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o ?tl) ron
TBK SDMTK? WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850.
"Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy. God's and Truth's."
Consolidated Aug. 2, ISSI.
SUMTER, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 20, 1894.
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Ka ta bl lah ed Jone, 1266
New Series-Yoi. XIII. No. 47.
W$ w? Sontljr?it.
^ibUshed Svtry Wednesday,
IV. G-. Osteen,
SUMTER, 8. C.
Two Dollars per annum-io advance.
One Square first insertion.,.$1*00
livery subsequent insertion,?.. 50
Contracts for three moo tbs, or longer will
be miide at reduced rates.
All communications which subserve private
interests will be charged foras advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of respect will be
Despite the stringency of tbe times,
the Inatitote has bad a fairly prosper?
?os year. With its foll corps of effi?
cient teachers and high standard of
scholarship, it offers advantages for
educating your ladies, eqoal to any col?
lege for women io this State. We in?
tend that it shall grow io efficiency as
it grows io years, and thus command
the continued favor of its patrons, and
commend itself to the favor of all who
have daughters to educate.
For ter GOS and catalogues apply to
H. FRANK WILSON,
March 21 Sumter, S, C.
THE SIMON LrN NAYI08AL BANI
STATS, CITY ' AND COUNTY DEPOSI?
TORY, SUMTES, S. C.
Paid up Capital.$75,000-00
Sarplas Food. 12,500 00
Liabilities of Stockholders to
depositors aeccording to the
law governing National Banka,
in excess of their stock . . $75,000 00
Transacts a General Banking Business.
Careful attention gives to collections.
Deposits of $1 and upwards received. In-1
terest allowed at the rate of 4 per cent, per
annum. Payable quarterly, on first days of
January, April, July aad October.
R. si. WALLACE,
L. S. CABSON, ; President.
Aug 7. Cashier.
LIBERTY STREET, SUMTER, ? O.
WE EAVE FORM&D ? CWHPA-RTS?RS?IP
For the purpose of working Marble aod
mw?, ?tak Etc.,
And doing a Geaeral Business in that line.
A complete workshop has been fitted up OQ
And we are oow ready to execute with
promptness all orders consigned to us. Sat?s
actioo guaranteed. Obtain our price before
placiogan order elsewhere.
W. H. COMMANDER,
G. E. RICHARDSON.
JOS. F. RH AMS. WM.-C. DAVIS.
RHAME & DAYI&
ATT0RNBY8 AT LAW,
, MANNING, a a
Attend to busioess in any part of the State
Practice in U. S. Courts.
G. W.DICK, ?&S.
Office over Levi Bros.1 Store,
nrraxxcc ow 3CAX5 ST?BET.
SUMTER, S. CL
Office Boars-9 to 1 ; 2.S0 to ?.??.
DR J. MAMOMM,
OVER BROWN * BROWN'? STOKES,
Entrance os Maia Street
Between Brown k Brown aad Puraat ii Son.
9 to 1.30; 2 to 5 o'clock.
April 9. 2
A. WHITE & SON,
Fire Insurance Agency,
Represe.-1, among other Companies i
LIVERPOOL * LONDON k GLOBE,
NORTH BRITISH k MERCANTILE,
HOME, of New York.
UNDERWRITERS' AGENCY, N. Y.,
LANCASTER INSURANCE CO.
Capital represented $75,000,000.
ATOT PHELPS & co.,
tend mm m
Sumter, S. ??
Fire, Life, Accident, Steam Boiler, Plate
Glass, Bonds of Surety for persons in posi?
tions of trust, and Liability Insurance in
every branch, written io the very best Amer
cau and Foreign Companies.
Over sixty-five millions of capiial repre?
Office at Messrs. J. Ryttenberg k Sons, 2d
A Manly Statement
When Capt. John G. Capers, of
the Columbia Zouaves was put on
the stand before the Military Court
of Inquiry he made the following
outspoken and manly statement in
reg?r<i to the refusal of the Zouaves
to obey Gov. Tillman's orders. AH
men will respect and honor Capt
Capers the more on account of this
statement, for who does noi admire and
respect a manly man.
I desire to say that at about half
past 4 o'clock- on the afternoon of
March 30 Gen. Richbourg came into
my office, on Law Range, and stated
that he had been instructed by
Governor Tillman to order me to
, assemble my company at the armory
to await further orders. The Gen
I eral said very little about the trou*
j ble at Darlington or the purpose of
our being ordered under arms.
