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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, August 16, 1881, Image 1

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CE SUMTEIC WATCHMAN, Established April, IS50.
'Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at. be thy Country's, thy God's, and Truth's.
THE TKtT.E SOUTIIKOX, Established June, 1S66.
Consolidated Aug. 2, ISSI.]
SUMTER, S. C., TUESDAY, AUGUST 16, 1881.
Sew Series-Vol. I. No. 3.
iCp?i^uOT at? ?0U%?H
Publis&ed e*ery Tuesday,
-BY THE
fe?te?wiare and Soitthron Publishing
H Company^
W?. - SUMTER, S. C.
TERMS :
Two Dollars per annum-in advance.
' ADVERTISEMENTS.
t)ne Square, first insertion.$1 Od
Every subsequent insertion. 50
Contracts for three months, or longer will
be made ai reduced rates.
All communications which subserve private
interests will be charged for as advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of respect will be
charged for.
Marriage notices and notices of deaths pub?
lished free. =?
For job work or contracts for advertising
address Watchman and Sovthro-n, or apply at
the Office, to N. G. OSTEEN,
Business Manager.
WILMINGTON, COLUMBIA AND
AUGUSTA E. R.
ON and after May loth, ISSI, the following
schedule will be rua on this Road :
NIGHT EXPRESS AND MAIL TRAIN. (Daily )
(Nos. 47 West and 4S East.)
Leave Wilmington.10 05 p m
Arrive at Florence. 2 25 a m
Leave Florence. . .. 240 a m
Leave Sumter.-.~~ 4 OS a m
Arrive at Columbia. 6 OU a m
Leave Columbia. .10 00 p m
Leave Sumter._.12 OS a m
Arrive at Florence....... ~. 1 40 a- m
Leave Florence......... 2 00 a m
Arrive at Wilmington. 6 20 i m
This Train stops only at Brinkley's. White
ville, Flemington. Fair Bluff, Marion. Fh-renoe,
Titnccoosville, Mayesville, Sumter, Cadden
Junction and Eastover.
TBR0C6H FREIGHT TRAIN.
Daily, except Sundays.
ave Florence._-12 25 a m
en ve Sumter. 3 Ki a ui
rrive at Columbia. ......... 6 25 a ra
Leave Columbia....- 5 00 p tu
Leave Sumter. - - S 20 p tn
Arrive at Florence .H 10 p m
LOCAL FREIGHT- (Daily except Sunday.)
Leave Florence. -. 3 50" p m
Arrive at Sumter - Lie over. 7 50 p va
Leave Sumter.. 7 30 a m
Arrive at Columbia.U 00 a ia
Leave Columbia. -..... 3 15 a tu
vc at Sumter-L?e over. S 00 p ui
ve Sumter. ri 00 a m
e at florence. 12 00 in
A. POPE. G. P. A.
JOHN F. DIVISE. Genera! Sup>fc_
South Carolina Railroad.
CHANGE OF SCHEDULE.
ON AND AFTER. MAY 15tb. ISSI.
Passenger* Trat ns on dunlea Branch will
ron n's follows, until further notice:
EAST TO COLUMBIA-DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAYS.
Leave Camden . 6 15 a. m
J?enve Camden Junction. 7 20 a ta
Arrive a: Columbia.10 35 a m
WEST FR?.M COLUMBIA- DAS LY EXCEPT SUNDAYS.
Leave Columbia. 6 3D a m... 6 00 p tn
Arrive C?UJ?MIJunction, 10 52 a tu... 7 40 p io
Arrive at Camden. 12 49 p m... S 45 p tn
EAST TO CHARLESTON AND AUGUSTA.
(Daily except Sundays.)
Leave Camden. 6 15 a m... 3 ?0 p m
Leave Camden June"... 7 20 a rn... 5 37 p rn
Arrive at Charleston... I 5i> pm... 10 45 p m
Arrive at Augusta. 3 20 p ni... 7 25 am
WEST KR"M CHARLESTON AND ATCUSTA.
(Daily except Sundays )
Leave Charleston. 0 00 a rn... 9 05 a m
Leave Augusta. 7 00 p nv... 7 55 a tn
Arrive Camden Jone'... 10 52 a ra... 7 40 p rn
Arrive at Camden. 12 49 p m... S 45 p m
CONNECTIONS.
Columbia and Greenville Railro.nl b'>ih ways
for all points on tbat Boa?! and on the Spar
tanburg. Union and Columbia and Spur tat? mfg
and Ashville Railroads, also with the Char?
lotte, Columbia and Augusta Railroad to and
from all points North by trains leaving Camden
at 6 !5 a tn. and arriving at S 45 p tn.
Connections made at Aogus'a tn all points
""Yest and South : also at Charleston with
Steamers for New York and Florida-ou Wed?
nesdays and Saturdays
On Saturdays ROUND TRIP TICKETS arc
poid to and from all Stations at one first class
fare for tlie round trip-tickets being good rill
Monday i:or?n. to return- Excursion tickets
good for 10 days are regularly on sale to anil
froiu all statiens at 0 cents per mite f r round
trip.
TIIROI'GII TICKETS to all points, ran be
purchased bv applying to James Jone-. Agent
ac Camden. * D. C. ALLEN,
General Passenger and Ticke: Agent.
JOHN Ii. PECK, General Sup't,
* Cha ri !.->t on. O .
Columbia and Greenville Bail Hoad, j
PA SS EN G ER DKP A lt T M E N T.
COLUMBIA. S. C.. August 3 ISSI
ON* AND A FT li R THURSDAY AUGUST
4th. ISSI. Passenger Trains will run as ,
herewith indicated, upon this road and its [
branches-Daily except Sundays :
No. 42 Up Passenger.
Leave Columbia (A). ll 00 a ra !
