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0l? iUotcljm?n awl Soutfyron.
TBK SUMTES WATCHMAN, KstftbUshed April, 1850. "Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's." THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established jane. 1=66
Consolidated Aug. 2,1881. SUMTER, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY ll, 1894. New Series-Vol. XIII. So. 49.
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PETTY-EIGHTH ISAS BEGINS
SEPT. 13, 1894.
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Reviewing the S. C. Cam?
Correspondence Augusta Chronicle.
COLUMBIA, S. C., July 2-The poli?
tical temperature of the State is
much lower than it was two weeks
ago. When the campaign opened
at Kock Hill there was a general
pricking of ears. It was expected
that something would drop with the
force of a steam hammer, and for two
or three days newspapers were
really interesting things to most peo?
ple. At the Chester meeting Sena?
tor Butler was inclined to be vicious
towards Governor Tillman and the
debate at Lancaster on the following
day showed some evidences of life.
Governor Tillman took his turn and
reciprocated the Senator's ferocious
compliments. Ou one or two oc?
casions in the earlier meetings mis?
guided persons in the crowd rushed
headlong to the conclusion that the
speakers were in earnest and got
mad, but after a little jostling and
ecrouging they were in all cases
appeased or removed.
Both Tillman and Butler are now
behaving in a comparatively seeming?
ly maimer. The Governor, of course,
continues to belch worth words of
consuming and burning wrath, but he
is considerate enough to aim most of
his attacks at Cleveland and Wall
street and nobody is at hand to take
up the guage of battle for either the
one or the other of them.
Unless the* Governor should train
his guns on some enemy nearer home
there is only the faintest likelihood
that even the turbulence of the first
week will be repeated.
At nearly all the meetings the de?
monstrations have been favorable to
the "Blinker** as Governor Tillman's
rustic followers affectionately and
admiringly denominate him.
The Governor s friends are demon
strative people. They have immeas?
urable lung power, and throats like
steam whistles, and when "Marse
Ben,*' works himself up to about 212
degrees Fahrenheit and begins to sing
like a tea kettle on a fire of hickory
limbs, the "wool hats,** invariably
shatter the walls enclosing ail the
the demons of hideous sounds*
Then the Governor isa man of "hand
primaries " It is his old trick and
he clings to if with the tenacity of a
whist player to a favorite suit
"Now all of you boys who think I am
right,'* he shouts in the brief inter?
vals that now and then occur between
?iteir cheers, "hold up your right
hands," and always up they shoot,
the two or three hundred horny
palms of the plough boys usually
densely packed about the platform
down in the front and beneath the
platform from which he is burling his
declamatory and ireful thunderbolts.
Thus it has been at York and I
Lancaster, Camden and Sumter,
Darlington and Florence, and on and
on from couuty to county. Senator
Butler's friends, when the Governor
puts the negative, make it a rule to
do and say nothing, looking on the
antics of the opposition with sullen
silence. The hand primaries have
their iutended effect. The news?
paper reporters trim their pencils and
say, "tbis was another Tillman day**
and away on electric wings across
the country speeds the news that
South Carolina's pyrotechnic Populist
is as usual carrying ail things before
him with his fiery eloquence.
A BUTLER VIEW OF IT.
But Senator Butler's friends talk
confidently. "Why, there is scarcely
anybody at the meetings,'" the}7
say. The crowds number from 300
to 1,000 at most, while two and
four years ago when Tillman was
doing the State, always from two to
five thousand were out to 6ee and hear
him. Besides these hand primaries
prove nothing. Fifty or a hundred of
the rabid and rampant shoot up both
fists at the bidding of the boss, to do
which they have been carefully train?
ed, in order-to make a great impres?
sion. The people, the real bulk of
the people present, whose hundreds
and hundreds of silent ballots will
weigh down the boxes and count,
are standing back and thinking
Thousands of other people are tired
of Tillman, say the Butlerities, and in
spite of tremendous efforts made to
rally them they are biding their time
at home and when the primaries
arrive Governor Tillman will feel the
torrent of their votes sweeping his
feet from under him. When one
hears a Butler man discuss the cam?
paign in this way he cannot but be
impressed that there is not a little
truth in that] analysis of the situa?
