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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, November 01, 1881, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1881-11-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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XEtB SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April, IS50.
"Be Just and Fear not?Let all tne Ends thon
Consolidated Aug. 2, 1SS1.1
SUMTER, S. GM
k III S?atrjnnaa s? jmm.
m Published every Tuesday,
?by tee?
WWatckman and Southron Pitb??sJdng
*> Company,
SUMTER, S. C
terms:
Two Dollars per annum?in advance.
a3tertisem2xts.
One Square, first insertion.SI 00
fivery subsequent insertion...... 50
Contracts for three months, or longer will |
be made at reduced rates.
All coramnnications which subserve private
interests will he charged for as advertisements, j
Obituaries and tributes of respect will be |
charged for.
Marriage notices and not ices of deaths pub
lished free.
For job work or contracts for advertising
address Watchman and Soi?hron, or aoply at
t&e Office, to N. G. OSTEEN,
Business Manager.
THE PLANTATION KNOWN A3 AN
DERSONVILLE, in Charleston County,
eighteen miles above Moon: Pleasant, most
desirably and beautifully situated on c?f
"Wee Bay, with a good landing for ves
sels of 4 to 6 feet draf?. The place is quite
healthy, with Ssh asd game in abundance,
and the soil quite productive, being adapted
to both Cotton and provisions. The finest
-quality of Long Staple Cotton has been grown j
upon it. It contains between eight and nine
?Hindred acres, a large part of which is well
wooded and timbered. The place is in need
of repairs : but it has on it a dwelling house,
in good condition, aDd som* out-buildings. !
To a good tenant, who will obligate to put j
the place in order, a favorable lease will be j
given; or if preferred it will be sold for a j
fair price.
For further particulars appl v to
N. G." OST E EN,
_Sumter, S. C. |
FARM PORTENT.
ADESIRABLY SITUATED FARM, about
seven miles from Sumter. Will be
let to a good tenant at a reasonable rent.
For further information apply at this office.
Oct. 4 _ !
ni?I wiini am Minn im im il m I I i um m |
F. H. FOLSOM, ~~l7w.~F0LS0M.
F.H.F0LS?G1 &BSIQ.;
luctive-born Sum?cn?ans.
225
CD
CD
Practical Watcbnakers and Jewelers,
Main- Street, oj>posite John field's,
DKALKltS IN
GOLD AND PLATED JSWSLIIY,
.Spectacles, Silver as/1 PIsteS. "S^re,
1 FISHING TACKLE,
Seizing 2f<zcliinc Kcedles, dh, Etc
General Repairing done at Conscientious
Prices.
Give us a call and be conv inced.
Oct 25_3m
"Gr* JB? rJL\
B?fllffll?Ifi
This Remedy offers a Safe Cure for
Epilepsy, Fits. Convulsions, Incipient Coma,
Paralyssi, Nervous Debility, Brain Ex
citement, Insanity in many forms,
and in all cases where the Drain
or Nervous System has oecn
Disturbed.
It tranquilizes the Brain, and removes dis
orders of obstinate standing, ?t. restores the
mind, removes Nervousness, feeds new pow
r,-tones up the Brain, invigorates Digestion
and the General Health, and imparti strength
to the exhausted Mental and Physical 'Or
gans, iianafactured only by
WI. A. GIBSOH.
DRUGGIST,
Corner of King and Qi:ccn Streets,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
PEICS PEE BOTTLE, $2.00
W. A. Gibson, Esq., Druggist, Charleston,
S. C.?DenrSir: Siuce my daughter, look
the first dose of your medicine you sent her
?he has no: had one fit. Before that she used
to have them every day, at least one, and as
. many as two, three, six'and nine a day, for
the pasteight years. Words cannot express
our joy and delight over the wonderful action
of your medicine on her whole system. Wc
cheerfully recommend those afflicted to trv it.
Mes. C. BASELDEN, Adams Run. S. C.
Mr. Wca. A. Gibson, Druggist, Charleston.
S. C.?Dear Sir: Your medicine has acted
like a. charm on my son, who has been afflict
ed %ith Epileptic Fits for over sis y errs. The
raedieioal effect has been a source of joy ar d
happiness, as he has not hcA one ?? "eight
usontbs. H. M. MAG WOOD.
No. 4 Franklin st., Charleston, S. C.
Mr. Wm. A. Gibson, Druggist, Cor. King
and Queen Sts.: This is to certify that my
vpjgt haSf^rn suffering for years with Epilep*
tfc^isjN?fch an extent that i could never
l^Sr&it-v atone without a gre?u deal of anxie
ty. Many times I had to leave her in charge
of my store, but not until I would administer
- to her a dose of your medicine, that i would
feel safe to leave her. And now she is perfect
ly well, having had no return of fits since.
And while I Gie the remedy I consider it a
jsTalm to her, and advise any one who suffers
/rom Nervousness or Epileptic Fits to used it
once and be res;oi?d to health.
G??fAV JACOBY,
' Oct 25 _-:iri? |g Charleston, S. C._
.PAVILION HOTEL,
CHARLSST05, S. C.
.rpHIS POPULAR- AND CENTRALLY
1 located HOTEL having beec entirely
m renovated during the past Summer is now
*Teadv for the reception u: the traveling public.
P?ou?ar prices $2 and 2.50 per day.
Special rates for Commercial Travelers,
a E. T. GAILLARD,
I Oct 25 Proprietor.
rjirPEEINTSNDBKT'S OHIO'S,
O NORTHEASTERN RAILROAD CO.
Charleston, S. C, Oct. 4, ISSi.
- On ?*d ?fie?- this date the following Seuu
?ule will be ruu.
'^ieave Charleston. Arrive Florence.
' ? 7 45 a. m.12 35 I', it.
5 50 p. : :.2 :>'> a
-\ S 15 p..1 30 a. ii.
Leave Charleston. Arrive Florcuce.
3 20 a. m.1 30 a. ;t.
% 1 00 p. m.5 45 p m
- 12 01 a. m.b 15 a. j:.
Train leaving Florence at ' > 20 a. m.
j?ot st on for way pusscn gers.
J. F. DIVINE, Gen ; SupL
P. L. CLEAPOR Gen 1. Tickvt Agent.
WILMINGTON, COLUMBIA AND
AUGUSTA R. R.
