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4*Be Just and Fear not-Let all the^Ends thon Aims't at, b? thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's."
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established Jone, 1268.
Consolidated Aug. % 1881.
SUMTER, S. C., "WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 31, 1894.
New Series-Vol. XIII. No. 27.
tytfflt?fym at? M|m
IST. ca-. Ofiteen,
Two Dol?an* per ano em-in advance.
One Square first insertion-. -?$1 00
Every subsequent insertion ?T?- 50
Contracts for three months, or longer will
be made at red seed rates.
AH communications which subserve private
interests will be charged foras adver tisements.
Obituaries and tributes of respect will be
TH Iii OF IITIR,
SUMTER, SJ ?; ;
CITY: AMK (?wOTwi)BPOfflTf^a^
Teeosact? ?-general Baaktag koajaese
A SaviigsBank Department?
Dsposits of $1.00 ana upwards received.
Interest calculated at the rate of 4 per cent,
per annum, payable quarterly.
W..P. B. HAYNSWORTH,
W.' P. RHAJO, ; President.
THE SB0SM sinoslL BISE
STATE. CITY AND COUNTY DEPOSI?
TORY, SUMTE*, S. C.
Paid np Capital ..... $75,000 00
Surplus Fund. 11,500 00
Liabilities of Stockholders to
depositors acecordiog to . the
law governing National Banks,
in excess pf their stock . . $75,000 00
Transacts a General Banking Business.
Careful attention given to collections.
Deposits' of $1 and upwards received. In?
terest allowed at the rate of 4 per cent, per
annum. Payable quarterly, on first days of
January. April, Joly and October.
R. M. WALLACE,
L. S. CAESON, President.
Aug 7. Cashier._
RICE MILLS, CORN MILLS,
RICE PLANTERS and RICE MILLERS can
"buy a single machine, that will clean, hull
and polish rice ready for market for $350.
Corn millers can buy., best FRENCH BURR
MILL, in iron frame, folly guaranteed-ca?
pacity ten bushels meal per hour for $115.
Saw millers can buy best variable friction
FEED If ILL from $190 np to the largest
size, also Gang Rip Saws, Edgers' Swing
Saws, Planing Machines and all other Wood
Working Machinery. Also
- Talbott'8 Engines and Boilers.
Special discounts made to cash purchasers
Can meet any competition, quality considered
V. C. BARHAM,
Apr 19-o COLUMBIA, S. O.
OF NEW YORK, THE LARGEST M0NIED
INSTITUTION IN TEE WORLD.
- Take your Accident Policy in the
Insure against Fire in
OF NEW YORK.
OF NEWARK, N. J.
THE INSURANCE CO., OF
THE QUEEN OP AMERICA.
THE PHOENIX ASSURANCE
THE NORWICH UNION
THE MECHANICS AND
TRADERS of N. O.
All First Class and represented by
A. WHITE & SON,
Fire Insurance Agency,
Represent, among other Companies ;
LIVERPOOL k LONDON k GLOBE,
NORTH BRITISH * MERCANTILE,
HOME, of New York.
UNDERWRITERS' AG EUC Y, N. T.,
LANCASTER INSURANCE CO.
Capital represented $75,000,000.
J08. F. RHAME. WM. C. DAVIS.
RHAME & DAVIS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
MANNING, S. C.
Attend to business in any part of the State
Practice in U. S. Courts.
Tillman on the Campaign.
The Governor, gives his views on
Governor Tillman has at last spoken
out bis views and ideas about the oom
ing campaign and the matter of holding
an early convention, and they make
interesting reading. For the past two
weeks the people jtf Jfe. entire State
have, had their eyes torn ed towards
Washington, on account of the open let
tera and other communications recently
sent out from there by Senator 'Irby,
and others, and on account of the recent
conferences of the Tillman leaders held
in that city Deep interest has been
taken in the subject and results of
Governor Tillman's visit to Washing?
ton, he having attended these confer?
ences, and yesterday afternoon upon
Eis return to the city he was approach -
ed and asked for. as interview on the
subject. Ee talk ed quite freely.
