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TBK SUMTER^ATCBTOJIX, Established April? 1850.
'Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thon Aims't t, be thy Country's, thy God's, and Truth's.
THE TRUE SOUTHRON; Established Jone, 186fe.
Cons?ted Aug. 2,1881.1
SUMTER, S. C., TUESDAY, MAY 2, 1882.
New Series-Vol. I. No. 40.
im?n and, SoutKronPublishing
f SUMTER, SI (X
Two Bollare per annum-in advance.
' -"' A ?Ttrtt.T.I81XK HTS . " ;
P*eSquare^ret insertion.-$1 00
? -.extracts for three months, or longer will
~ be ?ade at reduced''ratea,
>a-;^|&.?ominiittieation8 winch subserve private
.. ^ Btem?? will be eba rged for as adycrtisements.
; Obituaries and tribales of respect will be
- Marriage notices and notices of deaths pub
Tor job work or contracts for advertising
. -address ' Watchman end Southron; or apply at
?^fte??lfi?ejto N. G. OSTBEN,
" Business Manager.
-..?--7~-g-x' . H ?? .?
vtfT^A^IAFTER SUNDAY, APRIL 0,
the Passenger Trains of thia Road wai
he run as fo?ows :>
Leave (Jbarleiloji.................-..*... 8 15 a m
"to 1 00 p m
Leaver Sujnter?~......~....-1 45 pm
Amv*-at Charleston..._...... 6 45 p m
G^'l Ticket Agt. Geu'lSopt.
. CriERA^-AflD DARUNBTQri AND CHE8AW
^ ^WSAilSBURY B*JLROA0S._
Socrnr Knx, S. O, Msy 23, 188L
f%S^I^^SKXEIS DATE, TRAINS
\!7&g&ii*<Bfcte will run at fellows-every
except Sunday. ^
Leave Wedesboro...?-.S?*?? S 40 a m
I?5^2eniieti>-_0 00 a m
Lesv?. .Morreti.-. 9 15am
v J?aW>T?F*rlan>l??^.>?2_ 9 35 ? m
:^v3^ ^v?.?.^..?.-??? 10 15 am
Leave Soe?^y Hill .-.._ii 10 50 a m
Hi leave Darlington .......... Il 35 a m
Arr?re at Florence...... ...... ..M.* 12-10 p m
^Leave Florence.:.^....................... 12 ?0 p m
Leave Partington..?.?... M 1 20 p m
k Lear? tf?eiety.Ba ........-ii 2 10 p m
I Arrive at Ch craw... 2 50pm
r Arrive at Wadesboro 415pm
r '.. The freight train villle&ve Florence at 6 30 A
'.-.Ifevery day exceptSunday; making the round
-;trip W Oieraw ?very :day, and to Wadesbora ar
'". oft? aa may be necessary-keeping out e? the
? w*yof passenger train. ?
B D TOWNSEND. President.
tf0RTH-E ASTERN R. R. CO.
QXTPEBINTEK DENT'S OFFICE,
^ ^BMSASXERN RAILROAD CO.
-. XJEsJtrirjrX)*, S.Tj., March 23, 1882.
P Onueed after this date., the following Sche?
dule will be run, Sundays included :
Leave Charleston. Arrive Florence,
k -8-15 a. -31........~..~....12 55 P. M. -
ML ,7 00" P. M........ 3 50 A J?.
K 8 30 P.. M-.~.~._^TV.l 30 A. 3?.
^?&tav^JFloreoce. Arrive Charleston.
JrWr-l.2 4D^uTC^-.^~^..^$ 50 A. M.
: 1 45"p.?i^ ^^-.....5 45 P M.
" 12 15 A. k..............-.9 00 A. - y
Traintearing Florence at 2 40,A.-T??. wilT
Stop for way passe ?^j^?f^0^
CHARLESTON, S. C.
nr^HIS .POPULAR AND CENTRALLY
ii located HOTEL having beef entirely
renovated during the past Summer is now
- ready^ibrjtbe..reception of the traveling public.
Popular prices $2 and 2.50 per day.
Special rates for Commercial Travelers.
,,>^; E. T. GAILLARD,
THE AIM AR HOUSE,
.y^l^^^rat and King Sts
.^^^^IbiT?^-BE;?H, LEASED BY
0I" Meeting-St., )
18-NOW OPEN for th? accommodation of
"Boarder*. Parties visiting Charleston wi!'
find Ibis House eonrenlentry situated -for busi
,^?*s, ar^dir?e% on the line of Street Railway.
Terms, per day, $1 50.
Street, next to Masonic Tem
?H /pie, Charleston, S. C
$1.50 per day, reduced rates by the
^;$50ek o? month, According to location of j
rooms. - .
;J This bonse, so- well and favorably known
as being a strictly first-class boarding bouse,
is centrally located, accessible tb wholesale
and retail stores, theatres, and places of In?
terest, and especially desirable for business
men or families visiting the city, nothing be
. : lng neglected to make i ts guests comfortable.
. Ask for carriajre at depot.-Respeetfully
MRS. B. H?LBERS PBOPWKTRKSS
"A iv?IT cccr?<? of instruction in Isaac Pitman's
Fonografy published every year in
Th? American Shorthand Writer,
and the exercises of subscribers corrected ?by
. mail free of charge! First lesson begins Jan
nary ; back numbers furnished new sub?
. seribers and exercises corrected by the pno
Jiabera whenever received. The only periodi
f -eal trota wisch shorthand may be learned
without a tutor. The lessons are exhaustive,
1 comprehensive and interesting. The report
i era/Department contains facsimile notes of j
I leading stenografers. Send 25 cents for
. i tingle number of the magazine.
Oneyear,(complete course, 12 lessons,) S2.50
'Six Months, -.1.25
BOWELL ti HICKCOX, Publishers,
American agents for Isaac Pitman's works,
''And dealers in all Shorthand books and Re?
