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MK S17MTSS WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850.
"Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's "
THE TK?2C SOUTHRON, Kata blahed June, 13?$
Consolidated Aug. 2, ISSI.]
SUMTER, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 30, 1892.
Sew Series-Yoi. Xl. So. 35.
-'JmjL~lmrK-m--imr-jTM^nfiun ?? .HIL fii|| miall Ililli -Big
|t S?aftjpiiait ??? Souita
Published ?Tery Wednesday,
tf. Gr. OSTEEN,
Two dollars per annum-in advance.
Qa* Sa jare,Jrstja?ertion...^..;.......^-$l 00
Conti AC ts %r*TOree months, or letaler will
be bads at reduced rates.
All communications which sut .arve private
o teresf [ will be charged for as advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of respect will be
? The Public.
I AM STILL SELLINS
First Class Goods
AT LIVING PRICES.
It tsikes? tw}much room to
eSome^ate" ail the - bargains
I ?iave to offer, but I must
caJJ your attention to our
MOSHE CHAMBER SITS
Beth in Chios and tin.
BIS DRIVES IN GLASSWARE1
> - I ?inc ?tn
. That are solid and will wear.
HAVE YOU TRIED MY
Coffee at 20c. pr. lb
If noVyon ate missing a genuine bar?
gain. lt has long teen a household
irord that yon get nothing but
good goods, and foH value at
/ I cover; everything in Insu?
rance^,- if it is your life, I
give you a policy in the
Mal II- IisMice Gqnj,
OF NEW YORK,
The oldest, riebest and mo4 liberal j
Company in the U- S
If OD your Gin Boase. Dwelling.
Store?, Barns, Furniture or Produce
in thefelk>w4?g eotpaeico, any ai* which
are strong and reliable :
TEE NORWICH UNION,
THE I QUEEN, of England.
ri^f, I of England.
* hi l>i} * ?f New York.
of New York.
THE NORTH AMERICAN,
of Newark, N. J.
MEGHAN?CS fe TRADERS,
y" Of New Orleans.
My ?oaapani?s are as good and my rates j
i&Jgg* a5 any one.
J. M. SPANN,
Snmter, S, C.
Fire ai Ac silt Insurance Aient.
German American of New York.
Hataburg Bremen of Hamburg, Germany.
Orii?nt of Hartford, Coon.
Libsrty of New York.
A: I.in ta Home of Atlanta, Ga.
Heb la of St. Paul, Minnesota.
Commercial of Montgomery, Ala.
American Accident of Louisville, Ky.
.*u.?er J5e Vi i textil l>?t;a%?.
EKSBOS'S K?^U>?^C?. Mar?jue? te, Mien., i
0 Xov. 7. it>&). f
Th? Bev. J. Kussbiel, of ?.bove ?daco. writes :
X navo suffered a grea? deal, and whenever I foe!
sow a. servons attack. corning on I take a dose
. of 1'astor Koenig's >erve Tonic and feel re
He vee.. 1 think a great deal vf it. and would
rathe; t>e without bread than without me Tonic
WALTEKS, TEX., Oct. ll, 1890.
Abcut 1*2 .years ?*go my son Lad the first at
teek of epileptic dlzzineo8 anl sudden illness
Five iifferent doctor3 did bim :.o good ; on the
contrary, bis r*se grew worse, and the attacks
ty. came moro frequent and severo until he even
hr-e 4 to & attacks daily. After taking 3 bottles
of Partor Koenig's Nerve Tonic the attacks
et bin ly ceased. H3NBY F. MUt.M.RJi.
?~A Valuable Book ?a Servons |
IWseasos sent free to any address, '
and -*oor patients can a No obtain j
jpjBcfcaO freq oT charge.
Thi?: rer . *?a? beenprepared by the Reverend
Pastor Koexh?, of Fort wayne. Ind, SILOS 1S76, and ?
lBnov ? prepared ander bis direction by tne
KOENIG MED.CO., Chicago, HS.
SoM by Druggists at 81 per Bottle. 6 for S?
IdOSeSize.Sl.75. 6 Bottles for S9.
NEW LUMBER YARD.
IBB<? TO INFORM MY FRIENDS' AND
the public generally that my Saw Mill
located on tee C. 3. & N. B. R., just back of
"?7 wpdence, is noi*in foll operation, anid I
*mf*par?Hb furnish aH gr*des-of Yellow
Pine Lamber from trabied timber, at prices
according to grades.
Yard accessible oa North side of residence.
MU, J. B, ROACH. I
Given to Compounding Prescriptions
AU kinds of
MACHINE WORK REPAIRS
can be had. in Sumflsr, at abort notice, and in
the rery best class of work, at the shop re?
cently opened by the undersigned on Liberty
Street, near the C. S. & N. Depot.
Boilers Patched, and. Mill and Gin
Work a Specialty.