Leave Alston. _.12 OS p m !
Leave Newberry. I OG p ta i
Leave Hodges.. 3 43 p m
Lia ve Belton . .4 57 p m I
Arrive ac Greenville....... ? 19 p tn .
No. 43 Down Passenger.
Leave Greenville at.10 33 a tn ?
Leave Belton.II 57 a m :
Leave Hodges. 1 12 p m !
Leave Newberry. . 3 47 p m
Leave Alston. 4 46 p ic
Arrive at Columbia (F). 5 50 p oa
SPARTANBURG, UMON & COLUMBIA ll. lt.
No. 42 Up Passenger.
Leave Alston. 12 23 p tn
Leave Spartanburg. S U & 0 Depot (Ii) 4 03 p tu j
Arrive Spartanburg R ? D Depot (E) 4 12 p tn '
No. 43 Down Passenger.
Leave Spartanburg RAD Depot ( II) 12 4S p rn i
Leave Spartanburg S U & C Depot (G ) I 05 p m ;
Leave Union. 2 p tu
Arrive at Alston. 4 p m
LAURENS RAIL ROAP.
Leave Newberry. 3 55 p m
Arrive at Laurens C ll. 6 45 p tn
Leave Laurens C. II. S 30 a tn
Arrive at Newberry.Il 30 a m
ABBEVILLE BRANCH.
Leave Hodges. 3 ?7 p m
Arrive at Abbeville. 4 37 p m .
.Leave Abbeville.12 Io p va ;
Arrive at Hodges. I 05 p m
BUJE RIDGE R. R. & ANDERSON BRANCH.
Leave Belton....... 5 00 p m J
Leave Anderson. . ,- , .... 5 34 p m ;
Leave Pendleton. 6 15 p m j
Leave Scnaca ,'C). 7 20 p m j
Aw We n't Walhalla. 7 45 p.in
Leave Walhalla. 9 2:i a m
Leave Seneca (D). '.J 54 a va
Leave Pendleton. lo 30 a m j
Leave Anderson.;..ll 12 a m
Arrive at Belton.ll 40 a m
On and after above date through c ir.-- w;|] be
run between Columbia and Henders'--nville with?
out change.
CONNECTIONS.
A-With South Carolina Rail Hoad from !
Charleston; with Wilmington Columbia <fc Au
gusta R R from Wilmington and all points n<;rth
thereof; with Charlotte. Columbia <fc Augusta
Rail Road from Charlotte and points north j
thereof.
B-With Asheville & Spartanburg Rail Road \
for point? in Western N. C.
C-With A. & C. Div. R & h. R. Ri for all j
points Soutb and West.
D-With A, & C. Div. It & D. R. R- from At I
lanta and beyond. j
E-With A & C. Div. R. <? D- R. K for a'.l j
points South and West.
F-With South Carolina Rait R^nd for Char j
lesion ; with Wilmington, Columbia & Augusta
Rail Read for Wilmington and the North ; fi h :
Charlotte. Columbia <fe Augusta Rai" Road for \
Charlotte and the North.
G-With Asheville & Spartanburg Rail "."toad j
from Henderson vi! Ie.
H-With A. & C. Div. R. & D- R R. from
Charlotte & beyond.
Standard time used is Washington. D. C.
which is ?fteen minutes fasrer than Co i un? ola.
J. xv. FRY, Sup't.
A. POPE. General Passenger Agent.
August *J, ISSI. ff.
THE BUMING TUNNEL
I "Well, yes, sir, I have bad
j rather exciting adventures sir
; became an engineer ; but the
i that my hair stood thc straigl
f and nw heart beat the fastest,
j when 1 was firing an engine in
j of taking charge of one ; and, as
: as we reoch the long up grade, ]
! tell you about it if you cate to ht
! So said the tali, well-shaped, 1
! eyed young fellow who was con
; ing, with such a cool, nonchalan
j the great iron Cyclops that was
i tog us so swiftly over its seem i
! endless pathway of gleaming ste
; Of course I was all anxiety,
j when the up-grade was reache<
j engineer began, his eyes mean
j being faithfully kept ahead :
j "It was nearly six years ago, I
j stands out before me as plainly ;
i it happened yesterday. I was a
j man on the No. 5. of the W-'.
; road, as smooth a road as ever
j built, and just as straight as a
: sir, except at one point. Thei
! curved sharply, and just beyond
; a tunnel, about a hundred yard
j length.
? "This tunnel was very heavily
! bored--in fact, the inside was a c
! network of immense great joi
j and, at the time of its completion,
. contractor had boasted that it wc
i last until the Judgment Day.
j 'Harry Burton, the engineer on
j No. 5, was called a handsome fell
j and at times, especially when he
j thinking or talking about Vii
! Clyde, and his great black eyes wc
I soften and shine, and in's dark ?
j would flush and dimple just lik
\ woman's,- sir, he then would rei
! deserve the compliment,
j "But there were other times tl
i when he had been vexed or eros
! in any way, a hard, ugly look wo
creep into his eyes, and his lips wo
I shut together, in a tight, cruel li
: and he would look as ill-favored a:
I jail-bird, and cause me to think p
'fully of Vinnie Clyde's future if ?
intrusted it in his care.
"Little Vinnie Ciyde was the pi
liest girl I ever saw. Just as h{
as a bit of thistle-down, with da
blue eyes and a mass of soft, crink
yellow hair, that made a golden fra
for a face as so fl, and smooth, a
pink as ar- apple blossom ; and s
had such a pretty way of acting, sn
a sunny di.-position, that one could
help loving her.
"Theie is no doubt but that Burl
fairly worshiped her : but he w
I quick-tempered and jvalous, and ov
bearing by nature, and assumed t
I air of lord and master so often that
; think the little girl got tired of 1
i harshness.