SENATOR BUTLER HANDICAPPED.
Senator Butler goes into this race
handicapped. All the odds are
against him. The anti-Tillmanities
eye him coolly with an inquiring
look ou the faces, which asks why he
did not on Cleveland's inauguration
"chuck off his coat"' and assist them
in the scramble for all the Federal
patronage to the everlasting dis?
appointment of the Tillmauites '!
"Why did he endeavor to put some
of the most blatant and oflensive of
all the Tillmamte? into easy berths
while we who have fought for hi
cause in the ranks are left to sh i ve
in the cold ?" The Anties are not i
good fighting trim anyway. The;
have out no State ticket, many, c
them are disgusted with Clevelan
and Congress, and scarcely two c
them can be found agreeing on a!
lu many counties it will be
difficult task to induce men pledge?
to Butler to run for the Legislature
The Tillman cause being looked upoi
as invincible, men will not care t<
risk losing the chances of futun
preferment by leading what they fea
is a forlorn hope. It is for this rea
son that Senator Butler insists s<
strenously on a separate box in th?
Democratic primaries in which the
popular choice for Senator may b(
registered and by the results of whicr
both candidates bind themselves tc
abide. Such a proposition, althougr
the primary has always until non
beeu one of the constant hobbies, the
Governor declines, protesting that it
is a matter not for him but for thc
State Democratic Executive Com
mittee alone to determine. Governoi
Tillman doubtless believes that he
has the Senator at a great disadvan
tage as matters stand, and is naturally
reluctant to yield any assistance, in
the meantime, regarding constancy
as a pearl to be thrown to swine.
NATIONAL ISSUES NOT IN* IT.
Strange as it may seem National
issues find little place in this Sena
torial campaign. Governor Tillman
to be sure is spectacularly grand in
his attacks upon the National Demo?
cracy, the money power and all that
embattled host of monsters, but most
of his oratory is expended upon the
beauties of "reform" in South Caro?
lina, and in replying to Senator
Butler's onslaughts, lie advocates,
though, free silver and a greenback
currency and cries "more money,
more money with ever increasing
unction. Sometimes he expatiaties
on the necessity of joining the South
and West against the greedy East,
and his enemies interpret him as
nominating himself as the National
standard-bearer for a new party look?
ing to this union for strength.
Senator Butler in a regretful 6ort of
way speaks of the differences between
himself and Grover Cleveland on
questions of finance and mildly
defends the President as an honest, if
misguided, politician. He urges the
necessity of ?tate bonds of issne, and
manfully champions the tariff bill as
the best measure of the kind that has
been before Congress since the war.
The Senator too, intimates that the
country could stand a larger green?
back issue. But these arguments are
not the burden of his song. They
are merely incidental to his warfare
on the dispensary seheme and the
charges of corruption in connection
with it, which he fires at the Tillman
Senator Butler will have the sup?
port of the Confederate veterans.
At Chesterfield the other day au
old fellow in shabby gray jeans and
fiat brimmed white hat shambled up
to him and held out his hand.
"Why, how are you, Brantley?"
said the Senator, as he grasped it,
as he did so the ragged oldex-rebePs
emotion overcame him and he ctied
like a baby. In Butler's brigade
thirty years ago his humble duty had
been to drive an ambulance across
Virginia's hills and this was the first
time since then that the General had
Senator Butler was never known to
forget the face of a soldier. Tiie
Senator inquired into the man's con?
dition, and finding that he was poor
and struggling for a livelihood offer?
ed to take him to his Edgefield
plantation, and give him a home for
his declining yeats And if Butler is
defeated for the Senate, fighting over
his many battles with the warworn
ambulance driver will not be the least
pleasure that he will find in retire?
ment to private life.
?RACE FOB GOVERNOR.
