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?t)e u)atcl)m<nt aw Sotityron.
THK SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April..1850. "Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's." THE TKDE SOUTHRON. Established jane, 1366
Consolidated Aug. 2,1881.
SUMTER, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 17, 1895.
Sew Series-Vol. XIV. No. 51.
(Lije ?t?ra w? jSoutjjroiL
Published Srery Ve?nesday,
JM". G-, Osteen,
SUMTER, S. C.
Two Dollars per annum-in advance.
One Square first insertion.-.Si 00
Every subsequent insertion. 50
Contracts for three months, or longer will
be made at reduced rates.
AU communications which subserve private
interests will becbareed for as advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of respect will be
/ The Negro in Politics.
Organized to Fight the Con?
An Address Issued Appealing to
the National Government and
to the'Conservative Faction.
The State conference of negroes,
which was called by the Ministerial
Union to consider the Constitutiocal
convention outlook so far as the
black race is concerned." assembled
at noon yesterday in the State Senate
chamber. There were about twenty
five representative negroes from the
various sections of the State present.
Among them were many of the lead?
ing negro preachers of the State.
George Washington hurray, Bishop
Salter and others.
The conference wac called to order
at noon by the Rev. E. H Coit. of
this city, as president of the Minis?
terial Union. The proceedings were
opened with prayer by the Rev. ?. L.
Miller, of Or?ngeburg. On motion
of the Rev. R. E. Hart, of this city,
the Rev. E. H. Coit, of this city, was
elected temporary chairman, and
Judge of Probate Green, of George?
town county, was elected secretary
The cal! of the roll by counties
was then commenced. When Aiken
county was reached it was seen that
so much time would be consumed
that Murray suggested that they have
the chairman of each delegation
hand in the names of those who tvere
delegates, and that the roll be made
up in that way. This was agreed to.
He also suggested that inasmuch a?
the "mighty Irby committee with all
its powerful* engines of election*' and
the Conservatives had met with
closed doors, they, the weak and
helpless, should meet with closed
doors too. This was agreed to A
session was then held lasting until
2.30 p. m. The conference reassem?
bled at 4 p m and was in session
until about 10.30 o'clock last night
before any results were made known
At that hour the following address
was sent to the representatives of
the press :
To the People of the United States:
As a part of the constituent elements
from which our National government
draws its life blood in time of peace,
and from whose life blood it exacts
tribute in time of war, under the
broad reciprocal relations that should
exist among all the people of one
common country, that should be
elastic, offensive or defensive wea?
pons for every American citizen,
however humble at home or abroad,
in order that the theory of govern?
ment handed down by the fathers
might be fully realized and enjoyed
by every individual on every inch of
national territory, we submit that a
small, but desperate minority of the
population has declared its purpose
to perpetuate its power by unlawful?
ly trampling under feet all the rights
and franchises granted us by the
Federal Constitution as a means of
protecting life, liberty and property.
We have used every means in de?
fence of our constitutional rights and
franchises known to law-abiding citi
zens in this State, without effect, and
as a last resort are forced to call upon
the strong arm of the national
government for a defense of rights
granted and guaranteed by itself.
As the array and navy are held as
a reserve force to uphold local autho?
rities in every State, the Federal
government, in order not to be im?
posed ipon and to support anarchy
under the pretense of suppressing it,
should see tu it that a republican
form of government, which we
understand to be a government insti?
tuted by the sovereign will of a
majority of the constitutionally quali?
fied voters, actually exists in every
We humbly crave your influence
with the constituted authorities of
the nation, in order that their con?
sciences and arms might be strength?
ened in efforts to have the Constitu?
tion and laws of the nation upheld,
so that each American citizen might
have the equal protection of the law, !
without which constitutional guaran?
