Consolidated Mis. 2, 1881.]
STJMTER, S. C, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 6, 1892.
TBE TRUE SO?THKON, Established Jone, 1 ?>
New Series?Yol. XI. No. 36.
Published ?Y?y TeTe?nosday,
N. Gr. OSTEEN,
SUM TER, S. C.
Two Dol?ais per annum?in advance.
a .) V S S i S : 3 .
One Square, first insertion.fi 00
Bvery subsequent insertion. 50
^Contracts for three months, or longer will
be made at reduced rates.
All communication-; which subserve private
Dterests will be charged for as advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of respect will be
To The Public.
I AM STILL SELLING
First Class Goods
AT LIVING PRICES.
It takes too much room to
enumerate all the bargains !
I have to offer, but 1 must j
call your attention to our
HANDSOME CHAMBER SETS \
Both in China and t?o. j
BIG DRIVES IN GLASSWARE1 ;
That are solid and wiH wear.
HAVE YOU TRIED MY
Coffee at 20c. pr. lb
Tea at 25c. pr. lb.?
If not, you are missing a genuine bar
gain. It has long been a household
word that you get nothing but
good goods, and full value at
I coyer everything in Insu
rance. If it is your life, I
give you a policy in the
OF NEW YORK,
The oldest, richest ami most liberal :
Company in the U- S
If on your Gin Bouse, jewelling.
Stores, Barns. Furniture or Produce ?
io the following compmies, acy of which
are strong and reiiabL* :
THE NORWICH UNIOX,
THE QUEEN, of England.
of England, j
of New York.
of New York. |
THE NORTH AMERICAN, j
THE GIRARD, j
of Philadelphia. !
of Newark, N. J. [
MECHANICS & TRADERS, j
Of New Orleans.
My companies are as good and my rates
as low as any one.
Siimtcr, S, C
lire ant Accinent taasce Apt
'German American of New York.
Hamourg Kr?men of Hamburg, (irrniany. ;
Orient of Kartford, Conn.
Liberty of New York.
A'iant* Horn* of A??nt*, G.i.
H>klaof St. P?tuf, Minnesota.
Commercialo'* Montgomery, Aia.
menati A ecidio t of Louisville, v.
NATURAL R?.KZ.-DT FOE,
Epileptie Fits, Fallili? Skkness, Hyster
ics, St. Titus Dance, Nervousness,
Hypochondria, Melancholia, In
efcrity. Sleeplessness, i>iz
ziuess, Brain and Spi
This medicino has direct action upon ?
the nerve centers, aliaying ail irritabili- j
tih&, and increasing tin; ?ow ::>\ power
of aerve S?i<L I' p^rft'etly ha.ria'nx3s
und leaves no unpleasant p?lcete.
VixJaaMc >^ook Nervina
L fJL L l>i??x~4r* **ist free to aayad< ress,
F Mf f ai: ? ixK?r patient* ran 2-?> o taiD
j SiLmIm this iue<ii<-iiie Cree ??f ebsurge.
Thw tHsaedvisas tit&n >*-\ r - ? ? ' ? ':?? ?? ?o?3
fistor ?'?j>?. of E u, Was 1?? ?. . -??? -t .?,'?. ilici
jSiiow jra>ey?i\?? OE<l*rhis ?: ? t m ?'? t?t
KOENSC CO - Chicago, Iii.
Latice Size. ? . . ?. *? Bottie* ?' ? * >.
NEW LUMBER YARD.
IBEG TO INFORM MV AND
the puniU: gfttMiraHi my Mil]
located on the C. S. ? . R. Fi., just back ot
my r^sideno. i? now is fti?l o:>er?tion, and I
am prepared turi;:-h alt grade? of YVHow
Pine Lom ber from ?.:.? ' timber, .? ; ices
pceordtog to era-i?-;.
Vird accessit:-North <??;? of r< ? dence. >
J. B. UOACli.
Given to Oompoanliag Prescriptions
All kinds of
MACHINE WORK REPAIRS
can be had in Sumter, at short notice, and in
the very best cIhss of work, at the shop re
cently opened by the undersigned on Liberty
Street, near the C. S. & N. Depot.
Boilers Patched, and Mill* and Gin
Work a Specialty.
Prompt attention given to work in the
country, and first class workmen sent to at
tend to SHtne.
ChII at the shop or address through Sumter
Aug 13 EDGAR SKINNER.
L. Q. JOHNSTON,
sumter, s. a,
Practical Carpenter, Contractor
tt70uld RESPECTFULLY inform the
W citizens of Sumter nnd surrounding
couutry that he is prepared to famish plans,
and estimates on brick and wooden buildings
All work entrusted to hita will be done
Aug 19 _ _o_
SUMTER, S. C.
