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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, April 06, 1892, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1892-04-06/ed-1/seq-4/

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?$* Caliteli ani) S&utkm
WEDNESDAY, APBIL ?, '92.
?rgot ano mildew in pastures.
Ab KngKsh Authority Warns Sheep Breed
ers' Against These Two Diuij?m. - .? j
C?ie ought to be exercised in the se
lection of pastarage for sheep, especially
the ewe flocks, owing to the prevalence in
certain localities of ergot and mildew.
Thos?^vbose acquaintance With ergot is
slight may not know how'to detect its
preee&ce in their pastares, but Professor
Thoager says in The Mark Lane Express
that if they notice any of the grasses,
especially those around the borders of the
field, to have a sooty appearance, they
Would do well to examine them more
closely. The ergot fungus is cylindrical
and curved, resembling a horn or cock's
spur, and varies in length from one
third of an inch to an inch and a half;
externally it is dark violet in color, in*
ternallyjrrayish yellow. If but a small
(juanrity of the grass is affected by the
disease no importance need be attached
to its-occurrence, but if much of it is
observed the stock should be removed to
acme other pasture. The most serious
danger of ergot ted grass lies in the fact
that it is very liable to cause abortion in
breeding stock, andauere is -another
trouble of which the authority quoted
believes ergot to be the cause and one
whicK is not generally known. He gives
this illustration "from his own experi
ence:
In a sheep breeding district with which
I am well acquainted it has been noticed
every autumn,, more or less, that the
flocks are affected with what is locally
called "foot rot" The symptoms, how
evergare ^not thoso.of ordinary foot rot
Abscesses' oecur on the extremities; geh- J
erally on the coronet, and occasionally
about the knee and fetlock joints, and in
some instances the nose and ears are at
tacked. Examination of the layers on
which the sheep are grazing has always
shown the existence of ergot, and re
moval of the flock to an unaffected pas
tare ai once prevents the appearance of
any fresh cases.
With regard to mildew, this is always
present to a certain extent during the
autumn season^ and it is only when
there is more of it than usual that it
needs attention. Last autumn it was
phenomenally abundant A cold, wet
sommer, followed by warm days and
dewy nights in autumn, is sure to be the
cause of large numbers of parasitic fungi
attacking vegetation. Mushroom hunt
ers are well aware that conditions ap- |
proximaf?ng to those described result in !
an abundant harvest of their delicacy, j
and what favors the growth of the
mushroom is also conducive to an abun
dance of fungoid plant diseases. If we
go iato * "seeds" layer, we shall not
have far to look for a plant of knot grass
or of 'plantain, the leaves of which seem
to be covered with finely powdered
chalk?this is one of the mildews or
molds, if we walk through the .grass
for a few yards we may notice that our
boots are covered with a reddish brown
powder; this is another fungus?one of
the rusts.
The first sharp frost will kill both
mildew and rust, but we cannot wait for
that before turning in the sheep. Ina
short time several of these will most
likely become affected with a bad scour,
the result of eating the rusted and mil
dewed forage. This scour,nnless checked,
will soon teB~ou the condition of the
sheep, but fortunately there is a remedy, I
cheap, s?r.iple and thoroughly effective.
In meet instances the fungi give a very
decided s.kaHne reaction, and if, on
testing the faeces of a scouring sheep, we
find they are strongly alkaline, the
remedy Je give the pat?ent a dose of
common brown vinegar, dilated with
water, which by neutralizing the alka
line matter in the stomach and intestines
soon stops the scour. If, on the other
band* the faeces are decidedly acid, give
an alkali.
PLANTS UNDEfT glass.
Opinions of An Expert on ti.e Proper
Night Temperature for Plante.
The constanti}' increasing use of green
houses in the cultivation of plants makes
a knowledge of the best methods, for
their management of general importance.
In growing plants under natural condi
tions out of doors it is well known that
th^y undergo wide variations of temper
ature in the changes from day to night
It is not, however, as generally known
that euch changes in ?temperature are
equally necessary for successful plant
growing in glass structures where arti
ficial heat is used. On this subject Mr. .
William Saunders^supcrintendent of the
gardens and grounds of the agricultural
department at ^Washington, say* that
one of the most prevalent and injurious
errors in the management of green
houses and other plant houses is that of
keeping the temperature too high during
the night. To maintain as high a de
gree of heat-during the darkness as dur
ing the light is a practice opposed both
to science and- the results of experience.
It is also-told that plants grown in a
nearly uniform temperature under glass
seldom ripen or mature their wood in a
thorough manner; the buds are immature
and make feeble growth, and the whole
plant contraete a delicate nabit of con
stitution which renders it incapable of
withstanding the slightest neglect with
out injury. On the contrary, plants con
stantly subjected to a suitable lowering
of night temperature are more robust,
have short jointed and matured growths:
flowers not only expand more fully bnt
remain longer in perfection; fruite are
better colored and flavored and more
perfect in every respect than those de
veloped in an atmosphere of uniform
heat and moisture. Greenhouse plants
require no heat during the night f urther j
thau to exclude frosts.
?nottter injury consequent upon a high
night temperature during winter arises
from the extraction of moisture from the
atmosphere. To maintain an inside tem
perature of even 50 degs. when the ex
ternal is near zero involves a rapid gen
eration of heat, and as the capacity of
air for taking moisture increases in pro
portion to its rise a great demand is
made upon the plants and everything in
the house capable of giving np moisture,
The quantity of water thus carried off
may be seen by the deposition of ice on
the inner surface of the glass after a
night of severe frost Ice one-fourth of
-$& inch in thickness is often found under
these circumstances, the result of con
densation and freezing of the water car
ried from the contained moisture in the
atmosphere and from the surface of the
plante. The parched and unhealthy as
jject of the plants subjected to such
treatment is sufficient evidence against
the practice. _
Pressing and Shipping: Poultry.