Jost as the General left my office
Col. Watts came in aud repeated
the Governor's instructions, stat?
ing that four men had been killed
at Darlington over the dispensary
law and that citizens were chasing
the constables and if caught they
(the constables) wonld certainly be
killed. I at once appointed Corporal
Craig special messenger and pot
him ou a horse to summon the men
to the armory in fatigue uniform.
In au hour my company was ready
for alignment ? pot Second Lieut.
Beevers in charge of the men and
armory and ordered him to let no
man leave and to admit no visitors
I then went out foraging for informa?
I got no further orders until about
9 o'clock that night, when Gen.
Farley met me tn front of the Caro?
lina Bank and asked me where my
company was. I told him I had a
fall company at the armory where
they had been for four hours. He
then said : "Governor Tillman
directs me to order you to bring
your men down here ready to take
the train for Darlington in twenty
minutes." I saluted him and went
up to the armory and called the
company Co order; delivered the
order and explained its meaning as
I understood it. I gave the men
time to express themselves to their
comrades and then ordered the first
sergeant to fall the men in line
with arms and "count fours." This
was done and as the men called out
their numbers they, with the excep?
tion of four men, fell out of ranks
and put aside their arms and accou?
trement?. The four remaining men
then changed their miods and joined
the men in the declination to form
line and ?arch out.
I then went to Gen. Farley and
Col. Jones, who were together, and
told them that I bad no command as
my men had declined to march out
of the armory. Gen Tarley then
said : -"Capt. Capers, as you have no
command I have no use for you, and
you are dismissed.7'
Now while I know that technically
I disobeyed no orders, bat on the
contrary executed every order given
me, I do not propose to take advan?
tage of the protection such techni?
cality throws around me. I think I
am wholly responsible for the action
of my men, and 1 assume it all.
I The confidence my men have io me
and the consideration they have
I always shown me satisfies me that
my influence with them was very
great, and I told them in no uncer?
tain way that the order looked very
much to me as if the volunteer
militia was being made an arm of
the dispensary constabulary, Win?
chester rifle feature and all, and that
in my opinion, as we were strictly
volunteers and had never enlisted,
we bad a perfect right to quit and
withdraw from any association of
.citizen soldiers whose duty it was to
protect these spies and uphold their
I recited th? scene at the Darling?
ton depot aod expressed my indigna?
tion that we should be called upon
to protect men who had under such
circumstances committed murder
with the arms the State had issued
tuena to enforce the dispensary law.
Candor compels me to say that I am j
satisfied that I could have marched
every man out of the armory, and,
therefore, knowing as I do that my
influence with them was thrown
entirely the other way, my duty at
this time in assuming the responsi?
bility is very clear.
Every member of my company is
a brave man, and they all come from
a long line of people who have in
three wars shed their blood for their
country. Disbanded or reinstated,
they can be counted on at all times
to protect the lives and homes of
our people and the honor of the
They know full well and appreciate
that "duty is the sublimest word in
the English language," and they are
as firm .now in their convictions as
I am, that their duty was to decline
to obey an ill-timed, unnecessary and
unpatriotic order, which in their
judgment would bring about war
among their own people and throw
the State into confusion and blood?
shed and all because a common mur?
derer, fleeing from justice, called for
the protection of the citizen soldiers
of our State.
Mn Tindal Consent?.
Editor The Manning Times :
I had abandoned all expectation of
being a candidate this year for any
office, as I mistrusted my health, and
thought the Reformers wanted a dif
ferent policy from that which I bad
expressed. But I cannot disregard
the wish so kindly and cordially ex?
pressed by my old Reform friends of
Clarendon County-backed np, .as it
is, by so many people in the State at
I profoundly appreciate this high?
est evidence of their confidence, and
will stand as a candidate for Gov?
ernor upon the Reform principles
which 1 have advocated for eight
years. Yours truly,
J. E. TINDAL.
Uncle George Tillman.
One of the latest and most inter?
esting pieces of political gossip
from South Carolina is the rumor
that ex-Congressman George D.
Tillman will be a candidate for gov?
ernor on an anti-Tillman ticket. The
statement is apparently a paradox,
bot it is perhaps correct. George
Tillman is a brother of Ben, the
governor and the Moses of the "re?
form movement" io South Carolina,
but their political ideas are altogether
of different brands. George is a
Democrat of the Democrats, and has
no sympathy with or for new-fangled
political notions. And personally
George Tillman is as different from
his brother as he is politically.
