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"HB SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April,
An?:. 2, 1881.}
'Be Just and Fear not--Let all the Ends thou Aims't at? be thy Country's, thy God's, and Truth's.
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established June, 1S6C
SUMTER, S. C., TUESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1881.
New Series-Yoi. I. No. 2.
- ' * -BT TH?
atchman and Southron Publishing
wo Dollars p?r ^nnum-in advance.
i t> V S B TIS B 3f B'? T S .
t??e Square, first insertion..-00
Every sabseqnentTirsertioTJ -.-.. 50
Contracts for three months, or longer will
J&jnade at reduced rates. ?r
, All coumuji?cAtronaVb ick aobaerf e-private
[cari?s and "tributes of respect will be
Mtjri*ge notices aod notices of deaths pub
iihed free. * ' 1? ; >\. * r ; -
^ob work or contracts Yor'advertising
address Watchman and Soittkrony or. apply at
?%e O?c^ to - ??.! G: OSTREN,
THE STONY SOUTH.
.4? Hundred Million Dollars to Devel?
op Mer Resources.
ZS?^?Zi? '.Kr:..? o'-? ' > ? -': '
Railroad Syndicates, and loreign
Capital Courting King Cotton-Ev
Peace Math lier .Victories No Less
Renowned Than War.
- Th? advent of llil^Th?os* flifl in
Baltimore, as a commissioner, of the In?
ternational Exposition ai Atlanta, Ga.,
1 has evolved mach interesting statistics
ss to the material, rezurces and present
\ prospects~ofj?W wayward sisters/ as
Secretary Siward denominated the se?
ceding States in secession . days. Ev?
erywhere, luv those sonny regions is a
large business boom. Kail roads and
cotton x?ct?ri?s are being da??y devel?
oped as'if by Alnaschir magic,-and all
the Skrath seems to' propose to itself to
blossom* as t^fe rose.
Advices, from .Atlanta,. .Ga., state
that there Have been 'subscribed in tbe
North and fn Ifordpe iuifoe'p?st'eighteeu
months $100,000,000 for investment in
the South. This statement sounds
rrarveloas, ^aad^t it ?an be* easily
^sbown tofo-^ttW. ' lt may' be stated,
however, that in this estimate none of
the vast sums invested in the South?
west ate included. In other, words,
. this enormous sum of money covers in?
vestments and developments only in
that part of "the South, east of the Mis?
sissippi Hiver and South of Bichmond,
Va. Of course, the largest sums have
_ been subscribed for the purchase and
building of railroad lines. The effect of
"*S3^ has been to improve the roads al
dy built, to.develope new sections of
>* ^ntrj>thus starting new currents of
?trade and quickening old ones and to take
^Cr?m Southern hands, atadvarieed prices
Marge amounts of " railroad . stocks.
^Among the more important movements
made in the direction of Southern rail?
road investment and developements are
the Cinctnnatt? and Georgia syndicate.
This 8yjj3icate was organized in New
Yortt inTtfay last, with a capital ofijj;16,
000. 000, under the auspices of George
1. Seney, of the Metropolitan Bank ;
Thomas & Co., of Columbus, Ohio, and
E. W. Cole, of-Nashville, the latter
being made president. ' The company
purchased the Macon and Brunswick
system in Georgia ; the Selma, Borne j
and Patton in Alabama; the East Ten?
nessee and Virginia in the States named,
and a lease of the Memphis and Char?
leston, and will build at a cost of about
$7,000,000, several lines of road to
connect the purchased properties into
one system. The work on these con?
nections is now progressing, and when
finished will give the syndicate a cart?
wheel system the hub being at Chatta?
nooga and the spokes penetrating the
sections of the South in S ve directions,
and Sodi?g termini at Bristol, in Ten?
nessee; the Mississippi river, at Mem?
phis ; at Meridiao, where the South?
western roads end; at the Atlantic ocean
Rt Brunswick and Savanah. The money
subscribed by this syndicate is $16,?
000,000, but tbe bonds floated in the
? 'North and in Europe raise the total to
THE GEORGIA SYNDICATE.
The Georgia Pacific syndicate, orga?
nized to build from Atlanta, Ga., Birm?
ingham, through the coal and iron
fields of Alabama-heretofore virtually
nnpeoetrated and the richest on the
continent-and thence to the Mississippi
river: Gen. John B. Gordon, who re?
signed his senatorship to give himself ?
to such enterprises, is president of this j
company, which contains sueh men as j
Hugh J. Jowett. Ex-Senator Barnum, j
of Conneticut ; U S. Grant, Jr. ; Geo.
YT. Perkins, of the Mercantile Bank ;
E. H. Perkins, of the Importers and
Traders" Bank; Senator Plumb, of J
Kansas; W. P. Clyde and several
"Richmond, Ya., subscribers. The cap?
ital required by this Company is $12.
500,000, which has ali been subscribed.
Work is now progressing on both ends
of the line and the road is graded twen?
ty miles each way from Columbus,
Miss., and Atlanta, Ga. This road
will make the most important develop- j
ment of the past ten years in the South.
The Norfolk and Western syndicate,
which purchased the Atlantic, Missis?
sippi a?d Ohio road, in Virginia : This
ndicate was represented by Clarence j
Clark, of Philadelphia, and com-!
