Newspaper Page Text
TOB SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April, IS50.
lBe Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thon Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's
THE TR?1? SOUTHKON,-EgtabHslSe* Jtftft, f?t#
Consolidated Aug. 2, ISSI.]
SUMTER, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 7, 1890.
New Series-Vol. IX, No, $$.
8?jje IHa??gmaH at? jiou? |rpn,
Pa??islied ?rar ^dnosday,
N. GK OSTEEN,
SUMTER, S. C.
Two Dellars $er an na tn-ia advance.
Ose Square, first insertion..00
Every su ^sequen? insertion. 50
Con tn-Sis for three mon tas, or longer will
ba made at reduced rates.
All eommantoatioos which subserve pr?vate
Interests will be charged for as advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of respect will be
CL I. HOTT. H. A. HOYT
C. L HOYT & BRO.,
Gold and Silver Watches,
(Socks, Jewelry, Spectacles,
MERIDEN BRITANIA SILVERWARE, Ac.
REPAIRING A SPECIALTY.
ls. E. LEGRANI),
WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER.
SUMTER, 8. a
- i fl^BE UNDSRSIGNE9 gives notice to the
\ ci tirer* of Sumter and vicinity that be
hat open eel tatstscss io the store on M?in
Street nest North of S. P. Eicker k Co.,
wfcere be is prepared to do aoy work pertain?
ing Co Watches, Clocks, and Jewelry, and
guarantee satisfaction io same. Watches de?
magnetised by electricity, and key-winders
Chuged to *em-winders.
A cali is jwarited. L. E. LaGRAND.
Uardry *" g_a_
? ..ATTENTION !
Citizen of Suinter and
J. ?.WINGATE & CO.
Bave opened a
.Mai ai MfiM Slop.
At the old stand of Jobo I Branson, on Re
publican Street, epposite Graham's Scabies,
guarantee to do first class work io every de?
partment of their business, and ask the pat*
rei ige of th.i- citizens of Sumter and vicinity.
Give us a trial. Come and get first class
work at bottom prices.
A. WHITE & SON,
Fire Insurance Agency,
Rep resect, among other Companies :
LIVERPOOL <fc LONDON k GLOBE.
NORTH BRITISH k MERCANTILE.
HOME, of New York.
UNDERWRITERS' AGENCY, N. Y.
LANCASTER INSURANCE CO.
Capital represented, $75,000,000.
LADIES' DRESSES CUT AND MADE
in the latest style, fit and work war?
ranted and satisfaction guaranteed, by Miss
Adele Osteen, Republican street, opposite
Karby A ven oe. Prices as reasonable as good
work can be done for. Feb 8
A. B. STUCKEY. JOHN T. GREEN.
STUCKEY ft GREEN,
Attorneys at Law,
SUMTER, s. c.
J. D. KENNEDY,
Attorney at Law,
CAMDEN, S. C.
Will practice io Kershaw aod adja?
cent counties. Mch. 12.
DONE 3Y ELECTRICITY
G. ?. REDiC'S,
Next door to T. C. Scaffe.
GET MONEY FROM
IF YOU WANT YOUR BEES TO PAY
yon a profit, get the new appliances for
keeping them. HIVES, FRAMES, SEC?
TIONS, FOUNDATIONS, Ac, at bottom
Send for price ??st to
J. P. H. BROWN,
N. B.-Beeswax taken in exchange for sup?
plies. Mch. 5.
Dr. T. W7 BOOKHAM,
Office OTer Bultman k Bro.'s Shoe Store.
SNTBANCK ON MAIN STREET.
SUMTER, S. C.
Office Hours-?. to 1:30 ; 2:3C to 5.
The reason RADAM'S
MICROBE KILLER is
the most wonderful med?
icine, is because it bas
never failed in any in?
stance, no matter what
the disease, from LEPRO?
SY' to the simplest disease
known to the haman
The scientific men of
to-day claim and prove that every disease Is
CAUSED BY MICROBES,
RADAM'S MICROBE KILLER
Exterminates the Microbes and drives them
out of the system, and when that is done you
cannot have an ache or pain. No matter
what the disease, whether a simple case of
Malaria] Fever or a combination of diseases,
we cure them &!! at the same time, as we treat
ali diseases constitutionally.
Asthma, Consumption, Catarrh,
Brooch i tis, Rhea mat ism, Kidoey and
Liver Disease, Chills and Fever, Fe?
male Troubles, in all its forms, and, io
fact, every disease known to the human
Beware of Milt Imitations ?
See that our Trade-Mark (same as above)
appears on each jug.
Send for book ''History of the Microbe
Killer," given away by Dr. A. J. China,
Druggist, Sole Agent.
Try fte Cure
Ely's Cream Balm
Cleanses the Kasai Passages. Al?
lays Inflammation. Heals the Sores.
Restores the Seises of Taste, Smell
A -particle ls applied into erich nostril a?<l
is agreeable, rrice ?Qc. at Druggists or by
mail. ELY BROTHERS,56 Warren St_,Tvew York.
THE SIHOSDS NITiMAL BASK,
STATE, CITY AND CO?xNTY DEPOSI?
TORY, SUMTER, S. C.
Paid up Capital.$75,000 00
Surplus Fund. 7,500 00
Transacts a General Bankin? Business.
Careful attention given to collections.