Ben Tillman is not handsome, he is
rather under the size of an average
man, has black hair and a sharp
face with a rather sinister expres?
sion. George*, on the other hand, is
a good looking man. He is big in
body, with a florid complexion, blue
eyes, a broad brow under a mass of
snow-white hair, and open counte?
nance and a general demeanor that is
instantly attractive. He was in Con?
gress for ten years, and would have:
staid there as long as he lived if he
bad not fallen a victim to the craze
brought about by his brother. It
would be a notable circumstance if it
shoald be George Tillman who puts
an end to Tillmanism in South Caroli?
na.- Savannah News.
The Little Fellows Cringed
and Knelt, bat big
Ben Laughed and
With a solemn blare of deep ton?
ed trumpets and awful firmness and
ferocity, Messrs. Evans and El i erbe
were led to the alliance yardstick
like candidates being initiated in the,
Knights of Malta, and commanded'
in voice of awful portent to answer
for their lives. They passed. Then
Tillman was called up. He kicked
the yardstick over, and answered in
efiect that he intended to do about as
be liked regardless of demands and
standards No thunders rolled, nor
did any furious lightnings crash sud?
den upon his head. No armed and
vengeful host sprang forward with
blood curdling yells and sharpened
knives to cut him down where be
stood. The bluff didn't go. He is
very politely told that it is all right,
that his answer is entirely satisfac?
tory, and that the alliance doesn't
seek to bind or pledge anybody to
its demands anyhow.
Contemplating this surprising re?
sult, Messrs. Evans and Ellerbe
may unite-if they can unite in noth?
ing else-in the melancholy chorus
"I think I gare myself away
Without sufficient cause."
What George Tillman Could
Col. George Tillman has not been
heard from yet. If he would only
say, "I am a candidate for Gover?
nor," and go before the people on
his own merits there would be
bushels of fur flying around loose
before the close of the campaign,
aud several premature boomlets would
chase each other out of sight be?
yond the shadows of nowhereland.
The Sally Rifles, composed mostly of
Reformers, have elected Gen. Rich
hourg an honorary member of the com?
pany, niade a request for a life size
picture to hang in their armary and
endorsed bim for Adjutant aud Inspec?
tor General. And now let Reformers
throughout the State show their appre?
ciation of man who fags oot from duty
though he may differ with them on
some issues, support him for the office
suggested, thereby showing to the
oppposition that they do not entertain
that bitter feeling alledged to them
against all of other faith -Lexington
Tillman Determined to Have
It turos oat that Gov. Tillmao caoDOt
use the aonual military appropriation io
armiog the new companies, as was
at first suggested. Arms will be sup?
plied from other surces, as soon as possi?
ble but this will not be at an early day.
In the mean time the new companies
will bave to possess their souls in
The following circular has been issued
to the oew companies :
COLUMBIA, 8. C., June ll, 1894.
Sir : I am instructed by the com?
mander-in-chief to issue the following
circular for the information of the newly
organized military companies. After
the Darlington riot every encourage?
ment was given by the Governor to the
organization of new companies, and to
all such a promise was made that they
would be armed and equipped as soon as
possible. Owing to the policy pursued
by the Adjutant Generals during the
last ten years the State bas very few
first-class arms, and there were none in
stock, so that tn arming new companies
only those were available that were
taken from the companies who refused
to obey the Governor's orders and these
have already been distributed.
The rule adopted in the distribution
was to arm companies in the counties
where none existed. Second, to leave
the arms already in a county where they
were giving them to the new companies
taking the place of the old ones. Third
to arm those companies which came to
Colombia during the riot. Upwards of
one hundred companies have been
organized and officers commissioned,
while the Adjutant General has only taken
arms from about eighteen companies,
thus leaving over eighty still unarmed.
The annual appropriation for the
maintenance of the militia is not avail?
able for the purchase of arms, bat must
be distributed pro rata among the com?
panies already in existence which meet
the requirements of the law. There ts,
therefore, no money at present with
which to buy arms, but in July the ap?
propriation Sjom Congress will be
available for the purchase of arms, and
when the Legislature meets the Gover?
nor will advise an additional appropria?
tion for the purchase of arms.
The commander-in-chief takes this
opportunity of urging the few com?
panies to perfect themselves in drilling,
and to purchase a cheap shirt or blouse
to be used as a uniform. He will exert
himself to the utmost to arm all the
companies he has commissioned as soon
By order of thc commander-in-chief.
H. L. Farley,
Adjutant and Inspector General.
- - i t mm
The ten per cent, tax on State
banks was not repealed by the vote
in the House last Wednesday. Some
i Democrats in Congress seem to be
bigger than the party.