C. C. Baldwin, H. I
Victor Newcomb, George C. Clark, I
Robert Mioturn, who will be recogniz- j
ft ed as leadiog capitalists of New York, ]
and the Louisville and Nashville people.
The capital required for the Norfolk |
and Western was $11,500,000, which
does not include the cost of certain ex?
tension, estimated to be $2,000,000
more. The first capital, however, of
$11,500,000 will suffice for the present.
The Erlanger syndicate, made up of
Frankfort capitalists, and represented by
Mr. Fred Wolfe. The syndicate takes
its name from Baron Erlanger, and is
accordingly strong. It has owned the
Alabama and Great Southern road for
some time, and has just purchased the
Brunswick and Albany road of Georgia,
the Vicksburg and Shreveport and the
Vicksburg and Meridian roads at a cost
-ef $10,800,000. This company will
build 320 miles of new road, and has
jost put a block of $7.500,000 on the
market in Europe. When completed
its system will be a good one, stretching
from New Orleans to Chattanooga
northward, and coastwise from New
Orleans to Brunswick, Gi.
The Richmond and Danville syndi?
cate, usually known as the Clyde, syn
I dicate : This company controls the
organization af the Richmond and Ban?
ville road by holding 28,000, of its
40,000 shares. This cost them less
than $2,000.000. and through it they
control 1,550 miles of road aad are
building about 400 miles more, besides
the Georgia Pacific, in which they are
interested. The chief members of the
syndicate are-W. P.. Clyde, G. W.
j Perkins and?T/ H. Perkins, of New
j York ; General-T. M. Logan, John
j Branch, Mr. Palmer, and the Stewarts,
ofRtchmnod, Va. The Stewarts are
retired tobacconists, said to be worth
probably. ?&000,000. The capital of
the syndicate is represented by its stock
in the Richmond and" Danville road,
bat the following are its investments
made within the past eighteen months,
Northern or European capital being
used, of course, for the purchases : It
bought the Columbia and Greenville
system of roads, aggregating 297 miles
;and costing?$6,ppO,l,00 ; the Charlotte,
Columbia and Augusta road, costing
$1,300,000; the Western North Car?
olina road, costing; over $4,000,000
and $1,000,000 to finish it (the work
now going on,) and the York River
road, costing, with its extension, $1,
500,000. The company is now engaged
in extending the Northeastern railroad
from Athens, Ga., to Knoxville, Tenn.,
which will cost $4,000.000, and for
which the money bas been provided
and the contracts .let. These all repre?
sent actual investments of $17,800,000.
Besides this the syndicate has several
lines leased, on which ? certain percent?
age is guaranteed. When its lines,
present and building, are consolidated
with the Georgia Pacific, as will proba?
bly be done, the Richmond and Dan?
ville syndicate will press the Louisville
and Nashville line very close.
The Louisville and Nashville system,
which is now building an extension of
the Pensacola and Atlantic road, which
baa-been- purchased at a cost of about
$3,500,000,. and is.being finished at a
cost of $1,000,000 additional. This
road is also building from Livingston,
Kv., toward Knoxville at a cost of over
$1,000,000. This company and its
friends in New York also purchased
control of the Nashville, Chattanooga
and St. Louis road, of the Western and
Atlantic, the Mobile and Montgomery,
and Mobile and New Orleans roads
within the past two years at a cost of
The Baltimore and Ohio Company
bought some time ago the Virginia
Midland road, intending to go Sooth,
as it had already gone West Its an?
cient enemy, the Pennsylvania Central
operating through its sympathy with
the Richmond and Danville syndicate,
has outstripped it and shut it off in its
Southern race The last tilt between
these companies was in trying to cap?
ture the Atlanta and Charlotte air lir e
The Baltimore and Ohio was beaten out
of it, although it offered 1 per cent,
more than the Richmond and Danville
folks gave. Being cut off in this trade,
they have now commenced building a
road from Danville, the terminus of
their Southern line, to Spartanburg, S.
C.. This voad, now under way will
cost built and equipped at least $5,000,
000, But this will not be the end.
The elder Mr. Garrett, in his report to
the stockholders a few days since, said
that the Baltimore and Ohio roust get
to Atlanta, which is the first point they
can reach where they can get competi?
tion with their rivals. To reach Atlanta
will cost $5,00,000 more. It is shrewdly
suspected that this company will io a
short time buy the South Carolina road.
In any event,-?it h;?s already put $5,
000,000 down for building a new South?
ern road and must spend millions more
before it completes its Southern system.
mm HHH tmm
The Fastest Trotter.
Maud S. is seven years old. She
was bred near Lexington, Ky., by A.
J. Alexander. She sold for only
$400 when two years old. Her first
fast time was three years ago at Lex?
ington, making a mile in 2.IT 1-2
She made thc same year 2.19; 2 21;
and 2.13 1-2; at Chicago. But here is
her full record since then, and it is
"At Buffalo, on Agust 4, 1880,
she lost the first heat in 2.17, but won
the remaining heats and race in 2.15,
2.16 3-4 and 2.16 1-2. lier next
appearance was against time, W. H.
Vanderbilt having become her owner.
He paid Capt. Stone $21,000 for her
and objected to the risk of injury in?
volved in a contest with other horses,
and siuce then she has trotted only
against records and her own time.