With the exception of the Boston and
New England markets poultry is rarely
drawn. For the New York market
neither crop nor intestines are drawn,
though; the former must be free from
food, as the city ordinance prohibits the
sale of poultry unless the crops are
empty. Section 1 reads thus: "That no
turkeys or chickens be offered for sale in
this city unless the crops of such turkeys
and chickens are free from food and
other substance and shrunk close to the
bodies. That all fowls exposed for sale
m violation of this ordinance shall be
seized and condemned-; such of them as
shall be tainted shall, upon examina
tion, be destroyed and the rest which is
fit for food shall be used in the public in
stitutions of t?ie city."
To insure the highest market prices
for poultry thebirds must be wel t fatted,
croas empiy when killed, cleanly picked,
with the skin unbroken and free from
bruise or mother blemish; carcass thor
oughly cooled, but riot frozen, previous
to packing. Pack in boxes with a layer
of clean straw?rye straw is best?be
tween the layers or birds placed in the
same position in which they roost.
Ship poultry for the various holiday
seasons so as to reach the commission
merchant from two to five days in ad
vance. Avoid having your poultry
reach its destination on a Saturday.
Mark each package legibly, specify what
it contains. Send the invoice by mail.
Carniolans versus Italian Bees.
The editor of the Missouri Beekeeper
says that for three years he has been
comparing the Italians with the <Jarnio
lans, keeping them in the same yard.
He says that with a stead}' flow of honey
; thfrCarn??lans stored more surplus than
the Italians, with about the same per
cent of swarming. With a poor season,
the Italians came out ahead. He says
th? Italians, as we all know, were pro
lific up to the commencement of the
honey flow, then checked brood rearing
and filled a part of their combs with
honey, while the Carniolans kept up
brood rearing until late in the fall, using
up" their stores and in many cases re
quiring feeding for winter. The Carnio
lans swarmed many'times when no honey
was coming in. He did not find them
as gentle as the Italians. During the
three seasons the Italians gave more
honey with less labor and stings.
Agricultural Experiment Stations.
Agricultural experiment stations are
now in operation in ail the states ?nd
territories except Montana and Idaho.
During the year new stations have been
established in Wyoming, Oklahoma and
Washington. Of the fifty-five stations
in the United States, fifty receive their
support wholly or in part from the
United States treasury. The stations
employ 450 persons in the work of ad
ministration and inquiry. The results
and processes of their experiments are
described in the station bulletins and
reports. _
Refuse vegetables will be greedily
eaten by fowls and is good food in con
junction with grain.
RESTORING SOIL FERTILITY.
Lessons Learned by the Aid of Science
and Through Farm Exp?rience.
There are two methods of restoring the
lost fertility of the soil. One is by the
application of needed constituents de
rived from soils and sources other than
the land on which they are to be used.
This involves a direct outlay of money,
and at once the question arises, will it
pay? In it are included the mineral ele
ments of plant food, such as the potash
and nitrates from foreign mines, guano
?the excrement of sea fowl, originally
derived from the sea?and phosphate
rock, all more or less entering into the
constituents of the commercial fertilizers
now so common. The other may be said
to be furnished, directly or indirectly,
by the soil itself. The most direct way
in which the soil can be made to fertilize
itself while under cultivation is by the
growing of plants whose decomposition
will return to it a greater measure of
fertility than was abstracted for their
production.
While something had been learned in
this direction through farm experience,
it was not until science came to the aid
of agriculture that it was estimated at
its true worth, and that the plants best
fitted for soil renovation and the reason
for preferring them as such became
known. Science and experience hav
ing jointly determined that clover, peas
and other plants of their class are the 4
ones specially adapted to furnishing this
requirement, it consequently follows
that growing them and plowing them
under when at their best is the most di
rect way to make the soil fertilize itself.
This, however, is commonly thought too
costly a method, requiring, as it does,
the sacrifice of a crop. In lieu of it, by
giving clover a two years* lease, much
the same result can be realized through
the decay of the stubble and its more ex
tensiveToot system, and in the south the
cowpea nosakes so rapid a growth that
two crops may be raised in a season.
An indirect way in which the soil may
be said to fertilize itsel? is through the ap
plication of the manure from stock, fed on
nitrogenous fodder grown upon it. Thia
opens up;the subject of the best rotation
of crops and furnishes a wide field, not
only for the farmer's own experiments,
bet also fora judicious use of the knowl
edge which the numerous experiment
stations of the country are yearly
placing within his reach without direct
cost to himself. After all, says the ag
ricultural editor of the New York
World, everything depends on what the
soil still contains and the manner in
which the plant food taken off in pre
vious crops may be most naturally and
cheaply supplied again.
Artificial Incubators.
Amateurs are puzzled when it comes
to the selection of an incubator, and it is
with a view to assisting this class of
readers that these remarks from the
book entitled "Profits in Poultry" are
here given:
i The supposition that a constant stream
of pure air must flow through an in
cubator is an error. Kot that there
should not be plenty of pure air, but it
should not pass through as a current.
The hen on the nest airs the eggs, but
she keeps the air still and motionless.
The desire to regulate an incubator has
caused incubators to be constructed that
open and shut off the heat very easily;
but an observer may notice that they
will often open and close the valves
every few minutes, thus causing the
heat to change as many times, and to
allow of slow or fast currents accorrling
to the frequency with which the valves
open and shut.
The best machines are those that slow
ly reach a point above or below the nor
mal hatching point. Too much air passes
into the incubators and not enough into
the brooders, as a rule. A little chick
does not require so large a volume of air
as is usually allowed, and a hundred of
them together wi-.l not consume so much
as a small quadruped. If the air is ad
mitted below the eggs there will always
enough escape to allow fresh air to enter
for ventilation. A regulator ought to be
a very simple arrangement. Some of
them are so lelicate in construction as to
do more injury than good. The ma
jority of persons put too much faith in
the regulator. To he successful the
operator must determine that he will do
the work himself, and he must watch
the incubator whether it regulates or not.