tees are mere mockeries, and life
itself a burden to the people of the
We assure the fair-minded whi
people of this State that we a
willing to use every means with
our power to aid in the overthrow
the small but designing clique now
possession of the government, whic
has busied itself in the reorganiz
tion of the courts and militia for tl
purpose of perpetuating its powt
and which has been so embolden*
! with success in former revolutionai
steps as to dec?ate, under cover
the unconstitutional registration law
its determination to hold a conve
tion of its own making and liking
and disfranchise the vast majority
the voring population regardless i
It assigns as its reason for sue
unnconstitutional and revolution?r
steps that a Constitution must r.
made to prevent what they are pieai
ed to call "negro domination" and t
establish "white supremacy,'' whic
means, reduced to its essence, th
supremacy of the faction now in coi
As the facts of history themselve
prove, we deny that there has - eve
been a desire or attempt on our pai
to dominate the government. Wit
the large body of us voting, most (
whom are illiterate and poor, there i
not as much danger of our control (
government as there is of the laboi
ing classes in Massacusetts. Xei
York or Pennsylvania, who with ur
limited suffrage, contrasted with Til
manite following, do not control
While we are entitled to partie
pation in the government commet!
surate with our wealth and intel i
gence, representation is only a secom:
ary consideration compared with ou
right to retaitrVmr right of suffrage
which cannot be annulled by any cor
Under our theory of self-govern
ment, in order that every man ma;
possess the raeann within his perso
to protect life, liberty and p?sse?
8?0118, the governing power is di vid
ed into as many fractional parts a
there are male adults, to each c
whom is deeded an equal portion
designed to be used in a representa
tive capacity and the ballot made it
As under our form of governmen
all officers and administrators of th?
law designed to be the creatures o
the governed, and are therefore th
servants of ail, to whom they mu6
look for return to all continuation ii
office, which means protection fo
all, the danger to the governed ii
such a form of government does no
exist half so much in poverty o
illiteracy as the accumulations o
vast fortunes by the few, the infln
ence of which may be used ti
swerve the servants of the peopli
to administer the government or lav
in the interests of a few to the detri
ment of the many. Besides, if then
is to be a privileged class govern
ment, restricted to persons possess
ing a certain amount of property o
education, what reasons are there fo
not further restricting the governing
class to a few college professors o
By making the officers of the law
who shall be the servants of all, th<
dependent creatures of a class only
you make them the willing or nnwill
ing tools of that class alone, and thej
will be bound to construe and admin
ister the law to please members there
of only, in which system it is appa
rent that the class shorn of power ii
without even as much protection ai
slaves whose masters' ballots protect
Such a form of government we had
in a limited degree before the late
war, when the free negroes, the un?
privileged class, had to have guar?
dians by whom many were deprived
of freedom and property. Any form
of government (if we may dignify it
by such a term) which forces a class
of people to contribute to its exis?
tence without a voice, whose con?
tributions in the hands of the privi?
leged class *are used as engines of
oppression is worse than that among
savages, where all men are at least
equal. By nature's God and the con?
stitution of tlie United States we
have been made free men and guar?
dians of our own rights, and our bal?
lots given as peaceful weapons of de?
fense, and no honest and loyal citi?
zen is willing to deprive us of them,
and we shail fight I he flesh, the devil
and all his imps through every court
and power in the nation before we
shall be rubbed of our rights by an?
A privileged class government pro?
duces on the one hand a class of
cringing, suppliant cowards, glad
even for the poor privilege of life for
a short time, and on the other a class
of arrogant, cruel and heartless
? murderers, because conscious of
j wrongfully obtained power, whose
members fear nothing from their
creatures, the officers of the law who
construe and administer it as suits
the will of their masters
Such a government we have in
this State to day, and the ruling fac?
tion ia in favor of handing it down in
all its wickedness as a curse to
generations unborn, but we are unwil?
ling to entail such a legacy to fut^^
Most of our murders and all 01
lynchings are immediately traceab
to sucli a government, and under
our State will continue to sink fro
bad to worse, until it becomes sud?