Gold and Silver Watches,
Clock3, Jewelry, Spccts-clas,
MERI DEN BRITAN?A SILVERWARE, &c.
repairing a specialty.
A TRACT OF LAND near Sumter
_J C. ., i'1 Sumrer County, S.C, contain
ing 200 A<\UES. a.'.Tc- or less, und t-outidt-d
a$follows: North, b; public road from City
of Snm*er t? Cane Savjt?nab ; East, by lands
of JiiO. T. Hiker; South, by run of Cane
Savannah : West, by lands or Juo. F. Gamble
and of Milo* H. Plowden : same being arable
land and now under cultivation".
For ttrrriiS anni v to.
Dec 9 ? Charleston, s. C.
Published Weekly at One Dollar
VOL. III. (Whole Number 70.)
Weekly Resume of politics: Legislative,
g-SPECIAL AND COMPLETE REPORTS
OF ALL THK
State -:- Legislatures,
Abstracts of Proceedings in Congress?British
Parliament? PV neh Chamber of Deputies?
Get m<m Ii riehst >g.
The only ?uide to sound politics in the Trailed
Subscribe at one*. Trial. 10 cts. a mon'h.
Address: To-Day, 5 Somerset St.,
FELL ASSORTMENT OF
FINE CIGARS A SPECIALTY.
J. S. HUGHSON & CO.,
Monaghao Block. MAIN STREET,
SUMTER, s <;.
Strauss k Weinberg, I
Main St. SUMTER, S. C |
Ea ? Sr ? E r S?f??,i? **?"? *>???'*-? ? ?
8?S|tictiiarssent Fits .
? M VV'0?LLEY.M:D.
' ?t :aui;? ?lSicc i?ij Wb: -.-.bail HL
CHILD BIRTH ? ? ?
' ' MADE EASY!
" Mothers' Fr?esd " is a scientific
ally prepared Liniment, every ingre
dient of recognized value and in
constant use by the medical pro
fession. These ingrevlients are com
bined in a manner hitherto unknown
WILL DO all that is claimed for
i\ AND MORE. It Shortens Labor,
Lessens P2in, Diminishes Danger to
Life of Mother and Child. Book
to " Mothers " mailed FREE, con
taining valuable information and
"^ntb express on receipt of pri?e $1.50 per hottle
BRADFIELD REGULATOS CO., Atlanta. Ga.
SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS.
ire You Interested?
Are you suffering with any of the following
ymptoms: Loss of, or irregular appetite,
>ss of flesh, a feeling of fulness or weight in
he stomach, acidity, flatulence, a dull pain
rith a sensation of heaviness in the head,
iddiness, constipation, derangement of kid
eys, heart trouble, nervousness, aleepless
ess, etc. Dr. Holt'e Dyspeptic Elixir will
W* A. Wright, the Coraptrwller General of
leorgia. savs, three bottles cured him after
aving tried almost ever} thing else.
Judge R. F, Izlar, Macon, Ga.. says, Holt's
llixir accomplished what all other remedies
iiled to do, a perfect cure.
J. E. Paniiin, Ft Gaines, Gft.f writes: "I
ave no hesitancy in recommending it, as it
ured me of dyspepsia.
For any further information inquire of
our druggist. For sale by all druggists.
For Infants and Children.
Castoiia promotes Digestion, and
overcomes Flatulency, Constipation, Sour
Stomach, Diarrhom, and Feverishness.
Thus the child is rendered healthy and its
sleep naturai Castoria contains no
Morphine or other narcotic property.
u Castoria is so well adapted to children that
L recommend it as superior to any prescription
toownto me.-" II. A. Archer, M. D.,
Ill South Oxford St., Brooklyn, . Y.
*'I use Castoria in my practice, and find it
specially adapted to affections of children/1
Alex. Robertson. IS.. D..
1057 2d Ave., New York.
"From personal knowledge and observation
can sav that Castoria is an excellent medicine
for children, acting as a laxative and relieving
the pert up bowels and general erstem very
,i!?ch. Many mothers have r-'ld me of its ex
cellent effoe: upon their children."
Du. G. Ci OsGOor?,
Cestaub Compakt, 77 Murray Street, ". Y.
BE SMOSDS NATIONAL BANK,
TATE, CITY AND COUNTY DEPOSI
TORY, SUMTER, S. C.
aid up Gavoni.$75.000 00
urplus Fi!n?.10,500 00
Transacts a General Banking Business.
Careful attention given to collections.
Deposits ot Si and upwards received. In
?rest allowed at the rate of 4 per cent, per
num. Payable quarterly, on first days of
anuary, April. Juiv and October.
" R. M. WALLACE,
L. S. Carson,
iUg. 7 Cashier.
m ? sunt,
SUMTER, S C.
