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KKE S?MTKR TTATCHMA3?, Established April, isso. "Bs Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's, and Truth's." THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established June, 186k
K Consolidated Aug. 2, ISSI.] SUMTER, S. C., TUESDAY, AUGUST 22, 1882. New Serics-Tol. II. No. 4.
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ORIGIN OF THE BANJO.
'way, fiddlel-folks is tired o' hearin'
Ceep silence for yo' betters-don't you, hean
the banjo talkin' ?
L?out de 'possum's tail, she's g wine to lee ter
-ladies, listen !
ibout de ha'r whe t isn't dar, and why de
ha'r is missiD' :
Den boah dis nigger sing,
While be pick upon de string ;
De music ob ie banjo
Am fit fair anything.
"Dar's gwine to bo a oberflow," said Noah,
fat Koah tuk the "Herald, " an' be read de
ribber col a mn
J?"so."ie" got his hands to work a-cl'ariu'
timber-pa tcb es,
tn! 'lowed he's gwine to build a boat to beat
?f~i 'desteamah datchet"
Old Koah sent a note,
To Bennett 'bout de bote ;
Hosed it wnz de fust oshun .
Steamah set aflote.
Koah kep' a-nailin', an' a-chipgin', an'
[An* all de wicked neighbors kep' a-laughin'
an a-pshawin' ;
tot Koah didn't min' 'em-knowin' whut
wuz gwine to happen :
Ltf forty days an' forty nights de rain it
De PhM?stines and de Jews,
Went to nuntin' robber shoes,
An' de farmers, kasedey cuddent work,
W us babben ob de blues.
pKow, Koah hab done cotcbed a lot ob ebry
sort o' beas'es
>ball de shows a-trabbelin, it beat 'em all to
[had a Morgan colt, an' se ber al head o'
Jersey eat tie
_drnv 'em 'board de Ark as soon's he
leered de thunder rattle.
Den be cut loose from sho,
An; he close.-up de do,
An' be sed to de fust mate
Dean tek in any mo.
Den seth anoder fall ob rain!-it come so
awful hobby, !
Pe ribber riz immejitly, an' busted troo de
De people all wuz drowned out-' cep' Xoab
- an' de critters,
An* men he'd hired to work de boat-au' one
to? mix de bitters.
De man what kept de bar,
Wuz de bizziest man in dar,
Dey didn't eben gib him time
To take a bref ob a'r.
De Ark she kep' a-sailin', an' a-sailin', an'
De lion got bis dander np, an' like to bruk,
De sarpints hissed-de painters yelled-tell,
what wid all de fossin',
Yon c'u'da't hardly heah de mate a-bossin'
'roan* an' cussin.
De.camels bofe got sick,
An* de ice-bags dey was tiek ;
Fader Neptune seem'd detarmin'd
Farter send 'em ter "old Nick."
Kow, Ham, de only nigger whut wuz runnin'
on de packet,
Got lonesome in de barber-shop an' c'u'dn't
stan' de racket ;
An' so, for to amuse he-se'f, be steamed some
wood an' bent it,
An' soan he bad a bonjo made-de fust dat
He stopp'd de cracks wid glue,
An' be painted ob it bine,
(Old Barnomn's got dat same wun
An' it's des as good as new)
He wet de ledder, stretched it on ; made
bridge; an' screws, an' apron ;
An' fitted in a proper neck-'twuz berry long
and tap'rin' ;
He tuk some tin, an' twisted bim a thimble
for to ring it j
An' den de mighty question riz : how wuz
he gwine to string it?
Den he lade de banjo down,
An' be walk de place aroun',
An' be nebber stopt a minnit
Tell de 'possums cage he foun'.
De 'possum had as fine a tail as dis dat I's
De ha'rs so long, and thick, and strong-des
fit for banjo-stringin' ;
Dat nigger shaved 'em off as short as wash?
day-dinner graces ;
An' sorted ob 'em by de size, from little E's
He spun 'em on a wheel,
Den he woun' 'em on a reel,
An' he nebber stopt a fizin' 'em
-?-Tser eat a single meal.
He strung ber, toned ber, struck a jig-twuz
"Nobber min' de wedder"
She soon' like forty-lebben bands a-piayin7
all togedder ;
Some went to pattin'; some to dancin'; Noah
called de figgers
An' Ham he sot an' knocked de tune de hap?
piest ob niggers 1
De peepal dane'd dat nite,
Cl'ar onto broad-day lite,
Dem strings dey nebber slacken'd,
Fur Ham bad made 'em right.
Kow, sance dat time-it's mighty strange
dere's not de slightes' sho win'
Oh any ha'r at all upon de 'possum's tail
An* cori's, too-dat nigger's ways ; bis peo?
ple nebber los' em
For whar ye finds de nigger-dar's de banjo
an' de 'possum !
De 'possums good ter eat,
An' de banjo music's sweet,
An' de nigger am a pusson whut
Am berry hard ter beat.
Don't try to lengthen your days by
cutting ?hort your night's rest ; it is
SALT WATER PISHING.
'Birds to windward,' cried the look?
'Ha-r-r-r-d lee/ from the captain.
'Hard lee she is.'
'Why birds if we were fishing?