OX and after May t?th. 1SS1, the following
schedule will be run on this Road :
night ex7ress and mail train, (Dally )
(Nos. 47 West and 43 East.)
Leave Wilmington...10 05 p in
Arrive ft? FRreaee.. 2 25 a m
Leave Florence... 2 40 a m
Leave Sumtcr. 4 OS a in
Arrive at Columbia. 6 Oy a ui
Leave Columbia.10 00 p m
Leave Sumter.12 CS a is
Arrive tit Florence. 1 4i) a m
Leave Florence.- 2 00 a m
Arrive 31 Wilmington... 8 20 a m
This Train stops only at Brinklpy's, White,
viile, F?cmmgton, Fair PI off, .Marion, Fl-.rer.of,
Timmoasvi'de. M-jyesville, Sais ter, Catnden
Junction and Fastover.
through frk?crt train.
Daily, except Sundays.
Leave Florence._.12 25 a m
L?avo Sumtcr . 3 13 a ic
Arrive at Columbia. 0 25 a m
Leave Columbia. 5 00 p m
Leave Su?.tcr-._- S 20 p m
Arrive .it Florence.l? !0 p ni
local freight? (Daisy except Sunday.)
Leave Florence. '6 50 n tu
Ai rive at Sumter? Lie over. 7 50 p m
Leave Sumter. 7 30 a tu
Arrive at Colombia.11 00 a m
Leave Co?ua?da. 3 15 a m
Arrive at Sun-.tar?Lie over. S Ol? p tn
Leave Sa inter. 6 00 a m
Arrive ac f lorenco. .12 00 m
A. POPE, G. P. A.
JOGS' F. DIVINE. General Sup't._
CHERAW AND DARLINGTON ARD CHERAW
AMD SALISBURY RAILROADS.
PRESIDENT'S OFEICE,
Society Hill, S. C., May 23, 1SS1.
OX AND AFTER T1??S DATE. TRAINS
on tnesc Roads will run as follows,?every
except Sunday.
Leave W?^J?sboro... S 40 ? in
Leave Bennett's. 9 00 a ?a
Leave Murren. 5 15 a ta
Leave m'-Parian. y 35 a m
Leave Cheraw.... 10 15 a ta
Leave Society Hill. 10 50 a ta
Leave Durlitigton. 11 35 a m
Arrive at Florence.12 10 p ui
cp. .
Leave Florence. 12 iO p tn
Leave Darlington. 1 2? p m
Leave oociety ilili. 2 10 p m
Arrive at Chcraw. 2 50 p ui
Arrive at Wadesboro. 4 15.p ni
Tee freight train will leave Florence at 6 30 A
M even- day except Sundays making the round
trip to Choraw every day, and to Wadcsburo :?s
often as may be ncnssaiy?keeping out of the
way of passenger train
D D TOWNSKND. President.
Scuili Carolina Railroad,
CHANGE OF SCHEDULE.
ON ASP A FT EU OCTOBER 16th. 1SS?.
Passenger Trains on Camden Bra mm will
run as follows, until further notice:
east to c?'3!A?daily except scndays.
Leave Catuden.. 7 40 a :u
Leave Camde? .1 unction. 'S'45 am
Am?v? at Columbia.11 00 am
west fr"Ji COMtyBlA?3A?IA" excstt M;NI>AYS.
Leave Columbia. 5 15 a ai... 6" HO p tn
.-, rrive 0;.md?"? Junction; ? 10 s as... 7 4:> p nt
Arrive ac Caiadea. 1 If' p m... S 45 p m
east 7.? charleston an?> a t:C! csta.
(Daiiy except Sundays.J
Lt-avc Camden. 3 ? C p m
Leave Cam ion June'. 5 37 p tn
Arrive at iM-.nrleslori. iO 30 p a\
Arrive at Augasm. 7 40 am
WEST f?toM c??ap.LESTnX AKO A cg ESTA.
t?>a??y except Sundays.)
Leave Charleston. 0 30 am
Leave Ai'gusta. 7 00 p :-:
Arrive Catndea June'.11 i.O a m
Arrive, at Calden. 1 20 p in
connect:. >ns.
Columbia an? Greenvi?ie Railroad both way?,
for a?! piiinrs on that Road and on the Spar
tapourg. Union and Columbia anil Spartimbnrg
and Ashvi?c Railroads; als?? with the Ch-r
itit:e. Columbia and Augusta Railroad to c?<?
from ai; p?dhts Nortis by trains leaving Camdeu
at 7 40 a m, and arriving at S 40 p :o.
Cot?nerti??i:s nmdo at Aogus'a t ? all poiats
v?.Tes.t and Soutli ; als-? at Chnrl?.-con with
Steamers for ^'cvv Y-^rii and rii^idd?on Wed
r.esdavs and Saturdav'S
Or. Saturdays KO?XD TRIP TICRKTS are
s??'.d ty and from all St::ii->::s .:t one first class
fare for the r-rund trip ?tickers bein? j^oud tiii
Monday no-.a. to j-e'urn. Kxeursion tickeis
good for 10 days are regularly on sale to and
from all stations at o cents per mile f r roaad
trip.
THROUGH TICKETS to all points, can be
puroa-ssed bv applying to James Joncs; Agent
;u Calden. ' D. C. ALLEX,
Gct;er:il p;>s.-ongcr and Ticket Agent.
JOHN D. p^ck, GooeraiSu^'r,
Charle.-tor;. S. O
Colombia and Grcsnville Hail Soa?.
pA<sEX;.Lii llpakxxe:;;,'
Colemsia. S. C. a.j-ust 3?. l^S:
ON AND AFTER THURSDAY. Svptombt r
!>:, toSl, P:i>?C:-^er Trains iv?: run ::s
Ijv-rowi?h :i?-i:ea??d, up->n this n>ad and its
bra-.t-iits?Ua?y cxccjit Sotid:iy.> :
Nir. 12 Up Passenger.
Leave Columbia (A). 1J 20 a m
Lv.ive A-f#R?a. .12 26 v m
Leave Nev;l?rry. 1 2i p m
Leave iL. "gts...... Z 52 p ra
Leave L;. lr..;, . . 5 v5 i, m
Arrive at Greenville.. . o 27 p m
N?>. 43 Dt?w? Passenger.
