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THE SUMTER WATCHMAX, Established April, IS50.
Consolidated Aug. 2, 1881,1
lo Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's, and Truth's."
SUMTER, S. C., TUESDAY. AUGUST 1, 1882.
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established June, 1866.
New Series-Vol. IL No. L
Ul JEalcjintaii at? jlamljnnu
Jpp Published crery Tuesday,
WatchT?ian and Southron Publishing
SUMTER, S. C. '
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Every subsequent insertion.. 50
Contracts for three months, or longer will
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For. job. work or contracts for advertising
address Watchman and Southron, or apply at
the Office, to N. G. OSTEEN,
V A delicate tangle of lace md scent
k A tangle of lace : you gave it to me
r At the ball that night to k*ep for you.
I^While the quavering tones of the instru
I Swooned to a tune that we two knew.
"To keep?" I s vid, and I thought some
V- Tour dark eyes with their lids adroop,
f After the waltz, and the light caress
L OTyour warra smile-and tbe airy brow
E. of them answered a gracious "yes."
k It wa3 only a fancy of mine, may be,
?The pure conceit of a mind unskilled,
*In reading aright thc fickle text
Or|a girl's caprice-caprit?, ah, me I
But why should x^r mind grow vexed ? "
\* * *.* * * * *
liam thumbing the gossamer -.bread to
^While the lingering ghost of & dead per?
' Tinctures the drowsy air, as if
3:To recall the fact that, perhaps, you might
Have missed, in the wash, a hanker
I History^of Alexandria.
Alexandria, the Iskanderiyefa of tbe
^T?rks, was founded by Alexander the
[?rreat in 332 B. C. Struck by 'the ex
lent situation of the land near Lake
J.Mareotis and the Mediteranean, the
'-?Greek warriors summoned Dynocrates,
|? architect, aod-ordered bim to build
which should rival Tyre. In a
rears the city was built and thickly
ted. Eight years after Alexander
fiai'dsts foundation- with pompous
Pbmonies?\his embalmed body was
brought from Asia in a splendid gilded
chariot, which was drawn through the
principal streets, and a few days after?
ward the hero's remains were sepultur
ed in splendid style by Ptolemy Lagos.
A description of this chariot presents
a fair picture of ancient Alexandria in j
its glory, when its broad streets were j
filled with splendid pageants of soldiers; '
sumter horses caprisoned in gold and j
scarlet cloths; elephants, camels and
^_3rild animals seized by hunters in the
adjoining deserts. Alexander's f tm era!
car rested -on four massive wheels, all
thickly gilded, and each hub bore the
design of a lion's head worked in solid
gold. Sixteen mules pulled the vehi?
cle. Each wore a crown of gold, golden
bells tinkled .around their ears and from
their caprisons, and the collars of the
gaudy brutes were begemmed with pre?
cious stones. Reared high above the
body of the chariot rose a gilded dome,
the interior of which was decorated with
diamonds, rubies, emeralds and lapis
lazuli. In froot of the chamber stood a
pstyle with four Ionic pillars, and
lin the chamber were four pictures
[resenting events of the dead hero's
[reer. They portrayed him with his
?donian guards, his. trains of ele
its and camels, his cavalry charging
Tartar hordes of Bactria or prepar
to meet King Porns on the banks
ie Indus, 4'The Father of Waters,"
his war galleys preparing to an
late the fleet of Persia. These pic
looked down upon an empty
ineofgold, from the dome there
??g a massive crown of gold, and be?
th this symbol of power lay the
?k warrior embalmed in spices in a
In of solid beaten gold. The sarco
Igus said to have been used for Al
(lander found its way into the British
useum; and up to a few days ago the
lexandrian dragomans did not fail to
show the travehr the mausoleum of the
lu the eastern part of the city, called
the Brachium, the long line of Ptole?
mies had their palaces. Here Ptolemy
TI persecuted his brothers with blood
lirsty ferocity and at the same time
rgave the philosophers of the city extra?
ordinary encouragement; there the
third Ptolemy restored the worship of
the gods of ancient Egypt, and here
lived the men who planned the famous
(Pharos lighthouse and the celebrated
f libraries. J?lius Ceasar destroyed a
great portion of Alexandria accidental?
ly. Being compelled by the tactics of
bis enemies to burn the Egyptian fleet
io the harbor, the Sames caught the
eifcy^irpread rapidly and devoured the
p??a?^t??ii?grtoIemies and a library
containing 400,000. volumes. A few
years after this disaster Cleopatra's pro?
cessions brightened the Alexandrian
thoroughfares by their splendor. Here
the tawny Queen ruled her people with
capricious power, made love to Antony,
sailed about in her burnished galleys
and learned the efficacy of asp bges.