In Rochester, on August 12. she
trotte quarter, 32 1-2 ; half 105 ;
three quarters, 1.311-2; mile, 2-113 4
At Chicago, September 16, she low?
ered the record-quarters, .33 1-4
half, 1 04 1-2. three quarters, 1-36
3-4 ; mile, 3.11 1-2. Two days later
she further reduced the record, bring?
ing the mile down to 2.10 3-4
This year she began the campaign
by making a mile over the track in
Columbus, Ohio, in 2.13 1-4; beating
Ranis' time, the best ever made over
that track, by 4 1-2 seconds. Trot?
ting, against St. Julien's time over
the Detroit track, she beat it in 2.13
3 4. Again, at Pittsburg, on Jul}' 13,
she lowered her record by a quarter
of a second, the time being 2.10 1-2.
lu Chicago, four days ago, on a track
notably three seconds slow, she made
the be^t two miles ever made over
any track, 2.11 1-4 and 2.11.
Miracle Cures m Connecticut.
Miss Ann Lewis, daughter of E. B.
Le wis, residing on Washington street, |
in this city, has been cured by one
visit from Mrs. Mix. the colored woman
from Wolcottville, whose friends claim
that she has already restored nearly 2,
000 invalids by her application of the
Bible theory of faith. Miss Lewis has
been an invalid for some three years,
during which time she has lost her
power of will so that she could not leave
her bed. She now walks every day,
and is constantly gaining in strength,
with no fears of a relapse. Mrs. Mix
makes no charge for her services, save
her simple expenses.-Hartford Times.
The Commercial Drummer.
The following is taken from a letter
of a distinguished clergyman of Abbe?
ville County to the Associated Reformed
I found on the train the inevitable
drummer, a product and necessity of
modern enterprise. He is a character
to study, his cheek is unused (io blushes,
be has no deadly dread of a lie, he has
that glibness of tongue that can he ac?
quired only by long and earnest practice.
There is one thing he can do, he may
be very deficient in other traits and
qualities, but be can puff bis wares
and the particular firm that it is his
predestinated mission to talk up. He
bas learned long ago that one way of
getting himself up is to pull others
down, and this he does without scruple.
I have been told that there are decent
men among them ; it may be so, but
surely they are the exceptional cases.
That business must indeed be in a bad
way which hasn't some decent men in
it. I know from personal observation
of drummers, that if there are foul
mouthed, profane, shamelessly indecent
jjeonfeth^&are they. I ntake it that
tol>^;Bram?i.?r is not an easy way to
get to3?eaveh. Do you think that valise
contains only samples and wearing ap
pearel ? My^dear' sir, you are great?
ly mistaken ; there in one corner, is
ensconced the whiskey flask, and in an?
other, place the pack of cards, marked
perhaps.v Can adjone tell why these
four things generally go together,
profanity, card-playing, whiskey-drink?
ing and general worthlessness of moral
character ? They are closely allied;
wherever one is seen the other three
are not far off. And there is no one
-occupation in which all four are so
generally found as in the modern drum?
mer. ,"_'._ ?
iThe drummer ia an example .of. this
fact, that men go to. waste and ruin,
morally, when they are shut out from
borne influences. Home, and especial?
ly a Christian home, is almost a Para?
dise regained. Its power to restrain
fro. evil and cultivate and stimulate
the good cannot be overrated, lt is one
of the most blessed conservative influen?
ces in this bad world. Without
"Sweet Home," earth would need no
fire, or brimstone or visible fiends to
make it a bell, not in metaphor but in
I reckon that the next time four
drummers are seated around a square
table ornamented with fifty-two pieces
of pictured pasteboard and a bottle of
whiskey, they will not give me a vote
of thanks for what I have here said
The Caustic Reply of a Baltimore
CHARLESTON, S. C., Aug. 1,1881
Reverend Sir : In your letter, in
the Associated Reform, Presbyterian,
you discuss Drummers. Permit' one of
this class to say a few words in reply.
My valise contains, contrary to your
diagnosis of the average drummer's
satchel, no pack of cards or whiskey
flask. But in that valise is a Bible, from
which, when I have concluded, I will
have drawn for your benefit more freely
than you will probably think a poor
drummer capable, who often in weak?
ness tramples the law of God under
You begin wi;h the assertion that
the drummer is a necessity, and then
labor to prove a necessity an evil. To
state your postion in harmony with
logicial technicality, you, substantially
assert that trade is a necessity ; that
the drummer is indispensable to trade,
therefore the drummer is an evil. Your
process of ratiocination is as sublimely
logical as would be a mathematical phe?
nomenon announcing that 3 added to 4
You designate commercial travellers
as "foul-mouthed, profane," and the
unclean tongues, voicing the thoughts
of the impure hearts of every class of
mankind, you tacitly commend by not
putting them in the same catalogue. I
commend the following passage of Holy
Writ to you ; "But if ye have respect
to persons, ye commit sin, and are
convinced of the law as transgressors."
James, 2d chapter, 9th verse.
You think drumming a poor way to
get to Heaven 1 think misrepresenta?
tion a worse way. You are in the worse
way. A hard working, honest drum?
mer (and there are thousands) may
succeed in getting a firm grip on the
Eternal throne, but a preacher, who
misrepresents bis fellow-men, will find
himself grappling thin air.
