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THE SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850.
'Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at. be thy Country's, thy God's, and Truth's."
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established ?Tune, 1866.
Consolidated Aug. 2, 1881.1
SUMTER, S. C., TUESDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1881.
Sew Series-Yoi. I. Xo. 12.
A fr or 9~ Von rs.
Published every Tuesday,
Watchman and Southron Publishing
SUMTER, S. C.
Two Dollars per annum-in advance.
One Square, first insertion.$1 00
Every subsequent insertion. 50
Contracts for three months, or longer will
be made at reduced rates.
All communications which subserve private
interests will be charged for as advertisements. |
~~ Obitaano'a'B?^r?outeT Ol l?SpU?T will be
Marriage notices and notices of deaths pub?
For job work or contracts for advertising
address Watchman and Southron, or apply at
the Office, to N. G. OSTEEN,
WILMINGTON, COLUMBIA AND
AUGUSTA R. R.
ON and after May 15th, 1881, the following
schedule will be run on this Hoad :
KIO BT KXPRE& AND MAIL TRAIS. (Daily)
(Noa. 47 Wert and 4S Ea*L)
Leave Wilmington.'.10 05 p m
Arrive at Florence..". 2 25 a na
Leave Florence.-. .... .. .. 2 40 a m
Leave Sumter............... -.. -... 4 0$ a m
Arrive at Columbia....................... 6 0(1 a m
Leave Columbia..-.~~._.........JO 00 p m
Leave Sumter_.._--...._12 OS a m
Arrive at Florence-..................... 1 40 a m
Leave Florence.......... 2 00 a m
Arrive at Wilmington--.- 6 20 a m
This Train stops only at Brinkley's, White
?Hie, Flemington, Fair Bluff, Marion, Florence,
Timcnonsville, Mayesville, Sumter, Camden
Jonction and Eastover.
TDRO'JGn ?RE1GHT TRAIS.
Zz'?j, except Sundays.
Leave Florence..._..-...12 25 a m
Leava Sumter.~_ 3 13 a m
Arrive at Columbi*.......... 6 25 a m
Leave Columbia.-- .._- 5 00 p m
Leave Sumter..-......_ . S 20 p m
Arrive at Florence. ....... ll 10 p m
LOCAL FREIGHT-(Daily except Sunday.)
Leave Florence. -_.. 3 50 p m
Arrive st Sumter-Lie over. 7 50 p m
Leave Sumter_...... ?.. 7 30 a m
Arrive at Columbia ....................... ll 00 a m
Leave Columbia...... ............... 3 15 a m
Arrive at Sumter-Lie over. 8 00 p m
i Leave Sumter-.?.?._ 6 00 a m
Arrive at Florence. . 12 00 m
A. POPE, G. P. A.
JOHN F. DIVINE, General Sup'L_
South Carolina Railroad,
^ CHANGE OF SCHEDULE.
^ N AND AFTElt SEPTEMBER 4th. ISSI.
B V/ Passenger Trains on Camden Branch will
Kr an as follows, until further notice :
KAST TO COLUMBIA-DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAYS.
^?Leave Camden.. 7 45 a m
^^^eeve Camden Junction. $ 50 a m
^ Arrive at Columbia.10 55 a m
WEST TROJI COLUMBIA-DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAYS.
Leave Columbia............ 5 10 a m... 5 55 p m
Arrive Camden Junction, ll Cl a ra... 7 32 p m
Arrive at Camden_... 1 00 p m... S 37 p m
? AST TO CHARLESTON A SD ACCUSTA
(Dai?y except Sundays.)
Leave Camden....-.. 3 ?0 p m
Leave Camden June'. 5 37 p m
Arrive at Charleston.. 10 30 p m
Arrive at Augusta-. 7 25 a tn"
WEST FROM CHARLESTON ASP AUGUSTA.
(Daily except Sundays.)
Leave Charleston. 6 20 a ai
Leave Augusta.-. 7 00 p su
Arrive Camden June'.ll 01 a m
Arrive at Camden. 1 00 p ni
Columbia Bud Greenville Railroad o>tb way.?,
for all points on that Road and on the Spar?
tanburg. Union and Columbia and Spartanburg
and Ashville Railroads, also willi tho Char.
lotte, Columbia and Augusta, Railroad to and
from all points North by trains leaving Camden
at 7 15 a nj, and arriving at 8 37 p m.
Connections made at Augusta, to all points
*lTest and Sonia; also at Charleston with
Steamers for New York and Florida-on Wed?
nesdays and Saturdays.
Oe Saturdays ROUND TRIP TICKETS are
sold to and from ul! Stations at one first class
fare for the round trip-tickets being good tili
Monday noon, to return. Kxcurtdon tickets
good for 10 days ?re regularly on sale to and
from all stations at 6 cents per mile f\>r round
THKOUGII TICKETS to all points, can he
purchased by applying to James J<?nes. Agent
at Camden. D. C. ALLEN,
General Passenger and Ticket Agenc
JOHN B. PECK, General Sup t,
Charleston, S. C
Columbia, and Greenville Hail Eoad.
COLUMBIA. S. C.. August 31. ISSI.
ON AND AFTER THURSDAY, Septeuibtr
1st, ISSI, Passenger Trains will run as
herewith indicated, upon this road and its
branches-Daily except Sundays :
No. 42 Up Passenger.
