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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, May 07, 1890, Image 2',
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Cjjt ^tattbroan m? Sou? bron
WEDNESDAY, MAY 7.
The Sumter Watchman was founded
io 1850 and the True Southron in 1866.
Tba Watchman and Southron now has
tba combined circulation and influence
of bc tn of the old papers, and is mani?
festly the best advertising medium in
We are in receipt of another commu?
nication from . 'Farmer" of Mannville,
which the press of other matter forces
as to carry over to next week.
Wc will take this occasion to say to
oar correspondents that we do not wish
to cat off any expression of their views
on the political questions now agitating
our people, bat ia view of the grave
natare of these questions we deem it but
fair and just to all concerned that the
liters of our correspondents should be
inserte-i exactly in the form ri which
they reach oar office. Any corrections by
punctuation, &c, on oar part may
change the meaning of the article and
hereafter we will pubUsb these comma
nicatio?s precisely as they come from
the poos of the writers, verbatim et lite
ratim, et punctuatim. And further,
io view of the fact that great weight
is giveu an article by the signature it
bears, and ofttimes articles bearing
anonymous signatures are attributed to
the wrong persons, hereafter we most
require all letters OD the prominent
political questions of the day to be
signed by the names of the authors
On Tuesday and Wednesday of last
week tho city of Charleston was wholly
given over to the Southern Press As?
sociation and the State Press Associa?
. These two bodies composed of some of
the bess brains of the South and our
State, representing all that is progres?
sive and enterprising-the great energiz?
ing forces of the New Sooth-were the
recipients of a generous and enthusias?
tic hospitality io the old city by the sea.
The great drawing card of the conven?
tion was the speech of the accomplished
orator, scholar and editor, Hon. Henry
Watterson on Wednesday eight. The
News and Courier published full reports
of all the speeches made OD the occasion
of the reception, banquets and excur?
sion tendered to the visiting editors.
These speeches were almost without ex?
ception non-political and directed to the
industrial and manufacturing develop?
ment of the South.
We regret that the Watch min and
Southron was not represented. We
bad intruded to be there but unusual
Eis of bosioess prevented as at the
moment from going.
The Ne vs and Courier is being pretty
generally boycotted by the rampant and
misguided Till m an i tes Every resolution
passed by the little clubs over the State
begin witb a preamble after the follow?
Whereas, the Charleston News aod
Courier has always opposed every move?
ment the farmers have made to better
their coo di ".ion educationally, financial?
ly, and politically, therefore be it, &c.
Tbe above is a falsehood boro, either
of pure ignorance or contemptible ,
malevolence-perhaps of both.
We have often differed with the News
and Courier on public questions, but to
say that it has designedly done aught to
injure the farming classes of the
country ia too ridiculous and only shows
the pitiable expedients to wnich farmer
Tillman's friends are reduced. They
w>h to ph? t off the light.
Tbe St ?cs and Courier holds a high
and deservedly honored place among
the great journals of the Sooth, lt
baa done more towards the develop?
ment and advancement of the interests
of the State than any other agency, aod j
tbe people are acting wrongly and fool?
ishly io trying to pull it down.
THE LEXINGTON LYNCHING, j
it will be remembered fhat some !
weeks ago a negro of Lexington, con- j
victed of ravishing a white woman in
that County and sentenced to be hung !
was respited by the Governor upon the
recommendation of Judge Wallace, who
presided at the trial. The order of re- I
prie ve was accompanied by one from
the Governor directing the Sheriff to \
have the prisoner conveyed to the Co?
lumbia jail to prevent lynching.
This so enraged the people of Lex
iogt>n, who considered it a reflection
open tbeir '.aw-abiding character, that '.
a-?reat mass meeting held at the Court
House condemned the action of the j
Governor io removing the prisoner and ?
sene a delegation to Columbia to de- j
m and that t&e prisoner be restored to
hi? propt' eustodiao, the Sheriff of Lex- j
rogtoo Coun'v. This committee, io an j
interview with Lis excellency, and sub j
sequeotly with Judge Wallace, procur- j
ed the return of Leapbart upon entering !
into a sacred J>?c?ge, in writing, of their j
honor that be would be protected from
The Governor stated to the "indig?
nant" committee that the reprieve wan
granted on aa affidavit which had been
submitted by the attorney for the pris- '
oner, the contents of which he would
soon give to the public. Subsequently
the Governor refused to comply with ;
bis promise, and a report becoming cur?
rent that tbe prisoner wa? to be again
removed to Colan.bia, the people of
Lexington lynched him. !
If it was wrong to remove the pris?
oner from Lexington be ought not to
have been removed ; if right, be ought
Lot to have been returned, and the
Governor's vacillation in the prenti
tended to exasperate and tantalize
people of Lexington.
This lynching, when all the circe
stances are considered, is pecnlia
atrocious and the committee who pie)
ed their honor for the safety of
prisoner, must be made to understs
that their honor is lost and can only
redeemed when they shall have proc
ed the detection and punishment of I
perpetrators of this horrible eric
These inexcusable and bloody deeds
a long way towards justifying the op
ion of us expressed by the North?
