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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, March 23, 1892, Image 1',
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WATCH HAN? established April, 1850.
kBe Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, toe thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's "
Consolidated Au?. 2, ISSI.]
SUMTER, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 23, 1892.
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established Jone, 126*
Sew Series-Vol. Xl. 5o. 34.
$|t S?a?tginaK at? Soa?'?ron
Publlsliod every ?Todaesday,
N. Gk OSTEEN,
SUMTER, S. C.
Two Dollars per anuum-in advance.
On* Square, first mserti0n..........~......9l 00
?J?Wtf SUfeeqacDt insertion. 50
15?ntracts for three months, or longer will
be ?ade At red aced rates.
All comnannications which subserve private
.tenets will be charged feras advertisements.
Ot'^Ta^' *nd tributes ot respect will be
To The Public.
I AM STILL SELLING
First Class Goods
AT LIVING PRICES.
It itak^? too much room to
f alh the- bargains
I have to offer, but I must
call your attention to our
IAMB CHAMESE SETS
Boin in China and tin.
K3 DRIVES IN GLASSWARE*
That are solid and will wear.
HAYE YOU TRIED MY
Coffee at 20c. pr. lb
Tee! 8$ 25c. pr. lb.?
if nor, you are missing a genuine bar?
gara*/ It nagi long been a household
word that yon get nothing bnt
good goods, and foll value at
p. - '
I cover everything in Insu
- rance. If it is your life, I
give you a policy in the
Itel Life iisimce Coup?,
- OP NEW YORK,
The oldest, richest and most liberal
Company in the U. S
If on your Gin House. Dwelling,
Stores. Bams, Furn it are or Produce
m ike .following companies, any of which
are strong and reliable !
THE NORWICH UNION,
THE QUEEN, of England.
' of England.
of New York.
of New York.
THE NORTH AMERICAN,
of Newark, N. J.
MECHANICS & TRADERS,
Of New Orleans.
Hj companies are as good and my rates
' as iow as any one.
J. 1. SPAHN,
Sumter, S, C.
fire ai Accident Insurance April
German American of New York.
Ham bang firemen o? Hamburg, Germany.
Orient of'Hartford, Cona.
Liberty of New York.
Aslaota Home of Atlanta, Ga.
Heklaof St. P?ul, Minnesota.
Commercial of Montgomery, Ala.
American Accident of Louisville, Ky.
? 1 l/a??;iao$ vvuiuut Cur?.. A.
8?A3*svu.L?, Haiuiiton Co., Ohio, June, 1SS3.
Ose bottle of Pa? tor Koenig's Nerve Tonio
eared we entirely, after physicians bad tried
?aaaeces9rnlly io.- S months to relieve me of
Marrow debility. W. H?EXNEP?U>.
UKIONVILUB. Mo., January, 1891.
I east sincerely say that Pastor Koenig's Nerve
loa tc bas acted wonderful ; since my boy oom
msocad to use it he has not hod the slightest
syjBjftane Of fits and is getting stout and
keasty ; every one is surprised at the result, be
CMW.1 had bought eight Stiles of medicines
from Hew-York at &U0 per o-.>ltle which did no
fH DENNIS WALSH.
SANSAS CITY, MO., Oct. 8, '90.
Used Pastor Koenig s Nerve Tonic for nerv
outness una general debility, and was greatly
*nMTfif^ by same, lt had the desired effect.
MBB. GEO. E. GEEE?.
MfJ%yp-A Val a able Book en Nervous
L'IIL I* JDi^eases sent free to any address,
S vii ? and poor patients can also obtain
g ts ff? L? thia medicine free of charge.
Ibis nmedy has been prepared by the Reverend
faster Kutti!*, of Fort Wayne, ind., sine? 1S76. and
Jcnow prepared under his direction by the
KOENIG MED. CO., Chicago. Ill?
?oUbyDruszists at SI per Bottle. 6 far ?5.
Vavii'Tlii WI ir 6 Bottles for SO.
NEW UMBER YARD.
IBT8? TO INFORM MY FRIENDS AND
tbe public generally tba: my Saw Mill
located on tbe C. S. & N. R. R., just back of
Mj^reeideaee, is now in full operation, and I
a^wejewe? to furnish all grades of Yellow
Pine Lamber from unbled timber, at prices
according to grades.
Yard accessible on Nortb ?ide of residence.
J, B. ROACH.
J. S HcsHSON, M. D. T. B EDWAK?S.
NEW DRUG STORE.
J, S. HUGHSON & CO.,
Having purchased the Drug
W. H. GRULAND & CO.
Respectfully solicits the patronage of his
friends aod the public generally. They
will find a full supply of fresh
Drags, Medicines, Paient Medi?
cines, Fine Perfumery, Combs,
Brushes, Soaps, Fancy and
Teilet Articles, Eic, Etc.
