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IEE SUMTER WATCHMAN. K?t?bli?hfd April. ?S50. "Be Jas: a:ic: Fear sot-Lc! a:! the End? thor, Airas't at. b? thy Country's, thy God's a:ici Truth s." THK TKCE SOCTHRON. E8t?bll?hed jane.
Consolidated Ans. 2,1881.
New Series-Yoi. XIII. No. 4i>.
?ijc oolitdjman ;m?j Soutbron.
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SUMTER, S. C.
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Despite the stringency of the times,
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For terms and catalogues apply to
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March 21 Sumter. S. C.
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E nt rar. c>- on Maia Street
Between Brown k Brown and Durant & Son.
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Apr:! S. 2
A. WHITE & SON. I
Fire Insurance Agency.
Represent, among other Companies :
LIVERPOOLk LONDON k GLOBE,
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H< ?ME. of New York.
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every branch, w.r:tter? in the very best Arnei
ca:i and Foreign Companies.
.'v?r six tv-5 vt; millions af c*;-::*! repre?
oft; ? at Messrs. J. Ry nen berg ?.Sons, 2d
Mch 14 - 0 1
THE STATE CAMPAIGN.
The Events of the Week.
Butler Makes it Interesting for
Ellette and Earns Getting Rot.
[From Augusta Chronicle.J
BENXETTVILLK, S C., June
Gov. Tillman struck out on a new line
at the campaign meeting here today.
This ii? the place where he begao his
fight for reform niue years ago, his
memorable speech against the old "oli
garchv" haring been made in the
Court House here at a meeting of tho
Farmers' Association. Possibly ho
sounded the keynote today of a new
fight that he intends to lead, and that
will take in a much larger aroa than
South Carolina. Ile trumpeted a com?
ing mighty battle for greenbacks, and
'called on the South aud West to drop
all side issues and make the fight on
There were about ?00 persons pres
eut, and the meeting was quiet and
orderly In his speech the Governor
said ; The Republicans are Hamiltonian?
and the antis are at heart Republicans.
They are no more democrats than I am
Cleveland is not honest today or else
he is the most damnable traitor that has i
ever held that seat., shouted the Gov?
ernor amid applause. Cleveland and
his so-called Democratic Congress were
responsible for the poverty stricken
condition of the country England had
bribed Congress through Wail street.
Before they went to Washington and ;
bought the nomination of Cleveland. !
They also bought Harrison's nomina- j
tion. They were happy, and made the j
people pay the piper, no matter which i
oue got elected.
The Governor argued for greenbacks
and asked wby did ^tbe capitalists want
the promise of the Government on a
bond and reject it on a note. He
wanted Uncle Sam to destroy the
uatioual banks, and make gold, silver
and paper payable for all dues, aud go
ahead and turn on a stream of green?
backs that would irrigate this country.
Of coure the opposition would say this
was the rankest heresy, but he did not j
When the State convention met last
year the feeling was uot to send any
delegates to Chicago, or if they did to
instruct them to leave if Cleveland was
nominated. In a caucus he spoke
against this, and >howed the reformers !
the unwisdom of such a course. He '
had then argued that they could not
afford to risk the election of Harrison !
by dividing the National Democracy.
The convention put the Ocala plat- |
form in the State Democracy platform, j
He did not agree wi-.L them, and told \
them so, but that was their right and :
by putting it there the Third Party was |
kept down in South Carolina. Said he. j
"you and I aud two-thirds of the people !
bad a nerve of Third Partyism up our
backs as big as your finger. In other
States the Alliance kicked out of the
party and bad ruined in itself doing so.
South Carolina remained with the
Democracy and was an example to the
other States which are now regretting
that they had not followed our course.
"We are likely to have them follow
our lead if we lead wisely and well, but j
we must not fritter our forces by di- ?
viding on small issues. We must not i
load down our platform with such im- !
practical schemes as are ou the Populist
platform. It we make the fight iu the j
Soutli and West ou the questioo of the j
; Government issuing ail the paper money
aud taking it away from the corpora- ?
I tions, anti making gold, silver aud '?
I paper interchangeable we will wiu.