I perceive that you have more studi?
ously applied yourself to the charming
writings of Hoyle than to Biblical litr
erature. You show none of the broad
and deep charity of the Bible, but you
are really classical when you volunteer
information gleaned from the sacred
pages of Hoyle's disquisitions on games
of chance. You announce to the public
that there are fifty-two cards in a pack
and that oard players sometimes mark
the cards. I have no doubt that these
two facts will constitute valuable data
for those Sunday-school children whose
spiritual instruction is your especial
duty and pleasure. Does any cid habit
of handling cards ever so emphatically
assert itself as to lead you to "shunie"
your hymn book, and "deal out" a
"full hand" of leaves to each member
of the congregation ? If so, I suggest
thc following scripture: "That ye put
off conceroing the former conversation
the old man, which is corrupt according
to the deceitful lusts ; and be renewed
in the spirit of your mind." Eph.,
4th chap., 22-23d verse.
You write : "The drummer has no
deadly dread of a lie." Neither have
you when you say, "I know from per?
sonal observation of drummers that if
there are foul-mouthed, profane, shame?
lessly indecent people, these are they."
A man's moral qualities attract men of
like morals and repel those of dissimilar
moral features. The braying of one
ass calls forth a vocal response from the
nearest ass in the neighborhood. A
lascivious man seeks the company of
the lewd. The drinker of ardent spirits
finds congenial companionship in the
society of another imbiber. A righteous
man is blessed, because he "walketh
not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor
standeth in thc way of sinners, nor
sittcth in thc seat of the scornful."
Psalms, 1st chap., 1st verse. ?
seem * 'by the eternal fitness of thing:
by which like is made to mingle wi
like, to have been walking in the cou
sel of ungodly drummers, and stand i
tn the way of sinning drummers, ac
not satisfied with these iniquitous as:
elations, you courteously divide yo
car seat witb a scorning drummer.
Why don't you associate with a b<
ter class of these men? Contrary
your statement there are more decei
than indecent ones among them. Ma
of them are Christians. Nine-tenths
them who travel South Carolina we
trained at the knees of Southern mot
ers. One-half of them fought for t
i liberty of the Southland. Nioetee
twentieths of them are gentlemen,
they were otherwise than gentlem
they could not succeed in their effoi
to hold the trade of the gentleman
merchants of Carolina. Gentlemen w
not transact business continuously wi
moral lepers, especially where the tran
action puts the merchant almost whol
at the mercy of the salesman, as is tl
.case in buying and selling of goods
wholesale. Ask the merchant if, as
rule, they have not found them honet
Let the railroad conductors and tl
hotel-keepers speak also. Let the fire
North and in Charleston, who cmpow
drummers to collect money, receipt bil
and draw drafts, answer as to the inte,
rity of these men, and then compa
their responses with the product of yoi
slanderous pen, when you write, .
have been told that there are decei
men among them, but surely they ai
the exceptional cases." Remember, si
that through the columns of the pre
you have sent to the home of many
widowed mother, whose^only means
support is the salary of her toilir
drummer boy, whose heart runs bac
toward his borne, that that boy is ii
decent in his life. I could now wri
the names of twenty whose lives ai
those of sacrifice, who save nothing f<
themselves, but send all to cheer tl
hearth-stone and spread the table f<
the anxious mother.
Sir, following the dictates of y ot
own pen rse spirit, you, a minister ?
God, have slandered these men, whe
you know nothing of them excepting
few whose conversation was imprope:
Almighty God laid on Ezekiel the bu:
den of proclaiming the terrible judg<
ment from which you cannot escape
"Woe unto the foolish prophets thi
have followed their own spirit and ha\
seen nothing." Ezekiel, 13tb chaptei
Not one word of admonition do yo
give to these itinerant salesmen, wb
are subject to such temptation. Yo
did not write of them in a spirit (
kindness. If you saw and beard thci
sin you do not, in' your letter, sorro'
over their sins, but simply proclaime
them vile. Contrast your letter wit
the letter of the great preacher of Mar
Hill, the Apostle Paul, when writin
to the erring Corinthians ; and let th
contrast cause you to hang your head ii
everlasting shame, as his spirit, sweet
ened with human charity and mello*
with divine love, utters, "I write no
these things to shame you, but as m;
beloved sons I warn you.' Cor., 4tl
chapter, 14th verse. Sir, how doe
your letter contrast with that'beautifu
When you heard a drummer swear
ing, did you go to him in the kin?uesi
j and affection illustrating Christian char
acter, shimmering with the beatitude)
of righteousness and whisper in his eai
the words of inspiration : "My son at
tend unto my wisdom, and bow thine
ear to my understanding; that thoc
mayest regard discretion, and that thy
Hps may keep knowledge." Prov.,
5th chapter, 1st and 2d verses. "Lei
no corrupt communication proceed out
of your mouth but that which is good tc
the use of edifyiDg." Eph., 4tb chap.,
29th verse. Did you say this, or any?
thing like this, or did you never hear
of this scripture before? I trust that a
young drummer, who is a sinner, will
not quote scripture that will surprise
one of the oracles of the church.
Ia view of your cruel, bitter, unchar?
itable heart, there is one more passage
I want to quote to you Wheo the heart
of Nebuchadnezzar-unmerciful toward
his fellow-man, like your own heart
offended God, while he slept the fabric
of a terrible vision relied before his
mind's eye, ag a chariot rolling along
the tall highways of the night and laden
with the terrific judgments of the Ever?
lasting. While Nebuchadnezzar peered
into the midsu of the terrible scene an
awful voice shouted : "Let his heart
be changed from a mail's heart and let
a least's heart be given unto htm " So
say I of you.