HER. 1>. J. AULD
So long and well-known to the pecple -of
Sumter as a reliable Druggist and
Will also be found there to attend their
calls, aod fill ail prescriptions in the
most careful manner.
MAIN STREET, SUMTER, S. C.
Given to Co m poon ding Prescriptions
All kinds of
MACHINE WORK REPAIRS
caa bc bad in Sumter, at short notice, and in
the T? ry best class of work, at the shop re?
cently opened by the undersigned on Liberty
Street, near the C. S. & N. Depot.
Boilers Patched, and Mill and Gin
Work a Specialty.
Prompt attention given to work in the
coBtrtry, and first class workmen sent to at
tend to same.
. Gall at'the shop or address through Sumter
Aug 13 EDGAR SKINNER.
L D. JOHNSTON.
SUMTER, S. C.,
Practical Carpenter, Contractor
TT70ULD RESPECTFULLY inform the
ff citizens of Sumter and surrounding
country that he is prepared to furnish plans,
and estimates on brick and wooden buildings
AH work entrusted to him will be done
Aug 19 o
SUMTER, S* Ca
Sold and Silver Watches,
Clock3, Jewelry, Spectacles,
MERIDEN BRITANIA SILVERWARE, Ac.
REPAIR flt G A SPECIALTY.
The Wilcox & Gibbs Guano Co.
CHARLESTON, S. C.,
rpHAT TRACT OF LAND near Sumter
j CH., in Sumter County, S. C., contain?
ing 200 ACRES, more or less, and bounded
as follows; North, by public road from City
of Scroter to Cane Savannah ; East, by lands
of Jno. T. Baker; South, by run of Cane
Savannah ; West, by lands of Jno. F. Gamble
and of Milei H. Plowden ; same teing arable
land and now under cultivation.
For terms applv to.
GREIG fr MATTH EWS,
Dec. 9.-x Charleston, S. C.
i Makes Ohild Birth Easy, i
. Shortens Labor, |
. Lessens Pain, ?
. Endorsed by the Leading Physicians. J
. Book to "Mothers** mailed FREE. J
I BRADFIELD RECULATOR CO. J
% ATLANTA, GA. ?
. SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS. $
Are You Interested?
Are you suffering with any of the following
symptoms: Loss of, or irregular appetite,
loss of flesh, a feeling of fulness or weight in
the stomach, acidity, flatulence, a duli pain
with a sensation of heaviness in the head,
giddiness, constipation,-d?rangement of kid?
neys, heart trouble, nervousness, sleepless?
ness, etc. Dr. Holt'* Dyspeptic Elixir will
W. A. Wright, the Comptroller General of
Georgia, says, three bottles cured him after
having tried almost everything else.
Judge R F, Izlar, Macon, Ga., says, Holt's
Elixir accomplished what all other remedies
failed to do, a perfect cure.
J. E. Pttullin, Ft. Gaines, Ga., writes: "I
have no hesitancy in recommending it, as it
cured me of dyspepsia.
For any further information inquire of
your druggist. For sale by all druggists.
For Infants and Children.
Pastoria promotes Digestion, and
overcomes Flatulency, Constipation, Sour
Stomach, Diarrhoea, and Feverishness.
Thus the child is rendered healthy and its
sleep natural. Castoria contains no
Morphine or other narcotic property.
** Castoria is so well adapted to children that
I recommend it as superior to any prescription
known to me." E. A. AHCHSR, M. D.,
Ul South Oxford St, Brooklyn, N. Y.
"I use Castoria in my practice, and find it
specially adapted to affections of children."
AT-CT. ROBERTSON, M. D.,
1057 2d Ave., New York.
"From personal knowledge and observation
I can say that Castoria is an excellent medicine
for children, actinjr as a laxative and relieving
the pent up bowels and general system very
much. Many mothers have told me of its ex?
cellent effect upon their children."
Da. G. C. OSGOOD,
ran CKSTXCB COMPANY, 77 Murray Street, N. Y.
THE SIMOSDS NATIONAL BANK,
STATE, CITY AND COUNTY DEPOSI?
TORY, SUMTER, S. C.
Paid np Capital.$75,000 00
Surplus Fund.10,500 00
Transacts a G .neral Banking Business.
Careful attention given to collections.
Deposits of $1 and upwards received. In?
terest allowed at the rate of 4 per cent, per
annum. Payable quarterly, on 6rst days of
January, April, July and October.
R. M. WALLACE,
L. S. CARSON,
Aug. 7 Cashier.
1 BM i SS;
SUMTER, S C.