Leave Columbia (A).ll 20 a m
Leave Alston......... .12 26 p ru
Leave Newberry._. 1 21 p sn
Leave Hodges...-. 3 52 p in
Leave Belton. 5 05 p m
Arrive at Greenville. 6 27 p m
No. 43 Down Passenger.
Leave Greenville at. .10 33 a m
Leave Belton-... ....II 57 a m
Leave Hodgrs..'.-... 1 12 p m
Leave Newberry. 3 47 p m
Leave Airton._. 4 46 p tn
Arrive at Columbia (F).. 5 50 pm
SiiRTASBURG, ?M05 A COLUMBIA R. Ii.
No. 42 Up Passenger.
Leave Alston...........~T2 40 p m
'Leave Spartanburg, S U A C Depot (B) 4 03 p m
Arrive Spartanburg RAD Depot (E) 4 12 p m
No. .43 Down Passenger.
Leave Spartanburg RAD Depot (II) 12 4S p m
Leave Spartanburg S?iC Depot ( O ) I 07 p m
Leave Union.-. 2 36 p m
Arrive at Alston. 4 36 p m
LAURENS RAIL ROAD.
r- Leave Newberry... 3 55 p m
Arrive at Laurens C. H. 6 45 p m
Leave Laurens C- H. S 30 a tn
^ Arrive at Newberry.ll 30 a m
?eave Hodges....... 3 56 p m
Rrrire at Abbeville. 4 46 pm
Hsavc Abbeville.12 15 p va
Pi^rrive at Hodges. 1 05 p m
BLUE RmGB R. R- A ANDERSON BRANCH.
Leave Belton-... 5 OS p m
Leave Anderson. ........ 5 41 pm
Leave Pendleton.-. 6 20 p m
Leave Senaca (C). 7 20 p m
Arrive at Walhalla. 7 45 p m
Leave P/alballa_-. 9 23 a m
Leave Seneca (D). 9 54 a m
. Leave Pendleton.*.10 30 a m
Leave Anderson..-.-..1112 am
Arrive at Belton.ll 4S a m
On and after above date through cars will be
run between Columbia and Henderscnville with?
A-With South Carolina Rail Road fruin
Charleston; with Wilmington Columbia A Au
^ustaR&from Wilmington and all points north
.hereof; with Charlotte, Columbia A Augusta
Rail Road from Charlotte and points north
B-With Asheville A Spartanburg Rail Road
for points in Western N. C.
C-With A. A C. Div. RAL. R. R. for all
points South and West. .
D-With A. A C. Div. R. A D. R. R. from At
laata and beyond.
B-With A. A C. Div. R. A D- R. R. for all
points South and West.
F- With South Carolina Rail Road for Char?
leston ; with Wilmington, Columbia A Augusta
Rail Read for Wilmington and the North ; wi: h
Charlotte, Columbia A Augusta Kail Itoad for
Charlotte and the North.
9-With Asheville A Spartanburg Rail 3oad
from Henderson vii ls.
H-Witb A. A C. Div. R. A D. R. R. from
Charlotte A beyond.
Standard time used is Washington, D. C.,
a V'OA ie fifteen: minutes luster than Columbia.
J. W. FRY, Sup't.
A. POPE, Sen era! Passenger A g<>n t.
August 30, im, tL
THE PARTING LOVERS
Goodnight, sweetheart! It can't oe '
That clock had better "go a little slow !:
I do not see how it can have thc face
To take "new deals" at such a rapid pa
Full well I know ten minutes have not
Since it struck nine ! Good night, my
my own I
-"Good nifeht, Charlie 1"
0 yes ; last night, while going down B
Who do you think I met? Jack Gray I
Just home from Europe I You should
'Twould make a mummy laugh to see
He struts around with such a killing air
Ha ! Ha ! Good night, my love, ray
-"Good night, Charlie 1"
0 Kate ! wait, dear ! I forgot to tell
You something. Let me think 1 T
funny I Well,
It's gone, and in a moment so am I.
My darling, how-I hate to say good bye!
Some fei!ow3 would much later stay I kn
But"ten" your mother says; so I must g
-"Good night, Charlie!"
Sometimes, bewitching Kate-ah ! somet
"Good-by" shall we consider obsolete.
No more will clocks strike terror to my hi
And in exultant tones bid me depart.
Ah ! now, like Cinderalla at the ball,
1 fly from happiness. Good night, my al
-"Good night Charlie 1"
O Katie, dear, is't too much trouble, thin
To get a match ? I could not sleep a wini
Without my smoke. It is a lovely night.
So clear and sweet, and it is just as brigl
As day. Well, I must tear myself away,
Thanks, dear! Good night once more
-"Good night, Charlie !"
0 dear I How stupid of me ! There's
1 must come back and get it I Should it ra
To-morrow eve, will come and let you kn<
About the party; if not we'll go.
Hark Catch me ere I fall ! O what a shock
It strikes again ! Good night ! Confound t
-'-Good night, Charlie !"