JOUN R. MORRIS,
With Matthai, Tngrum & Co.,
Sixteen Children at One Birth.
A man in Illinois, having sent to a
Washington journal a photograph of
five of his children who wore born on
the same day, asserting that 'no other
man can show a picture of five,' the
newspaper quiets him with the follow?
ing statistics :
'Instances have been found where
children to the number of sis, seven,
eight, nine, and sometimes sixteen, have
been brought forth at one birth. The
wife of Emanuel Gago, a laborer near
Valladoid, was delivered the 14th of
Jane, 1779, of five girls. Thc cele?
brated Tarsin was brought to bed in
the seventh month, at Argentuil, near
Paris, 11th of July, 1779, of three
boys, each fourteen and a half inches
long, a girl thirteen inches. They
were all baptized, but did not live over
twenty-four hours. lo June, 1779,
one Maria Ruiz, of Duceoa, in Anda?
lusia, was successively delivored of six?
teen boys, without any girls. Seven of
them were alive on the 16th of August
following. lu 1535 a muscovite peas?
ant named James Kyr?off and his wife
were presented to the Empress of Rus?
sia. The peasant had been twice mar?
ried, and was then seventy years of age.
His first wife was brought to bed twen?
ty-one times, namely four times four
children each time, seven times of three,
and ten times of two, making in all
fifty-seven children, who were then
alive. His second wife, who accompa?
nied him, bad been delivered seven :
time-once of three children,, and six
times of twins. Thus he had seventy
two children by his two marriages.
A SPLENDID SCHEME.
The Clyde Combination to Se'tle Six
Hundred Thousand Acres with Im?
Says the Augusta Evening News:
The Clyde Combioatic-D, one of the
largest and most powerful railroad syn?
dicates of th 2 day, is now engaged in
developing a plan which will do more
than anything else to put its long Hues
of railroad on a solid and self-sustaining
It is intended to settle thickly the
lines of road now owned by the Clyde,
and thus not only develop the rich
Southern section of country, bat pro?
vide a local business in passenger and
freight traffic along the lines. Tbe idea
is of course a good one, and to show
that the authorities mean business, we
learn that the Clyde combination al?
ready owns 600,000 acres of land along
its lines in Virginia and the Carolinas,
on which to settle thc immigrants
brought over. The plan is already
formed and will soon be put in opera?
The effect of such a scheme is easy
to comprehend and foresee, and yet it
is so immense that the mind fails to
grasp it all at once. All kinds of bus?
iness will be assisted by such an addi?
tion of people. The agricultural inter?
ests of such sections will be given a
big lift, the merchants will have larger
orders, all professions will be benefited
and of course passenger travel and
freight orders will be multiplied world
The Clyde Combination now own and
control nearly all the lines of road south
of Richmond, in Virginia and the Car?
olinas, extending as far as Augusta
and Atlanta. The 600,000 acres owned
by the syndicate are scattered along the
Richmond and Danville, Western North
Carolina ; Charlotte, Columbia and Au?
gusta, the Atlanta and Charlotte Air
Line, and other Carolina roads.
? Question of Time.
Which a Good Women Found it Difficult to
Get through Her Ht ad.
[Frotti the San Franci?o Chronicle ]
"Did it ever occur to you, my dear,
tiiat a person going overland would
have to mail two letters a day from
the train in order to have one letter
a da}7 return to San Francisco ?" asked
Major Max the other evening after
the cloth was removed from the table
and bis wife was pouring his glass
of two-thirds benedictine and one
third curacoa, which his wife con?
tended was the only civilized drink
with which to pr?paie for the after
Mrs. Max passed the Major his
cordial and waited a moment before
replying : "Why, no ; it seems to me
that if a person traveling cast
mailed a letter each day by a west
waid bound train a letter would
arrive here each day."
Mrs Max answered cautiously, for
while she knew that the Major pre?
tended to deplore the fact that she
was illogical, he really derived much
comfort from his superior comprehen?
sion, and was somewhat addicted to
studying out intricate propositions
with which to puzzle the lady.
"You think so, do you ?" queried
the Major, as though about to be
convinced by her, while in truth he
only wanted her to commit herself
more decidely that his victory would
be the more signal.
"Why, yes," Mrs. Max continued,
somewhat assured, "if you mailed a
letter on the first day out, it would
get here the next day ; if you mail
one thc day following it would arrive
here a day after the first, and the
letters being mailed twenty-four
hours apart would of course continue
to arrive here a day apart. They
couldn't grow further apart on the
road, could they Major ?"
Mrs. Max woend up this sequence
of feminine logic with a triumphant
accent, and felt sure she had posed
the Major, for he did not reply until
after lighting a cigar. Then he said
slowly: "You post a letter the first
day out ?"
"That letter arrives here the day
after you leave ?"
"Certainly. One day gone, one
"Exactly. Well thc next day-a
little curacoa, straight please-the
next day you post another letter
from the train, and-"
, "And that arrives here the day
after the first, of course, making two
days out and two letters received,
and so on to New York. ?h
If Mrs. Max had not been ex?
amining a new pattern of lace she
had )n her sleeves she might have
noticed the satisfied smile the Major
had as he leaned back in his chair
and said ; "The second day out you
would be at Ogden."