Deposits of $1 and upwards received. In?
terest allowed at the rate of 4 per cent per
innum. Payable quarterly, on ?rst days of
Januarv, April, Julv and Octoher.
R. M. WALLACE,
W. ALSTOS PRISGLE. JR.,
kag. ? Cashier.
i III: link ur sm i ii
SUMTER, S C.
CITY AND COUNTY DEPOSITORY.
Transacts a general Banking business.
A Savings Bank Department,
Deposits of $1.00 and upwards received,
interest calculated at the rate of 4 per cent,
per annum, payable quarterly.
W. F. B. HAYNSWORTH,
A. WEOTB, Ja., President.
TALBOTT & SONS,
Will furnish lowest estim?tes on all
kinds of machinery:
* ENGINES AND BOILERS,
3AW MILLS AND GRIST MILLS,
PRESSES AND ELEVATORS,
BRICK AND TILING MACHINERY
PLANERS AND WOOD-WORK?
Write to me for prices before buyiog.
V. C. BADHAM,
Feb 19-0 Columbia, S. C.
G. W. DICK, D. D. S.
Office over Bogin's New Store,
ENTRANCR ON MAIN STKBKT,
SUMTER, S. C.
Office Hours.-9 to 1.30 ; 2:30 to 5.
EXTRA FINE SWAMP TIM?
BERED LAND FOR SALE.
*} AAA ACRES of cbc-ice Timbered
?J\J\ )\ f Land, eituated near Claremont
L>e^ot, Camden Branch South Carolina Rail?
way. Well wooded with Oak, Hickory,
i?olly, Sweet Gum, Black Gum, Popular,
Maple, Ash and Cypress.
Thi? is a splendid body of land, lying
nost conveniently for transportation.
The tract is known as the Samuel J. Brad
ey Land-is bounded by the Waterce Rivtr
>n the west and on the other side9 by lands
>f House, Bradley, Pinckney (Fliwassee)
Caldwell and Brayton. Titles clear and per?
ec?. Plat on record at Sumter Court House,
."or terms and price apply to
E. W. MOISE,
March 2S-5. Sumter S. C.
G. D. EBERHARDT,
Opposite the Opera House,
COLUMBIA, S. C ,
Has now in store the finest stock of piece I
oods ever offered by him, which will be made . \
ip to order in the best style and with prompt- ? j
?ss. Satisfaction guaranteed. An exami
tatton of stock is invited).
Mr. Talbert's Talk.
Why and Row Farmers have Suffered
in the Past-Discussion of the Sub
Treasury Scheme-No Combination
leith Knights of Labor-The Aims
the Orders Have in Common.
[Greenville News Maj 1.]
There was a fair assemblage, num?
bering, perhaps, three hundred people,
gathered io the court house yesterday
morning at eleven o'clock, the hoar set
for the delivery of the lecture on the
Alliance by Colonel W. J. Talbert,
State lecturer of the Farmers' Alliance
of South Carolina. The majority were
farmers but there was a sprinkling of
lawyers, merchants and county officials
in the audience.
Colouel Talbert began his address
with a pleasant reference to the
pleasure it gave bim to speak to
Greenville audience and congratulated
the people of Greenville on their pro
gress, thrift and enterprise and on the
harmony and good will prevailing be?
tween the city people and those who
lived in the country. The Farmers'
Alliance was an organization whose
aims and objects were high and holy
and grand. While its objects was the
good and protection of the farmer it
looked also to the upbuilding of every
other class of citizens, for on the suc?
cess of the farmer all other classes
**I am here in tbe interest of tbe
Farmer's Alliance,M Colonel Talbert
said. ''I am not here in the interest
of any politician or as a political
speaker, but incidentally to touch upon
such political matters as we, as farmers,
are interested in a strictly non par?
tisan way. It is not our object to pull
anybody down. I am not here to
make war on any class. The motto
of the Alliance is "equal rights to all
and special privileges to none."
.'Some of you will expect me to
point out your enemies, to say that
the lawyers are your enemies or the
merchants. I want to say that the
farmer has always been his own worst
enemy. The farmers have not known
themselves or their strength. Look at
the condition of things before the war.
Then the farmer was wealthy and in?
dependent. The war changed every?
thing. All our industrial conditions
have been changed and W2 are prac?
tically in the midst of a new civiliza?
tion. Legislative enactments have
been for the benefit of every class but
the farmer. Think of the farmer
boeing on a rocky hillside with a hoe
on which be paid fifty per cent, tariff,
and equally heavy taxes on the hat he
wears and the coat on his back. All
the time he ts paying big profits to the
merchant. The farmer was his own
enemy because be did not study bis
own condition. He was unwilling to
attempt the solution of the agricultural
and industrial problems of the day
Some even told him iii?! he bad no
business with politics. But the farm?
ers are beginning to study and they are
leaving the old and beaten paths.
"You all know," he said, "that the
only true and correct system of farmiog
is the cash system. Then get down to
that and get rid of the runinois credit
system. You can do it by trading
through your county bureaus, patron?
izing the State Exchange and banding
together to borrow money at low rates
of intereet. There is no other way
than by organization. And you've got
to stick together after you've organized.
Before this, every farmer has been
toting his own little skillet, thinking he
could do better by himself. Put that
skillet down and let us all get around
tte great pot of the State and we'll
make her boil ! We can't do it by
abusing each other.