hell that no one can live in it
Man naturally given to error,
impelled to right action from o ni
two causes : the hope of reward <
fear of punishment ; and the law ant
dating the Mosaic age, that he th;
taketh man's life must forfeit his ow
as a penalty, has been abrogate
and the rule is that a white ma
taking the life of a colored man doe
not pay the penalty with his owi
which has spread to others, and
no longer confined to the oppresse
Upon the slightest provocatio
members of the privileged das!
without fear of punishment, murd?
or pla}' the part of prowling savage
or cannibals, and dignify it by cal
lng it a lynching, as the conscienc
of the State has been so seared thi
it is regarded as a virtue rather tha
a crime to iynch a fellow-being
Murders and lynchings are noxiou
plants flourishing only under a priv
leged class government, and wi
surely die when the sheriff and coui
are made to. depend for future favoi
upon the suffrage of every man
We believe in universal suffrage
because we believe in that right c
all, which, under our form o? gov
ernment, cannot be secured withou
making the political power of eac
man equal in the creation of the ad
mniistrator8 of the law.
The most illiterate and humbles
citizen, possessing nothing but hi
life and muscles, has as much righ
to the means of protecting his prop
erty, though invisible, as the mi
When deprived of our ballot, ou
influence with the administrators c
the law is gone and wc are absolute!;
While all members of the privi
leged class do not take advantage c
our helpless condition, many do, an<
it is cruel and hope-destroying t
deprive us of the power to aid ht]
mane and liberal men in the electic
of such honest men as will, in th
dispensation of justice, hold th
scales equally balanced, whether th
subject weighed is blacfc or white
The rule adopted by the Deroocrati
Executive Committee, debarring a!
colored men, regardless of past po
litical affiliations, from participatici
in the approaching primaries of sai(
party, and allowing all white men, ie
gardless of past political affiliation
to participate in the same, with th
declared purpose of counting in ii
the general election the ones name*
in the primaries, is violative of even
principle of justice and honesty, re
pugnant to the doctrines of civi!ize<
government, and a practical repudi
ation of the Federa! constitution.
We view with alarm the action o
Conservatives, whom weare incl:rie<
to regard as broad and liberal men
when they, to our exclusion and in re
pudiation of our rights, accept ar
equal division with the admin?6tratior
faction and submit that it is most un
reasonable to expect our suppor
when failing to secure such conces
sione We submit that the onlj
honorable thing for them to do, i
they mean justice, is to make a fail
fight from principle in every count}
in the State for the rights of all, ir
whieh they would get the support o:
every honest man in the State
regardless of race or politics.
We further submit that we stand
ready to join with any number of th?
liberal white men of the State, and tc
aid them in making a constitution
broad enough to cover the rights o!
every man, however rich or poor,
ami will only vote exclusively foi
delegates of our own race and party,
when such members fail or refuse to
To the men of our race, we an?
nounce that no legal constitution can
be made with our united opposition
We must organize to continue to
raise the means to prosecute the fight
now pending in the Federal courts
for the preservation of constitutional
liberty to a final termination, and to
make such a showing in the approach?
ing election as will enable us to move
Congress to action through petitions.
Before a final determination of the
litigation the proposed convention
may be holden and all the wicked
plans of our enemies incorporated
into a new constitution, but ;l we
shall prove to the satisfaction of the
Federal Supreme Court that in its
making all the rights and franchises
granted us by the Sepreme Constitu?
tion 'nave been ignored and trampled
under feet, of which we have no
doubt, through fraudulent and uncon?
stitutional registration laws, the new
constitution will amount to nothing,
and our enemies will have their pains
for their labors.
We congratulate all lovers of hon?
est government in this State for the ?
possession of at least one judge, in j
the person of Chief Justice Mciver, I
whose judicial ermine remains un?
sullied, and grieve to feel that the
jfflfflfffilfr 80orj coraew^nour State
will be deprived of the last of such
ORGANIZING FOR A FIGHT.
After remaining in session 'till
nearly midnight the conference final
adjourned. They gave to the press
only the cut and dried, specially pre?
pared matter desired, and withheld
ail information as to the proceedings.