"But, anyhow, he flung hims
aboard one morning in such a mi
uer as -rave me lo understand th
something unusual had happened
I and that day he was so savage that
I last ? got out of patience, and to
; him pretty sharply that if he cxpe<
; ed 1 was going to put up with li
growling any longer he was might!
mistaken, for I would not do it.
"Ile looked at me as if ho w
. somewhat surprised, and then sai
j preti}' low :
? " 'I suppose ? have been pref
i bearish, Ned : but I couldn't help i
i as no man could, who had seen ;
tiie joy and hope of his life stoic
; from him. The whole world seen
! black to me.'
"And Iiis head sunk on his breas
: as a deep groan escaped his lips,
saw at once that he was wretchc
! about something, and, of course
changed my anger to sympathy, an
i 1 asked him as soothingly as 1 coul
what tho trouble was.
"Well, you must know, Ned," li
buist out, as if lie could bear it n
longer, "I went up to C?3'de's las
night, and I found a white-facet
white-handed fellow there, whom Nc
lie introduced to me as Kaymon
Melton 1 hated him the moment
saw him,and I had a frantic desire t
throttle him even* moment of Ins call
"When he was gone, I turned to Vii
nie. and I suppose 1 fairly raved ; bu
before 1 had finished, Vinnie stood U]
with her eyes blazing, and handing
me my ring, swept from the roon
without a word. Of course I knev
what it meant-simply that RayrnotH
Melton had stolen her from nie, will
his soft ways and oil}' tongue ; and '.
want you to understand, Ned Lyons
tiiat a man that runs me off the traci
lias heavy damages to pay," and hi.<
face was frightful to Sec ; but he sait
nothing more about his trouble oi
anything else that day.
"Well, sir, in the days and weeks
that followed, 1 had anything but ar
agreeable companion. Burton was
either so sullen and gloomy that lie
didn't have a civil word for any one.
or else he was raving mad with jeal?
ousy and hate:
"1 talked with him, and tried to
reason him into a better frame ol
mind, hut it was no use. ile grew
worse and worse, and fl nail}* took to
drinking, and when under the influ?
ence of liquor, Harry Burton was ab?
solutely ferocious.
"Of course, will: such habits, Bur?
ton ?. uld not rightly perform Iiis du?
ties, and as soon as his untrustworthi?
ness was known at headquarters lie
received a prompt dismissal ; and in
a month from the time that Vinnie re?
turned his ring, Kay Melton t;ok his
place as engineer on the No. 5.
"Burton had deeply prejudiced me
against his riva!, but in a week Bay
Melton and 1 were sworn friends.
Ile was not as good-looking as Bur?
ton, but one look into his clear, hon?
est eyes would tell you that he was
true and manly to the core.
"Ile was personall}* very neal;
but ono morning, in particular, I
joked him considerably about his pur?
ple and fine linen.
"Tho fact is, old boy," he said,
with that happy laugh of his, "there
is to be a grand excursion to-day, and
when we get to Denton wc may have
to take a passenger in the cab, the j
cars will be so crowded."
"I undo:stood in a moment who he j
referred to, and therefore was not !
surprise?! when, ?I?? wo stepped at ?
Denton, he assisted Vinnie Clyde into ;
thc cab.
"She was looking her very s'
est that day-as the girls say;
was 'perfectly lovely,' from her %
hat to her little walking-shoes
no wonder that Melton had hard '
to keep his eyes in the right direc
But he was faithful : for there
twenty cars behind, overcrow
with excursionists, whose safety
pended on his watchfulness.
I "Vinnie was just as gay as a bi
I full of laughter and merry cha
! that was so droll it amused Mi
j and myself extremely, and made
! time pass away so pleasantly and
j that before J knew wc had rea*,
thc curve.
"Just as wc were rounding it
I nie came quickly over to the win
j by which I was sitting, and cia?
her hands at the pretty view.
"Is it not lovely ?" she said.
I "And I was about to answer, w
the engine gave a sudden plunge
ward. I looked at Melton in surpi
for we had been going fast enoi
and I thought it reckless and dan,
ous to put on a full head of slearr
that way ; but the sight of his J
stopped thc question that tremt
on my lips. It was just as gray
set as if cut out of granite, and
eyes had a strange, desperate lool
them, as that of a man who is fae
death, and has made up his mind
grapple with him.
"1 glanced ahead, and I sax
sight, M'I\ that drove all reason ft
my mind and filled it with a w
bl id terror.
"That long tunnel was a mass
flame. The strong eui rent of air t
was drawing through it would pi
out great volumes of fiame-fleel
smoke, and give gl im ses of red-;
tongues of fire that lapped eagerly
every direction : and thc train v
plunging toward it with thc speed
a race-horse, as if eager to inn tl
hideous gantlet of death.
"Are you mad, mau ?" I scream
to Melton. 'Whistle for down brake
"And I attempted to catch t
cord but he pushed rne back.
" 'Would you stop thc train in t
midst ofthat tunnel V he said, fierce
"And then he flung a rubber c<
over Vinnie, who had crouched in
little white heap on the floor of t
cab. Another instant and wo h
entered thc burning tunnel. Melt
said that we were but seven sccon
going through it ; but it seemed
me as if 1 heard the roaring of t
(ire, and felt its heat and suffered t
horror of it. for half an hour
"But at hist the cool, sweet a
untainted by smoke or the hot brea
of the fire, fanned my face and I ope
ed my eyes with a feeling of than
fulness, as I knew that the burnii
tunnel was behind ns and wc wc
unharmed. I tried to thank Meltc
-rather brokenly, I confess-but 1
was so busy in kissing the color ba<
to Vinnie's lips that he gave me n
a whit of attention.