Prompt attention given to work in the
country, and first class workmen sent to at
tend to same.
. Call at the shop or address through Sumter
Ang 13 ~ EDGAR SKINNER.
L D. JOHNSTON*
SUMTER, S. C.,
Practical Carpenter^ Contractor
"* AND BUILDER,
IFOULD RESPECTFULLY inform the
Y Y citizens of Sumter and surrounding
"couutry that he isiprepared to furnish plans,
and estimates on brick and wooden buildings
All work entrusted to him will be done
SUMTER, S. C.
Gold and Silver Watches,
Clocks, Jewelry, Spectacles,
MERIDEN BRITANIA SILVERWARE, &c
REPAIRING A SPECIALTY.
rpHAT TRACT OF LAND near Sumter
f C. H., in Sumter County, S. C., contain?
ing 200 ACRES, more cr less, and bounded
as follows; North, by public road from City
of Snmter to Cane Savannah ; East, by lands
of Jno. T. Baker: South, by run of Cane
Savannah ; West, by lands of Jno F. Gamble
and of Mile- H. Plowden ; same being arable
land and new undercultiration.
For terms apply to.
Dec 9.-x Charleston, S. C.
Published Weekly at One Dollar
VOL. III. (WHOLE NUMSSR 70.)
Weekly Resume of Politics:
SPECIAL AND COMPLETE REPORTS
OF ALL THE
State -:- Legislatures.
Abstracts of Proceedings io Congress-British
Parliament-French Chamber of Deputies
The only guide to sound politics in the United
Subscribe at once. Trial, 10 cts. a month.
Address: TO-DAY, 5 Somerset St.,
MONEY TO LEND
ON IMPROVED FARMING LANDS at
8 per cent, interest and a Commission*
LEE & MOISE.
Sept. 16 x.
If so, send your name and address for a Freo
Sample of the A2EESICA2T BES JQTTBBAX?
Weekly-?2 pages-One Dollar a year.
Strauss & Weinberg
SUMTER, S. C
and Whiskey Habita
cured at home with
01? ? pain. l?ook of pa>
ticciars sent FR ILE.
?$. M .WOO L?ETJLDb
4tlante?Ga. Office myz Whitehall St
! FRIEND" !
? Wi-^^V^ Mothers ?
i Mes ?hlld Birth las?* ?
% Sh?rte-ns Labor, J
. Lessens Fain, \
? Endorsed by the Leading Physicians. J
. Bookt0i*Xothers"in*t(ledjFIijEE. J
9 BRADFIELD RECULATOR CO. .
9 ATLANTA, GA. 9
. SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS. 2
Are You Interested?
Are yon suffering with any of the following
symptoms : Loss of, or irregular appetite,
loss of flesh, a feeling of fulness or waight in
the stomach, acidity, flatulence, a dull pain
with a sensation of heaviness in the head,
giddiness, constipation, derangement of kid?
neys, .cart trouble, nervousness, sleepless?
ness, etc. Dr. Holt's Dyspeptic Elixir will
W. A. Wright, the Comptroller General of
Georgia, says, th rte bottles cured bira after
having tried almost everything else.
Judge R F, IzUr, Macon, Ga., says, Holt's
Elixir accomplished what all other remedies
failed to do, a perfect cure.
J. E. Paullin, Ft. Gaines, Ga., writes: "I
have no hesitancy in recommending it, as it
cored me of dyspepsia.
For any further information inquire of
your druggist. For sale by all druggists.
For Infants and Children.
Castoria, promotes Digestion, and
overcomes Flatulency, Constipation, Sour
Stomach, Diarrhoea, and Feverishness.
Thus the child is rendered healthy and its
sleep natural. Castoria. contains no
Morphine or other narcotic property.
"Castoria is so well adapted to children that
I recommend it as superior to any prescription
known to me." H. A. ARCHER, M. D.,
Ill South Orford St., Brooklyn, N. T.
*'I ase Castoria in my practice, and find it
specially adapted to affections of children."
- ALEX. ROBERTSON, 31. D"
1057 ad Ave., New York.
"From personal knowledge and observation
I can say that Castoria is an excellent medicine
for children, acting as, a laxative and relieving
the pent up bowels and general system very
much. Many mothers have told me of its ex?
cellent effect upon their children."
DR. G. C. OSGOOD,
THE CEXTAUX COMPANY, 77 Murray Street, N. Y.
THE SIMONDS KATION AL BASK,
STATE, CITY AND COUNTY DEPOSI?
TORY, SUMTER, S. C.
Paid up Capital.$75,000 00
Surplus Fund. 10,500 00'
Transacts a General Banking Business.
Careful attention given to collections.
Deposits of Si and upwards received. In?
terest allowed at the rate of 4 per cent, per
annum. Payable quarterly, on first days ol
January, April, July and October.
R. M. WALLACE,
L. S. CARSON,
Aug. 7 Cashier.
m ? in,
SUMTER, S C.