"In the first place/' said he, "I de?
sire to state that my visit to Washing?
ton had nothing to do with the preval?
ent discussion on the subject of a con?
vention. I had interjded to go to that
city before the Legislature metr have
been arranging my business with a
view to that visit. I desired, and took
y ny wet* ?K
felt that now. if ever, wheo our people
sr^s9 <&st?tbte, they
should have the benefits of this pit?
tance in their distress.
*. Another purpose.of my visit was to
appear before the judiciary committee of
the House in support ' of legislation
lookiog to relief from the usurpation of
the United States judges in the matter
of receiverships, taxes on railroads, etc
I also-had a pleasant conference with the
commissioner of internal revenue, Mr.
Hiller, with a view to explaining the
situation io the State amongtbe small dis
tillers, anil I made an effort to enlist the
snpport of the commissioner in a project
I have for establishing a hooded ware?
house at Colombia where all of the
small distillers could store their liquor
after^aTebase^by ?*e>' StWs? ?hat we
could age it before entering into con?
sumption and before paying the tax on
it. I directed the attention of the com?
missioner to this matter with the hope
of having him given authority by Con?
gress to do this (for he does not possess
it now as I am informed), and he took
very kindly to the idea, especially wjien
I assured htm that if we coujd nod
steady and quick- sale for all th? liquor
that is made in the State, it would
largely iocrease the revenues of the
"But Governor, what about South
Carolina politics ?"
"Well as the impression has gone
abroad from our enemies that I went
there solely with a view to have a con?
ference with Senator Irby and our mem?
bers on this all-absorbing topic, I will
be very frank with yon. In the first
place, speaking for myself and for all of
those who represent us in Washington
and wbo participated in the conference,
we desire it to be distinctly understood
that we do not assame to do more than
give expression to oar views and offer
advice to the people whom we represent
as to the best coarse to pursue. I
found that there has .been a desperate
effort by our enemies to sow seeds of
discord among the leaders of the Reform
movement both here and in Washing?
ton. Those of us, who were present in
the conference that was beld, after a
full discussion of existing conditions and
consideration of the question in all its
bearings, arrived at the conclusion that
the agitation for an early convention
and the calling of one are unwise."
"But, Governor, I thought it was un?
derstood that you favored a conven
"No; there you are mistaken. I
have given the matter serious thought
and have always doubted the propriety
and wisdom of a convention. There
are strong arguments io its favor look?
ing from a certain standpoint, but there
are stronger argumeots as against it
when we consider the situation as a
whole. I dislike to discuss this ques?
tion in any spirit other than from a
disinterested and impartial standpoint,
and my only excuse to the people for
obtruding my opinion upon them (and
I will say here that it is the opinion,
after deliberation among all of our
friends in Washington) is that I, as the
acknowledged leader and exponent of
the Reform movement, could with
more propriety assume to advise the
people than any other one man. In
the first place it must be remembered
that the fundamental principle underly?
ing the Farmers' Movement io South
Carolina, and the issue I made more
prominent than any other in the cam?
paign of 1890, was the demand for a
primary election at which each and
every voter should have the opportunity
of voicing bis own wishes as to those
who should be put io office ; and we
went so far in that direction as to
incorporate io the March platform the
demand for such primary and a joint
canvass by tbose who sought the
suffrages of the people. I consider that
that issue alose was paramount in the
minds of the people in the unanimity
with which they rallied to my support,
and that si) others were of minor im?
'Now, this demand for a coo ven ti01
among Reformers arises from a de
sire-an honest one 1 'tu ready to ad
mit-on the part of many, to preven
wrangling in oar own ranks sod con
c?ntrate ocr forces io support of SOON
one candidate Bot what theo become!
of too grand principle of a free, fail
sod open fight , before the people, soc
discussion by the candidates, if snell
convention be held ? Io 1890, after be
iog defeated io the campaigns of 188C
aod 1888 by reason of oar disorganized
condition, the ^Reform Democratl de?
cided to neet io co ove ut i on, io ordei
to pit orgaoisatioo against organ ixatioE
sod to for?e s discussion of the issues
because nearly all the newspapers were
agsiost os. The ring, st tbst time,
had foll possession of ell the party
machinery. They were entrenched in
the State House, and it was felt neces?
