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TELE SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April, IS50.
'Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's, and Truth's.
Consolidated Aug, 2, 1881.1
SUMTER, S. C., TUESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1882.
THE TKUE SOTJTHROX, Established Jurie, 1866.'
New Series-Vol. IL *o. 2.
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Al^.-i. kim_"X, ??
Published every Tuesday,
Watchman and S?tdhron Publishing
I SUMTER, S. C.
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THE OLD POLKS,
As I sit beside the fire, dear Jane,
And gaze upon your face,
And see the many furrows deep,
Where time has left his trace
My mind goes back to old times. Jane,
When yon were young and fair,
No wrinkles on your pure white brow,
No silver in your hair ;
And I a fair and sturdy youth,
With all my heart did strive
To pop the. fatai question/which
Should bind us all our lives.
Yon well remember how, dear Jane,
You had to help me through,
As yon have helped me ever since.
To be both good aad true ;
And how the parson; dearest Jane,
Did make us man and wife.
Since that, we have gone armin arm,
Along the path of life !
I never have regretted, dear,
? The vow which I theo took,
"To cherish until death did partt"
As taught in the good book.
Oar boy is now a man, dear Jane,
And 9oon will choose a wife,
I hope he'll get as good a one.
As I have had through life.
Our race is nearly mn now, Jane
The parson said to-day,
To make our peace with God and man,
Before we reach'd the grave,
I hope we'll meet in heaven, Jane,
In that dear land of rest.
I know your record there, will stand
Among the very best.
[From the Cultivator and Dixie Farmer.]
? MAN'S PEDIGREE.
'atire on the Follies and Pompous
laims of Woidd-be Great People.
The^peorgla Philosopher Discourses of
the iamily Tree. And Tells hew little
He who Boasts the Most Knows of His
Family Before Him.
"Honor and shame from no condition rise,
Act well yoor part-there all thebonor lies."
Pride of ancestry is a good thing.
A young man has a right to be proud
of a nobler father, but the danger is
lie generally leans on him too strong
and don't do anything for himself.
It is very seldom indeed that a great
mau has a great son; old Joliu Adams
did and so did John Quincy Adams,
but Henry Clay didn't, nor Calhoun,
nor Webster, nor Tom Jefferson, nor
Patrick Henry, nor any of our nota?
bles. I wonder why it is ? Thor?
oughbred horses keep on getting bet?
ter and better and faster and faster,
and they hold up their heads and look
proud, arrd step with a disdainful
spring, like the ground wasn't good
enough for 'em, but the son of a great
1 man ain/t much account and just lays j
around and talks about pap. I al?
ways feel sorry for a young man who
has to bank on his daddy's fame.
He gets attention and is considered
bon ton and ail that, but everybody
talks pitiful about him and says, "well,:
he is a clever boy but he will never
make the man bis father is." There
is too much contrast to be comforta?
ble. A great man's son is in a deli?
cate position, but he can get along
very well if he ain't biggoty.
Great men's children are very much
like rich men's children-there is
nothing for 'em to do-nothing be?
hind 'em to spur 'em up, no mo?
tive, no ambition, no fear of want.
But of all the fools in the
world, deliver me from these
stuck ups who claim to be blooded
stock, descendent8 of the Fl F. V's,
or the F. F's of any other State, and
who put on airs of condescension
when they mix with common people.
They are not the sort to rely on when
.war or trouble comes. They will run
from dangei on the first alarm. Ped?
igree is a good thing among horses,
^ut a man had better not investigate
his own ancestry wi*h too rauch con?
fidence. He will run tm against a
scrub on one side or the other. I've
got nothing agin scrubs, some of the
best people I know are mighty com?
mon stock, but they are i;onest, true
and humble. The war tried men,
and the scrubs held on and held out
as good as anybody. The scrubs are
not always hunting round for office
and an easy way to live without work.
These chronic office hunters talk
mighty sweet and get around lively
-when they are lectioneering, but they
are not the best people in a commu?
nity. One time the king took a jour?
ney with all his attendants, and a boy
who was sitting on the fence, told
him he had better stop awhile and get
under the wagon shed, for it was go?
ing to rain like blazes before lie could
get to the next house. The king
dident believe him and went OJ, and
sure enough a thunderstorm come up
in a hurry and it rained tremendious,
and the king went back to find out
how the boy knew it was coming'.
"Why," said be, "daddy's old jack
was a bruyiii', and he always brays
just before a rain." So the king
bought the jack and took him to his
royal stables and set him up as a
weather prophet, and had Lim fed
high, and groomed, and mad^ much
of him, and now, they say, that every
since then every jackass in the coun?
try wants an office. Jesso ?
It ain't one man in a thousand that
knows his own pedigree for three
generations back, for he has ?j. ot four
grand-parents, and eight great-grand?
parents, and sixteen great-great-j
grand-parents, and so on doubling
every time and some of'em were mean
stock, and the meanness will crop out
away down the line in spite of pray?
ers and preachin' and abundance of
punishment. Scrubs con^e from great
men and great men come from scrubs
and there is nothing for a man to be
proud-of but his own good conduct.