CITY AND COUNTY DEPOSITORY.
Transacts a general Banking business.
A Savings Bank Department,
Deposits of $1.00 and upwards received.
Interest calculated at the rute of 4 per cent,
per annum, payable quarterly.
W. F. B. HAYNSWORTH,
A. WHIT?, JR., President.
Di E. ALVA
OVER BROWNS & PURDY'S STORE.
Entrance on Maia Street,
Between Browns & Purdy and Durant & Son.
9 to 1.30 ; 2 to 5 o'clock.
Sumter, S. C . April 29.
G. W. DICK, D. D. S.
Office over Bogin's New Store,
ZNTRANCK ON MAIN STREET
SUMTER, S. C.
Office Hours.-9 to 1;30 ; 2:30 to 5.
Dr. T. W. BOOKHART,
Office over Buitrean & Bro.'? Shoe Store.
ENTRANCE ON MAIN STREET.
SUMTER, S. C.
OffiVe Hours-9 to 1:30 ; 2:30 to 5.
MONEY TO LEND
ON IMPROVED FARMING LANDS at
8 per ceut. interest and H Commission*
LEE & .MOISE.
Sept. 16 x.
OTTO GA RH A ROT, an experienced
florist and landscape gardener offers
his servilces to the ciiizens of Sumter to lay
out and fit up gardens, attend riuejards and
All work attended to promptly ?nd done
in a manner to guarantee satisfaction. He
has made the busiuessa study and understands
Also will take charge ot'lots at the Ceme?
tery and keep them in condition for a mod?
Orders c;in be left with W. H. Yates.
O OG ? SO?? ? O
Ll 5?3d? ty ?? L?J^ L? c?i-i^
^?^Toenrf, constipation pnrg?n??thoboTr-^r
?els sh ou i < 1 b s ii voided ; it wea kens ? h? *i r
power of motion. A rrentlo aperient rel
cfiect is only required. Tctt's Tiny^"
?Liver Pills aro prepared v.-ith special
views to tho permanent euro of ^
?COSTIVENESS and HEADACHE.
They aro mild and remain ia the syn
tem until they act on tho liver, cause
?anatural Cowof hilo and their tonie
properties impart power tc tho botv-^B
els to remove onliealthy accomola
?t?ons. Good appetite a:?d di?-???:**oa A
resnitfromthoKsoofi > c ??i,'Io;><llr.. %y
Price,25c. OJSce, ?0Park Place,N. Y.
Another Summary of
We continue to observe with interest
"he achievements of the present State
administration as. sang or recited by its
members or friends.
The latest contribution to this class
of contemporaneous literature is by
Lieutenant Governor Gary, of Abbe?
ville. The farmers' movement of that
county met a few days ago and the
lieutenant governor tn&do a speech dur
.Dg which be summarized the work of
the administration as follows:
"It bas been asked what the present
administration accomplished. It has
lowered the taxes, gaiued the Coosaw
caje by which the rights of the Sta's
were protected, maintained the dignity
of the State, had made progress toward
opening Clemson College, until the
work was checked by preventing the
State from receiving the proceeds of
the sale of the Agricultural ball, when
the attempt was made to pay the bid io
fraudulent bonds by oar political
"We have io progress the establish?
ment of au industrial college for our
"We have, as far as possible under
existing laws, equalized taxation, which
can not be thoroughly accomplished
until the laws are perfected. Lynching
has arm03t entirely been stopped. We
have givcu *-.qual rights to all and
special privileges to none.
"Governor Tillman's political ene?
mies were forced to compliment him on
his correspondence with the oficiala of
"There is one thing accomplished by
this movement which eau not be over?
estimated, and that is the chance every
man now has to run for office, whether
he has the permission of a political boss
or not. There may be boys who will
come to the frout, reflect great honor
upon our country, and make illustrions
names, who otherwise would never have
been known, and many a pretty, bright
girl may have reason to rejoice in this
tact. Henceforth merit shall be the
only criterion of suocess."
In the Erst place this administration
bas DO more right to claim that the
farmers' movement belongs to it than it
has to claim that the democratic party
belongs to it. Governor Tillraau was
nominated by the farmers' movement
two years ago. So was Colonel Coif,
who was named by the March conven?
tion of 1890 for lieutenant governor.
The people composing tbe farmers'
movement may waot somebody eire
for governor this year ; so may the
people composing the democratic party.
The lieutenant governor is too pre?