Alexandria suffered terribly from the
unbounded brutalities of the Roman
Emperor Caracalla. In A D. 213 he
ranged about his provinces like a wild
beast, destroying buildings, capricious
ereeting others, and murdering men
and women for a passing whim. He
came to Alexandria, and there, for no
apparent reason, issued general orders
for a massacre of the Egyptians. He
sat on a throne in the temple of Serapis,
whence he directed the slaughter of
many thousand citizens. He cared
nothing for the sacredness of any indi?
vidual. He wanted to amuse himself
byan indiscriminate slaughter. He
)ld the Senate afterward that he con?
sidered all Alexandrians alike his ene?
mies-those who were murdered, as well
those who were fortunate enough to
>e. The streets of Alexandria ran
blood, and the tyrant in the tem
serapis was delighted but not sat
hiffttry. He, deprived the Alex
andrians of their spectacles and pal
feasts; he separated the citizens ft
each other by building walls. "Thi
says Dion, *. was treated the unhaj
! Alexandria by the savage beast of i
I sonia," and this epithet he actually 1
Alexandria suffered from the viol
prejudices of her own inhabitants
well as from the caprices of men 1
Caracalla. The most, trifling occasi*
a transient scarcity of flesh or lent;
the neglect of an accustomed salutatii
a mistake of precedency in the pul:
I baths, a religious dispute (such, for
stance, as the sacrilegious murder o
divine cat) were at any time sufScii
to kindle a sedition amoDg the Alexi
drians, who eighteen hundred years a
according to the historian, united I
vanity and inconstancy of the Gr?e
with the superstition and obstina
of the Egyptians." Early in the th
century A. D. after the captivity
Valerian, and the rigor of the' Rom
rule had become somewhat relaxed, t
Alexandrians started a civil war arno
themselves which lasted almost withe
intermission for more than twel
years. Thc city became divided it
hostile quarters, tho principal buildin
were seized as citadels, much of Ale
andria was destroyed by the factioni;
and the streets were polluted with bloc
This calamitous civil war is said to ha
originated in a dispute between a tow
man and a soldier about the price o?
pair of shoes. A dreadful famine f(
lowed this war and almost annihil?t
the population of the miserable cit
In the reign of Diocletian (A. D. 2St
the Romans besieged Alexandria ar
destroyed the acqueducts which couve
edithe water from the Nile to the ii
habitants! This seige lasted eig
months, and its surrender was follow?
by a massacre of the starving citizen
many thousand of whom were put
the edge of the sword.
When the Christian religion bega
to spread througout the Roman Einpir
many martyrs to the new faith lai
down their lives in Alexandria; ac
when that religion had become a powe;
and the patriarch had become the chi?
magistrate, it was distracted continuall
by brawls, riots and murders-all "fe
the love of God." Rival patriarch
and bishops assassinated each othei
and their followers pursued a sioiila
lawless course. In the beginning e
the fifth century the iufuri?ted inhabi
tants ran wildly through the streets an
massacred the Jews; and the learne
and accomplished Hypatia, one day du
ring Lent, was torn from her chariot
stripped naked and butchered by a mo
of brutal fanatics instigated by Bisho
The Mohammedans were the next grea
source of trouble to the Alexandrians
lu 60S the Saracenic hordes were flushe
with victory and the thirsting for terri
tory and victims. A turon, acting 01
behalf of the Caliph Omar, marche*
upon Alexandria, accompanied by ;
powerful and enthusiastic body of Ars!
soldiers. In every attack the swor<
and banner of Amrou glittered in tin
van of the Moslem attack. The sieg
lasted for fourteen months. The be
seigers lost no fewer than 23,000 mei
beneath the walls, and the Alexandria!
losses were proportionately heavy, "j
have taken/' wrote Amrou to his Ca
iiph, "the great city of the West. I
is impossible for me to enumerate th<
variety of its riches and beauty, and 3
shall content myself by observing thai
it contains four thousand palaces, foui
thousand baths, four hundred theatre;
j or places of amusement, twelve thou?
sand shops for the sale of vegetable fooc
and forty thousand tributary Jews.'
The Romans made two attempts withir.
four years, to get back Alexandria, bul
Amrou repulsed them and he vowec
that if he had to drive the infidels inte
the sea a third time would render Al?
exandria as acctssible on every side as
the house of a courtesan. He disman?
tled parts of the walls and towers, bul
spared the people, and a mosque was
erected on the spot where he had stay?
ed the fury of his troops The most
lamentable calamity which befel Alex?
andria during her occupation by the
Caliph's vicegerent was the barbaric
destruction of her last remaining libra?
ry, the greatest then in the world
Pbilopouous, a Christian, whose con?
versation used to amuse Amrou in his
leisure hours, asked for the library as a
gift. Amrou was willing, but referred
the matter to the bigoted Caliph, who
ordered the library to be destroyed, on
the comprehensive ground that "if
these writings of the Greeks agree with
the book of God they are useless and
need not be preserved: if they disagree
they are pernicious and ought to be de?
stroyed." This doomed the library.
Its books and manuscripts were given
by Amrou to the flames, and it is said
that it took the 4,000 public baths of
the city six months before they could
consume them all in their furnaces.
Omar's fiat struck a blow not only to
the Alexandrians but to the whole
Under Alahommedan role Alexandria
plodded on in a ordinary fashion. Her
existence became so colorless that it is
not until the Napoleonic wars that she
again come into the notice of the world.
In 1783 Napoleon determined to land
at Alexandria and thus balk Admiral
Nelson who was trying to find him.
The French, numbering 4,000. arrived
at Alexandria at daybreak Upon the
sandy beach they met a few Arabs,
who fired their matchlocks and then
bolted into the city. Napoleon deter?
mined to follow their example. Bon,
with one column, marched on tho Ro?
setta Gate; Kiber, with a second, made
for the gate near the Pillar, and^Menou
with the third column, advanced from
near the Catacombs. The Arabs aud
Turks could not resist the French at
; tack. They were disposed to make a
desperate resistance in the tortuous
streets, wheu a Turkish captain medi
' ated effectually and the fighting ceas
. ed. Napoleon now contemplr-ted form?
ing an administration in Alexandria in
? accordance with the manners and cus
: toms of the country. In the month of
j July be resolved to strike a blow at
I Cairo, and marched after leaving 3,000
men to look after Alexandria in his ab
! sence. The desert marching proved
terribly trying to the soldiers, who
? were worried by the constant glare and
: beat and the persistency of Arab guer
. illas, who hang on the rear to murder
laggards. The j were met on the banks
)f the Nile by Mourad Bey, who offered
some resistance, and then retired back
m Cairo. When Napolean first caught
sight of the gleaming minarets of the
capitol, he galloped down the banks and
Sold his men enthusiastically that from
She summit of the pyramids forty cen?
turies were lookiug down upon them.