Lcr.ve Greet:vi;{e at.! ; 33 a a:
Leave Lei: >n.11 57 a m
Leave Ijodjr-.s. 1 -'2 p :a
Lea-, e Neivberry. 3 -;7 p in
Leave Alsti.n. -! p m
Arrive at Columbia (I-'). 5 p in
Sr^il'jAND'.'J.'C, U.m' n A fvi.EJIitlA II. R.
No. 42 Up l'a?seagcr.
Leave Alston.*.. 12 AV, p m
Leave Spartan barg, S U ? 0 Dcp-i (U) 4 G3 p u:
Arrive Spartanbarg ii l: i> D^t:oL (E) 4 12 p m
No. Vi D??w?j Passoitger.
Leave >p::rtanb?;rg U <* D i>ep -t (-H) ^ ?Sp m
Leave Spartanbuig S U ^ C l>cpot (G) I i!7 p m
Leave Union. 2 36 p m
Arrive at Aistet;. 4 3^ p tu
LantENS It ml RoAi?.
Leave Ncvfberry. 3 55 p m
Arrive at L-:ur. t:s C- ii.; ? ''5 p ni
Leave La^rcas C. ?i -. S a at
Arrive at Ncwbeny.11 30 a m
abbeville LiCA^cii
Leave Hodges. 3 5G p u.
Arrive at Abbeville. 4 40 ui
Leave Ai^.oviLe..J3 ?5 p =
Arrive at liodg?.*?^. 1 05 ? m
Lluk Lanes P. R. * Anj?e:cson D::.\Nca.
Leave i?e?ton. 5 p m
Leave Anders :>.?. ^ ' '' 1''1!
L?:ave Pe?oi?eton. fi -l! P
Leave >^vic:i ( :). 7 20 p m
Arrive at Waibal?a. ?" I >>'
Leave Waiha?ia. . 23 a ui
Leave Seueca (I>). ;? ^
Leave Pm.dicton.1<! 3<> a a.
Leave Anderson.-.H 12 a m
Arrive at Leiten..!1 ^ a ^
On and after above- date through car- will be
run i.etivec:: Coiumnia and iieiiders^n;:.'; witbo
out e;:;:::gc
Co.NNECTtO.N'S.
A?"With Soi?Ii CaroLas lload^from
CLarlesion ; ;vs'b '.riimington 0<d?atibia ? Au
?:isra It 1[ fr :>.- V^il-tningtoii .'!r-? all poir.:s north
Usereof: with : LariotteT C-dntiibia ? Augusta
Pal! Roa.d fr-.i.i Charlotte and pvinis ?orth
thereof.
];_-Vitb Asb'-vi:!:: ? Sj'itrtaL.barg Rail Road
for :/' !: '. ; in ;Vester!) N. 0.
C-Witb A. .? C. Div. it ?> D. p.. p. for all
; :'.!; S^uib titid V.'cst.
:?__\V:t:^ \. ,v C. :;lv. p. <i D. it. p. ffout At
?.in?a ;:nd beyond:
E?AVsti: A i C. i i". R. ? I.'- p. R. iWa::
pv>i;:ts S'>urii ? V^'est
F? W'ith Sviu.'j Car-diria Unit tload for Ci<ar
lesion : will; "A"; ming'.ort; Coiu-iib::* Augus5a
Kail it'for V/?iaiagton and the Nortli v> i li
Chiirlaitc; Co?amb?-: ,i Augusta Uni! Poad Sot
Caarbitio and laid f b.
tj ? V? iri: Asi? ?'i Sv^:rias*/virg Rail duad
f: o:a 1 i:.dc Konv : I ?o
R?With a. *i C. Div. p. 6 D. p.P. from
ebariotts i h-:\'.-> ?.
Stan.-L.-'i ti:-.e r..*f? is Wa:h:r:gV;r. ??. C.
iva-eh is fifteen minuiis faster *!: : :! Coiuiabia.
J. W. i LtY, Sup't.
A. POPE, Ce""*"-' *?*?;cui5cr ?-p1-'"1
.1: -i". IftSi; lU
The SftOirdrcp.
I was a school-girl, glad ami free,
w"ho laughed, at loyers' sighs.
And he, the clergyman's stately son.
So earnest and so wise,
naif-frightened me whene'-ar I heard
Him gently speak my name,
Nor woulu I answer when he talked
Of books, and wealta, and ??ma.
One night a lovely snowdrop foil
From oat my looseneu hair,
And with a sigh he quickly stoopea
And placed the blossom fair
Upon his breast; ? tamed away
To hide the sudden start
That thrilled along each quivering pulse
And woke my slumoermg hears.
The snowdrop fade?, hut his hand
Had touched the master-key,
And ail along my girlhood's path
Hung love's sweet mystery,
^o more I laughed at lovers' sighs,
But on his throbbing breast
I Biryiy hid my blushing fucp
And ail my love confessed
Far well Thompson was the first prisoner
to answer to the oall of the Leil Hs had
hie coat and vest on his arm, and he at once
proceeded io observe:
" Say, Judge, I want io see the man wlio
calls that den in there the cooior! Cooler!
V?hy, sir, it is hotter thau six old-fashioned
Dutch ovens rolled into onel I be?ievo I
Lave lost tea. pounds of ?esk since dark last
night, atid I never slept a wink until after
daylight."
" You shouldn't have got there," was the
reply.
"Wa^I to blame?"
"I presume so. You are down cn the re
cords as being dead drunk You couldn't
have reached thai condition without know
ing all about it"
" Judge, I waut to explain. I am au ex
perimentalist."
"Yes."
" I set out yesterday morning to, experi
ment ou the human system. It wa* a red
hot day, ami I wanted to see what particu
lar drink would soonest cool the blood. I
- first took plaia whisky. Thousands of men
drink whisky iu winter to keep wann, and
in summer to keep cool. It's au infernal
guide. In ten minutes after taking whisk}",
twelve degrees had boon added to the heat
of iny system. I then tried brandy, gin,
lager, wine, and Tom and Jerry, but none
of them had a cooling ' effect. While the
thermometer stood at 90 degrees iu the
shade, I stood 125, and about dark' I suc
cumbed, Judge, don't yon drink spirits on a
hot day?"
"Was that the end of your experi
ments ? "
"Yes, for that day. I was intending io
start out to-day and try lemonade, ginger
ale, soda water, root beer, pop,, half-and
half and Congress water, and on tha next
day I would be able to give the worid tbo
benefit of my experience."