"li bas been said that the Alliance
will be a failure because the farmers
won't stick. I say if there is a roan
among you that you've got to put tar
on to make him stick, kick him out.
We propose to have an honest, upright
order. I contend that the Alliance is
next to the Church. A man who acts
out tho principles of the Alliance is
bound to be a Christian. The man
who readers our book of principles will
fiod they are founded on the Bible.
"Thc Grange has been used as an
argument that the Alliance will fail. I
say that the Grange was not a failure ;
it was a graod success. Look at her
condition when the first Grange was
organized in this state. We were then
suffering under Radical misrule. The
people began to organize themselves
into Granges and to study and to know
themuelves. They found that they had
strength and unity in organization. Io
consequence they started other organi?
zations, among them the "red shirt''
companies in 1376. The Grange was
one of the factors in producing the
wonderful results of '76. Can you call
that a failure? You can't divide the
white people in this State. You can't
split the Democratic party. The man
who talks about splitting the party is
worthy of suspicion The Grange put
the people to reading and thinking and
the farmers at last carno in for some
consideration. Now they actually have
a distinct place in the government, thc
Secretary of Agriculture being a
"Some people say the Farmers'
Movement in this State is a failure.
Though I am not herc to-day to advo?
cate that movement, I say that the
Farmers' Movement is not a failure. I
want to say that we have made a step
in the right direction. With the help
of the Alliance we will redeem our lost j
civilization, put trade into the proper j
channels and revise our financial sys?
tem to the benefit of every class except
the National banks and Wall Street
?am* ers who ought to have what they
have got taken away from them.
"The farmers of the country in 18<>^
[>wned two-thirds of the country's
wealth. Now they own hardly one
Fourth. The bankers now own 500
times as much and ?be rail roads 2.000
times as much as they did in 1865,
Vhe country is growing richer but the
producer is growing poorer. In I860,
the wealth of the United States was
ibout eight billion and the farmers
)wned about five billion, a little over
;wo-thirds Io 1880, the country's
wealth was about sixty-two billion and
;he farmers owned about fifteen billion
md they were over fifty per cent, of the
[K>p?latios. In Knglandstatistics show
that one thirtieth of the families OM
two-thirds of the property. Io tb
country where there are about tbirtet
million families and an aggrega
wealth of sixty-two billion, one sixtie!
of the families own forty-seven billioi
of the property. There is double tl
concentration of wealth here that thei
ia in England. Eight million farmei
pay every year $160 a head into tl
? ational treasury to keep up the natior
al bankers and speculators." In 188(
he said, the national debt was aboi
?2,784,000,000. The government ha
paid out about ?3,590 000,000 an
there remained about ?1.692,000,00
unpaid. It would take three times s
much corn or wheat or cotton topa
this now as it would in 1886.
"The national banking system back
ed up by the government is cutting tb
country off at both eods, reducing th
value of our products and contractin
the currency. In 1866 there were tw
billions of treasury notes in circulation
giving $50 per head. Now the popula
tion is double what it was and the cir
culation is one half what it was in 1866
The monetary system of the govern
ment makes this possit-2. It is tb
mother of trusts. These things mus
be changed." "But can we," he ask
ed, ' expect our present representative
in the National Legislature to give u
any relief? In the Senate there are Si
members, 69 lawyers' and 1 farmer
In the lower House there are 335 mern
bers, 221 lawyers and 13 farmer?
Out of the 417 in Congress we havi
300 lawyers and 14 farmers. I am no
fighting the lawyers but there is n<
denying that the legislation of the na
tion is run by them. The lawyers hav<
one representative for every 214. Wi
farmers have one for about ever
600,000. We don't want the lawyer"
to have it all. We must go to the bal
lot box and put men in who will givi
us what we are entitled to. You maj
cali that politics if you wan't to. 1
want it understood that we are no
fighting lawyers. There are bad law
yers as there are bad men in all profes
sioo8. An honest lawyer cannot be a
enmity with an honest farmer and vice
versa. We are simply trying to lea?
to do without the lawyers. There if
no use in farmers going to law in ever}
"We want to get rid of the middU
man. By our County and State Ex?
change system we swsp one middle
man for three or four and the cost it
reduced for the farmer. That is nol
fighting the merchant. It is simply
doing without him. A merchant ie
like a lemon-you've got to squeeze bim
to get the good out of him. You can
let tba merchant alone by tradiog
through the channels provided by the
There was no combination between
the National Alliance and the Knights
of Labor, as had been charged. ' I
was present," he said, "at the St. Louis
Convention and know that there waa
and could not have been any such
combination. There was on agree?
ment to co-operate in the effort to
change the monetary system that is
oppressing laborer and farmer alike.''
The gathering at St. Louis had agreed
on three measures to be presented be?
fore Congress as embodying the de?
mands of the farmers, one in regard to
transportation and another in regard to
"The 'sub-treasury' scheme was the
financial proposition referred to. I
don't pretend to understand all its de?
tails, but if I knew nothisg about it I
would be willing to submit my claims
to such men as have the measure in
charge. We are not committed in?
dissolubly to that plan but we invite its
opponents to give us a better. It will
benefit every class. It will benefit the
cotton manufacturer, enabling him to
buy his supply as he needs it the year
round. It will bercfit the railroads,
doing away with the need for the great
amount of rolling stock now used only
for a few months in the year. We
muse have more money in circulation
and this plan will give it to us. I am
down on national banks. I am op?
posed to the government making them
depositories. Judge Cothran says the
sub-theasury scheme is unconstitutional.