Nelson's defeat.of the French navy set?
tled Napoleon's career in Egypt, and
Alexandria once again fell into a color?
less career; from which she has now un?
happily emerged in all the horrors of
sanguinary war and pillage.
The Merchant of Venice.
The author of a new book of traves
ties on Shakespeare's plays shows himself
a student of Shakspeare, and very
cleverly alters the poet's language to
make ludicrous all he touches. His
version of Shylock's address to Antonio
is a fair sample of the liberties he has
taken with the original text, and is as
Signor Antonio, many a time and oft
th der Rialto you haf abused me
Ahout my moneys, und said dot
[ took more inderest in a year
Den der brincipal vas come to !
Still haf I borne all dose mit
A patient shrug;
For, vat you call it? Sufferance ?
Vas der badge of all our tribe.
i'ou call me bad names
Misbeliever, cut throat, son uv a gun,
Cheap Shon und so on.
Veil, den, it va$ now appeared
Dot you need mine helup !
i'ou come to me und you said,
"Mister Shylock, old poy, I vould
Like to borrow dree dousand ducats
Till next Saturday !" You said so !
iou. dot haf bootee? pje
Two, dree, six, several dimes.
Und spurned^mefrom your threshold
Like a dog ! Moneys is your suit, den,
By goodaess, you haf more cheek
As a book agent ? Should I not said :
Haf a dog money !
Do a son uv a gun
Keep a pank ackoundt ?
Didn't it peen impossibility
Dot a cur should lend you
Dree dousand ducats? Or,
Shall I oend low, and, in a bondsman's
:ilid bated breath acd vhispered humbleness,
Said this ;
Fair sir, you spit on me on Yendesday
Fou spurned me on Thursday ;
Du Friday you told me to vipe off
Mine chin off' ;
A nu udder dime you call me
Old Stiek-in-der-mud ;
Cud now, for dose dings,
I lend you-a five ceut nickel,
Und took a mortgage
Du your old bald head
You petter had not Dr. China's go.
Und pay up dem patent jars sheap,
Und in der fruit pisiaessgo.
Fruit is sheap and blcaty :
Und also paint and varnish pay
Io paint your cheek mit."
[From the Agricultura] Report Tor June.]
How to Hake Scuppernong
. - Wine.
LEESVILLE, LEXINGTON CO., S. C.,
July 1st, 1882.
Gol A. P. Babier :
My Dear Sir : The Legislature hav
iug removed the unwise restriction it
had imposed on tho sale of domestic
wines-the recent Act of the Geueral
Assembly allowing the producer to sell
not less than a gallon, or more, without
a license or taxation, I am induced to
furnish you for publication the modus
operandi by which I have, for many
years, succeeded in making the best of
Scuppernoog wine, as you and other
epicures well know ; and as the pre?
miums awarded to me at .the State aud
County fairs fully attest ; never having
contested for one without success.
When fully ripe, I have the grapes
gathered and washed clean. Then I
have them run between two wooden
rollers, 10 inches in diameter and 15
inches long, placed horizontally and so
adjusted as to mash all the pulps with?
out breaking a single seed. The roll?
ers are operated by a crank on each,
without the intervention of cogs, and so
turned as to draw the grapes through
from an open-mouthed hopper above.
This may be done by two brisk motioned
men smart boys, at the rate of a
bushel in 15 or lo seconds, as I have
often noted with a correct chronome?
ter. To prevent thc rollers from
clogging a thin, springy board should
be so arranged beneath them as tc
scrape off all adhering pulpy matter
and keep their surfaces clean. Thc
grapes, when thus ground and thor?
oughly pressed will yield nearly foui
gallons of juice per bushel. To each
tour gallons of juice I add one gallon
of pure water and ten pounds of refined
white sugar. Next, nearly fill with
this mixture a clean 'old whiskey
braudy or wine barrel,' leaving thc
bug open so the froth and light floating
matter may work out of it during the
first few weeks or fermentation.
There is no necessity for wasting mud
in this way, since thc excess of grap?
acid has been, to some extent, neutral?
ized by the addition of water, and thc
deficiency of grape sugar made up for
to a normal standard of good wine
by thc addition of cane sugar, that be
ing the only kin.: I have ever used
Both these additions are esscntia
points; aud I think more water mighl
be added, provided the same relativ?
proportion of sugar was kept up ; fe
there must be au over proportion of thc
acids stiii remaining, aud why not tun
them to a good account by adding wate:
and sugar, as recommended by DJS
Gall aud Petiot t Patent Office Kepor
1859, p. 94.