. The tari ir is a side issue, and so is I
the Government control of railroads. 1
We must leave all those questions out of
: it, and concentrate ali our strength on ?
j the fight for the people's money.*1
The governor recalled the tact that
? he had beguu his attack ou the
i "oligarchy" right here iu Bennetts
j ville nine years ago, yet he did not watt
I to catch the popular side. J Ie ju>t j
? took his stand and somehow the boys
j eaiue right along and ranged themselves j
; around him. Fie was going to be the |
j advance guard sent by the people to j
! ?ake the government fro tu the pluto- !
j craey. He was not responsible for the I
bitterness that had passed betw< eu bim
j and Butler. Ile just pitched back two
rocks for one. He wanted peace but lu;
was not going to be dictated to by a m i -
: u rrj ty. If those who had fought him so
! bitterly were ready to join the church
and would unit calling bim a devil he
was willing to opeu the doors,
i V oice . They want office.''
; Ves, that is what i- the matter with
; them. Le? tl.'-in take back scats and j
i come :u on probation and show they !
... * " -'j
. am t I * ? r revenu- and office and maybe ,
wc will promote them s une time. I do !
not hate these men who hate inc so. I j
. feel s? rry t >r them. They are i enighted j
and have rea i rh-- News and Courier -"j
,?(?r?g that they think 1 am a d vii :
; ( Laughter, j
I I**- governors bund primary was
ij'?t largely participated in, only about
i H1?'.? bauds: being i aist'l i n him He
j had, however, a majority ol ti.-- crowd
I with him.
SKXATOi: HITLER*? SPET.Cll.
(jer?. Butler in ~;iis speech said thar
it) regard to his v n t i r J ir f??r Judge
Sioionton's confirmation ht- asked why
had Gov 'filliiiau not sent .-onie pro?
test to Washington against it. The
governor's mouth ought to be cloded on
'hat score. Judge Simonton was an |
iionesr, upright tuan whom he had j
known for forty years and he could not
get up in the Senate and vote against
him just because Gov. Tillman did not |
The Alliance and the reform party |
were just getting on his platform as he i
had advocated free silver for fifteen j
in the face of the previous expe- j
rience the people had re elected Cleve- l
?and. They knew at the time he would ;
veto a free coinage bill or anything that !
would help the South, it was the j
politicians who had opposed Cleve- i
land. Gen Butler said that if he had ?
anythiug to do with the Democratic
party in the future he intended to read
the riot act and tell the people they
ought to have a man from the West, j
He had in mind a man from that i
section who was with us completely
Till: MI NOK A Sr'I II A NTS
Senator John Gary Evans was the
first speaker for the gubernatorial J
plum. He declared thar the only
Democrats were those who stood on the !
Ocala platform. He said that the !
Supreme Court of this State had legis?
lated more since the reform movement
began than the Legislature had It's
decision on the dispensary was incon?
sistent and could not stand.
Referring to Gen. Eilerbee's attacks
on him he said that the geuerai was a
reformer also, and that he was not go
intr to have any quarrel with him and
that he would not use his gaffs ou a re?
Gen. Eilerbee spoke next and pitch?
ed red hot bails at Evans. Reading
from the House journal he showed that
Evans had voted against Clemson col?
lege with al! the anti-?illman lawyers.
Evans represented the new issue-"the
death bed repentance boys''-and had
fought reform for five years until he
Judge L. R. Hill, of Spartanburg,
appeared on the scene to-day as a can?
didate for Secretary of State. Ile de?
clared that Cleveland was a rank traitor
and that in his county the people would
not support any man who even thought
that Cleveland was honest. They be?
lieved he W?S dishonest. He was not |
after any peace and harmony and if ?
elected the people could rest assured j
that he would take a broom and sweep i
out any antis who might bc around his
The meeting to-morrow will be at
Oats, in Darlington county, ten -jr
twelve miles out in the country from the
county seat. The fact that thc meet?
ing is not to be held at Darlington is
causing a great deal of comment, as
this was the scene cf the dispensary
,T. W. < i.
I) A KLINGTON, S C , June *2S.-The
campaigu meeting at Oat's Grove
twelve miles from here to-day, attracted
the largest crowd that has been at any
of the present series of meetings, near?
ly 2tO0U persous.
There were no town people present
and it seemed to be a thorough Tillman
crowd. The only sign of trouble was
when the Governor charged J. M.
Waddili with being a Wall street cor?
In his speech the Governor declared
he would have been glad to speak at
Darlington court house iu order to show
thc people there that he was not afraid
of them and because he wanted to teach
them some sense, bur the Executive
Committee had willed otherwise.
"i believe I am pure.'' said he, "and
I know the United State- senators are
rotten.'' He declared that Congress
has riveted more tightly the shackles
about the ankles of the people and they
had perpetrated an infamous, dam?
nable rascality in repealing the pur?
chasing clause ot thc Sherman act.