The order of the Court, the Exe<
tive interference, the personal honor
the leading citizens of Lexington, t
good character of the State and t
majesty and authority of the law s
contemptuously set at defiance. Wi
will the Governor, the Court, the peoj
of Lexington, and especially the co:
mittee from the indignation meetii
who bulldozed the authorities, do abo
1 it ? The people are anxiously curio
Io our editorial treatment of ti
grave heresy usually termed Tillmanis
we have endeavored to point out i
dangers to the State without indulgir
in any bitterness or intemperate lat
guage. Our convictions are strot
against it. K:H they have not and w
not lead us into indiscriminate abuse
the exponent of the new political do
trines which are threatening the intej
rity of our party and sowing seeds i
discord where harmony bas heretofos
! We do not care to be placed in th
position of being in the smallest degre
responsible for the bitterness and divit
ions which must follow the battle aboc
to be joined.
Mr. Tillman's course is UDprece
dented-his methods extraordinary
Claiming to be the leader of eighty pe
cent, of the electors of the State, he ba
adopted measures that will alienate tb
remaining twenty per cent, if tb
logical results follow.
If the dog wags the tail and not th
tail the dog why cut off and cast awa;
the tail ?
What is the use or sense of makins
enemies of those whom be might retail
as his friends ?
His innovations on the old time-boo
ored, and so far, satisfactory; method*
of the party of which be claims to be i
member amount to revolution, and tc
justify his course he misrepresents facts
and makes statements as facts that are
utterly without foundation.
We are opposed to Tillmanism be?
cause it bas already disrupted the Dem?
ocratic party in that it has gathered
together in a Convention a set of men
of a particular class, outside the rules of
the Democratic organization, establish?
ing a platform independent of that of
the party and are endeavoring to force
upon the party the work of this Con?
vention from which other classes be?
longing to the same regular organiza?
tion were excluded.
What is the necessity or reason for
this? Isn't it possible for eighty per
cent, to control twenty per cent. ?
The kind of feeling propagated by
Mr. Tillman is shown by the hundreds
of letters being published in the Charles?
ton World, now the recognized organ of
Tillmanism. Every one of these letters
has something to say about the oppres?
sion of the farmers by tbe other classes.
They are filled with such expressions
as "liberty," "coo&itutionai rights,"
"inalienable rights," "freedom, "
"equality/' "oppression," "tyranny,"
"aristocracy," "oligarchy," "rings,''
"bossism," "rich," "poor," "farmer,"
"lawyer," "corruption," "fraud," and
the like twaddle and silly rot. You
try to reason with a Tiilmanite and he
utters the war whoop of his faction,
"Poor Farmer," and you might as well
talk to a wind mill. You try to show
the difference between the just cause of
the farmer and the unholy cause of ad?
vancing Mr. Tillman's personal ambi?
tion at the price of everything dear to
the heart of a Southern white man, and
the distinction will prove too refined for
bis comprehension, and he will meet
you with the shibboleth of his ilk,
"farmer," "oppression," etc. You
can't find a place in his tight hide as
big as the point of a needle where you
can make au impression. He will ask
you whether you are satisfied with
thiugs as they now are ? When you
houehtly answer that you are uot-that
clinches it-the victory is his.
We asked a gentleman from the
countrv, who ss a strong Tiilmanite,
whether the new disease, called Tillma
nia, was spreading in his community ?
His answer was, "N<>, very few of u
have it-but we have got it bad."
Precisely Those who have it have
*got it bad," and from the fuss they
make one who does not know would j
suppose the entire population have it. !
Mr. Tillman*8 shrewdness as a politi- !
ciao is demonstrated in this big game j
of bluff. Knowing that be could not
get the support of the regular party. ;
through the ordinary channels, he \
forestalls the people by calling a eon
veotion of his own in order to inaugu
rate his game of bluff. Every lieu- :
tenant has instruction fr<?m headquarters !
to "whoop 'em up lively," and is doing
lt. Could Tillmanism be shorn of its t
"fuss and feathers,'' and Mr. Tillman's
true strength revealed his most confi?
dent opponent would be astonished at
the truth. B-it they make an awful
row. They are so noisy as to actually
intimidate the opposition. The weak
kneed politician anxiously hug? the top
rail of the fence, waiting for the clouds
to roll by.
Take our own county as an exam?
ple of how they work the racket. It
is generally known that Sumter county
is strongly anti-Tillman-in fact Mr.
Tillman has scarcely any strength in
this county-yet in this paper we have
published twice as many Pro-Tillman
communications as we have anti-Till
man. Mr. Tillman's forces are organ?
ized and are working in season and
out of season, and in the long run tbis
work will bear fruit. It is bound to
tell unless met as it ought to be met
manfully and positively. We hear
many say let it alone, it will fall of its
own weight. It bas not fallen yet and,
! indeed, shows no signs of an early
We do not approve the course once
contemplated by the three gentlemen
calling the anti-Tillman farmers' meet?
ing recently held in Columbia. We
ought not to treat Mr. Tillman as a
radical and force upon bim a division
of time. That would do no good, but
rather stir up more strife than many
years could allay. But at home, in
the clubs, on the streets, and above all
in the local papers, we ought to speak
out like men and condem this thing
that is threatening the very existence
of onr party.
There are many men among those
clamoring for Tillman who are honestly
mistaken and a great many who are
equally mistaken but not honestly.
These latter are the designing dema?
gogues and 8tirrers-up of strife who
cannot be happy unless in the midst of
a whirlwind, and whose ulterior motives
are not bard to guess.