; My answer is, having succeeded si
well; I have been afraid to risk experi
menting further, my success seemingl;
i being complete. But it is net my pur
1 pose to discuss theories herc, but to se
! forth rules of actual practice in the fur
j ther treatment of young wine. Th
; sugar in the bottom of the barrel mus
j be stirred from day to day until all i
! dissolved. Then keep the barrel jus
' full enough to barely flow over, whil
at its highest state of fermentation, bj
adding from another vessel kept for th
purpose. Keep the bung covered wi^
a wire cloth or a piece of gauze ? so a
to bar out all insects, but not to
der thc escape of the froth and li
matter which it is desirable to get
of. This is all the care that will bc
quired until some cool clear day
March or April of the next year, w
the wine should be drawn off f
the lees with a syphon or |-inch ii
rubber tube and put in a clean old v
barrel, kept for the purpose, as
other will do well without sulphuring
practice I seldom resort to. A
emptying one barrel and washing
clean, and then drying the inside (w
out sulphuring) it serves to put
contents of the next in ; and so on i
the others until all are drawn off. '.
barrels should now be kept full as
fore, and the bung moderately clos
barely allowing thc gas to escape as
mentation goes on during the approa
ing warm season, which fermentati
however, will cease altogether by
following winter. The wine sho
then be drawn off the second time,
previously, only s till greater care mus
exercised to have it put ia such vesi
as will in no way injure the fine boque
has by this time acquired. It is r
free of all impurities ; perfectly cl
and ready fer use, but it will still i
prove with age ; and strange as it n
appear, I invariably find the bai
i used out of to improve faster than tb
remaining full. It is probable, h<
ever, that a few gallons left alone
a barrel would injure in i
course of a year, or less time 1
its surface being in contact with
much air, but I have never bad any
damaged. Hence, I think no wine
so easily kept iu good condition as 1
Scuppernong. In preserving, as *
as in making this class of wine, I hi
found no use for the vaunted w
cellar, held as indispensably i
cessary in the manufacture of otl
For more than ten years of the tm
ty of my experience, the wine I bs
made, to the greatest perfection, 1
been fermented in barrels kept in
framed building weatberboarded w
inch plank, and latticed so as to adc
plenty of light and a free circulation
air. The sun shines on the easte
side and southern end of it until noe
after which it is shaded by large oa
during the evening. And I find tl
the wine does fully as well in the sout
eastern corner of it, where the gi
strikes the walls with greatest force,
it does in those parts where the ra
never reach. This fact is worthy
note, for if costly wine cellars have
be constructed iu other countries,
well as in the United States, bofo
good wine can bc made from thc mc
favorite variety of other grapes, ho
much more desirable is it to have at o
command a native grape producing t
best of all wines under the most ine
pensive, as well as thc simplest proce
Lest it may be supposed that I ba
over-estimated the Suppernoog as
superior wine producing grape, I ref
you to the 'Report ou the saccharii
contents of native American grapes
relation to wine making, by Charl
T. Jackson, Boston/ to be f?und
'Report-Agricultural-of the Con
missioner of Patents for the year 185!
In Dr. Jackson's general remarks, ]
43, be says:
'Those grapes which contain lei
than 15 per cent cf saccharine matte
will require sugar or alchoholic spirit I
bo added to them ia order to make
wine that will keep. The celebrate
Scuppernong will not keep without tl:
addition of spirit or sugar, since tb
grape juice will not produce more tba
four and nine-tenths per cent, of alcoho
The rich flavor of this grape renders
particularly valuable, the wine bavin
the flavor and bouquet of the cele
bratcd Tokay wine of Hungarj
This grape is a native of Nort
Carolina. It is desirable that es
tensive vineyards should be estai
lished in that State expressly for tb
cultivation of this grape, which wi'
make a wine that will be most eagerl
j sought for as the best of American na
I five wines.'
Furthermore, in bis analytical re
marks on 38 varieties of grapes sent t
him from thc United States Paton
Offico for analvses, be says, on p
'No. 23, Scuppernong grapes, fros
, near Wilmington, N. C. These grape
, are more r markable for the high flavo
; of the wines they make than for th
. saccharine'matter they contain. It ha
always been necessary to add a portioi
: of brandy or some other spirit to kee]
i the wine from souring, neverthe
. less the Scuppernong wine is tb'
: best thus far produced in tb
. United States. The grapes have J
? very thick, leathery skin, which is o
. a green color, with a few rusty specki
i on thc surface of them. Thc pulp i:
[ soft and juicy, and the skins give ?
i peculiar aroma to the wine, which i
, similar to the Tokay, of Hungary
? Sometimes I have observed a peculia:
; bitter taste in thc wiue, due to th<
> crushed seeds of the grape, and no
. unfrequently the flavor and odor o
t whiskey indicate the introduction o
; that liquor into the wino. With prope:
. attention and care, Suppernong win?
? may be made so fine as to excel all othci
- wines made ou this continent; and 1
- would earnestly advise those interested
- to attend to thc cultivation of thia grap<
. in regions where the vine will grow
1 and make uso of more skill in the mam
t ufa clure of the wine. The grape wil
2 grow and ripen its fruit anywhere soutl
r of Washington, but has thus far provee
; more prolific in the soil of North Car
i ol i n a. especially near Halifax.
r "The sample of grapes I eporatec
. upon was sent to me from thc Uniter
t States Patent Office ou tho 3d October
) 'Ono pound of grapes when press?e
- yield.-; S Guid ounces of juice, which has
y a specific gravity 1,048, aud, by tables,
- j should contain ll per cent, of saccha
11 rinc matter, but by thc grape sugai
- j test, yielded 9.8 per cent., equivalen I
c j to 4.9 per cent, of absolute alcohol,
t j If 4 or 5 per cent, of sugar is addec
s during the fermentation of thc juice,
it the proportion of alcohol will be raised
c to that of sherry wine if the fermenta
? tion is allowed to become complete,
e Only the purest white sugar, sugar can
h dy, or refined syrup should be employ
Another method will give a
richer wine. Distil a portion of
wine and add the spirit obtained tc
wine when it is made and fined
will keep up the Savor of the Scuj
nong grapes, and not vitiate the
bj any foreign flavor, such as are g
by brandy and whiskey so often
into this wine.