There was a good deal of talk during
the conference, but how the members
stood on the adoption of the address
is not known.
The following resolution was
> Resolved, That the State executive
committee be appointed by the chair?
man of this conference, consisting of
one member from each county to
direct and manage the convention
campaign for the State, each member
j of the State committee to be author?
ized to appoint one representative
for each precinct to direct the cam?
paign in his county. That we hold
ourselves in readiness t<5 join with
the liberal white men in every county
who ask or may ask our support, but
if none appear, we recommend that a
ticket be nominated by our people
f.nd be voted for by them at the elec
* n for delegates to the Constitution
i convention. Be it further
Resolved, That the above men?
tioned organization continue the
work of organizing clubs and raising
funds for the prosecution of the fight
for honeBt elections now in progress
in the Federal courts, and that, this
organization work in harmony with
the Ministerial Union.
Under the above resolution D II.
Richardson was appointed as the
member of the committee from Sum?
The Ministers Are Mad.
Their Union Repudiate The
The following card from the Colored
Ministerial Uoion shows that the negro
politicians captured the State conf?r?
ence of the negroes cc Wednesday, and
got the upper haau of the ministers,
issuing ao address of which they did
oot approve :
To the Editor of The State: You
will please allow me to say that the
Ministerial Union of South Carolina is
not Tn accord with the tone and spirit
of the address issued by the conference
of the 10th inst We assume none of
the responsibility, and take this method
of telling the friend? of our cause that
the work of yesterday is the sel6sh
work of politicians and such pliant
tools a? are void of common t?ense, and
blinded to the negroes' best interest.
The sensible ministers of this Stats can
see clearly that the condition of af
j fairs in this Stare must be settled by
the citizens of this State and not by
the Northern people, nor the Federal
We are faily aware that we must rise
in proportion to the sentiment made in
our favor among the white people of
the State in which we live We stand
to the principles promulgated by the
Ministers' Union aod ask to be meas?
ured only by our intelligence and
property and to this extent we ask for
We reiterate that we are not wedded
to any political party. We want peace,
prosperity and good government. Let
the parties and politicians go to flin?
We are considering the advisability
of calling the Uoion together that the
voice of the people might be heard and
nor. the will of those who are bidding
for the loaves and fishes of '96.
WM. D. CHAPPELL*:,
Chairman Ministers' Union.
H W. RAIFORD, Sec.
Secretary Raiford. of the Uoion,
hands in the following additional card :
To fhe Editor of The State : Many
of the ministes of thought and follow?
ing were purposely denied the floor.
They were not allowed opinion or word
io the meeting ; hence they feel and
declare themselves free from any part
or responsibility in some of the wild
and extravagant demands and declara?
tions of the convention on the 10th
inst. H. M. RAIFORD.
? ?TW- --
The Conservative Democrats of the
county, in convention asetnbled OD
Monday last, appointed a committee to
treat with the Reformers and endeavor
to obtain from them the concession that
the delegation to the Constitutional
Convention be equally divided between
the factions. Their action is to be
strongly commended. They have placed
themselves on record as favoring any
honorable compromise that would avoid
the necessity of a bitter factional fight,
and if all else fails, and that fight has
to come, the responsibility for it will
not rest with them. - Darlington Neir$.
Kackten'* Arnica Snlve.
Tbe Best Salve in the world for Cute, Bruise
Sores. Ulcers. Salt Rheum. Fever Sores, Tetter
Chapped Hands Ch?hlains, Corns and all
Skin Kruptions. and positively cures Piles or
no pay required. It is guaranteed to give per?
fect satisfaction, or money refunded, "rice
25cents per box. For sale by Dr. J. F. W. De
How Johnson Escaped.