;ti sometime try tittle experiments here,"
remarked his Honor, as he gazed thir.-t-:iy at
the water-cooler. "I'd like to see what ef
fect thirty days iu the workhouse would
have on your system."
"I believe it iouid kill me, sir. Facti
all physicians have warned me io keep out
iu the open air."
" Well, I'm going to put you there, and I
jkiuk you'll be astonished at the beneficial
results."
But I can't go."
"But you'll have to."
He said he'd die right there aDd then,
but he didn't. In five minutes he had fin
ished Bijah's lunch, and was feeling in hap
py spirits?Detroit Free 2V?&?.
A L?VJLM'
Sir. Cheney, a farmer of Indiana, Laving
a married daughter ?ving in Nebraska, was
shocked by a telegram from her husband
saying that her body would arrive iho next
evening. Th$ family was overcome with
the fciiddon blow. Hurried preparations for
mourning garments and the preliminaries
to the funeral were made, and, on tho dis
mal evening, dressed all in black, they went
to the station to meet the corpse. The
hearse and two or three carriages were
drawn up in line, and a numerous crowd,
attracted partly by curiosity, partly by sym
pathy, . accompanied the bereaved house
hold. As the train approached a solemn
siioi.ee settled \:pcu the assembly, and as it
stopped there was a respectful hush until
the cere;r:cuy of receiving the corpse was
concluded. But the train hands did not
shave ' this feeling. The baggage-master
pitched his trunks about and swore a; brisk
ly as over, and just, as if apart of his load
was not of a character to call for decorous
behavior.
The conductor came upon tho platform
langhing and trying to joke with the station
agent's daughter, who told him he ought to
be ashamed to carry ou that way at stich a
time. In the meanwhile the long and nar
row box which so quickly tells its story had
not made its appearance, and after a pain
ful delay, Mr. Cheney stepped forward and
asked for the corpse. Tho baggage-man
Stared at him as if ho were crazy, and mak
ing :to reply, went on overhauling the
trunks, as if it might be under them some
where. Suddenly Mr. Cheney felt an arm
about his neck and a kiss imprinted upon
his cheek He looked. It was his daugh
ter. The female members of his family
went into hysterics. There were shouts
and tears and laughter. Tho daughter, ap
palled at the sombre dresses, tho hearse and
cortege, was frightened almost into a faint
ing lit. She could ofier no explanation of
the telegram. She could no* say positively
whether in a moment of absent-mindedness
! her husband had actually sent tho dispatch
as received, or whether he wrote it so blind
ly that the operate* misread it. At any
rate she refused to ride home in tho hearse,
and took her place in the carriage with tho
j chief mourners.
HOW ?T Wf?XS! OFF.
In the neat of actual battle it is ;:o un
common thing for soldiers to getmo.-o loads
into their guns than they lire olr. A sol
dier who, iuter a hoi contest, had v.iu? baji
cartridges lodged in his gii'-i-b^nei which
he could not extract, was advised by a com
rade to "prime her up with dry powder
and fire her o?* a little at a time." When
ho came back from the hospital, after mak
jingthe experiment, he said: ''The gun
: went on a little at a time all right, but I am
I turc she c?ui? back tul hc once."
i The man whom you can hire to work for
i uoihiug is tho hardest kind of a man to ^ot.
On the Bay City train the other day was
j a woman with a baby about eight months
! old, and in the next seat was an old man
who couldn't sit still until he had said :
"That's a baby yon have there, isn't
it ? "
"Yes, sir."
"About a year old, isn't he?"
"Mercy, no! He's hardly eight month.3
old, yet."
4'Isn't eh? "Well, I'm the father of nine
children, but it's been so long since I'vo
seen a baby that I've forgotten how thoy
ought to look. Is ho a girl ? "
"Isb. sir; he's a boy."
"Just me, again. I never can tell ono
from 'tother. Is he party healthy ? "
"Ob, yes."
"Squall much nights? "
"Soever squalls at ali."
"Don't eh? That's the kind of a young
'an I like to see around. My Samuel did
j nothing but howl for the first two years,
Sarah was allus sick. Moses fell out of the
: eradie and broke his arm, and something or
other allus ailed every one of the lot. Have
you named this baby yet ? n
"No, sir."
"Haven't, eh? Say! "
"Yes, sir."
"S'posen you call him after nie? My
first name is Jetlerson, and they Jeff mo
for short. I've got two ten-dollar gold
pieces here for him if you want to call him
Jefferson."
"I'll do it," promptly responded the wo
man.
"That's business. He- *s the cash and
the boy is named Jefforsc, arter me. Lem
me hiss him about four times."
The baby was duly kissed and congratu
lated, and at the next station he left the
train with his mother. The old man was
tickled half to death over the matter, until
the conductor came along and asked :
" Did you pay her anything to name that
baby after you?"
"Yes?twenty dollars. lie's a clipper,
and don't you forget it?"
"And so is his mother. She's down in the
Detroit House of Correction, and the woman
who had him takes care of him for two dol
lars a week."
"N-o-a!"
" Fact."
Tbe old man's jaw fell, his eyes remained
fixed on the ceiling for a niinute, and then
he fell back in his seat with the exclama
tion :
"Chaw me! Everybody has called me a
fool for the past twenty years, and now I
know they "were right! Conductor!"
"Yes."
"Please mop the floor with mo and
break my. neck, and step on me a thousand
times, aud thon thcow the inaugied wreck
into some swamp, for I won't be no more
good in this world.?"Detroit Free Press,
These lady-patronesses of "Almack's wore
the Ladies Castlereagh, Jersey, Cowpcr and
Sefton, Mrs. Drammond Barrett, the Prin
cess ??terhazy, and the CounLtx* Litrem
The most popular among these grandes
dames wa3 unquestionably Lady Cowper.
Lady Jersey's bearing, on the contrary, was
that of a "theatrical tragedy queen," and
while attempting the sublime she made her
self simply ridiculous, being inconceivably
rude, and in her manner often ill-bred.
Lady Seston was kind and amiable ; Mme.
de Lieven haughty and exclusive.- Princess
E?terhazy was bonne enfant: Lady Casiie
reagh and Mrs. Barrett very great ladies.