I 'The Scuppernong grape vines
? as I learn, cultivated o ci trellises o
j bors, raised to some height above
i ground, as is practiced in Ischia
Thus far the vineyards are wholj
mestic institutions in North Carol
j but I think the cultivation of
I grape will amply repay any one
I will devote his entire energies to pl
j ing vineyards of this vine and
j manufacturing the wine on a Ia
Y/ben the learned scientific
Jackson wrote, more than thirty
years ago, he did not know then, a?
know now, that South Carolina i;
well adapted to the growth of the St
i pernong as is the olcTNorth State,
j that it is indigenous to the formet
well as to the latter. The first Si
pernong I ever saw, more than ha
century since, was growing wild in
woods, on Lightwood Creek, less t
five miles from this place. At
time there were but few cultiv;
grapes of any kind in this section of
country, and what few there were,
were of foreign varieties, Now
Scuppernong is the favorite, grow
luxuriantly and doing well in
thriving village, and all along
Ridge, to its very summit, dividing
waters of the Saluda and the Ed
as well as in the valleys. And I
lieve there is no place on the face of
earth where the Scuppernong can g
in greater perfection than it doos at
residence, six miles Southeast of h
The grapes never rot, are entirely
from blight, and if killed by late fr
as they often are so low down in
Edisto valley, the vines neverthe
j put cut again the same year, and j
j duce a full crop of perfect fruit.
I have had to make this article ra
longer than desirable for your limi
space, but I am unable to see how
condense it, and yet do anything 1
justice to the subject in hand.
The Grange and Polities
What thc Master of the Grange has to
oa the Subject.
PRESIDENT'S OFFICE STATE GEANGB
CE;APPELL'S, NEWJJERF.Y CO , S.
February 26, 1832
To the Editor of the Columbia R?gis?
Mr. Editor: Enclosed I send yo
j letter from Hon. T. N. Edin's,
i Marlboro, and my answer thereto
[ the subject of polities in the Grange
j the Grange in politics, which I ask j
i to publish in your very excellent a
j able poper. As it is a subject of s.]
eific interest to erory member of I
order of Patrons of Husbandry, a
I they are subscribers in greater or li
j number to every paper published in I
j State, I respectfully request each a
j every paper to copy this correspondit
j into its columns. Please send me
I few extra copies that I may send th<
to other States. Very respectfully,
JAS. N. LIPSCOMB,
Master State Gran?
CLIO, S. G., February 10, 18S2.V
j Eon. J. N. Lipscomb:
Sir-T see there is a measure on fe
j to lug the Grange into politics. I wr
j to you as the Master of our St?
. Grange for information and ask yo
I views cn the measure. Hoping to bc
from you soon, I am, in full rcspei
your friend and Brother*
T. N. EMXS.
Eon. T. N. Edins:
DEAR SIP. AND BROTHER: I have ju
received yours of February 10th, sa
ing:* I see there is a move on foot
lug the Grange into politics. I wri
to you as Master of our State Gran;
for information and ask your views <
on the measure.'
I suppose this alludes to a newspap
recently established in Columbia, nam?
the Reform Signal, and its claiming
j be an agricultural and grange pape
j As I understand it, this paper was e
j tabiished by a number of stockholder
j most of whom are members of Feaste
j ville Grange, Fairfield County. Tl
j Master cf that Grange wrote me a lett
j and the Grange passed a resolution an
i sent it to mc, setting forth thoo such
j paper was to be issued to advocate tl
j interests of the Grange and agricultui
without setting forth either the name i
political tenets of it. To this I replie
I that the State Grange had acted upc
the matter of a newspaper organ for
and its officers, and had placed the ma
ter in the hands of its Executive Con
mittee to carry out. When thc Exc<
utivc Committee takes final action, sai
action will bc mandatory upon mc an
the other ofiiccrs of tho State Grange
and suggested that any proposition c
to being an organ, be submitted in wrii
iu<? to the Executive Committee,
could, therefore, do nothing as to cor
stituting or recognizing said paperas i
any way connected with thc Stat
Grange, but I was glad to see that
paper was going to be published thc
iutended to advocate agriculture an
grange, as it claimed, and that I or an
j officer would cheerfully furnish any in
formation from our respective officer
that might bc of interest to its subscri?
ors who were patrons of husbandry,
j closed by saying that there could be n
J political connection between thc G rang
j or any of its officers and a newspaper c
! any kind. T laid the correspopdenc
and matter before Bros. Patterson an
Massey of the Executive Committee
Bro. Norris not present, nnd thc con
j elusion was that nothing was t<> bo don
j by thc Com mittue or me unless som
j definite proposition was made, and thc!