From the Macon Telegraph and Messeog
LETTER PROM EUROPI
LDCERXE, SWITZERLAND, AUG. 14, 1880
Upon reaching Lucerne a day or t
since, I found every hotel in the ph
full to overflowing, and in the sub:
quent scramble for rooms, my cont;
with English and American travelh
brought forcibly to mind the remark
the native ot" Florida, who, when ask
by a Yankee tourist, "What in t
world the people of Florida live on
replied "On fish and alligators in sui
mer, and Yakees in the wiuter." T;
diet of the Swiss differs only to th
extent; that they live on Yaukecs ai
English both winter and summer,
the parlors and reading-rooms of tl
elegant and spacious hotels, which bo
! der thc lake of Lucerne, it would r
quire, but very little effort to iroagii
yourself at a fashionable American w;
tering place, so universally is the Englii
language spoken-and English new
papers predominate on the shelves aa
tables. If, after mustering all yoi
resources, you venture to address a she
girl in Lucerne or Geneva in your be;
French, thc reply is almost invariabl
given in equally good (?) English : tl
inference being apparent that it is rea
considered a reflection upon th
qualifications of this class of this cou
munity to presume that they are nc
conversant with the English language
These remarks, however, would nc
be strictly applicable to the more rc
mote parts of Switzerland, in which
have spout the last three weeks-a tou
which was so full of interest and novel
ty to me, that I have thought a shor
letter in reference to it would not b
devoid of interest to your readers.
We left Paris the night after th
great "national fete" and taking ;
sleeping-car were landed in Geuev
next morning, in time for breakfast.
The French call their sleeping-car
"wagonlits," which comes about a
near being a translation of "sleeping
car" as you could expect of a French
man, and they afford a mest striking
contrast in size and appearance, as wei
as in comfort and elegance, to a Pull
man palace sleeper. The one we rodi
in was simply one of their ordinary rail
way carriages cut up into four com
partments. with an aisle running along
one side of the car, into which the doon
of these compartments opened, Foi
a berth in one of these $tate-rooms, J
was charged the modest sum of twenty
six francs, or about $5 22. Whai
would the railroad commission of Geor?
gia say to such extortion ? However, it
enabled me to make, in comparative com?
fort, a journey which a few yea"S ago
was neccessarily very tedious and dis?
agreeable, and I found myself trans?
ferred, as if by magic, from the gay
streets of Paris to the quiet and lovely
j shores of Lake Leman,
j We spent only a day in Geneva, as
the weather was oppressively warm,
and we were anxious to get to cooler
quarters. After traversing the whole
length of the lake in one of the little
steamers, we took the railroad niuning
from the lake up the llhone Valley,
which in a few hours, brought us to
Brieg, the present terminus of the rail?
road and the point of departure for car?
riages going over the "Simpl?n Pass"
This quaint and picturesque little
town is cheifly remarkable for its beau?
tiful situation, and for its convenience
as a starting-point for several very io
j teresting excursions into the high Alps.
j We therefore determined to make it our
j head-quarters; and after a night's rest,
j we prepared to ascend to thc "Bell-Alp
( Hotel," which is situated some four
j thousand five hundred feet above the
? Khone Valley, and seveu thousand one
j hundred and fifty feet above the level of
I the sea
As seen from Brieg, the hotel ap
! peared to be about the size of an ordt
! nary barn, and very much the same
j shape, but we were assured that it con
j tained about twenty rooms, and was
j well kept and comfortable. So, after
j telegraphing to secure rooms, we prc
I pared to mount our steeds. Of course
I we had to leave our trunks in the vai
ley, and had packed all articles nc
sary for our comfort into valises, ?
posing that they would be carried
hind us on mules, but we were soon
formed that our baggage was too he
for the mules to carry, and that it w<
be necessary for us to have a poi
As we knew this was simply an ex<
for compelling us to employ ano:
man, we at first demurred, but u
learning that the man would carry
three valises, besides a bundle of she
and a heavy package of books, all
way to thc top of the mountain for
dollar, we thought it would be a ]
made no further objection. I felt ?
ry for the fellow at first, but he seer
to think nothing of it, and woul(
hear to our substituting for him a p
mule; and as the mule to do the sa
work, would have cost us double
money, of course we let him have
own way about it. The truth is, t
among the beasts of burden in comn
use in this country, the mule occuj
thc first place in the estimation of
people, and receives the tenderest c<
sideration at their hands. Men co
next in order, and last of all worn
upon whom the great brunt of the h;
The preliminaries being arrang?
we took up our line of march in sin,
file, the lady of the party being hon
ed by a seat on one of the ugliest mu
I ever saw, while we poor men had
be content with horses. They said 1
reason of this arrangement was tl
the mule was more sure-footed a
steady, and before I got to the top
the mountain I had reason to wish tl
I had swapped my nag for a mule,
even a cow, before I started. The pa
for more than half of the way was horril
rough and steep, and I hadn't gone vc
far before I concluded that it was healt
ier in that fine mountain air to wal
so I dismounted and allowed my hoi
to go as close to the edge of the pre<
pice as he wished. When we left t
valley I occupied the second place
the procession, but after we had pass
the worst part of the road, and I h;
remounted my horse, I found myself
the rear. This arrangement didn't si
the aforesaid steed at all, for cither 1
was a very ambitious animal, else 1
had an especial affection for the leadit
mule, and began to make demonstr
tions which looked very much to me
if he was going to try to pass Mr. M.
horse in spite of all I could do, and thi
regain his lost position. As the pal
was rather narrow for such a perforn
ance I felt considerable uneasiness, a
though the guide said he was a vci
well behaved horse, and of course th;
ought to have quieted my apprehei
sions. At last it began to rain a litt
and I hoisted my umbrella, in doin
which I gave him the opportunity he ha
been looking for, and he actually mac
a dash and rushed by the horse in fror
of bim before I could stop him. Foi
tunatcly the path was a little wider tha
usual just at that point, and consequen'
ly no harm resulted, but it was by n
means a pleasant incident, and sine
that time I have been very much dis
posed to walk, even though offered th
luxury of a mule instead if a horse.