Let every tub stand on its own bot?
tom. There are two pitiful sights in
human nature, one is a proud old ar?
istocratic family, broken down in
purse and position, and the other is
to see the children of a scrub who
has got rich, putting on aristocratic
airs, and strutting around like they
were better than anybody. The first
set back too much on breeding and
the last too much on money. Tom
Perry was the best specimen of a
scrub I ever saw. Tom was bound
out, when a boy, and worked bare?
footed all the winter, and he was
pigeon-toed, and tongue-tied, and
bushy-haired, and pop-eyed, but he
had a big heart in him, and a power
i ful will, and he never got tired of
! work. Tom Perry was always doing
something for somebody. He was
the best friend the widow and the or?
phan had in that community. He
was the most unselfish citizen of his
town, and done more for it than any?
body according to his means and ca?
pacity. Old Dr. Benkman said to me
j one day, "mine friend, let every man
j work up to his capacity in dis life
and he viii be a prince in heaven."
Well, Tom Perry did that. He had
but little learning and less manners,
but he made the very best use of his
limited capital, for he lived to do
good and he died lamented. Rome
never had a better friend nor a more
useful citizen. Dick Wilson was a
scrub; Dick used to haul wood to
Gainesville and wore one gallus and
no shoes, and the end of his shirt
stuck out, but he worked hard to
support his poor old parents, and one j
day Cincinnatus Peoples picked him ?
up and sent him to school and hired
a boy to work in his place, and Dick
rose forward and upward, and now
he owns two or three railroads and
lives in New York like a prince, but
he never was ashamed of his raising
and took good care of his parents,
anh helped out his poor kin, and that
is the kind of scrub I like, and they
j are the best hope of the country,
i But I know scrubs who have got rich
j and are spoiling their children, and
setting 'em up as far above the line
! as they themselves used to be below
I it. They ride to church in a fine car?
riage, and rent the fiuest pew, and
live in a palace, and go to the springs
every summer for their delicate
health. Their fathers used to plow
all summer barefooted in rocky fields
over treedsafts and dewberry vines,
and scratch the ticks and red-bugs
all night, and set on a puncheon slab
in a log church on Sunday, and he
ain't got use to riding in a phaton
yet, for he don't know whether to
lean forwards or backwards, and
when the phaton crosses a rise in the
road he don't rise with it in graceful
undulations but humps himself awk?
wardly and thinks everybody is look?
ing at him. And so the world wags
along up and down. Here she goes
and there'she goes, but theie is no
security for anybody except in good
conduct. "Act well your part
there all the honor lies."
Quaint Custom? of Love-Making and Mar?
riage among a Vanishing Kace.
The 2,000 Chocktaws still living in
their ancestral home io Mississippi, re?
tain in their pristine vigor many of the
usages of their ancestors. Among
these are the methods employed in con?
ducting a courtship and the marriage
ceremony. When a young Chocktaw,
of Kemper or Neshoba County, sees a
maiden who pleases his fancy, he watch?
es his opportunity until he finds ber
alone. He then approaches within a few
yards of her, and gently casts a pebble
toward her, so that it may fall at her
feet. He may have to do this three or
four times before he attracts the mai?
den's attention. If this pebble throw?
ing is agreeable she soon makes it
manifest; if otherwise, a scornful look
and a decided "ekwah" indicates that
his suit is io vain-.
When a marriage is agreed upon the
lovers appoint a time and place for the
ceremony. On the marriage day the
friends and relatives of the prospective
couple meet at their respective houses
or villages, and then march toward each
other. When they arrive near the
marriage ground-generally intermedi?
ate space between the two villages
they halt within about a hundred
yards of each other. The brothers of
i the woman then get across to the oppo?
site party and bring forward the mao,
and set him down on a blanket spread ;
upon tbe marriage ground. The man's
I sisters then do likewise by going over
j and bringing forward the woman and
seating her by the side of the man.
Sometimes, to furnish a little merri?
ment for the occasion, the woman is
expected to break loose and run. Of
course she is pursued, captured and
All parties assemble around the ex?
pectant couple. A bag of bread is
brought forward by the woman's rela?
tives and deposited near her. In like
manner thc man's relatives bring for?
ward a bag of meat and deposit it near
him. The man's friends and relatives
now begin to throw presents on the
head and shoulders of the woman.
These presents are of any kind that thc
donors wish to give, as articles of cloth?
ing, money, trinkets, ribbons, &c. As
soon as thrown they are quickly snatch?
ed off by the woman's relatives and dis?
tributed among themselves. During
all this time the couple sit* very quietly
and demurely, not a word spoken by
j either. When all the presents have
been thrown and distributed the couple,
now man and wife, arise, the provisions
from the bags are spread, and, just as
? in civilized life, the ceremony is round?
ed off wirh a festival. The festival j
over the company disperse and the gai- j
I Iant groom conducts his bride to his j
! home, where they enter upon the toils
and responsibilities of the future.
State Democratic Convention.
On Tuesday, August 1st at 12 M.
the State Democratic Convention was
called to order, in the Hall of the
House of Representatives, by uren. J.