CITY AND COUNTY DEPOSITORY.
Transacts a general Banking ousines3.
? Savings Bank Department.
Deposits of ?1.00 and upwards received
Interest calculated at the rate of 4 per cent,
per annum, payable quarterly.
W. F. B. HAYNSWORTH,
A. WHITE, JR., President.
BS. E. ALVA SOLOMONS,
OVER BROWNS & PURDY'S STORE.
Eu trance on .Main Street,
Between Browns & Purdy and Durant & Son
9 to 1.30 ; 2 to 5 o'clock.
Sumter, S. C , April 29.
G. W. BICK, D. D. S.
Office over Bogin's New Store,
SNTKANCK ON MAIN STRKiST
SUMTER, S. C.
Office Hours.-9 to 1;30 ; 2:30 to 5.
Dr. T. W. BQ0KH?RT,
Office over Bu!tmnn & Bro.'s Shoe Siore.
ENTRANCE ON MAIN STREET.
SUMTER, S. C.
Office Hours-9 to 1:30 ; 2:30 to 5.
o o?ooooo o ?
T?O easiest 3*21 ?a feo 'Worfdf ^
Why do ?rou ra??er
?from Dyspepsia Kiid Si;:k-I??tdac!'.o, g\
rendering lifo mi-embie, vrheu tlif? ^
^ resiedy is at your hand ? -.
? J, SJ J. JL Ri @
?wi?? specd??y mmovo a'? l?iJ* trouble, ?jv
enableyoutocataud digest your food, ?fr
prevent headache and impart an
?enjoyment cf lifo to which yon havo?
been a stranger. DORO snialL Price, ^
25 cent ;. Cr-iee, S'J Park Flaco, N. 5T.
e ? ? ? ? ? ? ? @ ?
Why Rem Land When You Can Buy
a Hoxu-j ou Easy Terms?
A TRACT OF GOOD FA RM INO AND ,
Timber land, containing 900 ?cres 7.*ith j
good dwelling and outbuildings, wvll located j
half mile fro::? Raid's station on thc .\laneh?s- I
ter and Augusta ii. ll., 9 finie? from .Suaiicr !
Will sell as a whoie or io lots to suit'pur?
Terms-One-third cash, b.tlance ea.^, pay- !
ments and low interest. See or address
W. O. CAIN, j
Ramsey, P. O., S. C.
E. W. Dabbs, Agt
Ramsey P. O., S. C.
To Wind up the Oil Trust
The special meeting of certificate
holders of the Standard Oil Trust,
which was called for the purpose of
dissolving the Trust, as announced in
the Herald two weeks ago, was held
yesterday and the final dissolution of
the Trust was resolved upon unani?
mously, according to programme.
As heretofore explained, the wip?
ing out of the Trust was made neces?
sary by the decision of the Supreme
Court of Ohio declaring against the
legality of the Trust in that State and
the certainty that the Trust would
sooner or later be driven out of othej
States by reason of the growing un?
popularity of such monopolistic com?
Of course, the dissolution is only a
matter of form. The Rockefellers,
the Flaglers, John D. Archbold and
the other members of the Trust will
continue to be the brains of the asso?
ciated refineries and control the busi?
ness iu tin's country as heretofore,
not as trustees of the Standard Oil
Trust, but as individual owners of
the companies, in all of which thpy
are the chief stockholders.
The meeting yesterday was held at
the office of the Standard Oil Trust
No '2Q Broadway. There were about
two hundred and fifty certificate
holders present, representing, with
the proxies held by John D. Rocke?
feller, president of the Trust, and
John D. Archbold, the secretary,
736 720 shares of stock ont of the
950,000. Mr. Rockefeller was invit?
ed to take the chair and Mr. Arch
bold to act as secretary of the meet?
S. C T. Dodd, the solicitor of the
Trust, then offered the following res?
Resolved, That the agreement
dated Januar}' 2, A. D. 1882, com?
monly known as the Standard Oil
Trust agreement, and the (supplement
thereto, dated January 4, 1882, be aud
are hereby terminated this 21st day
of March, A. D. 1892. And further
resolved. That the affairs of the
Trust shall be wound up by John D.
Rockefeller, Henry M. Flagler.
William Rockefeller, John D. Arch
bold, Benjaraiu Brewster, Henry S.
Rogers, Wesley li. Tilford and ? B.
Jennings, and the survivors and sur?
vivor of them, in the following man?
ner :-AU property held by said
Trust, except stocks of corporations,
shall be sold by said trustees at pri?
vate sale, and the proceeds thereof,
together with any money belonging
to the Trust, shall be distributed to
the owners of trust certificates accor?
ding to their respective interests.