CITY AND COUNTY DEPOSITORY.
Transacts a general Banking ousiness.
? Savings Bank Department,
Deposits of Si.00 and upwards received,
terest calculated at the rate of 4 per ceut.
er annum, payai.le quarterly.
W. F. B. HAYNSWORTH,
A. Whitr, Ja , President.
DR. E. ALVA SOLO! ~
VER BROWNS ? PURDY'S STORE.
En tracce un Main ?Street,
?etween Browns ? Purdy and Darant & Sou.
9 to 1.30 ; 2 Jo 5 o'clock.
Sumter, S. C , April ???.
G. W. DICK, D. D. S,
Office over Bogin s New Store,
KNTKANCK ON MAIN STREET
SUMTER, S. C.
Office Hours.?9 to U30 ; 2:30 to 5.
3r. T. W. BOOKHART,
DENTA la SUKGEON
OlhY" over B'jltiuan & Bro.'sShoe Store.
ENTRANCE ON MAIN STREET.
SUMTER, S. C.
OftT.e Hours?9 to 1:30 ; 2:30 to 5.
l>ri! IT? o
a ?L ?. &3
? i E li If cslvM a
as an ant ].l>ilio:is und antl-malarlal
?remedy arc \\ underfill i:i their effects a
In freeing ths system of. M?onsncss ^j?
an?I inaiarla, N< < one Il\ ing in
Q Malarial Regions
should t>e without them. Their axe
?prevents a ? ?< of chilla ?n?l fever, ?^
r?uukb usuo, bilious eolle, and reives
the system strenj^h to resist uil th?
?rv evils of an unhealthy and impure at-?y*
5jF rnosphere. KlecRutly iMi^nr-coatcd^
l'rice, 25c, Ofllce. 39 VtucU Place, N. V.
Vhy Rem Lan i When Von Can Buy i
a Home on Easy Terms?
i TR VOT <>F G??.?D FAR'vUXtj AND
^ |~?tiii ? ' ir :, cor. ? ? t-i; :?"? ? ? with
ood dw.? und outnwiidints. .?.ell located
alt t;:;l?- frota R--i Ps ?; ?'ion on the Mttt.cf?.-->??
?n . A?iiusi.t ? i! , y ailles '.r<>.:t Sunrt*-r
Will seil h? a whole or ifi lots suit pur- ?
Terms?One-third ( :?-?: . balance easy p*y- :
?ehtsnnd low in tei est. Sector address
W. O. CAIN.
RaoiSev, P. I >., S. C, i
E. W. Dabbs, Agt.
unse P. ? . S. C. ;
What the Press Thinks of the
Newberry Herald k News.
We believe that the convention has,
in a measure at least, been successful
in making the way easy for a reunited
Democracy in South Carolina, and if it
accomplishes that it may be well that it
was held. We shall support Governor
Sheppard, and hope to see htm elected.
He has a good aud cl?an record, and
the short time he was Governor was ac
ceptable to all the people ; and his only
message to the Legislature is admitted
to bave been one of the ablest State
papers ever preseuted to that body.
The platform, in our judgment, ie
broad enough to embrace and foster
every interest of the State, and is alike
jus4 and equitable to all classes of the
Orangeburg Times and Democrat.
The effort that is being mads in some
newspapers to stigmatize the Demo
crats who nominated Sheppard and his
ticket as bolters is altogether wrong.
Their candidates are all Democrats and
they propose to make their fight in the
Democratic party, which they have a
perfect right to do. If they lose they
are in honor bound to vote for Tillmau
So let this talk about bolters cease at
The status of the party cow, is sim
ply this : we will have our fight within
the party lines until the meetiug of the
September convention. All good Dem
ocrats will accept the action of that
convention whether it be for primary or
not, and fight manfully for the success
of a reunited party. In the meantime
let there be uo bitterness or intemp?r
ance in speech or action, but a calm
discussion of our differences and a de
termination to come together in the in
terest of good government and the wel
fare of our mother State.
The attitude of many of the anti
administratiouists has all aloug seriously
threatened a split in the party, unless a
direct primary was granted by the
friends of the administration. Now, in
convention assembled, the different ele
ments of the opposition to T?l man have
combiued to an agreement to accept the
constitution aud by-laws of the regular
Democratic party, and make their fight
in accordance therewith. Iu this action
their judgment is to be commended, as
the differences now promise to be settled
in a democratic way by Democratic
St. Georges News.
The convention emphasized the fact !
that the contest will be made strictly -
within party lines. There will be no j
bolt, and the ticket that wins whether iu i
a primary or convention, wiil be sup
ported by the party as a whole. We j
think that the convention has acted
wisely and conservatively.