If it is then why arc not the national
banks unconstitutional ? They are on
the same principle. Some say by the
eub treasury scheme we are pooling
our interests with the Western men.
Well, we are a union of brothers and
have agreed to lay aside all sectional
prejudice. Others say it will create
vast Federal patronage. That is not
so, for the bill provides for the election
of the county ware house officials by the
people ot the county where it is located.
We are told that the government ought
not to be a money lender. Well, it
doesn't loan money to the national
banks. It gives it to them. Why
should not the government let the money
go direct to the people, as by the sub
treasury scheme ?
"The railroads are robbing the peo?
ple. We want to make them the ser- j
vants instead of the masters of the peo?
ple, and to stop injurious discrimination.
"We want to stop the alien owner?
ship of land. We contend that no man
should own land in this country who is
not a citizen. Every year a million
of dollars is sent over the sea to the big
foreign land loan companies to pay
interest on the mortgages they hold here.
We are also opposed to tho railroads
having more land than they actually
need. These demands have been sent
up to Congress. If Congress does not
give us relief, we must send somebody
there who will.
"There is a great fuss going on
?bout boycotting. We are too high
toned an order to boycott anybody and
nobody should boycott and abuse us.
Let 'cm keep off of us. We've got
?onie rights and if they don't respect
them, we'll make 'et?. Wo ar<; com?
bining, but wc ate uot combining to
break anybody down. We're simply
5g?iting the devil with fire "
Colonel Talbert closed his address
with an appeal to bis larmer hearers to
?rudy their profession, read thc papers
md beep posted and do their duty to
:heir own sub-all ian ces for the good of
:he canse. Ile spoke for nearly two
murs rind entirely without manuscript,
many of the statistics ho presented being
given from memory. His speech was ?
brightened with a series of amusing
anecdotes which kept bis audience COD
valsea* with laughter at frequent int
vals. There were oct?asional interr
tions of applause of a mild character
nothing of a very demonstrative nate
Immediately after the close of Cc
nel Talbert's epeech, the assembl;
---? .*. ? * -
The Biggest Thing Yet.
And now a scheme called the F
mers' Co-operative Brotherhood of I
United States is afoot. The scheme i
volves an organization with an autl
rized capital of fifty millions of dolla
divided into one million shares. T
author of this mighty project is Geor
A. Williams of Chicago, who was bo
and brought up on a farm.
The shares of the company are to
sold to the farmers at $50 to the shat
no man to hold more than one, and tl
vast sum will be controlled in order
dictate the price of grain. It is n
proposed to indulge in speculation ; t
farmers will not run "corners" or bul
prices, the object being to secure to t
tillers of the soil a reasonable return f
their labor and investment.
Mr. Williams says that he does n
see why the scheme should not be su
cessful. He says he is a practical fa
mer, born and raised on a farm, ai
that it is not many years since be 1?
the farm. He says the farmer is tl
very poorest paid man in the worl
and that he is the only man in tl
world who has nothing to say as
what his goods shall be worth; b
when he has millions at his back, wht
he becomes a cohesive political powe
things will be changed. The Brothe
hood is not to be a political organiz
tion, but when it gets fairly into oner;
tion it will make itself felt.
There have been no steps taken y
beyond the fact of incorporation. M
Williams says big things move s?ov
and he does not hope to get the fifi
millions at once, bat that they will g<
half the amount, or twenty-five million
to be deposited in some strong Cbicag
bank, and used as the emergency ma
The idea is to control the corn mai
ket. It is said that as there are bi
five States which grow corn to any es
tent-Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Kansa
and Nebraska-it ought not to be
difficult thing to control the corn mai
ket. With this vast sum of money i
band it would not be a bard task to dil
tate the price of corn so as to secare th
farmer a fair return for his investmen
Speaking of the constitution, Mi
Williams says whilst it may be amen
ded, it is now what it substantially al
ways will be : an organization the ot
ject of which will be self-protection
protection against monopolies and othe
combinations. The constitution prc
vides that any one who is a farmer o
renter or personally engaged in farm
ing may become a member of the organ
ization by paying one dollar. Then
will be a president, three vice presi
dents, two secretaries, a general ii
chief, an attorney, a treasurer ani
board of directors. There will be :
different treasurer for each kind o
grain-wheat, oats and corn-with i
loan department, a storage departmen
and a purchasing department each presi
ded over by a chief and all under coo
trol of the general in chief. The boan
of directors will have general chargi
aud elect all officers. There is to be a
head man in each County in every Stat?
in which the Brotherhood bas a mern
bership. This head man will repor
monthly the condition of the crops anc
the grain in the hands of the Brother
hood. This general in chief has saper
intendence of all the departments
Delegates from each County elect thc
board of directors. This board of di
rectors fix the price farmers should gel
for their products. Every member o?
the Brotherhood has the right to sel
his grain to whom he sees fit, so long
as the price is not lower than the mini?
mum fixed and is satisfactory to the
Brotherhood. Should the price bc
lower than that fixed, then the member
is pledged to give the Brotherhood thc
preference at the price offered by others,
or to borrow the money and hold the
It is not proposed that the Brother?
hood should hold any more grain than
can be helped, though it will have to
hold some, and for that purpose it
will establish elevators in the princi?
pal cities A farmer's grain will be
bought only in case that he is obliged
to sell and does not wish to borro..
money of the Brotherhood in order to
hold and the market price is below the
When a member of the Brotherhood
desires to obtain money on his grain
and the market price is below the estab?
lished figure, he will receive four fifths
of the cash pri?e delivered to the order
of the Brotherhood, the producer paying
six per cont, on the use of the money.