All stocks of corporations held by
said trustees shall be distributed to
the owners of Trust certificates in
proportion io the respect? e equitable
interests of said owners in the stocks
so held in tiust, as evidenced by said
Trust certificates that is to say, each
owner of Trust certificate or certifi?
cates shall be entitled to deliver said
'certificate or certificates for cancella?
tion, and to receive in lieu thereof an
assignment of as many shares or frac?
tions of shares in each of the corpora?
tions whose stocks are held in the
said Trust, as he is entitled to by vir?
tue of said certificate or certificates ;
it being the intent and meaning of
?his resolution that the equitable in?
terest in said stocks represented by
Trust certificates may thus on de?
mand be converted into legal inter- !
ests represented by assignments and
transfers of said stocks by said trus?
tees to the parties entitled thereto,
which transfers and assignments may
be entered on the books of the
several corporations upon the demand
of the holders of said assignments,
thereby merging or converting equit
I able ownership into legal ownership
j in said stocks. All purchases, saleR,
: exchanges and cancellations of stocks,
or agreements therefor executed or
j executory, made by the trustees dur-1
ing the existence of the trust, and all
assents by said trustees as stock hold-1
ers to purchases, sales and exchanges
of corporate property, and to the for?
mation and winding up of corpora?
tions and all other acts of the said
trustees during tau existence of the
trust, are hereby ratified and con?
Resolved, That the trustees hereby
appointed to wind up the trust have
j power to act by a majority of their
I number to fill any vacancies in their
number, and to sign ai! papers by
one or more of their number a* attor?
ney or attorneys in fact, and that
they report from time to time to the
parties interested all transactions
had or done by virtue of those r?solu
j Resolved, That the power to Vote
! upon any stocks then standing in
the names of the trustees shall cease
at the end of four months from this
. .MK. DODO'S EXPLANATION.
In explanation of the resolutions
and urging their adoption Mr. Dodd
made a snort speech, in the course of
which, after describing the origin of
the Standard Trust, he said :
"Other persons, however, found
this trust plan a convenient one, and
it is alleged that it has been adopted I
for and adapted to purposes quite dir- I
feront to those which actuated the
framers of this Trust. Whether these
, allegations be true or false, it is true
that a trust is now defined lo be a
combination to suppress competition,
to reduce production antd o increase
prices Public opinion has not un?
wisely been aroused against combina?
tions for such purposes, and legisla?
tion of more or less severity, nod j
ratle r more than ?ess t eculiarity, has
been directed against them in seven- ?
teen or eighteen ?lates of the Union. \
All sncii arrangements are now mis?
called trusts, and all trusts are popu- j
lal ly supposed to partake of the same
nature. For this reason, if for no !
other, it should be seriously consid?
ered whether this Trust should not
be terminated. So lon? as it exists
misconception of its purposes will
lie told the story of the adverse
decision of the Ohio Supreme Court, !
and continued :
"Thc resolution which has be.cn
read provides that the Trust shall t
m?nate tcday ; that the trustees oh
continue to hold their office For t
purpose of winding up its affair
that all property held by the Tm
except slocks ol' corporations, si?
be sold and the proceeds divided p
rata, and that the stocks shall be di1
ded pro rata in specie. Thia c
only be done by the trustees assig
ing to each one I he legal title to t
interest now rep resented by his TIT
certificates, which transfer may
entered upon the proper corpora
books when demanded by the assi
i nee. The Trust certificates are e1
\ deuces of equitable title iii stock
the legal title t<: which is vested
the trustees. It; is proposed to co
vert this equitable title into the leg
title. Tour interests will be tl
same then as now. The various Cf
I porations will continue to do ti
same business as heretofore and yo
proportion of their earnings will n
be changed. You will understai
that 'A' will not get stocks in 01
corporation and 'B' in anothe
Each one will get his due proportic
in the stocks of all."
A GREAT PUBLIC GOOD, HE SAYS.
Alexander E. Orr seconded the re
olution in a brief speech. Il
"While the Standard Oil Compari
has very much more than met the e:
pectation of its stockholders, it hi
been to the whole community in th
country and elsewhete a great publ;
good, how great very few of us con
prehend. It has minimized the coi
of production and given to the rici
est and poorest alike a magnified
light at a bagatelle of cost. 1 afBn
that this Trust, which is now d(
dared to lack a legal construction
has been during the period of its exi?
tence a great boon to the people (
the whole United States and to th
countries of the Old World."
When the resolution was put to
vote it was found that all the stoc
represented at the meeting-736.72
shares-was veted in the affi;ma:iv(
There were no negative votes.