Tillmanism is a fungus that will die
out, but not until it has exhaled its
deadly poison of division and strife
that will linger in the atmosphere a
long while after the death of the plant.
The address of those farmers who
recently met in Columbia, published
last week in this paper, points out the
evils of Tillmanism. This convention,
as such, is entitled to no consideration,
but its address to the farmers is a strong
and convincing arraignment of Mr.
Tillman and his little convention. As
the product of a committee of respected
citizens and Democrats it is entitled to
thoughtful study on the part of our
people, and we hope will receive that
respectful attention it merits as the
expression of the opinion of a large
portion of the farmers of the State.
Time and common sense will set
everything right. The people will
learn after a while to know and choose
their real friends-to distinguish the
papers who stand up and fight boldly ?
against errors and public wrong from j
those that bend and twist and turn and
trim to adapt themselves accommoda
tingly to every little breeze of popular
When those who perch high on the
fence, the time-servers and blatant
demagogues, are buried beneath public
contempt, the honest and true and brave
will hold high places in public confi?
Truth, honesty, courage and patriot?
ism will triumph at last.
The Watchman and Southron has
taken its position on the agitating
question of the day from honest con?
victions that we are right. We do not
believe there is a man in Sumter
Bounty who doubts the honesty and
sincerity of our principles. We have
worked faithfully and arduously for
our people. We love every grain of
saud within the broad limits of our
grand old county, and as a factor in
the development and advancement of
the material, moral, and social and in?
dustrial interests of our people we will
not yield the palm to any one.
Our convictions are as deep-rooted
as they are honest and we intend
fearlessly to express them whatever
fortunes they may bring us. A paper
run on any other priociple merits noth?
ing but the contempt of all honest men.
Thank God, we can't be accused of
"trimming*' or '"flopping." Our posi?
tion is the same yesterday, to-day and
to-morrow. We believe we are right
and will go ahead
Assistant Postmaster General Clark?
son was one of the speakers at the I
gathering of the clans iu Pitteburg re?
cently, the same occaRiou at. which ?peak- !
er Reed sounded the keynote of the
revival of the old-time Republican
policy of hatred and organized oppres- j
sion towards the South.
From a Republican standpoint the j
speech of Mr. Clarkson has the solemn j
tone of au obituary nod ought to be I
exceedingly dispiriting to the G (). P. j
Ile is evidently of the opinion that
the old machine, like the "wonderful one- ?
horse shay,'* is going to "smash.'' Hear ;
"Any close observer must have seen j
with interest aud almost astonishment j
?he marvellous manner in which the j
iJemocraiic party has been strengthen- ?
ing its lines in the newspapers and the j
magazines * In the iar^e cities of the :
Kast they have captured nearly all the ;
magazines and illustrated papers. All j
the mercenaries of press and literature j
have been lured into their service. * j
The young people of the household are i
being educated unconsciously against j
the party of their lathers * New Hog
laud has largely gone from the fiith of
the days of the war in its newspapers. *
Democracy has a'so pressed its conquest j
in the agricultural pres?, and iu the
last three of four years many of the far?
mers' papers in the Wost have become
advocates of free trade.*'
James B Heck, the senior Senator ;
from K-ntucky, dropped dead from j
heart, paralysis, in the Baltimore and i
Potomac Railway station on Saturday
last. This is the ?Hi?e depot in which
(ien. Garfield was assassinated ten
years ago ;
Senator Beck was recognized as the
be>t posted mau in the Senate on the
tariff and finances. He was a trusted
lea-ler of the Democracy and his place !
will be hard to fill.
Mass MeetiDg on Salesday.
In pursuance of the invitation extended by
Col. J. J. Dargan, through the columns of
ibe W. and S., to the citizens of Sumter
County, there assembled in the Court House
on Monday last a large body of Democratic
voters to hear art-port from him as to his ac?
tion in the Shell Convention and the "21
Conference," and to confer together on the
political situation. The contrast between
this meeting and the one gathered under the
Shell call was striking, and was remarked
upon. At the latter about 50 farmers were
present, while at this the seating capacity of
the Court roora was taxed. The meeting
was a representative one-farmers being pre
seut from all parts of tba County-Xii 1
manites as well as anti-Tillmanites.
The meeting was organized by the election
of Hon. \V. D. Scarborough as Chairman.
Later on when it became necessary to have
a Secretary, Mr. W. E. Dick was appointed
by the chair to act in that capacity.
Col. Dargan, who had called the meeting,
then took tb. floor and in his usual interest?
ing and earnest manner proceeded to "give
an account of himself." He spoke at length
in opposition to "Tillmanism," indulging in
no abuse of those who differed from himself
preferring rather to throw the mantle of
charity around their actions. Following is
a synopsis of bis remarks :
I received a summons to attend "an im?
portant meeting" at 12 o'clock tc-day of the
County Democratic Ex. Com. It occurred to
me upon reflection that it was a favorable
time for me to account to the people of Sum?
ter for my action io two important gather?
ings of farmers recently held fin the capital
of the State, to which I went in a sort of
representative capacity, yet with scant repre?
sentative authority from those I was attempt?
ing to serve. The Democratic Committee
charged with a proper conduct of the present
canvass within the party, so novel in all its
features, has **s diflicujt a task as was ever
allotted a similar body It needs all the
light it can get in regard to the State of the
popular mind, as it will tax its judgment to
the utmost to map out and sustain a wise
course of action on the part of the party they
represent. I boped this meeting would give
them some insight imo affairs that might
It cannot be too early or too clearly under?
stood that the prime object of all canvassing
or campaigning is to arouse and enlighten
the popular mind, and the prime and only
object of an election is to ascertain that miod.
