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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, October 11, 1881, Image 1

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e Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at. be thy Country's, ray Goers, and Truth's." TITF. TI:UE SOUTHRON, Established June, ISGG
SUMTER, S. O., TUESDAY, OCTOBER ll, 1881. Sew Series-Yoi. I. Xo. il.
I
Published every Tuesday?
-EY THE
Watchman and Southron PiibUshiny
Company,
SUMTER, S. Gi
TERMf?::
Two Dollars per annum-in advance.
A-D VERTISEMEXTS.
Cfae Square, first insertion.SI 00
?Very subsequent insertion. 50
Contracts for three months, or longer will
Be made at* reduced rates.
All communications which subserve private
interests will be charged for as advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of respect will be
Charged for.
Marriage notices and' notices of deaths pub?
lished free. _ _%
For job work or contracts for advertising
?dcress Watchman and Southron, or apply at
the Office, to Ki G. OSTEEN,
Business Manager.
WILMINGTON, COLUMBIA AND
AUGUSTA R. R.
ON aad after May 15th, ISSI, the following
schedule will be run on this Road :
SIGHT EXPRESS AND MAIL TRAIS. (Daily )
(Nos. 47 West and 4S Ea.?t.)
Leave Wilmington.--IO 05 p m
Arrive ai Florence.-. 2 25 a m
Leave Florence. 2 40 a m
Leave Sumter. . - 4 OS a m
?rrive at Columbia.- 6 OU a m
Leave Columbia-.10 00 p m
Leave Snar?er.._.12 OS a m
Arrive at Florence. 1 40 a m
Leave Florence.....-- ..-. 2 00 a m
Arrive at WilmiDgcon. 6 20 a m
?"Tim Train stops only at Brinkley's, White
ville, Flemington. Fair Bluff, Marion, Florence,
Timmonsv?lle, MoyesvMle, Sumter, Camden
Junction-and Easfover.
THROUGH FREIGHT TRAIS.
Daily, except Sundays.
Leave Florence..-.- -..-.12 25 a m
Leave Sumter. 3 13 a ra
Arrive at Columbia.- .... ......... 6 25 a m
Leave Columbia..? - 5 00 p m
Leave Sumter-.*.- S 20 p va
Arrive at Florence .ll 10 p m
LOCAL FREIGHT-(Daily except Sunday.)
Leave Florence.- .. ~-. 3 50 p tn
Arrive at Sumter-Lie over. 7 50 p m
Leave Sumter.-. 7 30 a m
Arrive at Columbia..v..?..ll 00 a m
Lea*?e Columbia.._. a.. 3 15 a ia
Arrive- at Samter- Lie over....*.. S 00 p tn
Leave Sumter_. 6 O? a m
Arrive at florence.-. 12 00 m
A. P0?E,Jj-4i>4-^
1 JOHN'FT ^^^^^ggg?p^_
South Carolina Railroad.
CHAXGE OF SCHEDULE.
ON AND AFTER SEPTEMBER 4th. ISSI.
Passenger Train.? on Camden Branch will
ran as follows, until further notii-e :
RAST TO COLUMBIA-BAILY EX-C?PT SUNDAYS.
Leave Camden ..'... . 7 45 a in
Leave Camden Junction. S 50 a m
A?rive at Columbi;?.. .-..10 ?5 a ni
"WEST FR"M COLUMBIA- DAILY EXCEIT S ESSAYS.
Leave Columbia. 5 10 a SJ... 5 55 p m
Arrive Camden Junction, ll 01 & ra... 7 32 p tn
Airive at Camden. 1 00 p in... S 37 p m
EAST TO CR ARLESTOS AND AUGUSTA.
(Daily except Sundays.)
Leave Camden-.-. ....'. 3 :(l p m
Leave Camden June'.- 5 37 p ta
Arrive at Charleston..... .0 :>0 p tn
Arrive at Augusta..'. 7 25 a m
WEST FROM CHARLESTON AS*D A I* G ESTA.
(Daily except Sundays.)
Leave Charleston. 6 20 a ni"
Leave Augusta. 7 O?? p si
Arrive Camden June".ll CI a m
Arrive at Camden. 1 00 p tn
CONNECTIONS.
Columbia and Greenville Kail road both way-,
for ali points on that Road and on the Snar
fanburg. Union and Co'umb'a and Sparenburg
and Ashville Railroads, also with the (.'har
lotte, Columbia and Augusta Railroad to and
from all points North by trains leaving Camden
at 7 45 a rn, and arriving at S 3" p uv.
Connections made at Augusta to alt points
West and South; also at Charleston with
Steamers for New York and Florida-on Wed
nesdays an? Saturdays
On Saturdays ROUND TRIP TICKETS are
sold to and from-all Stations at one first class
fare for the round trip-tickers being sood ti! 1
Monday coen, to return. Excursion tickets
good for 10 da-js i:re regularly on sale to and
from all stations at 6 cents per mile f r round
trip.
THROUGH TICKETS to all points, can bc
purchased by applying to James Jones, Agent
at Camden. D. C. ALLEN,
Gencr::! Passenger and Ticket Agent.
JOHN B. PECK, General Suo't,
Charleston. S. C
Columbia and Greenville Bail Bead.
PASSENGER pEPARTA!EST,
COLUMBIA. S. C.. August 31, ISSI
ON AND AFTER THURSDAY, September
1st, 1?S1, Passenger Trains will run as
herewith indicated, upon this road ar.d its
branches-Daily except. Sundays :
No. 42 Up Passenger.
Leave Columbia (A)."_11 20 a m
Leave A'.st-n _.12 26 pm
Leave Newberry. 1 21 p m
Leave Hodges. 3 52 p ra
Leave Belton. . 5 05 p tu
Arrive at Greenville...._.-. 5 27 p ai
No. 43 Down Passenger.
Leave Greenville at.10 HZ a ni
Leave Belton.'..'..ll 57 a m
Leave Hodg- s. 1 12 p m
Leave Newberry. 3 47 p m
Leave Alston.-... 4 46 p rn
Arrive at Columbia (F) ... . 5 5U p m
SPARTANBC?G, ?Mf'S A COLUMBIA R. R.
No. 42 Up Passenger.