F. Izlar, Chairman of the State Exec?
utive Committee, who made a brief
but patriotic address, after which he
called Wm. Munro, Esq., of Union,
to the chair, as temporary chairman,
who also made a brief but spir?
ited address. |
Messrs. J. A. Simons, of Charles?
ton, and G. W. Nicholls, of Spartan
burg, were appointed temporary Sec?
The roll, by counties, was called,
and the names of delegates enrolled,
each county having a full representa?
On motion of Col. J. H. Rion, the
temporary Chairman and Secretaries
were made the permanent officers of
The rules of the House of Repre?
sentatives, 60 far as relates to mat?
ters of debate, were adopted.
The following Vice Presidents were
First District-Theo. G. Barker.
Second District-J. H. Brooks.
Third District-R. E. Bowen.
Fourth District-S. S. Crittenden.
Fifth District-J. C. Coit.
Sixth District-W. C. Coker.
Seventh District-J. D. Branding.
Treasurer-J. Q. Marshall.
The following Committee on Plat?
form and Resolutions was appointed:
T. A. Cannon, T. J. Davis, Dr. T.
A. Hudgeo8, D. P. Sojourner, J. G.
Barnwell, J. J. Mikell, J. W. Barn?
well, S. P. Hamilton, J. C. Coit,
J. J. Ingram, M. P. Howell,
S. A. Gregg, R. G. Bonham, Henry
C. Davis, R. M. Dozier, T. Q. Don?
aldson, G. N. Moore, C. P. Quattle
baum, W. D. Tranthara, IraB. Jones,
J. B Humbert, A. Mimms, J. G. Blue,
C. S. McCall, Geo. S. Mower, John
W. Shelor, S. P. Dibble, R. A. Child,
J. Q. Marshall, G. Cannon, J. W.
Hudson, D.P. Duncan, S. M. Gillaod.
A resolution was introduced to
change Article 7 of the Constitution
so that the representation to the Dem?
ocratic Convention should be one Del?
egate from each three hundred mem?
bers on the roll of each Democratic
Club, and oue for every fraction of
three hundred. Referred.
Mr. Cannon introduced a resolution
that when the delegation is not full
the delegate present shall cast the
full vote. Rejected.
Mr. Murray moved to reconsider,
which motion was tabled.
Mr. Earle of Sumter offered a reso?
lution that candidates for State offi?
ces be voted for in the following
order : 1st. Governor ; 2d. Lieuten?
ant Governor ; 3d. Secretary of
State ; 4th. Attorney General ; 5th.
Treasurer ; 6th. Comptroller General ;
7th. Superintendent of Education;
8th. Adjutant General-which was
Mr. Earle also moved that the vote
be taken by Counties, and that as the
roll of each County is called the
Chairman of the delegation shall rise
aud announce the vote of his delega?
Mr. Carwile vigorously opposed
the last resolution. The members of
the Convention had been elected by
the people to represent them, and he
claimed the right as a member to
vote upon the claims of each caodi
date, aud he favored the viva voce
method of voting.
Mr. Earle said that the proposition
of the resolution was but the rule
which prevailed in the United States
and all large Conventions, and that
the viva voce method would consume
too much time.
Mr. Johnstone of Newberry took
the ground that the method proposed
by Mr. Earle would dwarf the indi?
viduality of the members and that it
would produce more confusion
and loss of time than the other.
The matter was discussed with
much spirit for some time, but it was
decided that each member of the
Convention vote viva voce as his
name is called.
On motion, debate was limited to
five minutes by each speaker on any
A number of resolutions were in?
troduced and referred.
A Committee on Platform and Res?
olutions, consisting of one from each
county, was appointed.
Motion to adjourn made and lost.
On motion went into nominations
Mr. Theo. G. Barker nominated
Gen. John Bratton ; seconded by Mr.
Mr. Trantham nominated Gen. J.
D. Kennedy ; seconded by Mr.
Mr. W. L. Manldin nominated Col.
Hugh S. Thompson ; seconded by
The Convention then proceeded to
ballot with the following result :
First ballot-Thompson, 112; Ken?
nedy, 107 ; Bratton, 95.
Second ballot-Thompson, 147 ;
Kennedy, 90 ; Bratton, 75.
Mr. J. II. Rion withdrew the name
of Gen. Bratton, in favor of Col.
i Mr. Tr?nth?m withdrew che name
of Gen. Kennedy and moved that
Col. thompson be elected by accla?
The vote by acclamation was unan?
imous in favor of Thompson.
On motion a Committee of three
was appointed to wait on Col.
Thompson and inform him of his
nomination, consisting of Knox Liv?
ingston, VV. L. Mauldin and J. II.
On motion proceeded to nomina?
tion of a Lieutenant Governor.
Mr. Buist, of Charleston, nomina?
ted Hon. John C. Seeppard ; sec?
onded by Mr. Bonhara, of Edgefield.
Mr. Barnwell nominated Wm. C.
Coker; seconded by Mr. John T.
Proceeded to ballot with the follow?
ing result : Sheppard 216 ; Coker
The Convention took a recess till
7 o'clock P. M.