The Democratic party is dead, assassi?
nated by Grover Cleveland Wall
street has agents travelling over this
State trying to buy your senatorship.
One of them from your own county.
Voice-"You mean Waddill ?"
The Governor nodded his head in as?
sent and add:; i : -'I hear ii" is paid hy?
Hardly had ii" said this when Wad?
dili who ? is pre-cut said : .'Governor,
you claim to be a brave tuan,'* but here
the shout- of the erowJ drowned his
voice. '"Put bim down," they cried.
W addi!) again spoke to the Governor
and asked to reply. The Governor
consented, but neither the chairman nor
the crowd would ai! >w him to explain.
Waddili told them not to attack him
hands tied Excitement tau quite high
lo.it soon subs id? d
The Governor said the "Darlington
fi:it'" wa- gutten ap in order to try to
fi.?.:.! tie- outside world into believing I
that be could not enforce the dispensary
law Discussing 'io- dispensary, he |
said, the Suprem- * ' ? ? 1 rt wouid have tu ?
j/?t out "f th" way.
Voices "l'ut out al! anti:judges." :
Wbeu thc Governor spoke of taking j
in repentant anti- the crowd yelled j
...\o." He saul the people must get j
together or the antis would take the j
negro and .-POW the reform party under. ;
Gen. Butler was greeted with cries :
of "Hurrah for Tillman," and received
no applause. He stopped once to drink
some water at which there were cries of
"Don't give him any more water.'" and
then the crowd began to interrupt him
with all manner of questions. He told 1
them he knew they were brought there ?
to howl him down, but he would silence j
them ali if they would come one at a j
Heformula*ed the following questions
to Governor Tillman, telling him he
could answer at the first opportunity :
At the time the dispensary opened iu
July, 1893, did you not have on hand j
?08,321 worth of stock io whiskey, j
wine, bottles, etc ?
As there was ouiy .$50,00" appro- j
priated to start business, did you not i
exceed the appropriation by ?43,3-1 !
before a dollar's worth af liquor was j
Was the excess paid for? If so, where J
did the money come from ; if not, you
bought on credit, and what right did
you have to purchase goods for the
State on credit.
Did you not expect to saddle the debt
without authority on the taxpayers by
a recommendation to the Legislature ?
Have you not now seventy-five men j
engaged at sixty-five store houses for j
which salaries and rent, are paid, aud
does it not take six thousand dollars
every month to pay fur the same?
Could not one store houses and two ?
rr J hold and guard the supply oo
What became of the per cent, rebate
allowed every quarter on all whiskey
bought from firms io the liquor trust?
(the trust in which the Mill C'eek Dis?
tillery is), and don't you know the Ger?
man-American Bank, of Peoria, II!.,
sends a check for rebates allowed all
merchants from the trust ?
Why is there not a statement in your
State dispenser's report of the aggregate
amounts of these rebates? And as
there is not, where is the money col?
lected on thousands of gallons ?
Is not Dispenser Traxler getting
half salary, if not bow much ?
From what fund are his and other
dispensers' and store rent being paid?
Have you not declared, or is it not
your purpose, to open the dispensary j
again on August 1st ?
Senator Johu Gary Evans in his j
speech declared most emphatically that j
the dispensary would be re-opened, j
He called the members of the Supreme j
General Kllerbe called Evans a pretty j
glib talker but not very deep minded i
He had heard that Evans had represent- j
ed a purchasing syndicate io tte State j
bond matter aud not the State, for j
which he understood he was to receive j
a large fee. He denounced Evans and
Stanyame Wilson, of Spartanburg, as
coat tail swingers
Dr Sampson Pope rejoined the cam?
paign party to-day. In his stirring
speech he intimated that there were
rings and cliques in the reform party.
He pleaded for a fair deal before a
general primary where all Democrats
could vote, instead of a purely reform j
primary. He charged that a deal had
In Spartanburg county Larry Gaott
already had forty reform clubs to en?
dorse Tillman for the Senate. Evans for
Governor and Wilson for Congress eveu j
before the campaign meeting had been ?
held in that county.
Secretary of State Tindai's speech
was dignified and educative.
The meeting to-morrow will be in the
wildwoods of Florence county.
J. W. G.
It is mighty hard for the truth to j
keep up with a He at an even start and :
a fair track. Butler starts six years be- j
hind --Laurens Advertiser.