We reached the hotel after about iou
hours and a half of this rough scramb
ling, and found it full to overflowing
The rooms are small and the ceiling
very low, but the house is very wei
kept and everything is as neat and cleai
as one could wish. The fare is reall;
excellent; and when I took iuto consid
cration the fact that everything abou
the house had to be brought over thi
lovely road I have just described, I wa;
amazed to see how thc difficulties hac
been overcome, and how comfortable i
hotel could be made away above th<
clouds, as this one often is. I hav<
never yet exactly made up my minc
how they brought the piano which grace?
the salo7i up from the valley, though 1
suppose a porter must have brought il
on his back ; for I saw one with a full
sized Saratoga trunk strapped on like a
kuapsack, and when he put it down at
the hotel door he didn't even draw a
Ions breath. What would the average
Georgia darkey, who contends that a
man can't do hard work without his full
allowance of a half pound of meat- a
day, say to thc fact that these people
never cat meat at all ?
The day after we reached our lofty
perch on the mountain side, the weath?
er was beautifully clear and we enjoyed
without stint the grand panorama of
snow peaks all around us. The "great
Aletsch glancier," by far the largest in
the Alps, and many times larger than
the celebrated Mer de Glace at Cha
moix, is in full view for upwards of ten
miles of its length, and looks like a
great river which, lashed into gigantic
waves and rushing ruadlj down the
valley, has been suddenly frozen and
stopped forvever. Everything around
you in thc Alps is on such a magnifi?
cent scale that you are deceived about
the distances of objects from you, in
spite of all allowances you may try to
make. This glacier, for instance ap?
pears to be but a few hundred feet below
the hotel, and yet you can hardly dis?
tinguish with the naked eye a party of
men crossing it, even after your atten?
tion has been called to the spot where
they arc ; and rocks lying en the sur?
face of the ice, which appear to be mere
pebbles, are to reality gigantic bould?
ers. This deceptive appearance was
forcibly illustrated and brought home to
us on thc day after wc reached the
"Bell Alp." We had about an hour to
dispose of before dinner, and we con?
cluded it could not be better spent than
by going down the path to the glacier
and taking a little walk on its surface
not having thc least idea but that wc
could accomplish thc distance and re?
turn within thc hour. The path led in
zigzags down thc face of au almost
perpendicular precipice, and we hadn't
gone very far before we saw that wc
had underestimated the distance. We
didn't seem to bc any nearer the bot?
tom than when we started: but, after a
consultation, we concluded to go on
even if we lost our dinner. So far
from getting back to the hotel within
an hour it took us nearly an hour
to get down to the glacier, and very
nearly two hours were consumed in
climbing back again. Thereafter, :
when we undertook walks just before j
dinner, we allowed a little more margin j
for errors in judgement.
[ Twice during our stay at the "Bell- j
Alp" we ascended the Sparrenhc
mountain just in thc rear of the
which is very near ten thousao
high. Both times thc sky was p
ly cloudless, aud thc view fro
summit was simply superb. The
horizon was bordered with snow-'
mountains, some of them more t
hundred miles distant, while
were so near as to seem to be
within reach of our hands. We
two hours on the summit the first
we went up, and during that tim
sublimity of the prospect arour
was not so absorbing as to pre vc
from restoring our tired ?nergie
?iapesinc: of a substantial lunch
we hadTr7ug?T?-??44luus. We mi
our wine with snow gathered "f*u
crevices of the rocks ; and we can
the unanimous conclusion, that
such circumstances, even "vin
narie" becomes a most delicious
The slopes of the "Bell-Alp,"
to a height of one thousand feet
the hotel, are covered with green ?
which affords rich pasturage for
mense herds of cattle and goats,
former seem to be for thc most pa
"Jersey" or "Guernsey" breeds,
are fat and sleek enough to do bor
the "blue grass region" of Kcnti
On the approach of winter these I
are all driven to the valley, where
are to- be housed and fed until the <
ing spring enables them again to (
to their elevated pasturage. The ?
chalets, so celebrated in song
story,/seem to be almost as good m
taineers as the cattle and goats,
you see them scattered everywhere
the mountain sides, singly anc
groups to the height of more
eight thousand feet. They look very
turesquc and romantic when seen
a distance, but they can't stand clos
spection. The plan generally pur
in their construction is to have
stable or cow pen, which is buil
stone, in the basement, while the I
tatton of the less favored mortals fe
the wooden superstructure. Imagi
family of a dozen people living i
single large room, beneath which
penned,, during eight months in
year as many cows, and you have a
idea of the average Swiss chalet,
it ' at all wonderful that "ere
?sm" and "goitre" should pre
to an alarming extent among sucl
After spending a most deligh
week at the "Bell-Alp," we went
the "Eggischhorn Hotel," a resort \
similar in its appointments and situai
to the one we had just left, but IE
convenient for making several exe
sioos which we were anxious to acc<
p?sh before we returned to the vail
it is about twelve miles from one lu
to the other, and there is a good 1
die path all the way ; but in wholesc
recollection of my recent experience
preferred this time to walk all the w
In crossing the glacier I was very mi
amused ?.t thc Conduct of a male win
iu company with a horse, was being
across thc ice at a point a little lot
down than where we were crossing,
coming to a rather steep place on i
ice, the man who was leading them i
some steps with his ice axe to ena
them to get a better footing. I
horse took advantage of them v<
promptly, but the mule, true to the i
stincts of his race, wouldn't be ltd; a
planting all four feet firmly, and stiffe
ing his legs he slid gracefully and ra
idly to the bottom of the slope. It u
a performance that would have do
honor to a member of tl?e English ?
pine Club, but would have been rath
uncomfortable to a man on his back.