On the reassembling of thc Con
vention, at 7 P. M., the Commit
who had been appointed to wait
Col. H. S. Thompson, and notify 1
of his nomination for Governor,
ported that they had discharged
pleasant duty assigned them, and
troduced Col. Thompson to the C
vention, who was greeted with
outburst of applause, the genuin
and heartiness of which there was
mistaking. Col. Thompson then
dressed the Convention in a short 1
telling speech, thanking them for :
unsolicited honor conferred upon hi
Ile said that the honor which the C
vention had conferred upon him 1
overwhelmed him with a sense of
ligation, for it was as unexpected
it was unsolicited. His personal
lation8 to the distinguished geni
men who had been before them li
forbidden bis entertaining an idea
becoming a candidate for the pc
tion, and although the mention of1
name in that connection was grati
ing as an evidence of the kindni
and confidence of friends, he h
cherished an ambition to secure p
ferment in the line of his chosen p
But the State had called him to li
service and he could uot disregard 1
voice. He bad laid aside his o\
wishes in the matter and would,
an obedient son, accept the oblig
tion which she had laid upon him.
He would take the'standard whi
the voice of the Convention had plac
in his hands, and, with the supp?
which he was assured would be giv
him, he would lead the whole peor,
confidently to that victory which
felt awaited the Democratic party
this campaign. He knew not wr
the platform of the party would b
but he was satisfied to stand upi
the broad principles of equal righ
and the doctrine of pure Jeffersoni
Democracy, under which the par
had won their grand victory in 187
He took his seat amid long and lei
The Committee on Platform w
granted further time to report.
The Convention then proceeded
thc nomination of a candidate i
Secretary of State.
Mr. Gaston nominated Hon. B. 1
Massey ; seconded by Mr. Tranthai
Mr. Moore nominated Hon. J. ]
Lipscomb ; seconded by Mr. D. '.
Duncan and Mr. Carwile, of Chark
Mr. Childs nominated Hon. D. 3
Bradley ; seconded by Mr. Hendt
son and Mr. Cai tor.
First ballot-Lipscomb, 130 ; Bra
ley, 92, Massey, 80. Total vote, 301
necessary to a choice, 152. .
Second ballot-Lipscomb, 157
Bradley, 88 ; Massey, 62. Total voi
307 ; necessary to a choice, 154.
Mr. Lipscomb was declared non:
Hon. J. C. Sheppard, the nomine
for Lieutenant Governor, was intr
duced by the committee.
Mr. Sheppard said : To be tl
nominee of the Democratic party i
South Carolina for the office of Liei
tenant Governor, accompanied as
is with the assurance of election b
the people, is an honor of which an
man may justly be proud. If faitl
fulness in the past to every obligatio
which had been laid upon him di
not entitle him to the honor, h
would endeavor so to conduct hi mee
before and after the election as t
justify the confidence which the Coi
vention had reposed in him. He ha
not had the opportunity to knoi
what would be the platform whic
would be adopted by the Conventior
but he was satisfied to trust to th
wisdom of the Convention in puttin
forth such a platform of principles a
he could heartily approve, and a
Hugh Thompson had signified hi
purpose to accept the standard h
could only say that he was prepare
to follow wherever Thompson ?rouli
lead, and, whether or not the contes
should lead to victory or defeat, i
would never lead to dishonor.
Mr. Sheppard then reviewed th
history of the Republican dominatioi
of the State and forcibly illustrate*
the misrule, extravagance and de
bauchery of that period, and com
pared it with the blessings which ha<
attended the years of good govern
ment inaugurated by the Democrats
party. Ile instituted the comparisoi
only that it might serve as a cheering
iufluence to discourage and driv<
back the spirit of croaking foreboding
of dissolution and disaster to th<
party, and to inspire the confidence
which the remembrance and presen;
enjoyment of these inestiuable bless
iugs was calculated to call forth am
which would lead to certain victory
The Convention then proceeded tc
the nomination of an Attorney Gene
Mr. Johnson nominated Gen. W
W. Hadlee; seconded by Mr. Moody
Mr. Marshall nominated Col. Johr
R. Abney ; seconded by Mr. Earle.
Mr. Inglesby nominated Mr. C. R
Miles ; seconded by Mr. Buist,
Mr. Ira C. Jones nominated Col. Y.
J. Pope ; seconded by Mr. J. S. R.
Mr. Croft nominated Mr. Jamee
I Aldrich ; seconded by Mr. Sims, ol
First ballot-Miles, 8S; Aldrich,
TS; Abney, 75; Pope, 36; Ilarllee, 26.
Total vote, 314; necessary to a choice
Messrs, Harliee and Pope were
Second ballot-Milos, 121; Abney,
I 101; Aldrich, 88. Total vote, 310;
necessary lo a choice, 156.
Mr. Aldrich was withdrawn.
Third ballot-Miles, 185; Abney..
122. Total vote, 307; necessary to a
On motion of Mr. Marshall, the
election ol'Mr.Miles was made unan?
Proceeded to thc nomination of
Mr. Earle nominated Hon. John
P. Richardson, present incumbent.
Tiie vote was taken by acclamation,
and Mr. Richardson unanimously
The next office in order was that of
Mr. Pei ry, of Greenville, nomina?
ted Gen. J. VV. Gray; seconded by
Mr. Newton, of Marlboro.