Leave ALton. 12 4O p m
fceave Spartaoburg, S U & C Depot(B) 4 03 p ta
Arrive Spartanburg R ? D Depot (E) 4 12 p m
No. 43 Down Passenger.
Leave Spnrtar.bur-; RAD Depot ( ll) 12 4S p m
Leave Spananburg ? U ?i O Depot (G) I 07 p ni
Leave Union. 2 30 p ni
Arrive at Alston. 4 20 p m
LA CRESS RAIL ROAP.
Leave Newberry. -. 3 55 p m
Arrive at Laurens C- Il. C ;4S p m
Lern? Laurens C. II .... . S :>o a m
^""Arrive" a<> Newberry.ll '?0 a m
A'M?KVILLE BRANCH.
Leave Hodges:. 3 56 p tn
Arrive at Abbeville. 4 4? p rn
Leave Abbeville.12 16 pm
Arrive at Hodge?.. I 05 p tn
BLCS RIDGE R. R. & ANDERSON BRANC?.
Lea ve Belton. 5 06 p tn
Leave Anderson._.... 5 41 pm
Leave i'er.?'leton. 6 20 p tn
Leave Sr?w?ca ?C). 7 20 p m
Arrive z' Walhalla." 7 45. p m
Leave v .."balla. . . y 22 a in
Leave S: -a (D). 9 54 a m
Leave Pt. . lici?n. lo :>0 a ia
Leave Ar. -ison.ll 12 a in
Arrive at Belton..M IS !t rn
On and after above date thrott.;h cirs will b*
run between Columbia and Henderse n vii ie with
out change.
CONFECTIONS.
A-With South Carolina Kail Road from
Charleston; with Wilmington Columbia ? Au
gusta R R from Wilmington and ai! points north
thereof; with Charlotte,- Columbia ? Augusta
Rail Road from Charlotte and points no: tb
thereof.
Bi-With Ashevi'le <i Sp?rianburg Rail Road
for poin'i in Western N. C.
C-Waa A. ? C. Div. R ? h. R. E. for all
points South and W5e??;
D-With A. & C. Div. R. A I), ll. it- from At
lanta a::d beyond.
E-With A A C Div. R. & D- it. R for ail
points South and West.
F-With South Carolina Rail R'.vl for Char
leston : with Wilmington. Columbia A Augusta
Rail Read for Wiltuingron ar? : the Iv?>rth : v i b
Charlotte, Columbia ?fe August:*. Kail ito.id foi
Charlotte aud the North:
G-With Asheville Jfc Spartanburg Rail ?o.^d
from HenUcrs; .iviHe.
lt-With A. A C. Div. R. ? D. R. K. from
Charlotte & beyond.
Standard time used is Washington. D. C..
which is fifteen minutes faster than Cb??rnb?i.
J. W. FRY, Sup t.
A. POPE. General Passenger Agent.
August 30. ?535t?_ tf
FALLING LEAVES.
The? are falling, slowly falling,
Thick upon the forest side
Severed ?rom the noble branches
Where they waved in beauteous pride.
They are falling in the valleys
Where the early violets spr ing,
And the birds in sunny springtime
First the grandest dulcet ring.
! They are falling on thc streamlet,
Where the silvery v.-aters fiow,
j And upon its placid bosom
Onward with tho waters go.
They are falling in the churchyard j
Where our kindred sweetly sleep ;.
Where the idle winds of summer
Softly o'er our loved ones sweep.
They are falling, sadly falling,
Close beside our cottage door ;
Pale and faded like the loved ones"
Who ha?ve gone forever more.
They are falling, and the sunbeams
Shine in beauty soft around :
Yet the faded leaves are falling
Falling on their grassy mound.
They are falling, ever falling,
When-the autumn breezes sigh
When the stars in beauty glisten1
Bright upon the midnight sky.
They are falling when the tempest
Moans like ocean's hollow roar
When the tuneless winds and' billows
Sadly sigh for evermore.
They are falling, they are falling,
While our saddened thoughts still go
? To the sunny days of childhood,
In the dreamy long ago.
j And their faded hues reoind us
Of the blighted hopes and dreams
Faded like the falling leaflets
Cast upon tue icy streams.
A SAD NARRATIVE.
The L.ast of a Proud and Wealthy Family.
The story of a woman's devotion un
i der fearful trials and crosses will never
I be fully told It began with the first
j mother, was the sole comforter of the
j first murderer, and came down to be
; ever present, adorning life with a heav
i only gleam in the home of the humble
j and proud alike. Yesterday morning
! two Sisters of Mercy might have been
! seen in the ladies* waiting room in the
^SS^J^land Depct,_on^4h, *? -??y. fcg gt.
i Louis. TnV^faceT of one of these holy
j women would have caused the most
j heartless wretch living to stop for an
j instant at least to look upou its sweet
? ness, its beauty, its benignity, all made
j heavenly by a visible and speaking
i something that told of a life of woe and
; hard trial. This nun is the last of a
! once proud and wealthy family, that
i before the rebeliion was renowned in
j the S-a?e of South Carolina for all that
j went to distinguish the elite of that
! proud State.
Her story has few parallels. When
jitKe war broke out the family consisted
I of the father and mother, four socs and
j two daughters, of whom- this Sister of
? Mercy was the youngest, then barely
\ sixteen. The family belonged to the
j Episcopal Church, but the daughters
; were educated at the Academy of the
j Sacred i'leart at Georgetown, now part
j of the City of Washington. Both were
j hurriedly brought from school when the
! war broke out to bid adieu to their
: father and brothers, who were of the
j first to fall into line. With them went
j the betrothed of the elder sister and the
llover of the younger, only sons of a
j neighboring planter of great wealth
I and social standing. The care and
! management of the immense estate Were
!
j left to the overseer and the small army
j of slaves-. At the battle of Antietam
? the father and one of the sons fell, and
j another was brought home to die in a
! little while of his wounds. Misfortune
i began to fall fast. The overseer, who
j from the start had been unworthy cf his
j charge, shortly after the death of these
j three members of the family fled, leav
! ing the estate hopelessly entangled and
! the slaves in a state of uncontrollable
! insubordination.
j The remaining sons came horne on a
! summons to attend their dying mother,
j They found their elder sister broken in
[spirit aud health, but the younger
! brave and cheerful amid the terrible
; straggle. Before the "boys returned tO'
I the field they buried mother and sister,
i and one remained to manage the estate,
j while the other went back to fight. Tn
the field he was attached to the stair of
Gen. Beauregard, and was killed while,
in obedience to orders, Le was conduc?
ting a reconnoitre.