Should the price advance, half of the
advance goes to the* former and tbe
other half to the Brotherhood. The
Brotherhood takes a bill of sale of the
grain as security, and will be considered
as having ownership of the same as
soon as thc money is advanced upon it
The Brotherhood will provide euita
hie storage in all places where grain
can be shipped, and will sec to it that
only reasonable rates of transportation
arc charged on shipments, a special
committee being charged with this
Every member who sells his grain to
some one else than the Brotherhood at
a less price than that fixed, without giv?
ing notice to the Brotherhood, will be
fined $5 for the first offense. ?-5 for
thc second offense, and forfeit half the
value of thc grain so sold for thc third,
besides losing his membership and ifs
rights ; provided that a member is not
liable to a fine if he has previously noti?
fied the Brotherhood of the intended sale
and it is not in a position to accept the
One-half nf all interest receipts, pro?
fits on :nl van ces, etc., ?re lo be pet aside
to cover rho guarantees of the Brother?
hood on their bonds or loans, the same
to be invested by the board of directors
in bonds or securities or real estate.
The other half will be used in building
warehouses and elevators. Whatever
balance there may be will be credited
to the membership fund and paid to the
members every five years as earned
All this looks very wild, but, in view j
of what bas been done by co-operative , ;
associations io certain European Sta
and what has been done in this cout
by our labor organizations, it is not
actual impossibility.. Yet it wo
seem that to protect a thousand mill
dollars worth of grain with fifty mill
is scarcely rational. It would be Ilk
planter protecting the sale of a thou.-;
dollar's worth of cotton with $50
bank. But there is this wide d i fi
ence : that a great fund made up in <
effective aggregation is large enough
exercise an appreciable effect at <
given time, and upon the sale of p
duce as occasion permits, the same b
by way of protection, may be repeat
ly used during the market season.
If this scheme should avail aoythii
5 per cent, of our cotton crop, say
three hundred million bales, or so
$15,000,000, thus banked, may p
tect the price of cotton in the mark
But we shall see-Columbia Registei
? ? > ?
Money and Morals.
Address of the Hon. Henry Wi
terson at Charleston.
The feature of the meeting of t
State Press Association this year v
the address of Hon. Henry Waiters
of the Louisville Courier-Journal at t
Grand Opera house last night. T
stage was a wreath of flowers, mo
palmetto and flags, both state and i
tional, a peculiarly appropriate decoi
tion for Charleston. There were fi
toons, hanging baskets, and wreati
and all manner of arrangements of f
ral decorations. The centre pie
above wa? a large star, and behind ?
a palmetto tree. The decorations we
the work of Mr. Brookbanks of tl
At 8 o'clock the two press associatio
marched into the Grand Opera bous
already crowded with ladies and gentl
men of Charleston, and filed through
the stage. Mr. Watterson, on the ai
of the Mayor, first appeared, and w
greeted with storms of applause. T
members of the association followe
taking their seats on the stage.
The Mayor in a few complimenta
words, introduced Mr. Watterson, wh
after a brief introduction, annoanci
his subject "Money and Morals," wbii
is a very popular lecture of this celebr
ted editor. This address is a full di
cussion of the condition of the count:
and the dangers which threaten it.
was full of humor and brilliant flash
of wit, which cannot be done justice
a brief synopsis. The high standard
money and the low standard of mora
he regarded as the greatest danger, ai
the only real one that threatened tl
country. He considered this tl
greatest country the sun ever shot
upon, and the most rapid in its progre
and prosperity ; but there were the:
dangers threatening it. The getting
money was the sole object of the life
nearly all Americans now, and whi
money was a good thing to have, ac
all of us at some time or another desire
it, no man could pursue it as an obje
without appropriating to himself son:
of the brittleness and hardness that b<
longed to the metal.
Money is the first material fat
around which life revolves. Whethe
we accept the Old Testament versio
that money is the root of evil, or th
modern version that money is king an
Kothohild his prophet, no man ca
afford to disdain it. Many rich me
must have gone to heaven for tbei
have been many who lead pure live
and just ; but money has corrupted ter.
where it has softened one.
He paid bis respects to hypocricy i
no measured words, and especially tbs
which condemns vice in clarion tonet
and at the same time cloaks a wors
one in the hypocrite's own heart. Ii
closing he addressed himself to the edi
tors present as follows : "Go to you
sanctums, and teach the people that i
morals at least, old things are bes)
Standing in this regal city, aroun
which clusters so much proud histor)
I would put my foot in scorn upon tba
thing which has been called the "Nev
South,' of which so much has been said
Under the spurious label bas bee:
brought the impious methods of th
quaok pbilanthopist, and the poilutiot
of the bucket shops. I beg of you if yoi
see a boom ; hit it : If you see a boom
er, spot him. A 'boom' is the devil*,
own device to rob the victim of hi;
money and the boomer of bis soul
Cities are not built that way, if we mus
have a new South, let us have an hon
est South. Cling to all that is grea
and good in the past and upright anc
broad, standing erect in thc sight o
Mr. Watterson ?9 as forcible a
speaker as he is a clear thinker. Hil
sentences have a rugged grandeur and
a lack of smoothness which allows them
to pass easily from humor to pathos or
to beautiful and even grand eloquence.