Many diplomatic arts, much finesse, and a
best of intrigues were set in motion to get
an invitation to Alinauk's. Very often per
! sons whose rank and fortune entitled them
to the entree any where were excluded by iho
cliqueism of tho lady-patronesses ; for the
female government of Almack'B was a puro
dsspotism, and subject to all the caprices of
a despotic rule. It is needless to add that,
like every other despotism, it was not inno
cent to abuses.' The fair ladies who ruled
supreme over this littlo dancing and gossip
ing world; issued a solemn proclamation
j that no gentleman should appear at the as
! semblies without beiug dressed in kneo
j brooches, white cravat and chapcazc-bras.
! On one occasion the Duke of Wellington
i
i wa? ab cut- to ascend tho staircase of the
i ball-room, dressed in black trousers, when
tho vigilant Mr. Willis, the guardian of tho
establish men t, stepped ""forward and said.
''Your Grace cannot be admitted in trou
sers," wkorounon the Duke, who had a
great respect for orders aud regulations,
quietly walked away.?All ike YecrRvuncU
IT CUZlKi) AN!) KILLED.
A cotter's wife had a cow which unex
pectedly ceased to give milk. After consul
tation with her neighbors, she camo to
the conclusion that some person unknown
had cast, an evil spell upon it. To counter
act this spoil she was told she must feed
the cow with straw from the bed of a wo
man who had given birth to a child, but
bad not silice that event been in church.
She accordingly went to the village of Ska
trow, and after many inquiries, discovered
such a woman, and made a bargain for
the contents of her bed. After eatiug
this straw the cow at ouce recovered her
m?k, a perfect cure being effected. But,
mcst unfortunately, the husband- of the
woman from whom the straw was obtained,
not being warned of what had happened,
slept in the bed from which it had been ab
stracted, and he never rose from it again;
the evil spirit fell on him, he pined away,
and died. The old wife who told this sad
aud tragical talo, remarked: "If only a
car, or any other beast, had been puj
into the bed first, the spell would have
boon broken," (to the great disadvan
tage of tho cat "or other bea-rt;," I sup
pose); or, if his wife had only thought
j0 warn him of tho danger.?Notes and
O r?cs.
Friendships ouly ex:~l between people of
strong characters; the lc^nt/ubing of fool;
is a mere effeminate waste.
Tbe real dimensions of a. man consiste in
th? size of tho moral shadow be costs.
There is nothing quite so absurd as a
hobby-horse, aud yet every man has a
larger or smaller one in tho family stable.
Otto never attempts to ride it but he makes
hinuself ridiculous.
Prophets arc generally a Lvzy set of
croaiki'rs, who Lave discovered that it ia
cLj.'.jor to guess than to work.
James I). Kkynms was a patient in a pri
j vatc mad-hotise. Urs. ?k.eiow, wife ?f the
j physician in charge, took a deep interest in
; his case. She Iciieved that insanity could
! he cured by moral suasion and generally
I mild treatment! a?;d sko chose Ithymus as a
subject on which to test her system. He
steadily improved, until sanity was at last
re-established. In the meantime Urs. Bige
iow had becomo a widow. Sho soon after
ward married Ehymus, and he became a j
physician. That was twenty years ago. j
Dr. Ithymus made" insanity a specialty in j
his practice, aud had charge successively of I
many asylums. Ee adhered to the theory !
of mild treatment which had proved effica
cious in nig own case, and for the purpose
of putting it into thorough practice, he
leased, a short, time ago, tho Grand View
Hotel, near Denver, Colorado, turning it
into an asylum. In order to train his
keepers by degrees, he at first only admitted j
three patients, aud these were supposed to J
be only slightly deranged. Eut he was
mistaken in one of these, and one morning
found himself attacked by a furious mad
man, who choked him insensible, and
would have kiiied him if his wife had not
fotight heroically to free him. During the :
commotion caused by the struggle, the
two other patients escaped, and one of them
drowned herself. This bad beginning
of the enterprise drove Dr. Hhymus insane
again, and while cut of his mind he slev/
his wife.
THE POCAJ?ONTAS OAS.
Point of .Kocks, Va., is a name given to
an indefinite extent of territory, and is so
called from abrupt cliffs which jut out into
the Appomatox. It has an historic interest. I
Tho "Pociihontas Oak," a large tree, stands ;
on the point which gives name to the place, j
???ar it L the slump ^f a still larger oak, j
aud to the base of the cli? the trunk and |
limbs have fallen. Under this old tree, Po- j
cahontas is said to have savod tho life of ;
Captain John Smith, the pioneer explorer J
in early Virginia times. Accordingly, the j
relic hunters all visit the old tree, and each, j
with a chip, block or limb, walks off with
his booty. Crosses, rings and canes are
wrought from it, and shown as souvenirs of
tho Indian maiden aud chivalrous knight.
Still, it is questionable whether cither of
them ever Gaw this tree. Its site is roman- !
tic enough to have been the royal ground !
of the great Powhatan. But the historian j
informs us that this chief made his home
west of Richmond, at least twenty miles
from this oak ; and it is also more prob
able ihat Smith, after his survey >f the
Chickahominy, on which riuer ho was
takeu, came near suffering death from the
Indian's club at Powhatau's home. Betides
wo are told that tradition has claimed for
several places in Virg nia the honor of be
ing tho scene of this event, as in ancient
times seven cities claimed tho honor of be
ing the birthplace of the immortal Homer.
?riiUa. Sat. Kitfit.
USES Ol' CI?AilCOAL.
Cuar???:, laid Sat, while cold, on a burn,
causes the pain to abate immediately ; by
leaving it on for an hour, the burn scents
almost healed, when it is superficial. And
charcoal is valuable for inauy other pur
poses. Tainted meat, surrounded with it,
is sweetened; strewn over heaps of decom
posed pelts, or over dead animals, it pre
vents an unpleasant odor. Foul water is
purified by it. It is a great disinfectant and
sweetens the air if placed in trays around
apartments. It is so very porous in its
"minute interior" it absorbs aud condenses
gases most rapidly. One cubic inch of
fresh charcoal wiil absorb nearly one hun
dred of gaseous ammonia. Charcoal forms
an uurivaled poultice for malignant wounds
and sores, often corroding away dead flesh,
reducing it one-quarter in six hours. In
cases of what we call proud flesh it is inval
uable. It gives no disagreeable odor, cor
rodes no metal, hurts 410 texture, injures
no color, is a simple a^d safe sweetener
aud disinfectant. A ieospoonful of char
coal in half a glass of water often relieves a
sick headache; it absorbs the gases and
relieves the distended stomach pressing
against the nerves, which extend from the
stomach to tho head.