"Thc traiu slowed- stopp?d ; tl
passengers, full of excitement, can
crowding out and massed about i
as we stepped from the engine. M<
ton was obliged to tell his stoiy ov.
and over again, but he did it so mo<
estly that I felt called on to add
word.
"And such a time as they all hi
over him ! Such a flood of comp!
men ls and thanks, and hand shaking
would have wilted most any one.
"Just then the conductor can
along, winked at Kay, and sung on
'All aboard !' giving him a chance t
escape.
"Wc had a very pleasant tim
when the excursion party stopped ;
the Wyatt Grove. Ray was the hot
of the hour, and all the ladies envic
Vinnie, who couldn't help showin
how proud she was of him.
"In a short lime they -vere rnarricc
and as Vinnie persuaded Ray t
break off railroading, he took he
and his 'testimonial' to California.
"Last year 1 went to sec then
and found him a successful farmei
with one of the finest ranches in th
Golden State, and extremely pron
of his pretty wife and two loveb
children.-Xaturd nj Night.
- - -, ? - -
A Pension.
A few weeks ago, says the Wash
ington Republican, a prominent attoi
ney of Washington received from ;
lady coi respondent a letter of whicl
the following is a copy, name aw
address only being omitted :
I)EAU SIR : I am widowed, causee
by the late war of the United States
and I am in great want of a pension
Should like to employ your services
Please send mc a list of questions
Address-.
In compliance with thc request s
question-sheet to be filled out by thc
applicant, was sent, and before t
great while, instead of the list o?
questions, the following reply, traced
in a fine feminine hand, was re?
ceived :
Although I cannot give my "hus?
band's" name or describe him r i
insist that he was killed in the army
else where is he, and why so long
gone ? For surely, of all the "brave
boys'' who left home and friends to
fight j'or "our country" one must
have been "my husband." and, for
the sake of that unnamed, unknown
grave where "my dear brave boy,"
is silently sleeping his last long
sleep, I Lave never married. I think
1 have told you all you will care to
know, as you arc only interested in
pensions, and I am not a pensioner.
I have said many times that rny hus?
band died in the army, never think?
ing I should be called upon to
account for it. But you won't forgot
the poor little unknown "widow,"
will you ? Yours, most sin corly,-.
President Garfield and Judge Jere
Black have recently become the own?
ers of a large farm in Alexandria
County, Va., lying within view of the
White House. They acquired a
small portion of the tract partly by
purchase and partly as a fee for ser?
vices. The whole tract was mort?
gaged, and in order to save their
part they instructed an agent to buy
the whole of it when the foreclosure
sale occured. While thc President i
has been lying ill thc sale has been i
made and ins farm secured.
Bill Arp to Comnicssioner Hend
CARTERVILLE, July 1.-A eec
to your request 1 send you aqu;
Dallas wheat. I send also some
straw from the sheaf, so that yoi
note the three distinct varieties
'make up thc Dallas combin
The dominant kind has a long?
ing head ; then there is the 1
bearded head, and the other I a
swell-head, as it is larger at tin
than elsewhere and seems all in a
This provokes an inquiry-vvoul
i thc mixing of other distinct var;
be a protection against rust 1
This wheat was sent me by N;
Crawford, of Lincoln. It was
early in November, on g-rey all
soil which was badly washed
floods and heavy rains this sp
The land was well turned last
tember, then harrowed and r
down smooth. The hard winter
heavy rains operated to its inju
nevertheless we have made abou!
teen bushels to the acre and the <
I is good quality. Its mot vail
j characteristic is its freedom from
and this was well tested for I sc
j contiguous to it ten bushels of \
j tucky amber selected for seed,
j had the rust bad but il never ero
the line though there was no f<
between and not more than six i
es of space.
Tiie coming fall we shall ex]
ment somewhat by fertilizing he
ly with a compost and see if we
not double the yield. I believe
can as easily make 30 bushels to
acre on our lands as they can ;
where, and make the crop a certa:
every year. My farmer boy is of
inquiring turn t f mind, and has dc
mined to sow an acre in August
shear it down close with the mo
as soon as it will bear it. Ile i
poses, also, to sow an acre next F
mary and fertilize with a stimulai
phosphate and see thc result of spr
sowing. He is induced to do 1
because we find that there was a
tie wheat loft in the grain drill, ;
seed oats were put on top of it i
sowed on thc 22 of last Fcbrna
Of course the wheat came out iii
and has developed and matured ?
made a good result.
It is a scandal to Georgia that
average production of wheat is 1
than five bushels to thc acre, and
opinion is this is owing not to soil
climate, but mainly to ignorance ii
indolence. If the farmers would
vote as much caro and good work
wheat as they do to thc culture
cotton, I believe that every five ac
of good land would yield a liundi
bushels. This would leave a i
profit of say fifi cen dollars per a<
with very little wear and tear on m
or beast.
I also send you some specimens
timothy, thc heads measuring fr<
six to nine inches, and some wild r
which borders our creek and ditch
every spring. Theil there is a cn
ous knock kneed kind of grain xviii
was found, growing with the whci
and seems to be a.cross betwe
wheat, and cheat. Thc grain is smr
er than wheat, and thc heads a
nearly a foot in length. What is i
I hope you or Mr N ewman can ihre
some light upon it.