"Lowered the taxes "
What are taxes ? They are not the
tax levy. They are the number of
dollars called from the pockets of people,
taken from active circulation among the
people and used for the expenses of the
government, The taxes called for this
year are ?-11,000 mere than the year
The radical government used to try
that same system of joggling, but they
deceived nobody. They would lower
the tax rates and run up the assess?
ments and then claim "reform." The
people, however, can see through those
things. The can Dot be deceived
The State taxes called for this year
Uuder the "oligarchy," "aristocracy"
and ring, so much derided and abused
in these days, the S: ate taxes were
1877- 78. $625,000. or $127,000 less.
1878- 79, $36?,000, or ?388.000 less.
1879- '80, ?585,000, or ?178,000 less.
These were the Hampton-Simpson
Jeter governments which we are now
told were so aristocratic and extrava?
Gained the Coosaw case-maietained
the dignity of the State.'
The governor's friends seem to for?
get the fact that the Coosaw company's
claim for perpetual right could not have
boen tested until March, 1st 1891, at
which time its undoubted, unquestioned
lease expired. Any governor who
might, have been in office at that time
would|have been bound to test that claim.
No governor could do it before. The
difference would probably have been
that any other governor would have
made the test by a law fuit, making
arrangements by which the Coosaw
company could have continued mining
until the matter was decided. Then
the State would have lost nothing and
the tax payers would have lost nothing,
the latter would have had the benefit of
?150,000 roya^y, which they have lost
aud there could have been a real,
substantial reduction of taxation.
"Opening Clemson college."
Lieutenant Governor Gary's memory
m\)bt be bad. Clemson college was pro?
vided for by that "bamboozled or cor?
rupted" legislature before Tillman's
election. Work on it was stopped
because neither the governor nor the
last legislature favored the appropriation
of ?65,000 to continue it. That was
before agricultural hall was sold.
The women's industrial college is the
joke of the season as a political question.
The State has not given or promised it
j a dollar. The town of Anderson, where
j the people and tax payers are strongly
! against Governor Tillman, has given
every dollar so far in sight, except the
"Equalized taxation." That is just
what has not been done ; what the ad?
ministration has ridiculously failed to
do. Every sensible man knows it.
Every man who reads a newspaper
knows that the administration tried to
make taxation unequal and failed.
"Lynching has almost e ntirely been
stopped" Has it? Why? There
has boen ono case of lynching during
Governor Tillman's administration, and
it was in broad day light and in the
court house town of his own county
Ha anybody been punished for it?
TI.e truth is. lynching crimes have not
occurred. May be Governor Tillman
is en:irled to thanks for that.
"Equal rights to all and special
privileges to none" does'nt pan out.
It has failed to appear in the manage- j
merit of the phosphate matter, in the
award of official advertising between the
Columbia newspapers, in the assess?
ment of rail roads and banks, in the
tux cxtcnniou matter. i
Is there any marked change iu tb
facilities for running ?for office? Di
not every man or boy who wanted t
run have the right to do it before th
)ear 1890? Were the county cai
cuses by which slates were fixed i
that year encouragement for men wh
wauted to go before the people on thei
merits ? Has anybody got any offic
since 1890 without Governor Tillman'
All these claims of performance
would make a poor showing if the
could ail be established. As it is, the
will not stand analysis and compariso
with cold facts and figures.
Nobody has showo where the peop!
have been saved a dollar or given
single new right or privilege after ai
the hurrah and fuss, promises an
charges. It is easy to see where mone,
has bten lost? where ill feeling, strif
and danger have been brought upon us
Those seem to be the only real result
of the Tillman campaign, the only one
likely to be realized under a Tillmai
administration. And the governor'
nearest friends and representatives hav
not to this time shown any others.
- - ? i i
Col. J. L. Orr's Speech.
He said he was not taking part h
the movement for unity and harmony
for office. He wanted no office ant
was not trying to foist upon the peo
pie a candidate of his own. Ile was
willing to work for any good mai
who tries to restore harmony in th?
The first question, he said, it
whether the Democratic voters wan
a continuation of the present admin
istration. "For my part," Colone
Orr said, "I want none of it, and ]
would as soon give my reasons now
as at any time. I bear Governoi
Tillman personally no ill will, but h(
has not kept his promises to the peo
pie cf South Carolina. Ile obtaiuec
office by false pretences and misrep
resentations, and does not pretend
that he has carried out his pledges
He says we have not given him a
legislature which would carry out his
promises. As long as the white peo
pie of South Carolina maintain thc
honor and respect of the State, they
would never be the tool of Tillman 01
any other man." (Loud applause.]
Tillman lias arraigned class againsl
class, Colonel Orr said, and has ucl
carried out the objects of the Farm?
ers' movement. The speaker said he
did not propose to abuse Tillman, but
regarded him as open to criticism.
Tillman promised to reduce taxation
and cut down unnecessary offices.