The race for Governor is a frolic
confined to Reformers. They have
arranged a plan for a State conven?
tion to which delegates are to be
elected from clubs whose member?
ship shall be composed exclusively
of those who will agree to stand by
Reform nominees. This convention
will meet on the 14th of August and
nominate either Comptroller General
Ellerbee, a young farmer of Marion
county or Secretary of State, Tindal,
an old farmer of Clarendon county, or
State Senator John Gary Evans, a
young lawyer of Aiken county, or
Clerk of the Semate, Pope, an old
doctor of Newberry county.
Then in the primaries of August
28th, when all the Democrats, includ?
ing auti-Tillmanites, have a right to
vote, the Reformers of high and low
degree will support this nominee to a
man. It will be seen from this that
the Reformers, or Tillmanites, are
practically a party to themselves and
have arranged to elimiuate their op?
ponents from figuring in the selection
of a Governor.
Young Ellerbee, in his campaign
speeches, pitches into young Evam
whom he accuses of being a Iattei
day convert to Tillmanism and whore
he says snuggles up to the Governoi
now because he is a greater man,
Then Evans replies and eloquently
paints his own portrait before the
eyes of the multitude as a better friend
to Tillman than Ellerbee and ever and
anon says a good word for the dis
pensary But the issue which both
emphasize a tear passions into tatters
over is, "Who of the true believers is
the truest believer in Ben.*'
So it goes and the outlook is that
the one of the two who can hold the
tightest grip on the Governor's
coat tail will preside over the desti?
nies of this Commonwealth for the
next two years.
Candidate Tindal, who is a gentle?
man and a well-versed scholar, is
really not in the race.
Candidate Pope has waked up to
the realization that rings have found
their way into the Reform organiza?
tion and now he is clamoring for a
free-for all primary. But candidate
Pope, like Tindal, has too little of
the demagogue and speaks with too
much moderation and liberality to?
wards the Conservatives to stand the
slightest chance for success. Can?
didate Pope is probably the first
Democrat in South Carolina to advo?
cate a high protective tariff from the
There are still six weeks of cam?
paigning. Not a man in the field has
played Iiis hand yet, and many a big
card is yet to fall before the Palmetto
knows "where it is at."
J. WILSON GIBBES.
Epedemic of Typhoid Fever.
The Charlotte News says that re?
ports from all quarters show that ty?
phoid fever is raging in a most
peculiar manner this year. It seems
to show no discrimination against
climate or height above sea level.
For instance ; Taylorville, N. C., a
mountain town at the foot of the
Blue Ridge, is seriously stricken with
the disease. It has been so common
there as to almost paralyze business.
Another place is Georgeville, Cabar
rus County, N. C. There the fever is
raging again as it did last year. The
river and a big creek pass close by
this place, and that was always sup?
posed to be the cause of sickness
But this year it has been no worse
than the disease has been in Taylor?
ville, which town has perfect natural
sanitation. Men who have made a
study of the disease attribute the
extraordinary amount of typhoid
germs to the singularly mild winter
which prevailed in this section last
The fever is also reported to be in
several towns in South Carolina.
Will "thelmur Ply.
Governor Tillman may have un?
wittingly put his hand on a hornet
when he said in his Sumter speech
that Col. Cal. Caughman, announced
candidate for congress, had made an
indecent exposure of his mind. Colo?
nel Caughman can talk louder, hard?
er, faster and more fiercely than
anybody. Also he can say things.
His oratorical and political stomach
craves stronger meat than the meek
and much mashed and martyted
Williug Jay Stokes is likely to pro?
vide. We would not be at all astijn
ished to see him tackle the Governor
himself. If he does so, Senator
Butler may simply step to one side,
hoist au umbrella and watch the mud
and fur fly. It will be black gum
against thunder, the devil against a
witch, a Kansas cyclone encountering
a West Indian hurricane, a mountain
ram in combat with a rock headed
goat. Everything would go-both
barefooted and gouging, hitting, bit?
ing, kicking, hair and whiskers pull?
ing, chin cutting and auy holds
allowed It would be the fight of the
century between two past masters in
that style of fighting.-Greenville
New York Town Topics : I under?
stand that Senator Matthew C. Butler
and Governor Benjamin R. Tillmam,
of South Carolina, have received an
offer of ?1,000 a week each from the
managers of Hagenbeck's trained an?
imals to do their act at Manhattan
Beach every afternoon and evening.