After the meeting Mr. Dodd, in ar
swer to my questions as to the futur
of the Trust, said that it was expect
ed il would take about four month
for the tiustees to wind up the affair
of the Trust. The only property t
be divided consists of stock in th
various companies, cash on hand am
office fixtures and such belongings
There are about thirty corporation
in the Trust, in seven different States
They are all petroleum ?efining com
panics except eight pipe lines, ;
lubricating oil works and severa
cooperages and box and can factories
These thirty corporations will be re
duced to eighteen or twenty, eithe
by keeping them out altogether o
by consolidation with larger compa
It is still a question of law to b<
determined just what companies cai
be absorbed. Among the cojnpauiei
to be abolished, so far as Mr. Dode
( could tell yesterday, were the Prat
Manufacturing Company, of Brook
lyn, whose works are near those o
the Standard Oil Refining Company
of New York, with which it is to bf
mei ged ; The Atlas Refining Com
nany, ol' Buffalo , the Acme Oil Com
pany, of Ti?usville, Pa. ; the Sone &
Fleming Company, of New York,
and the Mix Lubricating Company,,
The three pipe lines in Ohio-the
I Buckeye, the Connecting ?nd thc
Hacksburg-will be consolidated
into one, the Buckeye. Several
small trading companies in the South?
west will be merged into the Standard
Oil Company ol Kentucky.
The consolidation of these compa?
nies will be followed by an increase
in the capital of all the remaining
i companies from the present total oi
$80,000,000 to $95,000.000.
The increased stock of all the asso?
ciated companies is to be equitably
divided among the Trust certificate
holders according to the amount of
Leap Year Enforced.
PITTSBURG, M ??rab 18.-Leap year has
been inaugurated in this town by a well
to-do widow, who took a sudden likiog
to a young far?: hand, who has been
employed io :his neighborhood for
morphs, says a special from Edgerton,
Kansas, to PitsS: urg Times. Mrs Mary
Watson owns a fine farm about two
miles wes-t of tl is place, and while she
has never given the neighbors cause to
gossip, she han been recognized as a
j strong-minded woman, and one who was
perfectly capable of attending to her
own business. Her husband died about
five years ago, and left her worth in the
neighborhood of $20,0U? Her farm
has been kept ir. a hi?h state of cultiva?
tion, she managing the whole business
About- a week ago she carne to town
to market, and when here she met John
Northrup, who works on the farm of
William Johuson, about two miles be?
yond the farm of Mrs. Watson Mrs.
Watson had never seen the young mao
before, but appeared to be taken with
bisappcaiance,ai)d asked th? storekeeper
who he was, and when she learned that
he worked for her neighbor, asked to be
j made acquainted with him. The young
j man was much aurprised when she told
i him, after being with him about half an
! hour, that she wauted a husband, and if
i he was willing lo take the position she
thought they would do well together as
man and wife.
He was a little taken hack at the sud?
denness ot the offer, but as he knew her
circumstances lie concluded that lie
could not do better, and accepted with?
out any shyness. They immediately
got. the license and were made man and
! Ii L Polk, President of the National I
Farmers' Alliance,was asked in Raleigh, :
N. C., a few days ago if he was in thc !
Third party movement. He said in !
reply that, as far as he was concerned, I
hii was foot h?ose from all political
parties, having severed all party ties.
He added, however, that the Northwest I
is on fire for the Third party movement.
Ii'.* had several conferences and caucuses !
with Alliauccmeu dutiog his visit (oj
Canadian Seal Poachers will
get no Protection.
What will President Harrison do
about Lord Salisbury's reply ? Ile
has been considering it all day in
private at the White House, but so
far there has been no call to* arms.
The reply is said to be "slicker" than
The text of the reply bas not been
made public, but enough of it is
known to seemingly justify the belief
that a renewal of the modus vicendt
has rot yet been agi eec! to. The
question is still thought to be open
A Compromise, it is said, has been
offered to this extent. That England
will not interfere with American
cruisers sent to seize poaching vessels,
providing that America pays all
claims for damages arising from such
seizures if the court of aibitration finds
In this way England cleverly
evades any responsibility growing
out ot the coming seamen's sealing.
When England agreed to the modus
vivendi last year the so-called Canadian
poachers looked to her for damages
I am told these claims amount to
several millions of dollars, and that
if England wants to keep Canada in
good humor she will have to settle
Salisbury, however, it is said,
knows that a large percentage of these
alleged Canadian poaching vessels,
although flying the British flag, is
owned and fitted out by American
capital. Naturally he is somewhat
angry over being expected to pay
such claims when they resulted from
a modus vivendi which was agreed to
as an act of international comity by
WOULD ESCAPE RESPONSIBILITY.
By warning the so-called Canadian
sealers that American cruisers are
apt to seize them and that the United
States is alone responsible, England
would escape all liability this year,
no matter which country won in the
court of arbitration. In other words,
as au Englishman here put ii, "The
Lion will not rake any more seals
out of the water for the E^gle.'* The
poachers must take their own risk in
going into the sea, for under these
conditions they will get no protection
from England, and although liable to
seizure by the United States can
only expect redress from this country
in the event the arbitrators decide
It is clearly the intention of Presi
dent Harrison to keep the poachers
out of Behring Sea, peaceably if"
possible, but by force if necessary.