Your wishes or mine, your preferences or
mine, the success of this man or that, are all
subordinate and comparatively of small con?
sequence. To enlighten the mind and to reg?
ister the vot?is the aim and end of political
campaigns. However unwise the measure,
however unfit the man, it is better that such
measure be adopted and such man elected
than the people be deprived of one jot of re?
sponsible authority over elections. For it is
only by the exercise of such responsible con?
trol that their advancement in citizenship can
be effected. All that any true Democratic
American citizen can ever attempt to do in a
political canvass is to spread the light, and
receive the light, and secure, if possible, a
brave, honest vote, and an accurate count
and correct return. If errors ate committed
by the people it is the people that are hurt by
such errors and no one should be ditwaiisfied.
Because better this than worse. Better this
than suppressed manhood, better this than
checked, stunted and dwarfed citizenship.
This being my conception of Anglo-Saxon
American citizenship, it shall ever be my
effort and true desire to have the popular
mind as weil informed as possible and the
popular will as well ascertained as possible,
be the consequences what they may.
If, however, I could, by the turu of my
hand, arouse a prejudice or excite a passion
which would impair the judgment of a voter
in exercise upon issues presented to him, I
would not do so fur the world, because I
would feel that I was a traitor to my trust of
citizenship and an enemy to mankind were I
guilty of such an act.
To bring my thought directly to the prac?
tical issue DOW presented, I wish Mr. Tillman
defeated ia his present undertaking. I earn?
estly wish it. I am willing to spend and be
spent to that end. But as God is my witness
I wish him treated with absolute fairness, I
wish him to be fully beard and fully under?
stood and I shall do all in my power to see
that these rights are secured him. And
when the vote is taken, if honestly cast and
counted, and he has the majority, it will be
my pleasure to see him Governor of South
Carolina, great as I may think the people
have erred in putting him there. This is my
conception of my duty and this shall be my
course of conduct. I have unshaken confi?
dence io the abiiity of the white people of
South Carolina to take care of themselves,
and to recover from any mistakes they may
make. My supreme and controlling desire is
that they shall have that man for Governor
whom a majority of them want, and my earn?
est labor shall be to assist io securing under
that rule the man best qualified to serve us.
Tii-rrt; id but one course to pursue to achieve
such a result and that is to get all the light
possible upon men and measures and then act
like brave and independent Carolinians ever
should-vote according to our belief of what
is best for the State, without fear, favor or
affection for any man, or any faction, or
any class, remembering always that the great?
est of all public injuries is to darken the miod,
or blr.ckeo the heart, or impair the streogtb,
or lesson the courage of a fellow-citizen.
That the most useful of all public services is
to enlighten the mind, to elevate the senti?
ments, to increase the strength and develop
the manhood of every fellow-citizen. Keep?
ing these cardinal rules of good citizenship in
mind ever we will not go far astray and may
keep others from such a misfortune by our
Of ail the follies I ever heard, refusing to
read opposing newspapers is the worst-is
sure to lead to ruin. The ostrich policy is
unworthy of any intelligent mind. Know
your opponent's strength and methods that
you may meet him and overcome him.
Believing we could not well have too many
conventions and conferences at a time requir?
ing so much investigation and counsel in
order to go right, I did not disfavor the Shell
Convention. I thought it would do good
and believe it has done good by awakening
our people and directing their thought to
public questions. The member of the Kxec
utive Committee for Sumter County, of the
Farmers' Association did himself and the As?
sociation credit by calling all farmers favor?
ing and all opposing to come io the County
ma*:) meeting to elect delegates to the Shell
Convention. Under this general call and his
special, kind personal invitation I came and
presented my views of the situation in a set of
resolutions which, after much discussion,
wer? passed, and I and rune others were sent
to execute th?* will of the mass meeting thus
embodied. We went and tried faithfully to
carry out the spirit arid the letter of the com?
mands of the meeting. We secured a hear?
ing, a seat, by dint of hard and, we think, !
judicious woik, for which too much praise j
canoot be bestowed on Capt. E. M Cooper as
member ot the committee on credentials and
platform. We did not think it wise to fight I
against tbe passage of the platform, which
was only objectionable in some minor points, j
We attempted one objection to one section i
ai d the Chair would never allow the matter
put to a regular vote, KO we reserved our
efforts t?) resist nominations. Just before the
vote WHS put on the question ol nominations
Capt. Tillman was called up and, pointing
his fing?-r at me ami designating mc* distinctly,
he H^ked for a definition ot Tillmanism, a ?
word, he said. I hud coined and used in the
Sumter mass meeting. I frit sure lhat a per?
sonal issue between Capt. Tillman and my?
self would divert injuriously from the main
uni all-important issue then about to tie
vo'ed upon, so I avoided as far as possible a
full definition, though I Was then and hare
been ev.-i since prepared to define it full? in
his presence. Nominations, or rather a sug?
gestion, wa* ma le by th?- convention for Gov?
ernor. Tillman WHS, HS a matter ot course,
selected We took no part whatever in ihe
woik of suggesting, but quietly retired, MS in?
structed to do. wfiile the Convention wns in a
perfect uproar of excitement over the decla?
ration ?>f the ('hair that the convention had
derided to nomi nate Hy our voies and our
voice in earnest protest and argument we en?
deavored to prevent what we were advised by
the mass meeting and sincerely believed was
unwise action on the parr of the Convention.