I am drifting my farm as fast
possible into Hie production of gra
and grass. It has taken but a bri
experience to prove that one acre
clover or timothy is more profitai
than two in cotton While I lu
tenants it was impossible to chan?
much from from the old cotton ai
corn schedule. When 1 wanted
sow grass or even wheat and oats
couldn't get possession of my lai
for the tenant had it. Of course tl
j tenant had no prospective interests
ni3? ha}' or wheat for his lease was fi
a year and he didn't know whetlx
lie would stay any longer or not an
I was afraid to risk him in ad vane
for a longer lime Nevertheless
did manage to get in about ten acre
in clover and timothy, and now m
barn is full of new mown hay and th
S ten acres is more profitable to m
? than any 20 upon the place. On
? acre in clover will bring $50 Wurth c
j hay. . An acre of cotton will mak
? about the same amount, but the prof]
1 on the hay is $40 an*d the profit o
the cotton is S10- With thc aid of
mower and rake a farmer can busbar
ten acres of hay in a week but i
takes one man 13 months in a year ti
get entirely through ten acres of cot
ton. A last year's tenant of mini
moved away about Christmas and lu
came .back off and on until the middh
of February to finish the picking,
had a tenant three }Tears ago who pu
in more than he could tend, and bac
to pay a dollar a day for colton chop
pers and 75 cents a hundred for pick
ing and he sold thc cotton at 8 conti
which made a bale bring about 4f
dol?ais, and ho paid mo 13 dollars foi
rent, and paid ti dollars for guano,
and .2 dollars for picking, and 2 dol?
lars .jr choping out and extra work,
and something for ginning which left
him about 8 dollars for preparing thc
land and planting and plowing, and
hauling to the gin, and hauling to
town, and fooling round generally,
and thc cons?quence was he had to
do a little stealing to keep even.
What else could thc poor fellow
do ?
Nevertheless if these people aro
determined to run cotton and western
corn and meal and hay, and perish to
death, in tho name of the Lord I can't
help it, for it may bc that its thc best
way after all to furnish thc millions of
poor people all over the world with
cheap clothing, for thc more cotton
we make thc lower the price, and it's
an evidence of broad humanity for our
farmers to take that self-sacrificing
view of it. lt beats the missionary
society all boll .nv. The only objec
: tioTi to this is that thc speculators-get
hold of it before thc heathen do.
Then again it may be that our farm?
ers want to be kept poor to get the
benefit ol' sciiptural promises and im?
prove their chances for heaven, j
They are a church-going people, and j
when the old preacher tells 'cm that j
it is haider foi a rich mau to get to j
heaven than for a camel togo Iii rough i
a noodle's eye, it. scares 'em mighty
nigh lo death, and they go right
I straight to planting more cotton so as
i to be sure of poverty.
But I talked to a renter to-day-a
! good, clever, industrious man, and he
I said making cotton was keeping his
nose to the grindstone, but he had to
do it for his landlord required it and
j so did all the landlords around here.
; Twenty acres in corn and ten in cot
j ton was the general rule. Thc land?
lord got about eight dollars an acre
rent for his cotton land, and about
six for corn land, and of course he
gave cotton the preference.^ Thc
trouble np hcic is in getting labor
that will work for wages. They won't
do it if they, can help it. They want
to feel free and I don't blame 'em.
Every poor man, while or black,
wants to run a little farm on his own
account, and in his own way, and go
a fishing sometimes or take his wife
to meeting on Saturday if she wants
to go, and of course she does. Iron
furnaces and manganese mines and
railroads take off all thc floating un?
settled labor, and thc rest won't hire
as long as they can rent, and so the
cotton business goes on .and will be
kept going on until the landlord can
hire hands at a fair price, and run
his farm himself, and then he will
quit cotton and lake to grass and
grain. I recon he will. It took me
three years to shake off the thing and
quit being a fool, and maybe it will
take them as long or longer.
. The above contaius some of my
views on the situation, which I veu
ture to send you because you take
such an interest in us farmers. I
have a few views left, but will not
impose on you further at these pre?
sents. Yours,
BILL A RP.
G?ITEA?.
-0
Contents oj flh Petition tobe Admit?
ted to Bail.
WASHINGTON, August 5.-Guiteau
has confided to District Attorney Cork
hill a petition to the court to be admit?
ted to bail. It is a curios document.
Tlc espressos great sorrow that the
President lias suffered so much and so
long from the wound he inflicted. He
did not intend to cause him pain, but
to remove him from thc world instantly
and he seems to ask a favorable consid?
eration from thc Judges of thc Supreme
Court of thc District of Columbia, be?
cause he feels as much sympathy as any
one for thc suffering President. Ile
asks his release because he fears that con?
finement will make him insane. He re?
pels with scoru the idea that he is now
insane, or that he was insane when he
conceived or committed thc crime. Ile
-insists strongly that he is now sane,
but he says that he feels "thc nimbus
of insanity piayiog around bis brain."
ile then goes on to recite some facts to
indicate that there is insanity in his
father's family. Ile says himself that
his father was a religious mouoinaoiac,
and that relatives on his father's side
have been, and one is perhaps still,
confined in an asylum for the insane.
Ile repeats again and again that he
fears that the unaccustomed confinement
will result in driving him mad, and he
urges his release on that ground if no
other, although he thinks that, under
thc circumstances, thc President's re?
covery being now regarded as certain,
justice demands that he should be ad?
mitted to bail, lie offers a bond of
?1,500. although he says that his own
recognizance would be as good, as he
wants to be tried, and would present
himself in court on the day nppoioted as
certainly as the day will come, which
he suggests shall bc February 1. 1882
Ile announces that he proposes to
make his own defense, with competent j
legal assistance. It may bc mentioned I
in this connection, that Guiteau is very
desirous that first-class legal talent
should assist him. Ile says he wants
none of thc riff-raff of the bar, and he
has more than once suggested that
Emory Storrs shall bc his lawyer.
Guiteau wants his temporary release,
not only that he may escape impending j
insanity, but. that he may take a trip to
Europe, where he wishes to remain a
month or two.
Arab Humor
A story is told of El Mehdi, that be?
ing out hunting one day he came upon
the but of an Arab who set some sim?
ple fare before bim, but supplemented
it with a bottle of wine. The Caliph
drank a glass and said: *0 brother of
the Arabs! do you know who I am?'
.No, by Allah !' was the reply.
