market quoted
firm at $3 10 per bbl for Yellow Dip and
Virgin.
CHARLESTON, S- C., Monday Evening,
Aug. 1, 1S31.-COTTON-This article was
quiet to-day and bu si cess unimportant, tbe
sales probably being less than 20 bale9, among
which were lots of common kinds from 4a8Jc
per lb. The limited transactions taking place
indicate the following rates, say: Deep
stained and low grades, 4a9; Tinged, 10;
Ordinary, 8Aa9?: Good Ordinary, lOalOj;
Low Middling, lCfrJ0?-; Middling, ll?, and
Good Middling, Hf.
The leading Scientists of to-day agree
that most diseases are cu used by disordered
Kidneys cr Liver. If therefore, the Kidneys
and Liver are kept in perfect order, perfeet
health will be the result. This troth hus only
been known a short time and for years people
suffered great agony without being able to find
relief. The discovery of Warner's Safe Kidney
and Liver Cure marks a new era in the treat?
ment of these troubles Made from a simple
tropical leaf of rare value, it contains just the
elements necessary to nourish and invigorate
both of ihcse great organs, and safely restore
and keep them in order. It is a POSITIVE
REMEDY for all the diseases that cause pains
in the lower part of the bi" dy-for Torpid Liver
-Headaches-Jaundice-Dizziness-Gravel
Fever, Ague-Malarial Fever, and all difficul?
ties of the Kidneys, Liver and Urinary Organs.
It is un excellent and safe remedy for females
during Pregnancy. It will control Menstrua?
tion and is invaluable for LeucoTbcea or fall'
ing of the Womb, AS n. Blood Purifier it is un?
equaled, for it cures the organs that make the
blood.
This Remedy, which has done such wonders,
is put up in the LARGEST SIZED BOTTLE
of any medicine upon the market, and is sold
by Druggists and all dealers at $1 25 per bottle.
For Diabetes, inquire for WARNER'S SAFE
DIABETES CUR 15. It is a Positive Remedy.
IL H. WARNER Jfc CO., Rochester, N. Y.
State of South Carolina.
COUNTY OF SUMTER.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE
undersigned have this day formed a
partnership under the firm name of the
Watchman and Southron Publishing Co.,
for the purpose of conducting a General
Newspaper and Job Printing business. -
C. C. BROWN,
N. G. OSTEEN,
D. B. ANDERSON,
W. D. BLANDING
Sumter, S. C., August 1st, 1S81.
" J. A. MOOD,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
OFFICE SOUTH SIDE DUGAN ST.,
SUMTER, S.C.
Aug 2 tf
The Manning High School. I
ATHOROUGH-GOING INSTITUTION
for hoya and girls. Standard high. Lo?
cation healthy. Positively no communication
between l-oys and girls. t<0 students in at?
tendance last year. Cheapest school of like
grade in the State. Board from $7 to $12
per month. Next session begins September
5th. For circulars and terms, address
H. J. HAYNSWORTH. Principal.
Manning, S. C.
REV. H. M. MOOD. \
H. J. HAYNSWORTH, / Faculty,
August 2 tf
WANTED TO SELL OR RENT, A COM
fortable Dwelling House centrallv lo?
cated. Apply to MAJ, MARION MOISE.
A usc 2 tf
New Advertisements.
smzm
"It's only a cold'* has sent thousands
to premature graves. A cold stops up the av?
enues of the system, and disease must result.
Neglected, most violent remedies must be
used to remove the obstruction. Taken timely,
a few doses of
Tarrants Seltzer Aperient
will carry off naturally the cause of the suf?
fering, and save days, months, or even years
of suffering.
SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS.
August 2 4t.
B0RDENT0WN FEMALE
COLLEGE,
Graduatory Courses in Classics, Belles-Let?
tres and Music.
Superior facilities in Music, Art, French and
German.
Thorough instructions iu all departments.
Students treated with confidence and re?
spect.
Manners and morals carefully guarded.
The College a home for its students.
350 scholarship, and eleven other prizes,
awarded.
j2S?*For Catalogue address
REV. WM. C. BOWEN, A. Pres't.
Aug 2_4t_
WESLEYAN FEMALE INSTITUTE,
STAUNTON, VIRGINIA.
Opens September 20th, ISSI, One of the
FIRST SCHOOLS FOR YOONG LADIES TN THK UNIT?
ED STATE.-. Surroundings beautiful. Climate
unsurpassed. Pupils from seventeen States.