The correspondent of the Ne ic s and
Courier gives the following account
of how Andrew Johnson, the life
convict from Sumter made Iiis escape
from the guards :
HOCK HILL, July .10 -The good
management of the force of convicts
at work on the Winthrop College
grounds has been more than once
commented on ; not only has the
cost of support been reduced to a
minimum, bu t the convicts have been
well guarded. Monday, however,
one of them managed to escape by a
piece of cunning unequalled here?
about. Andrew Johnston, a mulatto
life convict, from Sumter, was em?
ployed in painting under Mr. H. A.
Brown, who is in charge of this part
of the work. Johnston asked and
obtained permission to go out on the
grounds. Instead of this he went
into the main building and secured a
hat and coat belonging to Mr. Brown,
^nd also an old pair cf "overalls"
left there by Mr. Smith, the superin?
tendent of the brickwork. Taking j
these clothes he went back to the
dormitory ,and ia one of the rooms on
the lower floor put them on over his ?
stripes There is a circle of guard
stands around all the building, and
the movements of convicts within
these limits is not continually watch-1
ed, but none is allowed to j
pass. Trusting to his disguise |
Johnston marched out in full view !
of two of the guards, and !
as they were looking only for j
stripes they took no notice of him.
He passed the limits successfully,
and was gone an hour before his es- j
cape was discovered. Even then it
was thought that he might be
hiding about the grounds, but |
a search showed thal the ar- ?
'.ides of clothing above named j
were gone, and then the method of
his escape was made plain As yet
there is no trace of him after leaving
the grounds, though the guards are
A Terrible Disaster at the
Gathering of Elks,
ATLANTIC CITY, July 10.-A fright?
ful accident terminated the Elk
festivities at the Inlet Casino to-night
in which "> large number of persons
sustained terrible injuries from which j
some will die. It was at 9:30 o'clock
when Grand Exalted Ruler of the
Buffalo body, Meade D. Detweiler, of
Harrisburg, had finished his address
at the opening of the social session of
the Elks and was about to introduce
James J Armstrong, of New York,
when a cracking sound was heard.
A moment later the floor upon which
were almost a thousand people, slow?
ly opened, and the mass of humanity
was precipitated to the first floor, a j
distance of twenty-five feet. Men,
women and children were plunged
into the hole upon one another. The
cries, shrieks and groans were deafen?
ing and the direst confusion reigned.
An alarm was immediately sent out
and all the physicians in town re?
sponded. The work of extracting the
injured proceeded rapidly and by 12
o'clock they have all been removed
to the hospital or their hotels.
When the first feeling of the panic
had subsided the surviving Elks gal?
lantly rushed to the rescue of their in?
jured brothers and friends, indifferent
to the danger that confronted them,
as they did riot know tiie instant the
remainder of the pavilion might bury
them beneath its ruins. While the
work of rescue was going on the !
; lights on the first floor became extin
guished and plunged the place into |
darkness. Men ran to the car barn j
of the trolley road near by and obtain- j
ed a number of headlights from the j
cars. These were 'most useful in !
assisting the work of the rescuers. ?
In tiie meantime the people who were
seated in the vicinity of the break
found themselves in imminent dan?
ger of falling through the hole. In?
deed, some were obliged to clutch the i
edge of the floor to keep themselves j
from going through. Maurice A.
Rogers, ex-president of the Senate of
New Jersey and a member of the '
Camden lodge, was seated by the side
of his wife in the section that fell.
-mmm- .... ??
A hors*? kicked H. S Shuter, of" 't>e Fr>
rayer Howie. Middleburg, X. V , on the knee. '
which lai'! him up in bei mid cnu-t-d ihe !
knee joint to become stiff. A friend recora- ?
mended hun io use Chamberlain's Pain Balm,
which he dui. and in two duvs was nbie to tte I
around. Mi Sharer h is recommended it io '
mnti} f.ihers und says it is excellent tor any j
kind of H bruise or sprain. This same Rem-j
edy is also famous for ii.- cures of rheum*- |
tism. For *n!e ny I>r. A. J Chirm.
Highest of ail in Leavening Tow
President For Patriots.