_ Shorthand clerks furnished business
mSC~m any part of the U. S. Correspond
Please mention this paper.
/ 1MB Mystery Explained.
Ort/^Clsfhe patent name of an invaluable
\ ??r%7t/ remedy for removing from the
human system pia and stomach worms. It was
tba prescription of a celebrated physician, and
savsd the life of toe child it wa? dispensed for.
It bsa since been the steans of saving the lives
ef thousands of children by its timely ase.
It ii put up in the form of powders, ready for
nae, and children take it readily, ns it is a
g pleasantmedie?ne. Sold by dealers in medicine
KOKUNB'S ART STUDIO,
1101 MAIN STREET,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Best Work atm Lowest Prices.
Mr. Fitzgerald is now assisting me.
; R. M LOWRANCE, Proprietor
i " . W[ COLUMBIA, S. C.
?Tabk??oom? and Serrants First-class.
ft ^BATES REASONABLE.
WILMINGTON, COLUMBIA AND
TRAINS GOING SOUTH.
April 2, J$82,
Leave Wilmington .....
Ar've Flemington -.
Ar've Florence.... -
11 36 "
1 33 am
2 20 "
6 10 ?
11 JO pm
12 17 "
2 Ol am
2 47 ?
TR?lNS GOING NORTH.
Ar've Florence.. ..
Ar've Marion .
1 25 pm
2 13 "
4 21 "
5 55 ?
12 07 H
1 36 am
2 38 ?
4 54 "
6 20 ?
Noa. 48 and 47 stops only at Brinkley's,
Whiteville, Flemington, Fair Bluff, Marion,
Fiorenoe, Timmonsv?le, Somier, Camden Junc?
tion and Bastover.
Passengers for Colombia and all points on
C. A G. R. K., C., C A. A. R. R. Stations,
Aiken Jonction, and. ail points beyond, shook!
take No. 48 Night Express.
Separate Pullman Sleepers for Charleston
and for Angosta on' trains 48 and 47.
AU trains ran solid between Charleston and
THROUGH FBE16HT TUAIS.
Daily, except Sundays.
Leave Florence-.... .......~ Il 40 p m
Leave*'Sumter . .2 28 a m
Arrive at Colombia.- 5 30 a m
Leave Columbia.- - 5 00 p m
Leave Sumter. ...... - - 8 20 p m
Arrive at Florence--.ll 10 p m
LOCAL FREIGHT-(DiSly except Sunday.)
Leave Florence. 6 00 a m
Arrive at Sumter".?..- 10 55 a m
Leave Sumter.............-...... ?....I ll 40 a m
Arrive at Columbia 4 00 p m
Arrive at Sumter..,
-".. ........ 7 00 a m
_.....ll 15 a m
..._-12 15 p m
Arrive at florence. ... .... ........... 5 10 p m
JOHN F. DIVINE, General Sup't.
A. POPE, General Passenger Agent?
Columbia and Greenville Bail Hoad,
COLUMBIA, S. C., August 31. 1881.
ON AND AFTER THURSDAY^ September
1st, ISSI, Passenger Trains will ron as
herewith indicated, upon this road' 'and its
branches-Daily except Sundays :
No. 42 Up Passenger.
Leave Colombia (A)...................... ll 20 a m ,
Leave Alston......... -.-.-......12 26 p m
Leave Newberry_-.1 21 p m
Leave Hodges........-. 3 52 p m
Leave Belton .-- ._.- 5 05 p m
Arrive at Greenville-.................. 6 27 p m
No. 43 Down Passenger.
Leave Greenville at..--- .........10 33 a m
Leave Belton-.- ---..-.....ll 57 a m
-Leave Hodges..-.. 1*12 p in :
Leave Newberry-. ..- .... 3 47 pm
Leave Alston.....-..-.-?. 4 46 p m
Arrive at Colombia (F)- - 5 50 p m
SEARTASBCRG, UNION A COLUMBIA R. R.
No. 42 Up Passenger.
Leave Alston..._._.- 12 40 p m
Leave Sparenburg, S U A C Depot (B) 4 03 p m
Arrive Spiq-tanburg RAD Depot (E) 4 12 p m
No. .43 Down Passenger
Leave Sj3art*yjh?fg-R A D Depot (II) 12 48 p m,
J^sm Spartanburg S U A C Depot ( G) 107pm
"?eave Union-.-.-. 2 36 p m
Arrive at Alston.--. 4 36 p m
LAURENS RAIL ROAD.
Leave Newberry...-..-.-. -.... M. 3 55 p rn
.Arrive at Laurens C. K. 6 45 p m
Leave Laarens C E. 8 30 a m
Arrive at Newberry--ll 30 a m
-Leave Hodges...-.... 3 56 p m
Arrive at Abbeville. 4 46 p m j
Leave Abbeville...--.-.12 15 p m
Arrive at Hodges.--.-.-. 1 05 p iv.
BLUE RIDGE R. R. A ANDERSON BRANCH.
Leave Belton.........-..-.- 5 OS p m
Leave Anderson. - -.- .... 5 41 p m j
Leave Pendleton.- -. 6 20 p m '
Leave Senaca fC). 7 20 p m j
Arrive at Walhalla..-.. U.m 7 45 p m j
Leave Walhalla.. - -. .- ' 9 23 a m
Leave Seneca (D)-.-..--.- 9 54 a m j
Leave Pendleton................. .10 30 a m
Leave Anderson..-.- -. . ""....II 12 a m
Arrive at Belton..-.-114Sam
On and after above date through cars will be '
run between Colombia and Henderson ville with- j
A-With Sooth Carolina Rail Road from
Charleston ; with Wilmington Columbia A Au
gusta R>R from Wilmington and all points north !
thereof; with Charlotte, Colombia A Augusta
Rail RoatL-froin Charlotte and points north
B-With Asheville A Spartanburg Rail Road
for points in Western N. C.