Mr. Rhett nominated Col.
Wallace; seconded by Mr. Moori
Mr. Rion nominated Mr. W.
First ballot-Stoney, 148; G
95; Wallace, 55. Total vote,
necessary to a choice, 149.
Mr. Wallaee was withdrawn.
Second ballot-Stoney, 175; G
112. Total vote, 286; uecessar
a choice, 144.
Mr Stoney was declared nomina
At 12:30 the Convention adjoui
till 9 A. M.
Convention met at 9 A. M.
Roll called. Quorum present.
Proceeded to the nomination i
candidate for State Superintended
Mr. Humbert nominated I
James Farrow, of Laurens; secon
by Mr. Dozier.
Mr. Murray nominated Rev.
son Capers, of Greenville; secon
by Mr. Crittenden.
Mr. Youmans nominated Dr.
tigne, of Barnwell; seconded by
First ballot-Capers, 170; Far
65; Lartigue 53.
Total vote 288; necessary tc
On motion, the vote was made ui
imous for Capers.
? The next office was that of Ai
tant and Inspector General.
Mr. M. L. Bonham, Jr., nomina
Gen A. M. Manigault, seconded
j Gen. Mamigault was unan im ot
nominated by acclamation.
Took a recess of 10 minutes.
After recess the Committee
Platform and Resolutions report
Tho Democratic party of So
Carolina, in State Convention ass<
bled, reaffirming the principles ?
declarations of the State platforms
1876 and 1878, and their contint
devotion to the principles of
National Democratic party, i
pledging to that party their earn
co-operation and support, declare :
following principles as forraulati
the policy of the South Carolina ]
mocracy in State and Federal affai
and invite the aid'and support of
good citizens in- carrying them ii
1. Wise and just legislation, 1
impartial administration of equal lav
economy with efficiency in every <
partaient of the State Government
2. Popular education is the b
wark of free institutions. Liberal ?
propriations for the public schools ;
the whole people.
3. The systematic efforts of t
Republican party to obstruct refoi
and destroy good government
South Carolina, by turning to par
san purposes the appointing power
the Federal government, is a stan
ing menace to the people of this Sta
and a growing danger to good ci
zens in every part of the Union. T
Federal offices in this State are mai
political infirmaries and train ii
schools for the defeat of honest gc
ernment in South Carolina.
4. Honest home rule. The Demo
racy of South Carolina, representer
the tax payers of the State and a m
jority of thc whole people, invite, ar
have the right to expect, the syrup
thy and support of their follow cou
trymen in their strenuous efforts I
preserve an intelligent and equal ai
ministration of the government.
5. The practice of packing juri<
in political cases, in the United Stat<
Courts in this State, is a criminal vi
lation of the inalienable right of evet
citizen to a fair trial by a jury of h
6. The extension of the franchisi
as a political result of the late wa
has enlarged enormously the numb*
of present and prospective voters, ri
quiring education in the publi
schools. ' The burden was increase
while the ability of the State to bes
it was diminished. The Federi
Government, by liberal appropriation
from the Treasury, on the basis c
illiteracy, should help the Souther
States to cure the evil of non-intell
gent suffrage. A National dange
calls for National action and Nations
7. Civil service reform,appointraent
to mrfior offices under tests that wil
indicate the qualifications oftheappli
cant, promotiou by merit, a fixei
tenure of office, and no removals, es
cept for cause.
8. Black mailing public servants
under the guise of political assess
ments, converts the public treasury
to the extent of the contributioni
called for, into a campaign fund foi
the advancement of a political party
thus taxing the whole people for par
ti san purposes.
9. The present protective tarif
robs the many for the benefit of thc
few. The duties on imports shoulc
be decreased, and an early repeal ol
the duty on cotton ties, on the naa
chinery used in the manufacture ol
cotton and wool, and on tools and
agricultural implements, will stimu?
late manufactures and be a welcome
relief to the farmer and laborer.
10. lt is most desirable that the in?
ternal revenue taxation be abolished,
so soon as this can be accomplished
without rendering permanent the ex?
isting protective system. Rigid
economy in the conduct of the gov?
ernment will hasten the day when
the tariff shall be as moderate as in
the early days of the Republic, and
the army of office holders employed
under thc internal revenue laws be
11. Thc public credit-National
and State-must be religiously main?
12. In the conduct of affairs in this
State the Democracy have been actu?
ated by but one desire, and that is to
promote the greatest good of the
State. Only within the Democratic
party, and by party action, can de?
fective legislation be remedied with?
out imperiling thc safety and well be?
ing of the State. Democratic unity
is public safety and private security.
13. In the State justice and equali
! ty for all, to insure harmony and good
will between the races, in the Un?
ion, no sectionalism iu policy or feel
lug. An indisoluble union o? m
destructible States. One flag, one
country, one destiny.
The following Executive Commit?
tee was selected:
First District-Geo. D. Bryan,
James F. Izlar, J. Otey Reed.
Second District-G. W. Croft, D.