The Herald will .-apport this ticket, !
but this .shall not hinder us from doing I
full justice to the present State officials, j
especially the Governor, and if we. by ?
any mischance, do them any injustice, \
we will thank any one for calling our j
attention to the fact. While the Gov
ernor ;has done some very creditable j
tilings, for which he deserves credit,
his course, as a whole, has not been j
such as to commend his administration
to our judgment, and believing this, we
are forced to oppose him in the comiog
It. was, indeed, a novel and singular
Convention ? Compo>ed of men from
every portion of the State of every
variety of occupation and class of'those
who profess allegiance to the Demo
cratic party ; a convention without a
slate, or candidates, or office seekers,
or friends of < fficc seekers, or log
j rollers, or wire pullers?no similar
assemblage has convened in this State
sinoe the Democrito convention of 1876,
iu which, as iu this one, the predom
inant idea was the highest aud greatest
good of State and people.
The ticket, ''suggested" by the con
ference is composed of prominent gen
tlemen, of L;gh character and abillity, j
and most of them of more or less cxpe- I
ricuce in public service. But they !
belong to the old retime?have been iu !
public office, know how sweet it is, and
want another taste.
The fight is on, and both sides are
going to work for victory, and we say
to the friends of the present adminis
tration, who are the standard-bearers of
the people, that if they expect to hold j
the advantages that they have already j
gained they will have to wake up, as j
the oppositioD are now going to make .n j
death struggle for power. They have j
on their side ali of the oldtime politi
c?aos, the disappointed office-seeker, the j
sore-heads, aud an element longing
fnr some political cyclone to come along
that, will drive the Democratic ship [
upon the Republican shoals of disaster I
Any man who knows anything about
politics is bound to concede that there
is no chance of success for the ticket ?
nominated by the Thirteen Con ? . !
it is not at ail in sympathy with the
Reform movement and tho people can |
never be persuaded that it is. The
propositions up"ti winch it is to make
tb? rari- >? void ??fanything that would
bem lit the ; ? ??.
, ta" ? ? v Ut?.-crver. |
?'. rhaps somet? >dy would !<<? to have
; (Ki-erverV opinion ab >ui the re
sult. VV-c have ?? hesitation iti saying
timi while Tillaran is nothing like as
populm n< i? ? \r;irsi ?i^.i, we believe he
still basa large majority. We believe,
however, that with a properly conduct
ed campaign, in which his promise*
and in- ?? <> juanees will-be contrasted,
and ??- ' ni i ft: official record shown tin
liuti '\>\:\ and plainly and without lor
r favor, lucre will be a sbaoii?' " sou
tiruent sufficient to defeat his re-election
or to make it very close We think
the people are in a condition to listen
to argument and reason and that noth
ing is to be gained, to either side, by
appeals to passion or prejudice aud class
Not one single step taken by that
g"r*r t gathering of Democrats is in the
slightest degree calculated to promote a
reconciliation between the people of the
State who are really the ones at outs?
the Tillmanites aud the antis. What
does it profit to effect a reconciliation
between theautis? a reconciliation be
tweeu men already united !
Tifre work of the convention which
met in Columbia last week is com
mendable. And it. is heartily commen
ded by good Democrats generally?
such as have no broadaxes, nor little
hatchets, either, to grind on the Till
man grindstone iu the next election.
Especially did the convention use good
judgment in its selection of candidates
for State officers. They are men whom
our citizens can vote for with pleasure,
with confidence and with pride. They
are men of sound worth, undoubted in
tegrity and ability.
Do not say anything against ihe
ticket, until you read the platform. If
it appeals to your reason and common
sense, vote for its exponents at your
The March Convention of 1892 ba<;
met, and, as we believed it would,
transacted the business demanding its
attention in a straightforward and Dem
ocratic style. It promulgated a plat
form of many principles on which to
go before the people askiug their sup
port?a platform recognizing the peo
ple of the State as one family, having
a common interest and not as factions
and classes having opposing and clash
ing interests?and suggested to the con
sideration of the voters of the State a
set of men who would stand upon this
platform and fight for tbe rights of the
people, and asked that by the suffrages
of the Democrats of South Carolina
these men be elected the rulers aud
governors of our Commonwealth.
Tbe March Convention ended its
labors in one day, and the result is be
fore^the people. The convention was a
success in point of attendance and the
material of which it was composed.