In Hammonton many of the incuba
tors are simple tanks surrounded by saw
dust and without any self regulators at
all. These incubators are made by plac
ing the sawdust between an inner and
larger box, the tank being in top of the
inner box. The tank for a hundred egg
incubator is 15 by 30 inches, 7 inches
deep. Th*? egg d rawer is 15 by 36 i aches,
6 inches fitting in the space at the open
ing when the drawer i s shut. This space
in the front of th^ eircr dr;twf>r is also
boxed off and filled with sawdust. The
ventilator is 6 inches deep. Four inches
of sawdust surround the inner boi. The
tauk is filled with boiling water. The
eggs are hatched at 103 degs. The heat
is regulated by drawing off a bucket of
water night and morning.
Poni try Notes.
Edward B. Thompson, Ament, N. Y.,
is secretary of the American Plymouth
Rock club, which was organized at
Charleston, January, 1891.
A. W. Gardiner, Springfield, Mass., is
secretary of the American Buff Leghorn
club.
Nowhere will skimmed milk pay bet
ter returns than in the poultry yard.
Dust baths are now in order, and
happy is the farmer who has a big
supply of dry road dust on hand for his
fowls.
The hen, like the cow, must be given
bulky food. Give her all the chopped
clover, scalded, that she can eat If she
is fat the clover, with one ounce of lean
meat per day, will soon compel her to lay.
Separate the layers from the others.
You cannot keep old hens, pullets, fat
hens and lean hens together any more
than you can keep dry cows, heifers not
yet in milk and fres.i cows together, for
they do not require the same food.
The Woman's building of the Colum
bian exposition begins to assume the ap
pearance of a finished structure. It is
inclosed, and only one-fourth of the en
tire work remains to be done.
Some Simple Drees Styles.
One often has breadths of black cloth
or silk put away; these may be used this
winter to advantage, either made iuto a
skirt to be worn with a bright colored
coat, or just the opposite, made into a
coat to be worn with another skirt. The
jacket shapes for basques is still most
prevalent, those for street suits being in
cutaway or smoking jacket style; those
for indoors in Louis XV and XVL
There is more and more of a tendency to
do away entirely with the foundation
skirt, many of the winter woolens hav
ing been lined throughout instead.
When light fabrics are mounted on a
j foundation they are not tacked at all to
? it, so the outside can be lifted, leaving
the foundation, which is shorter, and
finished nicely with a knife plaiting or
crossway band. The polonaise grows in
favor for day suits, while the princess,
or some modification of the princess, is
much worn for evening by all ages, ex
cept the young girl, who looks best in a
half low necked pointed corsage. The
popular full skirt has five breadths at
the foot sloped to three at the top.?
Brooklyn Eagle.
Sknok Skin* to the Front.
Skunk skins will be fashionable while
seal skins are as hard to get as they are
now. Since the British and United
States governments put a bar on the seal
fisheries, the supply of seal skins has
greatly fallen off. Prices have risen,
and strange to say the demand has in
creased. The prospects of a hard winter
will make furs very desirable, and deal
ers will ha* e to find a worthy substitute
for sealskin. Skunk skins, to be known
as Russian sables, will partly fill the bilL
Real sables are as hard to get as seal
skins, and skunk skins are plentiful. If
they are well dressed they are as stylish
as any furs that can be worn, and they
are a great deal cheaper. There are half
a dozen big skunk farms in this state
alone, and a score or more elsewhere.
There will be no stringency in the sup
ply of them, and they will be fashionable.
Skunk skins are already being sold in
Paris as Russian sables.?Globe-Demo
crat.
Woman Suffrage in Boston.
A curious phenomenon is the rapid de
crease of the women's vote in Boston.
Only three years ago 20.252 women reg
istered and ail but about 800 of them
voted. There was great excitement that
year, and the women were induced to
avail themselves of the privilege by all
manner of appeals to their feelings.
But the next year only 10,589 registered
and 10,000 voted. In 1890 the number
was still further reduced to 7,925; and at
the municipal election of 1891 there was
less than 6,000 women who could vote.
Opponente of woman suffrage undoubt
edly see in this a confirmation of their
opinion that women do not care to vote
except when excited and are, therefore,
by so much disqualified from casting an
intelligent ballot. And if it does not
mean this, what does it mean??Boston
Commonwealth.
Home Work.
Young women of leisure are the most
enthusiastic and the most dangerous of
amateur workers in this modern crusade
of work, because in their eagerness and
happy unconsciousness they rush in
Where wiser visitants would hardly dare
; to go, and it is the fashion to applaud
their doings without regard t? results.
It was formerly the custom for the
daughter to be the helper and companion
! of the mother. Now the daughter is
j emancipated and the mother solitary.
If she is ill and can afford one she may
have a trained nurse to take care of her,
but otherwise there will be little induce
I ment to protract illness or convalescence.
There is, in fact, with all the desire for
work, a great want of real work done at
home. ? "Thrown on Her Own Re
sources," by Jennie June.
She Does 5,e*?r?l Thing? Well.
On Saturday afternoon Miss Hattie
West, a recent graduate of Wesleyan
university, at Delaware, Ohio, went
gunning on her father's Little Darby
farm, near Unionville, with her broth
er's shotgun, bird dog and rubber boots.
The result of afternoon sport was
fourteen quails, three rabbits and the
bird dog's tail. The latter was shot off
by the premature discharge of the yoang
lady's gun while she was climbing
through a wire fence. Miss West is
locally noted as an excellent house
keeper, with a passion for good litera
ture, and writes very pleasing verse
when she has time to indulge her taste
in that direction.?Cincinnati Enquirer.
Spangled Fans.
The new fans, like the new dress trim
mings, are spangled. A pretty example
in black gauze, mounted on carved ebony,
is thickly strewn with silver disks and
stars, it sparkles splendidly by ni^ht,
and looks well with any kind Of ball
dress. Ostrich feather fans are now
made in three or more different colors to
harmonize with the new shot silks and
ganzes. The prettiest fan to carry with
a flower trimmed dress consists of a
bunch of rtees and poppies with silk pet
als that open and close with the fan.
Dainty and inexpensive fans are of white
gauze with lace insertions and borders
painted with flowers and figures in me
dallions.?New York Herald.
She Will (in Aronml the World.
Mlle. Saint-Oiner, a French lady sixty
four years of age, is to join the ranks of
lady explorers, and will make a tour
around the world, following a course
south of and parallel with the equator.