Thus there remained but the younger
son and daughter of thc family.
Sherman's devastating army was
coming, and scarcely a son of those left
to Heath Carolina failed to shoulder a
gun to meet him, among them this only
protector of the beautiful and accom?
plished lady, who, as a Sister cf Mercy,
was on lier way to Sr.. Louis yesterday.
Before Sherman reached the plantation,
which was now in equally unworthy
hands as a trust, the slaves had set
fire to every building, ever so small, on
it besides murdering ttic agent. The
young mistress, thc day before, with
a faithful slave, had fled to the planta?
tion of her lover, from which she
viewed the fiamos wbicb wrapped her
beloved home in ruin. From this
shelter she was obliged to fly on the ap?
proach of the army, for it, like scores of
others, was left in ashes. She Uow
found herself in thc city of Charleston,
tt dependent on the bounty of others.
The terrible charge about Atlanta soon
followed, and among thc first to fall was
her last brother und the lover of her
eldest sister, who, till now, had gone
through tho war unscratched, but tear?
ing high honors.
No cue was left now but her i ?vor,
and he catii o back without his left-arm.
l-'r 'i and destruction wore cvery
?vhero. Slio was absolutely left without
a malo relative, und the few remaining
of her own -ex were like herself en?
gulfed in misery and ruin.
Tn the course of time the one-armed
lover and the brave little rx* tn nan s of
this blighted family were married, the
young wife having in tho meantime
barely supported herself by reaching
and her accomplishment., of tho needle.
They very quickly removed tn Scy?
York, where the husband had secured
a position in a cotton house. Two
handsome children were b'>rn to them,
and lifo seemed measurably bright
when suddenly the husband was taken
sick, and, after lingering for mouths,
died. Soon after his death a newly
born infant died in the hour of its birth.
The mother struggled heroically through
these new miseries, but when health
and activity had come back, not- only
tho past few years of prosperity were
gene, but the furniture must go too,
and thc apartments must be given up.
All this came to pass.
Looking about for a new anchorage
the widowed mother bethought herself
of an old school mate in St. Louis, to
whom she communicated her situation.
The school mate requested her to come
to St. Louis, where she would find
ample field for o'er* accomplishments.
With a hopeful heart the poor mother
started for St. Louis, being obliged to
carefully nurse the oldest of her chil?
dren all the way, he Having- been some?
time ailing. Three days after lier
arrival in St. Louis thc boy died and
before she could fairly look around- the
remaining child bore the stamp of the
grave in his sweet little face. Ile
simply appeared to wither away, and
never spoke except to call for his
brother and his papa. The stricken
woman was unable to attend this last
link to the grave, being confined to
what must seem her death bed'. She
arose, however, but the bright golden
hair that in days gone by fell about her
like a- cloud of sunshine was now as
white as the driven snow. The hair
faded and the beauty somewhat, but the
heart of oak was as staunch as of yore,
and, as events have since proven, so
completely seasoned that to-day it
yearns to bear the sorrows of other
hearts besides its own.
And this sweet faced Sister of Mercy
seen in the Hock Island Depot yester?
day morning is that white haired, oaken
hearted mother who was unable to sec
her darling boy laid under the sod.
She became a convert to the Catholic
Church, entered thc convent and be?
came a member of the band' of holy
women who gave her the accomplish?
ments by which she was enabled to bear
up against poverty and wa.ut . And
she is cheerful, and hopeful and stout?
hearted.-Chicago Neus.
---^
Mutilated Coins.
The article which bas been going thc
rounds of the press (and which was
recently published by us) to the effect
that"^?hs?^>Covernmeut had issued a
seale of disco ti nlT?b-^ijl coins with holes
in them, or otherwise mlirrfe-cd, turns
out to be a hoax. Business men b"^
came uneasy, and actually began tc
refuse them. The editor of the Siates
j ville Landmark wrote to the Treasury
Department in regard to the matter, and
the following is the reply:
SIR-Your letter of the 12th instant,
asking whether the government has
fixed the value of silver coins with
holes punched in them, has been re?
ceived. ^
In reply I have to inform you thal
this department has fixed no specific
value on the coins in question, aud
that there is no provision of law or reg?
ulation of the department for the re?
demption of any coins so mutilated as
to be unfit for circulation. Such coins
may be disposed of as bullion at theil
bullion value, which would, of course,
be less than face value and would var)
according to degree of mutilation.
J. K. UPTON,
Assistant Secretary.
Most of the street-car companies in
New York and the elevated railway
companies have issued orders directing
J their employes not to receive mutilates
coins in payment of fares. It seem;
that the punching and 'clipping' o
silver coins has become a regular busi?
ness with a class of petty rascals, wh(
expend more labor in'stealing a dollai
I in this way than would suffice to carr
j the same amount if applied to some
I honest purpose. The Manhattan New?
Cum puny has also refused- to receiv<
mutilated ccin. One of tho officers o;
thc company recently took a bagful o
small coins of the face value of $100 tc
the United States mint, and the bulliot
j value was found to be only $79. Ht
I then sold them to a broker for ?95, wh<
j will no doubt put them into circulatior
j again at the first opportunity.
When to Plant Fruit Trees
-o
Fruit trees may be planted witto sue
cess either in the Fall or Spring. W<
j have had no difficulty in planting a
I either season of the year. We thin!
that generally the farmer has mon
time in the Fall than in the Spring
but it is not the best time to move th<
trees till about the first* of November
and they should be deuuded.of leave;
before moving. The next importan
operation is in digging the holes. Toi
many dig them like post holes, remov
tog the smallest amount of dirt possji)!'
ami then crowding iu the re-v-ts. S boule
the trees die undr such treatment, a:
they may be expected to do, thc blam<
is placed anywhere but where it be?
longs.
The holes should be made so as to re
ceive t!ie roots in the same form ant
order as they grew before being trans?
planted, and if anything a little deeper.