If England does not resist these
seizures-and it is believed that she
will pursue this do nothing policy
no trouble between tbs two countries
As far as the Navy Department is
concerned interest in the Behring Sea
matter today was confined to
speculation as to the nature of Lord
Salisbury's latest communication
Nothing whatever transpired at the
Department to-day io indicate that
this note had settled the part the
naval powers are to play in Behring
Sea this summer.
No new orders f?>r the preparation
of vessels for ?ea were issued or any
thing else beyond the ordinary routine
business performed. Secretary Tra?
cy denied himself to ali ca"lera, as he
has for some days past, but it was
said by those near to him that he
was engaged upon some piivate law
business and not Behring Sea matter
CONSULTING WITH THE PRESIDENT.
The number of law books carried to
and from his oflice indicated that his
work, whatever its nature, had a
legal phase to it At a late hour this
evening he was called from the De?
partment to the White House, and he
and the President spent an hour or
more together It was thought that
some instructions to J-hips might
fo'.h.w this interview, but nothing of
the kind transpired after his return to
the Department and nothing could be
learned as to the result of the inter?
In thc absence of any additional
instructions today the inference of
naval officials is that the preparations
for this summer's campaign will be
wholly in the direction of police duty,
as anticipated, pending the publica?
tion of Lord Salisbury's reply. At
any rate, the officials are proceeding
on tl is theory until instructions to
thc contrary come from the White
House. They luve accepted the
conclusion, which seems to be gen?
eral, that the United States will have
to do all the police duty this year and
are figuring out how the}* can manage
to get as many vessels in Behring Sea
?s were represented by both countries
hut year, it is evident that ?they do
not anticipate any interference from
tho English men-of war, from the fact ?
ih.it the lour large cruisers, Charles?
ton, Baltimore, San Franciso and
Boston are not included in thc number
th ev are talking about for this sea?
son"-N. Y Herald.
Big Forgery in a Penal Colony.
SAN FRANCISCO, March 19.-When
the steamer .">]onovyai left Sydney tv?o
out of the throe escapees frota the
Fruneh penal settlement at New
Caledonia had just beeo arrested. '
While cn the islands they perpetrated j
un i of the cleverest forgeries on record, i
B?noefoux and Brevier had completed
their tenn of incarceration and v?ere free j
witbiu the island. The third man, j
Civale, had completed his terms arni ?
was tree to pi to his native Sand ->r
elsewhere ii lie desired, lits special
criminal forte was forgery.
A letter was sr ritten te cue of th."'
French authorities asking about large
fortune that had been ?eft to Jouissant
Bonuefoux. Soon afterwards an an- j
swer, under the o(5ctai signature and
seal, waa received, si?tu g that the
fortune was a myth. The signature
and seal, however, were all the trio
wanted, ar;dj soon a letter was written ?
Petting forth that haifa million hams
had been bequeathed to Boam foux by
relatives in Algiers. Tho imitation et
tho oi:nri;:l seal was faultless sud the
wriririir -??"i si^nutuje were neriect. A
; 1 Ul' WU tur ?lvtiUJC?' ( )'?si. 0 W M>
taken into the conspirators' confidence, j
and he took the letter to France and j
there posted it. A few weeks later it
was delivered to Boonefoux in N?77 |
Caledonia, and ih-^n the criminals ..be- j
gan to operate.
On the strength of the letter Bonne
foux cashed drafts for '250,000 francs j
and the trio made their escape from j
New Caledonia. When arrested io !
Sydney, Bcnnefoux was on his way to ?
the bank accompanied by a well known j
priest, who was going to identify him.
He had a draft fer 50,000 francs in his
possession which he wanted to cash.
-- H.IT- -4B^
One Girl's Work.
A few years ago a little girl applied
to a pastor in one of our large cities for
admission into his Sunday-school. She
was ?oid that the classes were so full
there was no room for her, and that
the church was so small that no ;n<*re
classes could be organised. Much
disappointed, the little girl began tc
save pennies-her family was poor
for the purpose of enlarging the church
in order that 5:he and other children, like
her might be accommodated. She told i
no one of her ambitions purpose, how?
ever, so that wheo the pastor of this
church was called to her bedside a few
months later, to comfort her in her
severe illness, he saw nothing unusal,
only a frail child of six and a half
The little sufferer, died, and a week
later there Were foo sd in her battered
red pocket-book, which had been her
savings-hank, fif:y seven pennies, and a
scrap of paper that told, in childish
print, the story of her ambition, and the
purpose of her self-denial.