A rumor comes from Washington :
that certain citizens of the District are ;
making contributions to assist Gov?
ernor Tillman in defeating Senator But- j
1er. The alleged reason for this geuer- j
osity is that Senator Butler voted for
Taylor's confirmation. However, it 1
was impossible to verify the story, as
no other Senator would tell how Senator
Butler voted -Augusta Chrouciclc.
Senator Cali, of Florida, knocked ?
the socks off Senatorial dignity the ;
other <iay when in; pulied his shoes j
off and planted his feet on his desk ?
and proceeded deliberately to fan j
them. That was about the time that j
Senators Harris and Hill were knock- 1
in g tho aforesaid dignity winding with |
rh'. ir jawbones. And Senator Cali j
wore blue socks, too which make this ,
fete with his feet all the more pic- j
turesque -Wilmington Star.
Col Ellison S. Keitt. of Kooree will j
-tart ont on the first of .Juiy and make J
>?.eh<-* in every county in the State !
mi National questions. Ile has made'
a special study of the financial quot i m \
and i-^ prepared to meet any of the
campaigns iu join debate It would b<
a good idea foi lum to join the State I
campaigners and teach them something j
in finalice He i> a good speaker ami
is well informed. He may he in the
rae<- ?>rr the United States Senate aud if
he docs enter he will make it lively for
both (icu. Butler and Gov. Tillmau.
A Distinguished Carolinian.
W e have before called attention to
the "Life and Letters of M. P O'Con
nor," issued from the ptibl?sliing house
of Dempsey & Carroll, New York, and
written and edited by his daughter
Mary Doline O'Connor, It is now
on sale in this city, and is a volume
which merits more than passing atten- j
tion both for the entertaining manner I
in which it has been prepared and for ;
the charming and distinguished life I
which it is meant to embalm.
M. P. O'Connor was a citizen of
whom South Carolina was justly proud,
and an Irishman who was always loyal
to Erin. He was well known in ;
Augusta, and it was in his eloquent |
address delivered here in I$70 before :
the Hibernian Society that he thus
spoke of thai trait in Irish character
which his own life so well illustrated :
"Love of country is a distinguishing
trait of the Irish character, that senti- j
meut which is called patriotism-aod j
which can only exist where truth,
honor and sincerity prevail. Io all j
the wanderings of that oppressed and
expatriated people, that true filial de- i
votion to the laud of their nativity has ;
never been wauting, and with what
tender emotion and deep pathos may
not the poor emigrant, as he toils his ;
lonely way westward over the rugged
slopes of the Oregon, looking back to j
old Ireland, pour forth this day the '?
lament of his country's bard :
?Though the Us! glimpse of Krin with sorrow
I see, j
Vet wherever thoa arl shall Seena Erin to
lu exile thy bosom snail still be my home,
Ar d thine eyes make my climate wherever ,
"Space has not been able to over- i
come, nor time to subdue this spirit, j
Chilled by no foreign atmosphere, but j
communicating its genial warmth by j
alliance to other nationalities, like the j
vestal fires of old guarded by the im- i
mortal virgins, it has been kept alive !
and burning by the purity and chastity J
of her children."
There are many members of the
Hibernian Society who wili recall the
splendid oration of that day. and who
hold io fond remembrance the eloquent
Carolinian. He was a man of rare com
panionability, and his warm, genial
nature was mirrored in bis face. He
was always ready of speech and the
orations which he delivered on many
public occasions, at home and abroad,
show in what esteem he was held as a
public orator. His speeches which are
preserved in the volume make it
exceedingly attractive and valuable.
Above we gave his tribute to Irish
character, aud here follows a tribute to
"Her monuments and towers are as
ancient as the pyramids : her legends
and traditions as old as the Druids.
The line of her monarchies surpasses
io antiquity the proudest royal houses
of Europe. She was renowoed before
the Saxon invaded Britain, or the
Frank crossed the Khine. From ber
secluded isolation she bas beheld the
Roman legions pass in triumph the
gates of every capital io Europe, aud
her triumphant eagles, sustained by
Agricola, waving over thc wall of
Antoninus. Grecian eloquence is no
looter heard iu the Acropolis at Athens,
aud the turbaned Turk now tramples
the soil which shook with the thuuders
of Macedon. Peace reigns at Warsaw,
and Polish independence sleeps for?
ever: while Ireland, prolific in her
children, constantly renewing her
youth iu the ubiquity of her progeny, is
pregnant with vitality."