Our next climbing feat was to t!
top of the Eggischhorn, another mou
tain nearly ten thousand feet high, t
view from whose summit is one of t!
most celebrated in the whole Alp
The weather was not very favorable f
distant views when we reached the to;
as you will readily imagine when
mention thc fact that it snowed for i
hour while we were on thc summit. \\
remained up there for several hour
however, and we were rewarded wil
an almost perfect view of the whole pai
Another day, while afc the EggiscI
horn, we spent in an excursion to tl
Marjelen See, which is thc name give
to a little lake, about a mile long, lyin
in a ravine adjoining the eastern side c
the great Aleiseh glacier. Here we ha
an opportunity of seeing how iceberg
are formed in the arctic regions, an
it is the only place in the whole tem
perate zoue where such a sight can b
witnessed. Portions of the ice-cliff c
the glacier are constantly splitting o:
and tumbling down into the green wa
ters of the lake, where they form veri
table icebergs. Some of them tower a
least fifty feet above the water, and be
ing tinted with that delicate blue colo;
peculiar to glacier-ice, they presented
when glistening in the suulight, a scene
of fairy-like beauty which I shall lonf
From the Marjelen See we took a
walk on the surface of the glacier itself,
to a point where we could get a view ol
its whole length. At this place it is
a mile and a quarter wide, and as it is
more than twenty miles long, and sev?
eral hundred feet io depth, your read?
ers can form some idea of what a vast
body of ice it is.
After spending four or five days at
the Esrffiscbhorn, we scrambled down
the mountain-, this time on foot, and re?
turned to Bricg.
Our next destination was Zcrniatfc,
an elevated valley about a day's ride
from Brieg, and in the very heart of thc
Alp?nc peaks. We spout nearly a week
in that vicinity, and found it by far thc
most interesting place wo had yet visit?
ed. The hotels aro excellent, and thc
scenery unsurpassed, but the weather
was just a little too cool for a summer
resort. The hotel on the Kiffelberg is 8,
500 feet above the level of thc sea, and
the night we spent there (the 5th of
August.) thc thermometer went down to
21 degrees Fahrenheit, and icc and
frost was abundant nest morning.
Fruin this hotel we made thu ascent
of tho < !orncrgrat, a mountain 10,400
feet high, itself partly covered with
snow and completely surrounded by thc
monarchs of the Alps. Thc view is not
so extensive as that from thc Eggiscli
horn, but to my mind is far more wild
and impressive We remained on thc
p. in. until sunset, as tlie skies
cloudless, and we knew that
whole course of our lives we.
probably never have such an oppoi
for witnessing a sunset among thc
mountains. As soon as the sun
peared the fall in the tcmperatur
amazing to one unaccustomed as .
to the phenomena of these high
tudes ; and though we were well
dod with wraps and kept constant
motion, we were unable to keep \
Notwithstanding all this, howcvei
felt amply rewarded for our p
waiting ; for never as long as we
can the glorious scene y?iih?fei-SQ*
itself to us as the sun/Wcnt dow
anything else than a bonder and
.se^e-akabk. ^J&Hfescent to the
was accomplished in double-quick
and the comforts of a good fire a
warm supper soon made us forgel
wintry air without.
The next morning soon after daj
I was aroused by the noise of p
getting up Wo see the sun rise"
with the recollection of what I had
the evening before still fresh in
mind, I felt for the moment tempt
follow their example ; but on tu
reflection I remembered that I
always preferred sunset to sunrise,
concluded to let it rise without
T had reason to congratulate m
afterwards on my decision, whei
Englishman, who was one of the u?
tunates, told me that it was "rt
quite a tidy affair' but that he ne
froze to death before he could get
1 would be glad to give some ace
of other very interesting excurs
which we made in the Rhone Valley
well as of our passage over the m<
tains in a carriage to the Laki
Lucerne, but the length of this lc
has already far exceeded my first in
tion, and 1 must bring it to a cl
We will remain in Switzerland a xi
or ten days longer, and then gc
Strasburg. From there we will pr<
bly go down the Rhine as far as
logue, and then across to Paris. ]
haps from that city I may in
you with a renewal of this corresf
dence. T. B. G
GUITEAU'S STATE MEN
The Conception of the Crime.
'My conception of the idea of retE
ing the President was this: Mr. Co
ling resigned on Monday, May
1881. On the following Wednesday
was in bed. ? think I retired about
o'clock. I felt depressed and perpju.
on account of the political situati
and I retired much earlier than usi
I felt wearied in mind and body, J
I was in my bed about 9 o'clock, ?
was thinking over the political situati
when the idea flashed through my br
that if the President was out of thc v
everything would go better. At fi
this was a mere impression, It start
mc, but the next morning it came
me with renewed force, and I began
read the papers with my eyes on
possibility that thc President woi
have to go, and the more I saw I
complication of public affairs, the m<
was I impressed with the necessity
removing bim. This thing continu
for about two weeks. I kept readi
the papers and kept beiog impressc
and thc idea kept bearing and beari
and bearing down upon me that t
only way to unite the two factions
the Republican party and save the B
public from going into the hands of t
rebels and Democrats was to quiet
remove the President.