Because the sea birds hover above the
schools of fish, feeding on the offal
and the smaller fish-just as certain
as fate, beneath the swarm of gulls
and curlews that hung like a speck of
cloud above the water, pulsing up
and down, there were running mil?
lions of the fish we were after. In a
few moments we had come within a
lew hundred yards.
'Get your lines out,' shouted the
captain, 'we arjbearly on 'em.*
Instantly four stout lines of fifty feet
length were cast over the bow of the
boat and spun out until they were
tense. There was no bait used
simply squids of ivory, with books at
the lower end. The Lucia was flying
now, sure enough. The waves curled
from her bow and the spray was tossed
over us. Captain Pickett was stand?
ing erect, the tiller between his legs
and his eyes fixed on the water ahead.
'Lighten the foresail a bit.'
'Lighter she is.'
A few birds drifted behind the sails ;
others followed, until the air was full
of them. I saw a flash or so in the
water as the boat swept past. ' Every
man was tense with expectation.
Evan Howell was sitting astraddle of
a bench by me, when, suddenly.
'Honey iu the jgourd !\he shrieked,
and began pulling hand overhand like
'I'm with you,' cried Jackson.
'Good Lord!' remarked Gordon,
and he began to pull.
As for me, I felt as if a mule had
got his foot tangled in my line and
had got to kicking. I yelled some?
thing or other a::d pulled. In an in?
stant I saw a two foot mackeral wind?
ing toward me like a revolving wheel.
Jackson's fish flew past the boat like
a flash of lightning. Howell's, after
fighting every inch of the way to
within five feet of the boat suddenly
changed his mind and jumped over
the ganwals. In less than ten
seconds we had four fine fish boxed.
The men shook them off and tossed
the squids over the bow. Before
thirty feet Lad spun out every hook is
caught again, and there was the same
excitement over, only two fish being
landed, however. Out they went
again, aud the third time we had
'Hard lee ! Hats, gentlemen.'
The sails swung over our heads.
The boat stopped, turned, poised her?
self a moment, and then plunged to?
ward the school once more as a point?
er following a covey of birds. Right
away we were into them again. And
the same wild excitement followed.
It was better than a horse-race. As
fast as the lines were in the water the
mackerel caught them. The speed
of the boat, the height of the waves,
the length of the lines, and the game?
ness of the fish made every pull a
struggle* full of fun and uncertainty.
CIsually all of us had a mackerel on at
the same time aud it was a question
as to which would land him first. .We
tacked once more,' aud made one more
rush. Then the school was lost, and
we steadied- ourselves for repairs.
We had eighteen mackerel-were
perfectly drenched with spray-our
hands were red with the tugging
ind, panting and excited, each man
declared that no ten minutes of ?port
was ever before filled with so much
aest and enjoyment. It was a simple
revelation to a land lubber like
The morning was filled with just
such dashes As soon as we had
scattered one school of mackerel, we
would sight another swarm of birds
md make for them. Whenever tie
grimmer of wings showed against the
jky, there the Lucia found her way.
And at length, when Evan Howell
was hugging a claret punch forluuch,
_nd his war cry of 'Honey in the
jourd' had died out for dinner, we
found we had 112 as fine fish as ever
fell to mortal hands.
Just as we had finished dinner,
Captain Pickett discovered, off a
joint toward the lighthouse, an enor
nous swarm of birds, and predicted
:hat they were hovering above a
school of blue fish. The Lucia was
jeaded toward, them, and went wing
i-wing before the wind. It was a
nirious sight as we neared the point.
There must have been a m?lion gulls.
They dipped into the water constant
y, coming up loaded with bits of fish.
The blue fish move in great numbers,
ind cut and slash everything in their
vay. With one snap of the jaws they
)isect a fish, and, like the pirates that
hey are, seattle and murder for the
fery fun cfit. The birds hovering
ibove pick up the leavings of these
'You'll have it now,' said Captain
Pickett, as our lines went spinning
>ver the bow. With these words we
lashed into the thick of it, and fast
md furious fun it was.
'Pull them out quick or they'll pull
rou in,' shouted Evau Howell, and he
vas just about right.
The fish flew at the squids fiercely, j
md when hung, pulled even stronger
han mackerel. As the lines were
oosed and thrown over a fish, would
?ieze them before they were drawn
ant and start off for the Bermudas.
?Liid it took muscle to stop them, in
hat rolling sea, from the flying boat,
^or ten minutes the shouts and
trnggles were continuous, and
hen the bottom of the boat was
:overed with fish and four strain
d and tired men were content to part
:ompany with the school as it wheel?
ed to windward. Finding them near
he shore, however, the captain
aid he would fight them awhile on
hort tack?. Ile whirled into them
nd we went to work* Then followed
he most exciting part of the day's
rork. The waves were very high,
nd we were in close quarters, but
he boat flew in and out like one pos
essed. The Captain, quite as excited
s we were, threw her about as if she
vere a part of him. At every turn j
he shipped a sea that drenched and
trangled every mao in the boat-but
work went on, until the cutting lines
had drawn the blood from more than
one finger, and Jackson, who had put
on a pair of kid gloves, had them
hanging in shreds. We quit count?
ing aller we had reached 20S fish, but
could have made it twice as many.