j we would act. Upon this ?tatemen
j thc matter stands (his way. So far a
j Fcastervillc Grange is concerned th
J 'Rrj'orm SignaV is an organ, but so fa
j as the State Grange is concerned th er
; is not the slightest foundation for sucl
j an assertion, orso far as ? kuow as t
! any number of individual members c
j the order. T have never received bu
; one note, except these from Fcastervil;
? j Grange, before stated, or had but a sin
. j gie patron to talk to me in such a wa;
j as to causej|D^^|^^yU?as claim
I ed to represent thc State Grange or or
j der. The State Grange adopted a res
? o?ution instructing its Executive Coni-'
mittce to make an effort to have the
Agricultural Bureau and State Agri?
cultural Society join it in publishing a
paper that would serve as an organ for
j each respectively, and failing in that,
to recommend to the Order in the State
the 'SpiitJicrn Patron? a graoge paper
nov? published in Mississippi. A com?
munication from the Executive Com?
mittee of the State Grange is now in
the hands of Governor Hagood, Chair?
man of Agricultural Bureau, awaiting
a meeting of said Bureau, and the Ex?
ecutive Committee is waiting for an an?
swer to said proposition as preliminary
to action as to the Mississippi paper.
Now, as to politics io the Grange.
There can be none of a partisan charac?
ter, and so far as I am concerned, al?
though always considered a rather ex?
treme 'straight-out Democrat/ I have
endeavored to do no act or say no word
that would have the slightest semblance
of political partiality in ray intercourse
with the members of the order, officially
or otherwise, and I feel confident that
such members as belong to other polit?
ical parties Bril?, sustain me in the asser?
tion. Some even in the order, may not be
aware that even in South Carolina there
are 'Republicans' and 'Greenbackers,'
as well as 'Democrats,5 in the Grange,
and some of tho most efficient Masters
and officers of some of the strongest and
most flourishing Granges are of the two
first named. IQ other States thc edi?
tors of grange organs are divided
among the .various parties. My views
as to politics in the Grange are to dis?
cuss anything and everything of bene?
fit or interest to the order or the people,
but to do it strictly as Patrons, and not
as either Democrats, Republicans or
Greenbackers, and when a conclusion is
reached that is deemed wise, true and
just, then let each and all go to their
political party meetings and work and
insist that said party shall act and aid
in carrying such conclusions out. On
this ground I stand in the National
Grange and in the State Grange.
There can be no harm done in dis?
cussing and considering any question, if
this rule is fairly adhered to, and the
Grange would be more useful and bet?
ter appreciated if it was more exten?
sively used in this way.
Now, I have written you a long let?
ter, as Master of State Grange, and be?
fore closing I want to say a word as
an official citizen.
There seems a great want of proper
understating among the people, and
between the people and their public rep?
resentatives and officials. Does not
much if net all this come from our not
fairly and fully expressing our views
and wants at the right time and in the
right way ? Instead of grumbling,
abusing sud denouncing our represen
" tatives and threatening to quit the
Democratic party after things arc done,
would it not bc bolter to determine
what wc want and what we don't want
done, and bc Dure we'select tue men
that know how and will do things tc suit
j us ? No man rcaiizc-s more fully than
i ? that dec-p and thorough reform is
needed in the public affairs of the State,
I and also in tho D?mocratie party, and
j co one will go farther to eirect and to
secure it than I, within the party; but
I fail to see that chances or prospects of
reform are any mere promising on the
outside than tue inside.
There may be a Ming' in the Demo?
cratic party, and if there is I will aid
all I can to break it up and defeat it; but.
if it can't bc done a Ld I must allow a
ring to 'run' tuc, I -want to be sure it is
a Democratic one, and am not at
all disposed to run .out of a Demo?
cratic ring into unknown rings. If
the Democratic party is run by a
ring, what, guarantee have I. that
other parlies are not run by more ob?
jectionable ones ? As John Randolph
said, when a man bantered him to bet
ou the race-course, and said : 'My
friend here will held the stakes.' 'Yes;
but who in the devil will hold your
The Democratic party is bad enough,
but I don't intend to 'fly from the ills I
have to those I know not of.' Let us
all still stick to our State Democratic
organization and fighi; for reform with
iu it, but not leave it until the last
plank sinks. Then it will be time
enough to form new ties. Now for re?
form within the party whiie organizing
to fight all opponents in tue coming and
future campaigns. As there is some
misapprehension as to the Grange, and
j many false ideas as to its position in
this State, I would like yea should give
as much publicity as you can to what
I have writtcu you, even to publishing
it in the newspapers. But if so, do !
do ! see that it is done correctly, for I
am sometimes made to say things I nev?
er thought. Let me hear from you
soon and give mc your vievs and those
cf the order in your part of thc State.
Very respectfully and fraternally,
JAS. N. LIPSCOMB.
Farm and Garden Jtfotes.
Sorghum seed is readily eaten by
j poultry, and is better for small chick
j cns than corn.
Milk should stand at least thirty-six
hours before skimming to get good re?
sults. Farmers take notice.
It is now claimed that potash in lieu
of ashes or the potash salts is excellent
for grape vines if fruit is defective in
If sulphur is well dusted around Mic ,
sheds and hog-pens it will effectually
drive oft" lice. Put it on the hogs, also,
and leave a little in thc trough for them
Nearly all kinds of fruit do weil on a
mixturo of superphosphate and wood
ashes. Lime is not suitable for straw?
berries, but excellent around apple,
peach and pear trees.
Every farmer should select a portion
of rich soil, clear from weeds, which
should be devoted to roots such as
beets, turnips, rutabagas or carrots for
feeding cattle and hogs. They arc
?rood starters for fall feeding.