C-With A. A C. Div. R A B. R. R. for all
points Sooth and West.
D-With A. A C. Div. R. A D. R. R. from At
lanta and beyond.
JE-With A- A C. Div. R. A D. R. R. for all
points South and -West.
F-With South Carolina Rail Road for Char?
leston ; with Wilmington, Columbia A Augusta
Rail Read for Wilmington and the North ; n i h
Charlotte, Columbia A Augusta Rail Road for
Charlotte and the North.
G-With Asheville A Spartanburg Rail 3oad
H-With A. A C. Div. R. A D. R. R. from
Charlotte 'A beyond.
Standard time used is Washington, D. C.,
which is fifteen minutes faster than Colombia.
J. W. FRY, Sup't
A. POPE, General Passenger Agent.
Aneust 30. 1881. tf.
South Carolina Railway Co,
COMMENCING FEBRUARY 13th, 1382.
Passenger Trains on Camden Branch will
run as follows, until further notice:
EAST TO COLUMBIA.
Leave Camden.....--. 7 40 a m
Leave Camden Junction.-.- 9 50 a m
Arrive at Columbia.12 13 p m
WEST FROX COLUMBIA-BAILY EXCEPT SUNDAYS.
Leave Columbia......-.. 4 05 a m... 4 15 p m
Arrive Camden Junction, 12 ll p rn... 6 00 p m
Arrive at Camden. 2 15 p rn... 7 13pm
EAST TO CHARLESTON AND AUGUSTA.
Leavo Camden-.3 00 p m
Leave Camden June'. 4 19 p m
Arrive at Charleston.. 9 00 p tn
Arrive at Augusta. 7 35 a m
WEST FROM CHARLESTON AND AUGUSTA.
Leave Charleston. 7 45 a m
Leave Augusta. 4 45 p ai
Arrive Camden June'...12 01 p m
Ariive at Camden. 2 15 p m
Columbia and Greenville Railroad both way?,
for ali points on that Hoad and on the Spar?
tanburg, Union and Columbia and Spar^TCurg
and Ashville Railroads, also with the Char
lotte, Colombia and Augusta Railroad to and
from all points North by trains leaving Camden
at 7 40 a m, and arriving at 7 15 p m.
Connections made at Augusta to all points
West and South ; also at Charleston with
Steamers for New York and Florida-on Wed?
nesdays and Saturdays.
Trains on Camden Branch run daily except
Sunday. On main line, Colombia and Augusta
Divisions, trains nm daily. Pullman Cars are
run between Charleston and Washington, on
trains arriving at Columbia 12:13 and depart?
ing at 4:15 P. M. Local sleepers between
Charleston, Columbia and Augusta.
On Saturdays ROUND TRIP TICKETS are
sold to and from all Stations at one first class
fare for the round trip-tickets being good till
Monday noon, to return. Excursion tickets
good for 10 days are regularly on sale to and
from all stations at 6 cents per mile for round
THROUGH TICKETS to all points, can be
purchased by applying to James Jones, Agent
at Camden. D. C. ALLEN,
General Passenger and Ticket Agent
JOHN B. PECK, General Manager.
_ Charleston, S. C.
NAME STAMPS FOR MARKING CLOTHING
with, indellible ink, or for printing visiting
STAMPS OF ANY KIND
Call on C. P. OSTEEN,
At the Watchman and Southron Onice.
THE FLOWN BIBD.
The maple's leaves are whirled away ;
The depths of the great pines are stirred ;
Night settles on the sollen day,
As in its nest the mountain bird.
My wandering feet go up and down,
And back and forth from town to town,
Through the lone wood and by the sea,
To and the bird that fled from me ;
I followed, and T follow yet
I have forgotten to forget.
My heart goes back, but I go ot?,
Through sommer heat and winter snow ;
Poor heart, we are no longer one,
But are divided by oar woe.
j Go to the nest I built and call
I She may be there after all
j The empty nest, if that remains,
i And leave me ia the long, long rains ;
My sleeves with tears are always wet
I have forgotten to forget.
Men know my story, but not me
For such fidelity, they say,
; Exists not-such a man as he
Exists not m the world to-day.
; If his light bird has flown the nest,
I She is no worse than all the rest ; .
j Constant they are not-only good
To bill and coo, and hatch the brood ;
He has but one thing to regret
i He has forgotten to forget.
All day I see the ravens fly,
' I hear the sea-birds scream all night ;
The moon goes np and down the sky,
The ann comes in with ghastly light ;
Leaves whirl, white flakes around me blow
Are they spring blossoms or the snow ?
Only my hair? Good-bye, my heart,
The time has come for ns to part ;
Be still ! You will be happy jet
For death remembers to forget.
Translated from the Japanese.
A COLORED EDITOR.
! How He is Trying to Build up a
Newspaper in New York.
Becoming a Force in Politics-Bow
Reconstruction Worked-The Colored
[Special Correspondence Philadelphia Times.J
NEW YORK, April 13.-For some
months past I have seen occasional quo?
tations from the New York Globe, usu?
ally described as the organ of the color?
ed men, which struck me as evincing a
good deal of sense and independence.
Finally I became carions to find out
something about the character of the
paper and concluded to look up the
editor. Its office was given as No. 4
Cedar street and proved to be a moder?
ate sized room on the third floor of that
building. As ? opened the door I
found two or three men engaged in set
HBlptyp?l and jDcrurf??^g for Ste
Fortune, the editor, one of them came
forward and said that was his name.
T. Thomas Fortune-for he parts his
name in the middle-is a pleasant
faced, bright looking young colored
mao, not far from thirty years of age.
He has knocked around the country a
good deal and bas profited by bis ex?
perience. Born in the western part of
Florida in the days of slavery, he re?
mained in his native State through the
reconstruction era and was an office
holder during the period of carpet-bag
supremacy. After the Democrats came
into power he drifted North, spent some
time io Washington and finally came to
New York. He is a type setter by
trade aod worked for a while io the
office of the Witness, the religious pa*
per which hadsnch a hard time of it
trying to publish a daily edition.