Mr. Butler, in one corner of the cage,
will hurl four thousand, three hundred
aud twenty-seven epithets, seventy-two
inuendos and eight bushels of mis?
cellaneous hard words at Governor Ben,
who will catch them all on the fly, at
the same time whirling around on his
axis till his clothes catch fire and have
to be put out with a hand hose. Sena?
tor Butler will also eat fire, throw
knives, sword canes, revolvers and
Winchester rifles nut of his mouth, and
the performance will end with an
elegant living picture in which the
Senator will represent Ajax, and the
Governor, with streams of lighted
Palmetto Dispensary whisky issuing
alternately from the right and left
corners of his mouth, will be the light?
ning. It will be a great show, but I
fear the other auimals will go on a
Our Executive Anarchist.
In a certain sense Governor Till?
man is as rank an anarchist as there is
in America. He would not ally him?
self with a body of madmen or affiliate
with bomb throwers or assassins, but
his illtimed and intemperate addresses
are calculated to foster strife and
intensify the bitterness among the
political factions of South Carolina.
Ile has given expression to public
utterances in his debate with Senator
Butler that would shame Dennis
Kearney or the most blatant and
ignorant Tammany politician. Ile
has made public statements about
President Cleveland and Congress
that are seditious and unreasonable,
and has on every occasion in which
he appears on the stump displayed
such revolutionary spirit that no State
and no people would passively sub?
mit to except South Carolina and
her sons. Language such as he
adopts and capable of being construed
and applied as he intends is as dan?
gerous and as wanton as the expres?
sion of Most, Schwab and the Gold?
man woman. In no other State in
the South is there such a chief execu?
tive and possibly in the country, with
the exception of Colorado and Kan?
There was a time in the history of
Carolina when such a demagogue
would be recognized under no circum?
stances and when he could in no man?
ner possible be raised to the dignity
he now enjoys. South Carolina has
within her borders knights as
chivalrous as ever drew a sword,
orators as persuasive and eloquent as
ever trod a rostrum, statesmen as
pure and unselfish as ever graced the
halls of Congress, and men as manly
and upright as ever lived and main?
tained a sovereignty, but they have
to passively submit to the insults
visited on them through the stubborn?
ness and the egregious vanity of
Governor Tillman. All his promi?
nent public acte have subjected him
to derision and contempt. His open
defiance of the mandates of the
Supreme Court for his interference
with the railroads, his intemperate
zeal in the maintenance of State dis?
pensaries, bis employment of tramps
and vagrants for constables to apprise
and harass his people and his cruel
and wanton persecution of his citizens
at Darlington, stamp him as a man
wholly unfit to administer the affairs
of a great State -Savannah Dispatch.
How They Waltz in Ken?
A Danville girl tells the Advocate
the following with regard to waltzing :
"No one waltz, even when danced
with the same partner, is exactly the
same. It is always a new sensation, j
The music is not in the same key, and |
the waltz does not touch the same j
chords of one's soul. If I dance
twenty waltzes in the evening I have
twenty different thrills of pleasure.
With one partner it is a soft, insidious
measure ; with the next, a long and
languorous movement ; with the
third, more of a hop, that gently
jars the brain into a delicious, dreamy
forgetfulness ; while the fourth cava?
lier, with a heroic tread, bears you
away .with strong and vigorous rhythm
into still another world. The lights
of this go out, you lose consciousness
but you feel no dread as you lie with?
in those herculean arms like a child
rocked to sleep in his mother's em?
brace. Your feet are no longer on
the earth. It's a celestial rotation
out into space, and when you light
on earth again you feel like a tired
bird stoppiug from a long flight."