No doubt many expected that an ex
treme element would couteol its pro
ceedings, but we are glad to say that
there was no disposition shown to run
into extremes either as to men or
measures. The speeches as a general
rule were temperate and dignified, and
there was very little indulgence in
bluster or gasconade, and none what
ever for which the convention as a whole
was at all responsible. The action of
the meeting is to be judged by the plat
form and the nominees, which consti
tute the sum and .-ubstance of the move
ment inaugurated, and it is silly to
draw upon the imagination in order to
form a correct judgment of its intent
and purposes. Sensible men are not
to be led astray by unjust attacks upon
the individuals composing the ticket
suggested or by dark insinuations of
evil parp?se on the part of the delegates
who attended the conference. It was
a free, voluntary assemblage of Demo
crats, who had a right to meet and
suggest a line of action to their politi
cal associates, aud every man has a
perfect right to accept or reject their
The Convention made one serious
blunder, in our opinion, when it failed
to demand a direct primary for tbe
whole State. It.is evident that many
leaders are not yet convinced that a
direct primary is just and right, and it
is a curious fact that in both factions of
the Democratic party are to be found
prominent men who arc refusing this
boon to the people. As matters now
stand, neither faction has anv advantage
; in this respect. The only remedy for
this state of affairs lies in the hands of
the people, who can get a direct pri
mary whenever they demand it from
their representatives, and wo would
again suggest that the local clubs
throughout the State press 'the demand
at the meetings to be held on the 9th of
April. The politicians and the people
are not together on this point, and the
people can teach a wholesome lesson at
the beginning of this campaign, if they
will take the trouble to express their
sentiments fairly and squarely in favor
of a direct primary.
The March convention that respond
ed to the call of the ''Thirteen" Demo
crats was an important meeting, and
we yield the greater part of our space
this week to a report of its action.
The report speaks for itself, and with
no uncertain sound, ile who runs
may read and lie who reads may under
stand. The ticket uamed will inspire
confidence everywhere, and with its
nomination and election we verily be
lieve that a $l,0O.O-,0U0 can be saved
to the taxpayers of the State within a
period of ;i lew months in (tie matter of
Siate bonds alone. We have been
"saving at the ?pigot and letting out at
the bung'' long enough. Let us have
a Government that will conduct its af
fairs on business principies Ivally to
the Sheppard and Orr flag. ? t?dgefield
The Prisoners Plea.
One of our young lawyers fells a
good our 'ti bims? if. At ti.-' last term
of ti.' court hni.-; It one y appointed
bim to"-(l'-fend a negro ?..?> was "cuse
er s methintf cone ruing it er hog. '
The ca?e w;t- ? lai . und the negro was
standing before lu- honor for
sentence, when the astiai question was
asked if he had anything to say before
sentence was passed His reply was.
'ifulhin much, boss, 'ceptin ? hope ver
will keep in mind de youngncss uv my
lawyer.''?Waynesboro (Ga.) Tine
Congressman Everett, of Georgia,
pays hr is an Alliance Democrat and
cauuot ???) with tbc Tbild party.
The Convention of 1886.
Tiie Columbia Register has an un
happy m ay of confusing history and
bringing to public attention matters
which those whom it serves would
rather have left unmentioned. A
few days ago it caused us to recall
certain facts of the March convention
of 1890. Now it carries us back to
1886 with this paragraph :
"In 1886, when Ti liman was advo
cating the Agricultural college, he
lost his influence in tlie reform move
ment on account o? the report that he
had entered into a deal with Captain
Dawson to elect John C. Sheppard
governor. The people refused to
accept Hheppard, and elected Rich
ardson over him. One of the bitter
est opponents of Sheppard was A. B.
Williams, editor of The Greenville
News, Today we find a new politi
cal coalition in South Carolina, with
Williams, Sheppard and the ilas
kellites blending in delightful har
mony. Captain Dawson was once
considered the political dictator in
this State which positiun, it ap
pears Mr. Williams now assumes."
In 1886 The News and Courier
was the ruling power in State
politics and represented a powerful
combination of Charleston and Colum
bia elements. It was fighting most
of the demands represented by the
farmers' movement. So was the
Columbia Register. The Greenville
News, the Newberry Observer, the
Anderson papers and a few others
were the onjy newspaper supporters
of these demands.
Charleston and Columbia split, the
Charleston people backing Mr. Shep
pard, the Columbia people Mr. Rich
ardson. The Greenville News fought
both of them. It contended that the
time had come for the farmers' move
ment people to name the governor.
They could have done it. If we
remember correctly, W. C. Coker, of
Darlington, a man who was thor
oughly in line with the farmers'
movement, was the nominee agreed
Captain Tillman, however, had
made a combination with The News
and Courier and Charleston. Men
who were in the farmers' movement
caucus at that convention say that
Captain Tillman did all lie could to
stampede it for Mr. Sheppard. His
conduct then, viewed in the light of
subsequent developments, caused
suspicion that he did not want the
farmers' movement to succeed until
he could lead it and secure for him
self the fruits of its victory.
We fought Sheppard then for the
same reason we ate fighting Tillman
now. We believed him to be in the
way of the farm?ra' movement.