sary to formulate a platform and pot
forth exponents of the principles de?
clared io tbst platform, to canvass the
State sod aroose the people to carry
those principies to victory. Toe coo
ditioo8 sre entirely changed now. The
Reformers are io absolute possets ion ol
the government, beth io State sod
county, except in s half s dozen ooeo
ties. We have the entire party ma?
chinery io our possession sod, if we
bold s convention without s campaign
10 which all the candidates shall bate
11 bearing, we stultify ourselves, fore?
stall toe will of the people, assume to
dictate who shall be toe candidates for
i.be offices and, in troth, such s conven?
tion would be, in the light of facts, s
ooo ve D tion of Reformers. The machine
which we fonght in 1893 is dead ; it no
"Well Governor, what about the ar?
guments in favor of a convection ?"
. 'There is only one argument, and
t hat is this : With, say, half a dozen men
prominent io the Reform movement,
nnd allied with it, all ronning for ? the
office of Governor, it might be possible
for our opponents to give their
8tr3ogth to some one of those who
would be least objectionable and most
inclined to trade with them, or make
concessions if elected, and, thereby,
the Conservatives tn some of the conn?
ues and possibly in the State conven?
tion, might hold the balance of power.
This is the only argument that has pre?
sented itself to me and I think it is the
only ooe that has presented itself to
any one ; bot I think the people are suf?
ficiently educated and can be relied
upon to watch tho words and remem?
ber the records of the various candi?
dates so as to choose wisely who shall
be Governor and who shall fill the
"On the one hand, if we hold a con?
vention, the trouble is that a large con?
tingent of onr people, a majority prob?
ably, would take no hand in it, for it is
very early, and there are t?o signs of
any perturbation among the masses,
although there ts a vast deal of effer?
vescing in the ta i Dds of "those who want
to get office. Io due time, after the
crops are laid by or, at least, after they
are well under way, the issues of the
coming campaign, which I take to be
?the dispensary law and the holding of
a constitution^ convention, will be
thoroughly discussed by Reformers
and antis ; and the people will no doubt
elect such men as will carry out their
If, after four years and discussion
and agitation, and another canvass,
our people shall not have become suf?
ficiently educated to make a wise se?
lection and see that only good men are
put on guard I fail to see how the hold?
ing of a convention and forestalling
their action will better our condition.
The danger of some weak man, who is
Sacking in back-bone and nerve to con?
tinue and perfect the reforms whioh have
been inaugurated during my incum?
bency, being elected, is as nothing com?
pared to the danger of the people feel*
lng that they have been betrayed and
that office is the paramount object
rather than the welfare of the common?
-"To return to the convention system,
after proclaiming our belief in the abil?
ity and right of the people to govern
themselves, is like a dog returning to
bis vomit, and I would be ashamed to
go on the stump as the nominee of
uuch a convention. Let the men who
desire to rule South Carolina win their
spurs, as I wob mine, by open discus?
sion and a fair fight, and all will be
well. Let any self-constituted leaders
undertake to call a convention and
nominate a ticket, and the order to the
army of Reformers to advance will
only be obeyed by a small contingent.
Demoralisation and recrimination will
surely follow and, while the thirty thou?
sand Conservatives are ranged in ser?
ried phalanx, moving as one man, the
Reform forces will be scattered and di?
vided. If we cannot trust the people
they should not trust us ; and if my ad?
vice bas any weight, they will absolute?
ly refuse to countenance SD" attempt to
ob eat them of the right ot seeiog the
aspirants for office face to face and
judging them on their merits."
I do not wish to say more, and in
justice to myself sod those who hs ve
trusted ns, I cannot say less. Of
coarse if thc people want to hold a con?
vention it is their right, and they will
do so soy way. No one oso object,
lesBt of all thc candidates." 1
A Flagrant Spy Outrage.
A special to the State, dated Charles?
ton, Jan. 24, states all indications
here point to bloodshed, which will
grow oat ofjtbe enforcement of the new
An incident occurred to-day which
nearly precipitated a riot. The whiskey
constabulary started out io the morning
and raided the grocery store of W. F.