Thc centre of the pit where the trc<
rests should be higher than the sides- <
little soil thrown and made into tin
form of a mound; then raise thc rvots am
grasping thestem of the tree and the root;
gathered round it in one hand; have youl
a! tat da nt throw in tue earth while yoi
let the roots down into tue soil in tin
position in which they originally grew
Continue this till the roots are all dispos
ed of, then press the s<>il down llrmlj
around them, leaving the earth aroum
the rords a little higher than you intent
have it remain. This will settle s'
that i;; the spring ye:i may have little ti
remove. ii you have loam fro ni th1
bottom of :.-n olci stone fei;c? . it is ?JCS
Lo usu :' in immediate, contact With tin
routs. We have always found ?:::<!. ;
little extra labor expended in planting
meets with its reward in tire thrift-;
manner in which thc trees grow, uni
the greater certainty of their living
Thc same rules of netting ont wi!
applV, whether the work is performe
in the f:ill or spring. There is no ; lac
.:; tho fa rs.? where extra work pay
better than in seitin;; out tr-..es.
The Missouri Llypublleau states tua
the United States standard dollars c
112.'; grains, valued at thc rate at wilie!
uiver circulates in Frauen concurrent)
with gold to the extent of nearly $(?,
f?O?;uOU; would be worth 103.6 cents.
? " EDINBURGH. J
? -o
. The Scsvctitorif at, Holyrood ATPoey
j Thc Gallery at ITohjrood-Mon/ S
?rl?s Residence-Thc Foie of Riz:
- The Chapel Royal-The Mon
wents io Scott, Burns and Licir>
st. ne.
[Corresponde:!cc Detroit Free Press.J
EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND.-At the ft
of the slope ot' thc Canongatc street
??o?yrood palace. The old abbey, wi
its ?rounds, buildings and sand
ary, lies opposite to the main entran
of the palace. Soldiers are now que
tered in the abbey yard, and sent? tn
pace the bread- gateway loading to t
Ulterior.
THE SANCTUARY'.
*A*n advocate has an office upon" o
side and conspicuously advertise 'pr
tectioDs issued.' With a view to asee
tuinirjg for what classes of offences ai
bow much of the privilege of sanctua
i thc Scottish law still allowed to the i
closure of Holy rood Abbey, I tried ti
door, but found it closed. The lan
lord of the abbey inn assured me th
certain bounds were still a protects
and a safeguard to impecunious debtor
an ! not a-few who either could not,
would not, meet their obligations, four
sanctuary here. They take lodging
and accommodations within the precinc
but they are required to pay in advanc
or tc give security for payment.
The landlord bad-a-story of a ccrtai
' scapegrace, who by a more or lees pr
longed resideuce within the abbey pr
cioct, had acquired the confidence of
I city tailor to the extent of several sui
j of clothes, which he afterwards objecte
to paying for, and, relying on the prr
ilexes of the sanctuary, laughed at h
creditor A citation to the court taugl
him a icsson, the judge deciding th:
debts contracted by one in Holyroc
must be paid or the debtor go to prisoi
.; the sanctuary not being intended as
j shelter for the carryiug out of swindlin
operations.
There is a decision extant coverin
another phase of tjje privilege of sanc?
tuary at Holyrood. Those who ava
themselves of it have the freedom <
, the city, so to speak, on Sundays unt
? 9-o'clock at night. An individua
who had means but lacked the dispos
tion to pay his debts, lived in the abbe
. precincts during the week and Sunday
walked tho streets of Edinboro1 as bol<j
ly, and diverged himself with as Hui
, Tcaf cf tho bailiffs, as the most worth
citizens. ^Guiulnff assurance as tin:
went on he paid ??tt?e ?Tre^i-OD- itr--th
clock but sought his retreat of tho Afc
boy at such hours as suited his conven
ience. which not frequently was we!
; toward the dawning of the day.
. Thc ofiicers of the law, advised c
. these goings on, set a trap fur hin;
The debtor escaped the trap and rai
. with all the speed for the sanctuar}
. Down the hard streets, through narrow
1 defiles of tall old houses with quain
. projecting stories, the fugitive hast
. cued, the bailiffs close behind. Th
: pursuit was hot, and one more ste;
5 would have cleared him. when he stum
. bled at the Abbey bounds. His body
from the girdle upwards, rested withii
r the sanctuary when he fell ; but bi
feet were held by the panting baili IT
on the city side. Despite his protests
threats and struggles, causing many ;
! window to open and night-capped bea?
j to protrude, the bailiffs secured thei
r prisoner and snugly locked him up ii
[ 31 id-Lothian jail.
; At his trial the judges held that tin
f arrest was illegal, the nobler portion o
. tko body being within the sacred bound:
j of the abbey, and when it came to ques
. tions of head or heels, heads must win
! *It holds for good law yet," said th;
> landlord' 'though ? hoar it urrnd tba
; j there are places where a man's feet an
j of more service to him than his head
f as, fur instance, in a well.'
f 'Or in a walking match.'
j The landlord looked at mc sharp
! ly. 'You are either from London oi
2 America. With all respect fur youi
) country, we're not fools enough to en
j courage walking matches here.''
So lhere is another point to score foi
Scotland.
? TIIE GALLERY AT HOLYROOD.
Admission to Holyrood Palace i's had
- by tickets purchased at thc porter'?
3 room for a shilling, with coupons for
t the gallery, the 'presence chambers,'
i Queen Mary's private apartments and
5 the chapel royal.
; The picture gallery contains portraits
i of the Scottish kings from the earliest
, period down to James I. of England.
? I forget who it was that said, looking
t at these pictures, that the Scottish kings
> were conspicuous for bottle noses. To
- me they seemed to have some variety in
i ! nasal features, as well as in color of
1 j hair, the canvases showing severally
s i black, blonde, brown, auburn and most
2 i pronouncod red. But, contrary to thc
- J received physiological theories, the long
j department royal Sect?, of whatever
- i color of hair, exhibited a vronderful
1 j sameness of complexion This may be
- accounted for by thc fact that the por
? traits, except those of a half a dozeu
- latter kings-, were painted" by contract
i by a German artist, who doubtless
>1 economised hy mixing enough Hush
1 tints for the whole batch of pictures,
? ? upwards of 100 tu number, at the one
i" j time.