He spoke for an hour and a half ;
but not one of the vast audience lost
patience, and the speaker was frequent?
ly iuterupted by thunders of applause.
Charleston World, May J.
-m - ?? ?? - fi -. -
Hon. George D. Tillman.
We are authorized to say that the
Hon. George D. Tillman will be a
candidate for re-election in the coming
contest The Sentinel will support
him. First, because there is no man
in the District who ^an serve bis con?
stituents any better; second, because
there is no mao who may aspire to
the place who has the experience,
although he may possess crpual ability ;
third, because be made no promises in
the Aiken convention, which culmi?
nated at B imbi rg with his nomination ;
fourth, because he will come before thc
people and express bis views freely and
fully upon the issues of the day.
(ioorge I). Tillman for Congress. Let
us have him again.- BttrnireV. Sentinel.
-m i -
"Mamma, I know thc gentleman's j
name that called to see Aunt Ellie last
night and nobody told me, either."
"Well, then, what is it, Bobbie?"
"Why (ieorgc Don't. I heard her
say George don't in thc parlor four or
five times hand running. That's what
his name is."-Philadelphia Times.
Dit. ACKER'S ENGLISH PILLS
Arc active, effective ?nd pure. For sick
headache, disordered stomach, loss of appetite, !
t) d complexion :ind biliousness, they have '
never been equaled, either in America or abroad. I
Siold by Dr J. F. W. ?eL?3ruw. 2
A Cigarette Smoker.
The Warning of a Suffering Young
Man to the Boys of this Country
NEW YORK, April 20'-"Let any
boy who smokes cigarrettes look at me
now and know how I have suffered,
and he will never pat another in his
mouth." These were almost the last
words of Samuel Kimball, sixteen
years of age, who died in a ward at St.
Joh n's hospital, Brooklyn, Friday. As
be lay apon bis cot he was indeed a
sad spectacle, and a glance at him un?
doubtedly would have been a forcible'
warning to millions of youthful cigar?
ette smokers. His body was of a
deadly yellowish hoe, the face, arms and
trunk were emaciated, and his legs
were swollen to twice their normal size.
His sunken cheeks, livid lips, dull eyes
gave a ghastly appearance to his face,
more like the face of the dead than the
living. The fresh air came through the
hospital window and played around bis
head, bat every breath that he took
cost an effort, and at times it seemed
as if be would strangle to death. No
nourishment had passed bis lips for
hours, and his life was rapidly ebbing
away. A faithful nurse sat beside him
chafing his bands and trying to cheer
his last hours. His case at first puz
zled the physicians, but an examina?
tion showed that he was suffering from
a dropsical condition of the legs. He
experienced great difficulty in breath?
ing and the action of the heart was
extremely weak, though there seemed
to be no structural break. His system
seemed completely filled with nicotine.
H experienced great difficulty in tak?
ing nourishment, saying that it barned
him like fire.
From the first his case was considered
a hopeless one by the physicians, and
be was kept alive only by the inhala?
tion of oxygen. The boy realized bis
condition, and until within a short time
of his death retained his consciousness*.
"Young Kimball, perhaps, smoked no
more than any other boys who were
not so seriously injured as he was/"
said Dr. Royce, the home surgeon of
the hospital. "Bat he was naturally
nervous and delicate, and should not
have smoked at all. The simple smok?
ing of cigarettes deposits a greater or
less quantity of nicotine in the throat
or mouth, but when the smoke is in?
haled into the langs it is deposited on a
surface that is separated from the blood
only by a single membrane and admits
of a more rapid and complete absorp?
tion. It is therefore especially inju?
rious to persons of nervous tempera?
ments and dangerous to those whose
hearts are weak." Young Kimball's
case is rather an interesting one, and it
will no doubt attract much attention
from the medical profession.
Sam Jones, the noted revivalist has
been holding services at Charlotte, N.
C. He has had immense audiences,
but he managed to tread on their toes
and arouse the indignation of many by
denouncing the 20th of May celebration
of Mecklenburg Declaration of inde?
pendence as founded on a myth, and
nothing bat a drunken frolic. The
20th of May is a legal holiday in North
Carolina. lu the evening Jones humbly
apologized for ottering the slander, and
laid the blame on the Philadelphia peo?
ple who he said bad imposed upon him.
He said be would "stamp the feather?
out of them" when he got back to
An Alliance Politician Rebuked by
From The Charleston World.
Editor of The World: ? see bj jour last
issue aa official endorsement of Trie World by
Mr. J. W. Reid of Spartanburg, that is, he
signs his card telling of how he is working
for "the cau8i of tbe Charleston World,"
"J. W. Reid, secretary S C. State Alliance."
I am ao active member of the Alliance and I
had not heard of any endorsement of "the
cause of the Charleston World" by the State
Alliance. He, Mr. Reid, must be under a
misapprehension, as he would scorn, I am
sa re, to use this effi-ial signature without
authority from the order, of which be is so
high and responsible an officer and represen?
tative. Many of us, who belong to the Al?
liance and have worked very bard for its
success-entering it about a year ahead of
Capt. Tillman-would have to resist with ali
earnestness an endorsement of''the cause of
Charleston World" by ocr Slate Alliance,
for the reason that its "cause" is the cause of
protection for American manufacturers, and
we honestly entertain the opinion that pro?
tection is a very wicked scheme for taking the
money of the farmers wilburt their knowledge
and giving it to manufacturers. That under
this system millions of the bard earned dol?
lars of the impoverished farmers of South
Carolina are takes from- them every year to
build up-to make richer, an already rich
class of our fellow citizens.