Like a good many white men before
him, young Fortune, after putting io
typs the thoughts of others for some
time, conceived the ambition to get be?
fore the public, and especially his own
race, some of . his own ideas. There
was a paper published here in the inter?
est of the colored people called Rumor,
but it was about as bad as its name.
Fortune, however, believed that it could
be changed io name and character and
made eventually a successs. He found
a fellow-compositor who had the same
faith and a third negro who was willing
to help them with a little capital. So
not quite a year ago Rumor ceased, to
appear aod io its stead came out the
New York Globe, 'published by George
Parker & Co , T. Thomas Fortune,
THE STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE.
They bad a pretty hard time of it the
erst three months. The firm bad but
little money, the good will of the
Rumor was of little account, and so
many ventures by colored men in the
newspaper line had proved failures,
that even their own race bad grown
suspicious of every attempt. Indeed, if
two or three of the publishers bad not
been practical printers, Mr. Fortune
says, they would probably have had to
give up. As it was he wrote his edito
als and prepared his other 'copy' on
Sundays and at other odd times of
leisure, and a'ter doing a day's work in
the composing room of the Witness, the
two printers would spend the evening
in setting type in their little shop for
their own paper. But pluck and per?
severance had their usual reward. By
slow degrees at first, and afterward
more rapidly, new subscribers sent in
their subscriptions, and at length, when
it was evident that the paper had come
to stay, it was possible to secure some
The Globe is a four-page paper, with
five broad columns to the page, and the
subscription price is $1.50 a year. Its
constituents are found in all parts of the
country, only a small proportion of its
circulation being in this city. Its sub?
scription list is growing rapidly in the
South. Several postal cards applying
for sample copies are received every
day, and a package of fifty such copies
had been sent to the post office just be?
fore I called to-day. A glance around
its plaio office showed that it bad been
run on the economical plan of 'pay as
you go,' and the result is that the end
of the first year finds the paper thor?
oughly established, with subscription
list and advertising patronage both in?
creasing and its publishers contempla?
ting various improvements in the near
A FORCE IN POLITICS.
All this would be interesting as any
story of triumph over difficulties always
is, but not especially important if the
Globe were simply a sample of the ordi?
nary weekly published by colored meo,
of which there are probably a hundred
I io various parts of the country. Bat
is so different from the average, it ]
manifested so mn ch independence a
it is gai ni ogs o large an indoonr tba
ought already to be recognized ?ot 01
as a force io our politics, but as a si
of great possible changes io the re
tions of the colored voters.
I believe the Times bas quoted 01
or twice a striking passage from t
Globe, which suggested that its edit
like the Times, was a good deal of
independent journalist. That is p
cisely what Mr. Fortune is. As I hi
said, he was was brought Ap a Reput
can, but be kept his mind open a
ready to learn new lessons if experiei
should teach their wisdom. He is
clear and fluent talker, remarkably c
. rect in his use of language and with t
full courage of his convictions. Mo
of what he said was so significant tba
think you will be glad to publish it.
'I was brought up a Republican/
answered when I asked his politi
creed, 'and I clung to that party for
long while, with the rest of my rai
because I distrusted the Democra
But on many of the constitutional qui
tions, which are suppose?Vi? under
parties, I hold to the Democratic vie
and if the younger and more progrei
ive element of that party could seco
control of its organization, I should
quite content to see it come into pow<
As it is, I hold myself free to commet
or criticise either party as I think
HOW RECONSTRUCTION WORKED.
'I had a chance to see for myself
part how reconstruction worked, and
have studied its history in other parts
the South than Florida. It was full
grave blunders and it was inevitat
that it should end as it did. Indee
when I reverse the situation-when
suppose that the negroes bad for gene
ations ruled those States and held tl
whites in slavery; that suddenly tl
whites, ignorant and degraded as mo
of them must be, bad been given po
session of the Government, and, und
the lead of unscrupulous men from ou
side, had treated tbe negroes, who po
sessed nearly all the wealth and in tell
gence, as the whites of the South we
-treated under carpet-bag rule-I Bi
when I imagine this, I think that, ui
less my humanity had interfered,
should have considered almost ac
means justifiable to throw off such
'Qf-course-tbere was-te? rifele-misgo^
ern ment while the 'Republicans bel
possession of the South, but what cou]
you expect of a race just released froi
slavery and whose white leaders wit
few executions were of the worst cbarai
ter ? But the failure of carpet-bag ml
does not prove that the negro is iocapc
blen?T^e?^^vernjaient; it onlyshowsth?
he must have education and intelligent
before he can rule wisely.
'The most hopeful feature.in the situa
tiob is the growing disposition of colore
men to think for themselves. The Reput
Hean party freed us, and at first, c
course, gratitude allied us to it. The
for a long while we were suspicious c
the good faith of the Democrats wbei
they professed to accept the result c
the war and self-protection seemed t
require that we should still cling to tb
old organization. But wben Republi
can Senators make such speeches a
were made by Jones, of Nevada, darin!
the debate on the Chinese bill, 1 don'
feel as though there is much incentiv
to hold to the Republican party on tb
score of gratitude. On the other band
I believe that it would be infinitely bet
ter, both for the colored race and fo
the country, to have the negro voti
divided as the white vote is. Whenev
er and wherever the Democratic part;
is ready to take a progressive stand a
far as concerns our race and to remov?
the lingering suspicions of its goo?
faith, I am ready to see it carry tb<
THE COLORED MEN INDEPENDENT.