Ile bad not done it. lie promised
to equalize taxation. Ile has not
done it. What has he done that he
promised ? "I claim that he is try?
ing to abolish the whole system ol
State government," asserted the
speaker. In his last message to the
legislature he attempted to ride over
the judiciary and held Judge Wallace
up to ridicule. Measured by intel?
ligence or any other test, Tillman
was not worthy to unlatch the shoes
of William H. Wallace. (Loud ap
plause). He had held up to 6corn
and contempt the judiciary of South
Carolina lo the legislature. Then,
when the legislature did not do to
suit him, he also held them up to the
contempt of the people. He desig?
nated them as driftwood because they
had the manhood to do what they had
thought was right. Ile is attempt
in to coerce the two most important
branches of the government and be
dictator of South Carolina.
"What had been his financial man?
agement ?" Colonel Orr asked Be?
fore he was elected governor, South
Carolina bonds were selling at 102 1-2
Now they are selling at 96. Instead
of funding the State debt at 4 1-2 per
cent., it will probably not be done for
less than 5 or 6. That will take
money out of the pockets of the peo?
lie had started a war of law suits
and litigation from which the State
may not be freed in years Ile had
gone ahead in a bull-headed way
and brought on law suits which
will cost the State thousands of
dollars* Between ?200,000 and
?300,000 is due from the rail
roads. The Coosaw fight had lost
to the State $120,000 per annum.
Colonel Orr explained the proposition
of the Coosaw company to continue
work until the case was decided.
The offer had been refused, and the
royalty from the company lost to the
State. He put it to his heaters as a
plain business matter. If two of
them had a farm in diRpute would one
run ali the tenants off and let the
land lie idle for years ? Would he
not rather, by agreement, keep the
property in use, allowing the returns
to accumulate for the benefit of
whichever side won.
Tillman said in his inaugural ad?
dress that he was in favor of a rigid
railroad law. He said he wanted a
commission to be elected by the peo?
ple or the iegi>lature. The legisla?
ture passed a stringent law, which
would have controlled and regulated
the charges of the railroads. It
didn't become a law because Till?
man vetoed it on the pretext that
it did not give the people the right
to elect tba commission, and gove the
railroads the right to appeal. The
next session the house passed another
stringent law. It went to the senate
and would have been passed but for
au amendment which Tillman had
put in. The governor said, when a
candidate, that any man who took
a free pass was being bribed. It was
not three months after he was elect?
ed until he had one and an express
frank. Did that account for his
vetoing the railroad bill 'i Was he
Colonel Orr asked what reform of
the Farmers' movement had Tillman
helped iu. The movement had not
been worth a row of pins until the
Farmers'^Alliance had taken hold of
it. Tillman could never have made
the movement prominent but for the
Alliance. Then, after he was elected,
he sold out tho Alliance. Donaldson
and Stokes were candidates for the
senate. Tillman slaughtered both
and put in Ii by, who had not the
interests or purposes of the Alliance
at beult Colonel Orr named several
positions where Tillman had defeatet
Alliance candidates and support?e
men opposed to the Alliance. Tlx
speaker said he did not understanc
why the Alliance would stand by i
man who had turned his back 01
the order, lie concluded by sumrnar
izing what Tillman has done anc
has not done. The speech was pane
tnated willi frequent applause anc
won for Colonel Orr congratulations
from every dide.
Jerry Simpson Outlines Peo?
ple's Party Policy.
New York Herald.
'.Whom shall yoa nominate for the
Presidency ?" I asked Jerry Simpson,
of Kansas, to-day.
The Alliance leader smiled. "Thal
?H rather a difficult question. Genera!
Weaver, of Iowa, may have the nomi?
nation if he wants it. He posesses
many elements of popular strength.
He was, as you remember, a good rough
and tumble parliamentary fighter when
he was a member of the House. He is
also an effective stumper and io other
respects a robust exponent of the princi?
ples the Farmers' Alliance advocates.
He was, as you may also remember,
the Presidential candidate on the green?
back ticket in 1880, when Garfield was
"I don't think," Mr. Simpson con?
tinued, "that General Weaver cares
for the nomination or that he will ac?
cept it. If be declines I should be
glad to see Ignatius Donnelly, of Min?
nesota, nominated. Donnelly has a
strong and engaging personality. He
is a man of great intellectual force, and
our people have confidence in him. I
have no hesitancy in saying that he is
my personal choice.
"When will the Farmers' Alliance
"In Omaha, on July 4. By that
time both republican and democratic
parties will have had their conventions
and promulgated their declaration of
principles. This will make it the more
easy for us to act."