[Correspondence of the Atlanta Con?
On Mr. Stephens and the Colored
Peace and prosperity now go hand ic
hand. The smiles of Providence are
upon us, and at no time since the war
bas the prospect seemed so bright, so
surely hopeful of good to the masses of
the people. Until recently the corn
crop was in some peril from the usual
July drought, but that danger has pass?
ed and now it looks like our State will
bave a surplus of grain, and the great
West will have to hunt another market.
Everything and everyboSy wears a look
)f contentment. Food and clothing
will be cheap enough this winter to be
within the reach of the poor, and honest
[abor will meet with a good reward.
Grovernor Stephens will go into office
ander good auspices, and I hope his
idministratiou will be as prosperous and
peaceable as his election will be unani?
mous. I don't suppose that he will
lave even the shadow of opposition. I
ised to think he could die like any
)ther invalid, but I don I know about
t. I'm very dubious and have made
ap my mind to see him rolling around
0 the governor's chair for a third term
md maybe longer. They say that
ivhen old Father Time is going on his
'rand rounds with his scythe blade he
ooks at him and skips him because he
.hioks he is as good? as dead already,
md hates to dull his blade on a skeleton.
1 man told me last week that a Mis?
souri man went to see him not long ago,
md soon after he was introduced he
idled out at the door in great alarm,
vhispering to his friend: "For the
cord's sake let me get out of here-Fm
ifraid he will die before I can get down
he stairs." It looks like he has taken
i new lease on life. Candler says that
ie gave him out half a dozen times io
Washington, and made notes of his last
llness so that he could write it up for
he Constitution. He said that the
Georgia members went to his bedside
?very day, and as they would be whis?
king to each other mournfully Mr.
Stephens would suddenly turn over and
aise up on one elbow, and with his
uminous eyes all atrc, say, 'What are
rou gentleman whispering about Y Af
er they told him he would give his
>wn opinion on the subject, and then
urn over and die again.
Mr. Stephens will make a good gov
?rnor, for he has every qualification for
he office. He belongs to no ring or set
>r combination. He has been toting
tis own skillet all his life, and is under
io obligations except to the people-the
thole people. If he is vain he has a
?ight to he, for he has made himself
vhat he is by dilligeuce and study.
Dh at is the only kind of vanity that is
Reusable in anybody. Men who,
ike General Grant and President
Arthur, are the creatures of accidents
ind circumstances, have no right to be
rain, and much less to be proud.
Sanity is the love of admiration, and
here is no harm in it if a man has done
omething worthy of admiration. We
ught to praise those who deserve
t, for we are ail like children and need
ocouragement as a stimulus. But
anity without works or merit is like a
roman who is vain of her beauty-a
hing she had no hand in creating.
My greatest hope of Mr, Stephen's
,d ministration is in a quietus of the
legro's political ambition. For sixteen
ears the public peace has been disturb
d at every election hy unscrupulous
loliticians fighting along the color linc
or the colored vote.
lt has kept up discord among the
rhites and resulted in no good to the
legro. They have been brought up
ike sheep and the hypocrisy of the white
aan who made the purchase was more
isgusting than the stupidity of the
icgro. Just after the war the carpet
laggers promised him forty acres and a
a ule and they have been fooled with
iromises ever since. Mr. Stephens
nderstand8 the negro and his relations
0 the white race. Mr. Stephens is a
* ^osopher and a student of history, and
nows that one race has got to be
ubordinate to the other. There is no
ompromise, no social equality and no
cliiical equality except on paper,
'here is just as much here as at the
forth and no more. Whitaker and
'lipper were fair experiments and
lilcd--what next? The happiness of
??e negro ought to be of higher con
ideration than his political advance
tent, and he is never so happy as
rhen in friendly relations to the white
ian, and feeling his dependence upon
im. How we ail do admire the cheerT
il, humble, old-fashioned darkey !
>ld Mack Richardson, of Rome, the
ing of the draymen, is a model of a good
[tizen, and everybody respects him,
nd everybody would defend him if he
ere imposed upon ; but this new gen
ration that loaf around town and curse
nd drink, and carry pistols, and bluster
round at all the elections are a curse
) the country. Mr. Ei??'s great mind
1 disturbed now as he iingers on the
iore of eternity, because he cau't once
tore address tbe people upon this sub- j j
?ct-this great danger-this playiug j f
luttlecoek with the negro vote. He },
ants to leave words cf warning as his j ^
ist legacy. But Mr. Stephens knows j f
all, aud I feel sure will rebuke all j p
tne-servers, all hypocrites. Georgia j 0
mst take the leuu in scttliug this prob- ! f?
im between the races, regardless of j ?
hat the North may say or do. Peace
i home is better thau office at Wash
It is time that statesman and sages
slivered themselves of the truth bold
\ fearlessly, and the whole nation will
steu to Mr. Stephens on this subject
tth more respect than to any living
ian. Mr. Hill was aggressive and
obie in his utterances, but Mr. Hill
as bitter and made enemies. Joe
rown is smart and philosophic, and j ii
ays with the people like Tally rand. ^
oe Brown is personally a great success, ']
it somehow there is an idea that the w
ced is peculiar. Joe Brown first, his | c<
statc next, and last of all bis country.