The Unique Election Held
Yesterday by the; Faithful.
NEW YORK, July 10.-A national
Cuban presidential election is being
beld all over the United States to-day
and also in Mexico, Jamaica and South
Last Dight the political clubs compos?
ing the International party of Cuban
revolutionists met in the various cities
of these countries and every one elected
a delegate to the electoral college,
which will decide who is tc be presi?
dent of the Provisional government of
Cuba to fill the vacancy caused by the
death of the late President Jose Marti.
The election being special, for the of?
fice of president only, the delegates of
the electoral college will not meet to
gether, but will send their attested bal?
lots to the ofSce of the treasurer of the
party in every one of the countries
named. Then the International dele?
gates will count the ballots and de?
clare the electiou of the successful can?
didate. The treasurer of the party
in the United States is Mr. Becj. J.
Guerra, whose headquarters are in this
To-day Mr. Guerra is absorbed io the
interesting occupation bf receiving
election returns. There are, it is said
over one hundred clubs controlling as
many election districts in the United
States. At 1 o'clock returns had been
received from New York city, Chicago
New Orleans, Jacksonville, Vera Cruz,
3Iexico and Philadelphia. The dele?
gates from all these cities will cast
their ballotta for Thomas Palma. "The
indications are,*' said Mr. Guerra to?
day, "that Mr. Palma will be elected
unanimously, for ali the other candi?
dates have witbdrawo, or are withdraw?
"When will the new president be in?
"As soon as practicable. The con?
vention of the Provisional government
will meet in Cuba at a very early date,
perhaps to-morrow, bat I cannot give
the exact time, for cable communica?
tion ie so much interrupted that delay
is ofteD caused on most important mat?
"The new president is a lawyer by
profession and has a good record as a
wise statesman, aman of broad views
and a brave soldier. He has been
identified with the cause of Cuban in?
dependence for many years
"There is now n<? doubt that a good
republican government will soon be
firmly established in Cuba, and it will
be a great country afrer that/'
The Whole Family Drowned.
BATH, N.Y., July 9.-A drowning
accident occurred just off Bluff Point,
on Lake Keuka, at about 1 o'clock
to-day, by which five persons lost their
livest Terry Tuflft, with his wife and
three children, left Gibson's Landing
in a sail boat to cross the lake.
A strong wind was blowing and
when opposite the point, the
boat was capsized and the whole
party drowned. No one saw the
accident and the boat was not
discovered -.intil 3 o'clock, when the
bodies were recovered in about ten
feet of water The Tuffts lived near
Gibson, where they came last April.
Rifled the Burglar Chest,
Pittsfield., Ill , July 10 -The Ex?
change Bank, of Miller, twelve
miies from this city owned and run
by C. E. Botin, was entered early
yesterday morning by burglars, who
successfully opened the safe. They
entered the burglar chest without the
use of powder or toois, and it is sup?
posed took the entire contents Then
the chest was closed and the combi?
nation lock taken off to prevent it
being opened. The telephone wire
was cut to prevent communication
with the authorities Mr Botin re?
fuses to say how much money the
The Discovery Saved His Life.
Mr. <i. Cailiouetre. Dnig^i-r. Beaversvilie
lil., says : "To I'r King's New Discovery I
. uve my life. Was taken *?ith ha Grippe : . i
tried f?l 'bo physicians for mile? ?bout, hr.: of
:u> avail an ? was jjivefi up ii ti ?3 : )?'. I <.. u??J
ti'.'f live. Having l>r. King's New I>i.?Cfvery
in my store I sent for a bottle ?<n. i began its
use and trcm 'he f:r>t dose began err 1-et:er.
and a'ter n<ir.g thrt-o hec * les was up :<r-d
about again. It is worth its weight in g<
We won't keep ?t"fe "r Ii use without i:.'
??et a tree triai botvle at .'. F. W. DeL rme's
Drug >t?ire -
cr.- Latest U.S. Gov': Report