'There was quite a large crowd
ticket purchasers afc the gentlcmei
ticket office in the adjoining room ; t!
depot seemed to be quite full of peopl
There was quite a crowd and comm
tion around, and the President was ,
the act of passing from the ladies' roo
to the main entrance through the doo
I should say he was about four or ?u
feet from the door nearest the ticket o
fice, in the act of passing through tl
door to get through the depot to tl
cars. He was about three or four fe?
from the door. I stood five or six fe?
behind him, right in the middle of tb
room, and as he was in the act of wall
ing away from me I pulled out the rc
volver and fired. He straightened u
and threw his head back, and sccme
to be perfectly bewildered. Ile did uc
seem to know what struck him. I look
ed at him ; he did not drop ; I thereup
on pulled again. He dropped his head
seemed to reel, and fell over. I do no
know where the fir;t shot hit; I aime<
at the hollow of his back ; I did not ain
for any particular place, but I knew i
I got these two bullets in his back h<
would certainly go. I was in a diago
nal direction from the President, to thc
northwest, and supposed both shot*
Never send an article for publication
without giving thc editor thy name, foi
thy name oftentimes secures publication
to worthless articles.
Thou shouldst not rap at the door of
a printing office ; for he that answereth
the rap snecreth in his sleeve and
Never do thou loaf about, nor knock
down the type, or the boys will love
thee as they do the shade tree-when
Thou shouldst never read thc copy
on the printer's case or the sharp and
hooked container thereof, or he may
knock thee down.
Never inquire of the editor for news,
for behold it is his business to give it
to thee at the appointed time without
asking for it.
It is not right that thou shouldst ask
him the author of an article, for it is
his duty to keep such things unto him?
When thou dost enter his office, take
heed uuto thyself that thou dost not
look, at what may concern thee uot,
for that is not meet in the sight of good
Neither examine thou tho proof
I sheet, for it i's not ready for thine eye,
; thou mayest understand.
Prefer thine own town paper to any
other, and subscribe for it immediately.
Pay for it in advance, and it will be
well with thee and thine.
Beware thou dost not ask thc printer
for a paper whilst at press, lest he
THE YORKTOWN MONUMENT.
[From the JSews and Courier.']
The Yorktown Monument, from the
point of view of sentiment, is intended
to convey, in architectural lauguage, the
idea set forth iu the dedicatory inscrip?
tion, that by the victory at Yorktown
the independence of the United States
of America was achieved, or brought to
The four sides of the base contain :
First, an inscription dedicating the
monument as a memorial cf the victory;
second, an inscription presenting a suc?
cinct narrative of the siege, prepared in
accordance with the original archives in
the department of State; third, the
treaty of alliance with the King of
France ; and fourth, the treaty of peace
with tbc King of England. In thc
pediments over these four sides respect?
ively are presented, carved in relief;
First, emblems of nationality ; second, j
emblems of war; third, emblems of
the alliance ; and fourth, emblems of
The base is thus devoted to the his?
torical statement ; it explains the subse?
quent incidents of the monumental com?
position, which are intended solely to
appeal to the imagination. The imme?
diate result of thc historical events
written upon the base was the hap?
py establishment of a national union
of thirteen youthful free and inde?
pendent States. To celebrate this
joyful union the sculptor has represent?
ed upon the circular podium which aris?
es from thc base a solemn dance of
thirteen typical female figures hand in
hand, encircling the drum, which bears
upon a belt beneath their feet the
words "One country, one constitution,
one destiny." It is a symbol of the
birth of freedom.
The column which springs from this
podium may be accepted as the symbol
of the greatucss and prosperity of the
nation after a century of varied experi?
ence, when thirty-eight free and inde- ?
pendent States arc shining together in j
mighty constellation. It is the tri?
umphant sign of the fulfilment of the
promise-an expression of thc strength
and beauty of the Union ; but the pow?
erful nation docs not forget the remote
beginning of its prosperity, and, in the
midst of its shinning stars, bears aloft
the shield of Yorktown covering the
branch of Peace.
As the cxisteucc of thc nation is a
proof of the possibility of a government
of the people, by the people, for the
people, thc column thus adorned culmi?
nates with Liberty-hcrself, star crown?
ed, and welcoming the people of all
nations to share equally with us the
fruits of our peace and prosperity.
The principal dimensions of the mon?
ument, taken from thc drawing and
model in the posscsion of Col. \V. P.
Craighill, Engineer Corps, United
States Army, who, by direction of the j
Secretary of War, will supervise its cou- j
btruction. divided for the purpose of a J
plain understanding by the reader into; i
1, thc 'Base;1 2, the 'Podium," or!
drum supporting the thirteen danc?
ing figures; 3, the 'Shaft,' or upright
column : 4, thc 'Capital,' resting direct?
ly on the final course of tho column ; 5,
thc 'Pedestal,' which supports thc fig?
ure surmounting thc monument ; and 6,
the 'Figure,' arc in height as follows:
Base, 25 feet 8 iuches ; podium, 14
feet 4 inches; shaft, 35 feet 1 inch ;
capital, 5 feet 4 inches ; pedestal, 3 feet
9 inches ; figure, ll foot 4 inches :
making tho total height from thc
bottom of thc base, renting on tho
surface of the ground, to the top of thc
figure, 95 feet 0 iuches. The bottom
of the base covers a surface area of
944,56 feet. The area for inser? otious
square inches. Thc greatest; diameter
of the podium is 0 feet 3 inches, the
height of thc thirteen figures surround?
ing thc podium is eight feet. The
diameter of thc shaft at the bottom, 5
feet 5 inches, and at thc top 5 feet.