Now Mr. Sheppard is on a farmers'
movement platform. So is Mr. Till
man. It has come to a question be
tween men and policies.
We believe John Sheppard to be
the better and safer man of the two
lie has no wild notions or ambitions.
He has been a success in his busi
ness, having built himself from the
ground up. lie is a business man
with business sense. For that rea
son we hope and expect to see him
governor of this State. For some
reasons we would have preferred to
have another man with the same
qualifications nominated. We want
a new maii. As it is, however, be
tween Sheppard and Tillman we say
Sheppard every time, and amend that
famous suggestion of The Greenville
News so as to read :
"The best thing 15. R Tillman, of
Ed gefiel d, can do for the State and
himself i? to go home and stay
As a private citizen Mr. Tillman is
interesting and amusing and some
times useful. As governor he is
dangerous and demoralizing, in
jurious to the State and the people
Mr. Williams is not trying to be
dictator any more then he is trying to
be a candidate for congress or a
gtaduate of Mr. Keeley'a well known
bichloride of gold establishment
His pen is not for hire nor does he
hitch himself to any man's coat tails,
as he did himself the honor to inform
Capt. G W. Shell several years
ago, dnringitheir first and only per*
sonai interview, lie began working
for the principles of the farmers' move
ment in State politics twelve years
ago and has stucl to them ever since
He does and says what he believes is
right, tries to perform his duties a9 a
citizen and does not care a rap who
gets the glory or honor or oftiees.
ile is not asking the public any
favors or trying to secure any power
for himself and has seen too much of
life to expect any very great devel
opment o? gratitude or generosity in
Charleston, S. C, March SI ?Spe
cial to the State?Charleston will deal
in cottoo fiitore? hereafter and the
transactions in (he local market will be
conducted similarly to the manner in
which so much money is made aud lost
in New York and New Orleans.
The cotton exchange met at fioon ?o
j day nearly all the members beiiij? pres
ent. After endorsing the plea of Miss
Floride Cunningham for aid for a colo
nial exhibit at. the World's Fair, the
exchange got down to business.
Mr Manjamin Adams of the firm of
Price, Keid and Adams opened the dis
cussion by offering the fallowing resolu
"Resolved, That the Charleston cot
ton exchange authorize the member." to
enter into transactions involving the ;
purchase .-'tol sale of cotton for fut::re
delivery, suhj'ct to the caisting mies j
and regulations" "f the cTv-lian^'i*, and ;
to such additional roles and regulations .
ss shall be provided and approved by :
the exchange at a eubseouent meeting. :
"Resolved, That a committee of seven
be appointed to take ?his matter into
consideration, and report saoh roles and
regulations for the conduct of the busi
ness as may -be deemed necessary, and
with power to employ conosci as to the
leg;il points involved. The action of the
committee t?> be submitted to the ex
change ff>r approval at a future meet
Several*gcut]ciiicn objected to the
mediate consideration of the resolutions
while others opposed the plan on ac
count of the addi'ioual expense it
would bring upon the exchange A
long and interestin g debate took place,
at the conclusion of which Mr. Adams'
resolutions were unanimously passed.
On motion the selection of the com
mittee on rules and regulations was
left to the president, who appointed the
folio wing gentlemen : Benjamin Adams,
chairman, \V. K. Steadman. John W.
Lewis, Geo. A. Wagener, M I>. Ham
ilton, A. A. Goldsmith, W. Ii. Wha
Senator Irby's Bank Stock.
Lnureaa Cor. Greenville News.
Lachens, March 29 ?With refer
ence to Senator Irby and the Lank
stock matter I am reliably informed as
In the autumn of 1890 the People's
Loan and Exchange bank of this city
increased tbe capital stock and Colonel
Irby subscribed for eight shares. He
was not ready to pay for them and gave
his co*e. The bank held the stock
with tbe note of Colonel Irby attached.
The bank bad tbe right at any time
after maturity to sell the stock. No
payment was made on the note and it is
long past due, but as tbe dividends on
the stock were always applied to paying
tbe interest on tbe note its collectien
was not euforced. Several months ago,
about Christmas time perhaps. Senator
Irby told the bank people to go ahead
and sell tbe stock, and a purchaser was
found and a bargain closed, though the
actual transfer was not made long be
fore the publication of the seoator's
card iu the Herald. The publication
of the card was tbe first intimation to
tbe bank that the rate of discount had
any influence in causing the senator to
a direct statement from senator
La?rens, S.C, March 29 ?To cor
rect the report sent to the Charleston
News and Courier from Greenville with
reference to my own ownership of cer
tain bank stock which has been denied
please publish the following letter from
the cashier of the Loan and Exchange
bank of Laurens:
"Laurens, S. C., March 29, '92.