I asked Mr. Fortnne how generali]
be thought his independent views wen
shared by bis fellow-people. 'Tbe bes
answer I can give/ he said, 'is the suc?
cess of my paper. I have been preach?
ing this same doctrine in the Glob*
and it has been constantly grow?
ing in circulation. But I have othei
evidence than this. I am acquaint?
ed with many of the most prom
inent colored men in the country, and 1
tell you that at heart they bold the same
views as I do. Most of them wouldn't
express themselves so freely for- publi?
cation, because they would fear the loss
of office where they hold it or of influ?
ence with the more conservative of oui
people, but in confidential conversation
they will agree with me. As for the
young men of intelligence, the day bas
gone by when they can be marched up
to the polls like a flock of sheep and
made to vote any ticket that is thrust
into their hand. In many parts of the
Sooth I find that they are ready and
anxious to join bands politically with
the intelligent and progressive young
whites and it is the best sign for the
future of both races that I see.'
I asked Mr. Fortune what he thought
about the policy of the present Admin?
istration in the South, and his reply
must certainly be considered the crown?
ing proof of his independence, for he
said that he thought that it was making
a miserable mistake in appointing so
many negroes to office ! In Louisiana,
for instance, he said that Pinchback,
since he was restored to power in the
New Orleans Custom House, was filling
the Federal offices largely with negroes.
Of course, Mr. Fortune believes that
the black man is capable of holding
office ; but, taking a philosophical view
of the situation in the light of past ex?
perience, he deprecates the policy of ap?
pointing large numbers of negroes, be?
cause it has an inevitable tendency to
revive the race line, and to enable the
Bourbons to maintain their supremacy
with the old cry of 'Africanization.'
I left Mr. Fortune, after a half hour's
talk, with a genuine respect for the
man and a more hopeful view for the
future of his race. He is a young fel?
low, and the Globe is but a small paper,
it is true, but the spirit of independent
joui .i: i;e>m is in him, and it and a peo?
ple cao are coming to support such
journalism are certainly making en?
A Boston doctor says high-heeled j
shoes ruin the eyesight, and yet he
cannot be persauded to look the other
On Orchards, Corn Planting, Politics &c.
Nipped io the bad. It looks like there
is DO security from anything. Oars
was no second-hand orchard ; we plant?
ed it and the blooms have for three
years looked so sweet and promising,
and now this is the third year the fruit
has been killed. I suppose we could have
built little fires all about, but who
knows when to build 'em. It is poor
comfort to bnild 'em when there is no
danger, and it is hard to tell when there
is danger. Reckon we will just have
to keep the orchard for the flowers, like
we do a crab apple tree, for they are
mighty pretty. One of my nabors lives
right under the western slope of a
mountain and his fruit is never killed.
He had plenty last year, but the sun
dont rise at his bouse till its about two
hours high, and it wouldn't suit my
folks at all. Well, it might suit the
folks but it wouldn't suit my business.
It would be dinner time before break?
fast. The peach crop is very uncertain
among these Cherokee hills, but most
everybody can have a few trees around
the bouse where they are protected.
We can't expect to have all the good
things in our place. My Irish potatoes
were killed down the other morning and
that hurt my feelings, for I was a little
proud that I was ahead of my nabors.
But they will come ont again and so
there is some comfort left and a good
deal of hope. Hope says the peaches
are not all killed for a man can't exam?
ine all the blooms and maybe there will
be enough for tbe children. That is
the main thing after all ; enough for
the children is what the world is work?
ing for ; enough money, or land, or
food and clothing ; enough pleasure and
happiness. How we do love 'cm and
worry over *em by night and by day.
If we had ?o children I think I would
jost quit work and toil right suddenly
and-go a fishing. But there is not
much time to frolic on a farm at this
season of the year, for my almanac
says : 'About this time plant corn,' and
we are doing it all around these parts.
I can sit on my piazzer and look into
five farms and see the darkeys and the
mules and hear 'em, too, and its gee
and haw, and git along, Pete, and
whar you gwine, Nell, come round dar,
I tell you; and theres no end to this
affectionate one-sided discourse until the
horo blows for dinner, and then the
most knowing mules give a bray all
round. It's astonishing, how much
lucy do know and can be made^-to^os
derstand. I bad a big mule who would
never give but one pull at a root unless
the darkey who plowed him hollered
ont, 'Kotten root, I tell you 1' and then
he would break that root or something
else, for he bad confidence in the nigger.
lt. always did seem like there was a
kind of confidential relation between
niggers and mules, a sort of a treaty of
peace and equality, for there is no other
animal can stand the darsey aad there's
JO; other human cao get along in peace
wifth the mule. When they are alone
together in a big field with long rows,
th? darkey talks to bim all along the
lin/e, and the mnlc listens in respectful
silence, but if two darkeys are plowing
together they talk to one another and
thu mules are snubbed. There is a
power of coro being planted this spring,
an d not much more than half a crop of
colton, so far as my observation goes.
I hope we viii make enough food for the
conn try, for we can do with less cloth?
ing better than be stinted in vi tte ls.
There is a power of folks dependent
upon the farmers aod a great responsi?
bility opon us. Politics raises a migh?
ty .rumpus and takes'up a sight of room
in (the newspapers, but when you com?
pare it with farming it all seems sorter
likie a monkey show that is going on
foij amusement, and the farmers feel
like doing like Jndge Stewart's Texas
Banger, who went to see an amateur
musical performance in Rome one night
during the war. He was a rough speci?
men about six feet and two inches, and
a bat like a umbrella, and boots like
stove pipes, and spurs that jingled like
trace chains, and a couple of navy pis?
tols to set off his beard, and he paid his
half a dollar and took a stand behind
an empty bench in the rear, and looked
on with a lofty contempt, and when?
ever the performers closed a piece and
tho cheering began, the ranger rattled
th??} old bench most alarmingly, and ex?
claimed, 'sony, sony, sony,' like he
wai driving bogs-and he kept it up
until be monopolized the show aod had
it t)\r. to himself. These premature cao .
didates for governor aod so forth, re?
mind me of Judge Loeb ran e's story of
an Irishman who thought be had a fast
horse, and so he put him in the races
anld bet on him. He ruo pretty well,
but seemed to run better behind than
before, and the Irishman clapped his
ha^ds with delight and exclaimed,
.fd/th and St. Patrick, just look bow be
drives 'em.' But its all right. I'm glad
to see the independents waking up. Its
alli for the good of the people, ana will
ketlp the old democracy on its good be?
havior. There's nothing like having
sentinels on the watch towers. Some?
t? mies the party goes too fast, and these
independents acts like a balance wheel,
a regulator, a brake-sorter like Tinny
Blocker's yearlin, for they say when
Tinny was a boy he tried for an hour
to drive a yearlin out of the pasture,
ani finally be got him by the tail and
they run and run and bellowed and run
un til somebody hollowed to him and said:
'Tinny, you can't hold that yearlin ;
what arc you trying to do ?' 'I know I
can't bold him,' said Tinny, 'but I can
make him go slow.'