The inscriptions on the base of the
monument are io be as follows :
In pursuance of
A resolution of Congress, approved October
27, 1781, and one approved June 7 18S0,
To commemorate thc victory
The Independence of the United States of
America was achieved.
I-- f . ?mjH.
At Yorktown, on Oeto^er"Ty7 * <
After a siege of nineteen days.
By 5,500 Americans, 7,000 French infantry of
the Line, 3',500 Militia, under command of
Governor Thomas ?>"e!son, and 36 French
Ships of the Line,
Commander of the British forces at Yorktown
and Gloucester, Surrendered the Array,
7,251 officersand men. 810 seamen, 244 cannon
and 24 Standards,
To his Excellency George Washington,
Commander in-Chief of the combined forces of
America and France;
To his Excellency the Comte de Rochambeau,
Commanding the Auxiliary troops of his
Christian Majesty in America,
And to his Excellency the Comte de Grasse, !
Commanding-in-Chief tho Naval Army cf
France in Chesapeake.
Concluded February ? "78,
Between tlie fni ted States i. merka
And Loui? XVI, King oi I?, 'ace,
The essential and direct end
Of the present Defensive Alliance
Is to maintint) effectively !
Thc Liberty, Sovereignty ?nd Independence,
Absolute and Unlimited, I
Of the said United States, i
As well in matters of Government as-of Com?
The Provisional Articles of Peace.
Concluded November 30, 17S2,
And the Definite Treaty of Peace,
Concluded September 3, 1783,
Between the United States of America
And George III,
King of Great tfritian and Ireland,
His Britannic Majesty acknowledges the said
United States, vis:
New Hampshire, Massachselts Bay
Rhode Islan.i and Providence Plantations,
Connecticut, New York, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Yirginia,
North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia
Free and Sovereign and Independent States
UL? ? - - o- tkL? i
Advertising That Paid.
Johnny Manning, the Sheriff of Dead?
wood. D. T was in St Louis on busi?
ness, an?^nT remembered that ayear be?
fore a St. Louis man had been up to
Deadwood and left owing a nun several'
hundred dollars, which was fco be paid
as soon as he got home. Manning met
the man in St. Louis, and he said he
would hand him the money next day,
but the day passed on and the money
did not come, though the man was am?
ply abie to pay. So one morning Man?
ning inserted a personal in a newspaper
to thc effect that if the man who left
Deadwood between two days did not pay
the money he forgot to pay before night
the whole circumstances wcuid bc pub?
lished next day. The notice was signed
'John Manning, Sheriff of Deadwood,'
Before 9 o'clock a young man called at
Manning's hotel and said he had come
to pay twenty-two dollars he had bor?
rowed to go out of Deadwood. Manning
found out who the money was borrowed
from, and took it to carry to the Dead?
wood citizen, remarking that he was not
the man referred to, but it was a mighty
mean Sheriff who would not carry money
to a friend. The next man to call was
the one he wanted, and he paid the
money and apologized, and begged the
Sheriff to say nothing about it. During
the day seven citizens of St. Louis called
on Manning and paid- him money for
citizens of Deadwood, believing the
Sheriff had reference to them in his no?
tice ; and after he had gone away another
citizen called and asked the clerk for
! M an nins:, but the clerk said thc other
fellows had all been there and pam up,
and this mau had belter keep his money.
The Sheriff said he always thought ad?
vertising paid, but he never had it de?
monstrated to his satisfaction before.
"Mark Twain's" New Hotel.
The following "items" in relation
to Mr. Twain's new investment arc
RULES AND REGULATIONS OF MY "HASH?
1. This house will bc strictly in?
temperate, and no questions asked. |
2. Nono but thc brave deserve a |
bill of fare.
3. Persons ewing bills for board
will be bored for bills
-1. Boarders who do not wish to
pay in advance are requested to ad?
vance and pay.
5. Boarders are respectfully re?
quested to wait until the cook cooks
0. Sheets will be nightly changed
once in every six months, or more if
7. All regular boarders are earnest?
ly requested to pull off all their boots j
regularly, if they can conveniently
do so, before retiring for the night.
S. All moneys and other valuables
i arc to be left in charge of theproprie
j tor, without cost. Tin's he insists
1 upon, as he will be held responsible
I for no losses on any account.
9. ln.'ds, with or without bugs or
ileus, if preferred.
10. Inside and outside matter will
never be furnished newspaper men,
under any consideration-excepting
reporters-who will bc always kept
11. Single men, with their families,
will never be "taken in."
12. Night Marcs-Single fare, $1
13. Stone vaults for snoring board?
U. Children without families prc
, fe rrcd.