'I am one of the personal atten?
dants of the Commander of thc Faith?
ful.'
'I congratulate you on your post,
said thc other.
Tossing off another glass El Mehdi
repeated the question, and the Arab re*
minded him that bc had just told him
that he was one of thc Caliph's suit.
'Nay,' said El Mehdi, "but I am one
of his principal officers.'
'I wish you joy,' said thc Arab.
After a third glass, the Caliph again
began:
O brother of the Arabs ! do you know
who I am?'
'You say you arc ono of thc Cot:. ]
mander of thc Faithful's chief officers
answered the Arab.
'Not so,' said El Mehdi; *I am the
Commander of the Faithful myself!'
Thc Arab on hearing this, quietly
took the bottle of wine from thc table,
and put it away with thc sententious re?
mark:
'If you were to take another glass
you would declare that you were thc
Prophet himself.
---w? - i
Thc Williamsburg Herald has lost
some subscribers because it favors
thc stock or no-fence law Thc Ab?
beville iV<??? and Humer, comment?
ing on tiie fact, advises thc Herald to
stick to its position and not to be '
bull dozed into silence, and remarks :
"We used to have 'touchy' subscrib?
ers who would threaten to quit the
paper if we said our head was our
own. Such peuple have learned long j
since that they form a most insigniii- j
cant part of the subscribers of a news- ;
paper and lliey have quit ns long ago, 1
and their presence is not needed, or !
they have abandoned the idea of try- j
ing to control thc paper.
His Honor and Bijah.
"Ifc was au awful hot night to get
drunk," observed the court as Oscar
Whitney stood before him.
"Y?c-s, purty hot.7''
"Why didn't you put it off until a
cooler occasion ?"
"I couldn't tell what a day might
bring forth, your Honor.''
Do yon know how and where they
found you ?"
**No. sir."
"Well, you had your clothes off
and was trying to lake a swim in one
of the park fountains. Yours is a
serious case, sir."
"I must have acted like a loni, and
I'm willing to take thc couseouences.
Make it about thirty days."
"Very \vel!.r
"And give me thc trout ocal in
thc Black Maria ?"
"Certainly."
"And let my case bc a sad warn?
ing" to ail persons who don't know
anv bettor than to gel. drunk when
the thermometer shows SOO in the
shade. Farewell, farewell !"
EXCCSE THESE TEA Ki.
"Henry White, why do you weep?' j
was the query directed ata tall, wasp- i
waisted young man who held a hand j
kerchief to his eyes as he came out. ?
"I'm sorry I got into such a scrape!' j
sobbed Henry.
"We are all sorry after it is too j
late. You are an agriculturist ?"
'.Yes. sir."
"Only twenty-four hours ago you
left your quiet home amidst the dai?
sies. You were coming to lue citv
to sell some clover honey, and your i
aged father placed his hand on youri
head and warned you to beware ol'!
the frothy lager."
"He did-he did! Oh. sir. I sup?
pose I am the biggist fool in Ameri?
ca r
"Perhaps you are. After you had
sold your honey for cash you said to
yourself that a schooner of beer
would brace you up for thc trip
homewards. In an hour you were
drunk and had lost all your money."
"Y-y-yes, sir !"
"And now what ?"
"I'll be gosh-darncd if I know?"
wailed the prisoner.
"Being this is your first appearance
here J suppose I could suspend sen?
tence and let you go." ,
"1 s'posc you could."
-"Will you lee this bc a solemn
warning to yon ?"
"1 hope to die if I don't !"
" Well, 3'ou may walk softly out,
butin the future beware. (Jive schoon?
ers thc cold shake and look with dis?
trust upon the pony."
HE WAS SAD.
"Thomas Henderson, the charge
against you is drunkenness "
"Just so-ah ! eh ? All a mistake,"
replied Thomas.
"How did the officers come to make
such a mistake ?"
"Don't know, sir, unless it was thc
hot weather. I was never more as?
tonished in my life than when he gave
me the collar."
I . "Let's look into the case a little.
, You had climbed into one of tho ma?
ples in thc Grand Circus Park ?"
? "Yes, sir; I wanted to be by my
j self. There are 'times when I am
, sad, and then 1 want to be alone "
! "Any particular reasons for this
sadness ?"
"Well, I'm an or;-han, your Honor.
My fathei fell from a balloon and my
mother was kicked to death by a
horse "
"And what sort of liquid distur?
bance lind you been partaking of last
night ?"
"Judge, do I look like a drinking
man ?"
"Yon do. And you wen?'so drunk
last night that you had to be brought
down here in a cart. How is that
for sadness ?"
"Judge, do you suppose I'd He
about such a little thing as that?
How did I know it was against the
law to climb a tree in lue city ?
Seems to me you aie very particular
about such things, and 1 giu-ss I'll
start for home this morning. If anv
one will lend me fifty cents to help
me along I'll send it righi back as
soon as I get to South Bend."
"I've got a nice, warm place for
j you for the next sixty days," quietly
observed the court,
j "But I don't want it. 1 don't like
Detroit, and I want to get away.
Say, Judge, go light on me. 1 may
be a Judge myself sumo day."
"Can't look"as far abo td us that.
Bijah will now take }*"u in."
' Fd rather he'd take me out. Say,
Judge ?"
"Can't say-call the next case."
FOUND IX THE OAUK.
"Is your name John Taylor ?
"She arc."
"And you sail ?"
"Yes. sir.'5
"Well, von have sailed in the
wrong channel, John. You were
very drunk."
"I don't see how that was. sir.
I came ashore from the schooner last
n i ?ut to buv some tobacco. I bought i
two plugs and started back, but it j
was so dark 1 lost my way "
"And went to sleep in an alley?- j
"I guess it was au alley."
"And it took four men and a shut?
ter to bring ye#in here. You sleep
like a brick."