* I MARY STCA-KT'S RESIDENCE.
* j The royal apartments are kept in
. : much thc same way as they were when
" ! oecupiedby Queen Mary. Un ti. ; -.vails
\ : are tapestry hangings w:ih we?l-exocul:
j ! ed figure pieces, mostly ut" cherubs des
1 I noiliiig fruit, trees and reveling in their
1 i plunder. The brighter tints have
I faded, dull gr -'-tts. bi. vviis .-nd grays
i: alone rcn aiuir.g Thc slate ned wit!.
f' its silken coverings and its ; -il 1 canopy
?; of .silks, braids--ami tassels, :r<;?.v mere
!l ' shred; and patches, gives some idea of
'?its fermer grandeur. Its last oeca
V j pant was Prince Charles I'M ward.
. ? A throne platform and several chairs
? i in the room, as well as thc bcd, arc iu
' . closed bv curds to protect them fruin
the despoiling hands of the sight-seen
;' " . p."(rt the tapestry from pillage thc
aiL ii . ::.;'> :;ro on the alert, but
I have not wholly defended it. as the ap
( pcamrjee cf many -.iaecs darned and ro
'.- ' paired., would show.
[j ? TH B h'.\T'? OK. K1ZZI0.
y I M.o~t interest attaches to thc private
-j apartments of "(?ttc.cn Mary; her dre.^s
I in<^ room, iu au odd curucr ul thc north
east tower, hardly the size of a respect?
able kitchen closet ; thc room close by
where the little supper party" was so
rudely disturbed and from whence Itiz
zio was dragged forth to meet his death
near thc farther threshold cf the State
Chamber; its tapestried walls and crim?
son hung canopies. The private stair?
way following the curve of the tower
through which Darnley and thc assass?
ins gained the supper room, is gloomy
and dark enough. The story has been
told so often that standing in the very
apartment, meager enough in its fur- j
nishings, one seems to see the startled I
supper guests, thc shrinking musicians, I
the furious conspirators, the straggling I
Queen, and all' the turmoil and con- I
fusion of the scene.
At the farther entrance to the pre?
sence chamber in a dark corner behind (
tlie door, the attendants will point out j
some faint spots as the blood of l?izzio. !
But if you'question thens they will not
authenticate the fact, but tell thc tale
as it was told to them. Rizzio fell and
died at that particular place, and Queen
Mary caused a new partition to be con?
structed across the presence chamber to
shut the direful spot from view. The !
critical observer will discover that a ?
new floor has replaced the one trodden
by thc 'perturbed' spirits of Mary Stu?
art's court, thereby settling the blood
stains question.
THE CHAPEL POYAL.
The Chapel Royal of Holryrood ad?
joins thc palarc. It is a* roofless ruin,
with crches and monuments yet remain?
ing which measurably illustrate its
former architectural beauty. The ques?
tion of restoriug it bas been often-raised.
There are so many ruined and forsaken
churches in the British Isles that it is
doubtful if anything will be done beyond ]
preserving the chapel from further
decay.
MONUMENTS.
The finest monument in Scotland,
perhaps the finest in the world com?
memorating an author, is that to Sir
Walter Scott. It stands conspicuously
on one side of Princes street, the public
gardens being on the other side. Its
tall gothic pinnacles, enriched with
statues of many notable characters de?
picted by the imagination of Scott,
towers up to a great hight, sharp cut,
white and clear. It is a subject for
much regret that the youthful genius
who conceived it died before its com?
pletion.
The monument to Burns is neither so
costly or so" well designed as that of
??ott. It stands on" higher grcr.^d in
anotl?er^qi?r^r Jlfj/Jc city, jTsreef
mcund crowned by a srna?TTo?Tii remple
in the antique style. The interior con?
tain autograph letters, pictures and me?
mentoes of Burns, upon thc whole, an
i n te res t ; n g collect io n.
Scotland has done honor io those of
her sons whose achievements have
made them worthy. Among thc newer
statues is ooo to David-Livingstone, de?
picting him as dressed and equipped for
his exploring and missionary labors, thc
sextant at his feet, thc Bible in his
hand, his gaze toward Africa.
vriP1?
Bob Ingersoll cn Stingy Men.
---0
I despise a stingy mau. I do not see
how it is possible for a man tedie worth
?5,000,000 or ?10,000,000 in a city
full of vant, when he meets" almost
every day the withered hand of beg?
gary and thc white lips of famine. How
a man can withstand all that and hold
in the clutch of his hand ?:20,000.000
or ?30,000,000, is past my comprehen?
sion. I do not see how he can do it.
I should not thiuk he could do it any
more than he could keep a pile of lum?
ber when hundreds of thousands were
drowning in thc sea. Do you know I
have known men who would trust their
wives with their hearts and homes, but
not with their pocket-books-not with
a dollar. When I see a mau of that
kind, ? always think he knows which is
the most valuable. Think of making
your wife a beggar ! Think of her ask?
ing you every day for a dollar, or two
dollars, or to humbly beg for fifty cents.
'What did you do with that dollar I
gave you T Think of having a wife
that is afraid of you. What kind of
children do you expect to have with a
beggar and a coward for a mother? Oh,
I tell you, if you have but a doiiar in
the world, and you have to spend it,
spend it like a kiug ; spend it as if it
were a dry leaf, and you the owner of
an unbounded forest. That's the way
to spend it. I had much rather be a
beggar and spend my money like a beg?
gar. If it's got to go, let it go. Get
the best you can for your family, and
look thc best yourself When you used
to go courting how nice you looked.
Ah. your eye was bright, your step
was light, rrnd you just put on the vcr}'
best you could. Do you kuow that it
is insufferable egotism in you to sup?
pose that a woman is going' to love you
always, looking as bad as you can T
Think of it! A>ny woman on-earth will
be true to you forever when you do
your level best.
According to Mr. Watts, of Laurens.
An?rura croats are our great reliance.