Joe Brown bas boxed the compass and
may box it again if he lives, and as
often as he ascends a step higher on thc
ladder, the people look np and wonder
what he will do next. But Mr, Ste?
phens has been the same conservative
holdbacker all thc time.
Some break upon the wagon, moving
along a bee line of his own, thoughtful,
critical and always national in his views.
There is no statesman south - for whom
the north has more respect, and so we
look forward to him to shape a policy
concerning the negro race tbat will be
the beginning of a lasting peace. I
have thought that this problem would
work out its own solution for I have
abundant faith in our race and people
when a great emergency comes, hui;
great resulte come from great exertions,
and my good friend Judge Branham
told me not long ago that his greatest
anxiety was an apprehension that selfish
politicians would yet bring this country
to a conflict of races. All that the ne
gro really wants is to be let al? De. Let
him vote if he wants to, but if let alone
he will pursue his natural instinct and
stay at home and work. Physical labor
is his nature, his destiny aod nothing
else fits him or will make him happy.
What is Glucose ?
Glucose is the sugar of the futuree.
Oppose it as you will, it is daily in
creasing in importance and in the num
ber of its uses. In climates where the
sugar-cane will not grow, and in coun
tries where the sogar-beet can not be
cultivated with profit, there is a wide
field for glucose. Wherever corn,
grain, or potatoes thrive, glucose fae
tories will flourish. Glucose differs as
much from caoe sugar as tallow from
lard, or butter from oleomargarine.
Both kinds of sugar are sweet, although
in a very different degree, and for
many purposes one can be substitu
ted for the other without the cousumer
being aware of the fact.
The manufacturers limit the term
'glucose' to the thick syrup which
neither solidifies nor crystallises on long
standing. The same substance in a
solid state is called 'grape sugar,' but
there is no chemical difference between
the two. The name 'grape sugar'
owes its origin to thc fact that a kind
of sugar found in grapes and other
sweet fruits has the same chemical com?
position as that made from starch by
methods that we shall presently de?
scribe. This real grape sugar is often
seen as an incrustation on raisins and
ogs. Honey also contains grape sugar
and it was there it was first discovered
by Lowitz ia 1702.
Glucose can be made from any of the
carbohydrates, starch, dextrine, cellu?
lose, etc., but is, generally prepared
from starch- In this country corn
starch is used, while abroad potato
starch is perferred because it is cheap?
The uses of glucose are very un m??
rous, although it is seldom sold to the
public under its real name ; but under
the ideas of 'golden honey/ and even as
Vermont maple syrup, its sale is very
extensive. It is largely employed by
confectioners for making candies, by
wine dealers for strengthening wine,
by brewers to add body to their beer.
Most of the sugars and table syrups
contain glucose. . Of seventeen samples
tested by the Michigan Board of
Health, fifteen contained glucose. Of
twenty samples analysed in Chicago,
cnly one was unadulterated. Of sam
pies obtained from all the leading sugar
iealers in Buffalo, but one was found
We do not believe that pure glucose
is an injurious substance when properly
made, but to sell it under the name of
cane sugar, when it is but one-third as
?weet, is a fraud ; and to. charge the
srice of cane sugar, when it costs but
:hree cents a pound to make it, is
i swindle. That it pays to make it is
evident from the fact that there are
more than twenty glucose factories in
:his country turning out over one mil?
lion pounds per day of grape sugar and
It has been asserted that these letters
vere first used by Andrew Jackson,
in abbreviation of 'all correct.' One of
Old Hickory's" friends, however, comes
o the front with the declaration that
rom tl close and intimate acquaintance
md connection with Jackson during his
rhole Presidency from 1829 to 1838,
ie knows that Jackson never used such
LD expression. He was a very courte
?us and gentlemanly person, and main
aioed his millitary habit of devoting all
lis epistolary matters upon his secre
aries ; that *0. K'. was a popular slang
if Jackson's day, which was then attri
luted to David Crockett. Still another
isserts that this peculiar mark of ap
iroval was first officially used by a
tatesmao connected with the New York
Tty government about 1837 ; and the
ntroduction was contemporaneous with
he invention of 'pipe-laying' as a po
itical fine art. The fact is that neither
?ackson, Crockett nor the aforesaid
few York city statesman had anything
o do with its origin. The cabalistic
etters are authentically traced to Old
Ceokuk, pacific Chief of the Sac and
rnx Indians, who, when he sold Iowa
o the United States Government, signed
he deed with the enitials, 'O. K.'
?is co-chief, the fiery Black Hawk, re?
used to sell or sign away the right of
iis people to the beautiful land ; and
ence the Black Hawk war. Old
icokuk years ago passed off to the hap?
ly hunting ground of the Groat Beyond,
ut bis si^n continues to supply a long?
ent want in the English Language.
llobinson went up to his room the
ther afternoon, and noticed that there
ras only one match remaining in the
ox. 'Now if that shouldn't burn to
ight when I come in,' soliquized he,
what a fix I should be in.' So he tried
; to see if it was a good one. It was.