"Yes, I sleep purty sound."
"Well, John, I shall send you aloft
for thirty days."
"Don't, sir. I ll own up that I
was dru irk."
"Oh, you were? And you're not
more than half over it yet?"
"I can get aboard, sir. and it's (he j
last time you'll ever see me here." j
"Well, you may go, but. don't hiing ?
up in this slip again."
"Well, square your yards and off
with you, and keep her steady as she
goes. Any more cases, Bijah ?"
"Nary one."
"Then sound tho triangle and we I
will hie to other fields. Jouit is ad-j
jo?.rued, and those boys crowded in i
back of the stove are warned that I've \
got my eye otv 'em and and will read ;
them a lesson some of these tine j
morn i ogs." i
The President.
UNTER. THE KNIFE AGAIN.
j We publish below an account of
recent opening of the President's ?
on the 8th, to allow thc puss to esc
There is some reason to believe
thc physicians were getting alarme
his condition, though they did nc
express themselves:
Thc necessity for thc opcrn
which was performed upon the P
ident this morning became appa
to the surgeons yesterday w
they found that a drainage t
of thc size hitherto used could no ior
bc passed along the track ol thc ball
t ween the ribs. Thu process of gra
la lion at that point, had gone on so
as to partially ci?se the orifice ?md
ribs prevented pushing aside the fi'
which was healing between th<
enough to bc introduced. * Tho rr:
of this state of things was that
formed iu the deeper par? of thc wot
rather faster than it could escape to roi
the half obstructed opening between
ribs, and its gradual accumulation
jian to cause disturbance. lt <
therefore decided to make a new <>p
in?? into the track of thc hall below
last rib, so that the ribs should no loi
cr prevent, thc keeping open thc noi
by thc solid backing which thev afFo
ed to thc granulating flesh bctw<
them.
The operation was performed at
request, of thc other surgeons by 1
Agnew. As soon as the patient, had bf
put. under thc in?uence ol'ether, a lo
and slightly curved instrument was
troduecd info the wound, pushed 1
tween the ribs and carried downw*
along the. track of thc bullet until
end could be felt below thc last
from thc outside. Holding this insti
mcnt as a guide Dr. Agnew then ma
a counter incision below thc twelfth r
cutting directly through thc intcgumc
until his knife met the end of the ii
mentioned instrument?t thc point win
he wished to iuterscct thc track of t
ball.
Thc operation was not difficult
dangerous, and the patient bore both
"and thc etherization extremely wc
There is now an opening to the deep
parts of the wound which does not p;i
between thc ribs, and which can airca
bc kept free and unobstructed, and
further trouble from accumulation
pus is anticipated.
Since the operation the President h
rested very quietly, and is now aslee
His pulse at this hour is 100. and !
has neither fever nor any other uni
vorable symptom.
EXECUTIVE MANSION, 7 P. M.-(C
ficial Bulletin.)-After thc last bullet
was issued the President suffered som
what for a time from nausea due to tl
ether, but this has now subsided, ar
he has had several refreshing naps, ar
his general condition is even betti
than might have been expected. Aft'
thc etherization and operation at noe
his pulse was 104, temperature 100 i
respiration 20. At present his pulse
108, temperature 101.9, respiration li
Under the circumstances the fever mu
be regarded as moderate.
The following is from a telegram t
the N. Y. Herald:
A careful examination of the wit!
drawn drainage tube before thc sui
gical operation to-dtiy showed that th
course of thc wound after passing b<
tween the eleventh and twelfth ribs wa
so directly downward that the tube wa
crooked and contracted and that hole
or inlets of the tube was clogged, an
that very little pus accumulated wiihi
the pipe. Win n thc pus cavity wa
tapped by the operation Dr. Agnew sai
that the uew channel was probably in
direct line with the course of thc ball
The experiments and the examination
sinee made now leave no room for duul
that the whole course of the wound i
downward, the abdominal end being a
least six inches lower than where th'
ball entered thc back. The opinion i
also held that it is circuitous as well a
downward. The hope and aim of tin
surgeons will be ta remove the ball a
the earliest moment the President's con?
dition will warrant the op?ration for tba
purpose being performed; so that then
may be no more pus cavities form?e
from any cause.
- - I Ml ? - -
A Huge Snake Story.
-0
Burt Brown, the amateur oarsman <
relates in the Geneva (N. Y.) Adver?
tiser that while practicing recently on
Cayuga lake, suddenly he seemed tc
have lost motion, and pullas hard as he
might his boat made DO headway. Fi?
nally he made a sudden herculean effort
which suapped his oar, and he was
helpless. Not 6ve minutes elapsed
when turning his eyes in the direction
of the bow he noticed what was appar
antiy three or four coil of heavy rope
wound around hts she'll. Ile worked as
best he could with his other car to get
it loose, when suddenly his boat began
to move and looking once more behind
him he discovered that his boat was
within thc coils of a monster serpent,
at l?*sst forty feet long, which swam
with head above water and moved off
with frightful velocity. Bight up thc
lake it towed him and across to the east
shore, to Union Springs, where it at
once unwound from the boat and
sank beneath the surface. It had tow?
ed him in safety about twelve miles, as
near as Burt can name it. in thirty-five
minutes.
A Fool.
A fool at Stculvmvillc Ohio, made a
waiier that he could crawl thron?rh a :
drain five hundred feet long. After
seeing him enter the spectators .
waited a couple of hours I;; see him :
come out. Then they commenced to j
dig for him. Alter digging np three j
hundred feet of the drain he was
found almost demi, lie should go to
Louisville and marry i he woman who
attempted to dress a chicken hy sat?
urating the feathers with kerosene
oil and setting them on lire.
There were ol deaths at Havana from
yellow fever during tho week ending
July :29th.