Jordan a well to do and highly respect?
able merchant. When they were loot?
ing the place, Mr. Geo. S. Legare,
wbo is Jordan's lawyer, came down
and attempted to see his client. The
constabulary arrested him, and by their
directions he w?s taken to the police
station in the Blaek Maria. Later in
the day tbe spies raided the grocery of
A. C. Nolte, 26 Vaoderhorst street.
Mrs. Nolte was the only one in and
she stood at the door and forbade them
to enter. One of the spies named
Elliott, it is said, slapped her in the
face, and the posse started to enter.
Instantly, as if by magic, a body of
100 apparently respectable white men
appeared oo the scene and for a few
moments it looked like a case of lynch?
ing. Fortunately the police station
wis not far off and the chief of police
with a squad of reserves came ap and
guarded the constabulary to the police
station,, the crowd following. Elliott
was subsequently served with a warrant
charging bim with assault and battery.
The crowd which threatened the
constables was clearly notan impromptu
mob. The quick gathering seems to
give color to a rumor that an organiza?
tion has been formed to resist the
tyrannical and odious dispensary law,
and a collision is likely to occur at any
time. The constables, when they start
oat on a raid, are now guarded by a
squad of policemen. The situation is
MOKE ABOUT THE OUTRAGE.
Another dispatch to the same paper,
ander the same date says : The first
riot caused by the attempt to enforce
the new dispensary law occurred to
night. A body of five hundred angry
citizens proceeded to the lodging house
where the spies boarded, with the inten?
tion of lynching them. The police,
however got wind of the affair and the
spies got out of thc way. There was a
fustlade of pistol shots and much
excitement- A citizen named Wallie
Bellanceau was wounded in the neck,
but not fatally. The crowd slowly
dispersed, after finding that the spies
were not at home. The feeling here is
EVIDENCE. AGAINST ELLIOT.
CHARLESTON, S. C., Jan. 26.-J. C
Elliot, the whiskey spy, who came near
being lynched on Wednesday for strik?
ing Mrs. Nolte while raiding her house,
was on trial to-day before Justice Bur
net, on a charge of assault and bat?
tery. Elliot was accompanied to the
court house by a dozen spies, all heav?
ily armed and a wagon load of police
also heavily armed, and commanded by
tbe chief, was also on the scene. They
surrounded and took possession of the
court house during the trial, which,
owing to the slowness of the judge,
lasted from ll a. m. until 6 p. m. and
was then adjourned until tomorrow.
The first witness put up was W. H.
Smith, who being sworn, said that be
was left in charge of Mr. Nolie's store
from 1 o'clock on the 24th till Mr.
Nolte returned. Somewhere about
2 o'clock several of the State consta?
bles passed. Elliot came in and asked if
he could search the premises. He
showed no warrant, nor even a badge.
He was referred to Mrs. Nolte. Mrs.
Nolte told him that he must wait till
Mr. Nolte returned. Elliot said he
bad a right to search and struck Mrs.
Nolte on the left shoulder with bis fist.
He then went behind the counter and
searched in the flour barrels. Elliot
was drunk. He supported himself on
his cane and could hardly keep himself
up, He called me back in the store
afterwards and asked me to get Mrs.
Nolte to drop the case against him, and
acknowledged that he struck her.
C. W. Heins was the next witness
sworn. He said that he was in the
store and saw Elliot strike Mrs. Nolte :
did not know what words bad passed
between them before, but he saw the
blow strack and told him (Elliot) so.
Asked if Elliot was drunk, the
witness said ; did not see bim drink
anything, but I smelt whiskey on his
breath. He appeared to be intoxica*
W. H, Meyer said be was at Nolte's
store. He saw Mrs. Nolte, Mr. Smith,
Mr. Heins and Constable Elliot. Did
not see any blow struck. He beard
Mrs. Nolte say, You struck me. El?
liot walked up the store and said :
"Yes, and I suppose there will be
trouble about it." Was standing at
the door on the street. I went right
off. Mrs. Nolte asked that a policeman
be called Elliot was in the store when
witness came up.