A CliUEh 02X?ilAL.
A correspondent of the Kcla?che Zciiu.r*g
sends from Saiouica a report of the victory
cf Dorvisch Pasha over the Albanians at the
battle of Uoskabj. which shows thai this
clever but unprincipled politician and sol
dier will not lose his reputation for cruelty.
The Albanians stood bravely for four
hours against the fearful rain ox the Turk
iah cannon. Their loss was five hundred
"dead and wounded," while tho loss of the
Turks was eighty men, thirty-nine of them
wouKded,accord:ug to the report. But it is
evident that all the Albanian wounded wore
deliberately butchered upon the field ot bat
tle, for among the wounded brought into
U?skub after the battle there was not one
single Albanian. Tho correspondeut de
clares that the same fate was mercilessly
dealt out to the few prisoners whom Dir
visch Pasha tcok during the Sight of the de
feated Albanians. Three villages were to
tally destroyed.
An illiterate preachor who, among other
falsehoods, believed that men were always
right aud women are always wrong, was
wont to declare that the five foolish virgins
who had no oil in their larups were all
J women, while the five wise virgins were all
; men.
A gentleman never forget* himself;
I oven if he gets tipsy, bo gets tipsy Lite a
j gentleman.
! TIIJS D?iAU< Tiiil l?i.C?-I^?TT?.Ii AND
There is a familiar Western story of a
I tame bear, which, seeing a blne-bcttio on
jits sleeping masicrs nose, tried in beat it
j ci? v. ilk a blow of its paw, but in the at
I tempt damaged his friend's nasal organ. A
; similar tale is to id in the "21akasa-jatalca.:'
! Iu this birth tbe Dodtiisat vas a tradesman
j who went from viiingo io viiiage to dispose
j of his wares. One day, when att-hniis'i-?o
; of a carpenter whoso head was like a cop
1 per porringer, a xtio.\;qnito alighted th-?rc-ou,
I and the carpenter eulicd io his son, who
was near, to drive it away. Tho re::, taking
a sharp axo for lue.purpose, aimed blow
ut the insect, but split his father's head hi
two, and killed nun. 0;t seciug .vi;a? v.:>?.
done the Bodhisat said that a vise cneijiS
was better than u foolish relative or friend.
Commercial Travelers. |
-0
Perhaps no preacher in South Caro-j
liiia travels more or more widely than |
the writer. Since the year began he
has been on every railroad in the
State except the North Eastern ; he j
has done considerable riding on stage j
lines and private ways, also, and I
everywhere he has gone, in town, in i
city, in country, he has met that class
of our fellow-citizens, whose most
familiar name is "Drummers". He
feels that without presumption he may
write an editorial upon them, 1st, be
cause they deserve one; 2nd, because
he is somewhat acquainted with them,
lie will submit to The Courier readers !
the following reflections :
1. This class of men is largo and
still increasing in numbers. Were
statistics at hand, it might be shown
that many thousands, yea, some hun
dreds of thousands of our strong, vig
orous, active young men belong to
this profession: Likely there is nota
wholesale establishment of .any kind
in Lue United States that has not its
corps of "Commercial Travelers.' who
go ever the iuud, exhibit samples of
their Louses or factories and solicit
and get trade. As this plan has
proved successful and is a conveni
ence to both buyer and seller, the de
mand for it is increasing, and the
demand is being met. A merchant
in an interior town in South Carolina
seme time ago, said to me, "I can
stay at homo now and buy my goods,
by sample, aud do about as well as
to go lo Baltimore or New York. It
is a convenience to me."
2. These men are distinguished fur
being "wide awsk?," energetic and
closely devoted to business?they
must be so, for noi to possess these
qualities were but to "put them on
the shelf." It is never too'hot nor
too cold, too dry nor too rainy and
snowy for these men to be at work,
visiting their customer* and dispatch
ing business Last January, while
weather-bound in a railroad town in
Barnwcl? County, for almost a week,
1 mot over a dozen young- men of this
class coming and going. They were
in a good humor and seemed to accept
the snow and rain and cold as a part
of their work aud made no complaint.
If all our agents for missions and edu
cation were as energetic and "wide
awake" us these "drummers," our
treasuries would not get so depleted.
3. Generally these men are polite |
gentlemanly and honorable. Nothing
but lavbis and kindnesses and courte
sies have I ever received at their
hands. When cars are crowded and
some one must "stand/7 I have often
been cor; polled by one of these
gentlemen to sit down, while he him
self "stood" for miles. 1 have met
them everywhere from Beaufort and
Augusta to Ashevillc and Chariotre ;
have shared seats, in carriage, stage
coach, railroad, shared rooms and
tables with them, aud, with one ex
ception, have never seen any intem
perance or heard profanity from them.
I never saw one fail, where opportu
nity offered, to be pol'te and gallant
to ladies. A distinguished lady cf
South Carolina owed to a "drummer"
the privilege of room and bed at
White Sulphur Springs sometime ago,
during a crowded season, the young
man going without himself. But two
weeks, associating with these gentle
men for several days at a country
tavern, I was gratified to see so much
real culture, refinement and gentility
exhibited by Lhem toward one another
and the other ^uesis. And from per
sonal Observation 1 think this elass
of men will eompare favorably with
any other class of travelers.
4. Many of them are Christians and
truly pious. While attending a Sun
day School Convention in Spartan
burg County in 1SS0, on Sunday
while the house was filling, a man of
this class made his way in aud got a
sea!, listened attentively and after
sermon came forward and said, "I
make it a rule to go to preaching on
Sunday v.fhenever 1 can, and hearing
you were to preach, i drove ion miles
to court:::." Jin was a Moihvdisr.
Another lately stopping over for Sun
day, went out. Lo ehurch and hearing
an appeal for money to build a meet
ing house gave riiO. Tills was in
South Carolina. Tim man lives in
Kiohmoud, Va. I seldom.preach in a
railroad town but what 1 have seme
of these men as iisteners, and they
listen well too. ] sometimes see
them loading their Bibles on the cais
and occasionally one comes to me to
talk upon the subject of personal
religion. One, a Baptist deacon, said
to me Some time ago, "Some of my
sweetest seasons of spiritual enjoy
ment come to me while riding on the
cats. .! read my KiMe, spend hours
in prayer ami communion with my
Heavenly Father, and thus grow in
grace, as I trust." In tliw class are
represented all our churches, and
often they are ornaments to the
churches and lot their light shine
wherever they go. Much more cr :.id
be said, but enough. Une or two
suggestions in conclusion : t
1. Tnese men should have the sym
pathies a .d piayers of all Christians.