The Party says : "Repeal."
The M. C. says : No Repeal."
And what are we to do about it ?
Keep on losing our golden opportuni?
ties and run against the snag of
defeat in the next election ? It looks
Section 8 of the Democratic plat?
form on which President Cleveland
and a large majority of the House
of Representatives were nominated
and elected reade as follows :
"We recommend that the prohibi?
tive 10 per cent, tax on State bank
issue be repealed."
That plauk of the platform is plain
and simple. But look further. The
Democrats in Congress held a caucus
in April last, at which they took the
following action, without a dissenting
Resolved, That it is the sense of
this caucus that the prohibitory tax
of 10 per cent, on bank issues be
Resolved, That when the bill
known as the Brawley and Spencer
bill, which the Committee on Banking
and Currency has ordered reported
to the House, is called up for action,
an amendment be offered repealing
the prohibitory tax on State banks ;
that ample time be afforded for dis?
cussion, and if necessary to secure
this the Committee on Rules be re?
quested to take proper action.
This is all very plain also.
What is the result ? Seventy-five
Democrats deliberately step off the
platform and defeat the measure.
We believe in sticking to principles.
To the credit of the South Carolina
delegation be it said, they voted
solidly for repeal.
The Charlotte, Colombia and Au?
gusta Railroad is advertised to be sold
iu Columbia on the 10th day of July,
and the sale of the Columbia and Green?
ville Railroad will take place in the
same city, and ou the same day.
Thc Columbia State wants to
know where Tillman's detectives
are 'I They are laid up for
repairs just now, but will be
ready for business when the dispensary
law is again put in operation.-Lexing?
The Registration Law Test
This woroiag the all-important mat?
ter of the constitutionality of the regis?
tration laws of the State was brought up
for argumeot upon the rule to show
cause issued by the Court under the
Wheo toe csuse was called tbe
Attorney General rose aod said that be
knew this was the time set for tbe bear?
ing of the cause, but the State was not
ready to go ahead with the case. He
bad oo time whatever to even make the
return. The supervisor, the respondent
in the case, bad been sick in bed and
bad been served while io bed. In con?
sequence of this none of the papers cf
the case bad reached the hands of the
Attorney General till a short time before
the Court convened. He therefore
made a motion that the case be post?
poned till the next term of the Court.
Mr. Obear, of counsel, representing
the petitioners in the case, replied, say?
ing that to postpone the case till the
next term would deprive his clients of
their constitutions! rights io the coming
election and they would be practically
disfranchised. He hoped that the
Court would take the matter up and
decide the important question involved
prior to the coming general election.
If the petitioner and other men were
entitled to have a say in the election,
they wished to know it in time to
make use of such knowledge. He
urged the Court not to postpone tbe
matter till the next term of the Court.
The Attorney General replied. He
said that the great irreparable injury
that would be done the petitioner in
this case would be the disfranchisement
of a voter who had made no attempt to
obtaio his "constitutional" rights since
1882. It was too near the time of the
adjournment of tbe Court to bring up
aod consider such a grave and serions,
indeed almost revolutionary, question.
No one could get ready in so short a
time to argue such a question. The
State was not to blame. His office was
filled with business. He and his
assistants bad had as much as they
could do. In the last few days they
had been working nearly all night every
night. It was a physical impossibility
to prepare the case. As be had said
the supervisor had only brought the
papers to bim that very day and bad
gone back to bed sick. Besides this he
said the petitioner tiid not even allege
that be bad availed himself of the re?
medies for his case laid down in the
Act. He had not appealed to the Court
of assistant supervisors.
Just here Capt. L. D. Melton, of
counsel for the petitioner, said that as
the return of the State bad not been
made it was impossible to go into the
questions of law involved, and he asked
the Court not to consider anything else
but the question as to whether the Court
felt that it could proceed with the hear?
ing or not. There was no eleventh
hour in the matter of giving a man bis
legal rights. The attorneys could not
bring the matter before the Court
sooner than it was possible. They had
come as early as they could. If the
matter was delayed it would be a very
serious delay and the people could not
enjoy their constitutional principles.
Chief Justice Mciver then asked
Attorney General Buchanan if he not
being ready now, bow soon he could get
ready to have the heariog. Mr. Melton
remarked that he was perfectly willing
to let the State fix any time so that it
was before the general election.