I am not objecting to The World's pleading
for its side, as it is owned by manufacturers,
I understand, Messrs. Pelzer, Rodgers & Co.,
and others ; but to Mr. Reid's surprising
testimony to the effect that our State Alli?
ance has made common "cause" with The
World. Respectfully, JOHN J. DARGAK.
N. B. I had better ?tate that I am orgaoizer
and lecturer of Sumter County Alliance, and
president of the Stateburg sub-Alliance and
have a right to know and it is mv duty to ex?
pound all the doings of the Alliance. Will
Mr. Reid please explain ?
Stateburg, S C , April 27, 1890.
Editor of The Wo rid : Will you be kind
enough to give space to utter a protest
against this hue and cry abont the Shell con?
vention, (so called) we see nothing in it, only
frightened politicians crying "Snake"
' Snake" and no one bit ; noieven a tail in
sight. Divide the Democracy of South Caro?
lina by suggesting a name to be pla?ed before
the August convention ? This is sheer non?
sense and no sane man will believe it.
It is claimed by a portion of the press of
this State that the March convention did not
represent the farmer. If this be true, will
8<>me of the knowing enes inform us what
Irediil Jones's convention of twenty-one repre?
sented ? We arc anxious to know, being per?
sonally acquainted wiih several delegates
(selected by the aforesaid Iredell Jones) who
since 18?6, have sat by the key board and
manipulated the political wires in every elec?
tion since. Yet they and their "ilk" repre?
sent the horny handed farmer ! Never 1
The sons of to'? have no ?xe to grind, bot j
are profoundly impressed with the fact that,
within Democratic ranks our civilization is
secure, and will prov* rherr loyalty to the
state and Democratic party when the town?
ship elections come off.
This is where the voice of the people is ,
heard andjiot in conventions of picked pol it i- '
cians. We say, let the people alone ; they j
are going to vote right. Only a small minori?
ty of pap-suckers will feel bad when B. R.
Tillman and L. S. Bigham drop their plow
handles for a season. VOTKRS.
Bishopville, April 36.
DO NOT 8?FFKK ANY LONC?KR.
Knowing t h :. t a cough cnn bo checked in a
day, ?tit] the first stages ol consumption broken j
in a week, we hereby purran tee Dr. Aeker's
English Cough Remedy, :<n i will refund the
money to all who buy, t:ike it as per directions, !
and do not tin.1 our statcmcBi correct. 1 ^
[The following bas been crowded otrffbrtbV
past two weeks.]
"Where is the Help for AH tfnifi19
P?SGAff, S. C., April \<?\ I89?.
Mr. Editor : The political situatibn ito this*
Stnte is graver than it has been since 1*876.
Then a united, intelligent minority bad to'
overcome a large compact ignorant majority,*
in possession of rife State go rem ment, and)
led by shrewd intelligent leaders backed by"
the Washington Administration. The resulfT
everybody knoWs. Now we have a house'
almost divided against itself, on local issues,
both sides having wealth; intelligence andr
pluck. Tbis state of affairs should call forth*
from our people forbearance, and5 mutua?
concessions, one to another for tufe cern moe'
good of all. Ever since the F*aimer's' Con?
vention wa9 held in Colombia, t?fe newsptt
pers of our State have with some few except
tions, spoken of this body as if it was a1
radical Convention of the worst sort, tb tbs*
good old days of "good stealing Sorely
the papers forgot that this* body of Farmers if1
our own people, with all tne rights, intel?
ligence, and privileges, that the r?st of us*
have. What is this tirade of abase doing'
but strengthening Tillman and bis party.
Tillman may well laugh at tile opposition to1
bim by the press and a few outspoken in?
dividuals, for he well knows, as all the res?
do, that Blaine had in 18*4', the entire ciiy
press of New York against hint, except tb*'
Tribune, and he polled the full strength' of
his party In the City or more. This instance*
shows the power of the press there,- where*
it is supposed the wealth of It, its ntanero?s*
correspondents, reporters, could arrive a&
public opinion better than we can' here* otf
shorter time. To say that Tillman bas no'
strength, would be child's talk. The tnceeur
of the Clemson Cciiege has given- bim ur
this canvass an immense strength, especially,
when those who so violently opposed it, art*
now his bitter opotoeots. After be makes Bis"
canvass, if he don't have &-majority of rotes*
in the regular Democratic Convention, he can*
run as an independent candidate. If be does,
the radical convention will ebdbrse him,
Harrison will enforce the Lodge Billi (that
will sure to be a law as was predicted'by the*
writer of this article in J$ov. 1-888",) and be*
will be elected, and where is* the man who*
ever in these modern times declined; the*
governorship or any other high office. Right/
here, I have beard, whit? men say they in-*"
tend to vote for Tillman anyway, men who*
will spill their blood if necessary at the*
ballot box for their rights. Where is~ the*
help for all this t Abu's? won't db it for that
is wrong. Each man has the right to' vote*
to suit himself, or get any offibe be calf. We*
live in a free country and no man'con "bot?
or control" another if he is a mao.