But though a loyal descendant of
Ireland, he was none tiie less a devoted
sou of South Carolina, and his loyalty
to her best interests was as marked as
his Irish patriotism In the dark days
of '"(>, and before, he was a staunch
and trusted lieutenant in the right to
throw off the chains which bound
his native State, and hi> voice was
often raised with no uncertain sound
in her behalf. Hear him :
"We are in the crisis of our destiny.
The signal bells of alarm and prepara?
tion from one end of the State to the
ot her are tolling : the drums are beat?
ing, and South Carolina, appealing to
ali her sons, tu the words of England's
brave admirai, "expects every mau todo
his duty ' The incubus of radical
misrule is weighing down and crushing
>>ut the energies of the people. We
have borne outrages in Government
without a parallel iu the history of any
And hear him before l tie New Eng?
land society in 1>77. after South Caro?
lina had been reclaimed :
"The State has beer> recaptured, but
to one who knew her in the palmy days
of her past splendor-retaken in a
shattered and dismantled condition.
Nothing that wa? venerable in her
pas: treated as sacred, and nothing that
was valuable, escaped the ravages of
the plunderer. Her laws were over?
turned-her institutions uprooted-her
wealth dissipated-her resources almost
annihilated-and the spirit of ber peo
ple'from long and datient suffering, sunk
to the lowest ebb. Her jewels have been
stolen and carried away, but the casket
which contained them remains: our
teeming and bounteous soil, our balmy
climate and genial and warming sky,
associating the memories of an illus?
trious past, with the ruin and devasta?
tion inflicted on our State; it is calcu?
lated to remind us of thc ruins of some
old castle, or grand old cathedral with
battered walls, lifting its waste above the
surrounding wreck, with the shadow
of one epoch in its base, and the day?
break cf another in its oriels."
But interesting as they are, we can?
not further prolong these extracts. As
one reads, the splendid personality of
the man rises up before the mind's eye,
and we feel almost as if we can hear
the melody and earnestness of his voice
as it proclaimed the eloquent, and
patriotic sentiments which abound in
the volume. We bespeak a liberal
patronage for the volume, and feel
assured that everyone in Augusta who
knew the gallant Carolina Irishman,
and many others besides will show their
appreciation of the loving work which
has been so admirably performed by
his daughter.-Augusta Chronicle.
To the Reform Voters of the
The perpetuation of the Reform
movement depends upon the manner of
conducting the ensuing the ensuing
primary. Under the rules of the State
primary candidates are required to get a
majority of the vote cast, and if more
than two are running for the same
office and none get a majority in the
first primary then a second primary
settles it-the two highest in the first
primary being the candidates in the
second. There is, therefore, no dan?
ger of a Conservative getting a ma?
jority, except io those controlled by
them, which are few in number. In
other counties a Conservative and a
Reformer would run it over and the
Reformers would concentrate on the
Reform candidate at the second pri?
The Reform Executive Committee
have ordered an intervening primary
between the Reform candidates for
Governor and Lieutenant Governor to
tak? place in August which will be in
advance of some of the county meet?
ings : in some of the counties is is pro?
posed to substitute mass meetings for a
pria?ary : the candidates for Governor
have already been forestalled iu some of
the counties by Reform clubs endorsing
certain candidates. This is unfair, to
say the least of it. If all of the other
candidates, even those who are running
for the General Assembly which is to
elect a United States Senator, are
allowed to submit their claims to the
general primary, why not the candi?
dates for Governor and Lieutenant
The Conservatives say that they will
not run a candidate for Governor and
Lieutenant Governor if they are allowed
to choose one from those ?untiing: but
if not allowed to do so that they may
not be bound by the action of thc
We are for peace and fair dealing,
we are opposed to rings and cliques,
then let us give them an equal chance
with us. All white mon arc allowed te
participate in the general \ rim a ry who
will take th" oath prescribed hy the
General Assembly. This is a step
forward in the int?r?t of peace and
harmony-them let ali have a fair
The Reform Executive Committee can
be called together and they can rescined
their call for a primary, and the State
Democratic Executive Committee can
make the necessary arrangement for a
box at each poi! tor State i rricers and
rix it so that those who get the majority
in the respective counties shall receive
the vote i f til- delegates from those
counties ti? th" State con.vt ri rion
All of the candidates are pronounced
Reformers, no advantage can accrue to
any one of tin rm over rho ethers. 1 ant
willing to fake my chances in thc pri?
mary and 1 believe that the other can?
didates will be willing also.
S VMPSON Porn.
.lune -J:;. 1S04.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.-I atest U. S. Gov't Report.