Tlu-y arc exposed to many tempta
tions in many ways and doubtless
some backslide and some "fall away"
from virtue and morality. I know,
by experience, what it is to have no
settled plac? of worship when Sunday
comes, to have no familiar face beam
ing upon me from the pulpit once a
week, to have no regular prayer-meet
ing, to have no pastoral visits made,
regularly to b?; away Lome ami its
hallowed ami elevating influences
j almost all the time and to wor:-hip
amuug strangers fifty Sundays in the
y-vir. It is much harder, under such
circumslances, to maintain a high
i spiritual healtl?fulness and faith. Con
si ant change of place tends to dis
sipation and is demoralizing The
wonder is not that "commercial trav
ellers" don't do better, but that they
do so well 1
2. Let Christians respect the good
aud worthy qualities of these men
i and show them kindness and thus
help to make lhem better and purer
than they arc. "A word of kindness
: til rly spuken is as apples of gold in
i pict ures of silver." So said the wise
j man aud he had a wonderful cxperi
ence iu men ana tilings, iukc tnese
men by the hand, they are our bro- j
there, and ask them lo Use prayer- j
meeting, to the Sunday school, to the I
preaching, and your Christian courte- j
sy toward them will not be wasted. J
If I have written iu a charitable spirit j
toward them, it is because I have it j
for them?want others to have it, too. j
Wm. Henry Stktcxlaxp.
Anderson 0. IL. Got 1st, 1881.
How Lives are Shortened,
The most important of die geocrdl
conditions which shorten life iu our
day is excessive expenditure of vital
force. Tins may occur iu various ways.
In the young; if food is improper or
insaflteieut, renewal does not take place
at an age when the expenditure for
growth is greatest, and exhaustion rap
idly follows. At maturity the passions
ripen iui-.i activity and have their full
play, and if not suitably coa?ro?ieU
afford large atni exhaustive expenditure
of vitai pov.ar. Among the poor, life
force if; often exhausted in the struggle
for food, and among the rich in the
straggle for the luxuries, wealth, posi
tion, and power. Here, owing Lo
wear aud tear from anlexty, loss of
sleep and the concomitants, defective
digestion and assimilation, waste ex
ceeds supply, and exhaustion exceeds
reuewai. To the general causes of
waste we would add impure air of
dwellings, improperly prepared foods,
inebriety, gluttony, social dissipations,
and ten thousand nameless sources of
constant impairment of the vital func
tions, without power of suitable renew
al, which Qil up the measure of man's
daily life in modern society. Over
nearly all of these conditions man may,
if he will, exert most arbitrary control.
He can feed and clothe the young, eld,
and helpless ; he can moderate his pas
sions to a healthful play; he can so reg
ulate his habits as to secure a pro
portionate expenditure and renewal of
vit:1 energy ; in his food, in his drink,
in his home, and at business, he can be
well-nigh master of every thing that
affects his well-being With ail this
power, why such failure? We answer,
ignorance. ?iie people at huge do not
know, much less realize, the extent
to which they may control their own
longevity. Even the higher circles of
society arc ignorant of tho nature,
whether for good or evil, of the air they
breathe, the food they cat, the water
they drink, the clothes tbey wear.
Nay more, the medical profession is so
leveled io the care of the sick, that it
does not study as it ought the methods
of preventing sickness.
- --ggr?? c- -
Practical l/smc?str&tkm of the Cate
chism.? Not long ago a bright little
giri iu the Sunday-school of St. Luke,
M-n, New Jersey, who was in the
Calvary Catechism class-, taught by
jiiss S-, and evidently had reached
the bottom facts of the lesson?the cre
ation of man out of the dust of the earth
?came running home to her mother,
overfall of confidence in the Scripture
theory aud her own reflective conclu
sions and exclaimed :
Ob. mother, I know it is all true
what i-?? cs-echism said about Adam's
being made out of the dust of the earth
?I know it is!,
'Why?'
'Because ? saw Aunt Emma whip
Gracie, and I saw tho dust 5y oat of
he. I know it is so.'
Little Oracle had been playing with
ashes.?Harper's Magazine for October.
HUSIAX NaTUUH TUE SaSI?: in' all.?
A young lady, who with her husband
visited the Koyul Institution at the
time when Faraday, according to
Pi of. Tyudall, ranked as the greatest
exp?rimental philosopher of tho age,
was courteously shown over the es
tablishment by the professor, and
surprised at the vivacity and cheer
fulness of a man who constantly
breathed so seientiiio an atmosphere,
she ski:: to him, "Mr. Faraday, yon
must be very happy in your position
and with your pursuits, which elevate
yon entirely out of tho meaner aspects
and lower aims of ii:^.*7 He shook
his head and, wit': that wouuorfui
nobility of countenance which was
characteristic, ills expression ofjoy
ousness changed to one of profound
sadness, and ho replied, "When i
quit business and took to science as
a career, ? thought 1 had left behind
mo all the potty meanness aud small
jealousies which hinder man in ids
moral progress ; but I found myself
raised into another sphere, only lo
find poor human nature just the same
everywhere?subject to the same
weakness and the saute seif-seeki??g,
however exalted the intellect." Yet
Faraday was himself a living excep
tion to this almost universal rule.
A Poetic ivecouciiiatien ?Seine time
arjo a man came into a Baltimore law
yer's office in a state of great excite
ment, and asked him lo commence pro
codings for a divorce. Mr. Dobbin
heard him through, and then said, '?
think I have something that will exact
ly suit your case. Sit stilt, and I will
f read it to you.'
The man remained seated, all cars,
supposing he was to listen to Llaekstone
orlCent, when Mr. Dobbin began to
read 'Betsey and I are Oui.' By the
time he had etnled the man's eyes were
full of tears.
'I belivc I will go hotne,' he said.