Regarding conferences and convoitions as
good educational agencies for al! tree citizens,
but especially po for farmers. 1 WMS glad to I
see and to respond to the call for ii c inference
of farmer?, one from each county to take
council on the situation. The action of the
conference and my action as a represeniative
of this County, you have seen repented correct?
ly in the Watchman and SoatArotr, but in
meagre form. The confer? ees in many infor?
mal gatherings and conversations talked over
ihc whole situation. The immense disadvan
tage the opponetits of Mr. Tillman ate suffer?
ing, from not having a candidate in the field
was well understood and considered from every
standpoint. Mr. Tillman is not only the can?
didate but has all the nmchinery of s complete
aud independent party to aid in his election,
a platform and working organized committees.
To follow suit and put such in the fi?ld to
oppose him would, we thought, recognize
what we cannot bring ourselves to admit, the
existence of two distinct parties among the
white people of the State-called Democratic
but really irreconcilable if thus divided and
coniendiog. We felt that too much depends
upon the solidarity of the Democratic party
for us to imperil it by calling another conven?
tion to nominate an opposition candidate.
We had an agreement, though, that we would
spare no effort to have the issues and Mr. Till?
man discussed that we might not havejudg
ment go against the party and the administra?
tion of our State government "from the days
of the Lords proprietors to the preseoi" by de?
fault We called upon all good citizens to
aid us in the work of enlightenment and
correct exercise of the voting power. We ap?
pealed to the Democratic party, in its organ?
ized capacity to see that its integrity is de?
fended properly from the heavy and bard as?
saults made upon it from within, by its own
members. For you must remember this is
sucha contest as was never beard of before.
It is a distinct declaration of war on the
party. Yet au appeal to the party for fina!
decision of the issue. Members are to fight
each other to the last ditch and then come
out, go together again and take a vote as to
who got the best of it. It is an anomalous
contest. The party can't organize against its
members, and yet its own members have or?
ganized against it, dealaring they will finally
come back after they have conquered it aud
received its final decision on the issue.
One more thought and I am done. Till?
man is not the cause of all this stir among the
farmers. The farmers are aroused and
making things very lively and interesting in
every Southern and in roany of the Western
States. In States where Tillman's name was
never heard, and before it was ever beard of
bere out of sight of his own home, there was
a great movement and organizing of agricul?
tural forces. The disturbance extending far
beyond State borders and ante-daiing our
own agitation, conclusively shows that the
causes lie outside of our State lines. To at?
tribute the uprising to a mal-admioistration
of our State government is palpably erroneous.
As the same uprising is in very many, in all
in fact, other States among agricultural class?
es who cannot be the least affected, or the
least concerned, about our State administra?
tion. We should at once see, therefore, that
the judgment that atttibutes it all to Tillman
as a patriot, or an evil designer, is totally in?
competent to deal with the trouble, and the
ignorance that leads lo the belief that such
an awakening and movement could be caused
by the Columbia Club or the Columbia ring
is in pitiable beplessness in such an emergency.
History teems with illustrations of the folly
of this class movement led by a man of Till?
man's type. 1 point you to Dan. Shays, of
America, and Watt Tyler, of England.
What would have been the result if a
Hampton had not led South Carolina in 1876,
and a Washington the Americans in 1776.
We only blame Tillman for apparently pur?
posely misleading an excited class in time of
great and widespread commotion into ways
that can only bring them more trouble in?
stead of less. He appears to be seeking his
own promotion at their cost But he may
be himself in error, or we may be in error in
supposing bim io error. To the end that all
the light possible may be shed upon all our
minds and sound conclusions reached and
wise action takea, we cali foran early, a long
and a thorough canvass.
At the conclusion of Co!. Dargan's address
he stated that he would be glad to hear from
Capt. D. E. Keels, who, he understood, was
a candidate for Lieutenant Governor on the
Tillman ticket, and was present by special
request from himself, or from Mr. H. R.
Thomas, who was also specially invited.
Mr. Thomas then arose and offered a reso?
lution, in substance as follows :
Whereas, three self-appointed and irrespon?
sible gentlemen met at a hotel in Columbia
and appointed Col. J. J. Dargan to represent
Sumter County in a public meeting involving
and covering the interests of the people,
Resolved, That we, the citizens of Sumter
County, desire to thank Messrs. Jor.es, Wood?
ward and Sims, thri-e foreigners to Sumter
County, for nanjing so ?Ood a mau as Col.
Dargan to represent our citizens, bu fr we
deem it a dangerous precedent, and con?
demn Messts. Jones, Woodward and Sims for
presuming to name a representative for o'ir
citizens, and we disapprove of Col Dargan
attending said Convention in the capacity of
Sumter's representative, without being duly
He also made a speech in support of his
resolution and in defenc e of Capt. Tillman
and his methods, which, it is but fair to say,
evoked frequent applause, and showed tbat
there was a fair number of Tillmaoites
Jno. R Keels, E.-q., favored the passage of
t he i f so ! u t i o 3 and made a speech defending
Col. Dargan here explained that he did not
represent Sumter County io the conference
but went as his owo representative.