P. Sojourner, C. J. C. Ilutson.
Third District-Eugene B. Gary,
George Johnstone, E. B. Murray.
Fourth District-William Munro,
R. P. Todd, Wiley Jones.
Fifth District-J. D. Erwin, Giles
J. Patterson, T. Stobo Farrow.
Sixth District-J. W. Williamson,
J. F. Rhame, J.D. McLucus.
Seventh District-William Elliott,
J H. Earle, C. St. G. Sinclair.
The Convention went into Com?
mittee of the Whole, with Col. J.
JJ. Rion in the chair.
A resolution of thanks to the pre?
siding officer, and to the Secretaries
for the highly satisfactory manner in
which they had discharged their re?
spective duties, was introduced and
unanimously adopted. Mr. Munro,
on resuming tte chair, thanked the
Convention for this kindly expression.
On motion, the Convention, at
12.15 P. M., adjourned sine die.
Nuts to Crack.
We read that Internal Revenue Col?
lector Rapier, of South Carolina, TT?S
summoned to Washington the other day.
lu conversation with Commissioner
Raum, the latter with a sweep of hts eye
over the Collector's portly form, clad in
glossy, well-fitting broadcloth, said:
'Why, it is reported that you don't
represent the colored race in your sec?
tion.' 'No, sir, I do not at present,'
answered Mr. Rapier. 'I represent the
possibilities of the colored race fifty years
hence.' There may be more than meets
the eye in this little anecdote. Rapier,
we believe, is a colored man, more
nearly white than black. He has had
the smartness to get a fat office and to
keep it. Hence he presents a glossy
exterior strikingly in contrast with the
masses of negroes whom he is supposed
to control politically, and whose blind
devotion to the Republican party has
been so meagerly rewarded. Nothing
is so fearfully and wonderfully made as
the average negro's coat or vest. It is
patched until barely a fibre of the ori?
ginal garment remains. A specimen of
this kind of black man ought to visit
Mr. Baum and show that high and j
mighty dignitary what the balance of
power in this country really is-poor,
hardworking, deluded blacks who help
keep the fashionably-attired Rapiers in
lucrative Government employ, at their
own expense and that of the white peo?
ple among whom they live and from
whom they get most of their sustenance,
protection and education. It will mat?
ter very little to the negro voters of to?
day whether their race shall turn into
Rapiers or not. It matters much to
the Rapiers that the mass of blacks shall
continue to hew wood and draw water.
The net result of nearly twenty years of
freedom and enfranchisement to the
negroes of the South is that a few white
men shall profit by their votes and a few?
Rapiers wear purple and fine linen,
while philosophising upon what shall
happen a half century hence. We may
simply say, in this connection, that the
condition of the white laboring man at
the North ?3 rapidly growiog worse and
worse, so that he may finally envy his
pauper brethren in Europe. In such a
view of facts, what promises of better?
ment does Republican policy hold out
to the negro laborers in this section ?
Here is a nut to crack, and we invite a
trial of it upon any body's teeth.
Mr. Thomas J. Fortune, an educated
colored man, edits the New York Globe.
He is not quite ss intense a Republican
as he once was. Travel, observation
and experience have opened his eyes to
some truth dimly perceived before.
Mr. Fortune is reluctant to break party
ties, but his who le drift is in the direc?
tion of independence. He revolts at the
degraded position of bis 'race,' and
seeks to emancipate his people from Re?
publican thraldom. He found out, as
the writer suggested at the time, that
Washington was not the proper place to
hold a colored editorial convention. He
also discovered that one idol cf bis peo- ;
pie was very much like clay. An hour
was asked by tite colored editors for
waiting on thc President. President
Arthur named l p. m., as the hoar
when be would receive the Convention, j
which duly adj or. rn ed and appeared on
time. Not so thc President. An hour
and a half went by:. It was a solemn
waiting. In the language of Mr. For?
This sort of reception from the Presi?
dent had a peculiar effect on those of
the press, who are likewise of the Ad?
ministration an infinitesmal part, while
the men who are not particular about
their party allegiance did not conceal
their disgust. A spirit of unrest got
abroad, pointed remarks were uttered,
and finally, after waiting one hour and
fifteen minutes, a motion was quietly
made, and as quietly put, that the 'As?
sociation is of opinion that it has paid
its respects to th-s President, and that
we do now return to thc work of the
Association.* And the motion prevail?
The narrative proceeds to state that
just as the colored editors were moving
off the President appeared, and ex?
plained that be had been detained by
.business of importance with the Secre?
tary of State ;' but Mr. Fortune shrewd?
ly guesses that tbe President had learn?
ed of that vote to adjourn, 'and, as it
was, a very unsatisfactory impression
And yet, but for the colored balance
of power," East, West, and South.
Mr. Arthur would have been a local
politician in New York, and his Secre?
tary of State a functionary out of busi?
ness in New Jersey. The colored edi?
tors acted on that occasion with dignity.
Can they persuade the masses of black
and colored men to follow their exam?
This is another nut for all concerned
to enck at leisure.-Augusta Constitu?
- -.?. ? .
Washington Mlonumeut is now over
280 feet high-about as high as the
dome of the Capital. It has about 270
feet more to grow ere it reaches its
xne xresiucuis vc LU.