Her purpose is to collect data regarding
the life of women and the training of
children in the different countries for
the Geographical Society of Paris. She
takes no luggage with her, and expects
to extend her travels over a period of
three years. She has already made a
voyage around the world, paying her
own expenses.?Paris Letter.
TOO FOND OF HIMSELF.
So Much Interested in the ? Passen
ger That He Paid Doable.
A pretty young woman, dressed in the
height of fashion, got into one of the
Fifth avenue "busses" the other day to
drive up to Central park. Some of these
busses still run on the old "bobtail" sys
tem, that is. they have no conductors to
collect the fare, and passengers must
themselves drop their nickels into a box
at the end of the conveyance. The
driver is supplied with a quantity of
small coin to mJke change for passen
gers who have uot the exact fare. As
this handsome young woman took out
her purse, several men bent forward ex
pectantly for the privilege of passing
her coin up to the box for her. Ignoring
their readiness, she made her way up to
the box herself and dropped a dime in
to it
Then she waited for her change. No
change came, however. She looked at
the box anxiously, evidently thinking
that perhaps she needed to pull out a
handle or press a button somewhere in
order to see her change fall out, but all
she saw was a little sign, "Put the exact
fare in the box." The men whom sho
had overlooked only grinned. She ap
pealed to the driver for change. He told
her he could not open the box, but that
if she would wait until another passen
ger got aboard she could have his nickel
instead of his dropping it in the box.
Pretty soon a typical "chappie," wjjh
monocle and English covert coat much
too large for him, stepped into the bus
and offered the driver ten cents to be
changed into two nickels. The driver
explained to him the predicament the
young lady was in and asked him to give
her one of the nickels.
"Certainly, with all the pleasure in
the world," said the young fellow, as
with a "ain't-I-just-in-it" smile he raised
his hat, bowed profusely to the young
woman and dropped a nickel into her
little gloved hand. He beamed into her
eyes as he did so in a way that evident
ly embarrassed her, but he grinned
wider at her blush and looked around at
the others as if to say. "Watch me mash
her the first time." Then with a jaunty
air he dropped the other nickel in the
box.
Then several men snorted and the
young fellow looked up surprised to see
what they were laughing at. He could
not help seeing that he was the object of
their mirth. He could not understand it
at first, but pretty soon it struck him
that he had got rid of two nickels for
one ride. Then he blushed up to the
roots of his hair, got very hot indeed
and went out on the roof to cool off.?
New York Tribune.
Funny Incident? at Marriage Service*.
Some funny stories are told about the
marriage service in the Isle of Man.
One of them relates how an old man,
brought rather unwillingly to the altar,
could not be induced to repeat the re
sponses. "My good man," at length ex
claimed the clergyman, "I really cannot
marry you unless you do as you are told."
But the man remained silent At this
unexpected hitch the bride lost all pa
tience with her future spouse and burst
out with, "Go on. Say it after him just
the same as if you was mockin him.**
The same difficulty occurred in another
case. The clergyman, after explaining
what was necessary and going over the
responses several times, without the
smallest effect, stopped in dismay,
whereupon the bridegroom encouraged
him with, "Go ahead, pass'n, go ahead!
thou'rt doin bravely." Upon another oc
casion it was, strangely enough, the
woman who could not be prevailed upon
to speak. When the clergyman remon
strated with her, she indignantly replied:
"Your father married me twice befoor,
and he wasn't axin me any of them im
perent questions at alL"?London Satur
day Review.
Peaches Worthy of Trial.
A Delaware grower of extended expe
rience with peaches names the following
as peaches among the newer varieties
worthy of trial He says of the Elberta
that, all things considered, it possesses
more of the qualities uecessary for the
make up of the best family market or
shipping peach yet introduced. The
Globe is a large yellow fruit, with red
cheeks, fine quality and shaped differ
ently from all other peaches in having a
depression rather than a swollen point at
the apex. John Hass is a freestone,
good size, fully equal to the Mountain
Kose in size and color; tree a good bear
er. Peninsula Yellow will doubtless be
come a standard sort. The Wheatland
is one-third larger than Crawford's Late,
quality superb, very high colored.
An Around the World Outfit.
It would seem that Dr. Alice Stock
ham, of Chicago, had reduced the
amount of clothes with which a woman
can travel to a minimum. Dr. Stock
ham sailed from New York a few days
ago for a six months' trip around the
world. She carried a small square hand
bag containing her entire outfit except
what she wore. The sum of these latter
garments was this: One uniou suit of
light woo/.; a divided skirt of blue serge,
lined; a biackcloth gown made in one
piece; a long serge traveling coat; a
black bonnet and gloves; heavy soft kid
boots, and black wool stockings.
In her bag she carried a second union
suit like the one she wore, and one a
little heavier; a pair of equestrian tights;
a second pair of stockings; a black silk
princess gown, and a bedroom wrapper,
also of silk; one cotton nightgown; two
neck handkerchiefs of black silk and two
of white, to fold inside the necks of her
gowns, which she wore low; half a
dozen pocket handkerchiefs, and a black
scarf for headgear in crossing. That
was all?not a bandbox, not a petticoat,
not even a frill. "What under the
firmament are women coming to?" says
some man under his breath. "Solid com
fort, good sir, and less nonsense about
it"?New York Sun.
Persian Lamb in Faror.
Persian lamb is increasing continually
in favor and grace, especially for cloaks.
A few years ago the dealers had hard
work to convince customers of its beauty
and elegance; now the demand is daily
increasing. Some woman of place and
taste bought a dress on the other side,
with a bit of the curly black fur foi
decoration. Some other woman of equal
discernment and wisdom, but who
couldn't buy gowns on the other side,
copied the decoration and the spark was
kindled.
The fickle, capricious public fancy was
won and now no fur is more popular for
deiniseason wear and for decorative pur
poses than this. Russian sable {s re
moved by its great cost and elegance
alone from outranking seal in favor. It
is the decoration par excellence for seal
garments, for linings and collars, for
mantles and capes, to all who can afford
it. A new "manteau de voyage" is of
mouse gray cloth, cut so as to fit close to
the waist behind. A large point of gray
velvet is inserted to form the back, and
the collar and bottom of the cloak are
trimmed with gray fur.?Chicago News.