HER VETO : They were seated on the
ofa, where they had been for four
mg hours. 'Augustus, do you know
rhy you remind me of tho Chioese V
So, dearest, why ?' Because you
ron't go.' The meeting then adjourn
i sine die,-Rochester Express.
The Death of Senator Hill.
A Sad Event for Georgia and the South?
ATLANTA, August 16.-Senator B.
H. Hill died in this city at 6.15 this
morning, from exhaustion occasioned
by the ravages of the terrible cancer
on the tongue which had prostrated
him for many months. He had been
unconscious for hours before, and his
death was peaceful. At his bedside
were gathered Mrs. Hill, his wife,
B. H. Hill, Jr., and wife, Dr. R. P.
Ridley and wife, Senator Hill's
daughter, Charles D. Hill, his son,
two nephews of the dying man and
Dr. Wright, thc attending surgeon.
Four hours before passing away he
made a sign for a hypodermic injec?
tion of morphine, and it was adminis?
tered. No norishmeut had been
given him since 9 o'clock yesterday
morning. During the early hours of
this morning he appeared to be awake
and conscious at times, but was un?
able to utter a word. The last spoken
words of the sufferer were addressed
several days since to the Rev. Mr.
Evans : "Almost home," murmured
the dying man. His last writing was
to his wife : 'My dear, I will take
whatever nourishment the doctor's
There is universal grief in the city.
The bells were tolled all the morning,
and the Capitol, the Customhouse and
all prominent buildings draped in
morning. At meetings of the Bar,
of the Chamber of Commerce and of
the City Council to-day appropriate
resolutions of respect were passed.
A great mass meeting to express the
deep feeling of the community at his
ieath will be held to-morrow in the
Capitol. The Bar and the city each de?
sire to conduct the funeral. Sergeant
it-Arms, Bright, of the United States
Senate, and a committee of Senators,
ire expected to arrive here on Satur?
day to attend the obsequies. The
funeral services will be held at the
First Methodist Church of Atlanta on
Saturday afternoon, and a large atten
lance of State officers and members
)f the Legislature will be had. Gov?
ernor Colquitt has issued a proclama?
tion closing the State-House on the
lay of the funeral, and ordering the
Capitol to be draped in mourning.
The dead Senator's family are con?
sidering a proposition that the body
ie in state in the Capitol building.
Senator Hill's life was insured for
?10,000. He leaves a will by which
lis widow is provided for. Tele?
grams are being received from all
juarters of the Union, expressing the
.egret and condolence of prominent j
The successor of the dead states
nan in the United States Senate will
probably not be appointed by the
jovernor as the Legislature will meet
m November 1.
THE WASHINGTON DELEGATION.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 16-Senators
jamar, Morgan, Beck and Saulsbury,
iccompaoied by Col. Sneed, assistant
mstmaster of the Senate, and Mr.
)alton, superintendent of the Senate
biding room, will leave to-morrow
norning for Atlanta, Ga., to attend
he funeral of Senator Hill. The
South front to the Senate Chamber
vas draped in mourniug to-day and
he flag over the Senate was placed
it half-mast, in which position it will
emain until after the funeral.
Paste this up for Reference.
Nearly every person knows what to
lo in case of injury or sudden sickness,
?ut it often happens that under the ex
itement attending such circumstances
hey become confused and forget all
hey know about it. The following
uggestioos might be pasted up on the
nside of the closet or book-case door
?here they could be referred to prompt
For stomach cramps, ginger ale, or
lalf teaspoonful of the tincture of glu?
ier in a half glass of water in which ?
easpoonful of soda has been dissolved
Swallowing saliva often relieves sour
Hot, dry flannel, applied as hot as
lossible for neuralgia.
Whooping-cough paroxysms are re
ieved by breathing the fumes of tur
lentine or carbolic acid.
For cold in the head, nothing is bet?
er than powered borax snuffed up thc
A strong solution of bicarbonate of
oda (baking soda) taken frequently is
reliable remedy for diarrheal troubles,
particularly those arising from acidity of
A standing antidote for poison by
ew, poison-oak, ivy, etc., is to take a
andful of quicklime, dissolve in water,
it it stand half an hour, theo paint the
oisoned parts with it. Three or four
pplications will never fail to cure the
mst aggravated cases.
If children do not thrive on fresh
lilk it should be boiled.
Powdered rosin is the best thing to
top bleeding from cuts. After the
owder is spriukled on, wrap the wound
rith a soft cotton cloth. As soon as the
round begins to feel feverish, keep the
loth wet with cold water.
For burns, sweet oil and cotton arc
ie standard remedies. If they are not
t hand sprinkle the burned part with
our, and wrap loosely with a soft
loth. Don't remove the dressing until
je inflammation subsides, as it will
reak the new skin that is forming.
For nose-bleeding, bathe the face
Dd neck with cold water.
If an artery is severed, tie a small
3rd or handkerchief tightly above it.
Bad breath may be cured by taking
teaspoonful of the following mixture
iree hours after eating : Chlorate of
otassa; two drachips ; sweetened water,
mr ounces. Wash the mouth occa
onally with the same mixture and thc
reata will become as sweet as an in
Nothing is so contagious as entbu
asm ; it is the real allegory of the
ite of Orpheus ; it moves stones; it
j a rms brutes. Enthusiasm is the
snius of sincerity a^d truth accom
lishes no victo. '
"Girls of the Period.