"To Hon. J L. M. Irby:
"Your letter received. In reply
would say that you told me some time
ago to sell your bank stock. I have
sold five shares of the stock but it has
not been delivered to the purchaser.
The other three shares have been
spoken for. I kuew nothing of the news
paper article until I saw it in print. I
followed your direction as to selling
your bank stock. "Yours Truly,
"W. A. Watts."
I take it for granted that you will
give this denial aud explanation the
same publicity and prominence which
were accorded to tbe unfouuded rumor
Jno L. M. Irby.
What the State has Lost.
Under date of March 28, tbe spe
cial Charleston correspondent of the
State writes to that paper:
A number of people here have
commented quite freely on Ira 13
Jones' claim of 'first blood" in the
As a matter of fact tha railroads
are laughing in their sleeves that the
legal pigmies that fill the State ofiices
are so well pleased. The following
calculation is not unreasonable, and
it may open tbe eyes of a few people
to see what expense the officers of
the present Administration are xvill
ing to incur (out of the tax-payers'
pockets) in order to make political
capital fur themselves :
Tiie amount of taxes due the State
by tbe various railroad companies ap
proximates ?175,000. The commis
sion of one per cent, charged on ac
count of the money being paid into
court comes to $1 T50. The State
loses the use of $175,000 for forty
four davs, the interest on which
amounts to $1,265 To. It is said
that Mr Samuel Lord, who was em
ployed to conduct the case against
the roads, will receive at least $1,500
for his services. Then $i>00 is a lib
eral estimate for the costs \\\ case
they are to be paid by the State. To
sum up :
Commissions $1.750 00
Interest 1,265 75
Fee for a real lawyer 1,500 00
Costs (probably) " 500 00
Total $5.015 75
And all this lay-out for the sole
and only purpose ol fighting the rail
roads and scaring awny cap tai I
- ? ? -
A Salted Undershirt for the |
Five years ago I was suffering with a
severe throat trouble, so much so that
did not expect to live. An acquain
tance told me that he could give me a
remedy that would cure it, and as I had
tried a)) of the doctors in my town
without receiving any benefit, I decided
to try the remedy soggestcd. I tried
it. was permanently cared of my cough,
and besides ? discovered that I was not
subject to colds
I served a palaco ear company for
two years in thai time. ? was conduc
tor, Tunrtw^. the State? of Virginia,
North Carolina, ?^ooth Carolina, Geor
gia, Florida. Tennessee and Alabama.
} was of course subjected to very hot
cars in winter, and of necessity had
constantly to get out in the cob! sf all
hoors of the night. In all that time
1 have never had a cold or the grip.
Von will be astonished at th.1 remedy ?
t i.? si'npl t.^ wear a salted undershirt.
Take a s?immcr undershirt stui soak it :
in brino hi ade with. say. a half pint of
ordinary salt to shout a quart of water,
arid, put out to dry. Wear this shirt
next t<> the body. It is not unpleasant |
to tear sud ? ami-are keep off grip
and bad colds, and 1 Srm?y believe con
sump'ion. If ! were to live to be St) ;
years ohi. I ha7c so mach faith in the
salted shir?s that I would never cease
to wear their: My reason for prefer- ?
ing the thin ganze shirt is because the
salt makes a heavy shrrt too stiff and
hard Wear the heavy shirt over the j
salted shirt.?New York Times,*
Niagara in Harness.
The estimates of the total power of
Niagara Falls, says the Safety Valve r
vary in somewhat wide iiaiits, but all
engineers who have Sgurcd upoo the
matter place it at severs! millions of
horse power, and it is cot, an extreme
calculatioo which makes it twice as
great as that of the total combined
steam and water power at present em
ployed in the whole United States.
And yet, although the first rude saw
mill was erected at the falls in 1725,
there bas nor. been, up to the present
time, any adequate attempt made to
utilize any considerable portion of this
tremendous power. To do this it was*
obvious that a great initiai outlay would
be necessary to cut through the high,
rocky banks, the required channel for
the supply Sow, utilization and escape
of the water at its lower level. Some
thing was done in ISTo, when the pres
ent hydraulic canal was coastructed,.
affording G.000 horse-power,, running
about a dozen establishments, princi
pally flour mi!lsr but so incomplete was
the provision made for utilizing the fult
head of the water that the tail- race of
the present mills has, in many instances,
a greater fall than- that which is used to
turn the wbee?s.
Tili: FRESENT GREAT UNDERTAKING",
The present Niagara Falls Power
Company is making the first noteworthy
effort for the development of the power
of the falls on a large scale, although
the proportion of the total" power which
will be utilized is so small a fraction of
the whole that it is not expected to
make a difference large enough to be
perceptible in the flow of the river over
the falls. The company is the succes
sor of the one chartered by the New
York Legislature in 1886, and, with
the Cataract Construction Company,
organized in connection with it, in
cludes among its stockholders and
directors some of the leading capitalists
and business men of New York city.