"Do you expect to carry anj* States
this autumn 7"
EXPECT TO CARRY EIGHT ST AT KS.
t "We do indeed," said Mr. Simpson
earnestly. "We expect to secure the
electoral vote of four Northern and four
Southern States. There is a probabil?
ity of our carrying five Northern States.
Do I mind telling you what they are?
Not at all. Tbev are Kansas, Nebras?
ka, Minnesota, North and South Dako?
ta. The Southern States are Georgia,
Alabama, Arkansas and North Carolina.
We feel certain of carrying all of these
with the exception of North Dakota "
"That will not enable you to elect
your President," I said. * On the con?
trary you simply make certain the elec?
tion of a democratic President by throw?
ing the election into the Houpe.''
"That is all right," said Mr. Simp?
son calmly. "It is not the Presidency
we are after. Our underlying purpose
is either to obtaiu control of the House
and the Senate or else to hold the bal?
ance of power in both bodies. We
would, of course, elect our President
if we could. At present we don't antic?
ipate that. But a Presidential ticket
carries with it a certain prestige. A
full ticket, with Presidential electors
and everybody else on it down to the
h'jmb'e=t candidate, will give us a great
many votes we could not otherwise get.
That is our principal purpose in putting
a Presidential ticket in the field-that
and a desire to continue our national
"What we want," Mr. Simpson went
OD, "is the control of the legislative
branch of the government. We never
can accomplish our purposes in any
other way. With a bright, clever man
like Ignatius Donnelly leading our tick?
et, ours would* be a campaign of educa?
tion, and we must educate the people
so that they will see that we are right
and that both of the old parties are
"Is it your purpose," I ?aid, "to
make combinations with the two old par
ties in certain of the Northern and
Southern States ? In other words, it
has been suggested that in States where
the republicans are in the majority you
should combine with the democrats,
ano in the States where the democrats
are in the majority you should combine
wit";i the republicans,"
"No," said Mr. Simpson, reflectively
"I don't think there is anything in
thai:. We prefer to make our fight
independently of the two old parties."
"Shall you extend your campaign
east of the Alleghany mountains-into
the Middle and New England States?"
"No," laughingly replied Mr. Simp?
son. "It would be useless. Those States
are beyond redemption. The west and
Southern is our country. In addition
to the States I bave said we shall oarry,
we also expect to elect Representatives
in Congress and State Assemblymen in
such other granger communities as
Illinois and Iowa and Missouri "
"Don't you believe when the real
test comes," I said, "that the white
Alliance men in the South will vote
the democratic ticket? Won't they be
afraid if your people get into power
that you may combine with the blacks
and thus give the latter a political
prominence they don't now enjoy?
Didn't Livingston, of Georgia, who is
one of your Alliance apostles, recently
enunciate the principle that be wag a
democrat first and an Alliance man after?
ward, and don't you think he voices
the sentiment of the white Southern
democrats genet aliy?"
"No I don't," was the dogged reply.
"I know that Livingston said that, and
he has lost caste by it. It. has hurt him
with our people everywhere It has
hurt him in bi* own home. We have
in the South a membership of oue mil?
lion colored people. They have their '
own lodges and work independently,
although on the same liues that we do.
We believe that we can divide the col
ored vote there
"As I say we have a million colored
people in our organization now. As
this number increases both thc old par?
ties vrill make a frantic endeavor to get
the r>-8t of them The republicans will
hold what they have and the democrats
: will reach out for all they can get. We
\ wiil thus divide the colored vote And
\ this being done tho negro question as a
'question^ will dteappc-r. Thc tic^ro
will then bc a factor and notan issue io
future campaigns and tve will then hear
the last of the necessity of a distinctive?
ly white man's party in the South. We
will at least have accomplished this
much good and I hope the monopolistic
press of the East will appreciate it."
mm I i mmm*
To the editor of the State ; Your dis?
patch to me asking certain questions
was not received, and the first infor?
mation I had of its being sent, was the
statement io your issue of yesterday.
Replying : When I signed the call I
saw nothing in it to prevent participa?
tion in the convention oy the Straight
outs or any ..other Democrats who de?
sired the unanimity and harmony of the
party, and believed these to be imper?
illed by the present administration of
the State Government Without the
co-operation of those Demosrats who
voted the Haskell ticket in the last
election, in my judgment failure wil!
necessarily attend the movement which
the call invites.
The mles adopted by the State com?
mittee appear to me unconstitutional,
and I am willing to co-operate with
those who desire them repealed.
Personally, however, I care nothing
for the oath exacted to abide the result
of the primary. It is only what every
honorable man who participates ia the
primary would do without the oath.
It goes without saying that the
convention will, as a Democratic body,
have power to determine its course for
itself. The only limitation is that its
action shall be within the lines of the
party. If it goes beyond these limits to
serve its end, I cannot go with it.