"Wouldn't it take as long for a
letter to return to San Francisco as
it had taken you to go to Ogden ?"
"I supposo so."
"Then the second letter would
arrive herc two days after you arrived
at Ogden and four davs after you left
Mrs. Max looked up and said hesi?
tatingly : "Well, I don't see how
you make that out."
"I did not make it out, Mrs. Max, I
only asked if I was right."
"No, you are not ; if you post j
letter on a returning train each day
I say that a letter must arrive herc \
each day, and I don't care."
Mrs. Max, how long does it take to
go to New York ?" ,
"Seven days, I suppose." ,
"Then a letter a day would be i
seven letters. You would post your I
sixth letter on your sixth day out
and it would take it six days more to
return, being twelve days after you (
left here. Now, aa you had only *
mailed five letters before the one
which arrived on thc twelfth day, ?
how could a letter a day have ar- ]
rived ?" i
Mrs. Max thought a moment and s
then asked with a considerable i
warmth : "Do 'you mean lo say, ;
Major Max, that if a person going to j
New York posts a letter on a San '
Francisco-bonnd train each day that
it takes two weeks for all those let?
ters to arrive here ?"
"It certainly would, replied the
Major, glowing comfortably behind
bis cigar. He knew Mrs. Max ac?
knowledged her defeat by the way she
rang for the tea, but she would not
ask fur further explanations, so the
reader must figure out the proposi?
tion without further assistance than
the Major's hints afford.
Its Revival on the Gape Fear-The
Old Farms Being Reclaimed-Some
Figures and Facts. *
During the past three years a grow?
ing interest in rice culture bas been
manifested in this section of the State,
caused by the increased value of thc
cereal. Until recently and since the
close of the war, the cultivation of rice
on the Cape Fear has been almost en?
tirely abandoned, but very little, in
comparison to former crops and the pro?
ductive capacity of the lands, being j
raised for market, and by far the larger |
part of the field being idle.
The reclaiming of these fields were j
necessarily at first on a small scale, ?
and as an experiment, with the present
system of labor. So well did the new
pioneers succeed, that others were in?
duced, by the result of the labors of the
'experimenter^' to embark in thc once
lucrative busiuess. So rapidly has the
interest in rice planting increased that
to-day more than one-half of the rice
lands on the river have been reclaimed
and are now under a high state of cul?
tivation. Among the most prominent
rice planters on the river now are Mr.
Jno. F. Carroll, who cultivates 252
acres; Navassa Guano Company, 260
acres; Mr. Sam'l F. Potter, 125 acres;
Mr. Geo. W. Kidder, 75 acres; Mr J.
Dickson McBae, 150 acres; Mr. Fran?
cis M. Moore, 175 acres; Mr. Win.
Larking, 50 acres; Capt. D. R. Mur?
chison. 230 acres; Col. S.L.Fremont,
200 acres; -Mr. W. Hankins, 100 acres;
Dr. W. G. Curtis, 200 acres; Mr. B
A. Hallet, 50 acres; Mr. Calvin Grimes,
50 acres; Mr. R. B. Wood, 75 acres;
Mr. A. W. Reiger, 100 acres; Hon. D.
L. Russell, 100 acres, and about 400 j
acres cultivated by negro men whose j
names wc could not ascertain, making a
total of 2.592 acres of rice lands now!
under cultivation. It is thought that !
at least 125,000 bushels'of superior rice j
will be made in this section this season. J
We are treating solely with lowland j
rice and have not included in our figures j
the rice crop of the uplands, which will
probably reach 5,000 bushels.- W?
Benefits cf the Lien Law*
There be some who favor the op?
erations of the Lien Law, but judging j
by what occurred last Saturday the
number is rapidly diminishing and j
will very likely continue to do so. |
It seems that a negro man by the j
name of Ellis Alexander, living 8 or j
10 miles above Camden, has been j
tr?'?ng his hand upon the innocence j
of some of our merchants. He gave
a lien on his crop and mortgage on
cei tain personal property to one of j
our merchants, during the early part j
of the year, for about $150. Having
absorbed the amount contracted for
with Merchant No. 1, he goes to
another merchant who makes advan?
ces to an amount exceeding $60, se?
cured by similar paper, i hen, ap?
parently a good financier, he proceeds
?o Merchant No. 3, and secures ad?
vances from him, based upon similar
security. Not satisfied with his re?
markable financial eugitieering, tho
aforesaid Ellis Alexander goes to
another me?chant and secures credit
for a certain amount of goods ami
gives another lien. Having absorb?
ed all of In's credit he goes to Mer?
chant No. 4, lastSaurday, and obtains
an "extension " perchant No. 4
soon got wind of hts customer's tricks
and, having satisfied himself of the
real state of affairs, calls on Merchant
No. 3, who sends his porter up town
(where Ellis Alex, is) and requests
his customer to call and see him. In
a few minutes both return. Ellis
Alexander is nabbed, a warrant is
issued for him and he now lies in the
county jail awaiting the pleasure of
His Honor Judge Cothran.-Ker.