Dogs do not meddle with them. They
arc remarkably health}' and prolific,
mature carly, begin to breed at one
year old, are as large as sheep, and
yield a valuable fleece; their flesh is
equal to venison, minion, beef or pi : ;
they weigh about as much as sheep,
and consume about as m neb ':"".! : tin ir
manure is very much like and quito as
good as the sheep. They had ratler
browse th at! graze-rating ..i>*d?es,
briar, weeds and-som "im 5 grass : !??r?ce
do well ct: ?he :-inm p:;s? Mtv wi rh si 'Cp
without interfering with each o ?I ?.er's
food, :i< the s! en coi?f?nc themselves
almost entirely to gr: ss.
-mmm*> ?????- -<Ei?- - - --
The Danbury Alv.- tells of a cat be?
ing chloroformed to death, buried in thc
garden, anda rosebush plan-red over ifs
remains. 'The next morning the cat
appeared at the dem- to he let in, and
had thc rosebush under :!s arm.5 The
A'?.//:.: uia<! has josi received our prom?
ised prize of ftlO.OO?i for the most beau?
tiful lie in rife world; - fer*',1 CV
.h. ir.ni/. Wo can beat that. Wc kuow
a cat that was drowned in th" creek.
Next day the cat appeared at tho back
window with the creek in :ts back.
WkiteliaU Tim><.
Tilo Jersey Cow.
[Winasboro News anti Uer.?!-1.]
Thinking thai some of your th?
readers may wish to hear tivy exj:
ence with this noted breed of bu
cows, I shall briefly state it. I
gan the breeding* of the thorough!}
.Jerseys in 1876, and hare folio-,
it persistently ever since. On
investigation of the grounds, 1 Ii
decided that the Jersey is thc com
farmer's cow, and that, when this ,
should come to be generally rccog
ed, she would be sure to como to
front. I'p- to that time (1^76)
was generally considered as har
more tl?an a fancy animal, or a .'gen
man's cow." My theory was t
the Jers'y must before many ye
demonstrate lier economical value
Clearly that- tho iaticy demand wo
become insignificant compared *?
the utilitarian con;maud. The cv
lias already shown that the the
wes well founded, and there is rous
to believe that five years more >
show that 1 have greatly undcrestii
ted the chance. The result of my J
soy business has been entirely sa
factory. It is pleasant to see that
breed'is now very generally reece
zed as not only of thc best bun
making, but is concluded to be
most Initter-makiug cow*. If is g
erally allowed that no other cow v
produce so much butter out of a
of hay as a good Jersey, and* that
other cow will give thc butter st
good quality. Ten years- ago,
Jersey was high priced, becai
gentlemen wanted her for their law
To day she is still higher-priced,
cause she is recognized as thc foun<
j of the comiaic race of butlerme
cows.- Ten years ago the high pr
depended on the deer-like look,
day it depends on such excellency
butter qualities as will lead tc 1
greatest improvement of the race
practical purposes. Four huncln
six hundred, and even one thousa
dollars, is frequently paid for a J
soy, combining with some lan
points or very famous strain of bloc
a good butter yield ; but leaving c
fancy color and neted pedigree,
good registered Jersey cow will
day bring at least four times the pri
of a good native. Why is it that ?
Jersey has como to out rank the i
live lour or five times to one, and
stand on an equality with any tl
roughbrcd in the world ? it
because the Jersey is the most pro
able producer of thc best butter, ti
' th cr ? c4?? m n g_ej?u ms a reji^l ?^ath?
ted hy those who have mest fairly a
thoroughly investigated the merits
this breed :
Thc Jersey is a thoroughbred a
possesses, as fully as any other ti
roughbrcd, capacity to respond
feed, beyond the amount required 1
j thc daily repairs for thc wastes oft
body, and will make this return
butter, as surely as the short-ho
will make it in beef, or thc Ayrcsb!
in milk.
The Jersey* being thorotrgubre
can be depended on, to transmit
breeding, in most cases thc gm
qualities of one parent, in many eas
those of botii parents, and very cfo
thc best qualities of remote as well
immediate ancestors.
The color of the Jersey butter
better, the year round, and on ;
i kinds of food; that! that of any otb
j breed. Thc Jersey makes more bi
i ter ?ii proportion to her size and fee
Having smaller body, she has ?
much less to build up in youth, ai
to support and repaii day by day.
The Jersey comes in at fro
eighteen to twenty months, thus ma
lug a saving, over most other breed
of a year of iced, handling and pr
lection.
The Jersey", as a rule, goes dry
shorter period than any other breed
many produce butter and calve
without cl ry i up; o if. Thc Jersey wi
stand more corn and other wfntc
grain feeding without getting fa
?he will put the oil into her bag, ral:
cr than into her carcass.
Thc Jersey has shown herself t
well ?'ted to thrive in our climat
and on all kinds of food as any bree:
and some she surpasses: ?he lui
hereditary thoroughbred tendencit
which entitle her to the favor of scies
tifie breeders. Tho quality and e:
tent of lier butter-yield arc piacin
her highest in the estimation of butte;
makers-and thc beauty of her joint
and colorings will make her unrivale
in American lawns. The short-hoi*
j would never have reached a ny thin;
like its present high scale ov price.*
on any laney basis. What gives th
great value in the short horn, th
Jersey or any other breeding stock
is that little stipcr-cxceiience of
practical character ' which promises
lasting improvement in all posterity
A- few years ago, at our fans the Jei
soys occupied- a few retired pens
where they were snubbed as starve
lings by tiie beef-cattle judges, uu<
stared at as Alderney's by a careles
crowd. .Now they outnumber al
oilier thoroughbreds at our lairs
I Tile}' have judges who are experts ii
! the breeds, and they 'nave Come fahr
! to the front in public interest. Tin
1 chango Ins been Very great am
; matiy causes have combined lu brim
! it about-ali these working solely b}
> the education of the public as to lin
; rca! practical merit ol'the In ced.
.... . .
i tr.-, character's!"ic description o
! tho Jersey Cow is useful to the . ich
j as weil as a ?fTcal blessing" to tuc
? poor.
J.1? TtUNi-ii:.
SUNNYSIDE -FAUM, Sept. '2.1, ISSI.