Jesso. That is all these independents
are after. They don't ezpect office,
bat they have more abounding patriot?
ism than anybody, and are holding on
to the tail of the concern just to make
it go slow. Some of 'em I reckon, are
a little disappointed because the train
wept off and left 'em, and it don't do
any good to laugh at 'em, no matter
whether they didn't run fast enough or
started too late. Let's be tender with
'enj, for maybe their turn will come af
ter?awbile and they will be tender with
us.j There are a power of ups and
downs in this world, and in politics they
are mostly downs-especially^ down
south. -r^- *.
'At what age were you married ?y in?
quired one matron of another. 'At
the parsonage/ demurely answered her
How He Came to Kill his Wife.
It is not often that a more remarkable
story is beard in ? court room than was
told last week by Lawyer C. J- Lansing
of Eureka, Nev., on taial for the killing
of his wife. When he took the witness
stand the grief in his face hushed the
bar and the spectators into a pitying
silence. He began by declaring that
he had consented to say what he would
have to say about the dead only upon
the urgent requirement of his counsel,
and for the sake of his daughter. Then
he gave the jury the history of bis mar?
ried life. Ever since 1864 it had been,
he said, wretched in all ways. His wife
took to liquor. She was a powerful
woman-fully his equal in strength.
She repeatedly attacked him, threaten?
ing to kill him, and as he believed at
the time, meaning to carry out her
threat. She threw stones at his bead,
poured boiling water on him, tried on
several occasions to stab him with the
carving knife, once at least drawing
blood. She followed him into court,
making such a disturbance that the po?
lice bad to remove ber by force. She
burst into his office and beat him over
the head with a rawhide till the blood
streamed down his face. She beat bis
little daughter with an iron poker. 'I
felt like letting loose all bolds,' he said,
*and I drank heavily, too.' Once or
twice he decided to leave her ; once he
bought poison, and was on the- point of
swallowing it when be thought of1 his
daughter and threw it away.
Last year matters grew worse, until
a night came when he did not dare to
sleep under the same roof with ber, and
called in a neighbor. They tied ber
wrists and ankles with silk handker?
chiefs. 'I'll kill you for this, sure,' she
screamed. At daylight she promised
to behave, and they unbound her. At
ber request be sent out for two bottlea
of champagne for her to 'sober up on.'
He wandered about all day, shunning
his acquaintances, trying to straighten
himself up. 'I could not be still in any
place,' he said. 'I could neither stand
up nor sit down-had to walk all the
time.' At dusk he went home.' The
Chinaman had finished his work and
gone for the night. His wife came
through the kitchen and went down cel?
lar, as he supposed to get whiskey ;
.sh? often hid a bottle down there.'
When she came up he spoke of going
down town. 'You-,' she said, 'I'm
fixed for yon, and you shan't leave this
bouse !' He tried the door ; it was
Jocked. He turned around ; his wife
was righfTh^liiCTM^him, her band
pressed to her bip. T?Tk^y^>?v-jni
kill you !'she screamed. In a frenzy"
of utter nervousness and terror he
caught up something-it was a kitchen
chair-and struck her. He saw ber
lying at bis feet. Then he fouod him?
self out in the street-be bas no remem?
brance of bow he got there-looking up
at the dark windows of his neighbor's
house and deciding not to wake bim up
Tu29 all is blank again in bis mind un?
til a later nour, when he was standing
in front of the Sheriff and uttering the
words, 'I have killed my vife.'
The jury were out twenty minutes.
Wben they came their verdict was^Noi.
Prehistoric Mining in Mich?
The Lake Superior mines have the
advantage of producing metal free
from any alloy of antimony or nickel or
arsenic In many of the mines great
masses of native metal are found so
large that they must be cut in place
All the more important mines are
situated on the ancient workings of a
prehistoric race. They seem to have
been ignorant of the fact that copper
could be melted, for they left behind
them tbe fragments too small to use and
the masses too heavy to lift. Every
day they subjected it to a temperature
nearly high enough, without making a
discovery which would have lifted them
out of the Stone Age into the Bronze
Age, and perhaps have enabled them to
survive the struggle in which they per?
ished. They must have been very nu?
merous, and have reached the point of
development where they were capable of
In Isle Boyale, near thc Minong
Mine, their pits, excavated to a depth
of from ten to twenty feet in the solid
rock, cover an area of from three to four
hundred feet wide and more than a mile
and a half in length. The labor ex?
pended here cannot have been much
short of that involved in building a pyr?
amid Isle Boyale is ten miles from
the nearest land, and is incapable of
producing food, so that all supplies ex?
cept fish must have been brought from
some distant point. Their excavations
could of course never go below the point
at which water would accumulate.
Their hammers, frequently to the num?
ber of several thousand, are found in
heaps where they were evidently placed
at the end of the season. As no graves
or evidences of habitations are found,
we can hardly doubt that the ancient
miners lived south of the great lakes,
and made yearly journeyings with fleets
of canoes to the copper mines. The
aggregate amount of the metal which
they carried off must have been very
great, and it has, I believe, been gen?
erally thought that the copper imple?
ments of the ancient Mexicans came
from this source. M. Charnay in a re?
cent number of the North American
seems to think that the Mexicans reduc?
ed copper from its ores. A chemical
analysis of their hatchets would solve
the question, for Lake Superior copper
is so free from alloys as to be unmis?