A very suggestive discussion was re?
cently awakened in the Philadelphia
Times by a young man who wrote in
condemnation of the girls of the period
as having 'a smattering of French/ and
ability to 'claw the piano' and to 'daub
placques/ but incompetent to 'bake
bread and broil a beefsteak/ A young
lady affirms in reply :
'I consider myself a fair specimen of
the average American girl, and feel in?
dignaot that we should be classed with
parlor ornaments and Chinese dolls. I
have had a college education and a
frightful smattering of French, can claw
the piano aud daub placques, but can
also safely assert that I can bake bread
and broil a beefsteak in a manner that
even fastidious '5' could hardly find
fault with; can keep house, and make
my own dresses. I not only can, bu*
do. and still find time to keep up my
other 'accomplishments/ as they are
called. And among my whole circle of
girl friends ? cannot recall one who bas
not had inore or less of a practical edu?
cation, and who would not make a sen?
sible wife and housekeeper/
She then turns the tables upon the
complainig youth in this manner.
'And now, putting the shoe on the
other foot, where are to be-found the
young men worthy of such girls ? Our
rising generation of youths certainly
does not come up to the standard. Smok?
ing, drinking, cards, clubs, fast horses,
and late hours fill their records ; conse?
quently they cannot afford wives. Of
course it is all laid at our door. We
are extravagant, idle, helpless specimens
of humanity ; but for all that, when the
young man of to-day is ready to lay
aside his own senseless and extravagant
habits, to economise and lay up savings
for a future home of his own, he can look
around him and find in abundance sen?
sible, worthy girls, whose greatest am?
bition would be in. making themselves
mistress of bis home and heart/
Another young man takes off*the
first writer in the following words :
'it would seem from his communica?
tion that it is not so much a wife as a
cook of which he has been in search,
and the lamentable failure of his efforts
to find the latter bas resulted primarily
from his inability to determine tho pre?
cise character of the priceless jewel for
which his heart longed. Hence he bas
been looking around in parlors and
drawing-rooms for what he rgarded as
the one thing needful, when in fact liss
investigations should have been confined
exclusively to the kitchens/
And possibly he is not far out of the
way when he adds that, 'only an idiot
of the most pronounced type would as?
sume to judge of the intellecual and do?
mestic attainments of the young ladies
of our city by the confessedly inferior
specimens of the sex to whom your cor?
respondent bas been devoting his atten?
The subject is pre-eminently one that
has two sides. There ought to be
many more marriages than there are ;
and it ought not to be so difficult for
young people to marry as it is. But
this is too large a matter to treat here,
and we simply give the above as sug?
gestive to thoughtful minds. Perhaps
when some of them have thought, we
may hear from them.
A Texas Wife.
The best natured woman in the
United States lives in Austin. She
has been married a number of years tc
a man named Ferguson, but she and
ber husband have Laver had a quarrel
yet, and he has frequently boasted that
it is utterly impossible to make her an?
gry. Ferguson made several desperate
attempts to see if he could exasperate
her to look cross or scowl at him, mere?
ly to gratify his curiosity, but the more
outrageous he acted, the more affable
and loving she behaved. Last week he
was talking to a friend about what a
hard time he had trying to find out
if his wife had a temper. The ?rieud
offered to bec ?50 that if Ferguson
were to go home drunk, raise a rt^v and
pull the table-cloth full of dishes off of
the table, she would show some signs of
annoyance. Ferguson said he didn't
wan't to rob a friend of bis money, for
he knew he would win ; but they at
last made the bet of ?50, tbe friend to
bide in the front yard and watch the
proceedings of the convention through
Ferguson came home late, and ap?
parently fighting drunk. She met him
at the gate, kissed him, and assisted
bis tottering steps to the house. He
sat down hardin the middle ofjthe floor,
ind howled out :
.Confound your ugly picture, what
lid you mean by pulling that chair from
?Oh, I hope you didn't hurt yourself,
[t was my awkwardness, but I'll try
ind not do it again/ and she helped
jim to his feet, although she had noth
ng in the world to do with his falling
He then sat down on the sofa, and
?liding off on the floor, abused her like
t pick-pocket for lifting up the other
md of thc sofa, all of which she took
rood naturedly, and finally she led bim
o the supper table. He threw a plate
it her, but she did as if she had not
loticed it, and asked bim if he would
ake tea or coffee. Then the brute
leizcd the table-cloth and sat down on
be floor pulliug the dishes and every
hing else over with him, in one grand
What did this noble woman do? Do
rou suppose she grumbled and talked
.bom going home to her ma, ^~ that she
iat down and cried like a fool, or that
he sulked and pouted ? Not a bit of
t. With a pleasant smile, she said :
Why George, that's a uew idea, ain't
t? We have been married ten years,
iud have never yet cat our supper on
he floor. Wou't it bc fun-just like
hose picnics we used to go to before
ve got married,' and then this angelic
roman deliberately sat down on tbe
loor along side of the wretch, arranged
he dishes, and fixed him up a nice
This broke George all up. He
wned up he was only fooliug her, and
ffered to give her the fifty dollars to
[ct herself a new hat, but she took the
noney and bought bim a new suit of
lothes and & box of cigars.-Texas
Gen. Capers Accepts.