TERMS AMONG THK BEST IN THE
UNION. Board. Washing. English Course,
Latin. French, German, Instrumental Music,
?fee, for Scholastic year, from Sept. to June,
$238. For Catalogues write to Rev. WM. A.
HARRIS, D. D. Pres't, STAUSTOS, VIRGINIA.
Subscribe to the Enterprize and Mountain
eer, issued in Greenville, South Carolina, the !
most enterprising and thriving City of the j
State. Size, 26 by 40 inches. 20 columns of
reading matter weekly. Especial attention
given to matters transpiring io the up-coun?
try, where so many are now looking. Estab- ?
lished 57 years. The present Editor connect- j
ed with the office since 1854. $2.00 per j
I annum ; Si.00 for six months. 3?0 new sub
; scribers have been enrolled since last January.
Try it a while. Address
JOHN C. BAILEY, Editor,
Greenville, S. C.
\ Estate Henry G, Foxworth,
DECEASED.
IWILL apply to Judge of Probate for Sumter j
County on the 15th day of August, ISSI, for j
j a final discharge as Administrator of the sfore
i said EstHte. L. 1% LO RING;
Jutv 15. li Administrator.
P. & A. J. MOSES,
Livery and Sale Stables,
Main Street.
(AT ELLIS' OLD STAND.)
A full line of Vehicles and Teams
always on hand. Traveling fares
moderate. Commercial travel?
ers can always be accommodated
there. Contracts for Hauling
taken promptly and satisfacto?
rily executed. In due season
will have a full line of Sale
Stock on hand.
P. & A. J, MOSES.
July 24, 1881. tf.
State of South Carolina
COUNTY OF SUMTER.
IN THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.
Thomas R. Folsom, Plaintiff, against Miriam
D. Folsom, Franklin A. Folsom, Haltom F.
Folsom, Rowland M. Fowler and Louisa P.,
his wife, George Koeth and Catherine I., his
wife, Rosa M. Folsom, and Lawrence W. Fol?
som, Defendants.
To the Defendants above named:
YOU ARE HEREBY SUMMONED AND
required to answer the Complaint in this
action which has been filed in the office of the
Court of Common Pleas for Sumter County, in
said State, and to serve a copy of your answer
to the said Complaint on the subscriber at his
office on Main street, in the town of Sumter, S.
C., within twenty days after the service hereof,
exclusive of the day of such service ; and if you
fail to answer the Complaint within the time
aforesaid, the Plaintiff in this action will apply
to the Court for the relief demanded in the
Complaint.
Dated June 20th 1881.
JOS. H. EARLE,
Plaintiff's Attorney.
(L. S.] W. H. CoTTuro, C. C. P.
To Franklin A. Folsom, Rowland M. Fowler
and Louisa P., his wife, George Koeth and
Catherine I., his wife,
Take notice that the Summons and Complaint
in tbts action have been filed in the office of the
Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas for Sumter
County, in said State, and that the object lt
this action is to make partition of the Estate of
Benjamin Folsom, dec'd, among bis heirs'at
law,
JOS... H. EARLE,
Plaintiff's Attorney.
July 12-6t._
J. D. CRAIG'S
FURNITURE
AND
UNDERTAKING
ESTABLISHMENT,
Sumter,
SC.
(ESTABLISHED IN 1856.)
AFULL ASSORTMENT OF FURNITURE
constantly in store, at prices to suit the
times.
BED ROOM SETTS, WARDROBES,
Bureaus, Wash Stands, Tables,
Bedsteads, Chairs, Sofas, Lounges,
Safes, Sideboards, Looking Glasses,
WbatNots, Wall Brackets, Chromos,
Window Shades and Fixtures,
Picture Frames, Cord, Tassels,
Picture Glass, Window Glass,
Putty, Mattresses. &c, &c.
THE UNDERTAKING DEPARTMENT,
IS FULL AND COMPLETE,
COFFINS AND CASKETS of all descrip?
tions and sizes constantly in store at prices
ranging
For Adults-from $5 to 125.
For Children-from ?3 to 45.
My special personal attention, day by day, is
given to this business, in all its departments,
and satisfaction guaranteed in every case.
Nov 19
New Millinery.