The superintendent of the old Cale?
donia Mine in Ontonagon County kind?
ly took me to the top of a cliff where
three Cornish 'tributers'-miners work?
ing not for wages but for a share of the
product-had cleared out one of the an?
cient pits in the outcrop of thc vien.
They had brought out a quantity of
copper, and had just uncovered a large
mass which would weigh certainly not
less than seven tons. Many battered
stone hammers lay around the mouth of
the pit. The active little Englishmen,
b-.'longing to a race of hereditary rainers
perhaps as old as the Mound-builders
themselves, bad come around the world
from the east to finish the work of thc
departed Asiatic race who reached here
from the west at a time to w?i<
date can be assigned. Not far
another party had cot down a
cedar to make props for their tu
As they were putting the log in
ti OD, from its centre dropped a i
bnt perfectly formed stone hat
which had never been used. Ii
made from a stone found, I bel
only on the north shore of the
This tree was not far from two hun
and fifty years old ; but as cedar i
most indestructible in this clima
may have been dead several hun
years. The axeman said that he
found several hammers in thc centi
cedars. It won Id seem barely pos
that this hamme; had been placed
cleft of the tree, when it was a sap:
that the wood might grow around
groove and serve as a handle. A
events, this one, which I have, was
tainly placed where it was-about
ty inches from the ground-by hu
hands, undoubtedly by the ant
miger himself, when the tree w
twig.-F JOHNSON, JB., in Har?
Magazine for May.
. Love at First Sigkt
The marriage of Sir Sidney Wi
low and Miss Margaret Hamilton
announced recently in a cable disp
from Paris. The bridegroom ii
wealthy printer of London, former]
member of Parliament, and in J
Lord Mayor of the metropolis. As
dence of his immense wealth, it is n
tioned that be has 25,000 tenants
London and that he once spent $2.
OOO from his private purse for the
tertainmeot of the Shah of Persia,
passed- some time in Philadelphia as
of the British Centennial Commissioi
and afterward came to America to \
General Will:?ms, Charles Crocker
other friends in California. While,
proacbiug Mr. Crocker's boase he m
young woman with whom he fell in 1
at first sight. The young woman pro
to be Miss Hamilton, the daughter c
widow in comfortable c?rcomstani
and at that time a guest at the Croc
mansion. Miss Hamilton was witty
well as handsome. She went horseb
riding with the Baronet and beat 1
at billiards every time. Her charm
manners and other excellent qua li tie;
impressed Sir Sidney that at a din
party shortly after the first meeting
proposed marriage. Miss Hamilt
accompanied by Mrs. Hearst, of $
Francisco, went to Europe and lived
some months with various members
the Waterlow family, so that they mi
become acquainted with her, and, jo
neyiog to Paris the other day, man
Playing She Had aTeacTBu?bs
was Just too Sweet for Anything
Mr. Henhoper had his life insui
for $10,000. Several nights afterwai
while he and his wife sat by the fi
he remarked : 'Look here, Jane, T
been thinking this matter over, and
now seems to me that I have made
mistake in having my life insured.'
'Wnv: Jody-' replied the wife 't
J 2?nney, will bo paid in case of ye
'Yes, in case of mvdeath. But ha
it all, I don't want to^fc^ If I had
store I could have it insured, burn
down, and make several hundred d
lars on the transaction, and you do
suppose that a man wants to come
suicide, Ido you ? Wonder ? if I ca
.rig up some scheme for'beating t!
'I don't see but one way, and tl
would result in the death of us bott
for Jody, if you were to die I wou
take poison. I would cut my th rc
with an old case knife rather than li
without my Jody,' and she put her ari
around his neck and wept.
'I tell you,' said the husband, aft
a few moments' reflection, 'I'll be foui
dead. Don't look frightened.' E
then unfolded his plans. He won
j get a skeleton put a lot of braised me
around it, stuff the whole arran gem ci
into an old suit of clothes, pot it in tl
bottom of a well not far. from the hon;
and cave! the walls in. The idea was
happy one. The coroner would hold a
inquest when the remains were brougl
out, everything would be ?satisfactory
and the insurance company would pa
the money. Then the husband woul
elip hornet take his wife and leave th
The oner morning a report was cit
culated Vo thc effect that a well ba
caved in upon Mr. Henhoper, and tba
his wife was almost crazy. Hen hope
was well known io Little Rock, and th
accident?caused a sensaci?n. Afte
three daJ? of hard work the manglet
remains; were reached. The corone
held a hurried inquest and the jury mei
held tbel noses and said, 'Poor fellov
what a horrible death !' The mone^
was paid to ?Irs. Henhoper. At om
time it w^s thought necessary to sene
her to al asyl?n, bnt she improved
gradual]/ until people said the blov
would not kill her.
Henhoper waited and waited expect?
ing to receive some word from his wife,
and failing stole, home at night. Thc
house was dark. Crawling through a
window,1 he entered his wife's room.
On a table lay a letter addressed tc
him The contents were as follows :
.Jody;: The idea of playing you are
dead is too sweet to relinquish, and I
have concluded to go away with anoth?
er man who tells me that he can judi?
ciously invest my ten .thousand dollars.
I am still your friend, however, and ii
you ever get hard up and tramp up my
way, you may rest assured that I'll give
you a lift'
Just ss Henhoper finished reading
the letter, an officer entered thc room
and led him to jail.-Little Rock
Mr C.- A. David, who returned from
New Yotk a few days ago, brought with
him a fae simile of the flattened bullet
which was fired at Guiteau by Sergeant
Mason. ' The strange part of it is that
j the bullet wheu it struck against the
stone wall, after it passed Guiteau in
Cae jail, was flattened into a shape
which is quite a perfect profile of the
assassin's head and face. Mr. Davis,
bas also a copy of the sworn statement
of the warden of the jail that the bullet
was found in exactly that shape after it
was fireAmy Mason..-Greenville News.