The company was given power to sell
stock to the amount of ?10 000,000.
TUE GREAT TUX EL.
The central feature of the work is the
great tuonel, 7.250 feet long, which
will form the tail race, starting from
the river at just above the water level
below the falls, and running under the
village of Niagara, at a depth of about
200 feet below the surface of the ground,
the upper end of the tunnel being
beneath a large tract of land the com
pany ha9 purchased adjacent to the
river bank above the village. Over
1,400 acres of laud has thus been
acquired and laid out by the company
in mill sites, and for the necessary sur
face canals, throogh which water will
be supplied from the river to the vari
ous wheel pits, all of the later being
connected by lateral tunnels with the
main discharge tunnel. The tunnel has
somewhat of a horseshoe shape, being
nineteen feet wide by tweoty-one feefc
high inside of the brickwork with which
it is to be lined throughout, and having
a cross sectional area of 336 square
feet for its entire leDgth. The total
amount of excavation, including that
necessary for the timbering and brick
work, represented a cross sectional area
of 522 sbaare feet.
THE LINING OF THE TUNNEL,
The base of the tunnel at its dis
charge point in the river and below the
falls is 205 feet below the sill of the
head gate at the entrance of ttie main
canal from the river above the falls,
which represents the total fail, of which
it is expected about 140 feet will be
practically utilized, the difference beiog
tak2n up by a liberal allowance for4
clearance from the wheel pits, incline
of the lateral tuouels leading therefrom
to the main discharge tunnel, and the
incline of the latter, which is made at
a grade of 36 feet to the mile. To pre*
vent dau.zze to the tunnei by the im
mense rush of water it is lined on the
invert and fides for a distance of 200
feet back from the discharge point wito
clo?ely fitting cast irou plates, there be
ing a heavy cast iron frame at the
mouth, and the tunnel is lined through
out, including the invert, with lO?f
courses, or 16 inches, of brick.
CONSTRUCTION OF Til E TUNNEL.
Tn the building of the tunnel three
shafts were put down. At the portal,
where the top of the river b3ok is 214
feet above the level of the water, what
is kuown as the 7/>ro shaft was sunk,
ll) by 12 feet in size, and extending
down 93 feet, from the top of a ledge
to the st ?fit of the tunnel arch, this
shaft being extended up to the top of
the bank by open timber work. Shaft
No 2 2 Go? feet from the portal, was
sunk 2Oli feet, and was U> by 20 feet
in size, while shaft No. 3, ^f the samo
size and feet deep, was 5 200 feet
from the portal.
The administration organs speak of
the peace and unity nominations as the
' Sheep ticket." .The administration
may probably be designated as the
goat ticket because whenever the head
blates the tail vibrates in frantic and
ecstatic applause ?Greenville News.
- ? - ? --
Shilch's Consumption Cure.
This i? beyond question the most successful
Cough Medicine we have ever seid, a few doses
invariably cure the worst eases cf coughs,
Croup and Bronchitis, while i's wonderful
='.:rcr*s ?r th? c??re of Consumption :s with-*
out a parallel j:i the history of medicine.
Since its first disro-fry rr t*s been sold Co H
puarantee, a test which no otbe? medicine can
stand Jfyou have a cough we earnestly ask
you to rry it Price l?e.. 50c. and $t. If
yocr loups ftrr sore, chest, or back lame, ucC
Shiloh's Porcili Po.ster. Sold by f>r. A. J.
China. Sonito-S C. 1
- ? - ? ??
It is a fixed Mud immutable law that l?
have pood, sound health one must have pure,
rich and abondant blood. There i* no
shorter ncx &?rer route by a course of
5>e Wi?'s S.-.rsapari?a. .LS. r?aghsoo & Co.
ttncklen** Arnica Salve.
Tre T?e?t Salve in the worl i f->r Cut?, Bruiti
Sores. I leers. Salt Kheum. Fever Sores, Tetter^
Chapped Hands Chilblains, (Vrris and all
Ski-. KrupC?ons, an? positively <*i:res Piles, ot
no y:'V required It is cnaranteoii jive per*
feet satisfaction, or in-mjy refunded. Pric$
25cents por box. For salo bj J. F. VV. De
Improve Your Stock.
? have a fine lot of Brown and Vfh?fa
Leghorn, Put? Cochins and !> ack Minore*
Cock reis that 1 wish to dispose or in the ne?!
thirty days, And will ?lava wry much1
below their va:ne. The-*- i-iiii? Hie from ther
best ptiz" stock tnd will make a creditably
showing at ? exhibition
VV. Ft MTRRAY.
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