That all the high offices' b?te always been"
absorbed by a certain class, is apparent to*
a)l. That the common people are only
wanted for their votes to keep this Class up,
who feel themselves better than anybody
else is well koown, that they most always1
play second fiddle to this class litte tub Sooth'
does to the North, goesr without ssyiugV
Tbat this class ostracises all differing from1
them, like the South Carolina University's*
rich aristocratic (?) boys do the.poor fellows"
there, ls a fact. That this big University wai*
established for this class is a well known*
fact. It is useless for Messrs. Iredell Jbnerjy
T. W. Woodward, and J. C. F. Sites of thi*
State io call a conference of fanners' to' meet
in Columbia on the 23rd, inst., as published?
in the News and Courier of this week*-,- to*
offset the Tillman Convention. This method
is worse than Shell's tactics. A tbbosantf
men could be brought together in this way
who oppose Tillman, and rice r?rsa. . This*
all amounts to nothing. The only evidence*
of Tillman's weakness is that be' has gone'
outside of his party. He should make his*
fight within his regular' party and: abide tBfe
result, whether it is for or against bim. This1
would be patriotic and honest. B?f. Sa?ror,
this campaign will be no child's play. The"
United States government will take a- hand;
for it bates ns as tba Devil does the ?aints.
Let us quit quarreling with people oecaUMT
they differ from* ns for it does no* good1, bot*
observe the golden rule In each instance, espe*~
: ciaily with our own' people. Jtsir?t.
- - mm ri"
The first money one really eaftrs has d
value and an importance peculiarly ftr?
own-a raine" which is increased if tfctf
money is earned* by hard* tttid fmthtui
iubor. One man, at least, will nereT
lorget bow he fett on* receirirrg hts first ..
wages. Ile was a boy of at tho' time1,
a western farmer's son. Early one*
morning a neighbor appeared* vme?pect
edly at the door.
"My boy's down sick, todayv** fte' enldv
"an* I wondered if I couldn't git you/
Jimmy to drap corn for me m a piece*
fm just finishing up. Of coarse T? exK
peet to pay him' for it.*
As our corn was all in, says the'gentifo*
man, and my father was always glad to*
oblige a neighbor, he said at once that f
I was greatly pleased with the fdea o*#
being iiaid in cash for my services, as I
had never worked away frot? home, aod?
tlie "spending money*" that father occa?
sion ai ly gave me dki not seem like tfrooey
I had earned.
Up and down, down anti up' t&e' fokj*f
furrow's I tramped before Farmer Gray'*
hoe. It was an exceedrnfgfy warm day,
and Farmer Gray was a' "smart worker.*"
and evidently intended that ? should!
earn my money. I had fairly to trot be?
fore him, white he treqwntly encoaragedr
! me lo renewed speed by saying:
"Hurry ?Jong, my son! Git alottg cs?
fast as you kin. h's the' only *ay to*
make a livm* in this v V
We stopped just fong enough to* eat oaf
dinner, and finished planting tho corri
about 4 in the afternoon. Then Mr. Gri*f
..Now, sonny, you can rttake up* fHtf
balance o' tlte day weeding my ontotf
So I pulled weeds t;n nearly 7 o'clock
when I was ca Dod in to supper, afteif
which Mr. Gray said, cheerfully:
"S'posin* you jist split upwood enotjgff
to last Mis' Gray to-morrer, an* then helxjr
me do my feedin*-fof good measure;
It was Quite dark wberi l&f, Gr*f
pulled out his pocket book.
"Well, sonny," said he, "you're done'
right well; an* ? dont mind parin* .at?
man his money when he's aimed iv.
About how much, now, ought I to poy
? was modest and hash ftri, ?nd told1
him to pay me what he thought I hao%
"Well, then,** he reftfietf, "t'po?rf wet
call ft fifteen cents. Folks workin* bf
the day don t gin'fally stay tosupperar/
as you did I reckon fifteen cents*!! W
"bout right Here's your rooney, ?rf
next timo I want a boy III give y?a it?
I took tlie money with a good cor*
science, I had certainly earned it*-3"
T? ra. "??mttonj, Postmaster of fdavfll?, /nd.,
writes: "Electric Bitters has done more foy me*
<han all other medicines combined, for thtf
bad feeling ari ing from Kidney and Live/
t ouble." Jobn Leslie, farmer and stockman (
of sa me place, says : '"Find Klectrre ?ittera to*
be the bost kidney andKvef medicine, made n*
feel like a new man." J. W. Gardner, bare?.
ware merchant, same town, says: Elect ic Btu
t?ts is Ju*t the thing for a man Who is-?ll ran
down and don't care whether bs Rte? Sf* die :
he fntmd new ?treogtb, good appetite and fe&
just like he had a rew lea.?? on 1 fe. Only 56*/
a bottle, at J. F W. DcLorme'x Drug Store, f
- mu - * -i
The roost delicate constitution can safely
ose D. J. H. McLean's far Wine Lung Bala?.
It is a sure remedy for coughs, loss of voicSy
and all throat and' long troubles.- vFap
Sven the most vigorous and hearty peoprV
have at times a feeling of Weariness and Uwi
tude. To dispel this feeling take Dr. ?. If.*
McLean's Sarsaparilla; it will impart vigoV*
and vi-tarlity. vJwy