Mrs. Nolte said she lived at 24 Vao?
derhorst street. Was at borne at 2
o'clock on Wednesday afternoon. Her
husband was away. A man came in.
She did'nt know him, bat woald know
him again. (Identified Elliot io the
ooort room.) The man asked Mr.
Smith if he eowld search the store. He
was referred to her, and the witness
told him be should weit until Mr. Nolte
. a -
came. Then be Strock me oo tbe left
shoulder with bis doubled ap fist, a
hard blow. Elliot appeared to be
Elliot swore that he did not strike
the woman. His testimony, was; "I
did not speak to Smith. Mrs. Nolte
seemed very mach excited and said she
would kill me if I did not get oat. I
showed my .badge The place was
small and crowded, and possibly I touch?
ed ber accidentally in passing ber.
This ended the evidence. Argument
will be heard tomorrow. No attempt
was made during the day to molest the
spies. They go aronnd in a body now,
all heavily armed. They made no
raids to-day.-Special to The State.
CONSTABLE ELLIOTT PINED-A PARDON
IS PROMISED HIM.
CHARLESTON, S. C., January 27.
Special to Atlanta Constitution
The trial of J. C. Elliot, a whisky spy
whose assault on Mrs. Nolte, a few
days ago, led to a small riot and an
attempt to lynch him, was concluded
to-day before Justice Burnett. The
defendant was convicted of assault and
battery and sentenced to pay a $50 fine
or serve thirty day's imprisonment.
Although perfect peace reigns here,
the air to-night is filled with rumors
stating that the governor has called oat
the militia of the city with a view of de?
claring martial law. The armed white
force of the eity consists of three battal?
ions of infantry, a squadron of cavalry, a
regiment of artillery and a Gatling gun
section. Besides these, there are two regi?
ments, of infantry and one of cavalry,
all colored troops, who constitute the
National Guard. The police force is
also armed with Winchester repeating
rifles, as is the battalion of state
cadets. There are pl eu ty of troops
Before announcing the verdict justice
Burnett said that three witnesses bad
sworn that Elliott was drunk and struck
Mrs. Nolte ; she testified that he struck
ber and that even th?n (during the
trial) she felt the effects of the blow ;
others testified that he struck or pushed
her, while the only denial of the charge
was made by the defendant himself.
lu the face of this direct, positive,
overwhelming proof the Court could not
do otherwise than find the defendant
guilty of assault and battery.
The defense bad not shown than any
of the witnesses should be doubted. It
is probable that the defendant will pay
tbe fiue. This will be reimbursed to
bim by Governor Tillman, who will in
turn take it out of the city's share of
the profits of the dispensary.
CHARLESTON'S SOLDIER RELIED ON.
The latest coup of the governor in
calling out the militia was not expected
here, although it carno in an unexpected
shape. It was generally thought that
the governor would order a regiment of
cavalry from Edgefield or Barnwell
County, where he recruits bis con?
stabulary forces Istead of this he
telegraphed to the captain of the
Washington Light Infantry, the elite
corps of the Fourth Brigade, to know
if bis men would obey the law if they
were called upon. Captain Cogswell,
the commanding officer of the Washing?
ton Light Infantry, is said to be one of
the few Tillmanites in Charleston.
On receipt of the telegram, it is
understood that a meeting of the
officers of the corps was held and an
affirmative answer was sent to the
governor, and that thereupon a sum?
mons was placed on the bulletin board,
in the armory ordering the men to
hold themselves in readiness. The
people generally are somewhat at a
loss to imagine who the light infantry
is going to fight. The conviction of
Elliott, the constable, to-day of assault
on Mrs. Nolte was followed by a
prompt notification from the governor
that Elliott's pardon would be forth?
coming as soon as the records of the
court reached him. lt is thought that
the governor fears that when this
announcement is made another attempt
will be made to lynch Elliott. At
present, however, there are no symp?
toms of a riot to be seen on the surface.