Another plot against the life of the
Czar of Kassia has hoon discovered and
many arrests haw been madv at St.
Pe tors burg.
NEWS ITEMS.
Kentucky, as usual, lias gone ove
whelmiogly Democratic.
Yellow fever has made its appcaran<
in New York.
The Legislature of Georgia has r<
fused to take into consideration til
question of Prohibition.
The government has fixed the valu
of coins wit!) holes in them. Dollar.?
05 cents: half dollars. 25 cents: ?par
ter?. 16* : dimes, 5 cents.
Keene's Forget-me-not was secom
tn thc Levant stakes. P. Lorilhrd"
Passaic was second in thc Drawing
room stakes.
Thc New York Herald says it. is no
i m probable that, in the near future tin
advice t?) thc thrifty an?] thc industriell:
wii! bc net "Go West." but "G.
South.*'
in a lecture at San Francisco ki*
week I.ienieoat Sehwatka. thc Areli?
explorer, slated that thc coldest weatba
ever experience?: by white men was JO':
degrees below thc freezing point, er TJ
degrees below zero.
Thc Wilmington Star says the entire
vole for prohibition in North Carolina
will not equal ?nc third of thc Pcui
Oeratic vote of thc Stale.
What is thc count rv coming to? A
colored man has applied at. thc Stalo
House for immigrants. He says thc
niggers ?n his f?rm are too cussed lazy
to make a living. - Columbia Register.
Tho Richmond State says thc new
iron and steel works now being erect
cd at Goshen, Rockbridgc county, Ya.,
on thc (-hesopcake k Ohio Railroad, by
an English company, will bc thc largest,
in thc South if not in thc United States.
Thc capital stock is several milli:!] dol?
lars.
Md. Cos who killed Dob Alston iii
Atlanta, has to feed, harness and take
care of GO mules in thc convict camp.
Cox was a convict lessee himself when
he fell into his present trouble, and had
the management of a number of them.
His transition from boss to convict was
one of the most fitful freaks of fortune.
The New York Tribune takes half a
column in which to describe the bathing
dresses worn by little girls at Long
Branch. The bathing dresses worn by
little boys in Chicago arc not quite so
complicated. They consist mainly of
a sun-burned back and a stone-bruise on
each heel.
A New York Times man has beer?
horrified to learn that not a few persons
in Britni) high life eat with their knives
instead of their forks. Dr. Johnson?
the lexicographer, used to eat with his
fingers and wipe them ou thc back of a
Newfoundland dog.
The Augusta Chronicle and Con
af it nt ional id is responsible for thc fol?
lowing : It is reported that. duriDg
the recent canvass in North Carolina,
Senator Yance asked one of his sons
how he was going to vote. The yoting
man answered : 'In favor of the wet
ticket.' 'Proceed, my son/ said old
Zeb, it has made you what you are.
Thc survivors of thc 12th S. C. llcg
imcDt in the late war, will celebrate'
their annual reunion at Lancaster on
the 18th day of August. Hon. J. H
Kinsler, of Columbia, will deliver thc
annual oration. Gen. McGowan, Gen.
Haskell, Coi. Cad. Jones, and other
distinguished guests, members of the
old Brigade, are expected to be present.
Revised Statutes of the United States,
section 5,353, makes shipping nitro?
glycerine punishable with a ?See of
?10,000 and imprisonment for two years
if death follow. The Cunard Steamship
Company must know who shipped thc
ten infernal machines to England. We
learn that iufernal machines are not in?
cluded in the law. They ought to bc
and all ether kinds of hand-made dev?
iltry.
Redpath is in Ireland. ?n a speeeh
at Dublin he called John Bright a reh
egade. Sir William Harcourt a liar, and
Hon. William Iv. Forster an infamous
Quaker, lied pat h used to have veiy
dirty and savage things to say of thc
South. Ile is a dangerous leader for
Ireland.
There is said to be twenty-two facto-,
rios en the Washington county coast of
Maiue, two thirds of them being in the
town of Fastport, where herringare put
up in imitation French boxes, bearing
French labels, as sardines. They are
preserved in cotton seed oil, which is as?
serted on the boxes to be choice olive oil;
Yankee shrewdness again.
A French newspaper relates that ?
millionaire lost his entire fortune except
about one hundred thousand francs, and:
died of grief within twenty-four hours.
Iiis brother, who was his sole heir, bad
long struggled in poverty, and now, on
the sudden receipt of what he regarded
as a large fortune, has just died of joy.
Mrs. Lincoln, widow of the Presi?
dent, has not smiled over congratula?
tion on Robert's honorable account.
Sh-.' sighs and broods upon his official
holding as a new family risk. She
often sits and repeats-. 'Secretary of
War ? Secretary of War ? Then hell
be shot, sure ! That's always the way
in war.' And when told of the shoot?
ing of the President, she manifested ao
surprise, but calmly remarked, it is
said, -1 told you so ; good men have to
be shot sometimes ;. don't you know how
thc Jews killed Christ She has
plenty of money, but it is in thc hands
of a banker and is zealously guarded by
family friends, that she may not have
it to lose or squander. She has with
her a great many relics of thc White
House, which she always has placed in
ber chamber, and carries with her al?
ways about sixty large iron-bound
trunks, filled with dresses which she"
never wears
Tanner's Last Craze.
-0
Dr: Tanner, the great faster, regis?
tered his diploma with the prothonotary
at "Eric. Pa.. Thursday. Ile is draw?
ing up propositions to thc medical fac?
ulty in New York to fast three months,
and states that he eau fast ninety-five'
days if fed on electricity, the air in his
room to bc charred with a strong cur?
rent. This being positive he can ob?
tain the negative elements from the dis?
integration of his tissue ile is OW
fattening tW his fast, as plenty of adi
nose is ucces?ary.

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