The maa who iocs fishing, and sits
in a cramp-inviting position on a narrow
thwart from car/y morn till dewey eve,
and calls it 'fiuo,' is the iiarac mau whe^
never goes to church because the jpews
are not 'comfortable/ ^ ~
On Hon. A. H. Stephens and Polities in
Now let us have peace. Mr. Ste?
phens is chosen and the people have
done it, and there's been no juggling or
pulling of wires, it becomes everybody
to acquiesce and get in a good humor if
they can. Major Bacon is a little sore.
I reckon, but then he is young and good
looking, and can afford to wait. I know
a heap of folks who are older than he is,
and as well qualified, that have necer
had any office at all. The mistake that
some folks make is they work up an
idea that the office is theirs, when the
truth is it beloBgs to the people. Gene?
ral Gartrell has got a claim, aod Major
Bacon has a claim, and Colonel Some?
body else has a claim, but these sort of
claims won't stand before a jury. I
don't know who was the father. of this
business-that is, of getting Mr. Ste?
phens to run-but he is a smart man
shore. He saw the breakers ahead.
He snuffed the battle from afar. The
independents were massing their forces,
and they were going to run Mr. Ste?
phens themselves, when suddenly the
organized come along and stole him and
carried him off, and they have got bim
yet, and I think they will keep him
until he is elected, and maybe longer.
I don't know-nobody knows.
The independents had a big horse
pistol and have been pointing it around
and skeeriog everybody, wben suddenly
the organized slipped up and grabbed it
by the muzzle and went to beating the
independents over the head with the
breech of it. It was a regular case of
larceny, it; was-larceny and an assault
and battery besides, and they added in?
sult to injury, for they used words cal?
culated to make a breach of peace. I
don't blame the independents for being
mad^but then, on reflection, I don't
think anybody has anything to brag of.
It is a sort of dog fall all around. If
the organized have whipped the fight
they had to steal the ammunition to do
it. It. reminds me of the time when
the whig boys of our town sent down to
Decatur and borrowed a cannon to make \
a noise with at a Dr. Miller barbecue, \
and the night it got there the Demo-[
eratic boys stole it while it was raining !
and carried it off in a swamp, and when
Lumpkin was elected over Miller they
got it out about midnight and fired it off
for victory. Fin not going to holler
for anybody just yet. Mr. Stephens
will make a good enough governor for
me or for anybody else, and be will dig?
nify and adorn the office at home and
abroad, but I don't thictk he will be
one-sided in the distribution of his pa?
tronage, and the independents will stand
as good a chacee as anybody. Thar's
all right with me, for we have had
quarrels enough, and too much, and
some of us are getting along io years,
audit don't become us to fuss and fret,
and abuse one another while waitingfor
the ferryman to come with bis boat.
You editors especially, who are the bea?
con lights that guide us on our way,
ought to advise harmony and peace, and
good will and show your precepts by
your example, and keep the peace your?
selves. It don't pay to getMnad about
anything, much less about politics.
Getting mad cheats a man out of his
time. He can lose a day or two days,
or even a week, thinking about it and
fretting over it, and that interferes with
his business and deranges his digestion,
and makes his family unhappy. He
had better go dead for awhile and come
to life again. Getting mad is the poor?
est way to get even with an enemy I
ever tried. It don't pay worth a cent
and always makes a man loose his own
self-respect Now a man may get mad
with himself for being a fool and it will
do him no harm. In fact, it may be
good, for it's a sign of repentance. I
knew a young man to go to a church
fair and the girls honeyfuggled sis dol?
lars out of him and he went home and
undressed and tied one arm to the bed?
post and whipped himself with the other,
and as he cut himself round the legs he
would say ; "You go to another church
fair ! you let them girls fool you out of
your mouey again ! You pay ten cents for
every fool letter they stick at you !
You give half a dollar for a little dab of
ice cream-I'll learn you some sense, t
will,' and as he talked to himself he
kept the switch going lively and would
dance up and down just like he was
some other fellow. Now that is a good
idea. When a man makes a fool of
himself and goes a rippin around let
bim tie himself up and give himself a
good whipping and then take a fresh
start in the morning. If a man gets
into a fight with another man he might
accidentally get whipped, aud then
everybody would hear of it, but if he !
whips himself all by himself it will do j
more good and nobody would ever know
anything about it. i
But I'm very hopeful now of a gene?
ral reconciliation. If wc can all com?
promise on Mr. Stephens and bury our
tom my hawks, it will be splendid. Wil?
lingham says he is awaiting to see what
kiud of a platform the organized fis up
for Mr. Stephens to stand on before he
commits the Free Press to him. Well,
I think we can fix that with a little short
resolution, "viz: -'Resolved, That, an
independent democrat is just as good as
an organized democrat, if not better
Just leave it that way with the 'pro?
vided' stuck on for imagination, and
everybody can finish it according to
their taste. I think Father Willing?
ham will go that for peace and especial?
ly if he can't do any better. Don't
I you ?
-> t o or II ?
Tackling the Wrong Man.
I The commercial traveler of a Phil
I adelpUia house while in Tennessee
I approached a stranger as thc train
j was about to starts ami said : "Atc
I you going on this train ?" "? am."
I "Have you any baggage?'7 "No."
"Well, my friend, you can do mc a
i favor, and it won't cost you anything.
' You see, I've got two rousing big
j trunks, and they always make mc pay
extra for one of them. You can get
one checked on your ticket and we'll
j euchre them. See?" "Yes, I soe:
but I haven't any ticket." "But ?