A Leader,
Sinre if? first introduction, Electric T?ifter*
has gained rapMly in popular fnvor, until now
it is cIcjirly in the lend iim ng pure m?dicinal
tonici and alterative*?containing nothing
whioh perrr/itu it? use hs beverage or intoxi
cant, it \f rec"jrtii7,??d us the beft and purest
medicine f -r ?11 ailmt nts of .ctomach. I.iver ?r
Kidne-s ? it will cure Sick Headache, Indiges
tion. ConfMp.-ttion. jind drive Malaria from the
aystem Satisfaction guaranteed with each
b-t'ln or the uv-nry will be refunded. Pri?e
onlv ?fc. per bottle. Sold hy J. F W. D?.
Loriue. 2
enteil
Commenced March 2, and ends April 17.
The following list
4
Will enable housekeepers always to know where [something
nice and suitable for a meal, at this most difficult sea
son for them, can be procured.
READ OUR RECIPE
FOR MAKING GOOD COFFEE,
This is the principal accessory to a Break
fast, and deserves SPECIAL attention :
Ammonia,
Axle Grease,
Almond".
B&iog Powder,
Barley, pearl,
Bath Brick,
Bay Rom,
Bird Food,
Blacking,
Blue and Blueing,
Baker's Breakfast Cocoa
Borax,
Broma,
Bread Preparation,
Batter,
Buckwheat,
Candles,
Caody,
Cao Openers,
Caper Saoce,
Castile Soap,
Celery Salt,
Cerealine,
I Chalk,
Cheese,
Chili Saoce,
Cigars,
Cigarettes,
Codfish,
Coffee*.
Coffee Essence,
Coffee Mills,
Coffee Pots,
Crockery ware,
Deviled Meats,
Dried Fruit,
Dannau/s Coooaoot,
Kg g Costard,
Enamaline,
Evaporated Vegetables,
Evaporated Fruits,
Extracts and Flavorings,
Ex. of Beef, Leibig's,
Ferris* Hams & Bacon,
Figs,
Fish Roe,
Fruit Puddine,
Gelatioe.
Ginger Preserves,
Graham Flour.
Glassware, Lampe, &c ,
Halibut, smoked,
Heao Tea,
Herrings,
Hominy,
Hooey.
Horse Radish,
Homes & Coolt's Biscuits,
imported Groceries,
Improved Jelly,
Ink,
Jams aod Jellies,
Kornlet,
Lard,
Lemons,
Lemon Sogar,
Lentils,
Lioe Tablets,
Lye, concentrated,
Mackerel,
Macaroni,
Maple Syrop,
Matches,
Mince Meat, Condensed,
? ? " loose.
Molasses, New Orleans,
Mocil age,
Moshroome,
Moetard, prepared,
?' Colman's,
j Nuts,
Oatmeal,
OaiCakes.
j Olive Oil,
Olives,
O & O Tea,
Orange Marmalade,
Pates de foies gras.
Pates of Game,
Peas, Green and Split,
Peas, Freoch,
Pepper Sauce,
I Pepper,
Perfumery,
Pearline,
Pickled Salmon,
Pickles.
Pigs Feet,
Pipes,
Plora Padding,
Polishine,
Potted Meats,
Preserves,
Pronee,
Raisios,
Rice,
Rice Flour, (for table ose)
Roasted Coffee,
Rock Caody,
Rock Caody Drips,
Root Beer Extracts,
Royal Egg Macaroni,
Sago,
Salad Dreseiog,
Sal Soda
Salt,
Saltpetre,
Sardines, imported,
" in moetard,
Sauces,
Saimoo Steak,
Saratoga Chips,
Seed Irish Potatoes,
Seed, garden,
Shoe Dreseiog,
Shot, Powder aod Caps,
Slates,
Shrimps,
Smoked Beef,
Snuff,
Soaps, Laundry,
44 Toilet,
Sa polio,
? Soapioe,
Soda, Bi-carb,
Scopa io Caos,
Stationery,
Stove Polish,
Sugars.
Sweet Pickles,
Syrups,
Tacks,
Tapioca,
Teas,
Tio Toilet Sets,
Tobacco,
Tomato Catsup,
Tripe and Toogoe,
Truffles.
Van Honten's Cocoa,
Vermicelli,
Vioegar,
Wooden ware,
Wicks,
Yaokee :ans,
Yeast Cakes,
Best Varieties of Coffee.
Of conree one necessity for the making of good coffee is the coffee bean itself. Of
these there are many different varieties, chief among which are those produced in
Brazil, commonly koown a9 Rio coffee; that which comes from Java ; and tbe Ara
bian coffee, known as Mocha. Of these, tbe two latter are most highly esteemed ;
and a blend, or mixture, of Mocha and Java is considered perhaps better than any
other, although there are many favorite blende and mixtures suited to different
taste? ; one of the must celebrated of those is called Momaja It is composed of the
fioe?t varieties ef coffee carefully blended bet?re roasting, so that tbe various flavors
are deliciously combined.
-:o:
MAKING COFFEE.
Tt should be fresh made. Fifteen minute3 will dissipate the delicions aroma, and
render it comparatively worthless slops. This is the reason why it is so difficult to
get good coffee at many hotels and restaurants The persons charged with tbe duty
of making the coffee do not like to take the trouble to make small quantities often.
There are many different methods of making coffee. The simplest of them are good
enough if the coffee is ftesb roasted, fresh ground, fresh nade. The ordinary French
filtering coffee-pot is perhaps the most convenient but good coffee can be made in
an ordtoary tio coffee-pot, pail, or cup, if the foregoing conditions are observed as
follows :
Grind moderately a large cup or small bowl of coffee; break into it oae egg with
shell ; mix well, adding enough cold water to thoroughly wet tbe grounds; upon
this pour one pint of boiling water ; let it simmer (not boil) slowly for ten to fifteen
minutes, according to the variety of the coffee used and tbe fineness to which it is
ground. Let it stand three minutes to settle, theo pour through a fine wire sieve
int? a warm coffee pot ; this wiil make enough for four persons. At table, first put
the sugar into the cup, then fill half-full of boiling milk, add your eoffee, and you
have a delicious beverage that will be a revelation tc many poor mortali who have
an indistinct remembrance of, and an intense longing for, an ideal cup of coffre. Jf
cream can be procured eo much tbe better, and in that case boiling water can be
added either in the pot or cup to make up for the space occupied by tbe milk as
above; or condensed milk will be found a good substitute for cream.