At one time darinji; the civil wary
when the Yankees made a .raid into
Ou ach i ta Parish, La. j a good many
negroes went off with thein.^Among
thc number who started was an old wo*
man living in Mooroo. She seemed
quite rejoiced at the idea of being free |
she clapped her hands and shouted and
called her friends to go with ber.
.Come 'long wid me, folkses, Pm gwins
to glory! Gwine to- glory in die here,
waggin ! Come 'long all of you, and
go wid me to glory ! Glory !'
But when the baggage was inspected
it was found that Aunt Malissy wal
taking an undue allowance, for besides
her trunks she had several kegs, bags
and barrels, some containing ashes and
others full of old bones and meat skins
for soap grease. The officer had them
all thrown out in the street, declining
to transport such freight. This high?
ly incensed Aunt Malissy. She quit
shouting 'glory7 and indignatly jumped,
out of the wagon and refused to go a
? step toward freedom without her trea
sures. 'You 'speck me to go an' l?avi?
half my plunder behind ? Hice me down
dat ar' bair-kivered tr ?ink er mine, an*
my blue chis1, an' my dogiruns, an''dat'
y nth er yaller trunk ; Fae gwine to stay
here, I is ! Ketch me leavin' dese dig
gin's widout my little bags er bones an*
my lillie barril er ashes ab4 my little
kags er bacon-rines !*
Some other darkey reminded Anni
Malissy that she was losing a glorious
opportunity for gaining her freedom,
bot she muttered i 'What's use bein'
free if you ain't got no soap gTease V
-Detroit free Press,
How Leather Scraps are ?ti*
Every little" scrap of leather (hat
flies from the cottera's knives in the
Auburn shoe shops is saved, and
either goes into leather-board, shoe
heels, or grease. Who says this isn't
an economical age ? About two
months ago a factory was started foi
making shoe heels in Auburn. They
now have about twenty-five hands afc
work and are making about 120 cases;
of heels per "day, or about 15,000
heels. The heels are made entirely
of small scraps of upper leather. The
scraps are first cut into the right
shape by dies. They arc-then packed
and sent to Chelsea, Mass., where die
bil is extracted from them by a secret
process. They come back dry, and
are then pasted together in wooden
heel molds. The grease is extracted
in order that the beek may be bur?
nished. They take as nice a polish
as a genuine sole leather heel. AH
the pieceB that will not go into heels,
are tried out, and the firm gets two or
I ?Fi?ee barrels of grease per week from,
this Source.' Tt isx-8sed--?gain for
leather dressing. The firm luT-so*
deavoringto obtain possession of the
naphtha process of extracting the oil
from the whole pieces, and thus save
expense of shipping to Massachusetts.
Their heels are largely used in. Au?
burn, and sell at $1.30 to $2.40 pei
case.-[Lewiston (Me.) Journal.]
He Used to be a Boy Himself!
The other day a show came top
Little Boca: and was shamefully im?
posed upon by Uncle' Isom. While
\ standing near tbe tent he saw a crowd
orW-spkHed boys grieving on ac?
count of financM-?e?ression,
"Does ye youngsters wanter go to
der show ?" he asked. - .
The boys responded ia noisy,
chorus. "Well, come on. den. I
uster to be a child myself, an' unlike
the most of men, I ain't forgot it.
"Count these boys," he added, ad*
dressing the doorkeeper. The man
began counting, and by the time the'
boys had passed in Isom Was Walking
around, talking to acquaintances from
"Here," said the showman, "give
me twenty tickets."
" What for ? Docs yptt think me A
"You passed in twenty boys, and I
want the tickets or the money ?"
"I doant owe yer no tickets, and I
doant owe yer no money. I didn't
tell yer to pass the boys in. I said
count 'em. I'se alwas heard that
showmen is good on rithmatic, and
I wanted ter satisfy myself. Yer say
dat dar was twenty boys. I doan
'spute yer word, ease I ain't no mathe?
matician. S posen I take a jot ob
boys ter de cashier of a bank an'
axes him ter count 'cm, does dat
signify dat de cashier is gwine ter
pass W into de money room ? No,
sah. Go back ter yer tent ; I see a
crowd goin' in*"
The showman, remembering that
be had left the entrance unguarded*
turned, aud Isom walked away.
From the "Agricultural Primer."-?
This Man tills the enfeebled Ground?
Is be a Farmer ? Oh, no; he is not a
Fanner. He is a Man who raises
Cotton in order to trade it off in the
Fall for an autograph held by a Guano .
Dealer. But you roust not laugh,
Children. This is a very serious
Business. Tn the merry, merry Spring?
tho Cotton Planter will hear eleven
of his Neighbors say they will raise
their own Hominy this Year. Then
he will smile under his Hat-b?nd and
go and buy a bale of Hay and a bar*
rel of Corn on Credit, and plant all hts
Land iu the Fleecy Staple, and then
he will stand around in the Sun in
front of the Village Grocery and say
that Times are very Hard and grow?
ing Harder. Children, always sow
your Wild Oats and plant your Cotton
before you get old enough to become
.Kinder close, is she?' 'Close? Why,
last month her husband died-fourth
husband, mind-I'm blamed if she
didn't take the door-p'r.te off the front
doer, had his age added, and theh'nailed -
on to the coffin. Said she guessed like?
ly she'd be wanting a new name on the
door soon, anyway.'
.Ah!' he.exclaimed, as he pressed
ber tenderly against hjs^vest at parting,
.shall I hold you in tw^^arma. again
to-morrow and paint *t?;ft?wi*h100 *
^_r the ?wag.