Barnwell, S C., March 8.
An Enormous Cotton Sur?
WASHINGTON, March 18. The report
of the statistician of the department of
agriculture issued to-day shows that
the world's production of cotton exceed?
ed consumption more than a million
and a half bales io 1890, and further
greatly enlarges the excess io 1891,
glutting the markets, increasing the
visible stocks during the past year more
than 1,100,000 bales, aod reducing
the Liverpool price of middling upland
6 1-16 pence io January, 1890, to 41
pence in January, 1892. It states
that in two years this country has pro?
duced an excess above norma! require?
ments of more than two million bales,
and indicates a heavy reduction in
breadth of area as the only possible
remedy, otherwise the agriculture of
the South will sutler worse than
Western agriculture ever has. It de
dared that the Cotton States must be
agriculturally self-sustaining ; that new
crops must be introduced as the
argicultural population has outgrown
the capacity of cotton to support it.
Our State Bonds.
State Treasurer Bates has just re?
turned from New York, where he went
to see about refunding our ?6,000,000
of bonds. No doubt Dr. Bates could a
tale unfold that would startle those who
think we have a model State govern?
ment. If we have cot been misinform?
ed, the State Treasurer was told by
capitalists in New York that they could
not think of i a vesting money in bonds
of a State that is waging so relentless a
war on capital.
We are entirely convinced that on
less there is a decided change of policy
-a disposition to treat corporations and
individuals, rich and poor, with equal
fairness, the bonds cannot be refunded
at 4 per cent.
The people should remember that a
difference of 1 per cent OD the interest
amounts to ?60,000 a year. It is,
therefore, the interest of the taxpayers
to have the refunding made at as low a
rate as possible -Newberry Observer.
Short Weight in Phosphates.
The Columbia correspondent of the
News and Courier under date of March
19 i h says :
Governor Tillman received the fol?
lowing letter yesterday:
To his Excellency, B. R. Tillman,
Governor-Dear Sir : I would respect?
fully call your attention to the fact that
the farmers are being swindled by the
-fertilizer company of Charleston,
S. C. Having heard complaint from
my neighbors that their guano is short
from twenty to twenty-five pounds per
sack, I called on several reliable par?
ties and we selected from a pile contain?
ing seven and a half tons of fertilizers
five sacks, taking them as they came,
rejecting such as were not in perfect
order, and found that the five sacks lost
ninety nine pounds. In the name of
God is there no way to protect the pub?
lic from such fraud V
E FRANK MCCCTCIIEN.
Manville, S. C., March 17, 1892
Mr. McCutehsn has been written to
for evidence in the case. When it is
furnished it will be farwarded to the
solicitor of the circuit for prosecution
of the case. For short weight-the law
provides a fine of -not more than $1,000
or imprisonment not louger than one
year, or beth*
Governor Tillman said that if persons
finding shortages in the weights of gu?
ano will report the same to the trustees
of Clemson College, with the evidence,
the Attorney Geueral will prosecute
Treatment for Persistent Dan?
Thc following treatment is reported
by a physician, to have given good
results in persistent dandruff. The
scalp should first be thoroughly washed
tfith soap and bot water and then thor?
oughly dried with a warm and soft
cloth. There should theo be rubbed
into the scalp a glycerin of tannin, of
the strength of ten to thirty grains to
thc ounce. Very obstinate cases will
require the higher strength of tannin.
This process should be repeated twice a
week at first, once a week afterward.
If tannin fails, as it will in some cases,
i hen resort is had to resorcin. After
the formation of dandruff has ceased the
head should be rubbed daily with olive
oil, containing to the ounce ten grains
of carbolic acid and a dram of oil of
To the people of Soutb Cardina ;
As a res ?lt of i be call from the Co
lumbla board of trade for a world's
fair convention, the work of securing
an exhibit for Sooth Carori?? at tin?
World's Columbian exposition bas
been inaugurated. The State board
of managers elected by the conven?
tion have systematically mapped out
the State Wot fe, dividing it into aub,
county and township committees.
They are sanguine of the success of
the undertaking, but appreciate its
magnitude and the difficulties which
they will have to encounter, and fee!
their inability to carry forward the
work without the hearty support of
the citizens of the State at large.
By a combination of forces greafs inr
dertakings assume minimum propor?
tions, and difficulties that seem insur?
mountable when approached with a
determination to overcome them dis?
appear with miraculous rapidity
Feeling that every citizen of Sont ti
Carolina should take a pride in the
State's exhibit we appeal to yon to
aid us in this work Do not think
that you can be of no service, and
therefore fail to do your part, but, be
it great or small, do what you eau to
swell the grand aggregate to such
colossal proportions that ali may be
proud of the display.