The story of that little red pocket?
book and its contents, and of the unfal?
tering faith of its little owner, got
abroad, lt touched the heart of saiut
and sinner alike. Her inspiration be
came a prophecy, and men labored and
women sang and children saved to aid
in its fulfilment. These fifty-seven
pennies became the nucleus of a fund
that in six years grew to ?250,000,
and to-day this heroine's picture, life
size, haDgs conspicuously in the ballway
of a college building at which 1400
students attend, and connected wi:h
which there are a church capable cf
seating 8000, a hospital for children
named for the Good Samaritan, and a
Sunday-school room large enough to
aceommod;,fe all the girls and boys who
have yet. asked to enter it. A fairy
story ? It reads like one. but happily
it is not one. The little girl's name
was II ?ti ie .May Wiatt, and the splendid
institutions described are located in
Philadelphia -Harper's Young People.
Some people have poor memories
The impression is attempted to be made
that the "Tiiimanites" iu 1890 clamored
and begged for a State primary. Here
is what the "platform'* cf the Mircb
Convention of 1830 said on the subject.
*'2ud. The nominations of the Demo?
cratic party are virtually elections. Be?
lieving in the Jeffeisonian doctrine that
"the people are ?he best condervaiors of
their own rights and liberties" and that
"self-government is the only fiee gov?
ernment," we demand that ail nomina?
tions for oinje in the party, other titan
State ojlccs, shall be by primary elec?
tions, conducted under the Slate law
enacted in 1888 "
They rvere against a primary then for
the same reason they ave against it
now-they think they cun more easily
win without it.-X'.'wherry Observer.
The Democratic Eev'olt.
If the spirit of Hill and Tammany
should dominate the National Conven?
tion and dictate the nomination,
although as citizens they would lament
the ascendency of bad meu, as Demo?
crats the larger part of them would
sadiy support the ticket. At present,
therefore, u\\ the significant signs show \
that the ilili-Tammany power, and no?, j
the revolt, really represents the Demo?
cratic parry. The revolt is a personal
movement, while its claim to bethe real
representative of Democracy discloses
the important, fact that in the view of
intelligent Democrats it is still an open
question whether the Democratic party is
mastered bj the worst tendencies in poil
tic"-; whether it is represented by honest
and reputable citizens or by a horde of
plunderers and corruptionists, the foes
of honest money and of honest admin?
istration -Harper's Weekly.
To Rebuild tue Citadel,
Capt. William A. Courtenay and Co!.
C. S. Gadsden, of Charleston, represent?
ing the Board of Visitors of the Citadel
Academy, and Major Henry Yoi.ng
representing the Underwriters, came to
the city thia morning to consult with
I Gov. Tillman about the Citadel in-ur
I ance. The insurance company -.?roed
I to replace the building in sixty days for
?16,000'..and these gent!-men came to
submit ti:e proposition to Gov. Tillman,
as chairman of the Board of \ isitors
It is said that the Governor demanded j
the 823,500 insurance on the main
building, but the demand was refused.
The restoration proposition WHS finally
j accepted by bira. The insurance com
I panics wiii let out the contract soon t;i
I >ome Charleston contracto; and work j
I will commence immediately thereafter, j
-Columbia Record 2?
Hov/ the C ii in ese Make Tea.
The British Medical Journal, in
commenting on the death vi a boy who
died from drinking hot tea without
m?'fc, says that the tea had been left ia
ibo oven for some time, so that it had j
b como a strong decoction ?>' tannin. !
In being drunk withoul milk the ?
tannin wa-; not brought into a rela?
tively harmless albuminous latinate !
it is on account of this method of j
making tea that it is so injurious to ;
digestion. Neither the Chinese nor j
the Japanese, who know how to make j
toa. milk with i?; but with them j
thr hot water is poured on and ol? the
leaves at table, and ii is drunk as soon
as ii becomes a pale straw color. N\>
people in the world drink so much tea
as the Japanese, yet in Japan it is
never injuiious to the digestion, as,
by tin .ir method of preparation, the !
tait it in is n- t extracted from thc
Tillman cn a State Primary;
The following is au extract frooi
Candidate Tillman's speech in Columbia
daring the campaign of 1X90 as repos?
ed by The Register :
"Two years ago. in the State Con?
ree t?o:., in asking for a primary elec?
tion, I told those gentlemen who re
fused it thst dfci?ey were merely dam?
aging the crater back-to wait for 189G
when the flood tide would set ii. ?
bave been in toe northwestern part of
i he State, io nine counties, and the
3 :o 1 gates of the freshet are open, an?
ibis little Columbia dam is not going to
" * * We have never had ?
Democratic Governor, and I can prove
it hy showing you, because you never
had voted for a Governor in your life
except after he was nominated, io No?
vember. Now the Gght is that the peo:
pie shall have the right for themselves"
-'hat each aud every man shall have ?
voice in the election of the Chief Magis?
trate and chief officers1."
Is the flood tide setting in DOW'/
Spartanburg held a pretty large anti
Tillman meetiug and Greenville had a
much larger one a few days laterv Tbs*
up-country is still asking in vain for ?
primary so "that each and every mari
shall have a voice in the election of th?