CoL?siBiA, August 14.-After a full
conference with the State Democratic
Executive Committee to night Gen.
Elison Capers has consented to accept
the nomination of the Convention for
the office of superintendent of Educa?
tion. The news will give great grati?
fication to the people throughout thc
State as there bas been a universal de?
sire that he should do so.
CEN. ELLISON CAPERS
was born in Charleston, and is a son of
the late Bishop Capers. He received
his early education at the Methodist
High School at Coksebuiy, in Abbeville
County. He was graduated from the
Citadel Academy in November '55 and
after his graduation he accepted the
position of assistant instructor at the
Citadel. When the war broke out he
promptly embarked in it, and was soon
elected colonel of the 24th South Caro?
lina Regiment. His career in the Wes?
tern army was very distinguished, and
upon the death of Gen. Stephens be was
elevated to the position of brigadier
general of Steveu's Brigade. He was
conspicuous in the army for his gallan?
try and popularity with his men At
the close of the war he was elected se?
cretary of State of the Provisional gov?
ernment in 1865. Following the bent
of his mind he shortly afterwards enter?
ed the ministry and filled the pastorate
of the Episcopal Church in Greenville
for several years. He then removed to
Alabama, but returned to Greenville at
the earnest request of his congregation,
and is now rector of that Church. He
has become prominent in the counsels of
the Church. He is a brilliant orator, a
good scholar and has interested himself
earnestly in the cause of education in
Greenville County. He is a genial
gentleman and is truly a man to win
golden opinions from all sorts of people.
? iain ? ? - -
Mr. Wm. Beattie, a prominent mer?
chant of Greenville, and a delegate from
that county to thc Fourth Congression?
al Convention, died suddenly at Union
Tuesday night, it is supposed, of heart
disease. He complained of feeling un?
well, remained in his room, and did not
attend the session of the Convention.
Mr. Beattie is well known throughout
the State. He was a son-in-law of ex
Governor B. F. Perry, his father was a
prominent merchant before him ; he was
a gallant Confederate soldier and lost
an eye from a minnie ball which he car?
ried in his head for years, but which
eventually dropped into) his mouth
one night when asleep ; and, for busi?
ness tact and energy, was hignly es?
teemed by all who knew him.
A curious case relating to the mar?
riage status of former slaves bas just
been decided by the Supreme Court of
Alabama. The controversy was be?
tween two women, each of whom claim?
ed to be the widow of Gus Washington
and entitled to dower in his estate.
One named Edie had been married
to him in 1847, when both were slaves
of the same master. The ceremony
was performed by a colored minister
with the consent of the master. Tbe
two lived together as husband and wife
till thc Fall of 1866. At that time the
husband, being then of course a freed
mau, took out a license and married
another woman, with whom he lived till
his death. Under these circumstances
the Court was called upon to decioe
which of the two had been the lawful wife.
It bas decided in favor of the one claim?
ing by virtue of the slave marriage.
It holds that slaves were not competent
to enter into a valid marriage contract
or hold the legal relation cf husband
and wife. But in September, 1865,
the Constitutional Convention of Ala?
bama declared that all freedmen and
freedwomen then living together and
recognizing one another as husband and
wife should hold that relation under the
law. The Supreme Court decides that
this was a ratification of the marital re?
lations then existing between Gus and
Edie Washington, and that his subse?
quent marriage with the other claimant
? i .g * ? ? ? ???
Arabi Bey's Romance.
(From tbe London Standard.)
The story goes that Arabi Bey hates
the Khedive Ismail with an exceeding
great hatred and for the very best of
reasons. When Arabi was as yet only
i Lieutenant he fell in love with a
young girl-Coptic or Arabic, we do
not know-of unusual beauty. He suc?
ceeding in pleasing her and thc family
likewise, when it came to pass that Is?
mail one day saw by chance the girl,
ind immediately informed himself as to
1er place of dwelling. Ismail easily
impelled the father to ignore Arabi,
br whose marraige preparations were
tlready being made, and the Khedive's
nen carried the maiden off to the ha?
em. Arabi dared to protest, but bis
>rotestations were received with con
empt. He then showed so dangerous
i disposition that the Khedive tried to
)acify him by conferring upon him the
itle and rank of Bey. Arabi accepted
he position, but only that he might use
t to revenge himself.
-a i i tm -
'What's the matter now asked a fash
onable Austin lady of her husband,
vho seemed to be depressed.
'I'm feeling very badly. I'm afraid
"ui not long for this world,' was the
'No ! I'm in earnest, lt will not be
ong before you will bc walktug to the
jrave-yard behiud my coffin.'
'That's just where you're fooling
rouseif, HI ride in a carriage or j
ilse I'll not be ia the procession at
Such heartlessness made him so mad
hat he went to work and chopped up
i cord of wood, and now he feels strong
nough to run for almost any office in
he gift of the people.-Texas Sift
A New York Judge has ruled that if
i marriage does not take place within a
rear after the proposal the engagement
a not obligatory. A wise decision.
)ne year is long enough to burn the
ld man's wood andoil.
News and Gossip.