The Chief Justice then said that there
were peculiar circumstances surrounding
this case. They were as Judges put
there to bear causes io their regular
order as prescribed by law. Frequent?
ly, however, they diverged from their
rules to accommodate the members of
the Bar. He did not see, however, bow
they could do so in this instance, having
due regard for the interests of the peti?
tioners and all concerned. He could
not see why the matter had been so long
postponed, why it bad beeo delayed till
the last Monday before the adjournment
of the Court But they would be will?
ing said the Chief Justice, lo overlook
the long delay ordinarily, but they could
not do that DOW io this case without
disregarding the rights of those who had
gone ahead and complied with thc
registration laws and were qualified
under them to vote.
In conclusion the Chief Justice said :
"And therefore the Court grants the
motion of the Attorney General with
this modification, that the return befited
on the first Monday of the next term of
this Court and that a copy of the same
be filed upon the petitioner's attorneys
at least twenty days before the first
Monday of the next terni."-Columbia
Cor. News and Courier June ll.
A Mongrel Party.
The action of the State Democratic
Executive Committee, at its recent
meeting, gives us a queer Demo?
cratic party in South Carolina. It is
a Democratic party sui generis.
The door is open wide for any and
everybydy to come in and take a
band. But after all could anything
else have been expected of a Demo?
cratic Executive Committee mostly
composed of Tillmanites. If they
had 8h ut the door on Wea v?rit?s,
Populists and others of that ilk they
would have decimated their ranks to
such an extent as to ensure their de?
Now it is stated that anybody who
will take the draught the committee
has mixed can have a hand in it. It
is entirely a measure to secure further
foothold in the State for the element
which is running the commonwealth
by a policy which is sapping its
prosperity and putting it outside of
clearly defined Democratic lines.
This is a real serious matter and
should engage the attention of the
substantial people of the State If
the gods are to be destroyed and are
going mad first, in the natural order
of disintegration, well and good?
But if otherwise, the question occurs:
'.What are we going to do about it T
The manner in which the resolutions
to require candidates to abide by the
Chicago platform was voted "out of
sight'7 ?howed plainly that the Till?
manites intend to have a Democratic
party all of their own. Just let them
alone, and as soon as the powder is
burned out of all their pyrotechnic
business the stick will come to the
The Somersault of the Demo?
Wheo one considers the loss to every
business interest that result from the
suspense and disturbance of new tariff
legislation, it is evident to any unpre?
judiced mind that the retention for some
years to come of the McKinley act
precisely as it stands would be greatly
preferable to the adoption of a measure
like the one now pending in the Senate,
which settles nothing either as to princi?
ple or as to practice. The Democratic
party has shamelessly and scandalously
ignored the promise upon which
it came into power to give the
country a tariff oo revenue lines. The
Wilson bill as originally drafted by the
Ways and Means Committee of the
House was a faltering and lame attempt
to take one ic fini itt. i ru al step in the
direction of a revenue tariff But the
amended and revised bill now under
consideration in tho Senate bas retraced
that little step, and the Chicago plat?
form is without a defender in the halls
of Congress. Even Mr. Milla, of
of Texas, while opposing the com?
promise, announces that he will vote
finally for any tariff bill which make a
reduction of duties by the very smallest,
degree. His position is an absurd one,,,
for it means in plain English that Mr..
Mills would justify a disturbance of
business interests that costs the country
hundreds of million of dollars for the
sake of a slight nominal reduction of
tariff rates, wheo the altered rates would,
be jost as effectively protective as they
were before. So loo g as the principle
remains unaltered, nothing whatever is
accomplished by a casual reduction, here
and there, of tariff rates ; and such work
would be the most trifling child's play
but for the mischief it accomplishes.
Curiously enough, the iocome tax holds
its place practically oualtered in the
Democratic scheme The one great
plank of the Democratic platform pro?
nounced protection unconstitutional and
demanded a revenue tariff This has
been repudiated without ~ausc and
without apology. But the Democratic
platform did not mention in any way the
laying of a tax upon incomes, while this
was one of the principal features of
the Populist programme. The Demo?
crats io Congress have new made the
iocome tax their one distinctive teuet.
The country will hardly again in twenty
years accept any pretense from the
Democratio party that it is opposed to
protection, and that party will apparent?
ly be compelled to stand or fall upon a
totally new doctrine which has never
bad a place in its platform except by
way of condemnation of the Republican
income tax of the war period. The
situation is a highly absurd oue, and
the Democratic par'y will have no light
task in adjusting itself to its novel posi?
? mm ? I BM -
Excelsior Baking Powder ie ibe test, be?
cause it is pure, try it. Prepared by Dr. A.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.-Latest U. S. Gov't Report