Col. Jno. S. Richardson followed in an j
eloquent speech, taking the ground that it was
the inalienable right of every American citi?
zen, guaranteed him by the Constitution, to
call a meeting of his fellow citizens to confer
with him if he saw fit so to do, and defending
Messrs. Jones, Woodward and Sims in issu?
ing their invitations to a conference.
Senator Marion Mois* followed on the same
line and showing that there was no aristoc?
racy in this State except the aristocracy of
merit and intelligence, which ought to and
would ru'e. Elis speech was freely punctuated
At this point a proposition was made to
eliminate from the resolution al! reference to
Col. Dargan, but thal gentleman objected,
saying that he would sink or swim with
Jones, Woodward and Sims.
Mr. Thomas then off-red to withdraw bis
resolution, but Col. Richardson insisted upon
having a vote, and the question being nut, the
resolution WJS killed without a dissenting
The following resolution was then offered
by Col. Dargan and adopted, after which the
meeting adjourned :
Resolved, That this mass meeting calla
upon the County Democratic Executive Com?
mittee for a thorough canvass of the County
before the meeting of the County Convention
for the election of delegates to the State Con?
Acknowledgment of Subscriptions
for tbe Colored Industrial Fair.
Marion Moise $10, Altamont Moses 5, J.
Re ttenberg k Sons 10, Ferdinand Levi 5, Ii.
P. Monaghan 5. Brown ?Chandler 5. B. J.
Barnett 3, E.W. A. Bultman 5, Bultman k
Bro. 5, Neill O'Donnell 5, R. M. Wallace 5,
W. Alston Pringle, Jr. 2, A. P. Levy k Co.
3, Schwartz Bros. 5. Cresswell k Co. 1 Frank
O'Donnell 1, C. I. Hort k Bro. 2, Kingman
&Co. l, J. F, W. DeLorme 2. R.'W. Da
Rao t 5, Moses Green 1, fi. P. Kicker 1, W.
H. Yates 1, W. M. Graham 1. A. White 1,
W. F. B. Hai nsworth 1, T. B. Fraser 1. J. T.
Green 1, C C Manning 1, Jno. S. Hughson
I, I). J. Winn 5, W. R. Delgar 1, A. J.
China 1, li A. Brand I, Geo. W. Reardon 5,
L. W. Kolsora 1, J. A. Schwerin 1. Jno.
Reid 1, C. E. Stubbs I, J. J. Bossard 1, H.
H ar by 1.
I tender on behalf of the Association, my
sincere thanks for the substantial aid rendered
by the public-spirited citiz-ns of Sumter.
J. B. MIDDLETON, T,res.
The Sumter Book and Novelty Company's
stoic is open from IO to ll A. M. on Sundaes
Graded School Koli of Honor.
NINTH GRADE- Miss Mamie Karby, Miss
Mamie Wai reit,. Mr. Hugh Hai nsworth, Mr.
Harry M ?kel I.
SEVENTH GRADE-Howard Dickson, Miss
Mamie Diiikins. Miss Ellie Earle, Frank Hol?
man. Herbert Moses, Biynard Yeadon.
Six GRAOK-Bessie Lee, George Dickson,
FIFTH GRAUE-Susie Dickson, Beulah
Rhame, Laura Mood, Marie tireen.
FOURTH GRADE-Mamie Diiikins, Claude
IIurst. Fred Bicker, Claude Rhame, Lou
SECOND GRADR-Man? .Jervey, John Rich?
ardson, Theodore Kershaw, Ethel Carsou,
; Tom \.\ nam.
i FIRST GRAUE-Louis Rhame, Tom Flowers,
Sophie Richardson, Lydia Lee, Augusta
-^mmm- - -
i Faults of digestion cause disorders of the
: liver, and the whole system becomes deranged.
I Dr. J. H. McLean's Sarsaparilla perfects the
j process of digestion and as?imilaiion, and
; thus uiak-.s pure blood. vlap
Confederate Monument Again.
Mr. Editor : It is a crying shame that the
Confederate Monument is allowed to he ir.
j?red. eve? desecrated, the fencing poing to
ruin and grounds growing up with rank weeds.
You have frequently coiled attention to this
matter hut nobody seems to notice it ; I sup
! pose because "what is everybody's business is
nobody's business." The Executive Commit?
tee having no funds nor any way of raising
funds, several years since placed the City
Council in charge of the premises on condi?
tion that they would keep the grounds in or?
der. Council after Council bas failed to do
anything. The Ladies' Association means
everybody, therefore nobody. If a legal cor?
poration was organized by those still feeling
an interest in the monument, the Corporation
would have no capital, and could only ap?
peal annually for voluntary contributions ;
but the day for these has evidently passed.
Let some one suggest a practical solution
which will wipe out this blot on our fair City.
ONE STILL INTERESTED.
- -i - ? a i Iii -
Cleanable Refrigerators-Durant & Belitzer.
Cleanable Refrigerators--Durant & Belitzer.
Bucklen's Arnica Salve.