WASHINGTON, August 1.-The fol
Iowiog is the full text of the Presi?
dent's message vetoing the river and
"To the Honse of Representatives:
Having watched with much interest
the progress of House bill No. 6242
entitled 'An Act making appropria?
tions for the construction, repair and
preservation of certain works on riv?
ers and harbors aud for other purpo?
ses; and having since it was receh ed
carefully examined it, giving it ma?
ture consideration, I am constrained
to returu it herewith to the House of
Representatives in which it origina?
ted, without my signature, and with
my objections to its passage.
"Many of the appropriations in the
bill are clearly for the general welfare
and most beneficent in their charac?
ter. Two of the objects for which
provision is made were by me consid?
ered so important that I fell it my du?
ty to direct to them the attention of
Congress. In my annual message,
in December last, I urged the vital
importance of legislation for the re?
clamation of the marshes and for the
establishment of harbor lines along
the Potomac front of Washington.
In April last, by a special message, I
recommended an appropriation for the
improvement of the Mississippi Riv?
er. It is not necessary that I should
say, when my signature would make
the bill appropriating for these and
other valuable national objpcts a law,
that it is with great reluctance and
only under a sense of duly that I
My principal objection to the bill
is that it contains appropriations for
purposes not for the common defense
or the general welfare and which do
not promote commerce among thc
States. These provisions, on the
contrary, are entirely for the benefit
of the particular localities in which it
is proposed to make improvement.
I regard such appropriation of the
public money as beyond the powers
given by the Constitution to Congress
and the President.
"I feel more bound to withdraw my
signature from the bill because of the
peculiar evils which manifestly result
from this infraction of the Constitu?
tion. Appropriations of this nature,
j to be devoted purely to local objects,
tend to an increase in number and in
j amount. As the citizens of one State
! find that the money to raise which
? they in common with the whole coun
j try are taxed, is to be expended for
j local improvements in another State,
I they demauded similar benefits, and
1 it is not unnatural that they should
j seek to indemnify themselves for sueh
use of the public funds by securing
appropriations for similar improve?
ments in their neighborhoods. Thus,
as the bill becomes more objectiona?
ble, it secures more support. This
result is inevitable and necessarily
follows neglect to observe the consti?
tutional limitations imposed upon the
"Appropriations for river and har?
bor improvements have, under the
influences to which I have alluded,
increased year by yea^ out of propor?
tion to the progress of the country,
great as that has been. In 1870 the
aggregate appropriation was $3,975,
900; in 1875, $6,648,517.50; in 1880,
8,976.500; and in 1881, $11,451,400,
while by the present Act there is ap?
propriated $18.743,875. While feel?
ing every disposition to leave to the
Legislature the responsibility of de?
termining what amount should be ap?
propriated for the purposes of the
bill, so long as the appropriations are
confined to the object indicated by
the grant of power. I cannot escape
the conclusion that, as a part of the
law making power of the government,
the duty devolves on me to withhold
my signature from a bill containing
appropriations which in my opinion
greatly exceed in amount the needs
of the country for the present fiscal
"It being the usage to provide
money for those purposes by annual
I appropriation bill, the President is in
effect directed to expend so large an
j amount of money within so brief a
j period that the expenditure cannot
I be made economically and advanta?
geously. Extraordinary expenditures
of the public money is an evil not to
be measured by the value of that
money to the people who are taxed
for it. They sustain greater injury
in the demoralizing effect produced
upon those who are entrusted with
official duty through all the ramifica?
tions of the government.
"The objections could be removed
! and every constitutional purpose read
I ily obtained, should Congress exact
j that one-half only of the aggregate
amount provided for in the bill be ap?
propriated for expenditure during the
fiscal year, and that the sum so ap?
propriated be expended only for such
! objects named in the bill as the Sec
i retary ?f War, under the direction of
! the President, shall determine; pro
j vided that in no case shall the expen
? diture for any one purpose exceed the
' sum designated by thc bill for that
"I feel authorized to make this sug?
gestion because cf thc duty imposed
upon the President by the constitu?
tion to recommend to the considera?
tion of Congress such measures as ?
shall bc judged necessary, and be
cause it is my earnest desire that the
public works which are in progress
shall suffer no injury. Congress will
also convene again in about four
months, when thia whole subject will
be open for their consideration.
CHESTER A. ARTHUR."
The bill was afterwards pased over
the President's veto, by a vote in
the ??onse of yeas 123, and itayes 59,
and of 41 yeas to 16 naves in the Sen?
An old man with a head as destitute
of hair as a watermelon, entered a drug?
store and told the clerk bc wanted a bot?
tle of hair restorer. "What kind of
bair restorer do you prefer ?" 4 'I reck?
on 111 have to take a bottle of red bair
restorer. That was the color of my
hair wheu I was a boy."
Editor Guardian : We left off in our
last before we had satf all we desired
about 'trash,* the various sources from
which vegetable matter is obtained,
and the different modes of applying it
Pro. Pendleton, of the Georgia Agri?
cultural College says that^ humus, or
decomposed vegetable matter is a neces?
sary ingredient in all sandy soils td
make them productive. In our sandy
lands besides humus we need an alkali
above all things else, and first among
these are the preparations of potash.