A leading agriculturist tells us he
has long claimed that if the soil is
worked deep enough and finely pul?
verised, it will take a very severe
drought to prevent it from maturing
a crop. The yield may be lessened j
by a drought, but a total failure would ?
be something very unusual on soil j
that had bern stirred by a plow 6ix- j
teen to twenty incl.es deep. To work
soil to such depth is certainly an ex-1
pensive operation ; but what of this, j
so long as a proportionate return is j
obtained? To make "two blades of j
grass grow where one grew before,"
is the aim, or should be, of every j
good farmer, and if ten acres can be
made, through deep culture, to yield
as much as twenty by the usual sys- j
terns of shallow plowing, there must ;
be a gain equal to the cost of the j
extra ten acres. ?
There is little doubt that the crinoline
will soon be upon U3. It ha9 carried
?verything before it in England, despite
ibe protests of both the men and women
md has already crossed the Atlantic
and appeared in New York. Its course
is slow but sure. Worth, of Paris, is
said to be responsible for its invention,
Dr rather for tis restoration of an old
;tyic, haring designed it as a coup to
restore bis fame, which somehow had
been growing dim of Ute.
The Baltimore American. Republi
jan organ, thus refers to a man of dis
'Dr Hammond, of New York, who
so sharply criticizes the President's
physicians, was dismissed from thc
irmy as Surgeon General, but was re?
stored by Congress and allowed to re?
sign after a lapse of nearly twenty
Notes by the Way.
ONTARIO AN1) TS? ST. LAWRENCE RIVER.
A?er spending two days at Niaga?
ra, our party set out on Monday,
Jnn? 27tb, on a retar? trip to Toronto.
Arriving there at 2' o'clock in the
day, we found the boat for Montreal
read}' to start. In a few minutes the
transfer was made, and we steamed
out from the Tittle harbor, with a boat
well filled with a happy party of tour?
ists, all in quest of pleasure and sight?
seeing. Our route Say along the
northern border of the lake, two hun?
dred miles^ For tome hours wc kept
within sight of the high cliffs on the
shore, which glowed under the soft
light of the evening sun as ii crown?
ed with a halo of glory. Until dusk
the sea was as calm as one could
wish, but as night came on, a brisk
wind worked the sea into a very fret?
ful state, and the boat seemed to
labor in her journey^ At this junc?
ture oue of our party suddenly left off
admiring the glories of Ontario, and
when found again, he was lying on l?is
back, with thc pallor of death on his
features. At the other end of the
boat others were in a similar condi?
tion, and some went sa far as to pay
their tribute to the Bea. Night at
length came on, and while we slept
the good boat made bet way onward.
Just at sunrise, we arrived at King?
ston, where, by the way, lie Cite re?
mains of John Rothwell, whom many
of us learned to know and love du?
ring his evangelistic labors in Sum?
ter in '76 and "77. We felt sorrow?
ful and sad as we thought of him
sleeping there, cut down thus in the
midst of Voung manhood and useful
At this point we enter the St. Law
renee River, aud arc one hundred and
seventy-two miles from Montreal.
We are now to have the advantage
of daylight along the whole of our
journey down thc river. Just as
we leave Kingston we enter the
Thousand Islands, which from here
extend fifty miles down the river.
They form tho most numerous collec?
tion of river islands in the world, and
consist of 1,800 woody and rocky
islets of every imaginable shape, size
and appearance ; some being mere
dots of rock a few yards in extent,
others covering acres, thickly wbod
ed and presenting the most charming
appearance of rich foliage. At times
our vessel passed so close to them
that we might have cast a pebble on
their shore. Again the river would
seem to come to an abrupt termina?
tion ; but on approaching the threat,
cuing shore, a channel would sudden?
ly appear, and we were whirled into
a magnificent amphitheatre of lakes,
bouuded by beautiful banks of green.
As we approached the seeming lake
shore, the mass moved as if in a
kaleidoscope, -and a hundred little
islets broke into view. We learned
that this is a famous ground for sport?
ing, and that myriads of wild fowl
are found here in the winter, and
they say that angling is rather fatigu?
ing than otherwise from the great
quantity and size of the fish. We
thought, as we heard this, that such
fatigue would be pleasant.
On ene of these little islands, near
the lake entrance, Mr. George M. Pull?
man, of palace-car fame, has erected
a handsome summer villa.
Those islands, too, have been the
scene of the most exciting romance.
From their great number, and the
labyrinth-like channels among them, ;
they afforded an admirable retreat
for the insurgents in the Canadian 1
insurrection of* 1837, and for the !
American sympathisers with them (
who sought to overthrow the British ,
government in Canada. Among these :
was one man who, from his daring (
and ability, became an object of anxi- '
ous pursuit, by th? Canadian authori- ,
ties. Herc he fjund a safe asylum, j
and through the dovotedness and
courage of his daughter, whose sk il- 1
ful management of her canoe was j
such that, with a host of pursuers, .
she still baffled their efforts at capture, i
while she supplied him with provi 1
sions in these bolitary retreats, row- j
Eng him from one place of conceal
ment to another under the shadow of ,
These islands abound in material 4
for romance and poetry, and many \
are thc traditions of the Indians. For (
instance, eui the Manitoulin Islands ^
Indians believe that the "Manitou,"' | c
that is, the Great Spirit, (and hence j t
the name of the islands,) has forbid- 1
den his children to seek for gold, and j |
they tell you that a certain point I j
where it is reported to exist in large j
quantities, has never been visited by i
the disobedient Indian without his c
canoe being overwhelmed in a tem- J
Along thc banks of thc river, as t
we go down, we* pass many very 1
beautiful towns and villages, of which j *
Brookville presented the most pleas- J
ing appearance. It is on the Canadi- .
sn side, and is built on a succession
if graceful ridges.