MRS E. A. WHITE AND MISS
CORA MILLER would inform their
friends and the Ladies, generally,
that they have just opened (at the
Store two doors North of Mr. John
Reid's) a Stock of
SPRING- MILLINERY,
consisting of HATS, BONNETS, RIBBONS,
Hair Goods, Neckwear, and Notions of every
description. ap5-tf
WEDGEFIELD BUILDING LOTS
FOR SALE.
WITH the view of meeting the demand for
Building Lots at Wedgefield, the under?
signed has decided to lav out in lots about TEN
ACRES of land, NEAR THE DEPOT, which
will be sold low, and on reasonable terms, to
bona-fide settlers.
JAS. H. AYCOCK,
Aug 17-tf. Wedgefield, S. C.
GLENN SPRINGS,
Spartanburg Co., S. C.
SIMPSON & SIMPSON,
PROPRIETORS.
THIS CELEBRATED WATERING PLACE
is now open to visitors under the same
management as last year. Daily stage lines
connect with trains at Spartanburg. A good
Livery Stable at the Springs. Daily Mail, good
Band'of Music, Billiards, Bagatelle, Ten Pins
and all other Amusments usually found at first
class Watering Places. june 21-tf
VHE WAVERLY HOUSE,
Charleston* S. C.
This popular resort is now open for the
reception of guests.
And no effort will be spared to make this
House first-class in every particular.
GEORGE T. ALFORD,
apl9- Manager.
GILMORE & CO.
(Established 1865.)
Pensions, Increase of PCDS?ODS,
and all oiber classes of Claims for Soldiers and
Soldiers' Heirs, prosecuted. Address with
Stamp. GILMORE k CO.
4ugust 10 Washington, D.C.
ROBERT HOUGH & SONS,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Brandies, Wiaes and flip
44 South-Street. Baltimore, Ad.
December S
SOLOMONS.
GOODS
-AT
LOWEST PRICES
DAILY.
Fresh Arrivals
LIDIES' DRESS GOGf,
cents' and Boys* Summer Clo-'
thiDg,
Hamburg Embroideries,
IN GREAT VARIETY.
L000 Parasols and Umbrellas
AT AUCTION PRICES.
<
Full Stock of Dry Goods
AT BOTTOM PR?CE3.
Complete Stock of
HARDWARE,
SHOES,
HATS,
ind everything usually fouud in'-a
General Assorted Stock.
STRAW MATTING
?AND
CAE PETING.
GROCERIES
? Of the Finest Quality, with
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF
Canned Goods.
The above are offered at reduced
prices, preparatory to the purchase |
rf my Fall and Winter stock.
CALL AND SECURE BARGAINS. -
A.A.Solomo??r
AT THE CORNER.
April 15 .
A. J. CHINA,
DEALER IN
DRUGS, MEDICINES,
-AND
E1NE TOILET SOAPS, HAIR AND TOOTH
BRUSHES; PERFUMERY AND FANCY
TOILET ARTICLES, ?c.. Ac.
Paints, Oils, Varnishes,
DYE STUFFS.
GLASS, PUTTY, &c.
_SL_O- rn,
j2S?- Physicians' prescriptions ae??rately
jompounded. . March 18-ly
..LAND OF THE SKY !"
2,250 Feet Above the Level ot
' VIRGINIA
HENDEHSQNVTLLE, IT. C.
THIS HOUSE bas been thoroughly reno?
vated and put in first class condition for
the SEASON OF ISSI.
The Proprietor will give his personal atten.
Lion to Guests, and do everything ic hi? power
to make them feel at home.
EXCELLENT WELL OF ICE-COLD WATER.
Nice Furniture ; Rooms Carpeted ; Atten ti ve
Servants; Location Central: Fare the Be?;
Telegraph Office ia (be Hotel!
Stages for Asheville leave thia Howe every
morning. Hacks for Brevard and Casar's
Head. Omnibus to and from the Depot.
Good Livery Stable connected zoith
the Bouse.
Terms $2 per day, and by the month
from $20 to $40.
A. J. DOD AM EAD: Proprietor.
June 10
THE SUMTER STOVE MAN.
T. C. SC AFF
STOVES, PUMPS, TINWARE,
STOVE CASTINGS, WII^
LOW WARE, DRIV?
EN PUMPS, GAS
PIPES AND
ELBOWS.
ALSO LAMP FIXINGS AND
CROCKERY.
Gas Pipe Cut and Threaded.
Water Works Put Up.
Pumps Put Down.
Stoves Rebuilt.
Tin Ware Repaired.
Guns Putin Order.
Houses Roofed. /
May 12 lyr,

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