The greaten source for these is the sul?
phate of potash in the German Kanit.
The percentage in these vary much,
from 10 14 per cent, usually-about 26
per cent, claimed. The next in order
is muriate of soda, and lastly lime. Of
these we would use the first, if potash
was not obtainable, and only use lime
where the lands are low and impregnat?
ed with iron. Thereby rusting cotton
and sometimes corn.
We have named the principal sources
where we get potash. We* must re?
member however, that all ashes we
have about our bouses or farms, con?
tain this ingredient and should be well
cared for. Oak leaves, bark or wood;
pine straw and burrs all emitain this
valuable element and yield it to the -
soil when decomposed. Whether on or
under the surface ; pine straw contains
less potash than the burrs, but answers
a good purpose when well rotted.
When we sec that in the oak, hickory
and pine we have this valuable clement
for recuperating our wasted soils, how
much care we should take in preserving
our forests. I consider a hundred acre
field without an adjoining piece of
woods to supply trash or humus like a
duck without a mate.
A complete fertilizer for our sandy
soil then is
3. Phosphoric acid.
To make plain to all who may read :
First, sse that your lands are well sup?
plied with vegetable matter; get it
there from the woods, ponds or pea
vines. Then you want for each acre of
land 100 pounds of German Kainit, 100
pounds of Acid Phosphate, 10 bushels
cotton-seed, and 10 bushels finely
powdered stable manure ; made under
shelter. Mix well together, put in
your centre furrow, cover as soon as
put down and you will have good re?
sults if your land is not worn out en?
tirely. You will get from 700 to 1,000'
pounds of seed cotton per acre.
I will not stop to discuss the various*
ways of preparing lands or what time
to put in your fertilizer, but take this
as a rule. Well prepared and well
broken lands produce best. Corn
planted in March makes the heaviest
ears. Cotton planted in April yields
best and earliest, and is apt to escape
the August drought
The above I think the most econeiiri*----^
cal way to fertilize lands for cotton.
You may double the amount of ferti?
lizer, but you will not double your net
product. Give it a trial, and let us
hear from you. W. T. B.
Josh Billings, on Courting.
Courting iz a luxury, it is a salid,
it iz ?8e water, it iz a beverage, it iz
a pla spell of the soul. The man who
haz ne> er courted hez lived in vain*
he haz been a blind man ?mung land
skapes; he haz bin a deff man in the
land ov hand organs, and by the side
ov murmuring canals. Courting iz>
like 2 little springs of soft water that
steal out from under a rock at the fut
ov a mountain, and run down the hilt
side by side, singing and dansingand
spattering each other, eddying, and
frothing and kaskading, now hiding
under bank, now full ov sun, and now
full ov shadder, till biraeby tha jine
and then tha go slow. I am in favor"
ov long courting; it gives the parties
a chance to find out each uther'ff
trump card?, it is good exercise, and
iz jist as innercent as 2 merino lambs.
Courting is like strawberries and
cream, wants to be did slow, then y ii
git the flavor. I hav saw folks git
ackquainted, fall in love, git married/
settle down, and git tew wurk in
three weeks from date. Tin's iz jist
the wa sum folks lara a trade, and
akounts for the great number of al
miffhtev mean raechanicks we hav,
and the poor jobs tha turn out.
Perhaps it iz best i shad state some'
good advise to yung men who are
about tew court with a final view to
matrimony, az it waz* In the first
piase, yung man, yu want to get yure
system all rite, and iben find a yung,
women, who iz willing tew be court?
ed on the square. The next thing iz
to find out how old she iz, which yu
kan do by asking her, and she will
sa that she iz 19 years old, and this*
yu will find won't be far from out ov
the wa. The next best thing iz tew
begin moderate; say ouse every nitef
in thc week for the fust six months,
increasing thc dose as the patient
seems to require it. It is a fust rate
wa tew court the girl's mother a lee
tic on the start, for there is one .thing
a woman never dispizes, and th Al i?
a Icetle good courting, if it iz durr
strikly on the square. After the fust
year yu will begin tew like the bizzt
ness. Thare is otic thing i alwus ad?
vise, and that is not to swop foto
gratis oftener than ouse in 10 dase,
unios yu forget how the gal looks.
OkasionaUy yu want tew look'
sorry, and draw in yure wind az
tho yu had pain, this will set the
gal to teasing yu tew find ont
what ails yu. Evening meetings
are a good thing tu tend, it
will koro yure religgiou in tune,
and then if the gal happens to be
thare, by accident, she can ask you
tew go hum with her. Asa general
thing, i wouldn't brag on uther gals
much when i waz courting, it mite
look as tho yu knu tow much. If yu
will court 3 years in this wa awl the
time on the square, if yu don't sa it
iz a leetle the slikest time in your life,
yu kan git measured for a hat at my
expense, and pay for it. Don't court
for munny, buty, nor rclashuns, these
things are just about as onsartin az
the kerosene ile refining bissiness, li?
able few git out ov repair and bust at