Railroad Regulations.
j The Associated .??..es.'ot tl;o Carolina;
j have issued-MI order to the fol lo wi nt
' effect. No conductor shall smoke ci
I chew tuba eco \\ hilo on duty, cr drini
: any ::?i:r'ts : or indulge i? conversatioi
I with any passel ger except en business
! ff ho accepts a cigar from a passen get
. he must forfeit twenty live coots to tin
! com pan v. Lastiv he shall wear a e.ni
term witlmui packets: and shalt carry :
satchel suspended from the shoulder; ii
: which to phi o ali tickets or money:
' collected. rjmier the opera?mii of fbi:
law the efficient conductor will bo abh
j to rival tho circus as a 'groat moral ex?
hibition/
To Save her Brother.
Spending too-JIachThne ?a Sav?njr'?.?fe
Nettie Corraz went to play with her j
three little brothers and two- other ch il- j
dren on Indian Hill Monday- afternoon, j
She would have been 10 years old next ?
Sunday. Indian Hill is not. high but j
its ten affords a' 2ne outlook upon j
Mofrat's pond and Ridgewood, N J, !
When the six children got tired of play- j
i i ri g on the hill they went down to play !
j on thc trestle work. There is no struc- j
turo above tba rails. and no footpath j
beside them, but there is opportunity .
for an agile person to take refuge from !
thc single track when a train passes on j
the projecting ends .of the tius. The j
tics are only three or four feet above \
I the shallow water beucath them, and i
! for the most of the woy the trestlcwork !
j is built ever dry ground. Mr. Wake- j
I enan, a neighbor, saw rho children, and j
I ordered them oif. and Mrs. Morris, an- j
? other neighbor, sent special word to the !
! children that the train which "leaves
Montclair at 5:05 o'clock would come
along and kill them all unless they went
away. They were near thc south end
of the bridge. At 5 :08 the train thun?
dered'along through the cut, around
tho curve, arid'dewn cn to the bridge.
The engineer saw the cbwUferi, put' on
thc brakes, and' reversed his engine,
but it waa impossible to stop' trie' train
suddeuly on such a grade. All the
children except Nettie and her brother
George, who is a bo tit 4 years oi'dv
scrambled out on the cuds of thc ties.
She saw that he could not be trusted to
cling to the tics, and that he must be
dropped through between ties' to' thc
dry ground beneath. Thc little fellow
was afraid and clung to tue timbers.
This delayed her only a fevrv- seconds,
but she did not have even a second to
sparc. It is doubtful even whether she
pushed him clear through. Ile was
found afterward alive and well on the
ground beneath, but he says he touched
the cars when they went over him.
When she sprang away toward the end
of a tie it was too late. Her body was
beyond the track, but her left leg was
severed at thc thigh and the other crush?
ed below thc knee. *
The train was brought to a stop a
moment afterward, and thc engineer,
with tears in his eyes, helped pick her
up. She'did not lose consciousness.
.Oh I'm killed I' she exclaimed.
'What, will mamma say V She died one
hour after the accident.-?Y. 1". Sun.
South Carolina at Yorktown.
Thc following are the ofiicers of th>
Ceutcnr.ial Bataillon which will repre?
sent the State at the Torktown Cele?
bration :
Colonel, Hugh S. Thompson, of
lliehland ; Lieutenant-Colonel, L: de B.
MeCrady, of Charleston ; Major, H. ?..
DuBose, of Kershaw : Adjutant, John
P. Arthur, of lliehland ; Quarter-mas?
ter, ll. D. Lee, of Sumter; Coromis
sarv, C. II. Sloan, of Greenville ;
Surgeon, Br A. X Tally, of Richland :
Assistant Surgeon, Dr. A. W. Burnet,
Jr., of Kershaw.
The following companies will com?
pose the Batallion :
The Gordon Light Infantry of
Winr.sboro', Capt. W. G. Jordan.
The Lee Light Infantry of Chester,
Capt. J. K. Marshall.
The Butler Guards of Greenville,
Capt. Waddy Thompson.
The Sumter Tiight Infantry of Sum?
ter, Capt W. ll Dolgar.
The Governors Guards of Columbia,
Capt. Willie Jones.
The Richland Volunteers of Colum?
bia, Capt. R. N. Rich bourg.
The German Fusiliers of Charleston,
Capt. Henry Scbacte.
The Washington Light Infantry of
Charleston, Capt. A. W*. Marshall'
The Abbeville, RiScs of Abbeville,
Capt. M. L. Bonham. Jr.
The Palmetto Ri?es of Aiken, Capt.
W. W. Williams.
It has crt yet been decided whether
the Battalion wiii' carry one or two
colors, but it is certain that one of them
will be iiie National flag. No decision
has been made in regard tc the other, if
other ?here will be.
Our Distinguished Citizen's
Little Trouble.
A Nev/ x erk special says : Franklin
J. Moses, former Governor of South'
j Carolina, was arrested and locked up
' at police headquarters this evening on
the charge of swindling William S.
Hall, a retired hotel keeper, who lived |
at No. 4 East Tenth street. Mr Hall j
was swindled out of ?2.?00 in June j
last by Flin White, the notorious con-j
?dence man. While was arrested on j
June ]?.. Two days Inter Meses called j
on Mr. Hr.!?, and after introducing him- J
self as a law vcr by thc name of Has- j
sans, l.-e offered to give Mr. [Tail' infor?
mation by which the money could be |
recovered. JT?e said that White's wife j
boarded with his mother, and i?ac in
her trunk diamonds and other property j
worth the amount taken from Mr. Hall, j
If Mr. Hall would give him ?25, he!
said-, he would procure a search-warrant j
ant! get the property belonging to I
White's wife. Mr. Hall gave him ?25, j
and Moses went away never to return. |
While was afterward convicted and scot j
to prison for live years. To-uay Mrs. |
Hal! saw Moses on KlcventL street, I
and informed Inspector Barnes. I Ie was i
arro, ed this evening at. No. S5 West
Eleventh street. At police headquar?
ters Moses expressed adestr? seule
the matter by paving "Sir. liait ?35.
but both Mri. rani Mrs. Mail said they
were doscrniiued to prosecute lum:.
Th.' fblWiug is told of John iv i-an
. hdl. thc editor ol the Augusta (tia.)