:-: SPECIAL :-:
Choice Pig Hams, Cut loaf Sugar, 5 lb Bucket Preserves,
New Evaporated Apricots and Apples,
To Ensure Satisfaction,
Use Superlative Flour. New California Raisins. Vestal
Oil, absolutely safe, 20c. gal 1 lb. Cans Corn Beef, 121a,
2 lb. Can 20c. Egg Custard, 16 Desserts for people only
40c. a box. Cross & Blackwell and Gordon & Delworth's
Jams and Marmalade, only 25c. per jar.
Panacea Cigars,
The best in the city for 5c. $2 for 50.
California Pears,
Peaches, Apricots and Cherries, Sutler Brand, Finest in
the World. Try a can.
Chipped Beef,
Lunch Tongue, Boned Chicken, Crab meat with Shells,
and Dandicolle and Gandin Sardines.
Plantation Supplies.
Wholesale prices in whole Packages.
Pic nie Hams and Pickled Corn Beef, Duke's Durham
Smoking and Fine Cut Chewing Tobacco. "Momaja"
Fresh Roasted Coffee, ground line if desired, 35c. per lb.
Fresh Crackers and Cut Cake received
weekly,
Respectfully,
Suinter, S. C
Charleston, Saiterat? Nt?ern . R
CHAS. E. KIM BALL, Rbcbi7ER
A
EFFECT MARCH 2, 1892".
daisy EXCEPT sunday
North Bound J No. 3 JNo. 27[No. 3l|No. 33
? Lr Charleston
Lv Pregnall's
Lv ffarleyrille
Lr Pecks
I Lr Holly Hill
Lv Connors
Lv Eutawville
Lv Bel vid ? re
Ar Ferguson
Lv Eotawrille
Lv Vanees
Ar Vanees
Lr Snell's
Lr Parlors
Ar Harlin City
Lr Merriam
Lr St Paul
Lv Sommertoti
Lr Silver
Lr Packsville
Lr Tin dal
Ar Som ter
Lr Sumter
Lv O s we g o
Lv St. Charlee
Lv Elliotts
Lr L?mar
Lr Syracuse
Lr Darlington
Lr Moot Clare
Lv Bobbins Neck
Lv Manderille
Ar Ben net's vi ?le
Ar Fayetrillc
a. m.
6 50
8 00
8 2?
8 28.
8 34
8 42
8 52
9 0
9 20
9 26
9 35
9 43
9 56
IO 12
10 15
10 29
10 43
10 52
11 08
11 25
11 40
11 56
12 08
12 23
12 d?
2 57
p.m.
a. m. ja. ni,
8 55
9 08]
9 20
00
11 23
11 33
11 55
. .
a.m.
8r 08
8 28?
8 43
9 00
a.m. p.m.
daily except sunday.
South Bound [No. 2 {No. 28|No. 32|No. 34
Lr Fayettville
Lr Beonettsville
Lr Mandeville
Lv Rob bin s Neck
Lv Mont Clare
Lv Darlington
Lv Syracuse
Lv Lamar
Lr Elliott
Lv St. Charles
Lr Oswego
Ar Sumter
Lr Sumter
Lv Tindal
Lr Packsriile
Lr Silver
Lr Summerton
Lr St Paul
Lr Merriam
Lr Harliu City
Lr Par lore
Lr Snell's
Ar Vanees
Lr Vanees
Lr Ferguson
Lr Belridere
Ar Eutawrille
Lr Eutawrillt
Lr Connors
Lr Holly Hill
Lr Pecks
Lr Harleyrille
Lr Pregnall's
Ar Charleston
m.
2 11
a.m.
25
39
54!
06?
20
35
53
06
15
30
43
45
59
10
20
33
39
51!
a m.
8 07
8 19
8 25
8 32
8 35
? 50
9 00
10 20
p.m.
9 35j
9 50
10 05
a.m.
.m
7 15
7 37
7 48
8 10
05
fi 35
5 40
S 00
a.m. I p.m.
THROUGH SCHEDULE C. S. k N. R. R.
Leave Charleston
M Pregnalls
" Sumter
" Darlington
" Fayettville
" Greensboro
Arrive Richmond
" Washington
M Baltimore
" Philadelphia
" New York
6 50 A. M.
8 00 "
10 15 "
11 40 11
3 00 P. M.
11 54 u
7 40 A. M.
8 38 "
10 30 "
12 35 P. M.
3 20 "
E. D. KYLE,
J. H. AVERILL, Geo'l Pass. Agent.
General Manager.
"OLD ESLIA BLE" LINS.
South Carolina Railway
AND LEASED LINES.
D. H. CHAMBERLAIN, Receiver.
SU
Passeuger Department?Condensed Schedule.
In effect Jan. 17, 1892.
MAIN LINE.
west?daily.
A.M. A.M.
6 00
6 50
7.30
7.45
6.50
7.28
7.58
Leave Charleston,
" Summervilie,
" Pregnall's
" George's
Arrive Branchville, ^8.15 8.30
Leave Branchville 9 00 8.35
" Bamberg 9 28
" Grahams 8.4?
" Black ville 10.00
" Aiken 11.02
" Gr*HiteviHe 11.15
A rri ve A ugusta, 11.50
east?daily.
A.M. P.Si.
8.00
8 36
8 50
10 00
10 20
10.31
10.59
11 00
11.31
11.45
12.27
1.15
AND
P.M.
5.00
5.57
6.39
6 53
7-25
Leave Augusta,
?? Graniterille
" Aiken
" Blackville
" Gratinine
" Bamberg
Arrive Branchville
Leave Branchrille,
" Georges
M Pregnall's,
" Summerrille 10.25
Arrire Charleston, 11.05
COLUMBIA DIVISION
9.15
9.40
9.52
P.M.