Tha Beft Salve in the world fr.r Cuts, Bruises
Sores. Ulcer?, Salt Rheum. Fever Sores, Tetter.
Chappe<l Hands Chilblains, Corna and ail
Skin Eruptions, anc positively cures Piles, or
no pay required. It is guaranteed to give per?
fect satisfaction, or money refunded. Price
25cents per box. For sale by J. F. W. De
TRIBUTE OP RESPECT.
Whereas, it has pleased an All-wise Provi?
dence to remove from our midst, JNO. F
GAMBLE, and whereas, the Wedgefield Cir?
cuit has lost one of its valued and active mem?
Resolved, That we the members of the
Wedgefield Quarterly Conference do bow io
humble submission to the will of the Great
Head of the Church.
2d, That we will cherish the many noble
attributes of bis Christian life
3d That a blank page io onr Quarterly
Confereoce Journal be inscribed to his mern
ory and that a copy of these resolutions be
sent hts family and for publicatioo.
The above was adopted at the 2d Quarterly
Conference Wedgefield Circuit Jordan Church,
April 26, 1890.
J. R. PHILLIPS, Secretary.
FOR SALE. Large bay horse, finely formed,
9 years old, suitable for heavy draft or
farming purposes. Apply to.
_ W. W. ANDERBON, JR.
TO RENT-Several desirable rooms at the
corner of Sumterand Republican streets.
For particulars apply at the premises.
ADVERTISEMENTS of five lines or less
will be inserted under this head for 25
cents for each insertion. Additional lines
5 cents per line.
~ ~ A CARD.
IWILL BE ABSENT from my office May
13 14 15 and 16 inclusive, attending S. C.
State DeDtal Asscciatien at Charleston, S. C.
May 5 GEO. W. DICK.
NOW IS YOUR TIME TO
BUY A FARM.
ACRES OF LAND for sale in Raftioe
Creek Township-mostly Timbered,
Will seil in whole, or, in lots of 100 acres
each. Apply to E. SCOTT CARSON,
Sumter, S. C.
Or to H. 0. STROHECKER,
May 7-e o w Charleston, S. C.
SUMTER, S. C., May 1, 1890.
THE FIRM OF MORRIS BROS. IS THIS
day dissolved by mutual consent. Louis
Morris will continue the business at the old
stand and will pay all debts and collect ali
Choice Wines and Liquors aDd Cigars
alwavs oo hand at lowest possible prices.
Mee to Atat MeMait
State of South Carolina.
COUNTY OF SUMTER.
Is TH i? COURT OF COMMON* PLEAS.
Wannamakcr <C* Murray Co , Plain?
tiff, a gu ind George McEhcen, De?
SUMMONS FOR RELIEF.
TO TUE DEFENDANT above jiamed:
You are hereby summoned and required to
answer the complaint in this action which
was filed in the office of the Clerk of said
Court on the 17th day of April 1890. and to
serve a copy of 3 our answer to the said com .
plaint on the subscribers at their office. Sum?
ter, S. C.. within twenty days after the ser?
vice hereof, exclusive of the dav of such ser?
vice; and if you fail to answer the complaint
within the time aforesaid, the plaintiff in this
action will apply to the Court for the relief
demanded in the complaint.
Dated April 15, A. D , 1890.
LEE & MOISE,
May 7 -6_
W. H. GIBBES, JR., & CO.,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
STATE AGENTS FOR
LIDDELL & CO.'S
Engines, Boilers, Saw Mills, &c.
Deering Harvesting Machinery,
Thomas Rakes, Wind Mills,
Cane Mills and Evaporators,
ID fact anything, from a Plow Point to
a Cottoo Seed Oil Mill
AT BOTTOM PRICES.
A fair price allowed for old eogines 1
io exchange for new outfits
W. BI. lt EID,
Mayesville, S. C.
Agent for Sumter and Kershaw Co.?
a?d Clarendon, East of Central R. R
PALACE STEAMERS. LOW RATES.
Pour Tri pi per Week Between
DETROIT, MACKINAC ISLAND
Petcikey, The Soo. Marquette, ?nd
Lake Huron Porte.
Every Evening Between
DETROIT AND CLEVELAND
Soadsy Trip? dunne Jun*. Joly, Augtut ead
OUR ILLUSTRATED PAMPHLETS,
Batee and Excursion Ticket? will be furnieaed
by your Ticket Agent, or address
E. B. WHITCOMB, G. P. A., DiTSOiT, MICH.,
?HE DETROIT & CLEVELAND STEAM NAV. CO. _
REAL ESTATE AGENCY.
fTWE UNDERSIGNED has established a
I Real Estate and Collection Agency in
j Sumter and desires property holders having
! property for pale or rent to list sume with
! bim. Tenants secured nnd rents collected
? promptly. Best references given. Office on
i Main Stn-et at T. B Curtis' store.
Vt.r 30 VV. H. COMMANDER.
Ducker (S Bultman
?PRING AND SUMMER
We Are Now Ready.
Just received a nice line of Summer Dress Goods, Challies,
Lawns, Ginghams, Satteens, Outings, Henriettas, Chambrays and
other wash fabrics. Embroideries, Laces, Handkerchiefs,
Ruching, Gloves, Mitts and Hosiery.
A job lot is being closed out, and buyers will save money by
calling and pricing before purchasing elsewhere.