It is calculated that the splendid
grain crops of the South will save this
section ?100,000,000 hitherto diverted
The largest body of water lying
wholly ia the ?nited States is Talare
Lake, in California. ~ Yet how few per?
?ons ever heard of it.
It is said that the manufacture of
barbed wire pays fifty per cent, profit.
Why cap not tbe Son th make her own
The fortification of tbe future will le
exclusively an earthwork. Tbe great?
est guns of the British navy are power*
less against that kind of defense.
Tenn or, the Montreal weather pro?
phet predicts that there will be one more
hot wave before the warm season is
It is proposed by a number of gentle?
men, to organize a Cotton Factory to
be located io or near the Town of Dar?
Yellow fever is spreading on the re?
mote Texas border while the National
Board of Health and Marine Hospital
service quarrel over an appropriation of
An Ohio couple were recently mar?
ried 'in three languages.' We hope
there will be no special discord in that
family. 3Iost people are satisfied witb
quarreling in one tongue.
The wheat crop has been reduced by
heavy Western rains. The corn crop
is not as satisfactory as it might be/
but bas an improving tendency. Cot?
ton seems to be doing well so far.
The widow of President Garfield has '
acknowledged the receipt of the silk
dress given by the Women's Silk Cul?
ture Association, of Philadelphia, from
silk grown in fourteen States of the
Col. James A. Hoyt bas associated
with himself in the ownership and pub?
lication of the Baptist Courier Mr. W.
W. Keys, who, for several years pest,
has been connected with the Anderson
intelligencer. We. wish continued suc?
cess -to the Courier under its new man-"
We are sorry to see a disposition
among the members of tbe press to go
into politics. Some editors already
hold offices, and others are candidates
for the Legislature. An editor's busi?
ness is at home, in his office. If he is'
the right kiud of an editor he can do
more there than anywhere else.-New?
A gigantic oak at Mount Vernon,
which has always been known as
'Washington's Oak,' was destroyed by
a stroke of lighting a few days ago."
Tbe tree had many historic associations'
and gained its name from the fact that
the President's favorite resting place
after the heat and labors of the day was
beneath its grateful shade.
Ex-Jndge T. J. Mackey bas been
employed to aid the solicitor in. the tria?^..
of Capt. Jas. L. Haile, chargeT*^rtU;
the killing of Maj. L. W. R. Blair, g
The court will sit on the 4th of Septenr---^
ber. Judge Mackey expresses bis foll
assurance that Judge Kershaw will ,
discharge his duty in this important
trial with fearless fidelity to the State'
and entire justice to the accused.
" Governor-elect Thompson is a very
strong Episcopalian, as is every other
member of the coming administration
except the Hon. John C. Shepherd,
who is a Baptist. The Rev. Ellison.
Capers, the nominee for State Superin?
tendent of Education, is as Episcopal
clergyman, and for many years past the
rector of a large parish in Greenville..
Gen. Maniguait, Messrs. Miles, Stoney
and Richardson are all communicants
? of thc Episcopal Church. Col. Lips
comp is not a member of any churchy
but his wife and children are devout
' members of the Episcopal Church.
A trial of considerable interest Has
just been concluded in the Criminal
Court of Dccroit. A colored man and
a white woman who have been marriecf
for some time and lived together as mau
and wife, both entirely respectable and.
worthy people, were complained of
under the statutes for lewd and lasci
vious cohabitation. An old State law
makes all marriages between white and
colored people unlawful. Under the'
charge of the Court the jury convicted.
The case will probably be taken to the'
Supreme Court. This case affects pro--'
bably a hundred or more married cou*
pies in the city.
Alexander H Stephens has lived a lit-"
tie over seventy years, and in that time,
he has beeu five times elected to the'
Georgia Legislature, thirteen times a
Representative in the Congress of the
United States, once to the Senate of the'
United States but not allowed to take*
his seat, was Presidential Elector for'
the State at l?ge on the Douglass and*
Johnson ticket, was a member of the'
Secession Convention of Georgia, was'
elected to the Confederate Congress,
was chosen Vice-president under the
Provisional Government by that Con*
gress, was elected Vice-president of the
Confederate States for a term of years?
and will now have a walk over for the
Governorship of his native State.-Cou*
Gen. G. K. Warren, died at New?
port, on the 8th inst., of a broken,
heart. He was an officer of distinguish?
ed gallantry, and after the battle of:
Five Forks was removed from command:
by Sheridan oo the ground that he bad:
disobeyed orders. Gen. Warren in
diguautly denied the accusation and
has been endeavoring for twenty years
to procuro thc appointment of a court
of inquiry to investigate the charge
against hi ai. The court reached its-de?
cision a few days before Gen. Warren's
death, but the result has not been pub?
lished, though it is believed to complete?
ly exonerate him from blame. The
stiug of injustice had however wrought
its work upon the brave and injured
officer and the mental depression into*
which he bad been plunged resulted
last week in his death. This is a fit?
ting companion case tc that of Fit?
John Porter, and is a galling commen?
tary on the brutal cruelty of our gov?
ernment in the treatment of its most
deserving soldiers by compelling them
to live through years of agony and sus?
pense with reputations darkcued by th*
shadow of an unjust charge.