4.30
5.05
5 25
6.28
6 48
7 00
7.30
7.40
8.1fi
8 28
9.07
9 50
P.M.
615
6.54
7.25
?8 00
8.15
8.4i
8.56
9 15
10 23
10.37
11.15
P.M.
815
*
8 58
9.36
10.20
CAMDEN
BRANCH.
daily.
P.M.
7 35
8 10
8 34
9.00
9.45
A.M.
8.35
9.11
9 32
10.00
10.05
10.30
10 45
11 25
10 50
A.M.
8.55
8.20
7.58
7-33
Lr Branchrille Ar
Lv Orangeburg Ar
LvSt Matthews Ar
Lr Kingrille Ar
Lr Kingville Ar
Lr Cam. June. Lv
Lr Claremont Lv
Ar Camden Lv
Ar Columbia Lv ^6.50
P.M
8.10
7.36
710
6 3
6.?9
5.46
5.33
5. 0
600
?[Meal stations. * Will stop to let ell pas
sengers.
Additional trains dally leave Colombia
9.00 a. m., arrive Kingville 9.50 a. m. Leave
Kingville 6.43 p. ra., arrive at Colombia 7 35
p. ci.
COLUMBIA, NEW BERRY k LA?RENS RY.
daily?except sunday.
P.M.
3 30
4.21
5 37
6 13
6 44
8 30
Lv Colombia Ar
Lr Irmo Lr
Lr Little Mountain Lr
Lr Prosperity Lr
Lr Newberry Lr
Ar Clinton Lr
CAROLINA CUM. GAP k CHICAGO R. R.
daily?except sunday.
A.M.
11 00
10 09
9 00
8 24
7 56
6 30
P. M.
6.10
6.49
7 05
7.15
8.00
8.15
A M.
9.15
9 15
9 00
8.45
8.00
7.45
Lr Angusta Ar
Lv Graoiteville Lv
Ar Aiken Lr
Lr " Ar
Lr Trenton Lr
Ar Edgefield Lr
THROUGH TRAIN SERVICE.
Through Trains daily between Charleston
and Augusta, between Charleston and Co
lumbia and between Columbia and C.ttu
den. Through Sl<*ep*?r3 between Charles
ton and Atlanta, leaving Charleston 6.15
p. m.?arrive Atlanta 6 30 p. m. Leave
Atlanta 11.15 P. M.? arrive Charleston 1.15
P. M. Pullman Buffet Chair Car daily be
tween Cnatleetow and Columbia?Leave
Charleston 6.50 a. m., arrive Columbia 10.05
a. m. 1/eave Columbia 6 p. m., arrive Charles
ton 10 20 p. m.
Connections ?t Charleston with Clyde
Steamship Co. for New York Mondays
Wednesday and Friday. For Jacksonville
Mond?_\8. Thutsdays and Saturdays. At,
Columbia dully with R k D. R. R. to and
from Washington, New Yotk and points East
and North. At Columbia daily except with |
R. A D R R (C. k O. Dir.) "to and from
Green rille and Walhali.-i. At Augnata daily j
with Ga. R. R, Central R. R. and P. R. k |
W. C. Ry. At Cnmden daily with C. C. k C.
R. R. Through train to and from .Morton. N.
C. and Blacksburg. Forfuitber information
apply to
E P. WARING,
C M Warp, Geu'l Pass. Agent.
Gen'l Mautrer._
FIRST MS JOB WORK
AT BOTTOM PRICES
wATmiAin ms mutism m office
Atlantic Coast Line*
COLUMBIA AND
AUGETSTA ?. R.
TRAINS GOINxJ SOUTH.
Dated Afcircb 27". I8tf2. |No. 23j2i.?. 27|Ne. l>
L've Wilmington..
Leave Marion..?
Arrive Floren<?..?
Leave Florence....
Ar've Somter.
Leave Sum?er_...
Ar've Columbia.
P. A . P. M
* fr25l*I0 LO
9 tt\
10 15
No. 5fi
A M
*3 20
4 35
4 35
6 15
12 40
1 20
A M
So 52
*9 43
10 ibi
A. to.
4 5?
ft 45i
7 22
A. M.
No. 58
T7 57
9 2&
See notvn for additional traine.
No. 52 runs through ?rom Charleston vi?
Central R R.
Leaving Loots- 8*32. A. 5L, Maaaiag 9;?
A. ?.
Train on C. <? D. R, R. connecte at Florent?
?ritb No. 58._
TRAINS ? ? NORT?
fNo. ggto. ggo. 5?
Leave Columbia......
ar've Somter...?.
Leave S c m ter
Arrive Florence.....
Leave FI area ce......
Leave Marion........
Arr. Wilmington....
S*e notes for add
M
10 45
A M
12 04
i, ?2 94
I 15?
? II
No. 78
*5 99
M
* 6 0?
8 56j
inonal trains
7 25
M
? 4*
No.. _.ei4
- *1 3^*10 2*
5 ?ff 2 151 11 92
5- 6r|: ? 5*
Daily. fDa?ly except Sooday.
No. 53 runs through to Cbarleeten, ?. C, via
Central R. R., arriving Manning 8:05 P. M.,
Lanes 8:45 P. ., Charlee** 10.30 P. M.
No. 59 connects at Flo rea ce with 6. aad ?.
rain fro? Caeraw ani Wadesbeeo.
Nos* 78, 66* and 14 make cinse connection at
Wilmington with W. ?W.E. K. for all poiats
fforth.
Trains on Florence R. R.. and SouAer? ?ft
rieion, Wilson and F?yetteville ?ranen, leaee?
Pee Dee Junction 8 35 a. m., an ive Rowland
11:40 a.m., Fa jet t ville 5.15 p. m> Returning:
eave Fayettt ville 7.30 a. m.. arrive Kowrand
1215 p. m., Pee Dee Junction 4.00 p. m. Daily?
>xcept Sunday.