Money is the main thing needed to
insure success, and if every one who
can will give only ?1 we will have
no lack. But ii you do not feel that
you can contribute money you may
have some rare picture, some mechan?
ical device, some piece of your own
handiwork, some relic of colonial
times, some rare specimen of mineral,
or some specimen of the taxidermist's
art, all of which will be received
with thanks by the committee, and
will be properly listed .ind returned
to you when the exposition is over.
You can also aid by your words of
cheer and encouragement. If you
can not praise the efforts of those
who are working with purely disin?
terested motives, do not cripple their
efforts and dampen their ardor by ad?
verse criticisms and attempt to throw
cold water upon the undertaking by
saying it can not be done lt can be
done if every one would do all in
their power to aid in the work. Oth?
er States are doing the same thing,
and shall we sit contentedly down
and see South Carolina, who in days
past has been a leader, relegated to
tire rear because her sons and daugh?
ters failed to bestir themselves ?
Shall she.be made a reproach aud
a by word amongst her fair sisters,
the original thirteen ? We trow not.
Uer actions in the past are a guaran?
tee that she will not be left behind in
the matter of the world's Columbian
The St3te board is doing all in its
power for the success of the undertak?
ing, and we appeal for aid to your
pockets, your pride and your ingenu?
ity. Help us and thereby help your?
By order of the State board of man?
agers. FRED A. SALE
If a primary election is so essential to
a fair expression of opinion for the
Democrats of oar State, why did the
same gentlemen who are so ardently
endorsing the plan now oppose it in 1888
and the early part of the campaign of
Please tell us why the gentlemen who
were so ardent for it iu 1888 are now
so bitterly opposed to it. It is very
queer. Most of those who are now
advocating a primary have been there
all the time.-Herald and News.
Made Blind by the Gnp.
Two ca? es of sudden blindness re?
sulting from grip have occurred in
Vicksburg, Miss , recently, the suf?
ferers being two well known persons.
One lady has consulted the most emi?
nent oculists in New Orleans, who
unite in declaring her case hopeless
and admitted that they were ignorant
of the causes that occasioned the loss
of eight. The other is that of a boy,
son of a well known merchant, who
was attacked by the disease and lost
his sight in a few hours. An opera?
tion promptly performed has practi?
cally relieved him, though as yet he
can only distinguish light from dark?
ness. Iiis physicians have hope of
his recovery. His case begun with a
severe chill, culminating in muscular
rheumatism. The lidy's symptoms
were similar, except that her limbs
became gradually swollen and there
was no rheumatism. In neither case
are the eyes outwardly affected.
Several similar cases are reported
among negroes but aie not well au?
Wm. TiinoBOiis, ?t>stma.Mer nt Id* ville. Ind.,
write?: "Electric Bitters has dune more fur me
than ail other medicine* combined, for that
bad feeling aii>ing from Kidney and Liver
trouble." John Leslie, farmer and stockman,
of same place, hays : "Find Electric Bitters io
be the best kidney and liver medicine, made me
feel like a new man." J. W. Ga ni uer, hard?
ware merchant, same town, says: Electric Bit?
ters is ju-t the thing tor a man who is all run
down and don't care whether he lives or die?;
he found new strength, good appetite and felt
just like he had a new lease on life. Only 50c
a bottle, at J. P. W. DeLorme's Drug Store. 2
It is a fixed and immutable law that to
have good, sound health one must have pure,
rich aud abundant blood. There ii no
shorter nor surer route than hy a course of
De Witt's Sarsaparilla. J. S. Hugbson A Co.
Shiloh's Consumption Cure.
This is beyond question the most successful
Cough Medicine we havee^er sold, a few doses
invariably cure the worst cases of cough?,
Croup and Bronchitis, while its wonderful
success ia the cure of Consumption is with?
out a parallel in the history of medicine.
Since its first discovery it has been sold on a
guarantee, a test which no other medicine can
stand. If you bave a cough we enrnestly ask
you to try it. Price 10c , 50c. and $1. If
yonr longs are sore, chest, or buck lame, ose
Shiloh's Porous Plaster. Sold by Dr A. J.
China. Sumter S. C. 0 1
- -1- ..?-.- -
Buck le?'8 Amica Salve.
The Best Salve in the world for Cuts, Bruises
Sores. Ulcers, Salt Rhena?. Fever Sores, Tcr.terr
Chapped Hands Chilblains, Corns and all
Skin Eruptions, and positively core* Piles, or
no pay required. It is gnantuteed to give per*
I feet satisfaction, or money refunded. Prie?
25cents per box. Fur sale by J. F. W. De
, Lorine. ?