' 'hrt'i 'a: lie attended one day a col
. red church the country, ami had iii
his pocket a silver half dolla", jost the
fare back to Augusta. At the coneh:
sier! of his sermon, the minister cree:ed
a Collection for his own beue'it. 'Ol
course," sai'1, he, '! "speers every pusson
to give somcthin' ; bu? IVe told dat Mr.
Thomas un 'h: ?-i?e yonder had some
;;::';.'\s ..!..',_. friday night. I don't
' want a:. Y mall wno hal a. h O.K." in Steal-:
iii" dcm un keys to put any money in
' de hat.' When rho hat reached Mr.
?audall not a man had refused to con?
tribute, and ?ho preacher's eyes were
?on him His half-dollar weft into tho
hat.
NEWS ITEMS.
Tho apple crop in Virginia is unus?
ually large.
The French delegates to the York?
town Centennial arrived at New York
last Wednesday.
Marvin. tTl3 bigamist and forger,
plead guilty to both charges and v?as
sentenced to ten years in the peniten?
tiary.
Tho er..-:es cf the Star Route thieves
were begun at Washington on Tuesday.
A postponement of one day was obtain?
ed.
President Arthur is the only man
elected Vice President who had never *
previously been a member of either
House of Congress.
?t is now estimated that the total re?
ceipts in money by the Southern plant?
ers for this year's crop will exceed those
of last year. The increase of price will
make up for the decrease of production.
Two Virginians are making' canes
from the small timber which has beea
growing around" Washington's birth?
place. The canes will- be sold at the
Yorktown Centennial.
The Colleges at Due West opened
last Monday. Erskine College with
fifty students, and the Female College
with seventy. A good beginning for
the str?ngencey of thc times.
Fifty members of thc third class of
caders at Annapolis have been sent
aboard punishment ship for shamefully
hazing thc newly enter.d fourth class.
They doubtless think it a first class
hard ship.
Dispatches from various points in tho
Northwest represent a heavy rise in
thc rivers, owing to long continued
rains-, and that much hay agd wood
have been washed away. Farmer? are
suffering seriously.
An oil train on tie Erie Railroad
took fire at Delaware river bridge, near
Port Jarvis, N. J., on the 5th. Fifteen
tank cars and contents were destroyed,
telegraph wires melted down and the rail?
road track badly damaged;
The Atlanta Cotton Exposition was'
opened on the 5th, and the full pro?
gramme was carried cut, thousands of
people being present. Everything is
most favorable, and the Exposition starts
out under very auspicious circumstan?
ces.
The statisticians ire now willing to'
conceede that there will be a wheat sur?
plus of ot least 100,000,000 bushels ia*
Tnis^country at the service of the needy
elsewlierSw _It wil^drfce^aJredL_fl54
h will bring tobins country at least
$150,000,000 of foreign gold.
Dispatches from all parts of New
England, on October 5th, indicate the
thermometer below the freezing point
and considerable damage done to crops,
i At Stowe, Yt., it began to snow in the
forenoon, and the fruit was frozen on the
trees.
South Carolina is probably the only
State in the Union that can point with
pride to two ex-Govcrnerssimultaneously
in the clutches of the law. R. K. Scott
is in trouble for murder; Franklin Jv
Moses is in jail for swindling a citizen'
in the paltry sum of twenty-five dollars.
Daniel Chamberlain is the next in order.
This is a good time to recall the fact
.that it was red shirt straigbtout, Bour?
bon Democracy that saved this State
from having Scott, Moses, Chamber?
lain, Elliott, Whipper, Gleaves, Whittc
more and their friends ruling her affairs'
.and sitting on her bench, and replaced
them with Hampton, Hagcod, Simpson,
Mciver, Jeter, Kershaw and their
kind.-Greenville Neics.
Two vcars aso the banks of New
York city held ^20,000.000 in gold,
and there was in thc United States
Treasury, say ?150,000,000. Accord?
ing to the latest returns the banks now
held ?o5.0C0;3C0 and thc Treasury
$.170,000.000 This shows what has
become of ?05.000,000 of the 265,000,
000. The rest is supposed to have
been- absorbed by the West and South;
; Hon. J' ti. Evins, M. C , who went
on to Washington City and to Cleve?
land, Ohio, to attend'the funeral cbsc-'
quies of President Gai Geld, returned
home on lase Saturday. Ile says no
such demonstration of -?ny kind has be?
fore been held ia-America as was wit?
nessed in Cleveland, trie crowd bsicg
variously estimated at from '250.000 to
800,0 0\
According to thc request' of Victoria
of England, asking of Mrs. Garfield a
photograph; cf her late husband, the
metrare was yesterday shipped to Her
Majesty by Mr. J. F. Ryder, the photo?
grapher. Pt is the same size as thc enc
thstr hangs in the catafalque; is silver'
tinted atid elegantly framed. Thepho
m?rraph sent to the Queen is considered''
by Mri Garfield the best photograph
ever taken of her husband.-Cleveland
(Oi) io) Herald.
F.>ur hundred and forty-two of thc'
farmers who deal with Greenville have
paid for their fertilizers without ques-'
tion, and their notes arc not due vet.
These men represent Greenville, lau?
rens. Anderson, Picken?, Ocoucc and
?partan burg counties. They arc
square men and true men, and there arc
many more like thom who have not
I been heard from yet, bat soon will be.
j -(>'.-w ? ville Xsies.
j A report that John B. Lyon, the
I heaviest shipper of corn in the Chicago
; market, was short about 7.000,000 of
j bushels-, created almost a panic on
Charme on Tuesday, lie was said tc
; Imve 'Leen called on for 1,000,000 mar
M??n iii?rhr. a ter business hours, and
lo h.:ve failed to respond. This fact
ur..! rho action of the Hoard of Directors
! fixing the marginal price of cern atsix
! tv-two cents broke the backbone of thc
j corn market, and ail other grains sold
j down in sympathy.
j A movement is on foot in tho Fast
j looking toward the organization of a
1 Divorce Insurace Company, the coa?pa
' nv proposim: to insure newly married'
j couples against future legal separation
: i:j amounts ranging from ?1,000 to
: ?-5.0*uv <>?l such extraordinary risks
: tho prices of policies must naturally
; ?onie so high that uonc but the wealthy
! eau secure them.

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