Chief 31 agistrate and chief officers."
The "dam" may stop the freshet this
time ; but woe to the politicians who
stand in its way They wili be swept
away as with a Johnstown flood sooner
The nomination of a Governor id
South Carolina is practically the elec?
tion of a Governor-and the people
want the privilege of voting fir a Gov?
ernor-directly and io reality, as they
vote for their county officer".
- ? LP- ???-*.. gt
A communistic experiment is to be",
tried ia Africa, where a number ol
German enthusiasts propose to give a
practical trial to the theories promul?
gated io Dr. Iler-zka's novel, "Free*
?and." The selected territory lie?
within England's sphere of influence ia
Africa, in the region of Mount Kenia,'
ia the equatorial highlands 'i"oe
communistic colony would be unmolested
there, and the climate and soil are s?id
to be favorable for European settlers;
SW African travellers agree in describe
iog this part of the Dark Continent as*
an earthly paradise. It is accessible
by the river Taus, which, according td
the Anglo German treaty touching EasS
Africa, is made over to England and is.
navigable by steamer for a distance of
three hundred kilometres. The promo?
ters of the colony are, it is said, already
iu possession of a strip of territory where
stores and accommodation for settler?
may be erected, but consider it impor?
tant first of all to secure the good will
of the English authorities. There are
already twenty-eight associations, with
a thousand members, disposed to throw
in their lot with this enterprise. Most
of them ate Germans. Their capital
amounts to ?10,000. Two members
are at preseut making a voyage or?
investigation, and the Society wilt
proceed in accordance with their report.
A preliminary commission of fifty will
go to the valley cf Kenia to prepare foi
The Yorkv?le Enquirer is undoubt?
edly right in asking that 4 the coaling
campaign be pitched not altogether or?
the idea of defeating or nominating
Tillman, but on the idea of establishing
beyond a peradventure the fact that
whoever receives the nomination is the
choice of a maj >rify of the Democratic*
voters of the State " The only way td
find out who is the preference of a ma?
jority i-? to let the voters express them?
selves at the primary election on the*
oO a of August, and this can be done"
without infringing ofi anybody's rights
or privileges, or violating any principle
of the party. The obstacles in the wa^
at present are the leaders of the *'dom?
inant element," and we are not without
hope that even they will become con?
vinced in a few weeks that a genera!
primary is the best thing to securer
acquiescence in the final result of the
campaign -Greenville Mountaineer.
A Compass in lavery Watch;
A few days ago I was standing by
an American gentleman, writes a*
London editor, when I expressed ?
wish to know which point was the
North. l?e at once pulled out his
watch, looked at it and pointed td
the North. I asked him whether he
had a compass attached to his watch.
"All watches,*' he replied, "are com?
passes.'' Then he explained to me
how this was. Point the hour hand
to the sun, and the South is exactly
half-way between tho hour and the
figure XII on the watch. For in?
stance, suppose it is 4 o'clock. Point
the hand indicating 4 to the sun, and
ll on the watch is exactly the South.
Suppose that it is 8 o'clock : point
the hand indicating 8 to the sun, and
tue ligure X on tho watch is due
South. ?My American friend was
quite surprised that I did not know
this. Thinking that very possibly I
was ignorant of a thing that every
one else knew, ana happening td
meet Mr Stanley, I asked Shat emi?
nent traveler whether he was aware
of ibis simple mode <>f discovering
the points of the compas?, fie said!
that he had never heard of it.-The
Oh- What a Cough
Will you heed the warning. The signal
perhaps of the sure approach of that iLofs
terril :edis?as-e GonumpUon. Ark uiurst vt?
if you cu. afford for the ?.ike of saving 50c,
to rat) tile risk - ".?i do cothtns for it. We
know from experience that Shiloh's Care will
care your cough. II never fails. This ex?
plains why more that. .. Milli n Bott Irs wete
iold the past j ear. lt relieves croup ?nd
v.. oopi: g cough at once. Mothers, ?lo n< t
be withoui it. For lame back, side er chest
use Shiloh's Poi? as ? laster Seid by Dr. A.
J. China. Sumtec S. C. 4
?; i? a fixed and numnUhte law that to
have good, sound health ot:e u;u*' have pure,
rich a;.d abundant Mood. Tildie i< no
shorter n.^r su:. :- r ;u:e than hy M course of
De Witl'?S&rsHparilla. J-S. Hug! son & Cc;
Bncklen's Arnica Ssilve.
TU- Best S.ihe in inc world for Cuts, Bruis? S
S..rcs. ulcers'. S::':t Rheum. Feter Sores, Tetter,
Chapped !'t.;n.is Chilblains, Corns j*nd ail
Ss in fcruptions. and positively cures Piies, or
tm pav required lt is guaranteed to give per*
fee: satisfWetion, or money refunded. Pric?*
25cf nts per box. For saie by J. F. W. De?