What the Democrats Have
There is no man connected with
this administration who has been
more unstintingly abused, more em?
phatically denounced, more sweep?
ingly misrepresented or luridly "cuss?
ed" by Republican politicians and
their organs on the other side of the
line than Hon. Hoke Smith, Secre?
tary of the Interior. Judge Lochren,
Commissioner of Pensions, has with
him been subjected to more or less of
this abuse. The fact, however, that
Secretary Smith is a Southern man
sharpened their darts, and gave them
an opportunity to play upon sectional
prejudice and to make a wholesale
misrepresentation of his acts and the
motives that inspired them. But if
there is any man connected with the
administration to whom the American
people are uuder special obligations
than man is Secretary Smith, who
when he saw the frauds that vere
being perpetrated upon the people
through the Pension Bureau, resolved
to do what he could to wipe them,
out and to make the pension roll is as
far as he could a "roll of honor."*
Ile was somewhat hampered in this
by the restraining acts o? Congress,
but etil! he with the efficient and hon?
est co-operation of the Commissioner
of Pensions has saved the people $25,
000,000 out of the $165,000,000 ap?
propriated for the current fiscal year.
Mr. Raum said it would require
$180,000,000 and was about to ask
for that sum when it was represented
by the Republican managers that this
might have abd effect on Mr. Harri?
son's chances . .e-election, and he
asked instead for $165,000,000.
Had the Republican party remained
in power and in charge of the Pen?
sion Bureau there is no doubt the
$165,000 would have bee!) expended,
and the $180,000,000 or more called
for, but under Democratic manage?
ment $25,000,000 are saved and the
appropriations recommended for next
year will be $140,000,000 instead of
$165,000,000, thus saving to the peo?
ple in two years $50,000,000 That's
what the Ameiican people owe Sec?
retary Hoke Smith and Commissioner
Lochren, who have gone on attending
to business and weeding out the
frauds, regardless of the partisan
abuse heaped on them. Here is a
practica! illustration of the striking
contrast between Democratic honesty
and retrenchment and Republican
plundering and extravagance.
The Negro's Jack.
Few white people know what a
"jack" is, as understood by the ne?
groes and perhaps the custom of
carrying a "jack" is not popular
with the negroes of this section of the
country ; but in the South Atlantic
States, it is said, you can hardly find
a negro without one. A negro was
found dead, hanging in the woods
near Charlotte, N. C.. the other day,
and thc first question that the coroner
asked was " Whefe is his jack ?" At
this question the negroes, who had
congregated around, fell back as
though a bomb were about to ex?
plode, and the white men present
asked what it meant. "I will show
you," 6aid thc physician, and feel?
ing in the dead man's pocket he
brought out a tin box. When (his
was opened it was found to con?
tain a snake's head, a scorpion, a
bit of iron, a rusty key, a bunch of
"witch's yarn," and a package of
salt. The doctor said this was the
jack and that it was used by the
negroes to "conjure"" their ene?
mies with and throw a spell over
them, and that the majority of the
negroes held the jack in mortal
terror. To show its power the
doctor offered to give any of the
negroes present a dollar to put the
jack into his pocket, but none of
them would touch it He took it
home and tried the negroes in the
city with it. He put it in his back
yard and says that it will be a bet?
ter guard for his chickens and wood?
pile that any dog that he could get.
New Orleans Picayune.
6?rms and Jelly.
When physicians want to secure
minute organisms for investigation,
they expose gelatine to the air
or in places where they have confined
the malignant germs. The gelatine
speedily attracts and holds them.
This is a fact for housekeepers to
know. Jellies of any sort placed in
the air to cool should be covered
with a piece of broken window glass
to protect them from these germs.
The Cultivator and Country Gentle?
It is"no looper the Richmond and
Danville Railroad hut "The Southern
We gave it as our opinion in last
week's issue that uncle George Tillman
was out of politics for the present. We
have since heard, as cotniug from him.
that he is undecided, bat that he will
keep posted as to the time allowed him
to come our, aud his decidion will
depend entirely upon information receiv?
ed between now and then ss to bis
chaoce of election. Ile has no ob?
jection to serving the people as a
democratic Governor of the whole
State, not as the candidate of tither
factioo.-Johnston Monitor, July 6.
Excelsior Baking Powder is the best, be?
cause it is pure, try it. Prepared by Dr. A.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.-L atest U. S. Gov't Report