Texas raises 1,200,000 bales of
cotton, which yield nearly $50.000,
000. The cotton seed product exceeds
600,000 tons. The sugar plantations
on the Brazos alone produce 12,000,
000 pounds of sugar and 1,200,000
gallons of molasses. Texas bas
5,000,000 sheep and clips 25,000,000
pounds of wool. The pecan trees of
Texas yield every year 9,000,000
pounds of nuts.
Highest of all in Leavening Po*
It ts an old saying that the twelve
days after Christmas is a forecast of
the year following aod that the weather
is governed thereby. For the infor?
mation of those of that belief we will
give oar observations of the weather
daring those twelve days :
January is to be warm and clear for
thc most part, with some days of
February, very pleasant weather with
very little cold or rain. (This does not
tally with Hiz.)
March, fair weather with wind, some?
what cloudy during latter part.
April, cloudy with wind and rain,
May, very rainy, little fair weather
near middle of month, not much wind.
Jene, clondy and rain interspersed
with fair days ; little wind.
July, cool and clear, followed by
August, fair and warm followed by
September, varying from cold to
pleasant ; sunshine ; cool, clear.
October, cold to freezing some rain
November, rain, warmer, clear, then
December, rain, cold, cloudy and
If this is any sign we are to have
an exceptionally pleasant time all the
year round instead bf the extremely
cold weather that has beeo predicted for
the next two months.
Choosing a County Seat
Politics and hard times have been
forgotten for the time in Berkely Coun?
ty: These and other subjects which
generally engage the thoughtful atten?
tion and absorb the conversation of
the average citizen of Berkeley have
been relegated to the rear, and the
great topic is the new coonty seat.
Of course those residents who live
around the Mount Pleasant side and
are soon to become Charleston ians have
not much interest in the matter. It is
enough for them to know that within
a short time they will come to form a
part of the greatest county in the
State, the county which everyone is
happy to come to and loath to leave.
But with those of the less favored area
the question of the selection of a new
county seat is ot the utmost import.
It means not only that a Court House
and Jail will be built and the head?
quarters of the county of Berkeley will
be established, but it also means that
the fortunate town will be built up,
property will be greatly enhanced in
value thereabout and the place will
enjoy a well-developed boom.
It is altogether uatural, therefore,
that each of . the aspiring hamlets
within the borders of the new county
should be making every effort for
recognition. The candidates for county
seat honors are New England, Pin?
polis and Macbeth. New England City
is the new town laid out by certain
capitalists as. a modern manufacturing
place. Up to this time not many of
the factories have been started, and
the thousands of New Englanders have
not yet arrived, but the company has a
railroad running to Monck's Corner
and expects great things in the future.
New England City offers to build tbe
Court House aod Jail and present
them to the county free.
Pinopolis, which is comparatively a*
modest and unobtrusive village, has
long been known as a delightful
summer resort. It is situated on the
Berk?ley Railroad, between the North?
eastern Railroad and Monck's Corner,
and is thirty-six miles from Charleston
by the dirt road. Pinopolis offers to
give the land for the public buildings.
Macbeth shares the fate of Pinopolis
in being unknown to fame. It ts
situated in the centre of the county,
(from east to west,) is on the main line
of the Northeastern Railroad and about
the same distance from Charleston as
Pinopolis. Macbeth offers to donate
the land for the Jail and Court House.
The Berkeley delegation has decided
to recommend Charles H Wilson, of
Goose Creek ; Peter Nelson, of St.
John's; W. N. Jones, of St. Stephen's;
J. C. Guilds, of St. Thomas and St.
Dennis, and J. N. Wilson, of St. James,
Santee, as the commission to choose the
new county seat, and as soon as the
Governor appoints them things will
begin to get lively in earnest -News
- 11 i -^a^ -
Backten'? Arnica Salve*
The Best Salve in the world for Cats, Braises
Sores, Ulcers, Salt Rheum. Fever Sores, Tetter,
Chapped Hands Chilblains, Coras and all
Skin Emptions, and positively cores Piles, or
no pay required. It ie guaranteed to give per.
feet satisfaction, or money refunded. Price
25cents per box. For sale by Dr. J. F. W. De
rer.-Latest U. S. Gov't Report