We are also offering Hemstitched Embroidery Suits very
A sample lot of White Bed Spreads at wholesale prices.
Bargains in Damask, Scrim, Bleached and unbleached gooda.
All styles and grades of Shoes for Men's, Ladies' and Child?
ren's wear, at rock bottom prices. No goods misrepresented.
Harness, Hardware, Hollowware, Glassware and Crockery,
Staple and Fancy Groceries.
We are selling them at the smallest possible profit, and the
very best goods to be had anywhere. Ladies shopping need
never be afraid to make their purchases in our store. We give
a Dollar's worth for a Dollar. New goods are added to our
stock all the time, and to keep posted on good things to eat,
Our reputation on Butter, as to the best quality and
reasonable prices, in Sumter has been established long ago.
We sell you the finest Elgin Creamery at 30c. Choice Table
You will find that we give one pound more Sugar for one
dollar than any other house in town.
Try our Tea once and you will be a customer hereafter.
The best Mixed Tea at 60 cents a pound. We also sell 0. &
0. Tea and He-No Tea in i h, and 1 pound packages.
Fresh Biscuits and Cakes Received Weekly*
We have constantly on hand a big stock of Heavy Groceries
and we make very small figures on large quantities.
Give us a call. No trouble to show goods and quote prices,
and less trouble to sell them and put them up.
All articles delivered promptly, free of charge, and in good
order in the city.
DUCKER & BULTMAN.
THE PEOPLE'S FRIEND,
Where a Dollar Goes Farther ta at Any Ofter House in tie Qty.
103 dozen bl ?ck and colored Sewing Silk at 5c. a spool, worth 8 cent*.
250 dozen Spool Cotton (200 yard spools) at 2 cents a spool, worth 5 cents,
25 dozen best quality covered Dress Stays at 5 cents a dozen.
12 dozen Ladies' and Misses' Berlin and Lisle Glores at 10 cents a pair.
23 dozt*n Ladies' Cnpe Collars at 5 cents, worth 8 cents.
48 yards Neck Ruffling at 5 cents a yard, worth 10 cents.
18 dozen Turkish Bath Soap at 3 cents a cake 35 cents a dozen.
27 dozen "Flyer Soap" at 5 ceots a cake, worth 10 cents.
16 doz?-n Hoyt's Dime Cologne at 8 cents a bottle.
8 dozen Swan Down Complexion Powder, 10 cents a box.
1 gross Shirt Buttons, 5 cents.
1 gross Pants But tous, 8 cents.
47 gross assorted Dress Buttons at 5 cents a dozen, worth 10 and 15 cents.
976 yards Linen Laces, assorted widths, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7 cts., worth 25 per cent. mor*.
499 dozen Gents' and Ladies' Hose, from 5 ceots np. We can positively name inch
prices on these goods as would make our competitors wilt.
1633 yards domestic Plaids and Checks at 5 cents a yard.
5S7J jards 4 4 Bleached Muslin, (good as fruit of the loom) 8 cents a yard.
999 yards Cottotmdes and Cissim^res tor boys' and men's wear, from 10 to 25 cents.
33 d"Z*n Men's 3-ply linen bosom white shirts, reinforced back and front, at the ridic?
ulous price of 48 cents apiece.
TIN WA RE.-To country merchants we can qnote prices that will gare jon dollars.
HARDWARE.-26-inch Hand Saw, 44c. ; everything else proportionately cheap.
H ATS.-Straw Hats just received-prices are right.
We have quoted a few prices to show you that we are here to do you good,
and ve insist that you pay us a visit. Thousands of articles we can sall you for
less than half what you pay for them elsewhere. Save money by trading at the
Racket Store, Liberty Street, Sumter, S. C.
D. S. WADSWORTH & CO.
FINE SHOW GASES
-JLx Xjowsasx PBICSS.
Also Wall and Prescription cases, Cedar
Chests, Barber Furniture, Jewelry Trays
and Stools. Csblnet Wort?rf all JM^WtJM.*?Stow and
Banks. Catalogne free. Address ATIAHTA SHOW CASE CO., min. Ba.
WILSON & SPAWN,
SI JIT ER, 8. ?.
Representing some of the best Fire Iosurance Companies doing business in ibo
United States, for Sumter, Clarendon and Williamsburg Counties, we beg lo
solicit a share of the patronage of our friends tn these counties.
FRANK N. WILSON, Manning.
J. M. SPANN, Sumter, S. C.
HEADQUARTERS FOR WATCHES.
JAMES ALLAN & CO.
Diamonds, Jewelry, Silverware, Specta?
cles, Drawing Instruments
THE FINEST STOCK IN THE STATE. RELIABLE GOODS AT
Watch Repairiog a specialty. Chief Inspectors of Watches for South Cam?
ina Railway, Atlantic Coast Lioe and Southern Division of Three Cs Rail Road.
JAMES ALLAN & CO.,
Feb. 8 285 Kiog St., Sign of Drum Clock. Charleston, S. O.
FIRST CLASS JOB WORK
Estate of Mrs. Jane E. Dargan,
IWILL APPLY TO JUDGE OF PRO
bate of Sumter County on May 23d, j
1890, for H final discharge as Executor of AT BOTTOM PRICES*
April 23-it J0I?X W' DAE?4u?or. ' WATCBSAS ?SD SOUTH ROS JOB OFFICE.