Professor Huxley says that "the living
! body is a synthesis of innumerable
j physiological elements, each of which
! may bo described in Wolff's language
j as a Said possessed of a visesscutialis
i and a solidescibilitas, or, in modern
i phrase, as protoplasm susceptible of
j structural metamorphosis and function?
al metabolism.' That's precisely what
we have been maintaining
j Three Kussian Bishops who were
: condemned to solitary i inprisons cut by
thc Czar Nicholas, in 1856, have just
? been released, after a conSnement of
j twenty-live years. They enter a dirfer
cnt world than that they left, and will
j never be able to supply the awful hiatus
I in their lives They will never be able
to catch up, nor to fully understand
thc change. Writing of this fact the
New York Times says :
To them Napoleon Iii. is still Em?
peror of the French. They know noth?
ing of thc Franco-Prussain war, noth?
ing of Italian 3nd German unity, of the
dismemberment of Turkey, of papal in?
fallibility, nothing of our civil war, of
S3??jS? of the Suez Canal. Bis?
Grant are to them mere names^??*^^
sonalities. A quarter of a century,
big with events which will have their
influence in shaping thc world's history
for centuries to como, has been dropped
out of their lives.
Mrs. Abraham .Lincoln.
Mrs. Lincoln has signified iisr inten?
tion of leaving Springfield, lil., io a
few days for a winter s visit to St. Cath?
arines, Canada, where she will put her?
self under the care of prominent physi?
cian and medical advisers. This stay
has only been decided on within a (cw
days, and is caused by the fact that her
health has shown no signs of material
improvement sioce her return from
France. She makes her home with tho
Hon. Ninian Edwards, her brother-in
law, and has the most careful and deli?
cate attention at the han-ds of her rela?
tives and friends with whom she is
The Edgcficld people have a new way
of going fishing. They buy out a
pond, draw the water off and then cap?
ture all the finny tribe to be found. A
party of forty, paying each a dollar,
bought out a pond last week-drained
it, and caught ?8?0 pounds of fish
among tkem being sixty-six splendid
A correspondent cf the Philadelphia
Ledger says that ''Llanfairpwichguuya
gcrgobwichllandyssiliogogo,' the name
of a Welsh parish, is pronounced as if
written thus : 'Thlanvirepoolchgwin
gergcboolcl>thhr?disilig.ogo,, bat the
majority of the peopfe will keep rigbt
along pronouncing it as .ii is spelled.
In publishing the acts of fhe Missis?
sippi Legislature recently, the laws got
slightly mixed with parts of an anti
Baptist book tnat was Being set up by
the same printer. The following was
the result: "Be it estrcted by the Sen?
ate and House of Representatives of the
State of Mississippi, bap means to*
put under the -?ater, and tizo means to
to take out.-Evangelist.
There is an awful state of affairs in a'
little Michigan town where a type-setter
substituted the word 'widows' for 'win
dows.' The editor wrote:- 'Thc win?
dows of the church need washing badly.
The}* are too dirty for any use, and are'
a disgrace to our village.'-Pittsburg
Sir James Hogg made a fortune ia
lud?a, and his wife, holding a distin?
guished place in London fashionable
circles, gave splendid parties. It is
said that a young blood, meeting one of
thc Misses Hogg at a ball, and not
knowing her name, asked her if she
was going to a certain party at the 'pig?
gery.' Her naive reply was : 'Oh, I
am one of the litter.-Evening Post.
'You make me think,'John Williams
said, dropping on a sofa beside a pretty
girl last Sunday evening, 'of a bank
whereon the wild thyme grow.' 'Do IV
she murmured ; it is so nice, but that is
pa's step in tho hall, and unless you'
can drop out of the front window before
I cease speaking, you'll have a wild
time with him, my own, for he loves
you not.' His decent was rapid.-Detroit
It is said now that India can grow
better tea than China, and 45,000,000
pou-nds of India tea have been imported
into England since the importation bo?
gan in ?S60. Over 200,000 acres ia
India are now planted in tea, represent?
ing an investment of ??15.000,000, and
giving employment to over a quarter cf
a million people'.
There is a noan cn enc of thc Lake Eric
islands who snores so regularly and casts
such vim and earnestness into his snoring,
that pilots ase him as a guide by which to
steer their steamers through the locality orr
dark nights. There i* a movement on foot to
induce the government to salary bira as ir
The Iowa State .agricultural Society has
o?Vred a premium of $20 to any young cou?
ple in the State who will consent to be mar?
ried in public under a large floral bell at its
coming fair. There is to be no entrance fee*
charged for this premium, and President Por?
ter offers to provide the license and pay the
preacher out of hVs own pocket, and to fur?
nish a clergyman of any desired denomination
or a Judge or a Justice of the Peace to tie the
--M? i ? a-' -
The Dallas Herald says that there are still
living sixtem of the forty generals that Texas
furnished to thc war. The paper does net
state where the other 294.608 generals now re?
siding in that State got their title, but they
are probably distinguish, d gentlemen who '
moved there since the close of the rational
misunderstanding. In that State a common
i citizen feels lonely surrounded by so much
An Arkansas mau went to church last Sun
.lay tor thc first time in his life. Themini ter
announced through thc local paper that he
would discourse on '-Lost Sheep." and the
man hoped to gain some information rcgard
incr a sir'av ram of his.
Oh: skirt ! beautiful skirt !
Jerked through the dust and dragged through
the dirt !
Once you were white
As thc mantle of snow.
As the leaves of thc lily
When the spring zephyrs blow.
Stiff to the touch and fair to thc eye ;
Seat to the gaze of each passer-by : .
Now tattered and spattered
Oh ! piteo-as wrong,
They made YOU too ?om