Train? on Mandater Angosta . R. leave
Somter daily except Sunday, 19:50 A. M*. ar
rive Rina ra i 11.59.* Returning leave Rimisi
12:30, P. M., arrive Snmter 1:40 P. M
Trains ob Ilartsvflle R. R. leave Hwrtvi?fa
daily except Sunday at 5 55 a. m, arriving:
FNyds 6.40 a. m. Returning leave Floydf 3.10
p. ., arriving Uartsville 3 50 f. m.
Train8 en WSmngten Caadboura and ??
way railroad, leave Chad bourn 10.39- a. ?.
arrive at Conway 1.29 p. m , returning leara
Runway at 2-29 . m., antre Cfcadbonrn 5-2?
m. Leave Chad bonra 715 a. a. a* ? Sj?>9>
p. m., arrive Hub at 8 SO a. m. ?od 925 p.m.
h et urning leave Hob 909 a. a?, and 6.45 p. m.
arrive at Chadb?nrn at 945 a. m. and 7-30 p,
m. Daily except Sunday.
JOHN F. DIVINS, Oeaeral Sn^t.
J. R. KKNLY. Gen'l Manager.
T. M. EMERSON. Traffi - Manager.
Atlantic Coast Line?
NORTH-EASTERN R. R. or S. C.
CONDENSED SCHEDULE,
TRAINS GOING SOUTH.
Jan 31 r92|No. 15jNo. 23|No 27|Ne. 6I|No. 53
Le Fl'nee
" Ringst
Ar Lanes.
Le Lanes.
Ar. Ch'n
A.M.
*7 42
9 08
9 08
10 52
A.M.
M.
10 35
11 49
12 15
12 15
2 40
A. .
A.M.
*1 35
2 50
2 50
5 00
A. .
A.
*8 05
9 32
10 00
P.M.
10 00* 8 2
11 59
A. .
10 30
A.M.
Train on C. A D. R. B.
enee with No. ? Train.
cou sects at Flcr
TRAINS GOING NORTH._
jMo. 66?Xo. 60|No. 78|No. 14|No. 52
Le. Ch'n
Ar Lanes.
Le Lanes
44 Kiogst.
ArFl'nc*
A. M.
9 47
11 45
11 46
12 05
1 16
P.M.
P. M.
* 4 29
6 35
6 35?
6 56i
8 15
P. M.
A. M.
* 1 ?0
3 25
3 25
3 43
4 45
A. M.
P. M.
*7 01
8 38
8 38
8 56
9 55
P. M.
A.M.
6 50
8 27
A. H.
* Daily, t Daily except Sunday.
No. 52 runs through to Colombia
via Central R R. of S. C.
Nos. 78,66 and 14 rnn 8ol;d to Wilmington,
N. C, making close connection with W.
R. R. for all points north.
J. R. KKNLY, J. V. DIVINE,
Gen'l Manager. Gen'l Sop't.
T. M. EMERSON, Traffic Manager.
CHARLESTON & SAVANNAH
RAILWAY.
Schedule in effect Jan. 4, 1892
Time at Charleston, 75th Meridian.
Time South of Charleston, 90tb Meridian.
SOUTHWARD.
35 23 27
P. M. A. M. A. M.
Lv. Charleston 2 15 1 45 4 00
Arv. Wnlterbo' 5 10
Arv. Yemassee 3 38 3 09 5 04
Arv. Savannah 5 5 5 05 6 44
NORTHWARD.
14 66
P.M. A.M.
2 10 4 30
1 55
3 41 6 21
15
A. M.
11 13
1 40
12 07
1 5$
P.M.
78
P.M.
9 ?
A.M.
12 56
36
A.M.
Lv.Savn'h 9 15
Lv. Walt'bo 9 30
Lv. Yem'stett 08
P.M.
Av.Ch'lsfn 3 38 6 36 9 32
Traina 35, 36, and 66, stop at all sta tiene.
Train 15 stops on signal at Jackeonbrro and
Hardeville with recolar stops at Green Bond,
Vernasse and Ridgeland.
23, 27, 14 and 78, 15, 66, 36 and 35, dai!**.
Connection for Walter no ro made by trains
15 and 35, daily except Sunday. Connec
tion for Beaufort, S. C , made with P. k A.
Ry., at Yemassee by trains 15 daily and 35
daily except Sunday.
P. McS^INBY,
C. S. GAOsm.n, Q P. A.
Sopt.
Mestoli, -Ciaciiati & Chicani
Railroad.
D. H. CHAMBRR?.AK, Receiver.
PASSENGER DEPARTMENT.
Schedule in eff ct FEBRUARY 27, 1892.
North daily 33
Sooth daily 32.
6 55 a m
9 00 a ra
11 10 a m
12 49 m
1 20 m
1 44 m
2 20 m
3 16 ra
Ar
Lv Cnarlestoa
" Columbia "
" Ca roden 41
" Lancaster 44
" Catawha JcL 14
" Rock Hill 44
44 Yorkville *'
Ar Blackshnrg
m 10 20
m 7 37
m
ra
m
m
m
m
500
3 41
3 11
25S
2 20
1 10
Daily except Sonday.
North No. 33. Sooth No. 32.
4 00 m Lv B?acksbnrg Ar ra 12 40
5 00 ra 44 Shelby 44 a a 11 40
6 50 ra 4 Ruth?rfordton 44 a m 9 10
8 05 m 44 Marion 44 a m 7 30
Sondar Only.
North No 33. South No. 32.
4 ?)0 m Lv Blacksborg Ar m 12 40
?? Shelby 14 ra 12 02
14 Rt?herfordton 44 a ra 10 50
M Marion 44 am 9 40
No. 32 connects with R. ? D. R R at Reck
Hill. No. 33 connects with R. & D. R. R. at
Blackshurg
C. M. Ward, E P. WARRIKG,
Ge". Man P A.
4 5 m
5 50 m
7 00 a m
GAMECOCK Cin MARKEL
Beet Pori. Sassaie ani imi M
EVERY DAY.
Give me a Cali.
W. J. DAWSEY.
LIBERTY ST.NLXT TO POST OFFICE.

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