And ho and his wile have lived happily
i ever since.?U.-.trptr $ Magazine Joj
OcioU,:
Canon Farrur says : "Ho alone by
i whom the hairs of on?' head are num
bered, can count the widows who ari
; widows because of alcohol : the gray
; beads that it has made gray; ilu
! sad hearts that it has crushed wit!
sadness; the ruined families that h
lias ruined , the brilliant minds wider
I it hasquenched; the unf<jh'lingp:*omisi
j which i; has cankered: the bright am
i happy boys and girls when: it has
; blasted into misery; the young ant
'the gifted whom it has hurrie<
atom? into dishonored ami shatnelos;
; grav.*s ' ' _
' The straightest man mentiorM iu tin
i Bible was Joseph. IL; was so stvatgh
; that Pharaoh wanted to make a rule
out rif'i'iiu. It's strange what curiou
[ notions some people have.
Gats as noise jseeu.
! Every good horseman knows thr.c
sound oats are the best food that can
be given a galloping horse, and the
! only food on which a race-horse or
j hunter can be got in the best possible
j condition. It is equally well known
j too, that horses fed liberally on maize
j or Indian corn do slow work ; indeed
? get too fat entirely for quick woik,
I although' it is generally considered
j one-thiid cheaper to feed corn than
j oats. In the East, hoi ses are fed on
j bailey, and it is a pc pular idea with
j Eti?-Iicsb officers who have done duty
j in Persia and Syria that the change
! of food from barley to the imported
j oalo often produces blindness m the
j Arabian horses. Now, although no
i men understand belter, if as well, how
! to get mce horses in proper condition
j than English grooms, they do not,
j nor do many of their masters, know
! the exact reason why it is that oats
I are the best food lor putting muscular
j flesh ou a horse. The agricultural
I chemist steps in here and shows
j plainly that it is because oats contain
i more of the muscle-forming principle
{than perhaps any other food aud con
i siderab'y less of the fat forming
j principle than corn, and that if you
j want quick action in a horse corn is
j not a cheap food by any means,
j When we feed a bullock, a sheep or
! a hog for market, we want to make it
! fat as quickly and as cheaply as
[possible, but with a horse for work
j the object is to give him muscle, or,
j in other words, hard flesb. There
1 are times, it is true, when it is profit
able to make a horse fat, when, for
j instance, he is for sale; for which
j purpose a pound or so of oil-cake in
[ addition to his ordinary feed of corn
j has a good effect. It is especially
i useful not only in fattening him
quickly, but in changing his coat.
A horse in low condition changes bis
coat very slowly. A mixture, how
! ever, of crushed corn and beans, in
I the proportion of two-thirds of tbe
former to one-third of the latter, bas
been used with equal effect as a flesh
forming aud fat forming food. On
the whole, we think that if farmers
would feed more oats and less corn
to their work-horses, at least during
the spring and summer months, they
would find the difference in the ex
pense more than couuter-balauccd by
the gain in work.
Gentle Words to Horses.
The ridiculously loud tone of voice
in which orders are generally given
to horses, when the driver desires
them to start or*stop, has often been
a subject of surprise to me. If horses
were next thing to deaf, there would
be an excuse for the shouiiigs and
yellings so generally indulged; but
1 the}' are not, aud therefore need not
be spoken to so loudly and harshly.
The ear of a horse is very sensitive,
and, save in exceptional cases, it is
possible to control his motions by a
command given in a moderate tone of
voice, just as readily, and indeed, I
think, more readily than where this
rough rude manner is used. A horse
is a teachable animal, and is always
affected by kind treatment The fact
of the matter is, that if kind words
and gentle treatment throughout were
given these noble animals, iustead of
oaths, curses and blows, we should
find their docility greatly increased.
Just imagine-, if you will, a "Gee !"
or "Whoa!" uttered in a tone suffi
ciently loud to be heard at a half
mile's distance, and this command
given to an animal within five or ten
feet of the parry giving it. Wherein
consists the necessity for it ? Why
not resort to more rational, certainly
more pleasing means? Why not
speak in a moderate tone ? This is
all that is required. The horse, if not
deaf, can hear it, and will as readily
obey as if given in thundering tones.
! One of the best managed teams I
have ever seen, was controlled by the
driver without the indulgence of any
of this unmusical yelling. The driver
rarely ever spoke above his ordinary
1 lone of voice, and yet his irorses laid
j into their work with as much wil
; lingness arid apparently greater earn
! est??css than if they had been driven
j to it by fearful shouting aud blows,
j Let me appeal to the common sense
j of your readers in this particular
j direction. The horse is an intelligent
I am mat. None of the brute creation
j more readily appreciate kind words
{and kind treatment. ?uch facts
[ should be considered always by those
i who have the care of these animals.
j True manhood and true womanhood'
! is never baking in the spirit of rever
; once that looks upon the little- ones as
i sacred gifts from the Father. lie wbo
has no tenderness for ilieir weakness,,
[and no appreciation of tbeir simplicity,,
j shows that there is somewhere in bis
j nature a lack of one, at least, of tbe es
j sentiai virtuos of manhood. For the:
j ehihi-heart is the fairest type of tha
j human heart.
j And ibe benefits are not all on the*
j side of the children. There never is ?
j case of kindly self denial that docs OOft
> bring a corresponding gain. Often and
I oficn it happcos that an hours converse
with a child, hearing aud answering Hs
questions, softens the heart that has
been hardened by years of coarse buffet?
i ing with the world and brings baek to
! the skcptioal and sit;-stained soul some- ?
! thing even of the innocence of child
hood. That we may .keep the child
j heart that ahme is tit for the kingdom
j of God. let us not separate ourselves
i from the children.
j The fastest time ever made on a
! railroad was by the Tanderbiit party
I from Dot oit to New York, with the
j newly invented Fonntaiue engine.
; The distance was 225 miles, ami the
j time made was two hours and thirty
1 minutes, with five stops of sixteen
minutes.
-<MBS ~<*JJL I
A Western man, new in Detroit, hearing
(ho;'.?scrtion that Dante during his pilgrimage
to ibe Inferno beheld not a smile, asked if
there was much travel on that trail. Upon,
boiiip; told that the travel was simply immense,
be said : " W::], it ::sust be a ronte never
hoard, of in Co'or.-al?i. If that feller tells th*
rrtsth, th..t he couldn't strike a smile on the
hull ti;;-. us' it becomes knovru out my way,
some roof le.'1 Isis p? a half-way Louse sa?
'ecu aiorc tar?e cavs.

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