'thought yon said you were going cn
W "So I am. I'm the
jjiews ana uossip.
The Philadelphia Times savs that
cart loads of old cigar stumps are gath-"'
cred in the cities and manufactured into
nice cigarettes. Delicious ?
Law is like a sieve, you may seo
through it, but yon must be consider*
able reduced before you can get through'
A New York physician condemns tho
use of the dotted veils tho ladies are
using. He reports several cases of
permanently injured eyes caused by Chis
Analysis of the pumpkin shows that'
that the rind of the vegetable is nearly
three and a half times as rich' ia albu?
minoids as the flesh.
In the mountains-Arabella (wfaose:
soul is wrapped in science :) ?Charlea
isD't this gneiss?' Charles (who ist
deeply interested in Arabella:) 'Nice!
According to a Dublin Castle ref?.
turu, there are over 300,300 register-^
ed dog's in Ireland, which bring an in-'
come to the revenue of more than ?30
000 a year.
The wrong men always get rich. It
is thc fellow without money who is al-"
.ways telling you how much good he '
would do with it if hs had it.
The oldest Presbyterian church ia*
the world, the Waldensian, sends out'
more missionaries from her Highland
valleys - than ail her ministers ai
'The bees arc swarming, and tb ere V
no end to them,' said farmer Jones,"
coming into the house. His little boy,
G-eorge, came in a second afterwards
and said there was an end to one of 'em
and it was red hot, too.
S weeden bas a population of 3,500,
000. Tili recently the Swedes were
among thc most drunken people in
Europe. They have turned overa LOW
leaf, and are now the most temperate
nation in the wido world. There are
but 450 drinkiog-places in all Sweden.
The reform has been carried, out by
means of a Permissive Prohibitory
Ashland the home of Henry Clay,
has come back into the possession of his
family, having been purchased a few
days ago by Major Henry Clay McDow?
ell, who married the daughter of Col.
Henry Clay, of Buena Vista fame.
Ashland, fifteen years ago, was pur?
chased by citizens of Lexington as a
site for an agricultural college, which
proved an unsncessful project.
Henderson Gold Leaf says the pre?
vailing warm weather and recent rains ?
of the..past week have been as favorable
to growing crops as could be desired. '
Cotton bas Taken a fresh start, and is
coming out wonderfully. Corn^ yigor^-^
rous and healthy looking and is grow-" ?
ing finely; tobacco is looking, well,
and all others ctops ditto. Indeed, the'
reports from all sections of this imme?
diate neighborhood are abundantly in?
dicative of a propitious season.
Mr. W. W. Seay, of Rome, Ga., one
of the best chemists in the State, is
experimenting with watermelons for
the purpose of extracting sugar. His
experiments so far, in a small way, io-.
duce him to believe that a fair lot of
melons contain an average of seven per
cent, of saccharine matter, or pure,
^sugar. He estimates 34,500 pounds of
melons per acre, and these would pro?
duce, at 7 per cent, of saccharine
matter, 2.415 pounds of sugar, and
worth, at ten cents, ?241.50-Rovie
The census shows that the colored
voters have a majority of 1400 in the
1st, 4,800 in the 2sd, 864 in the 5th,
! 988 in the 6th and 25,000 in the 7th
district. The whites have a majority of
652 in the 3d and 685 in the 4th dis?
trict. The registration is much more
! favorable than this. The county of
j Sumter is in the black district, but the
j friends of Congressman Richardson
may propose bira for another district,
j as a Congressman is not compelled to
I reside in his district.-Spariunlurg
The political campaign in South Car?
olina has been inaugurated in the usual
manner by the murder of the Green- .
back candidate for Governor, Major
Blair. The Southern Democracy ls
preparing the way for Republican suc^
cess in 18S4. Scratch the skin of a
Southern Democrat and thc wild beast
shows itself as plainly now as in the
past. Fraud, violence, intimidation
and murder are and ever will be Jbhe
favorite political methods in the South
until the land is occupied by another
and a better race.-Dubuque (3/??A.,)
A correspondent of the Nashville
American says : A gentleman who has s
good reputation for truth and veracity,
and who enjoys the confidence - of the
persons in charge of the Medical Muse?
um, stated to your .correspodent that
the head of Guiteau was embalmed and
severed from thc body on the night fol?
lowing the execution, but was placed in
position in the coffin and kept there
until the whole cadaver was removed
to the Medieal Museum. The bead,
stated my informant, is in a state of
splendid preservation, and will be plac?
ed on the skeleton as soon as wired.
Thc whole will be dressed tn the suit
the assassin last wore, and will be
placed on exhibition at the Museum.
It is a valuable subject for thc institu?
tion, and the query is, How much did it
cost ? V '_
A Calf Swallowed by a Cat?
About two weeks ago Mr. Smith, liv?
ing a few miles from Calhoun, Ga., on'
i the Oostanaula river, lost a yearling
! heifer about three years old, and as it'
j was fine stock made diligent search, but
I could not find it. A few days ago a
! party of young men fishing on the river'
were attracted by the smell of a 'dead
! carcass, and upon examining the caase,
I lo and behold they found a monster
j catfish, which had swallcwed the calf,
j and the horns of the calf becoming
I entangled in the fish's gills bad drowa
. eu the fish. The fish, measured ex
! exactly twenty-three feet and seven
; inches in length, and was five feet
' eight and one-quarter ia^e^^ross the^ .
head, and from thejg^ fc^i