The river is from one to five miles 1
wide, aud about jmidday the increas?
ing swiftness of th?~?iver revealed to .
JS the fact that we were about to f
jnter thc first of those, remarkable, c1
Rapids of the St. Lawrence. Verily
"shooting the rapids," as tie phrase
has it, is an exciting feat. The first
rapid we enter is known as the Lmg
Sault, so-called from its extent, it
being a continuous rapid of nine
miles. The passage here is very uar
row, and such is the velocity of the
carrent that a raft of timber will drift
niue miles in forty minutes. When
our boat entered the rushing current
the steam was shut off, and we were
carried downward by the force of the
stream. The surging waters present
all the angry appearance of the ocean
in a storm ; the noble boat strains and
labors, but, unlike the or"dsnaiy pitch?
ing and tossing at sea, this going
down hill by water produces a highly
novel sensation., and is, in fact, a ser?
vice of some danger, the imminence
of which is enhanced to the imagina?
tion by the tremendous roar of the
headlong, boiling current. ?ireat
nerve force and precis?t^i are here
required in piloting, so as to~1teep
the vessel's head straight with the
course of the rapid ; for if she diverge
ed in the least, presenting her side
to the current, she would be instant?
ly capsized and submerged. Hence'
the necessity for enormous power
over the rudder. While deceuding
the rapids, a "tiller," as they call it,
is attached to the ruddei so that the
tiller can be manned as well as the
wheel. Some idea may be entertain?
ed of the tbrce necessary io keep the
vessel steady while decending a rap?
id, when it is known that il requires:
four meu at the wheel and two at the
tiller to insure safe steering-.
Further dknvn we came to the Cedar
Rapids, the passage of which wasr
very exciting. There is a peculiar
motion of thc vessel, which iii
descending seems like settling down,;
as she glides from one ledge t*x
another. The rocks jutting out make
one hold his breath until they are
passed, ior at times you seem to bc
running directly _upon them. But
the Lachiue rapids, niue miles
above Montreal, are the worst
of all, and this deponent is ready to
testify that he was glad when they
were passed. Imagine a bug put
into a tumbler of water and sh??fceir
around violently, and then sudden!y\
poured out and you'll get a fair idea
of how you are treated by the
After passing the Lachine Rapids,
wc steamed out upon what seemed
to be a beautiful and placid lake. On
our left we saw Mount Royal, with
Montreal at its base. Right ahead of
us was the great Victoria Bridge, and
now as we'glide under this magnifi?
cent structure, we will let the curtain
drop for another scene.
The death of Justice Nathan Clif?
ford, of the United States Supreme"
Court, has been anticipated for some
time. Ile was, at the time of his
death, the senior member of the court,
and the only^ Democrat left upon the* ~
Supreme Bench. For some time past
Judge Clifford has been suffering
from an infirmity of the mind, which
redered him unfit fur judical duty,
and he has been practically retired,
although technically" aa active mem?
ber of the court. He was a profound
lawyer, and a scholar of no inconside?
rable attainments, of whom tire pres?
ent generation has known little, be?
cause he was of another age. At one
time he occupied a commanding
position in politics, and was Attorney
General of the United States under
Prosid.-nt Polk from 1846 to 1S4S:
President Buchanan tippointed him t<r
the Supreme C?-urt in 1858. II? iV
chiefly known in recent pubiic affairs
as the president of the famous Electo?
ral Commission, the partisan decision
of which gave Hayes his title to tho
office which he filled, birt to which'
he was never elected. As a member
of that tribunal Justice Clifford's
great legal knowledge and marked
fibility weie acknowledge by the
country/ and attracted a good deal of
public attention. He was undoubt?
edly a great jurist, and a public
nan of distinguished character and*
purity of life.
The New York Times pays the
following deserved tribute td the late
fudge Clifford "lu his capacity as
president of the commission he did
tn act of which even au honorable"
nan might- be proud. It will be"
cmcmbered that the papers i.eccssa
y to the validity of President Haves'
Itle, and which would have been val
lelesswithout Justice Clifford's sig
jaturo, were delayed in preparation
ilose up to the limit of noon on the
etli of March. It would have been
>erfectly easy for bim to have delay
id thc preparation of this long, impor
ant instrument, and, even after its
reparation, by insisting upon his
:lear right to a careful personal scru
iny of its contents, he might easily
lave defeated the inauguration of
Vir. Hayes. But, on the contrary,
ie vied in eagerness for the comple
ion of the document with those hav
ng it in charge, and promptly signed
t. To appreciate tiic act, it is nec?
essary to recall the bitter spirit of
he time, and bear in mind that Mr.
jlifibrd was a firm believer in the
egal and mural validity of Mr. Til
leu's claim to the Presidency. How
lard this act of duty must have been
or him may be judged from the fact
hat he never went to the While
louse during President Hayes' ad
This notice is found posted up in *
Virginia blacksmith shop :
? ? -Solis-De copardnership heretofore'
esisting betwixt me and Mose Skinner
s hereby resolved. Dem what owe c'tf
irm will settle wid me, and dem what
le firm owe will settle wid Mose."